Timeline Solomon Islands

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The capital is Honiara.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Honiara )
1300BC    The Lapita people took once again to the open seas about this time, pushing east past the Solomon Islands to the Bismarck archipelago and beyond to Vanuatu, Fiji and Samoa. Theses Southeast Asian peoples had headed south from Taiwan to Papua New Guinea and as far as the main Solomon islands, where they stopped some 40,000 years ago.
    (AFP, 11/9/10)

1568        Apr 16, The first recorded sighting of Tulagi Island by Europeans was by the Spanish expedition of Álvaro de Mendaña. More precisely the sighting was due to a local voyage done by a small boat, in the accounts the brigantine Santiago, commanded by Maestre de Campo Pedro Ortega Valencia and having Hernán Gallego as pilot.

1936        Raymond Firth (1901-2002), New Zealand-born anthropologist, authored “We the Tikopia,’ a study of the organization of some 1,200 Tikopia islanders of the British Solomons. He later wrote 9 more books on the Tikopia.
    (SFC, 3/19/02, p.A20)

1942        Jan 4, Japanese forces began the evacuation of Guadalcanal
    (HN, 1/4/00)

1942        Aug 7, The U.S. 1st Marine Division under General A. A. Vandegrift landed on the islands of Guadalcanal and Tulagi in the Solomon islands. This was the first American amphibious landing of the war and the start of the first major allied offensive in the Pacific during World War II. The initial landing party included Navajo Codetalkers. This was the 1st land Japanese defeat of WWII; Japan was building an air base with designs on isolating the  Australian continent.
    (AP, 8/7/97)(HN, 8/7/98)(WSJ, 10/12/99, p.A24)(MC, 8/7/02)

1942        Aug 8, U.S. Marines captured the Japanese airstrip on Guadalcanal.
    (HN, 8/8/98)

1942         Aug 18, Japan sent a crack army to Guadalcanal to repulse the U.S. Marines fighting there.
    (HN, 8/18/98)

1942        Aug 21, U.S. Marines turned back the first major Japanese ground attack on Guadalcanal in the Battle of Tenaru.
    (HN, 8/21/98)

1942        Aug 23, The 1st US flights landed on Guadalcanal.
    (MC, 8/23/02)

1942        Aug 24, In the battle of the Eastern Solomons, the third carrier-versus-carrier battle of the war, U.S. naval forces defeated a Japanese force attempting to screen reinforcements for the Guadalcanal fighting.
    (HN, 8/24/98)

1942        Aug,  Following the Battle of Midway, American forces at Guadalcanal--code-named "Cactus"--took delivery of 12 Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bombers and their escort of 19 Grumman F4F-4 Wildcat fighters, the advance squadrons of Marine Air Group (MAG) 23. Within 12 hours the fledgling "Cactus Air Force" helped finish off a Japanese infantry assault.
    (HNQ, 8/15/01)

1942        Sep 13, Battle of Edson's Ridge began at Guadalcanal.

1942        Sep 14, The 3-day Battle of Edson's Ridge at Guadalcanal continued.

1942        Sep 15, The USS Wasp was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine at Guadalcanal; the US Navy ended up sinking the badly damaged aircraft carrier.
    (www.b-26marauderarchive.org/PM/PM2105/PM4223.htm)(AP, 9/15/07)

1942        Oct 8, Fight at Matanikau, Guadalcanal (John Hersey Into the Valley).
    (MC, 10/8/01)

1942        Oct 11, In the World War II Battle of Cape Esperance in the Solomon Islands, U.S. cruisers and destroyers decisively defeated a Japanese task force in a night surface encounter.
    (AP, 10/11/97)(HN, 10/11/98)

1942        Oct 13, In the first of four attacks, two Japanese battleships sail down the slot and shelled Henderson field on Guadalcanal, in an unsuccessful effort to destroy the American Cactus Air Force.
    (HN, 10/13/99)

