Today in History - June 20
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Jun 20, Roman and Barbarian warriors halted Attila’s army at the
Catalaunian Plains (Catalarinische Fields) in eastern France. Attila
the Hun was defeated by a combined Roman and Visigoth army.
Theodoric I, the Visigothic king, was killed. The Huns moved south
into Italy but were defeated again. Some sources date this on Sep
20. Attila and his brother Bleda jointly inherited the Hunnish
Kingdom, headquartered in what later became Hungary. Attila later
murdered Bleda to gain full control.
Jun 20, Jews were expelled from Brazil by order of regent Don
Jun 20, Willem Barents, Dutch explorer who discovered Spitsbergen
& Bereneil, died. In 1995 Rayner Unwin authored “A Winter Away
from Home,” an account of Barents’ Arctic voyages.
(WUD, 1994 p.120)(SSFC, 12/10/00, p.C17)(MC,
Jun 20, Britain granted 2nd Lord Baltimore rights to Chesapeake Bay
Jun 20, Nicholas Rowe, poet laureate of England, was born.
1675 Jun 20, King Philip’s War
began when Indians--retaliating for the execution of three of their
people who had been charged with murder by the English--massacred
colonists at Swansea, Plymouth colony. Abenaki, Massachusetts,
Mohegan & Wampanoag Indians formed an anti English front.
Wampanoag warriors attacked livestock and looted farms.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Philip%27s_War)(AH, 6/02, p.46)
Jun 20, Adam Ferguson, Scottish man of letters, philosopher,
historian, and patriot, was born. He wrote "Principals of Moral and
Jun 20, The British warship Centurion under Commodore George Anson
engaged and overcame the Spanish treasure galleon, Nuestra Senora de
Covadonga, near the Philippines. 58 Spaniards were killed and 83
wounded. Anson captured over 1 million Spanish silver dollars and
500 pounds of native silver.
(ON, 4/01, p.7)
Jun 20, In India rebels defeated the British army at Calcutta.
British soldiers were imprisoned in a suffocating cell that gained
notoriety as the "Black Hole of Calcutta." Most of them died. The
exact circumstances of this incident, such as the number of
prisoners, originally put at 146, are disputed.
(HN, 6/20/98)(AP, 6/20/07)
Jun 20, Theobald Wolfe Tone (d.1798), Irish nationalist, was born.
Jun 20, Congress approved the Great Seal of the United States and
the eagle as its symbol.
(AP, 6/20/97)(SFC, 6/2/04, G9)
Jun 20, Oath on the Tennis Court in Versailles, France, bonded
members of the Third Estate to resist eviction until they have a new
Jun 20, King Louis XVI of France attempted to flee the country in
the so-called Flight to Varennes, but was caught.
Jun 20, Jacques Offenbach (d.1880), French composer (Tales of
Hoffmann), was born in Cologne. His work included the comedy opera
"Barbe-Bleue" (Blue Beard).
(MC, 6/20/02)(WSJ, 2/20/98, p.A16)
Jun 20, The paddle-wheel steamship Savannah arrives in Liverpool,
England, after a voyage of 27 days and 11 hours--the first steamship
to successfully cross the Atlantic.
Jun 20, Coronation of French king Charles X, the surviving brother
of guillotined Louis XVI.
Jun 20, Queen Victoria (18) ascended the British throne following
the death of her uncle, King William IV (b.1765). She ruled for 63
years to 1901.
(AP, 6/20/97)(WSJ, 4/27/00, p.A24)(HN, 6/20/01)
Jun 20, Samuel F.B. Morse, a popular artist, patented his telegraph.
Jun 20, Charles Chesnutt, African-American novelist, was born in
Cleveland. In 2002 Werner Sollors edited “Chesnutt: Stories, Novels,
(HN, 6/20/01)(WSJ, 1/22/02, p.A11)
Jun 20, West Virginia became the 35th state.
Jun 20, Battle of Petersburg, VA, in trenches.
Jun 20, Lord George ESMH Carnarvon, Egyptologist (Tutankhamen), was
born in England.
Jun 20, Pres. Andrew Johnson announced the purchase of Alaska.
Jun 20, Antonio L de Santa Ana, president of Mexico and victor at
Jun 20, Kurt Schwitters (d.1948), German artist, was born. He spent
a year and a half in an internment camp on the Isle of Man during WW
II where he managed to create some 200 works of art from salvaged
(WSJ, 8/19/97, p.A17)(HN, 6/20/01)
Jun 20, A jury in New Bedford, Mass., found Lizzie Borden innocent
of the ax murders of her father, wealthy Fall River, Massachusetts,
businessman Andrew Borden and his wife, Abby Borden. Lizzie Borden,
defended by a team of skilled lawyers, was acquitted—some say on the
strength of her lawyers’ portrayal of Lizzie as a respectable woman
who could not have committed such brutal acts. Local townspeople
were unconvinced, however, and Lizzie Borden was ostracized for the
rest of her life.
(AP, 6/20/97)(HNPD, 8/4/98)
Jun 20, George Delacorte, philanthropist, publisher (Dell Books),
was born in NYC.
Jun 20, During the Spanish-American War on the way to the
Philippines to fight the Spanish, the U.S. Navy cruiser Charleston
seized the island of Guam.
(AP, 6/20/98)(HN, 6/20/98)
Jun 20, Jean Moulin, French Resistance fighter against Nazi Germany,
Jun 20, Charlotte M. Manye of South Africa became the first native
African to graduate from
Jun 20, Lillian Hellman (d.1984), American author and playwright
(The Little Foxes, Toys in the Attic), was born. “Success and
failure are not true opposites and they’re not even in the same
class; they’re not even a couch and a chair.”
(AP, 1/28/01)(HN, 6/20/01)
Jun 20, Errol Flynn, actor who starred in “The Adventures of Robin
Hood” and “Captain Blood” among many other movies, was born.
Jun 20, The first honeymoon in a balloon.
(HFA, '96, p.32)
Jun 20, Chester Arthur Burnett (d.1976) was born in West Point,
Mississippi. He later became known as the blues singer Howlin’ Wolf.
(SSFC, 7/4/04, p.M6)(www.britannica.com)
Jun 20, Josephine Johnson, Pulitzer Prize-winning author
(Jordanstown, Wildwood), was born.
Jun 20, Mexican President Porfirio Diaz proclaimed martial law and
Jun 20, There was a German offensive in Argonne.
Jun 20, Treaty of Versailles: Germany ended the incorporation of
Austria. [see Jun 28]
Jun 20, Race riots in Chicago, Illinois left two dead and many
Jun 20, Pres. Harding set out on a 7,500-mile “Voyage of
Understanding” through the northwest. The 57-year-old Harding, who
suffered from heart disease, was so shaken by breaking reports of
corruption in his administration that he went on a cross-country
speaking tour to strengthen his position.
(SFC, 8/1/98, p.A19)(HN, 8/2/98)
Jun 20, France announced it would seize the Rhineland to assist
Germany in paying her war debts.
Jun 20, Chet Atkins, guitarist, was born.
Jun 20, Audie Murphy was born in Kingston, Tx. He became the most
decorated American soldier of World War II who went on to make
movies and write a book about his war experiences called “To Hell
(HN, 6/20/98)(MC, 6/20/02)
Jun 20, Jean-Marie Le-Pen, leader of the National Front party in
France, was born.
Jun 20, Olympia Dukakis, actress (Moonstruck, Cemetery Club), was
born in Lowell, Mass.
Jun 20, Jesse Owens of US set a 100 meter record at 10.2 sec.
Jun 20, U.S. Army Air Forces was established, replacing the Army Air
Jun 20, Brian Wilson (Beach Boys), was born.
Jun 20, Adolf Eichmann proclaimed the deportation of Dutch Jews.
Jun 20, Race-related rioting erupted in Detroit; federal troops were
sent in two days later to quell the violence that resulted in 34
deaths and 600 wounded.
(AP, 6/20/97)(SSFC, 12/17/00, Par p.5)
Jun 20, The US Congress chartered the Central Intelligence Agency
Jun 20, Vice Admiral Marc Mitchner, commander of the U.S. Task Force
58, ordered all lights on his ships turned on to help guide his
carrier-based pilots back from the Battle of the Philippine Sea.
1944 Jun 20, The Japanese
aircraft carrier Hijo was sunk by a gasoline-vapor explosion caused
by an American torpedo hit during the Battle of the Philippine Sea
on 20 June 1944 with the loss of 247 officers and ratings, about a
fifth of her complement.
Jun 20, Nazis began mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz.
Jun 20, Andre Watts, pianist, was born.
Jun 20, President Truman vetoed the Taft-Hartley Act, but had his
veto overridden by Congress. The act declared the closed shop
illegal and permitted the union shop only following a majority
employee vote. [see Jun 4]
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(SFC, 9/26/96, p.C2)(AP,
6/20/97)(SFC, 10/4/02, p.A17)
1947 Jun 20, Benjamin "Bugsy"
Siegel (b.1906) was shot dead at the Beverly Hills, Calif., mansion
of his girlfriend, Virginia Hill, at the order of mob associates
angered over the soaring costs of Siegel’s pet project, the Flamingo
resort in Las Vegas, Nev. Siegel was known as one of the most
"infamous and feared gangsters of his day". Described as handsome
and charismatic, he became one of the first front-page celebrity
gangsters. He was also a driving force behind the development of the
Las Vegas Strip. Siegel was not only influential within the Jewish
mob but, like his friend and fellow gangster Meyer Lansky, he also
held significant influence within the American Mafia and the largely
Italian-Jewish National Crime Syndicate.
