Today in History - June 13

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40AD        Jun 13, Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman general and governor of Britain, was born. He conquered Wales and Northern England. [WUD says 37-93AD]
    (WUD, 1994, p.29)(MC, 6/13/02)

1415        Jun 13, Henry the Navigator, the prince of Portugal, embarked on an expedition to Africa. This marked the beginning of Portuguese dominance of West Africa.
    (HN, 6/13/98)

1752        Jun 13, Fanny Burney, English writer, was born.
    (HN, 6/13/01)

1774        Jun 13, Rhode Island became the 1st colony to prohibit importation of slaves.
    (MC, 6/13/02)

1777        Jun 13, Marquis de Lafayette landed in the United States to assist the colonies in their war against England.
    (HN, 6/13/99)

1786        Jun 13, Winfield Scott, U.S. Army general famous for his victories in the War of 1812 and the War with Mexico, was born.
    (HN, 6/13/98)

1798        Jun 13, Mission San Luis Rey [in California] was founded.
    (HFA, '96, p.32)

1828        Jun 13, Simon Bolivar (1783-1830) was proclaimed dictator (Colombia).
    (MC, 6/13/02)

1831        Jun 13, James Clerk Maxwell (d.1879), Scottish physicist, was born. He showed that electrical, magnetic and optical phenomena were all united in a single universal force, electromagnetism, and formulated electromagnetic theory,
    (V.D.-H.K.p.269)(HN, 6/13/98)

1855        Jun 13, Verdi's opera "Les Vepres Sicilenne" was produced (Paris).
    (MC, 6/13/02)

1863        Jun 13, Confederate forces on their way to Gettysburg clashed with Union troops at the Second Battle of Winchester, Virginia.
    (HN, 6/13/98)

1865        Jun 13, William Butler Yeats (d.1939), Irish poet and playwright, was born to an Anglo-Irish family in a Dublin suburb. He is best remembered for his poems "Byzantium" and "Easter 1916." He won the Nobel Prize in 1923. The first volume of his autobiography was "Reveries Over Childhood and Youth" (1915). Richard Ellman published a biography in 1948. The book "W.B. Yeats: A Life, Vol. 1: The Apprentice Mage 1865-1914," by R.F. Foster covered this period of Yeats’ life. "The Lake Isle of Innisfree" is his best known poem. "Too long a sacrifice / Can make a stone of the heart. / O when may it suffice?"
    (V.D.-H.K.p.365)(WSJ, 4/2397, p.A1)(AP, 4/29/98)(HN, 6/13/98)(SFEC, 8/8/99, p.T6)(MC, 6/13/02)

1886        Jun 13, King Ludwig II (40), King of Bavaria, drowned in Lake Starnberg. Bavarian leaders had conspired to remove Ludvig II from office and got a doctor, who never saw him, to declare him insane. He was captured and taken to a mansion on Lake Starnberg where he was found floating dead with his doctor. In 1996 Greg King authored "The Mad King."
    (AP, 6/13/97)(SFEC, 4/9/00, p.T5)
1886        Jun 13, A swift fire destroyed Vancouver, Canada, in a time variously reported between twenty and forty-five minutes. At least eight people died, and some accounts claim 28. About 1,000 wooden buildings, virtually the entire city, were totally consumed.
    (Econ, 6/11/11, p.42)(

1888        Jun 13, The US Congress created the Department of Labor.
    (AP, 6/13/97)

1892        Jun 13, Basil Rathbone, actor (Sherlock Holmes), was born in Johannesburg, South Africa.
    (MC, 6/13/02)

1893        Jun 13, Dorothy Leigh Sayers (d.1957), English detective writer, creator of Lord Peter Wimsey, was born. "The worst sin -- perhaps the only sin -- passion can commit, is to be joyless."
    (AP, 5/17/97)(HN, 6/13/01)

1894        Jun 13, Mark Van Doren (d.1972), American poet, writer and educator, was born. "There are two statements about human beings that are true: that all human beings are alike, and that all are different. On those two facts all human wisdom is founded."
    (AP, 5/30/00)(HN, 6/13/01)

1898        Jun 13, The Yukon Territory of Canada was organized.
    (AP, 6/13/97)

1900        Jun 13, China's Boxer Rebellion against foreigners and Chinese Christians erupted into violence.
    (AP, 6/13/97)

1903        Jun 13, Harold "Red" Grange, football's Galloping Ghost, was born. He became an All-American football running back for the University of Illinois and went on to a professional career in Chicago and New York.
    (HN, 6/13/99)

1908        Jun 13, Swimmer F. Riehl demonstrated a kite attached to himself before the crew of the battleship Connecticut in the SF Bay. It carried him through the water for more than half a mile.
    (SSFC, 6/8/08, DB p.58)

1911        Jun 13, Luis W. Alvarez (d.1988), physicist (Nobel-1968), was born in SF, Ca.
    (MC, 6/13/02)(

1913        Jun 13, Ralph Edwards (d.2005), radio and TV host (This is Your Life), was born in Merino, Colo.
    (, 11/17/05, p.B5)

1917        Jun 13, Germany bombed London.
    (MC, 6/13/02)

1920        Jun 13, The U.S. Post Office Department ruled that children may not be sent by parcel post.
    (HN, 6/13/98)

1923        Jun 13, The French set a trade barrier between the occupied Ruhr and the rest of Germany.
    (HN, 6/13/98)

1927        Jun 13, Charles Lindbergh received the Flying Cross and was treated to a ticker tape parade in New York City to celebrate his successful crossing of the Atlantic.
    (AP, 6/13/97)(HN, 6/13/98)

1928        Jun 13, John Forbes Nash, Jr. American mathematician, was born in West Virginia. He shared the 1994 Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences (also called the Nobel Prize in Economics) with two other game theorists, Reinhard Selten and John Harsanyi.

1931        Jun 13, Santiago Rusinol (b.1861), Spanish Catalan post-impressionist painter, author, and playwright., died.

1933        Jun 13, US Congress passed the Home Owners Refinancing Act, which authorized the Home Owners’ Loan Corporation. Large infusions of US federal cash into institutions through the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, chartered under Pres. Hoover in 1932, and to households through the Home Owners’ Loan Corporation, began a recovery out of the Great Depression. This was noted in a 1983 paper by later Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke.
    (, 9/27/08, p.82)
1933        Jun 13, German Secret State Police (Gestapo) was established.
    (MC, 6/13/02)

1935        Jun 13, James J. Braddock claimed the title of world heavyweight boxing champion from Max Baer in a 15-round fight in Long Island City, N.Y. In 2005 Jeremy Schaap authored “Cinderella Man: James J. Braddock, Max Baer, and the Greatest Upset in boxing History." Braddock soon lost his title to Joe Louis.
    (Econ, 5/7/05, p.79)(AP, 6/13/05)

1937        Jun 13, Stalin executed Russian officers Tuchachevski, Jakir, Putna & Uberevitch.
    (MC, 6/13/02)

1940        Jun 13, Paris was evacuated before the German advance on the city.
    (HN, 6/13/98)

1941        Jun 13, Thousands of Jewish community leaders in Bessarabia (Moldova) were deported to Siberia as part of the general purge. The Soviet Union, which had occupied the former Romanian province a year earlier, loaded 22,600 Moldovans on cargo trains bound for Siberia, where the deportees were used for forced labor.
    (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)(AP, 6/13/06)

1942        Jun 13, President Roosevelt created the Office of War Information, and appointed radio news commentator Elmer Davis to be its head. The OSS, Office of Strategic Services, was formed.
    (AP, 6/13/97)(MC, 6/13/02)
1942        Jun 13, Four men landed on a Long Island beach from a German submarine with plans to sabotage NYC’s water system and industrial sites across the Northeastern US. [see Jun 27]
    (SFC, 11/30/01, p.A1)
1942        Jun 13, Delegates from the Six Nations Confederacy (Iraquois League) assembled in conference to draft a formal declaration of war. The following day, on the steps of the United States Capitol, a spokesman of the Confederacy said it has entered World War II on its own consent and terms.
1942        Jun 13, 1st V-2 rocket launch from Peenemunde, Germany, reached 1.3 km.
    (MC, 6/13/02)

1943        Jun 13, German spies landed on Long Island, New York, and were soon captured.
    (HN, 6/13/98)

1944         Jun 13, Only one week after the Normandy invasion, the first German V-1 buzz bomb, also called the doodlebug (Fieseler Fi-103), was fired at London. The first guided missile to be used in force, the V-1 was powered by a pulse-jet engine and resembled a small aircraft. Only one of the four missiles London saw that day caused any casualties, but a steady stream of V-1s causing severe damage and casualties fell on London in coming months. At times, nearly 100 bombs fell each day. Many German buzz bombs never reached their targets because of primitive guidance systems or because they were destroyed in flight by anti-aircraft fire or intercepting Allied fighters.
    (AP, 6/13/97)(HNQ, 6/13/98)(MC, 6/13/02)

1949        Jun 13, Vietnam state was established at Saigon with Bao Dai as chief of state. Installed by the French, Bao Dai entered Saigon to rule Vietnam.
    (TOH, 1982, p.1949)(SFC, 8/2/97, p.A21)(HN, 6/13/98)

1951        Jun 13, U.N. troops seized Pyongyang, North Korea.
    (HN, 6/13/98)

1953        Jun 13, Gustavo Rojas Pinilla (1900-1975) began serving president of Colombia and continued to 1957.

1956        Jun 13, The 74-year British occupation of the Suez Canal ended. The last British troops left the Canal base.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1241)(PC, 1992 ed, p.953)

1957        Jun 13, The Mayflower 2, a replica of the ship that brought the Pilgrims to America in 1620, arrived at Plymouth, Mass., after a nearly two-month journey from England.
    (AP, 6/13/07)

1966        Jun 13, The Supreme Court issued its landmark Miranda vs. Arizona decision, ruling that criminal suspects must be informed of their constitutional rights prior to questioning by police. The conviction of Ernesto Miranda for rape and kidnapping was overturned because his confession was not voluntarily given.
    (AP, 6/13/97)(SFC, 9/12/02, p.A26)

1967        Jun 13, President Johnson nominated Solicitor-General Thurgood Marshall to become the first black justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
    (AP, 6/13/97)

1968        Jun 13, Johnny Cash performed a live concert at California’s Folsom Prison. Applause from the inmates was dubbed into his "At Folsom Prison" album.
    (WSJ, 11/26/97, p.CA4)(Econ, 9/18/04, p.88)
1968        Jun 13, US Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren (1891-1974) submitted his resignation to Pres. Johnson.