1942        Oct 25, Battle of Henderson Field, Guadalcanal began.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1942        Oct 26, In the Battle of Santa Cruz the USS South Dakota shot down a record 32 enemy planes
    (MC, 10/26/01)
1942        Oct 26, Japanese planes badly damaged the US ship Hornet in the Battle of Santa Cruz Islands, in the South Pacific Solomon Islands. 300 survivors were rescued by the destroyer Barton. The Hornet sank early the next morning.
    (HN, 10/26/98)(AP, 10/26/07)(SFC, 10/14/05, p.B6)
1942        Oct 26, On the 2nd day in the Battle of Henderson Field. Mitchell Paige (1918-2003), US Marine platoon sergeant, held his position against Japanese forces at Guadalcanal as all his men were killed or wounded, until reinforcements arrived. He received a battlefield commission and later a Medal of Honor. In 1975 he authored the autobiography "A Marine Named Mitch."
    (HN, 10/26/98)(SFC, 11/19/03, p.A29)

1942        Nov 11, US code breakers reported that the Japanese were about to launch a large convoy to resupply US troops and annihilate US forces on Guadalcanal.
    (SFC, 5/26/18, p.C2)

1942        Nov 12, The World War II naval Battle of Guadalcanal began. 21 Japanese Mitsubishi torpedo bombers attacked the cruisers San Francisco and Helena. One plane struck the San Francisco killing 11 men firing at the plane. 11 others were killed elsewhere on the ship. The Allies eventually won a major victory over the Japanese. The battle was described by Ira Wolfert in news reports and his 1943 book "Battle for the Solomons." In 2011 James Hornfischer authored "Neptune's Inferno: The US Navy at Guadalcanal.
    (SFC,11/28/97, p.B8)(AP, 11/12/07)(SFC, 5/26/18, p.C2)

1942        Nov 13, On the 2nd day of the 4-day battle between Japanese and US naval forces off Guadalcanal Island in the Solomon Island chain Rear Adm. Daniel Callaghan, aboard the heavy cruiser San Francisco and Capt. Cassin Young, the ship’s commanding officer, were among 107 men killed. Adm. Norman Scott of the cruiser Atlanta was also killed  by mistaken fire from the San Francisco. The battle was a tactical defeat for the US Navy, but a strategic victory in saving Guadalcanal's Henderson Field. 
    (http://tinyurl.com/y9oj23ew)(SFC, 12/11/12, p.C3)(SSFC, 12/10/17, DB p.54)
1942        Nov 13, An American fleet defeated a Japanese naval force in a clash off Guadalcanal. The five Sullivan brothers, onboard USS Juneau, were all killed in the action. 687 men aboard the Juneau were killed after the ship was torpedoed and sank.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Juneau_%28CL-52%29)(SFC, 6/9/18, p.C2)

1942        Nov 14, American planes sank Japan's battleship Hiei (Heiei). 188 of her crew were lost.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_battleship_Hiei)(SFC, 6/9/18, p.C2)

1942        Dec 31, After five months of battle, Emperor Hirohito allowed the Japanese commanders at Guadalcanal to retreat.
    (HN, 12/31/98)

1943        Jan 5, The Japanese began a planned withdrawal from Guadalcanal.
    (HN, 1/5/99)

1943        Feb 9, The World War II battle of Guadalcanal in the southwest Pacific ended with an Allied victory over Japanese forces.
    (AP, 2/9/08)

1943        Mar 8, Japanese forces attacked American troops on Hill 700 in Bougainville. The battle lasted five days.
    (HN, 3/8/99)

1943        Mar 13, Japanese forces ended their attack on the American troops on Hill 700 in Bougainville.
    (HN, 3/13/99)

1943        Apr 7, US Marine Lt. James Swett (1920-2009), division leader of Squadron 221, shot down 7 Japanese bombers over the Solomon Islands. He was later awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions on this day.
    (SSFC, 1/25/09, p.B3)

