Timeline Senegal

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World History KLMA:
Senegal is located on the West coast of Africa, south of Mauritania.
    (WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)
Wolof is spoken by around 40% of Senegal's people as their mother tongue, and by around the same number as a second language. Its success threatens the roughly 30 indigenous languages spoken in the country.
    (AP, 1/26/06)

1186        The Waalo kingdom was founded in the northern plains of what later became known as Senegal, where  communities began to choose their leaders.
    (AP, 2/25/12)

1471        The Portuguese arrived in Ghana as intermediaries, bringing slaves and other goods from Senegal and Benin in order to sell them to the Asante and other local people.
    (Econ, 2/24/07, p.73)

1659        Senegal's second city, Saint-Louis, was founded and was the capital of the west African nation until 1957. It also served as the capital of French West Africa, as it was then known, between 1895 and 1902.
    (AFP, 2/3/18)

1680-1786    It was estimated that over 2 million slaves passed through Goree Island on their way to the American colonies.
    (SFC, 4/3/98, p.B3)

1700s        In Senegal female slave traders, called signare, prospered by conducting business with European men.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R25)

1776        The Dutch built a slave house on Goree Island off the coast of Senegal.
    (SFC, 7/9/03, p.A10)

1848        Apr 27, Slave trade was abolished in the French colonies.
    (AFP, 3/24/10)

1891        Sep 20, Lamine Gueye, Senegalese political leader, was born.
    (HN, 9/20/98)

1891        French Guinea was established in 1891, taking the same borders as the previous colony of Rivieres du Sud (1882–1891). Prior to 1882, the coastal portions of French Guinea were part of the French colony of Senegal.

1895        In Senegal French authorities, fearing his growing influence, exiled religious leader Sheikh Ahmadou Bamba to their other colonial holdings in West Africa.
    (AP, 4/22/03)

1902        Senegalese religious leader Sheikh Ahmadou Bamba, Islamic mystic and poet, returned to Touba and launched one of Senegal's main Muslim brotherhoods, the Mourides. The brotherhood went onto an informal, yet highly effective, global trading system based entirely on trust.
    (AP, 4/22/03)(Econ, 9/13/08, p.92)

1927         In Senegal Sheikh Ahmadou Bamba (Cheikh Amadou Bamba), Muslim brotherhood religious leader and founder of the holy center of Touba, died. He inspired the Sufi Muslim movement called the Mourides, the 2nd of two big movements. The other older Muslim group was known as the Tidjanes. 
    (AP, 4/22/03)(Econ, 12/23/06, p.91)(AP, 12/29/07)   

c1939        Belgium feared a Nazi invasion and shipped $2.5 billion of gold to France, which in turn shipped it to the port city of Dakar, its West African colony now known as Senegal. The Nazis discovered the shipment after their occupation of France and had the gold transferred to their account in Switzerland.
    (WSJ, 4/28/97, p.A17)

1946        Leopold Sedar Senghor was elected as the French deputy from Senegal and served until 1958.
    (SFC, 12/21/01, p.A34)

1946         Cheikh Anta Diop, a Senegalese humanist and scientist, began his research into African history. He later published The African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality, Civilization or Barbarism: An Authentic Anthropology, and The Cultural Unity of Negro Africa.
    (Civilization, July-Aug, 1995, p. 34)

1948        Leopold Sedar Senghor, French deputy from Senegal, published his 1st volume of poetry, “Chants d’ombres" (Songs of Shadows).
    (SFC, 12/21/01, p.A34)

1960        Aug 20, Senegal broke from Mali federation and declared independence.
    (MC, 8/20/02)

1960        Sep 5, Senegal became independent from France. Leopold Sedar Senghor (d.2001 at 95), poet and politician, was elected president of Senegal, Africa. 
    (PC, 1992, p.973)(HN, 9/5/98)(SFC, 12/21/01, p.A34)

1962        Leopold Sedar Senghor crushed an attempted coup by prime minister Mamadou Dia.
    (SFC, 12/21/01, p.A34)

1963        Mar 3, Senegal adopted a constitution.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1963        In Senegal the Grand Mosque of Touba, home to the tomb of Sheikh Amadou Bamba, was completed. It was begun in 1926, a year before Bamba’s death.
    (SSFC, 12/15/13, p.P3)

1968        May 27, In Senegal a university student strike began. Police moved in and one student died and several more were hurt. Workers then declared a strike on May 30 and for a time the protests came close to bringing down the government of Pres. Leopold Sedar Senghor.
    (AFP, 6/2/18)

1970s        Ibrahim Bah fought with the Casamance separatist movement. Bah later trained in Libya and fought in Afghanistan. In 2001 he was reported to be an organizer of diamond dealers for the al Qaeda network.
    (SFC, 11/2/01, p.A8)

1972        Jacques Hymans (d.2000 at 62), an American doctoral student from the Univ. of Paris, published his dissertation as a book on Pres. Leopold Sedar Senghor.
    (SFC, 1/5/00, p.C3)

1974        In Senegal Abdoulaye Wade founded the country's first opposition party.
    (AP, 2/25/12)

1975        May 25, ECOWAS Treaty1 was signed. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was formed in Nigeria with 15 members that included: Benin, Cape Verde, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo and Upper Volta (later Burkina Faso).

1977        The film "Ceddo" from Senegal was directed by Ousmane Sembene
    (SFEC, 4/13/97, DB p.44)

1981        Jul 30, Senegalese troops aborted an attempt to overthrow the government of Gambia by a paramilitary field force. Pres. Jawara was restored to power.

1981        Leopold Sedar Senghor ended his term as president. Abdou Diouf became president.
    (SFC, 1/5/00, p.C3)(SFC, 3/21/00, p.A12)
1981        Merck set up the first human trial of ivermectin for river blindness in Senegal. The drug had been developed for parasitic infections in animals. The trial showed the drug was safe in humans and highly effective at killing the disease vector in its larval state.
    (Econ, 4/22/17, p.52)

1982        In Senegal the Movement of the Democratic Forces (MFDC) began its rebellion.
    (AP, 12/13/11)

1983        In Senegal rebel fighters with the Movement of the Democratic Forces (MFDC) began a low level insurgency against the government.
    (SFC, 5/9/08, p.A19)

1987        South African legislator Frederik Van Zyl Slabbert (1940-2010) led a delegation of white South Africans to Senegal to meet the African National Congress (ANC), which was banned in South Africa.
    (AP, 5/14/10)

1989-1990    During a border war with Senegal, tens of thousands of black Mauritanians, from high ranking civil servants to herdsmen, were accused of being Senegalese, rounded up and deported.
    (Econ, 5/5/07, p.62)(AP, 7/29/11)

1990        Dec 1, Hissene Habre (b.1942), dictator of Chad, was deposed by Idriss Deby and fled to Senegal with $11 million.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiss%C3%A8ne_Habr%C3%A9)(WSJ, 5/31/00, p.A26)

1992        Feb 9, An Air Senegal flight chartered by Club Med crashed and 30 people were killed. In 2000 a French court convicted Club Med founder Gilbert Trigano and his son, Serge, for involuntary manslaughter.
    (SFC, 7/7/00, p.D6)(http://aviation-safety.net/database/country/country.php?id=6V)

1992        Pierre Sane of Senegal became the secretary-general of Amnesty Int’l.
    (SFC, 10/21/98, p.A10)

1992        Hissene Habre, an autocrat from Chad, fled to Senegal with $11 million in loot.
    (WSJ, 5/31/00, p.A26)

1993        May 15, In Senegal Babacar Seye, the vice-president of the Constitutional Court, was assassinated before ruling on an election petition.
    (https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babacar_S%C3%A8ye)(Econ., 6/27/20, p.35)

1994        Jul 23, Gambian soldiers proclaimed military government in Dakar, Senegal.
    (AP, 7/23/97)

1996        Dec, Femmes Africa Solidarite (FAS), founded by Bineta Diop (46) of Senegal, gained official recognition as an international NGO.
    (AP, 5/16/11)

1997        Feb 1, An Air Senegal plane crashed and at least 23 people died after liftoff from a wildlife refuge at Tambacounda.
    (SFC, 2/3/97, p.C3)

1997        Apr 30, The Senegalese film "Tableau Ferraille" by Moussa Sene Absa was shown at the SF Film Festival.
    (SFC, 4/23/97, p.D3)

1998        Apr 1-2, Pres. Clinton visited Senegal. He traveled through the capital, Dakar, and spoke on the future of African-US relations on Goree Island.
    (SFC, 3/21/98, p.A13)(WSJ, 4/2/98, p.A1)

1998        May 26, Mohammed Ndao was reported to be the new face of Senegalese wrestling. The national sport was being transformed to a new style that included punching and prize money.
    (SFC, 5/26/98, p.A6)