1970        Jun 13, Beatles' "Let It Be," album went #1 & stayed #1 for 4 weeks.

1971        Jun 13, The Broderick nonuplets were born in Sydney, Australia. None of the five boys (two stillborn) and four girls live for more than six days.
1971        Jun 13, The New York Times began to publish the Pentagon Papers leaked to it by Daniel Ellsberg. The papers were a secret official history of the Vietnam War in 47 volumes that were highly classified. The Nixon administration went to court to stop publication. A legal battle ensued for 16 days and the Supreme Court ruled 6-3 that the government failed to make its case for prior restraint and publication was resumed. In 1996 the book, "The Day the Presses Stopped" by David Rudenstine, was published and tells the whole story.
    (SFC, 6/10/96, p.A21)(SFEC, 12/8/96, p.A14)

1973        Jun 13, Jonas Aistis (b.1904), Lithuanian born poet, died in Washington, DC.

1976        Jun 13, Don Bolles, Arizona Republic investigative reporter, died as a result of injuries suffered when a bomb blew up his car 11 days earlier. He had been working on an alleged Mafia story at the time of his death.
    (AP, 6/13/04)

1977        Jun 13, James Earl Ray, the convicted assassin of civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Junior, was recaptured following his escape three days earlier from a Tennessee prison.
    (AP, 6/13/00)

1978        Jun 13, Israelis withdrew the last of their invading forces from Lebanon.
    (HN, 6/13/98)

1979        Jun 13, Sioux Indians were awarded $105 million in compensation for the U.S. seizure in 1877 of their Black Hills in South Dakota.
    (HN, 6/13/98)
1979        Jun 13, Ahmed Zahir (b.1946), Afghanistan pop star, was killed in a car crash. His death is believed to have been arranged by Hafizullah Amin.
    (Econ, 12/6/03, p.38)(

1981        Jun 13, Tom Snyder interviewed Charles Manson on "Tomorrow."
1981        Jun 13, A scare occurred during a parade in London when a teenager fired six blank shots at Queen Elizabeth II.
    (AP, 6/13/97)

1982        Jun 13, King Khalid of Saudi Arabia died at the age of 69; he was succeeded by a half brother, Crown Prince Fahd.
    (WSJ, 1/9/96, p.A-10)(AP, 6/13/02)

1983        Jun 13, The US space probe Pioneer 10, launched in 1972, became the first spacecraft to leave the solar system as it crossed the orbit of Neptune.
    (AP, 6/13/97)(HN, 6/13/98)

1986        Jun 13, Benny Goodman (77), the clarinet-playing "King of Swing," died in NYC.
    (AP, 6/13/97)

1987        Jun 13, The last regularly scheduled episode of "A Prairie Home Companion," starring humorist Garrison Keillor, was broadcast from the old World Theater in St. Paul, Minn.
    (AP, 6/13/97)

1988        Jun 13, A US federal jury found cigarette manufacturer Liggett Group liable in the lung-cancer death of New Jersey resident Rose Cipollone, but innocent of misrepresenting the risks of smoking. An appeals court later overturned the jury's award of $400,000 and ordered a new trial; the family dropped the lawsuit in 1992.
    (AP, 6/13/98)

1989        Jun 13, The Detroit Pistons won their first National Basketball Association title, sweeping the Los Angeles Lakers in four games.
    (AP, 6/13/99)

1990        Jun 13, Secretary of State James A. Baker the Third, testifying before the House Foreign Affairs Committee, urged Israel to accept a US plan for peace talks. Baker gave out the telephone number for the White House switchboard, telling the Israelis publicly, "When you’re serious about this, call us."
    (AP, 6/13/00)
1990        Jun 13, East German border guards and demolition experts from the Bundeswehr started the official demolition of the Berlin Wall.

1991        Jun 13, Revising a policy with roots to the McCarthy era, the Bush administration agreed to remove almost all 250,000 names on a secret list of unacceptable aliens.
    (AP, 6/13/04)
1991        Jun 13, The US Supreme Court ruled a jailed suspect represented by a lawyer in one criminal case sometimes may be questioned by police about another crime without the lawyer present.
    (AP, 6/13/01)
1991        Jun 13, Tragedy struck the first round of the US Open golf tournament when lightning struck and killed a spectator.
    (AP, 6/13/01)

1992        Jun 13, Democrat Bill Clinton stirred controversy during an appearance before the Rainbow Coalition by criticizing rap singer Sister Souljah for making remarks that he said were "filled with hatred" toward whites.
    (AP, 6/13/97)

1993        Jun 13, Vijay Singh of Fiji Island won the Buick Classic Tournament at the Westchester Country Club in Harrison, New York.
    (HN, 6/13/99)
1993        Jun 13, Astronaut Donald K. "Deke" Slayton died in League City, Texas, at age 69.
    (AP, 6/13/98)
1993        Jun 13, Canada's Progressive Conservative Party chose Defense Minister Kim Campbell to succeed Brian Mulroney as prime minister; she was the first woman to hold the post.
    (AP, 6/13/98)

1994        Jun 13, A jury in Anchorage, Alaska blamed recklessness by Exxon Corp. and Capt. Joseph Hazelwood for the Exxon Valdez disaster, allowing victims of the nation's worst oil spill to seek $15 billion in damages.
    (AP, 6/13/99)
1994        Jun 13, O.J. Simpson was questioned for several hours by Los Angeles police following the slashing deaths of his ex-wife, Nicole, and Ronald Goldman.
    (AP, 6/13/99)
1994        Jun 13, The Lithuanian Ambassador to Italy, Stasys Lozoraitis Jr., died.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.4)

1995        Jun 13, President Clinton proposed a ten-year plan for balancing the federal budget, saying in a televised address his proposal would cut spending by $1.1 trillion.
    (AP, 6/13/00)
1995        Jun 13, France announced it would abandon its 1992 moratorium on nuclear testing and conduct eight more tests between September and May.
    (AP, 6/13/00)

1996        Jun 13, Bill Clinton, in a speech endorsing a national effort against teen pregnancy, said: "The other thing we have to do is to take seriously the role in this problem of...older men who prey on underage women...There are consequences to decisions way or the other, people always wind up being held accountable."
1996        Jun 13, The US Supreme Court ruled against racial gerrymandering. It was a reminder that states cannot use race as the main factor in redistricting. The ruling struck down four black and Hispanic districts in North Carolina and Texas. The Supreme Court placed greater limits on congressional districts intentionally drawn to get more minorities elected to Congress.
    (WSJ, 6/14/96, p.A3)(AP, 6/13/97)
1996        Jun 13, The 81-day-old Freemen standoff ended as 16 remaining members of the anti-government group surrendered to the FBI and left their Montana ranch. Five Freemen were found guilty in 1998 for various crimes linked to armed robbery and possession of firearms. Four militants were convicted in 1998 for plotting to defraud banks. Jurors deadlocked on six defendants.
    (SFC, 6/14/96, p.A1)(AP, 6/13/97)(SFC, 4/1/98, p.A2)(WSJ, 7/9/98, p.A1)
1996        Jun 13, Arizona Governor Fife Symington was indicted on charges of making false statement to financial institutions and using his office to free himself from a $10 mil loan guarantee.
    (SFC, 6/14/96, p. A3)
1996        Jun 13, A federal grand jury indicted Sun-Diamond Growers of California on charges of illegal gifts to former agricultural Secretary Mike Espy and improper campaign contributions to Espy’s brother Henry. The giant agricultural cooperative and its officers have contributed more than $200,000 to California Gov. Wilson’s state and federal campaigns since 1989. Richard Douglas, former VP of Sun-Diamond Growers was convicted in 1997 of offering gratuities to Michael Espy in 1993 but was acquitted of making illegal contributions to Espy’s brother.
    (SFC, 6/14/96, p. A8)(SFC, 6/16/96, p.B2)(SFC,11/26/97, p.A7)(WSJ, 11/26/97, p.A1)
1996        Jun 13, The First Missionary Baptist Church in Enid, Oklahoma was burned in what appeared to be another race-related attack.
    (SFC, 6/14/96, p. A3)
1996        Jun 13, In Austria about $150 billion is deposited in 26 million numbered accounts in the country of 7.5 million people. Many of the accounts are attributed to new Russian immigrants and gangs. The state prosecutor, Wolfgang Mekis, was put behind bars for trying to extort $600,000 from Valentina Hummelbrunner, the onetime receptionist of former Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko.
    (SFC, 6/13/96, p.C2)
1996        Jun 13, A Washington Times report said that Chinese M-11 missiles have been deployed in Pakistan in the last few months.
    (WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A1,4)
1996        Jun 13, A new report in Nature announced that guinea pigs are on a distant branch from rodents and deserve a class of their own.
    (SFC, 6/13/96, p.A13)
1996        Jun 13, A Burundi army report claimed that 50 Hutu rebels were killed in an attack on a training camp.
    (SFC, 6/14/96, p. A16)
1996        Jun 13, Guatemala ratified a UN pact on tribal peoples. The pact calls for respect of its indigenous people, the Mayans, and consultation with them on decisions affecting their economic and social development.
    (SFC, 6/14/96, p. A16)
1996        Jun 13, An Indonesian DC-10 skidded of a runway at the Fukuoka airport in Japan and burst into flames. 3 people were killed, but 270 others were able to flee the burning jet.
    (SFC, 6/13/96, p.C3)
1996        Jun 13, In Indonesia the Supreme Court restored a ban on the magazine Tempo for publishing stories critical of the government.
    (SFC, 6/14/96, p. A17)
1996        Jun 13, A report from Kuching, Malaysia, told of Borneo’s 2nd high tech plant being cut out of the tropical rain forest.
    (WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A6)

1997        Jun 13, The Chicago Bulls captured their fifth professional basketball championship in seven years with a 90-86 victory over the Utah Jazz in Game 6 of the NBA finals.
    (SFC, 6/14/97, p.B1)(AP, 6/13/98)
1997        Jun 13, A jury voted unanimously to give Timothy McVeigh the death penalty for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.
    (AP, 6/13/98)
1997        Jun 13, In Bangladesh a ferry on the Dhanu River northeast of Dhaka capsized in a whirlpool and at least 50 people were drowned.
    (SFEC, 6/15/97, p.D3)
1997        Jun 13, The leaders of France, Germany and Canada insisted that Romania and Slovenia be allowed to join NATO next month.
    (SFC, 6/14/97, p.A12)
1997        Jun 13, In India a fire in a New Delhi theater killed 60 and injured over 200 people.
    (SFC, 6/14/97, p.A12)
1997        Jun 13, Under pressure it was announced that Turkey’s PM Erbakan, leader of the Welfare Party, would turn his post over to Tansu Ciller, who would lead until elections Jun 18. Turkey’s first Islamist-led government was ejected after it began investigating links between the army and organized crime.
    (SFC, 6/14/97, p.A12)(SFC, 11/26/98, p.B2)(Econ, 3/22/08, p.61)

1998        Jun 13, President Clinton visited Thurston High School in Springfield, Ore., where two students were killed and 22 others wounded the previous month.
    (AP, 6/13/99)
1998        Jun 13, Civil rights leaders and politicians called for an end to racial violence as hundreds of mourners gathered in Jasper, Texas, for the funeral of James Byrd Jr., a black man who police said was brutally killed by white supremacists.
    (AP, 6/13/99)
1998        Jun 13, It was reported that in Madagascar a grasshopper swarm, 7 miles long, had spread into the capital city of Antananarivo.
    (SFC, 6/13/98, p.A7)
1998        Jun 13, It was reported that the Old World Screwworm had broken out in Iraq, Kuwait and Bahrain. 19 people were reported infected by the disease in which carnivorous larvae hatch from eggs laid in broken skin.
    (SFC, 6/13/98, p.A7)
1998        Jun 13, In London Reg Smythe, creator of the Andy Capp comic strip, died at age 81.
    (SFC, 6/16/98, p.A22)
1998        Jun 13, In Israel Nissim Aloni, playwright, died at age 72. His work included "Most Cruel the King" (1953); "The Emperor’s New Clothes" (1961), "The American Princess" (1963); "The Revolution and the Chicken" (1964); "The Bride and the Butterfly Hunter" (1967); "Napoleon, Dead or Alive" (1970); and "The Gypsies of Jaffa" (1971).
    (SFC, 6/16/98, p.A22)
1998        Jun 13, In Bihar state, India, Brij Bihari Prasad, a former state minister in the Rashtriya Janata Party, was killed along with his guard.
    (SFC, 6/16/98, p.A12)