1943        Apr 18, Sixteen US P-38s flew 400 miles west from Guadalcanal and spotted two enemy bombers over Bougainville, in the Solomon archipelago. Japan's Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto (59), mastermind of the Pearl Harbor attack, was among 11 men who died in the plane that crashed on land. The Pentagon didn't officially release details of the mission until Sept. 11, 1945, nine days after Japan surrendered.
    (AP, 4/16/18)

1943        Jul 5, In the Solomon Islands more than 730 of the USS Helena's crew of 900 survived its sinking during the Battle of Kula Gulf. A group of 165 spent nearly five days adrift in life rafts, during which some of the injured died, before the sunburned, dehydrated and emaciated men took shelter on Japanese occupied Vella Lavella Island. On March 23, 2018, the wreckage of the Helena was found about a half mile (860m) below the surface of the New Georgia Sound by Paul Allen's R/V Petrel team.
    (AP, 4/18/18)

1943        Jul 29, Lt. Robert Scott (d.1999 at 85) led a platoon on New Georgia in the Central Solomons to capture a hilltop overlooking the Munda Point airstrip. He found himself alone and continued fighting with grenades and his rifle to force an enemy withdrawal. 28 Japanese were found dead from his attack. He received the Medal of Honor in Oct 1944.
    (SFC, 2/12/99, p.A24)   

1943        Aug 2, A Navy patrol torpedo boat, PT-109, commanded by Lt. John F. Kennedy, sank after being sheared in two by the Amagiri, a Japanese destroyer, off the Solomon Islands. Lt. John F. Kennedy, towing an injured sailor, swam to a small island in the Solomon Islands. The night before, his boat, PT-109, had been split in half by the destroyer Amagiri. Kennedy was credited with saving members of the crew. Two members of the crew were killed in the collision in the Blackett Strait off Gizo, the main town of western Solomon Islands. An injured Kennedy and the ship's other survivors clung to the wreckage and swam to a nearby island, where Aaron Kumana and Biuku Gasa found them. The pair rowed 35 miles through enemy-held waters to summon a rescue boat.
    (AP, 8/2/97)(HN, 8/2/98)(AP, 8/30/07)

1943        Aug 5, American forces took the Munda Point airstrip.
    (SFC, 2/12/99, p.A24)

1943        Aug 25, U.S. forces completed the occupation of New Georgia in the Solomon Islands during World War II. Losing Hill 700 to the Japanese meant defeat for the American forces on Bougainville. To the men of the 37th Infantry Division, that was unthinkable.
    (AP, 8/25/97)(HN, 8/25/98)

1943        Oct 6, The Battle at Vella Lavella was fought in the Solomon Islands.
    (MC, 10/6/01)

1943        Oct 18, US bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Islands.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1943        Nov 1, American troops invaded Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
    (HN, 11/1/98)

1943        Nov 2, The Battle of Empress Augusta Bay in Bougainville ended in U.S. Navy victory over Japan.
    (HN, 11/2/98)

1971        Australia joined with New Zealand and 14 independent of self-governing island nations to form the South Pacific Forum. The name was changed in 2000 to Pacific Islands Forum. Member states include: Australia, the Cook Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. Since 2006, associate members territories are New Caledonia and French Polynesia. In 2011 Guam, the Northern Marianas and American Samoa became associate members.
    (Econ, 10/20/07, p.61)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Islands_Forum)(Econ., 2/13/21, p.41)

1975        Sep 1, Bougainville Island announced the formation of the "Republic of the North Solomons," but failed in its bid to secede from Papua New Guinea.
    (WSJ, 3/18/98, p.A14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Bougainville)

1978        Jul 7, The Solomon Islands gained independence from Britain.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(www.worldstatesmen.org/Solomon_Islands.html)

2000        Jun 4, In the Solomon Islands insurgents of the Malaita Eagle Force militia took Prime Minister Bartholemew Ulufa'alua hostage in Honiara. The Malaita Force was fighting the Isatabu force, which was trying to drive thousands of migrants from Malaita off of Guadalcanal.
    (SFC, 6/5/00, p.A9)