1998        Jun 9, Senegal and Guinea sent troops to aid Pres. Vieira in Guinea-Bissau. Rebels led by Ansumane Mane had just staged a coup to end the 18-year rule of Pres. Vieira, who was accused of corruption.
    (SFC, 6/10/98, p.A9)

1998        Jun 16, Senegal fired artillery into Guinea-Bissau to support Pres. Vieira.
    (WSJ, 6/17/98, p.A1)

1998        Nov 20, It was reported that land mines had made 80% of Casamance province unusable. The mines, laid by separatist rebels, had killed or wounded close to 500 people in the 1st 8 months of this year.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A15)

1999        Jan 18, The UN reported that the Parliament of Senegal banned the tradition of female genital mutilation.
    (SFC, 1/18/99, p.A14)

1999        Aug 26, In Senegal the army reported 29 dead fisherman from recent storms and that another 100 were missing.
    (SFC, 8/27/99, p.D3)

1999        Nov 13, Jacque Diouf of Senegal won a 2nd 6-year term as director-general for the UN Food and Agricultural Organization.
    (SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A27)

2000        Jan 25, A complaint was submitted in Dakar, Senegal, against former Chad dictator Hissene Habre. It detailed 97 allegations of political killings, 142 cases of torture and 100 disappearances. Habre was indicted on Feb 3.
    (SFC, 1/27/00, p.C2)(SFC, 2/4/00, p.D8)

2000        Feb 20, In Senegal guerrillas ambushed 2 tour buses and killed 2 soldiers and 2 tour guides and injured about 20 European tourists at Kaliane village near Ziguinchor in the Casamance region.
    (SFC, 2/22/00, p.A10)

2000        Feb, A Senegalese court indicted Hissene Habre, the former autocrat of Chad.
    (WSJ, 5/31/00, p.A26)

2000        Mar 3, In Senegal Pres. Abdou Diouf failed to get over 50% of the ballots and a runoff was scheduled with rival Abdoulaye Wade later in the month.
    (SFC, 3/4/00, p.C1)

2000        Mar 20, Pres. Abdou Diouf conceded defeat to rival Abdoulaye Wade. The elections ended 40 years of Socialist Party rule.
    (SFC, 3/21/00, p.A12)

2000        Apr 10, Dancers of the Ballet d’Afrique Noire from Senegal failed to show up to continue their tour after a performance at UC in Berkeley. 17 members were expected to seek asylum.
    (SFC, 4/13/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 23, Senegal struck the 1st cut-rate deal for AIDS drugs with discounts as much as 90% from US retail prices.
    (WSJ, 10/24/00, p.A1)

2001        Mar 20, Senegal’s highest court said that it has no authority to prosecute Hissene Habre, Chad’s former president, on charges of torture.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.A14)

2001        Apr 28, In Senegal legislative elections were held and a soldier and 4 others were killed in the Casamance region.
    (WSJ, 4/30/01, p.A1)

2001        May 3, A political coalition led by Pres. Wade was reported to have won a landslide victory in parliamentary elections.
    (WSJ, 5/3/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 20, Leopold Sedar Senghor (b.1906), poet and former president of Senegal (1960-1980), died in France at age 95.
    (SFC, 12/21/01, p.A34)(NW, 12/31/01, p.108)

2002        May 31, The World Cup soccer tournament opened in Japan and South Korea for the first time with a match between Senegal and defending champion France in South Korea. Senegal upset France, 1-0.
    (SFC, 6/1/02, p.A1)(AP, 5/31/03)

2002        Jul, Customs inspectors in Belgium noted irregularities in medical shipments from Senegal. It was determined that some 3 million doses of Glaxo HIV drugs worth $18 million had been diverted from Africa back to Europe for sale.
    (SFC, 10/3/02, p.A10)

2002        Sep 25-2002 Sep 26, Over 800 passengers and crew were believed to have perished when the Senegal’s crowded MS Joola, a state-run ferry, heaved to its side shortly before midnight in a fierce storm off the coast of Gambia. The toll was later raised to 1,863 dead. The ship had been pushed into service while still needing vital repairs. The ferry was licensed to carry 550 people but had 1,927 passengers on board, of whom only 64 survived.
    (WSJ, 9/30/02, p.A1)(SFC, 3/24/06, p.A12)(Econ, 2/24/07, p.58)(AFP, 3/19/12)

2002        Nov 4, Senegal Pres. Abdoulaye Wade dismissed his prime minister and the rest of the Cabinet in a shake up widely anticipated since the deadly capsizing of a state-run ferry.
    (AP, 11/4/02)

2002        Dec 23, More than 100 Gabonese students took over their embassy in Senegal, trapping three diplomats overnight to protest unpaid scholarships.
    (AP, 12/24/02)

2002        French president Jacques Chirac received three million euros ($4 million) from Ivory Coast's Laurent Gbagbo to finance his electoral campaign. This was made public in 2011 by Robert Bourgi, a lawyer with a network of African contacts who advised Chirac before changing camps in 2005 to aid French President Nicolas Sarkozy. Bourgi also named Senegal's Abdoulaye Wade, Burkina Faso's Blaise Compaore, and Congo-Brazzaville's Denis Sassou Nguesso and Gabon's Omar Bongo as contributors. Bourgi later said he was mistaken concerning (Senegal's president) Abdoulaye Wade and his son" Karim Wade.
    (AFP, 9/12/11)(AP, 9/26/11)

2003        Apr 22, In Senegal nearly a million people traveled to Touba, the hometown of 19th-century religious leader Sheikh Ahmadou Bamba. Fearing his growing influence, the French exiled Bamba in 1895 to their other colonial holdings in West Africa. Bamba returned to Touba in 1902 to launch and guide one of Senegal's main Muslim brotherhoods, the Mourides, until his death in 1927.
    (AP, 4/22/03)

2003        Aug 27, Senegal announced its 5th government in three years under President Abdoulaye Wade, in a Cabinet overhaul that followed criticism of Wade's administration and its handling of recent flooding.
    (AP, 8/27/03)

2003        Dec 3, In northern Senegal a passenger bus and a cement truck collided, killing 22 people and injuring 35 others.
    (AP, 12/3/03)

2004        Jul 12, Newspapers in Senegal and the Central African Republic suspended publication to protest the jailings of leading journalists.
    (AP, 7/12/04)

2004        Sep 15, Eight French speaking African countries began retiring over 1 billion in decaying currency with new CFA francs. Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo had until Dec 31 to turn in old bills for new ones.
    (SFC, 9/15/04, p.C8)

2004        Nonesuch Records released a widely acclaimed album by Youssou N’Dour that celebrates Islam and Sufism in Senegal.
    (SFC, 7/17/04, p.E1)

2005        Feb 2, French Pres. Jacques Chirac planned to visit Senegal for the first time in a decade, hoping to boost ties with a former West African colony at a time when the US is raising its military profile in the region.
    (AP, 2/1/05)

2005        May 10, Senegal passed a law that criminalized forcing another into begging for financial gain, under penalty of a large fine and imprisonment for between two and five years. It did not begin enforcing the ban until 2010.
    (AP, 9/5/10)(www.hrw.org/en/node/89479/section/8)

2005        Jun, The Trans-Sahara Counter-Terrorism Initiative began operations. The US funded plan intended to provide military equipment and development aid to 9 north-east African countries considered fertile ground for Muslim militant groups. Participating countries included Algeria, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Tunisia.
    (SFC, 12/27/05, p.A1)

2005        Jul 19, In Senegal ministers, entrepreneurs and trade experts from 35 African countries and the US began to plot ways to give African goods a better shot at US markets and find means to boost non-oil exports from the poorest continent. Senegal was one of 37 African countries eligible to participate in the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), signed in 2000 by US president Bill Clinton that gives African exports duty-free status on the US market.
    (AFP, 7/19/05)

2005        Oct 10, Morocco began deporting would-be immigrants, with a flight carrying 140 Senegalese taking off for Dakar after hundreds of Africans stormed razor-wire border fences in recent weeks.
    (AP, 10/10/05)

2005        Nov 12, Africa Union leaders from Algeria, Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa and Senegal met in Abuja for a 2-day summit titled: "Africa and the challenges of the global order: Desirability of union government," with the leaders discussing the broad principles of integration.
    (AFP, 11/12/05)

2005        Nov 25, Hissene Habre, Chad's former dictator, was freed after a Senegalese court said it had no jurisdiction to rule on his extradition to Belgium to stand trial for war crimes.
    (AP, 11/25/05)

2005        Nov 27, Senegal's foreign minister said the African Union will decide the fate of Chad's former dictator, wanted in Belgium for trial on human-rights abuses allegedly committed during his regime.
    (AP, 11/28/05)

2006        Jan 12, Chinese Foreign Minister Li Zhaoxing gave four million US dollars to Dakar within hours of his arrival in Senegal, the latest west African country to have recently ditched Taiwan in favor of mighty Beijing.
    (AP, 1/12/06)