1999        Jun 13, In Belgium the center-left coalition of Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene suffered a major defeat in national elections to the Conservatives. The coalition looked to keep 66 of the legislature's 150 seats.
    (SFC, 6/14/99, p.a14)(WSJ, 6/14/99, p.A1)
1999        Jun 13, In Britain the Conservative Party under William Hague won 36 seats while the Labor Party won 29 for the European Parliament.
    (SFC, 6/16/99, p.B2)
1999        Jun 13, In Iraq it was announced that a new decree by Saddam Hussein would imprison citizens over 18 caught begging in public places.
    (SFC, 6/15/99, p.C5)
1999        Jun 13, In Israel Prime Minister Netanyahu told his ministers to bring in some 2,500 to 3,000 Jews from the Quara region of Ethiopia.
    (SFC, 6/15/99, p.C5)
1999        Jun 13, NATO soldiers shot dead two armed men as peacekeepers tried to contain new violence in Kosovo; Russian troops, meanwhile, blocked British troops from entering the airport in Pristina, the capital of Kosovo.
    (AP, 6/13/00)
1999        Jun 13, North Korea agreed to talk to UN military officers in an attempt to resolve the naval confrontations with South Korea.
    (SFC, 6/14/99, p.A13)
1999        Jun 13, Pakistan accused India of using chemical weapons in its Kashmir offensive, as India claimed to have captured a key mountain peak.
    (WSJ, 6/14/99, p.A1)
1999        Jun 13, In South Africa Pres. Mandela welcomed visiting Libyan leader Moammar Khadafy as his last official guest. Khadafy was on his first foreign tour since sanctions were lifted in April.
    (SFC, 6/14/99, p.A13)

2000        Jun 13, The MacArthur Foundation awarded "genius grants" to 25 people.
    (WSJ, 6/14/00, p.A1)
2000        Jun 13, In Argentina Pres. Fernando de la Rua apologized for his country’s role in providing sanctuary to Nazis after WW II.
    (SFC, 6/14/00, p.A13)
2000        Jun 13, In Chile the military agreed to search for the remains of the 1,200 dissidents who disappeared between 1973-1990 under Gen. Pinochet.
    (SFC, 6/14/00, p.A16)
2000        Jun 13, In Italy the government pardoned Mehmet Ali Agca (42), the man who wounded Pope John Paul II in 1981. Agca was flown to Turkey to finish serving 8 years for the 1979 murder of a newspaper editor.
    (SFC, 6/14/00, p.A12)
2000        Jun 13, Pres. Kim Jong Il of North Korea met with Pres. Kim Dae Jung of South Korea in the 1st meeting ever between leaders of the 2 countries. They agreed to try to satisfy their people’s desire for reconciliation. Border loudspeakers that blasted insults at South Korea were shut off.
    (SFC, 6/13/00, p.A10)(SFC, 6/14/00, p.A1)(SFC, 6/17/00, p.A9)
2000        Jun 13, In Nigeria a national strike ended after the government agreed to a substantial reduction in the 50% increase to fuel prices.
    (SFC, 6/14/00, p.A13)
2000        Jun 13, In Russia Vladimir Gusinsky, head of Media-Most, was arrested on charges of swindling and grand larceny.
    (SFC, 6/14/00, p.A12)(WSJ, 6/14/00, p.A1)

2001        Jun 13, Pres. Bush  met behind closed doors with NATO leaders in Brussels, Belgium, and pitched his missile shield plan with mixed response.
    (SFC, 6/14/01, p.A1)(AP, 6/13/02)
2001        Jun 13, The US House voted (422-2) to forbid foreign oil companies doing business in Sudan from selling securities in the US.
    (SFC, 6/14/01, p.C3)
2001        Jun 13, Kraft Foods went public in the NY Stock Exchange.
    (WSJ, 4/16/03, p.C1)
2001        Jun 13, SF police shot and killed Idriss Stelley (23) at the Sony Metreon complex. Stelley was suffering a mental breakdown and had cut an officer with a knife. Officers fired over 20 shots and wounded one of their men.
    (SFC, 6/20/01, p.A16)(SFC, 12/5/06, p.A1)
2001        Jun 13, Israel eased travel restrictions into the West Bank and Gaza as the armistice went into effect. Under the agreement Israel had 48 hours to pull tanks and troops back and Palestinians were due to start arresting militants planning attacks.
    (SFC, 6/14/01, p.A14)
2001        Jun 13, In the USA Virgin Islands police Corporal Wendell Williams (49) disappeared after ending his midnight shift. On Feb 10, 2012, a team of 70 police officers arrested five suspects in the case, including one in Georgia with the help of federal agents.
    (AP, 2/10/12)
2001        Jun 13, In Zimbabwe the government increase gas prices by over 70% and labor unions threatened to shut down the economy.
    (SFC, 6/14/01, p.C3)

2002        Jun 13, The Detroit Red Wings won the Stanley Cup 4 games to 1 over the Carolina Hurricanes.
    (WSJ, 6/14/02, p.A1)
2002        Jun 13, Pres. Bush met with Saudi Prince Saud al-Faisal and indicated that he would support the creation of a Palestinian state.
    (SFC, 6/14/02, p.15)
2002        Jun 13, A federal judge blocked SC Gov. Jim Hodges' suit to block a plutonium shipment from Rocky Flats in Colorado to the Savannah River Site nuclear facility for re-processing.
    (SFC, 6/14/02, p.A3,E6)
2002        Jun 13, US Catholic Bishops in Texas opened a 2-day summit on clerical sex abuse. 3 men and a woman told how their lives had been devastated by abuse and subsequent ill treatment by the church.
    (WSJ, 6/14/02, p.A1)(AP, 6/13/04)
2002        Jun 13, Afghanistan's interim leader Hamid Karzai won endorsement from about two-thirds of delegates at the Loya Jirga grand assembly, making him the most likely candidate to win the presidency.
    (Reuters, 6/13/02)(SFC, 6/14/02, p.A10)
2002        Jun 13, Brazil said it will draw down $10 billion in approved IMF credit, tighten fiscal policy and buy back $3 billion in foreign debt. The currency soared and settled at 2.71 to the dollar.
    (WSJ, 6/14/02, p.A1)
2002        Jun 13,  In Whistler, British Columbia, G-8 foreign ministers of the world's leading nations backed a Middle East peace conference, vowed to keep up pressure on India and Pakistan to step back from the brink over Kashmir, and maintained a united front against terrorism as they wrapped up a two-day.
    (Reuters, 6/13/02)
2002        Jun 13, G-7 ministers agreed to give grants between 18-21% of all disbursements within the World Bank's financing arm for poor countries.
    (WSJ, 6/14/02, p.C10)
2002        Jun 13, In China at least 223 were reported dead and 320,000 homeless  from Xinjiang to Hubei provinces following weekend rains and flooding.
    (SFC, 6/14/02, p.A16)
2002        Jun 13, In Indonesia suspected rebels shot and killed a politician in troubled Aceh province, the second parliamentarian murdered this week.
    (Reuters, 6/14/02)
2002        Jun 13, Exit polls showed South Korea's conservative opposition party swept most key local government elections, winning a crucial test of the public mood ahead of December's presidential election. The Grand National Party (GNP) won a majority of races in 11 of 16 districts in a crushing defeat for Pres. Kim Dae Jung.
    (Reuters, 6/13/02)(SFC, 6/14/02, p.A14)
2002        Jun 13, A US military vehicle in South Korea ran over 2 girls (14), Shim Mi-son and Shin Hyo-sun. A military jury later cleared Sgt. Fernando Nino of negligent homicide charges. Driver Sgt. Mark Walker was acquitted Nov 22.
    (SFC, 8/1/02, p.A15)(SFC, 11/21/02, p.A17)(SFC, 11/23/02, p.A10)
2002        Jun 13, The U.N. World Food Summit in Rome ended much as it began, with criticism about the proliferation of biotech crops and complaints that too little has been done to end world hunger.
    (AP, 6/13/02)

2003        Jun 13, Philip Giordano, former 3-term mayor of Waterbury, Conn., was sentenced to 37 years in federal prison for having oral sex with 2 young girls while in office.
    (SFC, 6/14/03, p.A3)
2003        Jun 13, Richard Armitage, Deputy Sec. of State, told Bob Woodward about CIA operative Valerie Plame. Woodward testified to this in 2007 during the Scooter Libby trial.
    (SFC, 2/13/07, p.A3)
2003        Jun 13, Wisconsin state officials reported that probable 18 cases of monkeypox all came from one prairie dog.
    (SFC, 6/14/03, p.A6)
2003        Jun 13, Scientists reported that the new hydrogen fuel cell technology could lead to greater destruction of the ozone layer that protects Earth from cancer-causing ultraviolet rays.
    (AP, 6/13/03)
2003        Jun 13, Belgium's foreign minister said the country has already amended its war crimes laws to avoid politically inspired lawsuits against US officials.
    (AP, 6/13/03)
2003        Jun 13-14, Czechs voted in a two-day referendum on whether their country of 10 million should join the European Union. They voted overwhelmingly to join the European Union. 77.33% of voters approved the measure, while 22.67 voted no. Turnout was 55.21 percent.
    (AP, 6/13/03)(AP, 6/14/03)(AP, 6/15/03)
2003        Jun 13, European Union delegates agreed on a draft constitution that details how the coalition of nations will be run as it adds new members and evolves into what many hope will be a world power to rival the United States.
    (AP, 6/14/03)
2003        Jun 13, In Iran anti-government demonstrations took place for the third night in Tehran.
    (AP, 6/13/03)
2003        Jun 13, US forces killed 27 Iraqi fighters in a ground and air pursuit after the Iraqis attacked an American tank patrol north of Baghdad, bringing the opposition death toll in four days of skirmishes to about 100. Five Iraqi civilians were shot by American troops who apparently mistook them for militants fleeing after attacking a US tank patrol. Hundreds of pro-cleric militants and security forces in Tehran clashed with Iranians throughout the capital.
    (AP, 6/13/03)(AP, 6/14/03)(AP, 6/13/08)
2003        Jun 13, Israel decided to target top Hamas leaders, including founder Sheik Ahmed, saying it would strike political as well as military leaders who targeted Israel with terrorism. An Israeli helicopter attack killed one Hamas member and injured 22 Palestinians including 8 children.
    (SFC, 6/14/03, p.A1)(AP, 6/13/08)
2003        Jun 13, In Thailand Narong Penaman (44) was arrested with as much as 66 pounds of radioactive cesium-137 for sale.
    (SFC, 6/14/03, p.A3)