2000        Jun 7, In the Solomon Islands Malaita rebels released Prime Minister Bartholomew Ulufa'alu from house arrest and dropped demands that he resign.
    (SFC, 6/8/00, p.C3)

2000        Jun 13, In the Solomon Islands Prime Minister Ulufa'alu resigned prior to a no confidence vote forced by armed rebels.
    (SFC, 6/14/00, p.A13)

2000        Jun 30, In the Solomon Islands Mannasseh Sogavare replaced Bartholomew Ulufa'alu as prime minister.
    (SFC, 7/1/00, p.A13)

2000        Aug 2, In the Solomon Islands warring militias signed a cease-fire on an Australian warship off the capital of Honiara.
    (WSJ, 8/3/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 15, Two rival Solomon Island militia groups signed a peace agreement in Australia.
    (SFC, 10/16/00, p.F8)

2000-2010    More than 54,000 wild birds, including critically endangered species, were laundered through the Solomon islands into the global wildlife trade during this period. In 2012 TRAFFIC, a wildlife group, said Singapore and Malaysia accounted for 93 percent of all birds imported from Solomon Islands.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)

2002        Jul 11, Solomon Islands police reported that 10 men who went in search of a rebel warlord to capture him for a bounty payment had all been killed.
    (AP, 7/11/02)

2002        Dec 29, Cyclone Zoe hit the Solomon Islands' Tikopia, Fataka and Anuta islands, with the eye of the cyclone sweeping over Tikopia. The islanders survived and aid arrived Jan 5.
    (AP, 12/30/02)(AP, 1/5/03)

2003        Jan 20, A powerful earthquake hit the Solomon Islands, causing residents to flee homes and buildings.
    (AP, 1/20/03)

2003        Jun 30, Foreign ministers from 16 South Pacific nations endorsed a plan to send more than 2,000 troops and police to impose civil order in the Solomon Islands. The military component of the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) ended in 2013.
    (AP, 7/3/03)(Econ, 7/20/13, p.39)

2003        Jul 23, In "Operation Helpem Fren" an Australian-led peacekeeping force poured into the Solomon Islands to keep the island chain from slipping deeper into anarchy.
    (AP, 7/24/03)(Econ, 8/9/03, p.34)

2003        Oct 1,  Solomon Islands Foreign Minister Laurie Chan said an Australian-led force has broken the reign of gangsters and warlords terrorizing the Islands, paving the way for the small South Pacific nation to start battling corruption.
    (AP, 10/1/03)

2003        Oct 28, Australia and New Zealand said they will start withdrawing troops from the Solomon Islands, claiming success in a mission to restore law and order.
    (AP, 10/28/03)

2005        Mar 18, Former Solomon Islands warlord Harold Keke and two other men were sentenced to life in prison for the 2002 murder of a Catholic priest.
    (AFP, 3/18/05)

2005        Jul 18, In a program to be screened on ABC TV, the fisheries chief of the Solomon Islands in the South Pacific says Japan poured money into the country in exchange for its support over whaling and cheap access to tuna. Similar charges were made by former officials from the tiny Caribbean nations of Dominica and Grenada.
    (AP, 7/18/05)

2006        Apr 5, In the Solomon Islands former premier Sir Allan Kemakeza narrowly clung to his seat in parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 4/18/06)

2006        Apr 18, Mobs of Solomon Islanders looted stores, torched buildings and cars, and pelted police with stones after lawmakers elected Snyder Rini as the new prime minister. He associated with a previous administration accused of corruption. Seven officers were injured.
    (AP, 4/18/06)
2006        Apr 18, Australia said it will send up to 110 troops to the Solomon Islands to help restore calm after the election of a new prime minister sparked rioting.
    (AP, 4/18/06)

2006        Apr 26, Snyder Rini, the new Solomon Islands prime minister whose election last week sparked two days of rioting and looting in the archipelago's capital, resigned after losing support in Parliament.
    (AP, 4/26/06)