Jun 20, The variety series "Toast of the Town," hosted by Ed
Sullivan, debuted on CBS-TV. Guests included Dean Martin, Jerry
Lewis, concert pianist Eugene List, and Broadway songwriters Rodgers
and Hammerstein. The program became "The Ed Sullivan Show" in 1955.
Jun 20, John Goodman (actor: Roseanne, The Flintstones, The Babe),
Jun 20, Ilan Ramon, Israeli pilot and astronaut, was born in Tel
Aviv. He was among the 7 astronauts killed in the US Columbia space
shuttle tragedy Feb 1, 2003.
(SSFC, 2/2/03, p.A8)
Jun 20, Michael Anthony, (bassist for Van Halen), was born.
Jun 20, The 10th commemorative session of the UN opened in SF with
delegates from 60 nations. Pres. Eisenhower pledged a US policy of
“peaceful and reasonable negotiations” with all other powers.
(SFC, 6/17/05, p.F3)
Jun 20, The AFL and CIO agreed to combine names
for a merged group.
Jun 20, FBI headquarters learned of Ronald
Reagan’s desire to star in the film “The FBI Story.” The bureau
rejected the idea because of Reagan’s association with Communist
front organizations in the 1940s.
(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F3)
Jun 20, The United States and Soviet Union signed
an agreement to set up a hot line communications link between the
two superpowers and a treaty was signed limiting nuclear testing.
(TMC, 1994, p.1963)(AP, 6/20/97)(HN, 6/20/98)
Jun 20, General William Westmoreland succeeded
General Paul Harkins as head of the U.S. forces in Vietnam.
1967 Jun 20, Boxer Muhammad Ali
was convicted in Houston of violating Selective Service laws by
refusing to be drafted. He was soon sentenced to five years in
prison but was released on appeal. His conviction was overturned
three years later by the US Supreme Court.
1969 Jun 20, Georges Jean
Raymond Pompidou (1911-1974) former PM of France (1962 to 1968)
began serving as president and continued until his death in 1974.
1969 Jun 20, Jacques
Chaban-Delmas (1915-2000) began serving as prime minister of France
under Georges Pompidou and continued to July 6, 1972. He was a hero
of the French Resistance and served as the mayor of Bordeaux for 48
Jun 20, A 5-day Glastonbury Fair opened at Worthy
Farm near Glastonbury, England. Arabella Spencer-Churchill
(1949-2007), granddaughter of former PM Winston Churchill, helped
found the fair. It featured Hawkwind, Traffic, Melanie, David Bowie,
Joan Baez and Fairport Convention, and attracted some 12,000 people.
Revived as a three-day festival in 1979, it had grown by 2007 to
draw 153,000 people to hear acts including Coldplay, Brian Wilson,
Kaiser Chiefs and Elvis Costello.
Jun 20, President Richard Nixon named General
Creigton Abrams as Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. armed forces.
Jun 20, Pres. Nixon recorded on tape information
relating to the Jun 16 Watergate break-in. Sections of the tape were
later erased, allegedly accidentally by sec. Rose Mary Woods. A
panel of experts examined the tape to see if the 18-minute gap was
intentional. Richard H. Bolt (d.2002 at 90), acoustic expert at
Bolt, Beranek and Newman, later said that if it was an accident than
it was committed at least 5 times in the 18 minutes.
(SFC, 2/4/02, p.B5)
Jun 20, Juan Peron (1895-1974) returned to
Jun 20, The Steven Spielberg shark thriller
"Jaws" was first released.
Jun 20, The 1st oil of the Alaska pipeline began
to flow south 799 miles from Prudhoe Bay to the port of Valdez. It
reached Valdez on Jul 28.
Jun 20, Robin Samsoe (12) was kidnapped in
Huntington Beach, Ca. Her dismembered and decomposing body was found
12 days later in the Angeles National Forest. Rodney Alcala was
arrested and convicted of the slaying in 1980, but the sentence was
overturned. He was convicted again in 1986 but a judge faulted the
ruling in 2005 and a retrial was scheduled. Alcala pleaded innocent
to 4 other sex-torture killings that dated back to 1977.
Jun 20, Nikola Kavaja (d.2008 at 77) hijacked a
US passenger jet with the intention of crashing it into Yugoslav
Communist Party headquarters in Belgrade. He abandoned his hijack
mission in Ireland, saying at the time he was not sure of the exact
location of the downtown party office and did not want innocent
civilians to die if the jet missed the target.
Jun 20, ABC News correspondent Bill Stewart was
shot to death in Managua, Nicaragua, by a member of President
Anastasio Somoza's national guard.
Jun 20, Lake Powell, straddling the Arizona-Utah
border behind the Glen Canyon Dam, completed its fill, which began
Jun 20, The crew of the space shuttle Challenger,
including America's first woman in space, Sally K. Ride, launched
the Indonesian-owned Palapa B communications satellite into orbit.
Jun 20, Tens of thousands of riot police in South
Korea clashed with demonstrators.
Jun 20, The US Supreme Court unanimously upheld a
New York City law making it illegal for private clubs to generally
exclude women and minorities.
Jun 20, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev
greeted the speaker of Iran's parliament, Hashemi Rafsanjani, who
was visiting Moscow.
Jun 20, South African black nationalist Nelson
Mandela and his wife, Winnie, arrived in New York City for a
ticker-tape parade in their honor as they began an eight-city US
Jun 20, In Russia the Communist Initiative
created its neoconservative Russian Communist Party. Among the
founders were Gennady Zyuganov, Valentin Kuptsov, and Alexander
Rutskoi. Gorbachev still ran the country.
(SFC, 6/10/96, p.A16)
Jun 20, Boris Yeltsin, the newly elected
president of the Russian republic, was welcomed to the White House
by President Bush.
Jun 20, German lawmakers voted to move the seat
of the national government from Bonn back to Berlin.
(SFEC, 6/27/99, p.A24)(AP, 6/20/01)
1992 Jun 20, Indian officials
raided Vachathi village in southern Tamil Nadu state to search for
smuggled sandalwood. 18 women were reportedly raped and 100 people
were badly beaten during the two-day raid. On Sep 29, 2011, an
Indian court found 17 police and forest officials guilty of raping
the group of lower-caste women.
Jun 20, An enraged mob forced South African
President F.W. de Klerk to cut short a visit to the black township
of Boipatong, the scene of a massacre three days earlier.
Jun 20, The Chicago Bulls won their third NBA
title in a row as they defeated the Phoenix Suns in Game 6 of their
championship series, 99-98.
Jun 20, O.J. Simpson pleaded innocent in Los
Angeles to the killing of his ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend,
Jun 20, Former airman Dean Allen Mellberg went on
a shooting rampage at Fairchild Air Force Base near Spokane, Wash.,
killing four people and wounding 22 others before being killed by a
military police sharpshooter.
Jun 20, US Air Force Captain Jim Wang, a radar
officer, was cleared of wrongdoing in a
friendly fire attack on two US helicopters over northern Iraq in
1994 that resulted in 26 deaths.
1995 Jun 20-1995 Jun 21, The
Mount Zion AME Church in Greeleyville, S.C., was destroyed by fire.
On the next day the Macedonia Baptist Church in Bloomville was
burned. In 1996 two KKK members, Gary Cox and Timothy Welch, were
charged in federal court for setting the fires. They pleaded guilty
on 8/14/96. Former Klansmen Hubert Rowell and Arthur Haley pleaded
guilty to 4 counts of conspiracy in the fires in Dec 1996. In 1998
the Christian Knights of KKK and Horace King, Grand Dragon of South
Carolina, were ordered to pay $37.8 million in damages for the
burning of the Macedonia Baptist church.
(SFC, 7/9/96, p.A6)(SFC, 8/15/96, p.A4)(SFC,
12/10/96, p.A3)(SFC, 7/25/98, p.A3)
Jun 20, The Clinton administration announced it
would veto the re-election of U.N. Secretary-General Boutros
Jun 20, Westinghouse Electric agreed to buy
Infinity Broadcasting for $3.9 billion.
Jun 20, Scientists announced the identification
of the co-factor involved in human AIDS viral reproduction. Chemokin
receptor-5, CKR5, is the name of the HIV co-factor.
(SFC, 6/20/96, p.A3)
Jun 20, The recent issue of Nature reported that
fossil bones from 130-120 million ago were found in a jungle
streambed in northeastern Thailand of a 21 foot tyrannosaur. It was
named Siamotyrannus isanensis. The finding added to evidence that
tyrannosaurs evolved in Asia.
(SFC, 6/20/96, p.C12)
Jun 20, In 1996 there were allegations of
kickbacks from a 1988 European Airbus jets sale to Canada. Swiss
Bank records were sought in a corruption probe. Former Prime
Minister Mulroney filed suit for being named in the scandal.
(WSJ, 6/20/96, p.A14)
Jun 20, "Revolt Against Modernity: Leo Strauss,
Eric Voegelin, and the search for a Postliberal Order" by Ted v.
McAllister was reviewed by Robert Devigne. It discusses the modern
political thinking wherein the search for knowledge is directed by
humanity to master its environment.
(WSJ, 6/20/96, p.A16)
Jun 20, In Albania a court convicted 3 top
ex-Communist officials for deporting more than 70 dissidents when
they headed regional Communist administrations. The European
Parliament urged Albania to hold another vote due to balloting
irregularities in the May 26 and June 2 elections.
(SFC, 6/21/96, p.A14)(SFC, 6/22/96, p.A13)
Jun 20, China was to announce the convertibility
of its currency, the yuan, for trade, services, debt payment and
profit repatriation by foreign companies.