2004        Jun 13, Former President George H.W. Bush celebrated his 80th birthday with a 13,000-foot parachute jump over his presidential library in College Station, Texas.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2004        Jun 13, It was reported that a quarter teaspoon of cinnamon a day helped to reduce glucose, fat and cholesterol levels by a s much as 30%.
    (SSFC, 6/13/04, Par p.8)
2004        Jun 13, Robert Lees, former screenwriter, was decapitated at his Hollywood home. Keven Lee Graff (27) was later charged with Lees’ murder and that of a neighbor.
    (SFC, 7/29/04, p.B3)
2004        Jun 13, Author and academic Stuart Hampshire, a former chairman of the department of philosophy at Princeton University who argued that philosophy must be studied within the context of other disciplines, died in Oxford, England. His books included "The Freedom of the Individual."
    (AP, 6/16/04)
2004        Jun 13, EU balloting, begun June 10, ended. Some 150 million Europeans cast ballots across 25 member nations of the expanded European Union. Turnout was 45.3 percent.
    (AP, 6/14/04)(Econ, 6/19/04, p.49)
2004        Jun 13, A suicide attacker detonated a car bomb near a U.S. military camp in Baghdad, killing at least 12 people, and wounding 13. Gunmen killed a senior Education Ministry official in the second assassination of a government figure in as many days.
    (AP, 6/13/04)
2004        Jun 13, Pakistani troops ended a major operation to flush out al-Qaida suspects and their local supporters from hide-outs in a remote region near Afghanistan. 72 people died, including 17 security personnel.
    (AP, 6/14/04)
2004        Jun 13, Philippine air force troops clashed with communist guerrillas camped out on a farm near Manila and 3 rebels were killed.
    (AP, 6/13/04)
2004        Jun 13, The race for Serbia's top job produced no outright winner, but left the two top contenders, nationalist Tomislav Nikolic and reformist Boris Tadic, to face each other in a second round of voting in two weeks.
    (AP, 6/14/04)(Econ, 6/19/04, p.53)
2004        Jun 13, Saudi Arabia held a 3-day “national dialogue" in Medina on how women’s lives could be improved. On Jun 15, recommendations (19) were given to Crown Prince Abdullah.
    (Econ, 6/19/04, p.26)
2004        Jun 13, In South Korea more than 9,000 activists shouting "No to globalization!" marched through downtown Seoul to protest a meeting of the World Economic Forum.
    (AP, 6/13/04)
2004        Jun 13, The UN Conference on Trade and Development opened in San Paulo, Brazil. This marked its 11th forum over a 40 year history. The so-called Group of 77 developing nations actually has 132 member nations.
    (AP, 6/13/04)

2005        Jun 13, The US Senate apologized for blocking anti-lynching legislation in the early 20th century, when mob violence against blacks was commonplace.
    (AP, 6/13/06)
2005        Jun 13, The Supreme Court warned prosecutors to use care in striking minorities from juries, siding with black murder suspects in Texas and California who contended their juries had been unfairly stacked with whites.
    (AP, 6/13/06)
2005        Jun 13, California Gov. Schwarzenegger called for a special election on his initiatives to change state government.
    (SFC, 6/14/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 13, A jury in Santa Maria, Calif., acquitted Michael Jackson of molesting a 13-year-old cancer survivor at his Neverland ranch. The pop music star was found not guilty of child molestation, conspiracy and other counts.
    (AP, 6/14/05)(AP, 6/13/06)
2005        Jun 13, Leonard Pickell, former president of the James Beard Foundation, was sentenced 1 to 3 years in prison in NY state for stealing over a $1.1 million from the foundation.
    (SFC, 6/14/05, p.A2)
2005        Jun 13, Philip Purcell announced that he would resign as CEO and Chairman of the Board at Morgan Stanley. He was forced out with a golden parachute valued at $113.7 million. Purcell had orchestrated the 1997 merger between Dean Witter and Morgan Stanley. In 2007 Patricia Beard authored “Blue Blood & Mutiny: The Fight for the soul of Morgan Stanley."
    (Econ, 10/13/07, p.98)(
2005        Jun 13, Scientists reported the discovery of an Earthlike planet orbiting the star Gliese 876, which is about 15 light-years from Earth. The planet was 2 million miles from its star and surface temperatures were estimated at 400-700 degrees.
    (SFC, 6/14/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 13, Australia and Pakistan signed a new counter-terrorism pact during a visit by Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, Australia handed East Timor the base at Moleana, a tiny town near the border with Indonesia, signaling the end of a six-year mission that heralded a controversial new era of regional intervention in East Timor.
    (AP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 13, Burundi began forced repatriation of thousands of Rwandan refugees, who feared reprisals at home. The UN condemned the action.
    (WSJ, 6/14/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 13, Ethiopia's main opposition leader was freed from house arrest after the country's main political parties agreed to work together for peace after 10 days of political unrest left at least 37 people dead.
    (AP, 6/14/05)
2005        Jun 13, In Ethiopia police shot and killed an opposition politician, prompting the arrest of six officers, as the government rejected an opposition offer to renew a peace deal.
    (AP, 6/14/05)
2005        Jun 13, The Paris Air Show opened. The Russian Lavochkin Association demonstrated a new escape pod for people trapped in tall, burning buildings.
    (Econ, 6/11/05, p.60)(Econ, 6/25/05, p.81)
2005        Jun 13, In India officials said at least 275 people have died from sunstroke and dehydration in northern India and neighboring Nepal and Bangladesh so far this summer, as high temperatures sweep the region ahead of the monsoon.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, Iraqi insurgent commanders "apparently came face to face" with four American officials during meetings on June 3 and June 13 at a summer villa near Balad, about 25 miles north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 13, In Iraq 4 suicide car bombings and other insurgent attacks killed 10 people, and at least 16 Iraqis were wounded after militants opened fire on authorities trying to evacuate the injured from one of the blasts.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, Israel was elected one of 21 vice-presidents of the next UN General Assembly session.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, In Italy a Vatican-backed voter boycott helped defeat efforts to ease restrictions on assisted procreation and embryo research.
    (AP, 6/14/05)
2005        Jun 13, In Kashmir a bomb hidden in a pickup truck exploded in the bustling town of Pulwama, killing 15 people, including the suspected attacker, and injuring at least 60 others.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, In Kyrgyzstan guards outside a hotel opened fire on hundreds of traders who had come to the southern city of Osh to demand fair market practices. 4 people were hurt.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, In Martinique Patrick Mariello showed up at a police station to say he had set his ex-girlfriend's car on fire. The charred body of the 28-year-old was found near the car. In 2008 Mariello (32) Mariello testified that he was upset his ex-girlfriend never told him she had an affair with his best friend. He was convicted and sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (AP, 5/17/08)
2005        Jun 13, Moroccan officials said at least 12 people, six of them children, drowned when a rubber dinghy carrying would-be immigrants to Europe capsized off Africa's northern coast.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, In Nepal police arrested nearly 100 journalists during a protest to demand King Gyanendra immediately lift media restrictions imposed 4 months ago. At least 14 rebels and security force members were killed in a gunbattle.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, Alvaro Cunhal (91), Portuguese Communist leader, died. He led Portugal's CP for half a century and became a national hero after the overthrow of the country's dictatorship.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, Ukraine prosecutors said authorities had arrested the former head of Ukraine's peacekeeping troops in Iraq on charges of smuggling.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 13, Mohammed ElBaradei won a third term as head of the U.N. nuclear watchdog agency.
    (AP, 6/13/05)

2006        Jun 13, President Bush, seeking to bolster support for Iraq's burgeoning government and US war policy at home, made a surprise visit to Iraq to meet newly named Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki and discuss the next steps in the troubled 3-year-old war. A series of explosions struck the northern city of Kirkuk, killing at least 15 people. Gunmen killed Ibrahim Seneid, an Iraqi journalist. He worked for a newspaper accused by insurgents of publishing US propaganda in the western city of Fallujah.
    (AP, 6/13/06)(AP, 6/14/06)
2006        Jun 13, US Congressional investigators said fake aid to Katrina victims may have cost taxpayers up to $1.4 billion. A FEMA official found the claims hard to credit.
    (WSJ, 6/14/06, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/15/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 13, In Washington DC Karl Rove’s lawyer said special prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald would not bring charges against Rove in a 3-year-old CIA leak case.
    (SFC, 6/14/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 13, The Illinois state agriculture department said a pest blamed for killing millions of trees across the Midwest has reached Illinois, prompting officials to prepare a detection and eradication plan they expect to begin within the next few weeks.
    (AP, 6/13/06)
2006        Jun 13, In Millbrae, Ca., former restaurateur Fernand Wagner (78) and his wife Suzanne (68) were murdered at their home on the 600 block of Lomita Ave. The couple’s black Cadillac was later found in Daly City. On June 19 police in Oxnard, Ca., arrested Joseph Cua (52), employed by the Wagner’s as a property manager, in connection to the killings. Cua was charged with murder on June 22. Cua was convicted on June 27, 2008. On Dec 18 Cua was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 6/16/06, p.B1)(SFC, 6/20/06, p.B1)(SFC, 6/23/06, p.B9)(SFC, 6/28/08, p.B3)(SFC, 12/19/08, p.B12)
2006        Jun 13, Luis Jimenez (65), Chicago sculptor, died in an accident at his studio in Hondo, NM. His work included “Vaquero."
    (SFC, 6/27/06, p.E2)
2006        Jun 13, Suspected Taliban militants killed one US soldier and wounded two in an attack in southern Helmand province, sparking a coalition retaliation that left 12 militants dead or wounded. A second coalition soldier was killed while fighting enemy forces in eastern Kunar province.
    (AP, 6/14/06)
2006        Jun 13, Conservative PM John Howard's federal government has invoked special powers to invalidate a territory's law that had been the first in Australia giving legal recognition to same-sex relationships. On May 11 the Australian Capital Territory, which includes the national capital Canberra, became the first of Australia's six states and two territories to legally recognize gay and lesbian relationships.
    (AP, 6/13/06)
2006        Jun 13, In Austria Western countries at a 35-nation UN meeting pushed for consensus on the need for Iran to freeze uranium enrichment, but diplomats said that most nonaligned countries were preparing to endorse Tehran's right to continue the work.
    (AP, 6/13/06)
2006        Jun 13, China ordered civil servants to do without cars, elevators and air conditioning for one day as part of an energy-saving awareness campaign. Some 1,000 new cars were hitting the streets of Beijing every day as nitrogen dioxide levels exceeded WHO clean air guidelines by 78%.
    (AP, 6/13/06)(WSJ, 6/13/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 13, European Aeronautic Defense and Space (EADS), the parent company of Airbus, announced that its new 555-seat airliner would be delayed up to 7 months.
    (Econ, 6/24/06, p.69)
2006        Jun 13, Indian shares fell sharply, with the benchmark index tumbling 4.4% to its lowest point this year amid declines in global markets.
    (AP, 6/13/06)
2006        Jun 13, Police in northern India village retrieved 48 bodies after a truck crowded with wedding guests veered off a mountain road and plunged into a deep gorge in Uttaranchal state.
    (AP, 6/13/06)
2006        Jun 13, Charles Haughey (80), former Irish prime minister, died following a long battle with cancer. He served 4 terms as Ireland's PM (1979-1982 and 1987-1992) in a career overshadowed by ethical questions. He preached austerity, yet practiced prodigality.
    (AP, 6/13/06)(Econ, 6/24/06, p.101)
2006        Jun 13, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert said he had given the go ahead for a shipment of weapons to Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas, whose loyalists are engaged in bitter infighting with the militant Islamic Hamas. A failed Israeli airstrike targeting a key figure in Palestinian rocket attacks killed 9 people, including two children and three medical workers who rushed to the scene of an initial blast. 2 of the dead were members of the Islamic Jihad. An Israeli investigation into what caused an explosion on a Gaza beach that killed eight Palestinians said that the blast was most likely caused by a mine planted by Hamas militants against Israeli naval commandos and not an Israeli shell.
    (AP, 6/13/06)(AP, 6/14/06)
2006        Jun 13, Toshihiko Fukui, Japan’s central bank governor, admitted that he was an early investor in the Murakami Fund. On June 5 Murakami admitted that he had violated insider trading laws.
    (Econ, 6/17/06, p.47)
2006        Jun 13, The UN Security Council eased a ban on weapons sales to Liberia so it could arm newly trained security forces. The US proposed lifting a UN embargo on Liberian timber exports.
    (AP, 6/13/06)
2006        Jun 13, Nepal freed 190 jailed communist rebels after withdrawing terrorism cases against them as part of efforts to forge peace with the insurgents.
    (AP, 6/13/06)
2006        Jun 13, Pakistani security forces backed by helicopter gunships destroyed a camp for suspected tribal militants in the insurgency-wracked southwestern part of the country, killing five suspects and capturing seven others near Dera Bugti.
    (AP, 6/14/06)
2006        Jun 13, In the eastern Philippines 11 prisoners escaped from a jail after killing two guards and wounding two others. The inmates were led by a communist guerrilla, Jessie Galecio, who had escaped from jail twice before.
    (AP, 6/14/06)
2006        Jun 13, Seven east African nations imposed travel bans on Somali warlords, who lost bloody battles with Islamist fighters over Mogadishu, and froze their assets in effort to push them into peace talks.
    (AP, 6/13/06)
2006        Jun 13, In southern Sri Lanka at least 42 passengers were injured when two trains collided.
    (AP, 6/13/06)
2006        Jun 13, UN chief Kofi Annan asked UN human rights chief Louise Arbour to help set up an independent enquiry commission to probe a recent wave of ethnic violence in East Timor.
    (AP, 6/13/06)

