Timeline - Suriname

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Suriname, about the size of the US state of Georgia, is located in Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana. The capital is Paramaribo, which contained most of the country’s residents.
    (AP, 8/30/10)

100Mil BC-84Mil BC    During this period of the Cretaceous temperatures rose to 38 degrees in the tropical waters off Suriname, compare to 26-28 degrees in 2006.
    (Econ, 2/25/06, p.82)

1667        Jul 21, The Peace of Breda ended the Second Anglo-Dutch War and ceded Dutch New Amsterdam to the English. The South American country of Surinam, formerly Dutch Guiana,  including the nutmeg island of Run was ceded by England to the Dutch in exchange for New York in 1667 after the second Anglo-Dutch War.
    (WUD, 1994, p.961)(HN, 7/21/98)(HNQ, 8/21/98)(WSJ, 5/21/99, p.W7)
1705        Sibylla Merian made drawings of the insects of Suriname.
    (WSJ, 5/29/01, p.A20)

1718        Dutch planters introduced coffee to their Suriname colony.
    (ON, 10/2010, p.12)

1835        The wooden Neve Shalom synagogue was built in Suriname.
    (SSFC, 12/7/08, p.E5)

1863        Jul 1, The Dutch abolished slavery in Suriname. The Dutch were among the last Europeans to abolish slavery.
    (AP, 7/2/03)

1873        Some 400 Hindustani laborers arrived in Suriname. The Hindu festival, known as Diwali (the festival of lights), later became officially observed on Nov 3.
    (SSFC, 10/27/13, p.N4)(http://tinyurl.com/o34hcdr)

1885        Mar 20, John Matzeliger of Suriname patented a shoe lacing machine.
    (MC, 3/20/02)

1889        Aug 24, Jan E. Matzeliger, Suriname inventor (shoe lacing machine), died.
    (MC, 8/24/02)

1908        May 9, Dirk Fock became governor of Suriname.
    (MC, 5/9/02)

1941        Nov 23, U.S. troops moved into Dutch Guiana to guard the bauxite mines.
    (HN, 11/23/98)

1942        Mar 1, Suriname camp for NSB people opened to save Jews.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1952        May 29, A 2nd Round Conference between Dutch Antilles and Suriname ended.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1954        Dec 15, With the proclamation of the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Netherlands Antilles attained equal status with the Netherlands proper and Suriname in the overarching Kingdom of the Netherlands.
    (SSFC, 10/9/11, p.C3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cura%C3%A7ao_and_Dependencies)

1975        Nov 25, Suriname gained Independence from the Netherlands and adopted a new flag.
    (SFC, 9/6/96, p.A14)( http://flagspot.net/flags/sr.html)

1978        Jul 3, The Amazon Pact was established. Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela signed the Amazon Pact, a Brazilian initiative designed to coordinate the joint development of the Amazon Basin.

1980        Feb 25, A military coup took place in Suriname. Desi Bouterse seized control of Suriname five years after the country gained independence from the Netherlands. He stepped down in 1987 under international pressure but briefly seized power again in 1990.
    (www.surinam.net/historical.html)(AP, 7/5/08)

1980-1989    Bauxite prices dropped in the 1980s. For Suriname it had provided nearly 60% of export earnings.
    (WSJ, 4/15/97, p.A9)

1982        Dec 7, In Suriname 15 politicians, journalists, union leaders, lawyers and soldiers, were rounded up and slain in a hundreds-year-old fort in Paramaribo. In 2007 Desire Bouterse, the former dictator, faced trial for the murders. In 2008 a military tribunal in Suriname ruled that those accused of a 1982 massacre, including the country's former dictator, must stand trial.
    (AP, 3/12/07)(WSJ, 10/8/07, p.A6)(AP, 4/5/08)

1986        Nov 29, In Suriname 39 people were massacred in the village of Moiwana by the military dictatorship. Desi Bouterse was fighting an armed opposition force called the Jungle Commandos. Many of the rebels were Maroons, as was the group's leader, Ronnie Brunswijk. In 2006 the government officially apologized and compensated relatives and victims of the massacre.
    (AP, 7/16/06)