2006        Apr 30, A fisherman off Barbados found a boat with the bodies of 11 men from Senegal. The boat had left Senegal Christmas eve with 52 migrant people and was apparently bound for the Canary Islands.
    (AP, 6/1/06)

2006        Jun 6, The Ford Foundation launched an independent, African-led nonprofit that aims to give Africans greater opportunity to solve the continent's problems themselves. The Foundation committed $30 million to fund TrustAfrica, which has been developed over the past five years. It will now be based in Senegal's capital of Dakar and governed solely by Africans.
    (AP, 6/6/06)

2006        Jul 2, Senegal's President Abdoulaye Wade said his country would try Chad's former leader Hissene Habre, wanted by Belgium for trial on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity.
    (AFP, 7/2/06)

2006        Nov 2, Senegal moved closer to bringing Hissene Habre, a former Chadian dictator accused of war crimes, to justice after the government announced that local laws would be revised and a special commission formed to organize and oversee his trial.
    (AP, 11/3/06)

2006        Nov 13, Senegal’s President Abdoulaye Wade received a letter from Sudan President Omar al-Bashir that accepted some sort of UN intervention.
    (AP, 11/14/06)

2006        Dec 17, Scores of migrants who spent days at sea were missing and feared dead after their boat wrecked off Senegal's coast.
    (AP, 12/17/06)

2006        The Mourides, Sufi Muslim movement, made up about 40% of Senegal’s population. The movement, dating back to Sheikh Ahmadou Bamba (d.1927), was based on teachings of self-reliance and member solidarity.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.92)

2007        Feb 25, Senegal held elections. President Abdoulaye Wade, seeking another five years in office, declared he was confident of winning the election outright and would avoid a runoff in the ballot to decide who will lead one of Africa's most stable democracies.
    (AP, 2/25/07)

2007        Mar 1, Senegal officials said President Abdoulaye Wade received 56 percent of the vote to avoid a runoff and easily win re-election in this West African nation.
    (AP, 3/1/07)

2007        May 30, Senegalese President Abdoulaye Wade, host of the Islamic Development Bank’s annual meeting, spoke on behalf of the bank’s launch of a $10 billion fund to combat poverty in developing Muslim nations in Africa and other parts of the world. Saudi Arabia pledged to contribute $1 billion, Kuwait $300 million, Iran $100 million and Senegal $10 million.
    (AP, 5/30/07)

2007        Jun 4, Senegal defended the low poll turnout used by critics to put a question mark on the legitimacy of weekend legislative elections, saying the west African nation had never had enthusiastic voters. A 17-party opposition grouping had called for an unprecedented boycott of the ballot, which looked set to be won by President Abdoulaye Wade's ruling party.
    (AP, 6/4/07)
2007        Jun 4, The Institute for Democracy in South Africa (IDASA) said a study of mortality patterns in South Africa, Malawi, Namibia, Zambia, Tanzania and Senegal indicated Africa's HIV/AIDS crisis was reaching deep into elected governments.
    (Reuters, 6/4/07)

2007        Oct-2008 Nov, In Senegal lead poisoning killed 18 children in Thiaroye Sur Mer. For years, the town's blacksmiths had extracted lead from car batteries and remolded it into weights for fishing nets. The work left the dirt of Thiaroye dense with small lead particles. As the price of lead climbed local people had begun to sift the dirt to extract the lead.
    (AP, 1/3/09)

2007        Jun 9, Ousmane Sembene (84), Senegalese writer and film maker, died. He was often called the “Father of African Cinema." His 1st novel was “Le Docker Noir" (1956). His first feature film was “Le Noire de …" (Black Girl), made in 1966. 
    (WSJ, 6/19/07, p.D5)

2007        Nov 6, A Mauritanian patrol boat found a drifting boat from Senegal with some 100 people aboard as well as 2 dead bodies. The migrants had spent nearly 3 weeks at sea and thrown 43 dead bodies overboard.
    (SFC, 11/7/07, p.A3)

2007        Nov 21, In Senegal street vendors protesting an attempt to clear them from the center of Dakar clashed with police, throwing rocks at officers who fired tear gas to disperse the crowd. Last week, Senegal's security forces began clearing the capital's intersections of hawkers and beggars under a presidential decree aimed at bringing some order to Dakar's clogged streets.
    (AP, 11/22/07)

2007        Nov 28, Senegalese President Abdoulaye Wade said he will propose the creation of a committee of African heads of state to mend broken relations between Zimbabwe and former colonial power Britain.
    (AFP, 11/28/07)

2007        Dec 28, Serigne Saliou Mbacke (92), Senegal's spiritual leader, died. Mbacke was the leader of the Mourides, the most powerful Muslim brotherhood in Senegal, and his image was ever-present in the homes of his millions of followers.
    (AP, 12/29/07)

2008        Jan 4, The annual 5,760 Dakar Rally was canceled on the eve of the race across the Sahara Desert because of terror threats and the recent Christmas Eve killings of a French family in Mauritania blamed on al-Qaida-linked militants. The race, organized by the France-based Amaury Sport Organization (ASO), had been due to start in Lisbon, Portugal, and finish in Dakar, Senegal, on Jan. 20.
    (AP, 1/4/08)(WSJ, 1/5/08, p.A1)

2008        Mar 14, In Senegal members of the 57-member Organization of the Islamic Conference moved to create a battle plan, including legal action, to defend Islam from political cartoonists and bigots.
    (AP, 3/14/08)

2008        May 4, Senegal’s Pres. Abdoulaye Wade called the UN’s Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) a “bottomless pit of money largely spent on its own functioning."
    (Econ, 5/10/08, p.69)

2008        May 7, In Senegal a group of armed men attacked some 20 villagers and sliced off their left ears in an effort to keep them from harvesting cashews. Victims said the assailants were rebel fighters with the Movement of the Democratic Forces (MFDC).
    (SFC, 5/9/08, p.A19)

2008        May 21, The interior ministers of Senegal and Spain signed an agreement extending cooperation between the west African nation and the EU border control agency Frontex to combat illegal immigration by one year.
    (AFP, 5/21/08)

2008        Jul 18, Senegal’s President Abdoulaye Wade said Sudan President Omar al-Beshir has agreed to restore relations with Chad, more than two months after Khartoum severed ties accusing Ndjamena of backing Darfur rebels.
    (AFP, 7/18/08)

2008        Aug 3, In Senegal former US president Bill Clinton wound up a four-nation Africa tour aimed at combating HIV/AIDS in Dakar, praising France for its financial support through the agency Unitaid.
    (AP, 8/4/08)

2008        Oct 5, Iba Ndiaye (b.1928), Senegalese modernist painter, died in Paris.
    (SSFC, 10/19/08, p.B6)

2008        Dec 27, Guinea's coup leader said he would allow the opposition and union leaders to help choose a prime minister. The military junta was boosted by the endorsement of neighboring Senegal as it attempted to garner international backing, and, after meeting political parties, promised to stamp out the burgeoning drugs trade.
    (AP, 12/27/08)(Reuters, 12/27/08)

2009        Jan 6, In Senegal 9 men, including a prominent activist, were convicted of homosexual acts and sentenced to eight years in prison. Senegal, a primarily Muslim nation in West Africa, is one of 38 countries on the continent that criminalize homosexual acts.
    (AP, 1/8/09)

2009        Jan 28, Five African and international human rights groups called on the African Union to press Senegal to move forward with the trial of former Chadian dictator Hissene Habre.
    (AP, 1/28/09)

2009        Feb 14, China's Pres. Hu Jintao toured the site of a new, Chinese-financed national theater in Senegal, a day after signing a bilateral agreement promising the West African nation over $90 million in gifts and loans.
    (AP, 2/14/09)

2009        Feb 19, Belgium took Senegal to the International Court of Justice over the African nation's failure to prosecute a former Chad president for crimes against humanity and torture.
    (AP, 2/20/09)

2009        Apr 6, Belgium began World Court proceedings against Senegal in an effort to bring former Chad President Hissene Habre on trial for alleged widespread human rights abuses during his eight-year reign. A Chadian commission of inquiry has concluded that Habre's regime killed at least 3,780 political opponents, but added that the figure likely represents only 10 percent of his victims.
    (AP, 4/6/09)

2009        May 2, In Senegal Madieye Diallo's, a gay man, died of HIV AIDS. His body had only been in the ground for a few hours when a mob descended on the weedy cemetery with shovels. They yanked out the corpse, spit on its torso, dragged it away and dumped it in front of the home of his elderly parents.
    (AP, 4/12/10)

2009        May 28, In Senegal UN, African Union, EU and Arab League representatives met with Mauritian political parties in Dakar to discuss upcoming polls and a political stalemate since a coup.
    (AFP, 5/28/09)