(WSJ, 6/20/96, p.A14)
Jun 20, In Indonesia fighting broke out when the
army backed dissidents who wanted to oust Megawati Sukarnoputri as
leader of the opposition Indonesian Democratic Party. Party members
fought with troops in Jakarta in support of Megawati who is seen as
a threat to Pres. Suharto.
(SFC, 6/21/96, p.A14)
Jun 20, In northern Nicaragua mediators began
negotiations for the release of a group of about 30 election workers
recently kidnapped by 15 re-armed contras and taken to Honduras.
(SFC, 6/21/96, p.A14)
Jun 20, In Russia Yeltsin fired 3 aides.
Alexander Korzhakov, head of his personal security force; Deputy
Prime Minister Oleg Soskovets; and Mikhail Barshukov, head of a KGB
(WSJ, 6/21/96, p.A1)
Jun 20, US tobacco negotiators announced a
settlement that would require cigarette companies to pay $368.5
billion over the next 25 years to compensate states for
smoking-related illnesses, to finance anti-smoking programs, and to
underwrite health care for millions of uninsured children in
exchange for major relief from mounting lawsuits and legal bills.
(SFC, 6/21/97, p.A1)(AP, 6/20/98)
Jun 20, The summit of industrialized nations
opened in Denver, with Russia taking its place as the new eighth
Jun 20, A jury in Trenton, N.J., ordered the
death penalty for Jesse K. Timmendequas, whose rape and strangling
of his 7-year-old neighbor, Megan Kanka, led to the creation of
"Megan's Laws" requiring that communities be notified of sex
offenders in their midst.
Jun 20, In Cambodia government sources announced
that former Khmer Rouge troops had captured Pol Pot.
(SFC, 6/21/97, p.A10)
Jun 20, In Mexico authorities announced the
discovery of 53 properties, 36 bank accounts and 4 aliases for Raul
(SFC, 6/21/97, p.A11)
Jun 20, In Spain former prime minister Felipe
Gonzalez quit as the leader of the Spanish Socialist Party. He was
succeeded by Joaquin Almunia.
(WSJ, 6/23/97, p.A1)
Jun 20, In Turkey Pres. Demirel asked Mesut
Yilmaz, leader of the Motherland Party, to form a new government.
(SFC, 6/21/97, p.A10)
Jun 20, On the eve of Father's Day, President
Clinton used his weekly radio address to announce the release of the
first wave of almost $60 million in prostate cancer research grants.
1998 Jun 20, Hanna “Kali”
Weynerowska (100), a San Francisco-based Polish artist, died. In
1988 she had bequeathed 78 artworks to a Polish government museum in
Switzerland, but they soon disappeared. In 2014 75 of her original
works were found in Santa Rosa and shipped to Rapperswil,
(SFC, 4/12/14, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/mzjt2v3)
Jun 20, Seven people were killed on the
Pennsylvania Turnpike when a Greyhound bus crashed into a
tractor-trailer parked on the shoulder. At least 18 people were
hurt. The driver was on his last run before retirement. he was among
the dead with his wife and boy that they took care of.
(SFEC, 6/21/98, p.A10)(WSJ, 6/22/98, p.A1)
Jun 20, In Belarus ambassadors of the EU nations
announced that they would leave the country to protest a government
move barring them from their homes.
(SFEC, 6/21/98, p.A17)
Jun 20, Iran reversed its opposition to a UN
plan, passed the previous day, permitting Iraq to spend $300 million
of revenues from the oil-for-food program to buy spare parts to
rebuild its oil industry.
(SFEC, 6/21/98, p.A25)
20, Suekiku Miyanaga (107), Japan’s oldest person, died in Osumi.
(SFEC, 6/21/98, p.A25)
Jun 20, In Kosovo 3 Serbian police were killed
and four were held by the Kosovo separatist army during fighting in
the Decani area.
(SFEC, 6/21/98, p.A25)
Jun 20, Golfer Payne Stewart won his second US
Open title, by one stroke over Phil Mickelson.
Jun 20, Pres. Clinton met with Pres. Yeltsin in
Germany and they agreed to rekindle efforts to reduce their nuclear
(SFC, 6/21/99, p.A1)
Jun 20, The Cuban Evangelical Celebration, billed
as the first Protestant gathering of its kind, was held in Havana's
Plaza of the Revolution with Castro present.
(SFC, 6/21/99, p.A10)
Jun 20, The last Serbian officer left Kosovo.
Pres. Milosevic urged the Serbs of Kosovo to stay in Kosovo under
NATO protection. As the last of 40-thousand Yugoslav troops rolled
out of Kosovo, NATO declared a formal end to its bombing campaign
(SFC, 6/21/99, p.A1,7)(AP, 6/20/00)
Jun 20, After a furious last-minute lobbying
blitz by the Clinton administration, the Senate voted 57-to-42 to
approve legislation making it easier for federal prosecutors to try
hate crimes, attaching the measure to a defense authorization bill.
However, the House stripped the hate crimes provision from the
defense bill the following October.
Jun 20, Vivendi agreed to acquire Seagram’s Corp.
for $30 billion.
(SFC, 6/21/00, p.C16)
Jun 20, Brazil decreed an immediate ban on the
sale of firearms as part of a broad $1.7 billion national security
(SFC, 6/21/00, p.A14)
Jun 20, In Northern Ireland Ulster Freedom
Fighters threatened break their cease-fire and accused Catholic
groups of attacking protestant homes.
(SFC, 6/21/00, p.A12)
Jun 20, In South Korea some 50 thousand members
of the medical association went on strike to protest a new system
that bans them from selling most drugs.
(SFC, 6/21/00, p.A16)
Jun 20, In Russia the prosecutor’s office filed
to reverse the privatization of Norilsk Nickel, the largest metal
company, controlled by oligarch Vladimir Potanin.
(SFC, 6/21/00, p.A14)
Jun 20, Billy Collins was named the 11th U.S.
Jun 20, Andrea Yates (36) of Houston, Texas, drowned her 5 children,
ages 6 months to 7 years, at her home near the Johnson Space Center.
Yates had been under medication for post-partum depression. In 2002
a jury found Yates guilty of capital murder and sentenced her to
life in prison. Her conviction was overturned in 2005 by an appeals
court which ruled a prosecution expert witness gave false testimony
at her trial. In 2006 a jury found her not guilty by reason of
(SFC, 6/21/01, p.A6)(SFC, 3/13/02, p.A1)(SFC,
3/16/02, p.A1)(AP, 1/6/05)(SFC, 7/27/06, p.A3)
Jun 20, In Brazil the Central Bank raised the key
interest rate 1.5% to 18.25%.
(WSJ, 6/22/01, p.A11)
Jun 20, In Belfast, Northern Ireland, police
battled sectarian mobs in the worst rioting since 1998.
(WSJ, 6/21/01, p.A1)
Jun 20, In Pakistan Gen'l. Pervez Musharraf
dismissed the president and named himself to the post. He also
dissolved the national Assembly and 4 provisional assemblies.
(WSJ, 6/21/01, p.A1)(SFC, 6/21/01, p.A10)
Jun 20, In Peru American Lori Berenson (31) was
convicted by a civilian court of collaborating with rebels and was
sentenced to 20 years in prison. She already had served 5 years.
(WSJ, 6/21/01, p.A1)(SFC, 6/21/01, p.A10)
2002 Jun 20, The US Supreme
Court in Atkins v Virginia ruled that the constitution bans the
death penalty for mentally retarded convicted killers.
Jun 20, Paul Shanley (71), a retired priest, was indicted in
Cambridge, Mass., on charges of raping 4 children from 1979-1989.
Shanley was convicted on 4 charges in 2005 and sentenced 12-15 years
(SFC, 6/21/02, p.A3)(SFC, 6/8/04, p.A3)(SFC,
Jun 20, Colombian President-elect Alvaro Uribe
pressed President Bush for more help in fighting drugs, while Bush
cautioned him to respect human rights as he combats leftist rebels
who rely largely on drug trafficking for their income.
Jun 20, A gas explosion ripped through the
Chengzihe coal mine in Jixi in northeast China and killed 111
Jun 20, Liberian rebels attacked a refugee camp
near the border with Sierra Leone, seizing five nurses and sending
thousands fleeing as they battled government troops. Four people
died in the fighting.
Jun 20, Thousands of Italians, from prosecutors
and judges to metalworkers, walked off their jobs to protest
government plans to reform the judiciary system and labor law.
2002 Jun 20, Palestinian gunmen
killed 5 Jewish settlers at the Itamar settlement in the West Bank.
The 2 assailants were killed. The mother of the family and three of
her children were murdered. Another two children were seriously
injured and a local security official was shot to death as he tried
(SFC, 6/21/02, p.A1)(AP, 3/12/11)
Jun 20, In Saudi Arabia John Veness, a British
employee at Al Bank al Saudi al Fransi, was killed in a car bomb
explosion in Riyadh.
(WSJ, 6/21/02, p.A7)
Jun 20, In Spain pickets clashed with police,
many shops closed and hundreds of flights were canceled as workers
staged Spain's first general strike in eight years.
Jun 20, Turkey took over control of the 19-member
peacekeeping force in Afghanistan.
(SFC, 6/21/02, p.A10)
Jun 20, In northern Tanzania more than 30 people
may have suffocated deep inside a tanzanite mine in northern
Tanzania after an oxygen pump failed.
Jun 20-2002 Jun 22, A European Union Summit was
scheduled for Seville.
(SSFC, 5/26/02, p.C2)
Jun 20, President Bush named Scott McClellan his
new press secretary, succeeding Ari Fleischer.