1987        In Suriname Desi Bouterse was forced by international pressure to give up power and allow the return of a democratically elected government.
    (AP, 7/16/06)

1989        Jun 7, A Suriname Airways airplane crashed in a tropical forest near the Paramaribo airport killing 169 people.
    (AP, 6/7/99)

1990        In Suriname Desi Bouterse launched a second coup.
    (AP, 3/20/12)

1993        Apr, Desi Bouterse quit as head of Suriname’s armed forces.
    (WSJ, 10/8/07, p.A6)(www.world66.com/southamerica/suriname/history)

1995        Suriname joined Caricom.
    (Econ, 2/12/05, p.37)

1996        Sep 5, In Suriname Jules Wijdenbosch, backed by former military strongman Desi Bouterse, defeated Pres. Ronald Venetiaan in a close runoff.
    (SFC, 9/6.96, p.A14)

1997        Mar 22, It was reported that thousands of people were investing in a high-risk investment fund paying returns of 120%. Operators Roep Ramtahalsingh and Henk MacDonald denied that the enterprise was a pyramid scheme.
    (SFC, 3/22/97, p.A11)

1998        Jun 17, Four million acres of rain forest was dedicated as the Suriname Wilderness Nature Reserve.
    (SFC, 6/18/98, p.A20)

1999        Desi Bouterse, former coup leader in Suriname, was convicted of drug trafficking in absentia in the Netherlands. Prosecutors said he was the leader of the "Suri Cartel," and was sentenced to 11 years in prison. He avoided that punishment because Suriname doesn't have an extradition treaty with its former colonial ruler.
    (AP, 8/12/10)

2002        Aug, Prosecutors in Suriname charged Dino Bouterse with stealing 50 guns from the government intelligence service. Police at the time accused Bouterse of fleeing to Curacao to avoid arrest, although his father said Bouterse had traveled there for personal business. The father Desi Bouterse, a former coup leader and convicted drug trafficker, was elected president of Suriname in July 2010.
    (AP, 8/31/13)

2002        Nov 29, A gold mining operation owned by a Canadian company plans to begin constructing a $97 million mine early next year on a mining concession in Suriname's interior.
    (AP, 11/29/02)

2004        Sep 8, Police in Suriname arrested six people and seized a large stash of weapons, uncovering what they said was an arms-for-cocaine smuggling operation.
    (AP, 9/9/04)

2005        May 25, In Suriname Pres. Venetiaan faced an electoral challenge from former dictator, Desi Bouterse, a convicted cocaine smuggler and military strongman, whose victory would threaten millions of dollars in promised aid from the Netherlands.
    (AP, 5/25/05)

2005        May 26, Suriname's ruling coalition survived an election challenge from a former dictator. But former dictator Desi Bouterse's National Democratic Party more than doubled its seats in the National Assembly.
    (AP, 5/26/05)

2005        Jul 18, Suriname's parliament was deadlocked over choosing a new president, with no candidate securing the two-thirds majority needed to become the leader.
    (AP, 7/19/05)

2005        Aug 3, Suriname's president Ronald Venetiaan easily won re-election in a vote by an assembly of regional councils, ending a heated battle that had left the South American country's leadership in limbo for more than two months.
    (AP, 8/3/05)

2005        Aug 11, A judge in Suriname convicted the son of a former dictator of leading a ring that trafficked in cocaine, illegal arms and stolen luxury cars, sentencing him to 8 years in prison.
    (AP, 8/11/05)

2005        Aug 12, Suriname's Pres. Ronald Venetiaan (69) was inaugurated to a second term, calling for national unity following elections that weakened his government's hold on Parliament and swelled the ranks of a party led by a former dictator.
    (AP, 8/12/05)

2005        Sep 6, Nine countries: Antigua, Belize, Grenada, Guyana, Dominica, Suriname, St. Kitts, St. Vincent and the Dominican Republic, signed oil deals with Venezuela in Jamaica. Cuba and Jamaica had previously signed. Chavez urged Caribbean governments to consider Cuba-style socialism as an alternative to capitalism.
    (AP, 9/11/05)