2009        Sep 22, The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs announced that flash floods and lighting have claimed 187 lives and affected 635,273 people in west Africa since the rainy season started in June. This included 103 dead in Sierra Leone, followed by Ghana (24), Mali (20), Ivory Coast (19), Burkina Faso (8), Niger (7) and Senegal (6).
    (AFP, 9/22/09)

2009        Oct 2, Six Senegalese soldiers were killed and three wounded in an attack near the border of Senegal and Guinea-Bissau. The soldiers were in a vehicle returning to their base in the southern Casamance region east of its capital Ziguinchor when their vehicle was hit by a rocket-propelled grenade.
    (AP, 10/3/09)

2009        Oct 12, In Senegal cyclist Frank Vandenbroucke (34) was on holiday when he was found dead in his room. Belgian cycling officials said his death was caused by a lung embolism. Vandenbroucke won the weeklong Paris-Nice spring race in 1998 and the Liege-Bastogne-Liege classic a year later before his career was marred by a doping scandal.
    (AP, 10/14/09)

2009        Nov 18, In Uganda a new 12 million dollar family planning drive was launched in Kampala highlighting how Obama administration funding has revamped a contraception drive in Africa and developing states. Uganda, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania and Kenya will share in the 12-million dollar funding, but international organizations still have to persuade certain African governments that it is in their interest to curb population growth.
    (AFP, 11/18/09)

2010        Jan 16, Senegal offered free land to Haitians wishing to "return to their origins" following this week's devastating earthquake, which has destroyed the capital and buried thousands of people beneath rubble.
    (AP, 1/17/10)

2010        Feb 26, Sierra Leone and five other west African countries (Mauritania, Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia and Guinea) signed onto an action plan in Freetown for sustainable mangrove management.
    (AFP, 2/27/10)

2010        Mar 23, Senegal's national assembly adopted a bill declaring slavery and the slave trade crimes against humanity, moving closer to becoming the first African nation to pass such legislation.
    (AFP, 3/24/10)

2010        Apr 15, Human Rights Watch, a leading international rights group, called on Senegal's government to clamp down on Islamic schools whose leaders are subjecting tens of thousands of children to forced begging and daily beatings in conditions it says are "akin to slavery."
    (AP, 4/15/10)

2010        Apr, In Senegal a new $27 million, 50-meter statue of a nuclear family, titled the “Monument of African Resistance," was officially opened in Dakar. It was financed by public funds and designed by North Koreans. Pres. Abdoulaye Wade demanded that 35% of proceeds from visitors should go in perpetuity to his own foundation, to be run by his daughter.
    (Econ, 2/27/10, p.54)

2010        May 3, In Senegal lawmakers from 27 African countries gathered in Dakar for a two-day conference to push for a UN ban on female genital mutilation as a breach of human rights. Senegal hoped to eradicate the practice completely by 2015.
    (AFP, 5/3/10)

2010        Jun 9, In Senegal the French flag was lowered at a military base and the West African country's colors hoisted in a ceremony to mark the start of a handover of French bases.
    (AP, 6/9/10)

2010        Aug 24, Senegal’s PM Souleymane Ndene Ndiaye said that those begging for money will be given a place to stay if they leave the streets of Dakar and other large cities to receive help from charities. The government soon began enforcing a 2005 ban on begging. Officials said they recently felt pressure to impose the law because the US and other donor countries had threatened to cut off aid if Senegal does not address human trafficking. Aid groups and human rights organizations estimated that as many as 100,000 children in Senegal, population 13.7 million, are forced to beg every day by religious teachers known as marabouts. Caught in the dragnet were handicapped adults who used to line their wheelchairs along a stretch of the boulevard leading to the presidential palace in downtown Dakar.
    (AP, 9/5/10)(http://tinyurl.com/236esgh)

2010        Sep 1, In Senegal Television Futurs Medias (TFM), run by pop star Youssou N’dour (50), began broadcasting but only in Dakar and its immediate suburbs. Its government license, issued earlier this year, limited it to cultural programming and forbade the station from doing newscasts. A request to broadcast to the rest of the country has so far been denied.
    (AP, 9/9/10)(http://tinyurl.com/2eh5yhm)

2010        Oct 13, In Senegal dancers, traditional praise singers and leaders of three African nations greeted 163 Haitian students who left their earthquake-ravaged country and flew to Senegal, where victims of the calamity are being offered free housing and scholarships.
    (AP, 10/14/10)

2010        Dec 14, Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi pushed again his dream for a sole African government and was backed by Senegal's President Abdoulaye Wade as he urged the creation of a single African army.
    (AFP, 12/14/10)

2010        The population of Senegal numbered about 13 million.
    (Econ, 2/27/10, p.55)

2011        Feb 6, In Senegal the 11th anti-capitalist gathering known as the World Social Forum kicked off in with a march attended by Bolivian President Evo Morales.
    (AP, 2/6/11)

2011        Feb 18, In Senegal a man set himself on fire in front of the presidential palace in Dakar, the latest self-immolation on the African continent.
    (AP, 2/18/11)

2011        Feb 23, Senegal said it will cut diplomatic ties with Iran after an investigation that showed that a seized Iranian arms shipment was intended for rebels fighting Senegalese troops. The arms shipment was discovered in Nigeria in October.
    (AP, 2/23/11)

2011        Mar 18, Senegal's government foiled an alleged coup just hours before anti-government protests were set to begin by arresting 15 people who had planned attacks across the capital. Opposition leaders said the accusations were a way of undercutting the demonstrations.
    (AP, 3/19/11)

2011        Mar 19, In Senegal a sit-in at Dakar's Place de l'Independance drew between 1,000 and 2,000 demonstrators, primarily young men.
    (AP, 3/19/11)

2011        Jun 22, In Senegal African superstar Youssou Ndour added his voice to the critics condemning a new law being proposed by Senegal's ruling party to create a vice presidential post. The opposition charged that the vice presidential post is being created so that the country's aging president can appoint his unpopular son, and put in motion a mechanism for his succession.
    (AP, 6/22/11)

2011        Jun 23, Senegalese police lobbed tear gas at thousands of protesters who amassed in the capital to oppose proposed changes to the constitution that critics said would benefit the longtime president and his family. Pres. Abdoulaye Wade cancelled his proposed change to the Constitution, which would have paved the way for his son to take power.
    (AP, 6/23/11)(SFC, 6/24/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 26, Senegalese youths destroyed a Jehovah's Witness temple, accusing its followers of spreading alcohol consumption among the population. The pastor, who sustained head injuries during the attack, said the protesters had made off with a large sum of money.
    (AFP, 6/27/11)

2011        Jun 27, In Senegal thousands of demonstrators took to the streets of Dakar to protest frequent power cuts. People claimed they now go regularly without electricity for 24 hours or more.
    (AP, 6/28/11)

2011        Jul 1, Senegalese opposition leader, ex-prime minister Macky Sall, accused President Abdoulaye Wade's regime of recruiting mercenaries from countries such as Ivory Coast.
    (AFP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jul 1, The African Union, meeting in Equatorial Guinea, said Senegal must try Hissene Habre, the former dictator of Chad, who has been living in the Senegalese capital for decades. Habre has lived in Senegal since 1990, and Senegal agreed to create a special court to try him more than five years ago.
    (AP, 7/2/11)

2011        Jul 10, Senegal, under international pressure, reversed course and called off the extradition of former Chadian dictator Hissene Habre. The decision came hours before Habre was to be deported to Chad.
    (AP, 7/10/11)

2011        Jul 14, Chad's former president Hissene Habre, in exile in Senegal, said in a published interview that he would be willing to appear before an international tribunal to answer charges of atrocities during his 1982-1990 rule.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)

2011        Jul 20, Senegal’s Interior Minister Ousmane Ngom banned political protests in downtown Dakar, citing security reasons, just days before a mass rally planned to protest against the embattled regime.
    (AFP, 7/20/11)

2011        Jul 21, Senegal's government banned political demonstrations in front of government buildings and on major avenues and squares, just days before a planned opposition protest to call for the departure of President Abdoulaye Wade (85).
    (AP, 7/21/11)

2011        Jul 23, Senegal's opposition went ahead with a protest and thousands of demonstrators poured into a square after a last-minute change to the venue to skirt a ban on demonstrations issued by the government. They amassed at Place de l'Obelisque, just outside Dakar's downtown district, to demand the departure of President Abdoulaye Wade (85) who is attempting to run for a third term.
    (AP, 7/23/11)

2011        Jul 25, Senegal police detained Thiat, a member of the rap group Y An A Marre (the name means "We've had it"), which has been a leading force behind mass protests calling for the resignation of aging President Abdoulaye Wade.
    (AP, 7/25/11)

2011        Aug 26, Senegal's army clashed with suspected rebels in the southern province of Casamance.
    (AFP, 8/26/11)

2011        Sep 1, Senegalese opposition parties said the doubling of the fee required to take part in presidential elections was unfair and undemocratic. The 65 million CFA francs (100,000 euros, $145,000) was declared in a ministerial decree issued on Aug 29, and is more than double the 25 million CFA francs required in 2007.
    (AFP, 9/1/11)