2007        Jun 13, A senior US diplomat said NATO has intercepted Iranian weapons shipments to Afghanistan's Taliban insurgents, providing evidence Iran is violating international law to aid a group it once considered a bitter enemy. The Taliban claimed to have captured a NATO trooper. 20 militants were killed in the Shah Wali Kot district of Kandahar province. In nearby Zhari district six Taliban fighters were killed, including one commander. In southern Ghazni province 7 Taliban were killed and 4 others detained by police. A suicide attacker detonated his bomb near an Afghan army brigade commander in Gereshk district of Helmand province. In western Farah province two Afghans doing repair work on police vehicles were killed by Taliban militants. US-led coalition and Afghan troops killed a suspected militant and detained three others in a raid on a compound in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 6/13/07)(AFP, 6/13/07)(AP, 6/14/07)
2007        Jun 13, Heavy snows hit the Andean border region of Argentina and Chile, forcing the closure of a key mountain highway connecting the two countries and idling thousands of trucks.
    (AP, 6/13/07)
2007        Jun 13, British Home Secretary John Reid said the government is to run a pilot scheme giving convicted pedophiles drugs to suppress their libido, or so-called "chemical castration."
    (AFP, 6/13/07)
2007        Jun 13, Cambodian and foreign judges announced rules clearing the way for a UN-assisted genocide tribunal to begin investigating Khmer Rouge leaders in the deaths of 1.7 million people during their 1975-79 communist regime.
    (AP, 6/13/07)
2007        Jun 13, Canadian police arrested more than 60 suspected members of a criminal gang in a series of dawn raids in and around Toronto, in a crackdown on smuggling drugs and illegal firearms.
    (Reuters, 6/13/07)
2007        Jun 13, State media said China’s southern Guangdong province was rushing to shore up dams eroded by weeks of heavy rains and high waters that already have killed at least 76 people. State media also reported that Cheng Laifu, a teacher in northwestern China, has been sentenced to death for raping 18 primary school girls, the second such case in the same area. He was convicted of raping the 18 third- and fourth-grade students on 70 separate occasions between September 2001 and March 2005. The victims were 9 and 10. Xinhua News said that in July 2005, Li Guang, also a teacher in Changhe township, was sentenced to death for raping 23 fourth- and fifth-grade students.
    (AP, 6/13/07)(AP, 6/13/07)
2007        Jun 13, Serge Maheshe, a Congolese journalist working for the UN-sponsored Radio Okapi, was shot dead in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo town of Bukavu. Police the next day arrested 2 soldiers for the killing.
    (AFP, 6/13/07)(Reuters, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 13, Iran's parliament voted in favor of a bill that could lead to the death penalty for persons convicted of working in the production of pornographic movies.
    (AP, 6/13/07)
2007        Jun 13, The UN Security Council agreed to an Iraqi request to extend the mandate of the US-led multinational force after the country's foreign minister said the troops were "vitally necessary." Saboteur bombers destroyed the two minarets of the Shiite Askariya Shrine in Samarra. In Baghdad the 30 members of the Sadrist bloc in parliament issued a statement saying they were boycotting parliament until the government takes "realistic" steps to rebuild the Askariya shrine. The mosque contains the tombs of the 10th and 11th imams, Ali al-Hadi, who died in 868, and his son, Hassan Askariya, who died in 874. Both are descendants of the Prophet Muhammad, and Shiites consider them to be among his successors. In Basra four people were killed and six wounded in attacks on the Kawaz, Othman, al-Abayshi and Basra Grand mosques. Four Sunni mosques near Baghdad also were attacked or burned within several hours of the Samarra bombings. A suicide bomber blew himself up at a police station in a town near the Iranian border, killing five Iraqi policemen and wounding 10. In Ramadi a suicide bomber killed four policemen at a checkpoint. Near Kirkuk militants blew up part of a bridge in the country's 4th attack on a span in as many days. A US soldier died in a non-combat related incident.
    (AP, 6/13/07)(AP, 6/14/07)(AP, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 13, Ireland’s environmentalist Green Party, perennial outsiders in Irish politics, voted to join the next government and extend PM Bertie Ahern's 10-year run in power.
    (AP, 6/13/07)
2007        Jun 13, Elder statesman Shimon Peres (83) was elected Israel's ninth president, capping a campaign to extend his six-decade political career in a race marred by rape allegations against Moshe Katsav, the sitting president. Ehud Barak, the former Israeli prime minister tossed out of office six years ago in a humiliating election defeat, won the leadership of the dovish Labor Party.
    (AP, 6/13/07)
2007        Jun 13, In Lebanon lawmaker Walid Eido, a prominent anti-Syrian legislator killed by a car bomb, which also killed his 35-year-old son, two bodyguards and six passers-by.
    (AP, 6/14/07)
2007        Jun 13, In Mongolia a helicopter carrying firefighters and equipment crashed into a mountain killing 14 of 22 aboard. The crash site was not discovered until June 16.
    (AP, 6/18/07)
2007        Jun 13, Fierce battles over key security positions spread to central Gaza, with Hamas fighters wresting control of the coastal strip's main north-south road, and putting themselves in position to cut off reinforcements to beleaguered Fatah forces.
    (AP, 6/13/07)
2007        Jun 13, A Philippine court acquitted Imelda Marcos, the flamboyant widow of dictator Ferdinand Marcos, of five counts of tax evasion. Of more than 900 criminal and civil cases, mostly for violation of graft and corruption laws during her husband's 20-year rule, 40 criminal cases and fewer than 20 civil suits remained. The government said it has recovered at least $1.7 billion in cash and assets from the Marcoses and their associates over two decades, including Swiss bank deposits now worth at least $680 million.
    (AP, 6/13/07)
2007        Jun 13, In Puerto Rico Inter American University professor Leonardo Gamallo Sotolongo disappeared after going to pay Jorge Aguilera Enchautegui for work on his yard. Sotolongo’s body was found near a garbage dump two weeks later. On Feb 25, 2010, the FBI arrested Aguilera at a motel in Orlando, Florida, for carjacking and the slaying of Sotolongo.
    (AP, 2/26/10)
2007        Jun 13, Global shipping officials warned that pirate attacks off Somalia's coast have spiraled to terrifying levels, with US and international navies failing to protect seafarers from being kidnapped.
    (AP, 6/13/07)
2007        Jun 13, In South Africa tens of thousands of public sector workers marched to government offices across the country, escalating a 12-day-old strike and bringing the largest cities to a standstill.
    (AP, 6/13/07)
2007        Jun 13, Sudan’s foreign ministry said Sudan has formally rejected an international conference on Darfur to be held in Paris this month because it was not consulted beforehand.
    (AP, 6/13/07)
2007        Jun 13, In southeastern Turkey Kurdish guerrillas killed a Turkish army major and injured two other soldiers in a roadside bomb attack.
    (AP, 6/13/07)
2007        Jun 13, Zimbabwe’s country's consumer watchdog said in its latest report that the cost of living for an average urban family rose by 66 percent last month.
    (AP, 6/13/07)