Jun 20, Pres. Bush and Brazil's Pres. Lula da
Silva said that relations between the two nations remain on track
despite sharp disagreements over Iraq and some trade issues.
Jun 20, Secretary of State Colin Powell met
separately with the leaders of Israel and the Palestinian Authority,
praising the Israelis for efforts toward an eventual peace
settlement and urging speed on the Palestinians.
Jun 20, Gov. Davis announced that car license
fees would triple as of Oct. 1 and Finance Director Steve Peace said
California was now operating off of borrowed money.
(SFC, 6/21/03, p.A1)
Jun 20, General Motors Corp. said it will sell
about $13 billion of bonds, one of the largest corporate debt
offerings ever, to help shore up its U.S. pension plan which ended
last year under funded by $19.3 billion. Standard & Poor's 500
companies had a combined deficit of about $239 billion and growing,
an all-time high.
Jun 20, In Los Angeles County 31 train cars broke
loose and rolled over 30 miles before workers forced a derailing at
(SFC, 6/21/03, p.A3)
Jun 20, Wildfires fueled by high winds burned 250
homes in southern Arizona.
Jun 20, In China Guangdong health officials
reported 211 encephalitis cases with 18 children killed. 100,000
children were vaccinated as a precaution.
(SFC, 6/21/03, p.A5)
Jun 20, China said it will move 42,000 soldiers
to civilian jobs this year as part of efforts to shrink the world's
2003 Jun 20, A 31-nation
conference in Germany agreed to expand efforts to combat terrorist
financing and money laundering. The Financial Action Task Force
issued a 40-point program to keep international law enforcement
abreast of criminals' increasingly sophisticated efforts to conceal
illegal money flows.
2003 Jun 20, In Iran
student protests against Ayatollah Ali Khamenei spread to at least 8
(SFC, 6/21/03, p.A8)
2003 Jun 20, Kazakhstan's
parliament passed a bill allowing private ownership of land for the
first time in this vast former Soviet republic.
2003 Jun 20, In Latvia Vaira
Vike-Freiberga easily won a second term as president.
Jun 20, In Liberia Pres. Charles Taylor renounced his peace pledge
to cede power and announced that he will serve to the January 2004
end of his term — and might run again.
2003 Jun 20, Singapore launched
an automated commuter train system, filling a gap in the city's
2003 Jun 20, A boat carrying
some 250 people toward Italy sank off the Tunisian coast, killing at
least 50 people. The boat's occupants were all thought to be illegal
(AP, 6/20/03)(AP, 6/22/03)
2003 Jun 20, In central Turkey
a student dormitory at an Islamic school exploded and collapsed,
killing 10 students.
2003 Jun 20, Morgan Tsvangirai
(51), Zimbabwe's opposition leader, was released on bail after two
weeks in jail on treason charges. He said he will not stop putting
pressure on Pres. Robert Mugabe (79).
Jun 20, Bermuda-based Bacardi Limited agreed to
purchase Grey Goose vodka, distilled and bottled in France, from
Sidney Frank Importing Co. for roughly $2 billion.
Jun 20, India and Pakistan announced they would
establish a new hot line to alert each other of potential nuclear
accidents or threats.
Jun 20, In Iraq a roadside bomb exploded along a
highway leading to Baghdad's airport, killing two Iraqi soldiers and
wounding 11 others.
Jun 20, Iraq resumed oil exports of about 1
million barrels a day through its southern Basra terminal after
completing repairs to pipelines sabotaged by insurgents.
Jun 20, The Arab satellite TV network Al-Jazeera
aired a videotape purportedly from al-Qaida-linked militants showing
Kim Sun Il (33), a South Korean hostage, begging for his life and
pleading with his government to withdraw troops from Iraq.
(AP, 6/21/04)(SFC, 6/21/04, p.A7)
Jun 20, A Philippine congressional committee
announced, six weeks after the election, that President Gloria
Macapagal Arroyo has won another term in office. In 2005 an audio
file, allegedly wiretapped by military intelligence, became
available with Arroyo speaking to election’s official Virgilio
Garcillano. The “Hello Garci? file became popular as a cell phone
(AP, 6/20/04)(SFC, 6/22/05, p.A2)
Jun 20, Zimbabwe’s government said it would honor
ownership rights to land bought on the property market, backtracking
on previous announcements it would nationalize all farmland.
Jun 20, During a joint news conference with
European leaders, President Bush said he was determined to complete
the mission of establishing democracy in Iraq because the world
would be a better place for it.
Jun 20, A US federal judge threw out evidence
against four men charged with laundering more than $60 million
through their chain of US Virgin Islands grocery stores, ruling that
FBI agents acted in "reckless disregard for the truth."
Jun 20, John Rigas (80), founder of Adelphia
Corp., was sentenced to 15 years in prison for looting the firm and
lying about finances. His son, Timothy Rigas, his ex-finance chief,
received a 20-year sentence.
(SFC, 6/21/05, p.D1)
Jun 20, California state and federal officials
set aside $2 million to determine why smelt and other species in the
San Joaquin and Sacramento River Delta has dropped sharply. Numerous
causes were suspect including nonnative predators and increasing
herbicide and pesticide runoff as well as water draw down to supply
Southern California and the Central Valley.
(SFC, 6/21/05, p.B3)
Jun 20, H.J. Heinz Co., the largest ketchup maker
in the US, said it has agreed to buy the HP Foods and Lea &
Perrins sauce divisions from France's Groupe Danone for $852 mil.
Jun 20, Charles D. Keeling (b.1928), American
atmospheric chemist, died in Montana. His monitoring of the pure air
at Mauna Loa, Hawaii, and the South Pole, begun in 1958, provided
CO2 readings that climbed steadily and became known as the Keeling
Jun 20, Jack Kilby (b.1923), Nobel Prize winner
and co-inventor of the integrated circuit (1958), died in Dallas.
(SFC, 6/22/05, p.A5)(Econ, 7/25/05, p.75)
Jun 20, Fierce fighting between Taliban rebels
and Afghan security forces left 18 insurgents and three others dead.
Jun 20, Dutch scientists reported that folic acid
improved the memory of older adults.
(SFC, 6/21/05, p.A3)
Jun 20, European Union agriculture ministers
agreed to share out an annual 12.7 billion-euro ($15.51 billion)
package to support rural development.
Jun 20, India raised retail petrol and diesel
prices by about 7 percent, the first increase since November.
Jun 20, India approved a free-trade agreement
(WSJ, 6/21/05, p.A14)
Jun 20, In Iraq a suicide car bomber killed at
least 15 traffic police and wounded about 100 more outside the
unit's headquarters in the northern Kurdish city of Irbil. Suicide
attacks left 37 dead.
(AP, 6/20/05)(WSJ, 6/21/05, p.A1)
Jun 20, Japan said it would dramatically expand
its research whaling, doubling the number of minke whales it kills
annually for scientific study.
Jun 20, The leaders of Japan and South Korea
failed to make progress on mending ties damaged by a territorial
dispute over islands in the Sea of Japan and a flap over Tokyo's
militaristic past during a tense summit.
Jun 20, Massouma al-Mubarak, Kuwait's first
female Cabinet member, took the oath of office over the shouts of
Muslim fundamentalist and tribal lawmakers opposed to women in
Jun 20, Palestinian gunmen ambushed an Israeli
minivan driving through the northern West Bank, riddling the vehicle
with bullets, killing one passenger and wounding a second.
Jun 20, In Thailand 3 Muslim men were shop dead
(Econ, 7/23/05, p.40)
Jun 20, In Vietnam officials said 2 more people
from northern Vietnam have been sickened with bird flu, and
thousands of chickens have dropped dead in the south.
Jun 20, One of the largest US military exercises
in decades got underway off Guam island in the western Pacific.
Jun 20, The US Mint at West Point, NY, staged a
promotion for the nation’s first 24-karat, pure gold one-ounce coin,
the American Buffalo. The $50 gold piece design was based on the
1913 buffalo nickel designed by James Earle Fraser. Orders for the
bullion version began June 19, and orders for the proof coin would
begin June 22 at $875 per proof coin.
(WSJ, 6/16/06, p.C3)(SFC, 6/21/06, p.C1)
2006 Jun 20, A Washington DC
jury found former Bush administration official David Safavian guilty
of covering up his dealings with Republican influence-peddler Jack
Abramoff. Safavian was sentenced to 18 months in prison, but the
underlying conviction was thrown out by an appeals court in 2008. In
Dec, 2008, Safavian was convicted of obstructing justice and lying.
In Oct 2009 he was sentenced to a year and a day in federal prison.
(AP, 6/20/06)(SFC, 10/17/09, p.A6)
Jun 20, A US defense official said the United
States has moved its ground-based interceptor missile defense system
from test mode to operational amid concerns over an expected North
Korean missile launch.
Jun 20, National Guardsmen rolled into New
Orleans to reinforce a depleted police department and battle a surge
Jun 20, CBS announced that Dan Rather, the
anchorman who dominated CBS News for more than two decades, is
leaving the network after 44 years.
Jun 20, The Miami Heat won their first NBA title,
beating the Dallas Mavericks 95-92 in Game 6.
Jun 20, Georgia Tech and IBM announced a
microchip speed record of 500 billion cycles per second (500
gigahertz) by applying liquid helium to cool a chip to 451 degrees
(SFC, 6/20/06, p.C3)
Jun 20, In southern Afghanistan an explosion tore
apart a coalition tank, killing one Romanian soldier and wounding
four others. Afghan and coalition forces clashed with Taliban
fighters in southern Helmand province, leaving 20 militants dead.