2006        Oct 15, Foreign Minister Alexander Downer said Australia would cut ministerial contacts with its northern neighbor until an investigation was held into the escape from Papua New Guinea of a Solomon Islands official wanted on child sex charges. Julian Moti, now in custody in the Solomons and facing charges of illegal entry, was wanted in Australia on child sex charges involving a 13-year-old girl in Vanuatu in 1997. Moti was deported to Australia in 2007. His case was thrown out in December after the court found that Australian officials had colluded in his illegal deportation.
    (AFP, 10/15/06)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.51)(Econ, 5/19/12, p.49)

2006        Solomon Islands' police chief Shane Castles, an Australian, was sacked and declared an undesirable immigrant after a raid by his police officers on the home of the prime minister. The raid was connected to Australia's pursuit of Julian Moti on child sex charges.
    (Econ, 5/19/12, p.49)

2007        Apr 2, Tsunami waves churned by an undersea earthquake crashed ashore in the Solomon Islands, wiping away entire villages and triggering alerts from Australia to Hawaii. At least 50 people were killed.
    (AP, 4/3/07)(AP, 4/2/08)

2008        Apr 30, It was reported that the value of spinner dolphin teeth in the Solomon Islands has appreciated 400% in the last year from about .065 US cents to 26 US cents. Dolphin teeth have been used there for centuries as currency.
    (WSJ, 4/30/08, p.A1)

2009        May 15, In Indonesia 6 Asia-Pacific countries, meeting at the World Oceans Conference, agreed on a management plan to protect one of the world's largest networks of coral reefs, promising to reduce pollution, eliminate overfishing and improve the livelihoods of impoverished coastal communities. The Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security covered an area defined as the Coral Triangle, which spans Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and East Timor.
    (AP, 5/15/09)

2010        Jan 4, A tsunami unleashed by an earthquake plowed into the Solomon Islands with the crashing waters devastating at least one village, leaving over a thousand people homeless. The US Geological Survey recorded 8 earthquakes in the region since late Jan 3. The magnitude 7.2 was centered 64 miles (103 km) southeast of Gizo, and followed a 6.5 tremor less than two hours earlier centered 54 miles (90 km) southeast of Gizo at a depth of 6 miles (10 km).
    (AP, 1/4/10)(AP, 1/5/10)

2011        Nov 11, Solomon Islands' PM Danny Philip resigned to avoid a no confidence motion following allegations of misappropriation of aid from Taiwan. Gordon Darcy Lilo (b.1965) replaced him on Nov 16.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.45)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gordon_Darcy_Lilo)

2012        May 3, The journal Science reported that a single gene mutation is responsible for the pairing of very dark skin and very blond hair in the Solomon Islands. The findings debunked theories Solomon Islanders got their blond hair from intermarrying with European explorers.
    (AFP, 5/5/12)

2013        Feb 6, A powerful 8.0 earthquake off the Solomon Islands generated a tsunami of up to 1.5 meters (about 5 feet) that damaged dozens of homes and left at least 9 people dead in the South Pacific island chain.
    (AP, 2/6/13)(AP, 2/7/13)

2014        Apr 3, In the Solomon Islands the Mataniko River in the capital, Honiara, burst its banks and flooded low-lying settlements alongside the river. The flash floods killed 14 people and left thousands more homeless.
    (AP, 4/5/14)

2014        Apr 13, A powerful earthquake with a magnitude of 7.5 struck off the Solomon Islands, hours after a 7.6 tremor. No casualties or damages were reported.
    (AFP, 4/13/14)

2014        Nov 19, The Solomon Islands held a general election.
    (Econ, 12/13/14, p.43)

2014        Dec 9, The Solomon Islands parliament made Manasseh Sogavare (b.1955) prime minister.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manasseh_Sogavare)(Econ, 12/13/14, p.43)