2011        Sep 6, In Senegal some 160 political parties, associations and social movements launched a coalition to rally for the re-election of President Abdoulaye Wade in 2012.
    (AFP, 9/7/11)

2011        Sep 10, Leaders of Ivory Coast and Liberia were joined by counterparts from West Africa for talks on security along the border between their two countries after a bloody post-poll crisis. Presidents Alassane Ouattara and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf were joined by Blaise Compaore of Burkina Faso, Abdoulaye Wade of Senegal, John Atta Mills of Ghana and Nigerian summit host Goodluck Jonathan, under the aegis of regional bloc ECOWAS.
    (AFP, 9/10/11)

2011        Sep 22, Senegal's ruling party said that it is canceling all political demonstrations, an announcement that came a day before the nation's opposition planned to hold a rally to call for regime change. The ruling Senegalese Democratic Party, or PDS, said that the No. 2 of the National Assembly, Diawar Toure, had died in Paris a day earlier.
    (AP, 9/22/11)

2011        Oct 13, Air traffic between Senegal and Mauritania resumed after a three-month pause, ending a row over onward flights.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)

2011        Oct 20, A Senegal court sentenced an opposition activist to two years in prison for issuing death threats against the judge who heads the country's Constitutional Council. Malick Seck had attempted to deliver a letter to the home of the chief justice denouncing the council's silence over President Abdoulaye Wade's decision to run for a controversial third term and saying the judge will pay the price.
    (AP, 10/20/11)

2011        Oct 27, In Senegal 2 people were killed and 22 injured in the village of Fanaye, where people attacked each other with sticks and machetes in a dispute over the project which will see 20,000 hectares given to an Italian investor to cultivate sweet potatoes for the production of biofuels.
    (AFP, 10/28/11)
2011        Oct 27, In Senegal Paul Nsapu, secretary-general of International Federation for Human Rights, was detained at Dakar's airport upon arrival. FIDH said he was detained to prevent him from speaking at a press conference for the annual report of the protection of human rights.
    (AP, 10/28/11)

2011        Nov 1, Senegal shut its airspace to all planes coming or going to Guinea after a Senegal Airlines flight was blocked in Conakry due to a spat over payments.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)

2011        Nov 21, In southern Senegal 10 people were killed by separatist rebels in the jungles of the Casamance region, which is separated from the rest of Senegal by the nation of Gambia.
    (AP, 11/22/11)

2011        Dec 8, Liberia and Senegal pledged to reform their laws so that women can confer citizenship on their children. They were among at least 30 countries that let only fathers pass their citizenship to children from marriages with a foreigner.
    (AP, 12/8/11)

2011        Dec 13, In southern Senegal several soldiers were killed in an attack blamed on separatist rebels in the restive Casamance region.
    (AFP, 12/13/11)

2011        Dec 14, Italian far-right author Gianluca Casseri (50) shot dead two Senegalese men and wounded three others before killing himself in a daylight shooting spree in Florence that prompted outpourings of grief.
    (AFP, 12/14/11)

2011        Dec 20, In Senegal suspected rebels from the separatist Casamance region left 13 people dead in the enclaved region.
    (AFP, 12/20/11)

2011        Dec 22, In Senegal Barthelemy Dias, the youth leader of the West African country's Socialist party, was attacked by political opponents at his office. Dias was charged with murder on Dec 28 for the political clash that left one person dead and three others wounded. He maintained that he acted in self-defense.
    (AP, 12/29/11)

2011        Dec 28, Senegal's army said that five soldiers who went missing after a rebel attack last week in the troubled southern Casamance region were being held by separatist rebels.
    (AFP, 12/28/11)

2011        Dec 30, Senegal's Interior Minister Ousmane Ngom banned the carrying of firearms for a period of four months which will include presidential elections, after recent violent political clashes.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)

2012        Jan 2, In Senegal thousands of Dakar residents found themselves stranded as bus and taxi drivers took part in a two-day strike over high fuel prices, leaving some to turn to horse-drawn carts to get around. A paramilitary officer was killed, five injured and another left missing in the Casamance region village of Affiniam.
    (AFP, 1/2/12)(AP, 1/4/12)

2012        Jan 3, In Senegal suspected separatist rebels attacked a paramilitary police brigade in the troubled Casamance region for the second time this week.
    (AFP, 1/4/12)

2012        Jan 4, Senegalese bus and taxi drivers ended a two-day strike that had left people stranded and resorting to horse-drawn carts to get to work. Drivers in Senegal were protesting against the high price of fuel, the cost of insurance, police harassment and a lack of social protection from their employers.
    (AFP, 1/4/12)

2012        Jan 20, In Senegal more than 200 women were let out of jail for 24 hours after President Abdoulaye Wade declared a "day of giving" in which no ladies should be in prison. Wade also pardoned 34 women convicted for various crimes.
    (AFP, 1/20/12)

2012        Jan 24, Senegal's public transport workers launched a fresh strike to protest high fuel prices and police harassment, leaving many stranded on their way to work.
    (AFP, 1/24/12)

2012        Jan 27, Senegal's highest court ruled the country's increasingly frail, Pres. Abdoulaye Wade (85) could run for a third term in next month's election. The ruling led to rioting. Just days before the constitutional court was due to vote on whether Wade was eligible to run again, the judges received new, government-issued luxury cars.
    (AP, 1/28/12)(Econ, 2/4/12, p.51)(AP, 2/26/12)

2012        Jan 29, In Senegal 3 soldiers were killed by separatist rebels in the restive Casamance region.
    (AP, 1/31/12)

2012        Jan 30, In northern Senegal paramilitary police opened fire on men and women protesting the president's plan to run for a third term, killing a woman in her 60s and a high school student in Podor.
    (AP, 1/31/12)

2012        Feb 13, In Senegal four soldiers wee killed by separatist rebels in the country's southern Casamance region.
    (AP, 2/14/12)

2012        Feb 15, Senegalese riot police fired tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse protesters trying to hold a banned march against President Abdoulaye Wade's bid for a third term in office in an election later this month.
    (AFP, 2/15/12)

2012        Feb 16, Senegal police opened fire with tear gas on protesters who had gone ahead with a sleep-in at a downtown square, even though the government had banned the demonstration being held one week before the country's presidential election.
    (AP, 2/16/12)

2012        Feb 17, Senegalese riot police fired tear gas at protesters on a main commercial boulevard in Dakar, after the country's opposition went ahead with a protest in defiance of a government ban. Violence broke out in Tivaouane, seat of Senegal's largest Islamic brotherhood the Tidiane, where the mayor's office was burned down after police hurled teargas into a Dakar mosque.
    (AP, 2/17/12)(AFP, 2/18/12)

2012        Feb 19, In Senegal protesters demanding the departure of aging Pres. Wade (85) seized control of a three-block stretch in the heart of the capital, erecting barricades and lobbing rocks at police just days before a contentious presidential poll. The state-owned news agency reported two more people have been killed in protests. This brought to six the number of people killed in three weeks of violence before next week's contentious presidential poll.
    (AP, 2/19/12)

2012        Feb 20, Senegal's opposition called for a new protest, prompting fears of fresh violence days before polls in which President Abdoulaye Wade's bid for a third term has upset the normally stable nation.
    (AFP, 2/20/12)

2012        Feb 21, Africa's top envoy, former Nigerian president Olusegun Obasanjo, arrived in Senegal amid fresh clashes, with the opposition hoping he can talk 85-year-old President Abdoulaye Wade out of seeking a controversial third term in weekend polls.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)

2012        Feb 26, Senegal held elections. Voters booed Pres. Wade so loudly when he went to cast his ballot that his bodyguards whisked him away. The opposition was split between 13 candidates. Wade was dealt a humiliating blow and forced into a run-off election after failing to secure an outright majority for a disputed third term. Final results on March 6 showed Wade won 34.81 percent of votes, followed by Sall with 26.58 percent.
    (AP, 2/26/12)(AP, 2/27/12)(AFP, 2/28/12)(AFP, 3/6/12)

2012        Mar 11, Senegal's opposition joined forces in a mass rally to block 85-year-old President Abdoulaye Wade from landing a third term in office and back challenger Macky Sall.
    (AP, 3/12/12)

2012        Mar 12, Belgium launched a bid in the UN's highest court to force Senegal to bring Hissene Habre, dubbed "Africa's Pinochet", to trial for crimes against humanity or to extradite him. The former Chad president was offered safe haven in Senegal after his overthrow in 1990.
    (AFP, 3/12/12)

2012        Mar 25, Senegalese voted in a run-off election in which incumbent Abdoulaye Wade (85) is fighting off a mass opposition effort to foil his controversial bid for a third term. Opposition candidate Macky Sall won the vote. Wade conceded defeat just hours after results showed his opponent winning.
    (AFP, 3/25/12)(AP, 3/26/12)

