Return to home
The Tonga archipelago is 1245 miles northeast of
New Zealand. It is composed of 171 islands and islets in 3 main
groups named: Tongatapu, Haíapai, and Vavaíu.
¬†¬†¬† (SFEC, 5/28/00, p.T10)
Methodist missionaries arrived from Australia.
¬†¬†¬† (SFEC, 5/28/00, p.T10)
1875¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Taufaíahau Tupou authored
a constitution for Tonga.
¬†¬†¬† (SSFC, 6/16/02, p.A18)
1875¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† The kingdom of Tonga
adopted a constitution written by a Methodist missionary. It
declared that the Sabboth is forever sacred.
¬†¬†¬† (WSJ, 7/20/95, p. a-10)
1900¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† May 18, Britain proclaimed
a protectorate over kingdom of Tonga.
¬†¬†¬† (SC, 5/18/02)
1918¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Jul 4, Taufaíahau Tupou
IV, king of Tonga (1965-2006), was born.
1965¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Dec 16, Taufaíahau Tupou
IV (1918-2006) became king of Tonga following the death of his
mother Queen Salote Tupou III.
¬†¬†¬† (SSFC, 6/16/02,
1966¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† May 19, A tortoise,
reportedly given to Tonga's King by Capt. Cook in 1773), died.
¬†¬†¬† (MC, 5/19/02)
1970¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† The South Pacific islands
of Tonga gained independence from Britain.
¬†¬†¬† (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)
1971¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Australia joined with New
Zealand and 14 independent of self-governing island nations to form
the South Pacific Forum. The name was changed in 2000 to Pacific
Islands Forum. Member states include: Australia, the Cook Islands,
the Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, the Marshall
Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa,
the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. Since 2006,
associate members territories are New Caledonia and French
Polynesia. In 2011 Guam, the Northern Marianas and American Samoa
became associate members.
¬†¬†¬† (Econ, 10/20/07,
1971¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Michael Oliver, a Las
Vegas-based libertarian activist, created the Republic of Minerva by
dumping sand on the Minerva Reefs 310 miles southwest of Tonga. He
proclaimed independence in 1972, but Tonga annexed the place and it
¬†¬†¬† (Econ, 12/24/05, p.84)
1976¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Oct 14, Deborah Gardner
(23) was stabbed (22 times) to death in Tonga by Dennis Priven (24),
a fellow Peace Corps volunteer. In 2004 Philip Weiss authored
ďAmerican Taboo: A Murder in the Peace Corps.Ē
1997¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Jun 6, Eric Lyons and Eric
Gullichsen went live with an automated web site that allowed people
to register Web sites with the .to domain, the country-code letters
¬†¬†¬† (WSJ, 12/8/97, p.B21E)
1998¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Dec 27, In Tonga Cyclone
Cora hit the islands and destroyed all the banana trees.
¬†¬†¬† (SFC, 12/28/98, p.B1)
2000¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† May, King TaufaíahauTupou
IV (81) served as the monarch. His work included efforts to put his
people on a national diet.
¬†¬†¬† (SFEC, 5/28/00, p.T10)(SFC, 7/13/01, p.A16)
2002¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Jun 3, King Taufaíahau
Tupou IV filed suit against Millennium Asset Management and Jesse
Bogdonoff for the loss of some $26 million.
¬†¬†¬† (SSFC, 6/16/02, p.A18)
2004¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Apr, the royal Tongan
¬†¬†¬† (Econ, 10/2/04, p.44)
2004¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Tongaís King Tupou IV
(1918-2006) announced that he would henceforth include people's
representatives in the 12-member appointed cabinet.
2005¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† In Tonga popularly elected
politicians joined the royal government for the 1st time.
¬†¬†¬† (Econ, 5/3/08, p.52)
2006¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Mar 31, In Tonga Dr. Fred
Sevele agreed to serve as PM, making him the first commoner to lead
the government in living memory.
2006¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Jul 5, Prince Tu'ipelehake
(56), a Tongan prince known for promoting political reform in his
South Pacific island nation, died in a car crash along with his
wife, Princess Kaimana (46) and driver Vinisia Hefa when a teenage
driver, Edith Delgado (18), slammed into them on Highway 101 in
Menlo Park, Ca. In 2007 Delgado was sentenced to 2 years in jail and
3 years probation.