2008        Jun 13, In Ohio 3 men were convicted of plotting to recruit and train terrorists to kill American soldiers in Iraq. Mohammad Amawi (28), Warwan El-Hindi (45) and Wassim Mazloum (27) faced maximum life sentences.
    (SFC, 6/14/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 13, In Iowa the Cedar River crested at nearly 32 feet, 12 feet higher than the old record set in 1929. Water submerged more than 400 blocks of Cedar Rapids, threatened the city's drinking supply and forced the evacuation of a downtown hospital.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 13, In northern California some 2,800 firefighters battled the Humboldt Fire in Butte County. 9,000 residents were evacuated as the fire covered 23,00 acres. Bt June 15 most of the fire was under control after destroying 74 homes and damaging 20 more in Paradise.
    (SFC, 6/14/08, p.B1)(SFC, 6/16/08, p.B1)
2008        Jun 13, Leonard B. Auerbach (61), an American fugitive, was deported from Cuba to face federal charges in California of sexually abusing a Costa Rican girl and possessing child pornography. He was arrested on May 7, about a month after his arrival.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 13, In SF it was reported that Ingersoll-Rand of Montvale, NJ, had agreed to hand over 12.3 acres, that included the former Schlage Lock Co. factory in Visitacion Valley, to Universal Paragon Corp. after the developer agreed to drop a $100 million lawsuit alleging polluted groundwater at an adjacent parcel. New development at the site will include 1,250 residential units, 3 parks and several stores.
    (SFC, 6/13/08, p.D1)
2008        Jun 13, Tim Russert (58), NBC News's Washington bureau chief, collapsed and died of a heart attack in his Washington newsroom.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 13, Dennis Weatherstone (b.1930), British-born former chief executive of J.P. Morgan (1990-1994), died.
    (WSJ, 6/21/08, p.A6)
2008        Jun 13, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber hit a NATO military convoy, causing casualties. A Romanian soldier was killed and three others injured in Qalat, the capital of southern Zabul province. In south-central Uruzgan province, Afghan and NATO-led forces killed 17 Taliban. In eastern Paktia province, an operation by US-led coalition forces resulted in the deaths of a woman and a number of militants. In Ghazni province a coalition air strike killed seven Taliban militants. 30 insurgents on motorbikes and two suicide bombers attacked Sarposa Prison. About 870 prisoners escaped during the bomb and rocket attack on that knocked down the front gate and demolished a prison floor. 390 Taliban prisoners were among those who fled the prison during the attack.
    (AFP, 6/13/08)(AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 13, The leaders of Australia and Indonesia pledged to join forces to fight climate change by saving forests and promoting carbon trading.
    (AFP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 13, In London, administrators said a takeover deal to rescue small business-class airline Silverjet has collapsed. The airline employed 370 pilots and cabin crew and 50 administrative staff in Luton, where it operated flights to New York and Dubai.
    (AFP, 6/13/08)(
2008        Jun 13, Chinese President Hu Jintao said the long journey to better ties with Taiwan was off to a good start, after the rivals signed historic agreements to set up direct flights and boost tourism.
    (AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 13, A blast in a north China coal mine left 34 workers trapped underground, after rescuers lifted nine to safety. Heavy rains in southern China triggered floods that killed six people and forced the evacuation of 150,000 residents. A landslide in northern China buried a brick factory, killing 19 workers.
    (AP, 6/13/08)(AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 13, An int’l. bird conservation group reported that over 1 million birds had been illegally trapped and killed in Cyprus over the past year to be served as local delicacies.
2008        Jun 13, Amnesty International said Egypt has deported 400 Eritrean asylum seekers back to Asmara and plans to forcibly return 1,200 more who are being held in detention in Egypt, putting them at serious risk of torture.
    (AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 13, The EU said the bluefin tuna fishing season must end in the Mediterranean and eastern Atlantic Ocean at midnight on June 15, because this year’s quotas have been met. Spanish fishermen were given an extra 7 days due to higher stocks off Spain’s coast.
    (WSJ, 6/14/08, p.A6)
2008        Jun 13, Iraq's PM Al-Maliki said that talks with the US on proposals for a long-term security pact have reached an impasse over objections that Iraq's sovereignty is at stake. Al-Maliki told reporters in Amman, Jordan, that Iraqi negotiators had rejected US proposals because they would infringe on Iraqi sovereignty. US troops killed five suspected Shiite gunmen and detained two others during a raid near Hillah, about 60 miles south of Baghdad. An Iraqi police spokesman said two civilians, including a woman, also were killed and three others wounded after they were caught in the crossfire. American jets fired on militants who were trying to launch rockets at Iraqi security forces and coalition troops in Amarah.
    (AP, 6/13/08)(AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 13, Ireland's voters rejected the EU reform treaty, a blueprint for modernizing the 27-nation bloc that cannot become law without Irish approval. A majority of voters appeared determined to register their opposition to the growth of a continental government that would erode Ireland's sense of independence. Grievances included fears of higher tax rates and planned cuts in farm subsidies.
    (AP, 6/13/08)(WSJ, 6/14/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 13, Israel confirmed plans to build 1,300 more apartments in east Jerusalem, immediately drawing the ire of Palestinians who accused it of sabotaging already rocky peace efforts. Hamas claimed responsibility for a house explosion a day earlier in northern Gaza that killed seven Palestinians, one of them an infant girl.
    (AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 13, In Indian-controlled Kashmir Islamic rebels ambushed an army vehicle and killed five Indian soldiers, including two senior officers.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 13, An Italian woman (47), whose family kept her locked in a room for almost two decades, was freed by police. She had been accused of becoming pregnant out of wedlock.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 13, Norway said it may seek foreign help to extinguish its biggest forest fire since World War Two, which has been raging for five days.
    (Reuters, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 13, Russian officials said four people were killed in Nazran, the biggest city in the Ingushetia region, in an explosion that destroyed a building.
    (Reuters, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 13, A Spanish judge jailed six Algerians on provisional charges of aiding terror groups linked to al-Qaida in North Africa.
    (AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 13, The US Embassy in Madrid said suspected Syrian arms dealer Monzer al-Kassar was extradited to the US. He was arrested in Spain in June 2007 as part of a US sting operation. The United States said he had plotted to buy weapons for leftist rebels in Colombia.
    (AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 13, In Sri Lanka's north clashes in the Welioya area killed seven rebels and four soldiers. 3 confrontations in Vavuniya and Mannar killed four rebels and three soldiers.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 13, Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe said liberation war veterans would take up arms if he loses a June 27 presidential run-off vote. UNICEF said some 500,000 Zimbabwean children are no longer getting the treatment and food they urgently need since the government suspended the work of humanitarian aid organizations.
    (Reuters, 6/13/08)(AFP, 6/13/08)

2009        Jun 13, Six Flags, an American theme park operator, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. 
    (Econ, 6/20/09, p.79)
2009        Jun 13, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a vehicle travelling between the eastern provinces of Paktya and Khost, near the border with Pakistan, and killed three Afghan construction workers.
    (AFP, 6/13/09)
2009        Jun 13, Algeria's national oil company Sonatrach announced it had awarded a 79.3-billion-dinar (1.11-billion-dollar, 793-million-euro) contract to the Canadian engineering firm SNC-Lavalin to build natural gas processing facilities.
    (AFP, 6/13/09)
2009        Jun 13, In Australia it was reported Barry Tannenbaum (43), an expatriate South African businessman, has denied any wrongdoing in an alleged investment scandal. Tannenbaum has been accused of fleecing rich South Africans in what has been billed as one of the country's biggest Ponzi-style investment scandals, according to local and South African media. The massive pyramid scheme reportedly cost wealthy investors up to $1.2 billion.
    (AFP, 6/13/09)
2009        Jun 13, In China a colorful show of drag queens dressed in Chinese opera costumes was one of the festivities that marked Shanghai's gay pride, the first in China where homosexuality remains largely hidden.
    (AP, 6/13/09)
2009        Jun 13, In India a rebellion by left-wing activists began against West Bengal state's communist rulers. About 1,800 state and federal troops were deployed to quell the uprising. By June 18 ten CPM activists had been killed as security camps and party offices were burned down.
    (AP, 6/20/09)
2009        Jun 13, In Iran supporters of the main election challenger to Mahmoud Ahmadinejad clashed with police and set up barricades of burning tires as authorities declared the hard-line president was re-elected with 62.6% of the vote to 33.75% to Mousavi. Saeed Leilaz, a university economics professor, was among a number or protesters who were arrested. In March 2010 Leilaz was sentenced to six years in prison for insulting the country's supreme leader, violating public order and participating in a plan to disturb the country's security.
    (AP, 6/13/09)(AP, 3/11/10)
2009        Jun 13, Brazil reported that a French ship had found six more bodies from Air France Flight 447, which would bring the total to 50. It went down May 31 with 228 on board.
    (AP, 6/13/09)
2009        Jun 13, In India a rebellion by left-wing activists began against West Bengal state's communist rulers. About 1,800 state and federal troops were deployed to quell the uprising. By June 18 ten CPM activists had been killed as security camps and party offices were burned down.
    (AP, 6/20/09)
2009        Jun 13, In Ingushetia gunmen fatally shoot Bashir Aushev, a former deputy prime minister who oversaw police agencies, as he stands outside his home in Nazran.
    (AP, 8/17/09)
2009        Jun 13, In Italy tens of thousands of gay rights activists demanding rights for same-sex couples marched through the streets of Rome on Saturday in a gay pride parade.
    (AP, 6/13/09)
2009        Jun 13, An Italian court ordered the recall of 10,000 tons of wood fuel pellets imported from Lithuania over fears that they could have dangerous levels of radioactivity. Test results showed that they contained cesium 137, a highly toxic radioactive substance normally produced by a nuclear explosion or from the combustion of a nuclear reactor. The contaminated pellets themselves were not dangerous to humans, but danger comes from the ashes and the smoke produced when they are burned.
    (AFP, 6/14/09)
2009        Jun 13, In Mexico 3 federal agents were killed in two separate attacks along a highway in the western state of Michoacan. In western Guerrero state gunmen ordered a priest and two seminarians out of their vehicle and shot them dead in the town of Arcelia.
    (AP, 6/14/09)(AP, 6/15/09)
2009        Jun 13, In Morocco with more than 80% of seats counted, the Authenticity and Modernity Party (PAM) had 4,854 seats, ahead of the governing Istiqlal (Independence) party with 4,246. PAM, founded by Fouad Ali El Himma, was created last year by lawmakers from five parties. It has positioned itself as an alternative to both opposition Islamists and Istiqlal, and has sought to combat voter apathy with promises to follow through on policy commitments. Provisional figures put the turnout at 51%.
    (Reuters, 6/13/09)(Econ, 7/4/09, p.42)
2009        Jun 13, North Korea vowed to step up its atomic bomb-making program and threatened war if its ships are stopped as part of new UN sanctions aimed at punishing the nation for its latest nuclear test.
    (AP, 6/13/09)
2009        Jun 13, Pakistan unveiled a deficit national budget, proposing an increase in defense expenditure to help fight Taliban militants while boosting agriculture and industrial output and reducing poverty. Pakistani troops reportedly killed 41 militants overnight in their offensive against the Taliban in the northwest. Jets bombed insurgent hideouts in response to two suicide attacks the previous day. 30 suspected militants were killed in strikes in South Waziristan.
    (AFP, 6/13/09)(AFP, 6/14/09)
2009        Jun 13, In the Philippines Al-Qaida-linked Abu Sayyaf militants holding Eugenio Vagni (62), an Italian Red Cross worker captive, killed five Philippine marines and wounded 10 others in an ambush on southern Jolo Island.
    (AP, 6/13/09)
2009        Jun 13, In Thailand 2 suspected insurgents riding a motorcycle hurled a bomb at a bus, killing one passenger and wounding 13 others in downtown Yala city. In Yala province's Bannang Sata district, a husband and wife were shot dead in an ambush while riding their motorcycle. In Narathiwat province a village headman's wife was killed and another person wounded while riding a motorcycle to a market.
    (AP, 6/13/09)
2009        Jun 13, A Turkish soldier and a Kurdish rebel were killed in fighting in the southeast of Turkey near the border with Iraq.
    (AFP, 6/14/09)
2009        Jun 13, In Vietnam civil rights lawyer Le Cong Dinh (41) was arrested at his home in Ho Chi Minh City. He faces up to 20 years in prison if convicted on charges of sabotaging the communist government. Three other pro-democracy activists, Le Thang Long, Tran Thi Thu and Le Thi Thu Thu, were soon arrested for colluding with Dinh.
    (AP, 6/18/09)