2012        Mar, In Senegal days after former President Abdoulaye Wade left the presidential palace accusations surfaced that Wade and his inner circle had made off with nearly all the cars in the government's garage, as well as art, furniture and other assets belonging to the state.
    (AP, 5/25/12)

2012        Apr 2, Senegal's new President Macky Sall was sworn in as leader of the west African nation.
    (AFP, 4/3/12)

2012        Apr 3, Senegal's new President Macky Sall named ex-banker Abdoul Mbaye (59) as his prime minister and vowed his team would serve the public good.
    (AFP, 4/3/12)

2012        Apr 4, Senegalese superstar singer Youssou Ndour was appointed the country's new tourism and culture minister in President Macky Sall's cabinet.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)

2012        Apr 20, Senegalese state media reported that Mali's Pres. Amadou Toumani Toure and family has sought refuge in neighboring Senegal nearly one month after the democratically elected leader was overthrown in a coup that has sparked political and humanitarian crises.
    (AP, 4/20/12)

2012        Apr, Senegal’s new government issued a communique giving 72 hours to former members of Abdoulaye Wade’s administration to return government cars, or face having them seized. Wade later claimed the cars were his and were given to his supporters.
    (AFP, 5/26/12)

2012        May 15, The UN World Food Program launched the distribution of cash vouchers for the purchase of food in Neteboulou, in Senegal's Tambacounda region, for people hit by poor harvests and high food prices.
    (AFP, 5/18/12)

2012        Jun 20, Senegalese police detained former interior minister Ousmane Ngom for questioning amid a probe by the new regime into graft by officials from the previous government. Amnesty International urged Senegal's new government to deal with rights violations which have gone unpunished for years in the west African nation.
    (AFP, 6/20/12)

2012        Jul 1, Senegal voted for new lawmakers in an election set to put more women in the national assembly thanks to a new law which requires an equal gender balance on party lists. President Macky Sall's coalition won a landslide majority in legislative polls, swooping up 119 of 150 seats in the national assembly.
    (AFP, 7/1/12)(AFP, 7/2/12)(AFP, 7/4/12)

2012        Jul 20, The United Nations' highest court ordered Senegal to prosecute former Chadian dictator Hissene Habre on torture charges "without further delay" if the country does not extradite him to Belgium.
    (AP, 7/20/12)

2012        Aug 7, In Senegal at least 23 people were killed in a collision between a bus and a truck near the town of Kaffrine.
    (AFP, 8/7/12)

2012        Aug 13, In south-eastern Senegal police fired teargas at stone-throwing demonstrators, injuring one person as protests erupted over the death of a deaf-mute youth in police custody.
    (AFP, 8/13/12)

2012        Aug 14, In Senegal 7 people including a baby died as heavy rains pounded the capital Dakar, causing partial home collapses.
    (AFP, 8/14/12)

2012        Aug 22, Senegal and the African Union finalized a deal on how to try Hissene Habre, a former Chadian dictator, who is accused of ordering thousands of political opponents to be tortured or killed.
    (AP, 8/23/12)

2012        Aug 25, The World Bank said it has signed on to help Senegal recover ill-gotten gains, as the country's new government questions members of the former regime for fraud.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)

2012        Aug 27, Senegal’s President Macky Sall cut short his trip to South Africa, and was returning to Senegal where he had ordered a full emergency response after weekend torrential rain left 6 people dead.
    (AP, 8/27/12)

2012        Oct 24, In Senegal a judge sentenced a well-known journalist to four years in prison for acts of homosexuality, illegal possession of arms and battery. Jupiter Ndiaye was arrested on Oct. 10 after getting into a fight with his male partner. The court said that Ndiaye used a knife and stabbed his partner in the stomach.
    (AP, 10/24/12)

2012        Nov 15, In Senegal Karim Wade, the son of the ex-president, was questioned by police for over 10 hours on accusations that he stole millions in state funds during his father's time in office.
    (AP, 11/15/12)

2012        Dec 9, In Senegal Roman Catholic peacemakers mediated the release of eight Senegalese soldiers held by rebels in the southern Casamance district.
    (AP, 12/9/12)

2012        Dec 19, Senegal's national assembly adopted a much-anticipated law, which creates a special tribunal to try ex-Chadian dictator Hissene Habre. This was the first step in ending 22 years of impunity that began when the deposed former president fled to Senegal, leaving behind a country strewn with mass graves.
    (AP, 12/19/12)

2013        Jan 7, In Senegal a man in front of the gates to the palace in Dakar doused in flammable liquid and then lit the fire. He was later taken to a hospital where he died of his injuries.
    (AP, 1/8/13)

2013        Feb 2, A Senegal town leader said that at least five people have been killed after rebels in the restive south raided a village in the Casamance region and targeted a bank.
    (AP, 2/2/13)

2013        Feb 8, Senegal officially launched its tribunal investigating former Chadian dictator Hissene Habre for alleged crimes against humanity, a move rights groups called a decisive turning point in the campaign to bring him to justice.
    (AP, 2/8/13)

2013        Feb 9, In Senegal a woman and her son were killed by a landmine in the southern Casamance region near the Gambian border.
    (AP, 2/10/13)

2013        Mar 3, In Senegal 9 children, aged 7-12, died in a fire in a Quranic school.
    (AP, 3/5/13)

2013        Mar 8, In Senegal  two members of the construction crew were killed when an apartment complex collapsed in Dakar. The four-story building was only permitted to be half as tall.
    (AP, 3/9/13)

2013        Mar 15, In Senegal lawyer El Hadj Amadou Sall said that his client, the son of Senegal's ex-president, is being unjustly accused. A special prosecutor charged with investigating the embezzlement of state funds has asked Karim Wade to justify a fortune that he estimates is worth up to 694 billion West African francs, equal to more than $1.3 billion.
    (AP, 3/15/13)
2013        Mar 15, In Senegal 3 students set themselves on fire on the campus of the country’s largest university to protest changes in the way credits are being counted in the college's geography department. All 3 survived.
    (AP, 3/15/13)

2013        Apr 17, Senegal authorities charged Karim Wade (44), the son of former Pres. Abdoulaye Wade, with illicit enrichment, following a months-long investigation into how he amassed a fortune of over $1.3 billion.
    (SFC, 4/18/13, p.A2)
2013        May 4, Twelve Senegalese employees of a South African demining company were kidnapped in Senegal's southern Casamance region. On May 29 the rebels released 3 women who were kidnapped with the group. The 9 remaining employees were freed on July 12 in Guinea-Bissau.
    (AP, 5/6/13)(http://tinyurl.com/dx24cfh)(Reuters, 7/12/13)

2013        Jun 27, Pres. Obama began an 8-day trip to Africa with a visit to Senegal.
    (Reuters, 6/27/13)

2013        Jun 28, Pres. Obama departed Senegal saying Washington had a "moral imperative" to help the world's poorest continent feed itself and he then left for South Africa hoping to see ailing Nelson Mandela.
    (AP, 6/28/13)

2013        Jul 2, In Senegal a special tribunal charged former Chad dictator Hissene Habre with crimes against humanity, over two decades after his arrival in the west African country.
    (AP, 7/2/13)

2013        Jul 25, Senegal removed national police director Abdoulaye Niang from his post amid allegations he was involved in drug trafficking.
    (AP, 7/26/13)

2013        Sep 2, Senegal's new PM Aminata Toure named a cabinet, putting a veteran human rights campaigner in the key post of justice minister, suggesting high-profile graft and rights cases were likely to remain a priority.
    (Reuters, 9/2/13)

2013        Oct 13, In Sudan 3 Senegalese UNAMID peacekeepers were killed and one injured in an attack by unidentified gunmen in West Darfur.
    (AP, 10/14/13)

2013        Oct 25, Leaders of the 15-nation west African bloc ECOWAS met in Dakar, Senegal, for a special summit focused on moving the region towards a common market and a single currency by 2020.
    (AFP, 10/25/13)

2013        Nov 11, Senegalese police detained five women accused of violating the country's anti-gay law, highlighting increased pressure on suspected lesbians in the deeply conservative West African nation. The five women were soon charged under the country's anti-gay law that imposes prison sentences of up to five years for homosexual acts.
    (AP, 11/12/13)(AP, 11/14/13)

2013        Nov 20, A Senegal judge said there is insufficient evidence to convict four women accused of violating the country's law banning homosexual acts. The four women were freed. A fifth woman arrested in the same raid on Nov 11 is a minor and will be tried separately.
    (AP, 11/20/13)

2013        Dec 30, In Senegal Sidy Lamine Niass, founder and CEO of Walfadjri, one of the country’s largest media groups, was detained after accusing President Macky Sall of building up wealth through corruption.
    (AFP, 12/31/13)