Coalition soldiers accidentally fired on an unmarked police car in
eastern Kunar province, killing 3 Afghan policemen and wounding 3.
(AP, 6/20/06)(AP, 6/21/06)
Jun 20, British media reported that PM Tony Blair
and Queen Elizabeth II are to get two new dedicated aircraft, dubbed
"Blair Force One" and "Blair Force Two."
Jun 20, Chad accused Sudan of cross-border
attacks and urged the Security Council to meet over its neighbor's
alleged "aggression and destabilization."
Jun 20, The UN said production of the coca plant
used to make cocaine had increased by 8% in Colombia, to 330 square
Jun 20, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan said in a
report that Congo's armed forces and police are responsible for the
majority of documented abuses against children in the chaotic
country, sometimes abducting kids to carry equipment or for sex.
Jun 20, East Timor prosecutors ordered the arrest
of Rogerio Lobato, the former interior minister, for supplying
weapons to a hit squad tasked with eliminating the prime minister's
political opponents. International troops tightened security across
the capital as hundreds of protesters gathered to demand PM Mari
Jun 20, US-led forces killed 15 terror suspects
and detained three others during raids in a village northeast of
Baghdad. Residents said 13 civilians also were killed. 4 Marines
were killed in insurgency-ridden Anbar province, three of them in a
roadside bombing and a fourth in a separate operation. The US
military recovered the booby-trapped bodies of two missing soldiers
(AP, 6/20/06)(AP, 6/22/06)(AP, 6/20/07)
Jun 20, Indonesian officials said a
14-year-year-old boy died of bird flu last week, raising the
country's death toll to at least 39 people.
Jun 20, Italian police arrested at least 45
people in an anti-Mafia crackdown in Sicily, including top bosses
who had allegedly been in touch with Bernardo Provenzano, the
reputed No. 1 boss picked up earlier this year.
Jun 20, Japan ordered the withdrawal of its
ground troops from Iraq, declaring the humanitarian mission a
success and ending a groundbreaking dispatch that tested the limits
of its pacifist postwar constitution.
Jun 20, A second bus service rolled between the
Indian and Pakistani zones of disputed Kashmir, a move hailed as a
boost for the peace process between the nuclear-armed rivals.
Jun 20, A senior UN official marked World Refugee
Day by welcoming home 125 Liberians from Sierra Leone where they
lived for years seeking haven from Liberia's civil war. Former
Liberian President Charles Taylor was taken to a Dutch prison to
await a UN war crimes trial for the killing, rape or mutilation of
hundreds of thousands in West Africa.
Jun 20, Lithuania plunged deeper into political
crisis after lawmakers rejected their president's choice for prime
minister, edging the Baltic country toward early elections and its
14th government in 15 years. 52 lawmakers voted in favor of and 48
against Social Democrat Zigmantas Balcytis, who was nominated last
week to the premiership by President Valdas Adamkus. There were 32
2006 Jun 20, Two Filipino oil
workers were kidnapped near the Nigerian oil city of Port Harcourt
in the southern Niger Delta.
Jun 20, Pakistani authorities negotiated a
temporary truce after at least 14 people died and 35 were wounded in
a gunbattle near Parachinar between two tribes over access to water.
Jun 20, In Gaza City Mohammed Roka (5), Samia
el-Sharif (5), and Bilal Al-hassi (16) were killed by an Israeli
missile that hit a group of children, but didn't kill the militants
in the targeted car. After the air attack went awry, Israel defended
its pursuit of militants, but said it would "continue to take every
precaution to keep civilians out of harm's way."
Jun 20, In Spain and France 12 people, including
one of the founders of the Basque separatists ETA, were arrested in
pre-dawn raids in a crackdown on illegal financing of the armed
Jun 20, Sudanese state news said President Omar
Hassan al-Bashir ruled out letting UN troops into the Darfur region,
saying he would not permit such a deployment as long as he was in
Jun 20, A US Embassy spokesman said the United
States has asked Suriname to extradite a Guyanese man wanted on drug
charges in New York. Shaheed Khan was arrested June 15 by
authorities in Suriname.
Jun 20, Turkey's PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan
announced plans to build three nuclear power plants by 2015 to meet
the country's growing energy needs.
Jun 20, For the second time, President Bush
vetoed an embryonic stem cell bill as he urged scientists toward
what he termed "ethically responsible" research.
Jun 20, Sammy Sosa, playing for the Texas Rangers
after a year out of baseball, hit his 600th home run, making him the
fifth player to reach the milestone.
Jun 20, Isaac Kamali, who appears on Rwanda's
most wanted list submitted to Interpol, was detained at Philadelphia
Jun 20, In eastern Afghanistan gunmen opened fire
on people praying in a mosque, killing three and wounding four
others. A series of roadside bombings in Afghanistan killed eight
people, including three Canadian NATO soldiers. One bomb blew up a
police vehicle in the eastern province of Khost, killing Qalandar
district police chief Ali Mohammad and one of his men. An ambush on
a convoy belonging to UN's Office for Project Services on the main
Kabul-Kandahar highway, killed two Afghan guards. Another bomb
exploded on a road in Ghazni province and killed a man who was
cycling home after buying groceries. Fighting in Paktika province
between US-led troops and suspected Taliban left 8 militants and a
(AP, 6/20/07)(AFP, 6/20/07)(AP, 6/21/07)
Jun 20, Australia announced that it will spend
9.3 billion US dollars on five Spanish-designed warships to boost
its capacity to face military threats in the region.
Jun 20, In Chechnya a gunbattle broke out between
traffic police and a Defense Ministry unit in Grozny, leaving at
least five people dead and six wounded.
Jun 20, China announced a nationwide crackdown on
enslavement and child labor. China's regulatory standards chief
pledged to update and boost enforcement of food safety rules as the
country faces intense international pressure for exporting unsafe
products from toothpaste to pet food ingredients. State media said
floods and landslides triggered by heavy rain have killed 36 more
people and left 13 missing in southwest and central China. A
knife-wielding man slashed four students, wounding one seriously at
a high school in Fuzhou, capital of southeastern Fujian province.
(AP, 6/20/07)(Reuters, 6/20/07)(AP,
Jun 20, Otto Roberto Herrera Garcia, a man
accused of turning Guatemala into a corridor for US-bound cocaine,
was arrested in Bogota, two years after escaping from a Mexican
prison. He offered agents $700,000 each in bribes to let him go when
he was seized.
2007 Jun 20, A Dutch
government-funded agency said China has overtaken the United States
as the top emitter of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas,
because of surging energy use amid an economic boom. However
consumption and emission levels per head remained a mere fraction of
(AP, 6/20/07)(Econ, 6/13/09, p.45)
20, Starbucks signed a deal to credit Ethiopia's unique bean
varieties on its coffee labels, ending a long-brewing trademark
Jun 20, In Athens, Greece, 7 police officers were
charged with torture and other offenses in the alleged beating of
two Albanian immigrants that was recorded on a cell phone camera and
posted on the Internet.
Jun 20, Gunmen blew up two Sunni mosques south of
Baghdad, causing heavy damage but no casualties, in an apparent
retaliatory attack a day after a suicide truck bombing devastated a
revered Shiite mosque in the heart of the capital. The US military
said at least 30 al-Qaida fighters were killed and several bombs and
weapons caches destroyed as soldiers fought their way through the
streets of Baqouba. 4 US soldiers were killed and one was wounded
when their convoy was struck by a roadside bomb in a western
neighborhood in Baghdad. Southwest of Baghdad. Two US soldiers were
killed and 4 were wounded when explosions struck near their vehicle.
Two Marines also were killed while conducting combat operations in
(AP, 6/20/07)(AP, 6/21/07)
2007 Jun 20, Nazek al-Malaika
(85), a renowned Iraqi poet, died. She was famous as the first to
write Arabic poetry in free verse rather than classical rhyme.
Jun 20, Israeli tanks entered southern Gaza, and
four people, including at least two militants, were killed in an
exchange of fire. Israel fired missiles at two rocket launchers in
northern Gaza in the first attack since Hamas militants took
control. Israel also let in a few seriously ill Palestinians who had
been holed up for days at a fetid border crossing. In the West Bank,
two Palestinian militants were killed in a shootout with Israeli
troops during an arrest raid near Jenin.
Jun 20, Japanese lawmakers approved a two-year
extension of the country's air force transport mission in Iraq,
despite criticism of Tokyo's involvement in the unpopular war.
Jun 20, Nigerian stocks dipped 1.74% as a general
strike called by the country's two main labor movements over a
15-percent hike in petrol prices took its toll. Nigerian health
officials said an outbreak of measles in a village in the northern
state of Borno had killed 20 children and caused a further 100
children to be hospitalized.
Jun 20, In Sierra Leone 3 former military leaders
were found guilty of war crimes by a UN-backed court, the first
verdicts from the country's civil war and the first convictions in
an international court for using child soldiers. Alex Tamba Brima,
Brima Bazzy Kamara and Santigie Borbor Kanu were indicted in 2003 as
the alleged leaders of a junta, called the Armed Forces
Revolutionary Council, which toppled the government in 1997 and then
teamed up with rebels to control the country until 1998.
Jun 20, In Switzerland 2 people accused of
running al-Qaida-linked Web sites that showed the slaying of
hostages and gave details of how to make bombs and carry out attacks
went on trial. Moez Garsallaoui (39), a Tunisian based in
Switzerland, and Malika El Aroud 948), the Belgian-born widow of an
al-Qaida suicide bomber, appeared in court on charges that included
providing support for terrorists.
Jun 20, Thailand’s legislature approved an
anti-rape law that widens the definition of the crime and makes it
illegal for a husband to have sex with his wife without her consent.