2010        Jun 13, In the 64th Tony Awards “Red," John Logan’s drama about painter Mark Rothko, won as the top drama. A revival of August Wilson’s “Fences" and the musical “Memphis" also won top honors.
    (SFC, 6/14/10, p.D1)
2010        Jun 13, Spirit Airlines announced that it has canceled all flights through Jun 15 as a pilot’s strike continued into a 2nd day.
    (SFC, 6/14/10, p.A6)
2010        Jun 13, Jimmy Dean, former country singer and sausage entrepreneur, died at his home in Virginia. His 1961 song “Big Bad John" won him a Grammy. In 1969 he started the Jimmy Dean Meat Co., which he sold to Sara Lee Corp. in 1984.
    (SFC, 6/14/10, p.C4)
2010        Jun 13, In central Afghanistan Taliban militants attacked a police post, sparking a day-long battle which killed 8 policemen, 4 civilians and 9 militants in the Kijran district of Day Kundi province.
    (AFP, 6/13/10)
2010        Jun 13, Belgium voters gave a stunning win in general elections to the New Flemish Alliance, a separatist party that wants Dutch and French-speakers to end years of acrimonious linguistic disputes, or go their own way and break up Belgium.
    (Reuters, 6/13/10)(AP, 6/14/10)
2010        Jun 13, The London School of Economics issued new research report saying Pakistan's main spy agency continues to arm and train the Taliban and is even represented on the group's leadership council despite US pressure to sever ties and billions in aid to combat the militants.
    (AP, 6/13/10)
2010        Jun 13, The London-based Mo Ibrahim Foundation said that for the second year in a row its $5 million annual prize for good governance in Africa will not be awarded.
    (AP, 6/13/10)
2010        Jun 13, Colombian soldiers freed two high-ranking police officers and an army sergeant who were among the longest-held rebel captives during a raid in the nation's southern jungle. The rescue operation freed police Gen. Luis Mendieta and Col. Enrique Murillo, both captured by leftist FARC, guerrillas in a November 1998 siege of the eastern provincial capital of Mitu. Sgt. Arbey Delgado and Lt. Col. William Donato were taken in August of the same year during a rebel attack on an anti-drug outpost in the southern jungle town of Miraflores. Donato was found the next day.
    (AP, 6/13/10)(AP, 6/15/10)
2010        Jun 13, Egyptian security forces in Cairo hit protesters and knocked some to the ground before rounding dozens up at a demonstration against a police beating that killed a young man a week ago.
    (AP, 6/13/10)
2010        Jun 13, Iran and Pakistan formally signed a $7 billion export deal which commits the Islamic republic to supplying its eastern neighbor with natural gas from 2014.
    (Reuters, 6/13/10)
2010        Jun 13, In Iraq gunmen trying to rob the central bank in Baghdad battled security forces for hours after bombs ripped through a nearby area, leaving as many as 26 dead, including 3 suicide bombers. Police blamed al Qaeda in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/13/10)(SFC, 6/14/10, p.A4)
2010        Jun 13, Japan’s Hayabusa space probe, which scientists hope contains material from the surface of an asteroid returned to Earth, landed in the remote Australian outback following a 7-year journey.
    (AFP, 6/13/10)(SFC, 6/15/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 13, In Kenya 2 grenade blasts ripped through a downtown Nairobi park at dusk as a rally against the country's proposed constitution was concluding. 6 people were killed as the crowd of thousands stampeded out of the park after the second explosion. Those at the rally opposed the draft constitution because it would allow abortions in life-threatening pregnancies and recognize Islamic courts. The draft will be voted on Aug 4.
    (AP, 6/14/10)(AP, 6/15/10)(Econ, 6/19/10, p.50)
2010        Jun 13, Kyrgyz mobs burned Uzbek villages and slaughtered their residents in the worst ethnic rioting this Central Asian nation has seen in 20 years. Officials said more than 75,000 Uzbek refugees have fled the rising ethnic violence, amid reports of Kyrgyz mobs torching Uzbek villages and slaughtering their residents. At least 371 people were killed in the rioting that began on June 10.
    (AP, 6/13/10)(Econ, 10/2/10, p.44)
2010        Jun 13, Libya said that Switzerland has paid $1.5 million for mistreating Moammar Gadhafi's son during his arrest there in 2008, and Switzerland expected the return of Max Goeldi , a citizen held in Tripoli, as the countries ended a two-year diplomatic row.
    (AP, 6/13/10)
2010        Jun 13, In Mexico 9 people were killed when a plane belonging to a politician running for governor in Quintana Roo state crashed. Roberto Borge, the powerful Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI)'s candidate for governor, was not aboard at the time.
    (AFP, 6/14/10)
2010        Jun 13, Nepal’s PM Madhav Kumar Nepal and Forest Minister Deepak Bohara summoned conservation officials and the chiefs of police and army ordering them to come up with a strategy to halt the killing of endangered rhinos. 28 of the endangered animals had been killed over the past 11 months.
    (AP, 6/14/10)
2010        Jun 13, An American armed with a pistol and a 40-inch (102-cm) sword was detained in northern Pakistan and told investigators he was on a solo mission to kill Osama bin Laden. He was identified as Gary Brooks Faulkner (52), a Californian construction worker. Faulkner returned to the US on June 23 with no charges filed against him.
    (AP, 6/15/10)(AP, 6/23/10)
2010        Jun 13, Amr Moussa, the head of the 22-member Arab League, met with the top Hamas leader in Gaza, PM Ismail Haniyeh, in a significant diplomatic boost for Hamas.
    (AP, 6/14/10)
2010        Jun 13, In the central Philippines a bus rented by Iranian medical students plunged into a ravine while negotiating a mountain road, killing 21 people and injuring 26 others.
    (AP, 6/13/10)(AP, 6/14/10)

2011        Jun 13, Forty years after their release caused a sensation, the entire collection of the so-called “Pentagon Papers" was made available to the public, both on line and in 47 volumes of hard-copy documents. On June 13, 1971, defense analyst Daniel Ellsberg leaked some of the then-top secret documents to the New York Times, revealing to the American public previously hidden facts about the government’s involvement in Vietnam, including damaging information about mistakes that had been made.
            (NYT, 6/8/11, p. A12)(AP, 6/13/11)
2011        Jun 13, The US Dept. of Justice said Hecla Mining Co. will pay $263 million to settle one of the nation’s largest Superfund lawsuits for releasing mining waste into the environment in Idaho.
    (SFC, 6/14/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 13, In NYC Zvi Goffer, former Galleon Group LLC hedge fund trader, was convicted on all counts for insider trading. His brother and Michael Kimelman were also found guilty of conspiracy and securities fraud.
    (SFC, 6/14/11, p.D2) 
2011        Jun 13, In southern California an indictment was unsealed charging radiologist Dr. Sim Hoffman, neurologist Dr. Thomas Heric and two staffers in a $17 million workers’ compensation insurance fraud scheme.
    (SFC, 6/13/11, p.C3)
2011        Jun 13, In San Francisco an independent arbitrator ruled that municipal transport operators must work under a contract they overwhelmingly rejected last week.
    (SFC, 6/14/11, p.A1)
2011        Jun 13, The Center for Reproductive Rights filed a lawsuit against a New Texas law, effective Sep 1, requiring doctors to conduct a sonogram and describe a fetus’ features before performing an abortion.
2011        Jun 13, The death of Betty Neumar, a 79 year old grandmother, left authorities with many unanswered questions. Neumar was a suspect in a North Carolina murder: she was accused of soliciting someone to kill her husband. But investigators also discovered that over the years, she had been married five times, and several of her husbands died under suspicious circumstances. Authorities were looking into those other cases, but her death may mean they will never be resolved.  
            (AP, 6/13/11)
2011        Jun 13, The World Justice Project released a report on the status of the rule of law in 66 countries. On access to civil justice America ranked 21.
    (Econ, 6/25/11, p.40)
2011        Jun 13, A conference of international philanthropists, in association with the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation, took place in London. Participants, including former Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates, pledged $4.3 billion to purchase vaccines for children in poor countries. The vaccines will help to eradicate such diseases as diphtheria, whooping cough, and measles.
            (Reuters, 6/13/11)
2011        Jun 13, In China severe flooding caused by days of torrential rains has led to 105 deaths. The heavy rains have also resulted in a number of mudslides, with the province of Hunan the hardest hit. 
            (AP, 6/13/11)
2011        Jun 13, Egypt’s military told human rights advocates that at least 7,000 civilians have been sentenced to prison terms by military courts since the ouster of Pres. Hosni Mubarek.
    (SFC, 6/14/11, p.A2)
2011          Jun 13, Speaking in Ethiopia to members of the African Union, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton spoke out against African leaders with despotic regimes, and encouraged democratic reforms in those countries. Mrs. Clinton, the first US Secretary of State to address a session of the African Union, encouraged members to break ties with Libyan strongman Muammar Khaddafi and to support the rebels fighting to overthrow him. She was on a five-day diplomatic trip to three countries.
            (AP, 6/13/11)
2011            Jun 13, At a photo opportunity in Hessen, Germany, a quick-thinking pilot of the Goodyear Blimp saved lives as he lost his own in a fiery crash. Pilot Mike Nerandzic was in the air allowing journalists to take pictures for a road safety campaign when the blimp began to experience problems. Nerandzic flew low enough for journalists in the blimp to escape, but then the blimp burst into flames; the pilot managed to direct it away from onlookers and camera crews before it crashed, killing him.
    (Yahoo News, 6/14/11)(
2011        Jun 13, Italian voters turned out in large numbers to defeat laws passed by Premier Berlusconi’s government to revive nuclear energy, privatize the water supply and help him avoid prosecution.
    (SFC, 6/14/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 13, Lebanon PM Najib Mikati announced a new Cabinet dominated by the Hezbollah militant group.
    (SFC, 6/14/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 13, In Libya NATO attack helicopters struck two of Khadafy’s military boats of the coast of Misrata.
    (SFC, 6/15/11, p.A3)
2011        Jun 13, In New Zealand strong aftershocks rattled Christchurch. Thousands of aftershocks have followed the 6.3 quake that killed 181 people on Feb 22.
    (SFC, 6/14/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 13, As the Palestinian Authority prepared for diplomatic talks in Cairo, dissension broke out between the two factions in the government, Hamas and Fatah, over choosing a leader for their unity government. Palestinian Authority president and leader of Fatah Mahmoud Abbas has been unable to persuade Hamas to accept his choice to lead the unity government, Salam Fayyad. While Fayyad, the current prime minister of the PA, is considered a moderate and is acceptable to western countries, Hamas regards him negatively, accusing him of trying to close down Hamas’ institutions and being too co-operative with Israel.    
            (NYT, 6/13/11)
2011        Jun 13, In Papua New Guinea Theo Abal (21), the adopted son of the acting PM Sam Abal, slashed the throat of a 29-year-old hostess he met in a bar. Abal was charged with murder after the body of the waitress was found at the family home.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 13, Peru’s Pres. Alan Garcia announced his plan to build the world’s tallest statue of Jesus Christ, standing 120 ft. high. Among those to object is the mayor of Lima, Susan Villaran, who noted that such a tall statue would negatively impact the skyline and overshadow other tourist attractions.  
            (AFP, 6/13/11)
2011        Jun 13, Police in Turkey rounded up 32 alleged members of Anonymous, hacker group, which had recently attacked a couple of official websites.
    (Econ, 6/18/11, p.67)
2011        Jun 13, Yemen’s acting president agreed with opposition parties to begin discussions on how to transfer power from Pres. Saleh.
    (SFC, 6/14/11, p.A3)