2014        Jan 4, Senegal said its navy has boarded a Russian ship that was allegedly illegally fishing in its waters and is escorting it toward Dakar. The Russian trawler left the port of Dakar on Jan 22 following an agreement by Moscow to pay $1 million.
    (AFP, 1/4/14)(AP, 1/23/14)

2014        Jan 31, In Senegal a judge sentenced two men to six months' jail in a rare conviction of a gay couple on criminal charges.
    (AP, 2/1/14)

2014        Mar 29, Guinea kept up its efforts to contain an Ebola epidemic which has killed dozens spreading from its southern forests to the capital Conakry, as neighboring Senegal closed its border.
    (AFP, 3/29/14)

2014        Apr 17, A Senegal official said Karim Wade, the son of former Pres. Abdoulaye Wade, will be tried for illicit enrichment following an investigation into how he amassed his multi-million dollar fortune.
    (AP, 4/17/14)

2014        Jun 29, Senegal voted in municipal and provincial elections. This was seen as a key test for President Macky Sall as he tries to shore up support for his party two years after his own disputed victory.
    (AFP, 6/29/14)

2014        Jul 4, Senegalese President Macky Sall sacked PM Aminata Toure after she failed to win a seat at local elections.
    (AP, 7/5/14)

2014        Jul 11, The World Health Organization (WHO) reported 44 new cases of Ebola including 21 deaths. 539 deaths in Guinea, Liberia, Senegal and Sierra Leone have been attributed to the outbreak.
    (AP, 7/14/14)

2014        Aug 21, Senegal closed its land border with Guinea as part of intensifying efforts to contain the Ebola outbreak that has killed 1,350 people since March in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone.
    (AFP, 8/22/14)

2014        Aug 29, Senegal’s Ministry of Health said a man infected with Ebola has traveled to Senegal, becoming the first recorded in this country of an outbreak that has hit four other West African countries and has killed more than 1,500 people. Senegal's first case was a student (21) from Guinea.
    (AP, 8/29/14)(Reuters, 8/29/14)

2014        Oct 17, The UN health agency officially declared an end to the Ebola outbreak in Senegal as the countrymade it past the 42-day mark, which is twice the maximum incubation period for Ebola, without detecting more such cases.
    (AP, 10/17/14)

2014        Nov 14, Senegal partially reopened air and sea borders with Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, countries worst hit by the Ebola virus.
    (AFP, 11/15/14)

2014        Senegal issued its first sukuk, an Islamic Sharia compliant bond, raising $208 million.
    (Econ 7/15/17, p.64)

2015        Jan 26, Senegal reopened its land border with Guinea, pointing to the "significant efforts" of its neighbor in fighting an Ebola outbreak that has claimed thousands of lives.
    (AFP, 1/26/15)

2015        Feb 9, In Senegal the four-day African Land Forces Summit opened in Dakar. It brought together top American military brass and the heads of 35 African armies.
    (AFP, 2/9/15)

2015        Mar 6, Guinea-Bissau dismantled a criminal operation trafficking 54 children to Senegal, where it is believed they would have been forced by Islamic schools to beg on the streets.
    (AFP, 3/8/15)

2015        Mar 23, In Senegal Karim Wade, the son of former President Abdoulaye Wade, was convicted on corruption charges and sentenced to six years in prison with a fine of nearly $230 million.
    (SFC, 3/23/15, p.A2)

2015        Apr 3, Senegal said it will scrap visa requirements for foreign visitors, effective May 1, and slash taxes on air fares as it seeks to revive a tourism sector crippled by high costs and a regional Ebola outbreak.
    (Reuters, 4/4/15)

2015        Apr 28, Senegal said on it has set up a crisis unit to help the families of migrants shipwrecked in the Mediterranean to get information about their loved ones.
    (AFP, 4/28/15)

2015        May 4, Senegal said it will send 2,100 troops to Saudi Arabia as part of an international coalition combating Houthi rebels in Yemen.
    (Reuters, 5/4/15)

2015        Jul 20, In Senegal the trial of former Chadian dictator Hissene Habre, accused of overseeing the deaths of thousands, had a chaotic beginning as security forces ushered the ex-leader into and then out of the Senegal courtroom amid protests by his supporters.
    (AP, 7/20/15)

2015        Jul 31, Senegal jailed journalist Tamsir Jupiter Ndiaye to six months in prison for acts of homosexuality. He was arrested in June after a young man accused him of attempted rape.
    (SFC, 8/1/15, p.A2)

2015        Aug 21, In Senegal a panel of judges sentenced seven men to six months in prison for homosexuality. The verdict was based on a police discovery of condoms and lubricant in the house where the men were arrested, and became a hammer blow to groups promoting safe sex.
    (Reuters, 8/26/15)

2015        Sep 5, A small Senegalair-operated plane from Burkina Faso carrying seven people including a sick French woman was believed to have crashed into the Atlantic ocean off the coast of Senegal.
    (AP, 9/6/15)

2015        Oct 15, Egypt, Japan, Senegal, Ukraine and Uruguay were elected to the UN Security Council during an uncontested vote for the non-permanent seats.
    (AFP, 10/15/15)

2015        Nov 6, Senegal charged five people suspected of links to Nigerian militant group Boko Haram. The five were arrested last month in the suburbs of Dakar and the central town of Kaolak.
    (Reuters, 11/9/15)

2016        Jan 26, Senegal said on it had interrogated some 900 people over a three-day period as part of efforts to prevent attacks by Islamist militants following a series of strikes in the region.
    (Reuters, 1/26/16)

2016        Mar 20, Senegalese residents voted on a constitutional referendum that could see sweeping constitutional reforms including a reduction of presidential powers and terms from seven to five years, on a continent where many leaders try to hold onto power. Partial results showed the pro-government "Yes" camp winning a majority.
    (AP, 3/20/16)(AFP, 3/21/16)

2016        Apr 4, The US Pentagon said it has released two Libyans from Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and sent them to the West African nation of Senegal for resettlement. Omar Khalif Mohammed Abu Baker and Salem Abdu Salam Ghereby had been held at Guantanamo for nearly 14 years without charge. 89 prisoners were left, including 35 cleared for release.
    (AP, 4/4/16)

2016        May 5, Environmental experts said a project to plant a wall of trees stretching from Senegal in West Africa to Djibouti in East Africa aims not only to halt desertification, but also to improve food security, create jobs, and offer young people an alternative to migration and extremism.
    (AP, 5/5/16)

2016        May 30, In Senegal former Chad dictator Hissene Habre (1982-1990) was given a life sentence for war crimes, crimes against humanity and a slew of other charges, including rape. The verdict marks the first time a country has convicted a former leader of another nation for rights abuses.
    (AFP, 5/30/16)

2016        Jul 29, In Senegal the Extraordinary African Chambers ordered Chad's ex-dictator Hissene Habre to pay more than 4,700 victims at least $17,000 each for abuses suffered during his time in power. The tribunal has already frozen some of Habre's assets. The defense has 15 days to appeal the reparation award.
    (AP, 7/29/16)

2016        Dec 1, Senegalese sculptor Ousmane Sow (b.1935) died in Dakar. His work celebrated African tribes along with historical icons such as Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King Jr. Sow was admitted to France's Academy of Fine Arts in 2013.
    (AP, 12/1/16)

2016        Dec 19, Senegal police arrested Lieutenant Aboubacar "Toumba" Diakite, a Guinean soldier linked to a Sep 28, 2009, massacre in Conakry where at least 150 people were killed and dozens of women raped.
    (Reuters, 12/20/16)

2016        Dec 23, The UN Security Council passed a landmark resolution condemning Israeli settlements in east Jerusalem and the West Bank after the United States refrained from using its veto. A resolution needs nine votes in favor and no vetoes by the US, France, Russia, Britain or China to be adopted. New Zealand, along with Senegal, Venezuela and Malaysia, co-sponsored the UN Security Council resolution.
    (Reuters, 12/23/16)(AFP, 12/24/16)(AP, 6/13/17)

2017        Jan 18, Senegal presented a draft resolution to the UN Security Council seeking support for ECOWAS efforts to press Gambian leader Yahya Jammeh to step down. At least 26,000 people have fled Gambia into Senegal fearing President Yahya Jammeh's decision to stay in power.
    (AFP, 1/18/17)(AP, 1/18/17)

2017        Jan 19, Gambian president-elect Adama Barrow was sworn in at the country's embassy in Senegal, as African troops massed at the border to force incumbent Yahya Jammeh to quit after his election defeat.
    (AFP, 1/19/17)

2017        Mar 7, Senegalese authorities arrested  Khalifa Sall, the mayor of the capital Dakar, a potential rival to President Macky Sall (no relation) in elections expected in 2019, on suspicion of embezzling 1.8 billion CFA francs ($2.87 million).
    (Reuters, 3/8/17)