¬†¬†¬† (AP, 7/7/06)(SFC, 7/7/06, p.B3)(SFC, 11/6/08,
2006¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Sep 10, Taufaíahau Tupou
IV (b.1918), King of Tonga, died in New Zealand. He was the son of
Queen Salote Tupou III and her consort Prince Tungi, and served as
the King of Tonga from the death of his mother in 1965.
¬†¬†¬† (WSJ, 9/11/06,
2006¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Sep, King George Tupou V
became king of Tonga.
¬†¬†¬† (Econ, 3/17/07, p.47)
2006¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Nov 16, In Tonga youths
infuriated by a lack of political reform attacked the prime
minister's offices and other government buildings, smashing windows,
looting shops and setting fires in Nukuíalofa, the capital of this
near-feudal South Pacific kingdom. 8 people were killed and some
four-fifths of the commercial district was destroyed.
¬†¬†¬† (AP, 11/16/06)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.42)
2006¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Nov 18, Soldiers and
police from New Zealand arrived in the Tongan capital to help
restore order after mobs demanding democratic reforms destroyed much
of the capital in unprecedented rioting that left at least eight
¬†¬†¬† (AP, 11/18/06)
2006¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Dec 14, Tonga police said
they have arrested more than 700 people in connection with a deadly
riot that destroyed most of Tonga's capital in November.
¬†¬†¬† (AP, 12/14/06)
2008¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Apr 24, Elections were
held in Tonga as part of its transition to full democracy. The
population numbered about 108,000.
¬†¬†¬† (Econ, 5/3/08, p.52)
2008¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Jul 29, Tongaís King
George Tupou V announced he was ceding most of his executive powers
to the democratically elected parliament.
¬†¬†¬† (SFC, 3/20/12, p.C5)
2008¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Aug 1, King George Tupou V
was crowned King of Tonga. His elaborate 5-day coronation cost some
¬†¬†¬† (Econ, 8/9/08, p.42)(SFC, 3/20/12, p.C5)
2009¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Aug 6, Rescue workers
searched for missing people after the Princess Ashika ferry,
carrying 149 passengers and crew, sank overnight off the coast of
Tonga. 93 people were missing and feared dead.
¬†¬†¬† (SFC, 8/6/09, p.A2)(AP, 8/9/09)
2009¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Sep 29, A magnitude
8.0-8.3 earthquake struck about 120 miles south of the islands of
Samoa, population about 180,000 people, and American Samoa, a US
territory of 65,000. Four tsunami waves 15 to 20 feet (4 to 6
meters) high roared ashore on American Samoa, reaching up to a mile
(1.5km) inland. At least 142 were killed in Samoa and at least 32 on
American Samoa and leaving dozens missing. Authorities in Tonga,
south of the Samoas, confirmed at least 9 dead. In 2010 new research
indicated that 2 great earthquakes caused the tsunami.
¬†¬†¬† (AP, 9/30/09)(AFP, 10/1/09)(AP, 10/5/09)(SSFC,
10/11/09, p.A14)(SFC, 8/19/10, p.A2)
2009¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Nov, In Tonga Supreme
Court judge Robert Shuster sentenced 2 boys, who had escaped from
prison and stolen food, to 13 years in prison and six lashes from a
"cat-o-nine-tails" whip at a hearing that only just come to light in
February 2010. The 2 teenagers appealed the court ruling ordering
them to be whipped, with supporters calling the punishment inhumane
and a form of torture.
¬†¬†¬† (AP, 2/18/10)
2010¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Feb 15, Cyclone Rene
battered Tonga with powerful winds, cutting phone links, ripping off
roofs and downing power lines in the South Pacific island nation.
¬†¬†¬† (AP, 2/15/10)
2010¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Dec 21, In Tonga Noble
Lord Tuíivakano won a secret ballot among lawmakers to become the
countryís first prime minister elected by parliament rather than
appointed by King George Tupou V.
¬†¬†¬† (SFC, 12/21/10, p.A2)
2011¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Oct 21, A 7.6 earthquake
struck off the coast of Tonga, but there were no immediate reports
of damage or injuries.