2012        Jun 13, The US Justice Dept. dismissed all remaining charges against former North Carolina Senator John Edwards.
    (SFC, 6/14/12, p.A8)
2012        Jun 13, JP Morgan CEO Jamie Dimon testified before a Senate committee over the company’s $2 billion trading loss, that was disclosed on May 10.
    (SFC, 6/14/12, p.E3)
2012        Jun 13, In San Francisco Matt Cain pitched a perfect game in a 10-0 victory over the Houston Astros. This was a first for the SF Giants and only the 22nd perfect game in major league history.
    (SFC, 6/14/12, p.A12)
2012        Jun 13, In Buffalo, NY, Jackie Wisniewski (33), a nursing student, died on the floor of the Erie County Medical Center. Dr. Timothy V. Jorden (49) was sought in connection to the death of his one-time lover. Jorden apparently shot himself dead on June 13. Police found his body on June 15.
    (, 6/16/12, p.A5)
2012        Jun 13, ICANN revealed the Internet names of 1,400 new generic top-level domain names.
    (Econ, 6/16/12, p.76)
2012        Jun 13, Bangladesh refused three more boatloads of Rohingya Muslims fleeing sectarian violence in Myanmar, despite growing calls for the border to be opened. A UN rights envoy warned that violence posed a threat to Myanmar’s shift towards democracy, as the death toll from almost a week of unrest rose to 28.
    (AFP, 6/13/12)(AFP, 6/14/12)
2012        Jun 13, In Brazil dialogue began on Green Agriculture: Towards Sustainable Agricultural Economies as part of the Rio+20 conference on sustainable development. The final 3-days, set to run from June 20  to June 22, will include 130 top leaders from around the globe.
    (SFC, 6/14/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 13, Cambodia arrested French architect Patrick Devillers, with ties to disgraced Chinese politician Bo Xilai, in a new twist to China's biggest political scandal in decades. Devillers was released on July 17 and flew to China voluntarily to help its investigation.
    (AFP, 6/19/12)(AFP, 7/18/12)
2012        Jun 13, Mississauga, Canada, teen Yoonseo Kang was one of 20 recipients of the $100,000 Thiel Fellowship, a program that encourages bright minds to pursue innovative, entrepreneurial projects outside of a classroom setting. His desire to build a better future influenced his decision to move to Missouri's Open Source Ecology (OSE) farm "to become part of a project that encourages everyday people to build their own machines.
2012        Jun 13, China jailed two ex-chiefs of its football association, four former national team players and two others, in the culmination of a major crackdown on corruption in the scandal-plagued sport.
    (AFP, 6/13/12)
2012        Jun 13, Chinese dairy maker Yili started recalling batches of baby formula after authorities found they contained high levels of mercury. The recall covered baby formula produced from November 2011 to May 2012.
    (AFP, 6/14/12)
2012        Jun 13, Colombia’s bank began issuing new coins in denominations of 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1,000 pesos, all featuring pictures of native animals. The bimetallic 1,000-peso (US$0.55) coin depicts a loggerhead sea turtle.
2012        Jun 13, In southeast India at least 10 people were killed and several others seriously injured in an explosion at a steel factory in Andhra Pradesh state.
    (AFP, 6/14/12)
2012        Jun 13, In Iraq a wave of car bombs struck Shiite pilgrims in 7 cities and towns, from Baghdad to Hillah, Karbala, Taji and Balad, killing over 80 people in 22 separate explosions targeting an annual Shiite pilgrimage commemorating the 8th century death of revered imam. Al-Qaeda's front group, the Islamic State of Iraq, later claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 6/13/12)(AP, 6/14/12)(AFP, 6/22/12)(Econ, 6/16/12, p.57)
2012        Jun 13, Libyan state news said tribal clashes in the west and south have left at least 15 people dead over the last 48 hours.
    (SFC, 6/14/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 13, Carlos Slim, Mexican telecommunications billionaire, acquired an 8.4% stake in Argentina's newly state-controlled oil and gas producer, YPF S.A. A filing with the US Securities and Exchange Commission said Slim and members of his family acquired 32.9 million shares of YPF Class D shares on June 12 and 13.
    (AP, 6/15/12)
2012        Jun 13, Syria’s the official SANA news agency quoted officials as saying the northwest region of Al-Haffe has been "cleansed" of terrorists and "calm has been restored" in the area. Rebels withdrew from the besieged town of Al-Haffe and nearby villages that had been under intense shelling by regime forces for eight days. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov accused the United States of supplying weapons to Syria's rebels.
    (AFP, 6/13/12)
2012        Jun 13, Togo security forces broke up a demonstration to protest changes to the electoral law with tear gas. The opposition claimed 119 people were wounded over the two days amid government "repression."
    (AFP, 6/14/12)
2012        Jun 13, A Tunisian military court convicted former president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in absentia of inciting violence and sentenced him to 20 years in prison. Tunisia has repeatedly asked Saudi Arabia to extradite Ben Ali so he can face the charges in person. Calm returned after days of riots by radical Islamists across the country left 62 members of the security forces injured and led to 162 arrests.
    (AP, 6/13/12)
2012        Jun 13, A Turkish foreign ministry official said around 2,500 Syrians have fled to Turkey in the last 48 hours amid fresh attacks that even targeted UN observers.
    (AFP, 6/13/12)
2012        Jun 13, A UN independent group of experts on CongoDRC briefed the UN Security Council saying very senior Rwandans, including the minister of defense, were backing rebels in the eastern Kivu provinces. Its report was published on June 29.
    (Econ, 7/7/12, p.48)
2012        Jun 13, The Vatican proposed making the breakaway Society of St. Pius X, founded in 1969, a "personal prelature," akin to a diocese without borders, during a meeting with Bishop Bernard Fellay, the society's superior.
    (AP, 6/14/12)

2013        Jun 13, The US announced increased military aid to Syria and said it had conclusive evidence that Assad's regime has used chemical weapons, including the nerve agent sarin, on a small scale against opposition forces. The White House said multiple chemical attacks last year killed up to 150 people.
    (AP, 6/14/13)
2013        Jun 13, The US Supreme Court ruled that companies cannot patent parts of naturally-occurring human genes, a decision with the potential to profoundly affect the emerging and lucrative medical and biotechnology industries. The court gave Myriad Genetics a partial victory, ruling that while naturally-occurring DNA was not patentable, synthetically-created DNA could be patented.
    (AP, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 13, In Colorado a wildfire northeast of Colorado Springs destroyed at least 360 homes as it burned for a 3rd day leaving at least 2 people dead.
    (SFC, 6/14/13, p.A15)
2013        Jun 13, In Louisiana an explosion and fire killed one person and injured 73 at the Williams Olefins chemical plant in Geismar.
    (Reuters, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 13, Texas Gov. Rick Perry signed a law protecting Christmas and other holiday celebrations in state public schools from legal challenges.
    (AP, 6/14/13)
2013        Jun 13, "The Fast Diet", also known as the 5:2 diet, is the brainchild of TV medical journalist Michael Mosley and journalist Mimi Spencer and allows people to eat what they want for five days but only eat 600 calories a day on the other two. Their book, "The Fast Diet", has topped bestselling book lists in Britain and the United States this year and been reprinted more than a dozen times.
    (Reuters, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 13, Argentina sentenced former President Carlos Menem, now a Senator, to 7 years in prison for illegally smuggling weapons to Ecuador and Croatia in violation of international embargoes in the 1990s. He could remain free indefinitely while the Supreme Court studies any appeal.
    (AP, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 13, In Argentina a 2-level commuter train slammed into another that had stopped between stations during the morning commute in a suburb of Buenos Aires. 3 passengers were killed and over 300 injured.
    (AP, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 13, In Brazil over 100 protesters and 12 police were injured and 230 people detained as thousands of demonstrators clashed with police in Sao Paulo over hikes in bus and subway fares. Similar protests took place in Rio, Brasilia and Porte Alegre.
    (SFC, 6/15/13, p.A2)
2013        Jun 13, An influential committee of British lawmakers accused search company Google of dodging its taxes in a scathing report that said the US Internet company took on highly contrived arrangements serving no purpose other than to avoid paying its fair share.
    (AP, 6/14/13)
2013        Jun 13, China’s state media reported that automated controls guided the Shenzhou 10 space capsule in its successful docking with the Tiangong-1 space lab. The astronauts will enter the module next week to conduct experiments during their 12-day mission.
    (AP, 6/13/13)(SFC, 6/14/13, p.A2)
2013        Jun 13, Ecuador passed a new mining law imposing an 8% ceiling on previously open-ended royalties and streamlined the permit processes.
    (Econ, 6/22/13, p.41)
2013        Jun 13, Egyptian pilots working for the national carrier staged a 10-hour sit-in protest, delaying 22 flights in an effort to press their demands for management changes and bonus payments.
    (AP, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 13, Ethiopia's parliament ratified the new Nile River Cooperative Framework Agreement, an accord already signed by five other Nile River countries. It replaces colonial-era deals that awarded Egypt and Sudan the majority of the world's longest river.
    (AP, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 13, French rail workers walked off the job to protest a reorganization of the national rail and train companies. Up to 70% of train journeys in France were canceled. The action began the previous evening and was set to end the morning of June 14.
    (AP, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 13, Germany-based Opel said GM signed an agreement today to start building its Corsa model at facilities owned by partner Unison in Belarus.
    (AP, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 13, In Greece thousands walked off the job in the 3rd general strike of the year. More than 10,000 protesters rallied outside the public broadcasting headquarters in Athens in support of fired staff, who for a third day occupied the building to continue broadcasts in defiance of the government.
    (AP, 6/13/13)(SFC, 6/14/13, p.A3)
2013        Jun 13, The governor of Iraq's northern Sunni-dominated province of Ninevah escaped an assassination attempt in Mosul that left 2 people killed and three others wounded.
    (AP, 6/14/13)
2013        Jun 13, Nicaragua’s Congress voted to give Wang Jing the concession to build a canal across the country. His HK Nicaragua Canal Development Investment Co. still has to study whether the idea is truly economically viable. The vote gave his Hong Kong-based company 50 years of exclusive rights to study the plan and build and operate a canal in exchange for Nicaragua receiving a minority share of any profits.
    (AP, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 13, In Nigeria  extremists sought out the Rev. Jacob Kwiza, a retired pastor with the Church of Christ in Nigeria. They found him picking mangoes in his father's garden in the Gwoza hills, about 150 km (90 miles) from Maiduguri. The fighters ordered Kwiza to renounce his Christian faith and convert to Islam on pain of death. When he repeatedly refused, they slit his throat.
    (AP, 6/26/13)(
2013        Jun 13, Syrian rebels battled regime forces for control of a key military base in the central Hama province after chasing soldiers out and setting fire to installations there.
    (AP, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 13, Turkey’s PM Erdogan declared "lawbreakers" will be removed from Istanbul's Taksim Square." Ethem Sarisuluk (26), who had been on life support for days, was pronounced dead. He was believed to have been hit in the head by a tear gas canister on June 1 during protests in Ankara. This raised the death toll to 5 from the two-week standoff.
    (AP, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 13, The UN human rights office said Syria's spiraling violence has resulted in the confirmed killings of nearly 93,000 people but the real number is likely to be far higher.
    (AP, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 13, The UN said the world’s population will increase from 7.2 billion  today to 8.1 billion by 2025, and to 9.6 billion by 2050.
    (SFC, 6/14/13, p.A2)
2013        Jun 13, Vietnam police arrested Pham Viet Dao (61), one of the country's best known bloggers, for posting criticism of the communist government.
    (AP, 6/14/13)
2013        Jun 13, In Yemeni thousands protested in the capital against "excesses" by security forces, calling for the overthrow of the president and national security apparatus.
    (AP, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 13, Zimbabwe's Pres. Mugabe officially announced that elections will go ahead on July 31 despite opposition from the prime minister, setting the stage for a political standoff between the longtime rivals.
    (AP, 6/13/13)

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