Jun 20, Adm. William Fallon, a top US military
commander, met with Turkmenistan's new President Berdymukhamedov for
talks on regional security, counterterrorism operations and drug
2008 Jun 20, The US Federal
Appeals Court in Washington, DC, ruled that Huzaifa Parhat, an
ethnic Chinese Uighur captured in the early stage of the US war in
Afghanistan, was inappropriately designated an enemy combatant.
(SFC, 6/24/08, p.A5)
2008 Jun 20, Zinc prices closed
at $0.9157 per pound, down 3 cents. September copper added 5 cents
to $3.83 per pound in New York. Silver closed at $17.38 per ounce.
2008 Jun 20, The widening
Salmonella outbreak sickened more than 550 people. US food safety
inspectors planned trips to Florida and Mexico this weekend to
examine tomato farms and distribution chains, hoping to pinpoint the
source of the outbreak.
2008 Jun 20, A rocket carrying
a US-French satellite for monitoring ocean surface height was
launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. The data will
be used to monitor climate change effects on sea level.
(SFC, 6/21/08, p.A3)
2008 Jun 20, NASA scientists
reported that the Mars Phoenix spacecraft had uncovered chunks of
(SFC, 6/21/08, p.A2)
2008 Jun 20, Wilbur Hardee
(b.1917), founder of the Hardee’s restaurant chain (1960), died in
(SFC, 6/24/08, p.B5)
2008 Jun 20, In southern
Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a military convoy as it drove
through a town, killing five civilians and one soldier from the
2008 Jun 20, Brazil’s Pres.
Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva decreed a new 3.8 million acre (1.5
million hectare) Indian reservation in the heart of the Amazon rain
forest's logging frontier.
2008 Jun 20, Cambodian
officials said authorities working with Australian police had
destroyed an enormous stockpile of 33 tons of safrole-rich oil, a
key ingredient used in producing the synthetic drug Ecstasy.
Cambodian authorities have been working since 2002 to stem the
distillation of the oil and since then have succeeded in detecting
and dismantling more than 50 clandestine laboratories capable of
producing up to 15 gallons of oil a day. Cambodian officials are
trying to preserve the sassafras tree, which is classified as a rare
species that grows mainly in Cambodia's Cardamom Mountains.
2008 Jun 20, Maftuh Fauzi 27) a
student at Indonesia’s National University, died in hospital. He had
been among 100 fuel price protesters arrested May 24, but there were
conflicting reports about the cause of death.
2008 Jun 20, In Iraq hundreds
of followers of anti-US cleric Muqtada al-Sadr took to the streets
after prayers in Shiite areas to protest plans for a long term
security pact between Iraq and the US. An American soldier was
killed and five others wounded by roadside bombs northeast of
(AP, 6/20/08)(AP, 6/21/08)
2008 Jun 20, Panicked youths
rushed for the exits during a police raid on a Mexico City
nightclub, leaving 12 people dead in the crush of bodies. The dead
included 3 underage teens and 3 police officers. Prosecutors later
charged the police commander who led a botched raid with 12 counts
(AP, 6/21/08)(SSFC, 6/22/08, p.A11)(AP, 6/25/08)
2008 Jun 20, Nigerian militants
blew up a key oil supply pipeline operated by Chevron, in the latest
attack targeting the country's multi-billion-dollar oil industry.
The breached pipeline prompted Chevron to shut down its onshore oil
2008 Jun 20, Paraguayan
prisoners rioted to press a list of demands including more sex.
Inmates seized the Esperanza prison's director and other
administrators, demanding nighttime conjugal visits and an end to
mistreatment by guards.
2008 Jun 20, Typhoon Fengshen
smashed into the Philippines' third largest island packing winds of
140 kilometers (87 miles) an hour as residents braced for flooding,
landslides and big waves. Flash floods and landslides triggered by
Typhoon Fengshen left more than 700 dead or missing in various parts
of the country.
(AFP, 6/20/08)(AFP, 6/21/08)(Econ, 6/28/08, p.49)
2008 Jun 20, In Saudi Arabia
religious police arrested 21 allegedly homosexual men and
confiscated large amounts of alcohol at a large gathering of young
men at a rest house in Qatif.
2008 Jun 20, The UN reported
that over 40 civilians had been killed this week in Mogadishu,
(SFC, 6/21/08, p.A3)
2008 Jun 20, South Korea's
embattled President Lee Myung-Bak Friday replaced seven top aides to
give his government a fresh start after weeks of mass protests
against a US beef import deal.
2008 Jun 20, In Thailand
several thousand protesters pushed through a heavy police cordon
around the seat of government, vowing to besiege the compound until
PM Samak Sundaravej resigns. They accused Samak's government of
interfering with corruption charges against former PM Thaksin and
trying to change the constitution for its own self-interest. A Thai
army helicopter crashed in southern Thailand, killing all 10 people
2009 Jun 20, The US
pharmaceutical industry agreed to spend $80 billion over the next
decade improving drug benefits for seniors on Medicare and defraying
the cost of President Barack Obama's health care legislation,
capping secretive negotiations involving key lawmakers and the White
2009 Jun 20, The SF Chronicle
displayed a picture of a 9x7x2 foot, miniature, toothpick construct
of San Francisco, created over the last 34 years by Scott Weaver of
Rohnert Park, Ca. Weaver spent some 3,000 hours creating the work.
(SFC, 6/20/09, p.B1)
2009 Jun 20, It was reported
that that the H1N1 swine flu virus has spread to at least 76
countries and caused over 160 deaths, and that Brazilian researchers
have identified a new strain of the virus.
(SFC, 6/20/09, p.D12)
2009 Jun 20, In eastern
Afghanistan one soldier serving with the US-led coalition was killed
in an insurgent attack.
2009 Jun 20, In central China
hundreds of baton-wielding police dispersed protesters and cordoned
off a Shishou city hotel after a young man's mysterious death
sparked unrest [see June 17]. In eastern China an explosion at a
factory producing quartz sand killed 16 people and injured dozens in
Fengyang, a county in Anhui province.
2009 Jun 20, Greece opened its
new, $180.5 million Acropolis Museum with a lavish party, bolstering
its long campaign for the return of 2,500-year-old sculptures
stripped from the citadel more than two centuries ago. It was
designed by Bernard Tschumi and Michael Photiadis.
(AP, 6/20/09)(Econ, 6/27/09, p.89)
2009 Jun 20, Indian troops
regained control of Lalgarh town captured by Maoists during a
rebellion by the left-wing activists against West Bengal state's
2009 Jun 20, In Iran witnesses
said police beat protesters and fired tear gas and water cannons at
thousands who rallied in Tehran in open defiance of Iran's clerical
government, sharply escalating the most serious internal conflict
since the 1979 Islamic Revolution. A blast at the Tehran shrine of
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini wounded two. The clashes left at least
10 dead and 100 injured. Among those killed was Neda Agha Soltan
(b.1982), whose death was captured on video.
2009 Jun 20, Iraq’s PM Nouri
al-Maliki called the withdrawal of US troops from cities by the end
of this month a "great victory" and promised it would go ahead as
scheduled. Hour later in northern in Taza, a mostly Turkomen city, a
truck bomb exploded near a Shiite mosque following prayers, killing
82 people and wounding 163.
(AP, 6/20/09)(AP, 6/21/09)(AP, 6/27/09)
2009 Jun 20, Italian police in
Sicily said they have arrested 14 people and placed more than 250
under investigation in the country's biggest sweep against Internet
2009 Jun 20, Kashmir valley
closed down in the latest protest over the alleged rape and murder
of two Muslim women that has triggered massive anti-India
demonstrations in the disputed Himalayan region.
2009 Jun 20, Pakistani
warplanes resumed strikes against militant hideouts in South
Waziristan. There was heavy fighting in the villages of Barwand and
Madijan and about 50 militants were killed, the first confirmed
militant casualties of the offensive in South Waziristan. A
citizens' militia trying to drive out the Taliban killed seven
militants in a two-hour clash in the troubled northwest. Another
militant was wounded in the fighting night near the village of
Patrak. The military killed seven militants and arrested 16 others
in Malakand, which includes Upper and Lower Dir, Buner and Swat
(AP, 6/20/09)(AP, 6/21/09)(AFP, 6/21/09)
2009 Jun 20, In the southern
Philippines suspected Muslim guerrillas hurled two grenades near a
crowded town plaza where a beauty contest was being held, killing at
least one person and wounding 32 others in the predominantly
Christian town of Maasim, Sarangani province.
2009 Jun 20, Somali lawmakers
pleaded for international military intervention within 24 hours to
help fight Islamic insurgents, where fierce fighting has resumed in
Mogadishu. The government called for troops from Kenya and Ethiopia
to come to its aid.
(AP, 6/20/09)(Econ, 6/27/09, p.56)
2009 Jun 20, Venezuela’s
Commerce Minister Eduardo Saman, a close confidant of President Hugo
Chavez, announced that the government would annul patents on some
medicines under a reform of existing intellectual property laws.
Industry leaders soon responded saying the action could cause
shortages and scare off foreign investment.
2009 Jun 20, In Venezuela
authorities arrested Salvatore Miceli, suspected of being a key
intermediary in the drug trafficking trade and one of Italy's most
dangerous Mafia fugitives, as he left his apartment in Caracas.
Police also picked up two other Italian suspects.
2009 Jun 20, Zimbabwean PM
Morgan Tsvangirai was booed and shouted down by exiles during a
speech in London when he pleaded with them to return home to help
rebuild the shattered country.