2005        Suriname had under 500,000 inhabitants, who shared over 15 languages.
    (Econ, 2/12/05, p.37)(SSFC, 12/7/08, p.E5)

2006        Jan, Suriname’s Trade Minister Siegfried Gilds stepped down after prosecutors named him a suspect in a money laundering investigation. In 2007 he stood trial on charges of money laundering and participating in a criminal organization.
    (AP, 3/13/07)

2006        May 11, Officials in Suriname said floods caused by days of rain have killed three people and left up to 22,000 others homeless along riverbanks of the remote central lowlands.
    (AP, 5/11/06)

2006        Jun 20, A US Embassy spokesman said the United States has asked Suriname to extradite a Guyanese man wanted on drug charges in New York. Shaheed Khan was arrested June 15 by authorities in Suriname.
    (AP, 6/21/06)

2006        Oct 5, In Suriname a homeless man was slain by an ax-wielding assailant in Paramaribo. It was the 4th killing this year of homeless men while they slept on the streets of Suriname's capital. Police wondered if a serial killer is on the loose.
    (AP, 10/6/06)

2006        The population of Suriname was 439,000 people.
    (AP, 10/6/06)
2006        In Suriname 5 homeless people were slain in just nine months this year spreading alarm across the little country.
    (AP, 2/8/14)

2007        Mar 12, In Suriname Desi Bouterse, a former military dictator, offered his first public apology for the 1982 killings of 15 critics of his military regime, saying he accepted political responsibility for the deaths but denied involvement.
    (AP, 3/12/07)

2007        Mar 13, Alice Amafo, Suriname's youngest-ever Cabinet member, resigned amid reports she used thousands of dollars in government funds to pay for her 30th birthday party.
    (AP, 3/13/07)

2007        Jun 4, Scientists said a frog with fluorescent purple markings and 12 kinds of dung beetles were among two dozen new species discovered in the remote plateaus of eastern Suriname.
    (AP, 6/4/07)

2007        Sep 20, A UN decision awarded Guyana, rather than Suriname, most of a disputed area of coastal Atlantic Ocean, which may hold a large amount of undiscovered oil.
    (Econ, 9/29/07, p.44)

2008        Apr 3, In Suriname a twin-engine Antonov-AN28, operated by Surinamese carrier Blue Wing airlines, crashed on approach to an airstrip in the Benzdorp mining region, near the country's border with French Guiana. All 19 aboard were killed. Blue Wing, which has operated since 2002, was barred from landing at European airports in June 2006 after French aviation officials found safety deficiencies during an inspection of planes. The airline was removed from the blacklist in 2007 after a commission said the company had resolved the issues.
    (AP, 4/4/08)

2008        May 23, In Brazil 12 South American leaders gathered in Brasilia to set up the Union of South American Nations. UNASUR was expected to replace the South American Community, declared in 2004, and unite the Mercosur and Andean Community free trade areas. Members included Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UNASUR_Constitutive_Treaty)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.41)

2008        Jul 24, In Suriname a boy (12) stabbed and killed a 9-year-old girl in front of her classmates and teacher at a rural elementary school.
    (AP, 7/25/08)

2008        The population of Suriname numbered about 480,000.
    (SSFC, 12/7/08, p.E5)

2009        Apr 19, The annual Goldman Environmental Prize was awarded to 7 activists from 6 nations. Rizwana Hasan (40) of Bangladesh was awarded for exposing environmental damage and exploitative practices used in the country’s ship dismantling industry; Marc Ona Essangui (45) of Gabon, the founder of Brainforest, was awarded for exposing secret agreements for a Chinese mine project that threatened Gabon’s rain forests; Yuyun Ismawati of Indonesia was awarded for designing environmentally safe waste management systems for poor Indonesia n communities; Olga Speranskaya (46) of Eco-Accord in Russia was awarded for her efforts to control and store chemicals in Russia and former Soviet republics; Wanze Eduards (52) and Hugo Jabini (44) of Suriname, leaders of the maroon community, were awarded for their efforts that led to a landmark ruling ending tribal exploitation by the government. Maria Gunnoe (40) of West Virginia was awarded for her fight against the practice of removing of the tops of mountains and filing valleys below with tailings.
    (SSFC, 4/19/09, p.A18)