2017        Apr 12, In Senegal a fire tore through makeshift straw shelters at a Muslim religious retreat near the town of Medina Gounass in the southeastern region of Tambacounda, killing 25 people and triggering a stampede.
    (AFP, 4/13/17)(AFP, 4/14/17)

2017        Apr 24, In Senegal at least 20 people, almost all women, were killed late today when a wooden boat capsized off its central coast. 51 people were rescued and one person remained missing.
    (AFP, 4/25/17)

2017        Apr 27, An appeals court in Senegal upheld the life sentence of former Chad dictator Hissene Habre on war crimes and crimes against humanity charges, bringing to an end a landmark trial pursued by victims for more than 16 years.
    (AP, 4/27/17)

2017        Jul 11, Human rights groups in Senegal criticized what it said is an ineffectual crackdown on child begging driven by Koranic schools, saying a year-long push to remove 50,000 children from the streets is failing.
    (AFP, 7/11/17)

2017        Jul 15, In Senegal a wall collapsed in a Dakar stadium during extra time at the League Cup final between Stade de Mbour and US Ouakam killing eight people. The match was marred by clashes between rival fans. In August ten football fans were arrested in connection with the stampede.
    (AFP, 7/16/17)(AFP, 8/8/17)

2017        Jul 30, Senegalese voters cast ballots to elect a new parliament, a test run for President Macky Sall ahead of a 2019 presidential election and following a campaign marred by violence and tensions. President Macky Sall's ruling coalition took 125 seats in the 165-seat National Assembly after winning nearly 50 percent of the vote. Opposition leaders said the election was tainted by fraud.
    (AFP, 7/30/17)(AFP, 7/31/17)(Reuters, 8/5/17)

2017        Aug 3, Senegalese singer Amy Colle Dieng (39) was arrested for "offending the head of state and broadcasting fake news," after audio of her lashing out at President Macky Sall went viral.
    (AFP, 8/9/17)   

2017        Nov 6, Senegal reported that two buses have collided, killing at least 25 people and injuring at least a dozen, including many who were heading to an annual pilgrimage.
    (AP, 11/6/17)

2017        Nov 20, The United States charged former top Hong Kong government official Chi Ping Patrick Ho (68) with links to a Chinese energy conglomerate and former Senegalese foreign minister Cheikh Gadio (61) with bribing high-level officials in Chad and Uganda in exchange for contracts for the mainland company.
    (Reuters, 11/21/17)

2017        Nov 23, France-based Interpol said 40 suspected human traffickers have been arrested and nearly 500 of their victims freed in a vast police operation in five African countries. The operation earlier this month was carried out in Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Senegal.
    (AP, 11/24/17)

2017        Nov 25, Senegal's national assembly lifted the parliamentary immunity of Dakar mayor Khalifa Sall, a leading opponent of President Macky Sall, opening the way for his trial on graft charges.
    (AFP, 11/26/17)

2018        Jan 6, In Senegal gunmen ordered youths to lie on the ground deep in the forest of Casamance before summarily executing 13 of them. President Macky Sall condemned the "armed attack of rare barbarity," summoned his national security council and ordered a ministerial delegation to the scene.
    (AFP, 1/7/18)

2018        Jan 14, Authorities in Senegal arrested 22 people following a massacre in the country's southern Casamance region where the suspects had been looking for firewood in the forest.
    (AP, 1/15/18)

2018        Jan 18, Senegal President Macky Sall suspended all authorizations for logging and ordered an overhaul of forestry laws after a massacre connected to the illegal trade in timber.
    (AFP,  1/18/18)

2018        Jan 25, In Senegal bandits attacked a group of Spanish tourists and raped two women in the southern Casamance region before making off with thousands of euros.
    (Reuters, 1/26/18)

2018        Feb 3, In Senegal French President Emmanuel Macron got a rousing welcome from tens of thousands as he visited the historic city of Saint-Louis, and announced an aid package of 40 million euros for the UNESCO World Heritage site which is threatened by coastal erosion from the Atlantic Ocean.
    (AFP, 2/3/18)
2018        Feb 3, In Senegal donor nations announced $2.3 billion in funding to support education in developing countries, following an international meeting in Dakar.
    (AP, 2/3/18)

2018        Mar 30, A court in Senegal sentenced opposition leader Khalifa Sall, a former mayor of the capital Dakar, to five years in prison for embezzlement and falsifying documents. Sall was arrested a year ago on suspicion of embezzling 1.8 billion CFA francs ($3.40 million).
    (Reuters, 3/30/18)

2018        Apr 19, Senegal police fired tear gas to break up a protest in Dakar and arrested several people, including former premier Idrissa Seck (2002-2004), protesting against a move to raise the bar for presidential candidates.
    (AFP, 4/19/18)

2018        Jul 21, Chinese President Xi Jinping arrived in Senegal for a two-day visit to sign bilateral deals beginning a four-nation visit seeking deeper military and economic ties. His stops will also include Rwanda, South Africa and Mauritius.
    (AP, 7/21/18)(Reuters, 7/21/18)

2018        Aug 30, A Senegalese court upheld a five-year jail term against leading politician Khalifa Sall (62), the mayor of Dakar, in a ruling that bars him from running in presidential elections due next February. He sentenced in March on charges of fraudulent use of public funds.
    (AFP, 8/30/18)
2018        Aug 30, German Chancellor Angela Merkel arrived in Ghana during a three-nation West Africa visit aimed at boosting investment in a region that is a major source of migrants heading toward Europe. Merkel first stopped in Senegal, another of Africa's fastest-growing economies, and will continue on to Nigeria.
    (AP, 8/30/18)

2018        Oct 30, In Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel opened the G20 Compact with Africa meeting saying it's critical "not only to talk about Africa but to talk with Africa" about development needs and goals. So far 11 countries have joined the program: Benin, Ivory Coast, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Morocco, Rwanda, Senegal, Togo and Tunisia.
    (AP, 10/30/18)

2018        Nov 5, In Senegal a two-day African security forum opened in Dakar amid concerns about funding for a much-trumpeted initiative to bind the G5 Sahel force (Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger) into an anti-terror force.
    (AFP, 11/5/18)

2019        Jan 14, Senegal's the Constitutional Council said the two best known opposition figures have been barred from running in presidential elections next month, increasing President Macky Sall's chances of securing a second term in office. Khalifa Sall and Karim Wade have 48 hours to appeal the Council's decision.
    (Reuters, 1/14/19)

2019        Feb 24, Senegal held a presidential poll with Macky Sally (56) confident of being reelected after his main challengers were banned from running.
    (AFP, 2/24/19)

2019        Feb 28, Senegalese election officials announced that President Macky Sall (57) has easily won a second term without the need for a runoff. The four opposition candidates said they would not pursue a legal challenge.
    (AP, 2/28/19)

2019        Apr 2, Senegalese President Macky Sall said he would prioritize the environment, youth employment and women's rights during his second term in office.
    (Reuters, 4/2/19)

2019        Jun 11, Human Rights Watch said children studying in Senegal's Koranic schools face "alarming rates" of abuse, including rape, neglect and imprisonment.
    (AFP, 6/11/19)

2019        Jul 29, It was reported that authorities in Senegal plan to crack down on polluters by imposing fines and further restricting plastic use. A 2015 law banned the most common thin polythene bags, but was never applied.
    (Reuters, 7/29/19)

2019        Aug 18, Senegalese Jacques Diouf (81), who headed the UN food agency for 18 years, died in France following a long illness.
    (AFP, 8/18/19)

2019        Sep 27, Three Senegalese crew were killed and a fourth was injured when a combat helicopter used by UN peacekeepers in the Central African Republic crashed in the west of the country.
    (AP, 9/27/19)

2020        Mar 5, The UN said a British UN employee is one of the four people who have tested positive for the novel coronavirus in Senegal.
    (AFP, 3/5/20)

2020        Mar 16, Senegalese President Macky Sall declared a national state of disaster and canceled the country’s most important religious festival due to take place later this month following a surge in cases to 26 from 10.
    (Bloomberg, 3/16/20)

2020        Mar 17, Senegal has recorded 27 cases of coronavirus. Medical staff said they had received limited protective equipment beyond extra gloves and masks.
    (Reuters, 3/17/20)

2020        Mar 19 More African countries closed their borders as the coronavirus’ local spread threatened to turn the continent of 1.3 billion people into an alarming new front for the pandemic. Senegal closed its airspace. Angola and Cameroon shut air, land and sea borders. Rwanda blocked all commercial flights for a month. The island nation of Mauritius closed its border after announcing its first case.
    (AP, 3/19/20)

2020        Apr 27, In Senegal the coronavirus has infected over 736 people and killed 9. The capital's 40,000 street children have become more vulnerable since the government declared a state of emergency over the epidemic in late March.
    (Reuters, 4/27/20)

2020        Sep 5, In Senegal storm began that brought nearly a year's worth of rainfall in a single day, turning roads into rivers. At least six deaths were recorded nationwide.
    (AP, 9/7/20)

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