2010 Jun 20, In Montana a
tornado ripped the roof off the 10,000 seat Rimrock Auto Arena in
Billings. No injuries were reported.
(SFC, 6/21/10, p.A6)
2010 Jun 20, In southern
Afghanistan 2 bombs set up in push carts exploded minutes apart in
Lashkar Gah, the provincial capital of Helmand province. 3 Taliban
militants were killed and 33 others were wounded in a clash with
police. A NATO rocket, apparently targeting an airport in the Behsud
district of Nangarhar province, struck a house, killing two children
and injuring three men and a woman.
2010 Jun 20, China’s government
said major rivers have burst their banks in southern China,
triggering massive floods in 10 provinces and forcing 860,000 to
flee their homes. Dozens were missing with more storms forecast. The
death toll soon rose to 377.
(AP, 6/20/10)(AP, 6/21/10)(AP, 6/25/10)(SSFC,
2010 Jun 20, In Colombia polls
showed a huge lead for former Defense Minister Juan Manuel Santos
(58). Santos won 69% of the vote, the largest margin in modern
(AP, 6/20/10)(AP, 6/21/10)
2010 Jun 20, In El Salvador
gang members set a bus afire near the capital, killing at least 14
of the people aboard.
2010 Jun 20, Egyptian security
forces beat and arrested dozens of protesters when they attempted to
march through downtown Cairo in the latest demonstration against
police brutality following the June 6 death of a young man.
2010 Jun 20, Indian troops
fired on hundreds of demonstrators who tried to torch a paramilitary
bunker in Kashmir, killing one person and wounding at least five.
More were injured in subsequent clashes.
2010 Jun 20, In Iran Abdulmalik
Rigi, head of Jundallah, was hanged for leading the Sunni insurgent
group active near the country's border with Pakistan.
2010 Jun 20, In Iraq two
suicide car bombers struck a crowded area outside a state-run bank
in Baghdad, killing 27 people. Police and morgue officials said the
decomposed bodies of six women and a man were found buried in the
backyard of a deserted house in the religiously mixed Zayouna
neighborhood in eastern Baghdad. The seven victims apparently were
killed two to three months ago. In Tikrit at least 5 people were
killed by a suicide bomber as police and onlookers responded to a
roadside bomb, apparently set as a trap.
(AP, 6/20/10)(SFC, 6/21/10, p.A2)
2010 Jun 20, The Israeli
government approved the construction of a massive new water
desalination plant to help the arid country deal with a severe
2010 Jun 20, Ivory Coast
President Laurent Gbagbo asked a state prosecutor to investigate
whether Interior Minister Desire Tagro has been skimming state
funds. Gbagbo specifically mentioned payments made by Dutch
oil-trading company Trafigura to victims of a 2006 toxic waste spill
2010 Jun 20, In Mexico a mayor
and another man in the southern state of Oaxaca were killed by
assailants in a dispute apparently motivated by a disagreement over
a mine. A man and his 12-year-old daughter were detained in Guerrero
state for allegedly killing a neighboring land owner in a dispute
2010 Jun 20, Moldova
authorities detained 2 former policemen and another person on
suspicion of trying to sell four pounds (nearly two kg) of uranium
on the black market, but it was unclear if this was enough for a
"dirty bomb." The uranium-238 had a value of euro9 million ($11.35
million). This was not made public until Aug 25.
2010 Jun 20, Poles voted for a
new head of state after president Lech Kaczynski perished in an air
disaster. Poland's centrist presidential candidate Bronislaw
Komorowski faced a tight run-off vote against his right-wing rival
Jaroslaw Kaczynski on July 4 after beating him by only a few
percentage points in today’s vote.
(AFP, 6/20/10)(Reuters, 6/21/10)
2010 Jun 20, Turkish forces
pushed into northern Iraq, killing 4 people, including a girl (15),
as they hit back against hideouts of Kurdish rebels who killed 12
soldiers over the last 2 days.
2010 Jun 20, The Vatican
pledged that Naples’ Cardinal Crescensio Sepe would cooperated in an
alleged corruption probe over his real transactions and other
(SFC, 6/21/10, p.A2)
2010 Jun 20, Yemen said it has
arrested the suspected mastermind of the spectacular June 19 attack
on Aden’s intelligence headquarters, which freed detainees and left
11 people dead.
2010 Jun 20, Zimbabwe arrested
two Pakistani men for using fake passports. State media later said
one man is potentially linked to the November 2008 attacks in
Mumbai. Suspect Imran Muhammad (33) was wanted in Pakistan for
alleged involvement in the Mumbai attacks, which left 166 people
dead. The second man was identified as Chaudry Parvez Ahmed.
2011 Jun 20, A US federal judge
agreed to a $3.4 billion settlement over mismanaged Indian
royalties. The 15-year suit represents the largest ever approved
against the US government. This followed a long campaign led by
Elouise Cobell (d.2011) of Browning, Mo. Cash payment began to go
out in Sep 2014.
(SFC, 6/21/11, p.A4)(SFC, 9/19/14, p.D3)
2011 Jun 20, The US Supreme
Court denied a sex discrimination suit on behalf of over 1 million
Wal-Mart employees saying they failed to pinpoint any company policy
that denied them equal pay of promotions.
(SFC, 6/21/11, p.A1)
2011 Jun 20, Texas Gov. Rick
Perry signed into law a measure, effective Sep 1, that gives the
state’s teachers more access to criminal information about their
students. It was prompted by the 2009 fatal stabbing of a teacher in
Tyler, Texas, by a 16-year-old who had been released from the Texas
2011 Jun 20, Wyoming became the
first state to begin using a suite of cloud computing tools from
Google for its entire executive branch of government, allowing data
and applications to be stored on remote servers and accessed over
the Internet. The system was formally unveiled on June 22 as Gov.
Matt Mead cut a red data cable with scissors.
2011 Jun 20, US comedy stunt
television show "Jackass" lost one of its stars when Ryan Dunn (34),
known for his death-defying and often car-related pranks, died in a
2011 Jun 20, Google and the
British Library announced an agreement that will let Internet users
read, search, download and copy thousands of texts published between
1700 and 1870.
2011 Jun 20, ICANN, the
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, announced that
websites will be able to have any suffix for almost any word in any
language for an application fee of $185,000.
(SFC, 6/21/11, p.D6)
2011 Jun 20, In Afghanistan's
violent east one of the leaders of the al Qaeda-linked Haqqani
network said they will target courts and judges after the execution
of two fighters convicted over the brutal Feb 19 bank raid in Kabul.
2011 Jun 20, Austrian police
said they have arrested a 25-year-old terrorist suspect identified
only as Thomas al-J. in Vienna last week. He allegedly supports the
radical Islamist German Taliban Movement and considered a Sept.
11-style attack that would involve flying a plane into the
Reichstag, Germany's parliament in Berlin.
2011 Jun 20, In Brazil Juan
Moraes (11), was shot and killed by police in Rio de Janeiro. The
boy’s body was found three days later, dumped in a river near police
headquarters, 11 miles (18 km) from where he was shot. 4
police officers, involved in the shooting death were arrested on
2011 Jun 20, British police
arrested a man (19) suspected of hacking attacks on int’l.
businesses and intelligence agencies. The arrest took place
following a joint operation by its Internet crimes unit and the FBI.
Police would not say whether the man is believed to be linked to
either the Anonymous or Lulz Security (LulzSec) hacking collectives,
which have called for "war" on governments that control the Internet
and claimed responsibility for a string of high-profile attacks on
targets such as Sony, the CIA web page and the US Senate computer
(AP, 6/21/11)(SFC, 6/23/11, p.A2)
2011 Jun 20, British-based
Rolls-Royce said it had won an order worth $2.2 billion to supply
its Trent XWB jet engines to power the Airbus A350 long-haul planes
bought by Brazil's TAM airlines.
2011 Jun 20, A Chilean appeals
court suspended a controversial hydroelectric project in the
country’s Patagonia region.
(SFC, 6/21/11, p.A2)
2011 Jun 20, Chinese President
Hu Jintao made a rare visit to Ukraine to sign a strategic
partnership declaration as Beijing seeks to revive ties with the
ex-Soviet state after years of neglect. Hu Jintao oversaw the
signing of business deals worth $3.5 billion.
(AFP, 6/20/11)(AP, 6/20/11)
2011 Jun 20, Chinese
authorities said more than 40 miles (70 km) of dikes are in danger
of overflowing in eastern Zhejiang province where floods have caused
$1.2 billion in losses.
2011 Jun 20, Equatorial Guinea
was accused by Amnesty International of a clampdown on freedom of
expression ahead of an African Union summit being held in the
country this month.
2011 Jun 20, Euro zone finance
ministers applied intense pressure on Greece, saying it had to
approve stricter austerity measures before a final decision is made
on a further 12 billion euros in loans.
2011 Jun 20, RIKEN and Fujitsu
took first place on the 37th TOP500 list at the 26th International
Supercomputing Conference (ISC'11) held in Hamburg, Germany. This
ranking is based on a performance measurement of the "K computer,"
currently under their joint development.
2011 Jun 20, In Indonesia Abu
Tholut (50), one of the nation’s top terrorism suspects, went on
trial on charges of helping set up a terrorist training camp for a
group that plotted attacks on foreigners and assassinations of the
country's moderate Muslim leaders. Arrested in December, Tholut is
one of more than 120 alleged members of the "Tanzim Al Qaeda in
Aceh" group to have been captured or killed since the camp was
2011 Jun 20, Iran hanged in
public three men convicted of rape and armed robbery in the eastern
city of Zabol.