2009        Dec 24, In Suriname rioting and attacks began against migrant workers leaving at least seven foreign migrants dead, hundreds more homeless and a border town in ashes. The riots in Albina began after a Brazilian allegedly stabbed a local man to death and have made the area uninhabitable for an estimated 300 people who fled.
    (AP, 12/27/09)

2009        Dec 28, Police in Suriname arrested 15 more suspects as they searched for anti-migrant rioters accused of rape, arson and looting in an explosion of violence that sent hundreds fleeing for their lives from a border town.
    (AP, 12/28/09)

2010        May 25, Suriname held elections. The political party of former dictator Desi Bouterse (64) was the biggest winner, as the convicted drug trafficker mounted a political comeback despite facing trial for the execution of 15 opponents in the 1980s. Bouterse's party captured 40 percent of the popular vote and 23 seats in parliament with a populist campaign that featured pledges to build more houses and increase social security spending.
    (AP, 5/26/10)(AP, 8/12/10)

2010        Jun 3, Suriname's former dictator and the man who led a rebel army against his military regime agreed to form a coalition government, uniting two adversaries with little in common beyond matching drug-trafficking convictions in the Netherlands.
    (AP, 6/3/10)

2010        Jul 19, In Suriname former dictator Desi Bouterse was elected president by parliament, following weeks of jostling by opponents who sought to stop a convicted drug trafficker and ex-strongman accused of killing political opponents from returning to power. The next day Bouterse said through a spokesman that he will not interfere in his ongoing trial for the massacre of 15 political opponents during his military regime.
    (AP, 7/19/10)(AP, 7/21/10)(Econ, 11/23/13, p.40)

2010        Aug 12, In Suriname Desi Bouterse (64), a former coup leader, convicted drug trafficker and accused murderer, was sworn in as president.
    (AP, 8/12/10)

2010        Suriname numbered about 500,000 people. Satellite analysis of scarred earth and diverted waterways showed that miners have deforested at least 30,000 hectares (74,000 acres) and damaged more than 2,200 km (1,370 miles) of river over the past decade.
    (AP, 8/30/10)

2011        Feb 1, Suriname’s President Desi Bouterse expressed his country's support for Palestinian national rights and the establishment of an independent Palestinian state, the latest Latin American country to do so.

2012        Apr 4, Suriname granted amnesty to President Desi Bouterse for crimes committed under his earlier military dictatorship.
    (AP, 4/5/12)(Econ, 6/9/12, p.42)

2012        Apr 5, Dutch PM Mark Rutte denounced Suriname's decision to grant amnesty to President Desi Bouterse for crimes committed under his earlier military dictatorship as "totally unacceptable" and recalled the country's ambassador from its former colony in protest.
    (AP, 4/4/12)

2013        Aug 30, In Puerto Rico Dino Bouterse, the son of the president of the South American country of Suriname, was arrested on US drug charges.
    (AP, 8/30/13)
2013        Aug 30, Paraguay was welcomed back into a group of South American nations known as UNASUR meeting in Suriname.
    (AP, 8/30/13)

2013        Nov 8, , US prosecutors said a son of Suriname's president invited people he thought were from the Lebanese paramilitary group Hezbollah to set up a base in his country to attack Americans in exchange for millions of US dollars.
    (Reuters, 11/8/13)

2014        Nov 27, Guyana officials said five local men were lured to neighboring Suriname with promises of good wages, but ended up working in slave-like conditions. The men managed to escape to Suriname's coastal capital and alerted police.
    (AP, 11/27/14)

2015        May 25, Suriname held general parliamentary elections. Unofficial results gave the NDP 26 seats, a small margin of the majority in the 51-seat National Assembly. The National Democratic Party, led by president Desi Bouterse (69), disputed results in several districts of the capital. A recount was set for May 31.
    (AFP, 5/30/15)

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