¬†¬†¬† (SFC, 10/22/11, p.A2)
2012¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Mar 18, The king of Tonga
George Tupou V (63), who brought democracy to the impoverished South
Pacific island nation, died in Hong Kong. Next in line was his
younger brother, Crown Prince Tupoutoía Lavaka Ata.
¬†¬†¬† (AFP, 3/18/12)(Econ, 3/24/12, p.43)
2013¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Nov 7, Chinaís Vice
Premier Wang Yang said China will provide a concessionary loan of up
to $1 billion to Pacific island nations to support construction
projects in a part of the world where Beijing and Taiwan compete for
influence. He made the announcement at a forum with Pacific island
nations in Guangzhou at a meeting attended by representatives from
Micronesia, Samoa, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, the Cook Islands,
Tonga, Niue and Fiji.
¬†¬†¬† (Reuters, 11/8/13)
2014¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Jan 11, Tonga declared a
state of emergency in some parts as powerful Cyclone Ian slammed
into the South Pacific island nation. At least one person was
¬†¬†¬† (AFP, 1/11/14)(AP, 1/12/14)
2014¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Dec, A volcanic eruption
began in the Tonga archipelago creating the areaís 177th island.
¬†¬†¬† (Econ, 1/31/15, p.52)
2016¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Jan 2, Tonga was raked by
Category-2 Cyclone Ula with widespread damage.
¬†¬†¬† (http://tinyurl.com/hoj775m)(SSFC, 1/10/16,
2016¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Feb 5, The South Pacific
kingdom of Tonga said it has a Zika epidemic after five people
tested positive for the virus and another 265 are suspected of
¬†¬†¬† (AP, 2/5/16)
2016¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Apr 16, A 6.1 magnitude
quake struck southeast of the Pacific island nation of Tonga, with
no immediate reports of damage.
¬†¬†¬† (Reuters, 4/17/16)
2016¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Jul, In Tonga Patricia
Linne Kearney was found beaten to death. Her husband US citizen Dean
Jay Fletcher, accused of the murder, escaped from jail and made his
way to American Samoa where he was arrested and sent to Honolulu.
¬†¬†¬† (AP, 12/31/16)¬†¬†¬†
2016¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Aug 12, A strong
earthquake with a magnitude of 6.1 struck about 460 km (290 miles)
southwest of the South Pacific island nation of Tonga.
¬†¬†¬† (Reuters, 8/12/16)
2018¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Feb 12, Cyclone Gita it
hit Tongaís main island late today just south of the capital,
Nuku'alofa. The cyclone destroyed homes, churches and even the
nation's historic Parliament House.
¬†¬†¬† (AP, 2/14/18)
2018¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Feb 13, The Pacific nation
of Tonga began cleaning up damage from Cyclone Gita that destroyed
its Parliament House, as well as homes and churches, and was
intensifying as it headed toward nearby Fiji.
¬†¬†¬† (AP, 2/13/18)
2018¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Aug 20, China said it will
continue to provide aid to Tonga and other countries in the Pacific
to help them achieve sustainable development, amid a mounting debt
problem in the region.
¬†¬†¬† (Reuters, 8/20/18)
2019¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Jan 20, Tonga lost
internet contact after something went wrong with a fiber optic cable
that connects it to the rest of the world. A small internet company
that uses satellites soon stepped in to help restore int'l. calls
and some other services.
¬†¬†¬† (SFC, 1/24/19, p.A2)
2020¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Jan 10, The United Nations
said seven countries -- Lebanon, Yemen, Venezuela, Central African
Republic, Gambia, Lesotho and Tonga -- have fallen behind in their
financial contributions and would not be able to in the 74th session
of the General Assembly.
¬†¬†¬† (AFP, 1/11/20)
2020¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Apr 6, Cyclone Harold made
landfall on the largest island in Vanuatu, Espiritu Santo before
hitting the Solomon Islands, Fiji and Tonga. The storm left more
than two dozen people dead, and destroyed homes, buildings and crops
in the four countries.
¬†¬†¬† (AP, 4/14/20)
2021¬†¬†¬† ¬†¬†¬† Nov 1, Tonga said its main
island will go into lockdown for a week after the South Pacific
nation reported its first case of the coronavirus. A traveler
arriving from New Zealand had tested positive and isolated at a
¬†¬†¬† (AP, 11/1/21)
Subject = Tonga
End of file