2015        Mar 14, Residents in Vanuatu hunkered in emergency shelters for a second straight night after venturing out to find their homes damaged or blown away by Cyclone Pam. 24 people were later confirmed killed with 3,300 left homeless and nearly half the 300,000 population impacted. The cyclone had already caused damage to other Pacific islands, including Kiribati and the Solomon Islands.
    (AP, 3/14/15)(SFC, 3/16/15, p.A2)(Reuters, 3/17/15)(CSM, 3/18/15)(AFP, 5/18/19)

2015        May 23, Japan pledged 55 billion yen ($450 million) in aid to Pacific island nations, including Fiji, the Marshall Islands, the Solomon Islands and others, that are battling rising sea levels and natural calamities as a result of global warming.
    (AP, 5/23/15)

2016        Jun 16, In the Solomon Islands scientists on World Sea Turtle Day tagged hawksbill sea turtles in a key South Pacific breeding ground, hoping that information fed to satellites will help them better understand the endangered species' nesting, feeding and migration patterns.
    (Reuters, 6/16/16)

2016        Dec 9, A 7.8 magnitude earthquake hit the Solomon Islands. A 6.9 magnitude aftershock followed a day later.
    (Reuters, 12/10/16)

2019        Feb 5, In the Solomon Islands the MV Solomon Trader ran aground on a reef off Rennell Island, near the largest raised coral atoll in the world, a UNESCO World Heritage site, and soon began leaking oil. Experts later estimated that over 8 tons of oil had leaked into the sea and that more than 660 tons of oil remained onboard. The ship was refloated on May 11 after leaking a huge amount of oil into the sea.
    (SFC, 3/2/19, p.A2)(AFP, 5/11/19)

2019        Jun 24, The Solomon Islands, one of Taiwan's remaining allies in the Pacific, said it will send a delegation to study Chinese aid in neighboring countries as it considers a potential diplomatic switch to Beijing.
    (Reuters, 6/24/19)

2019        Sep 16, The Solomon Islands became the sixth country to switch allegiance to China since President Tsai Ing-wen took office in Taiwan in 2016. Taiwan accused China of trying to influence its presidential and legislative elections.
    (Reuters, 9/16/19)

2019        Sep 21, China and former Taiwan ally the Solomon Islands established diplomatic ties in a sign of Beijing's growing influence in the Pacific that has angered Washington, with a top Chinese diplomat saying the time was almost up for the rest of Taiwan's friends.
    (Reuters, 9/21/19)

2019        Sep, The island of Tulagi in Solomon Islands signed a deal with a Beijing-based company for exclusive development rights for the entire island and its surroundings.
    (SFC, 10/17, p.A4)

2020        Apr 3, In the Solomon Islands the MV Taimareho ferry lost dozens of passengers while crossing Iron Bottom Bay in rough seas caused by Cyclone Harold.
    (SFC, 4/4/20, p.A2)

2020        Apr 6, Cyclone Harold made landfall on the largest island in Vanuatu, Espiritu Santo before hitting the Solomon Islands, Fiji and Tonga. The storm left more than two dozen people dead, and destroyed homes, buildings and crops in the four countries.
    (AP, 4/14/20)

2020        Sep 20, In the Solomon Islands two men working to locate bombs left behind from WWII died after one bomb exploded at their aid project in Honiara.
    (SFC, 9/22/20, p.A2)

2021        Nov 25, Australia announced it is sending police, troops and diplomats to the Solomon Islands to help after anti-government demonstrators defied lockdown orders and took to the streets for a second day in violent protests.
    (AP, 11/25/21)

2021        Nov 26, In the Solomon Islands more than a hundred people looted shops, before Australian Federal Police officers arrived. Australian police began taking control of hotspots following three days of violent protests in the South Pacific island nation. Police found three bodies in a burned-out building, as police made more than a hundred arrests following rioting in Honiara in the past several days.
    (Reuters, 11/26/21)(Reuters, 11/27/21)

2021        Dec 6, Solomon Islands PM Manasseh Sogavare survived a no-confidence motion in parliament after accusing the Pacific island nation's most populous province of being "Taiwan's agent" and anti-government protesters of attempting a coup.
    (Reuters, 12/6/21)

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