2011 Jun 20, In Iraq a roadside
bomb exploded next to a French Embassy convoy traveling through
downtown Baghdad, wounding seven Iraqis. Nearly an hour later, a
parked car bomb targeted a passing police patrol in the northeastern
Shaab neighborhood, killing one policeman and wounding four others.
2011 Jun 20, Libya's government
said a NATO airstrike on a large family compound belonging to
Khoweildi al-Hamidi, a close associate of Moammar Gadhafi, killed 13
people, including three children, west of Tripoli. Hamadi escaped
unharmed, but his wife and 2 grandchildren were among the dead. NATO
acknowledged obliterating the compound. On July 28 attorneys for
Hamadi filed a civil lawsuit in Belgium accusing NATO of killing the
(AP, 6/20/11)(SFC, 6/21/11, p.A2)(AP, 7/28/11)
2011 Jun 20, In Mexico
journalist Miguel Angel Lopez Velasco (55), his wife, and their son
(21) were shot to death inside their home in Veracruz. Velasco wrote
a column about politics and crime and was editorial director for the
daily newspaper Notiver. His son, Misael Lopez, had been working as
a photographer for the same newspaper.
2011 Jun 20, In Nepal a lawyer
and a college professor from the United States celebrated Nepal's
first public lesbian wedding ceremony in the Himalayan nation that
recently began recognizing gay rights and drafting laws to end
2011 Jun 20, In Nigeria gunmen
shot a nurse dead and wounded four others who were playing poker at
a bus stop in the city of Maiduguri. The same group of gunmen killed
a security officer in a separate attack hours later. Police
suspected members of the radical Muslim sect known as Boko Haram.
Gunmen killed five police officers and a bystander in a bank robbery
in Kankara staged to look like a militant attack.
(AP, 6/20/11)(AP, 6/21/11)
2011 Jun 20, In Northern
Ireland sectarian clashes erupted on Belfast's streets as masked
Protestant rioters attacked Catholic homes.
2011 Jun 20, In northwest
Pakistan suspected US drones fired missiles at a vehicle and a
house, killing 12 people in a rare attack in the Kurram tribal area,
where some of NATO's fiercest enemies have reportedly traveled. A
car bomb near women's school in southwestern Pakistan killed 2 and
2011 Jun 20, In northwestern
Russia a TU-134 passenger jet slammed into the ground and caught
fire while trying to land on a foggy night at Petrozavodsk, killing
44 people and leaving eight survivors badly hurt. 3 more victim died
days later bringing the death toll to 47. Russian authorities later
reported that the navigator was in a state of “light alcoholic
(Reuters, 6/21/11)(AP, 6/22/11)(AP, 6/26/11)(SFC,
2011 Jun 20, Rival north and
south Sudan signed a deal to demilitarize their disputed frontier
region of Abyei and let in an Ethiopian peacekeeping force. Sudanese
intelligence agents were said to have posed as Red Crescent workers
and ordered some 7000 civilians to leave a UN camp in Kadugli,
Southern Kordofan. The IFRC launched an investigation but found no
evidence that its emblem was misused.
(AP, 6/21/11)(AP, 6/23/11)(AP, 6/28/11)(AP,
2011 Jun 20, Syrian President
Bashar al-Assad pledged political reforms within months to address a
wave of protests against his rule, but blamed saboteurs for the
unrest and warned that no deal could be reached with gunmen. Assad
called on the 10,000 who have already crossed the frontier to come
home. Demonstrations erupted overnight in the cities of Hama, Homs,
Latakia, Deir al-Zor, the town of Madaya near the Lebanese border,
several suburbs of the capital Damascus and in Albu Kamal on the
border with Iraq.
2011 Jun 20, Jack Warner, FIFA
official from Trinidad and Tobago, resigned from the organization
ending all investigations into his conduct. The governing body of
world soccer suspended Warner a month ago for a scandal where
$40,000 was allegedly given to his colleagues running soccer games
in Caribbean nations.
(SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A4)
2011 Jun 20, Tunisia's former
autocratic ruler, whose ouster triggered a series of Arab world
uprisings, went on trial in absentia in the first of what will
likely be a long series of court proceedings five months after he
went into exile. Zine El Abidine Ben Ali and wife Leila Trabelsi
were convicted in absentia on embezzlement and other charges after
$27 million (euro18.97 million) in jewels and public funds were
found in one of his palaces.
2011 Jun 20, In Venezuela
National Guard troops fired tear gas at a prison as they tried for a
fourth day to dislodge a group of heavily armed inmates who have
staved off attempts to retake control.
2011 Jun 20, In Yemen tens of
thousands took to the streets of the capital, demanding that the
president's sons leave Yemen as pressure rose for the wounded leader
being treated outside the country to step down. Six Yemeni soldiers,
including two officers, were killed in clashes with Al-Qaeda-linked
militants near the gunmen-held southern city of Zinjibar overnight.
Airstrikes overnight killed 20 militants in the southern province of
(AP, 6/20/11)(AFP, 6/20/11)(AP, 6/21/11)
2012 Jun 20, The US Federal
Reserve announced that it would purchase $267 billion of long-term
bonds by the end of the year, paid for from the proceeds of sales of
short-term bonds in its portfolio. This was its 7th installment of
unconventional monetary policy since running out of orthodox
ammunition in late 2008.
(Econ, 6/23/12, p.74)
2012 Jun 20, Rodney Alcala
(68), a convicted California serial killer, was flown to NY to face
charges in Manhattan of killing two women in the 1970s.
(SFC, 6/21/12, p.A8)
2012 Jun 20, San Francisco’s
new headquarters of the Public Utilities Commission, a 13-story box
at 525 Golden Gate Ave., was officially dedicated.
(SSFC, 6/17/12, p.C1)
2012 Jun 20, In San Francisco a
4-alarm blaze tore through a warehouse on Pier 29 and caused over $2
million in damages. The structure dated back to 1915. The 1918
façade was restored to its original neo-classical design in time for
the 2013 America’s Cup Race.
p.C1)(SSFC, 12/1/13, p.C12)
2012 Jun 20, A highly invasive
brown kelp native to Japan, commonly known as Wakame, was reported
to have spread throughout the San Francisco waterfront. It was first
discovered in California about 12 years ago and in SF in 2009.
(SFC, 6/20/12, p.A1)
2012 Jun 20, In Florida a
31-foot (9.4 meter) fishing boat, the T.T. Zion, washed ashore on a
Fort Lauderdale beach before dawn with its navigation lights on and
twin outboard engines still running. It belonged to Guma Aguiar
(35), the founder of a Texas oil and gas company that he sold for a
reported $2.55 billion in 2006.
2012 Jun 20, In Hawaii a
company owned by billionaire David Murdock filed a transfer
application with the state’s Public Utilities Commission to sell its
98% share of Lanai Island to Larry Ellison (67), CEO of Oracle Corp.
(SFC, 6/21/12, p.A1)
2012 Jun 20, Duluth, Minnesota,
Mayor Don Ness declared a state of emergency after a deluge of up to
9 inches of rain forced residents to evacuate their homes and
animals to escape their pens at the city zoo.
(SFC, 6/21/12, p.A8)
2012 Jun 20, In eastern
Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked US and Afghan forces at a
checkpoint in Khost, killing 21 people, including 3 US soldiers. In
Logar province 7 civilians, including 3 women and 4 children, were
killed by a roadside bomb.
2012 Jun 20, Angola police in
Luanda dispersed more than 100 protesting war veterans, who claimed
they have not received promised payments. State news agency Angop
quoted an army statement saying payments were resumed June 15.
2012 Jun 20, In Australia a
Sydney brothel was reported to have received the green light for a
multi-million-dollar expansion which will see it become the nation’s
largest sex premises. Stiletto’s hourly rate of Aus$370 includes
room, lady of choice and beverages.
2012 Jun 20, A Burundian court
sentenced journalist Hassan Ruvakuki and 13 others to life in prison
on terrorism charges for a November attack launched from across the
Tanzanian border, a ruling criticized by media watchdogs.
2012 Jun 20, In China 17 people
were killed and three seriously injured when a long-distance bus
overturned and plunged down a deep ravine in Fujian's Ningde city.
2012 Jun 20, In China Ngawang
Norphel (21) set himself on fire along with another Tibetan youth,
Tenzin Kaldrup, who died at the protest in Chendou county in the
western province of Qinghai. Norphel died of his burns on Aug 1.
2012 Jun 20, Colombia’s
Congress approved a government-sponsored constitutional reform of
the judicial system. It stripped the Supreme Court of the power to
investigate allegations of crimes committed by legislators. Pres.
Santos called Congress back into session on June 27th urging it to
reverse its vote.
(Econ, 6/30/12, p.37)
2012 Jun 20, In Colombia 4
people were killed and 11 injured in an attack on a bus in Narino
province. Authorities blamed FARC rebels.
(SFC, 6/21/12, p.A2)
2012 Jun 20, In the Democratic
Republic of Congo almost 170 soldiers, including seven senior
officers, quit the army in the east of the DRC to join a mutinous
armed force known as M23. The deserters were all members of a former
rebel movement, the National Congress for the Defence of the People
(CNDP), who were integrated into the army early in 2009, following a
2012 Jun 20, In Colombia 4
people were killed and 11 injured in an attack on a bus in Narino
province. Authorities blamed FARC rebels.
(SFC, 6/21/12, p.A2)
2012 Jun 20, In Egypt Hosni
Mubarek was in a coma but off life support and his heart and other
vital organs were functioning following a stroke a day earlier.
2012 Jun 20, In France a
gunman, who authorities say had past psychiatric problems, took four
people hostage in a bank in Toulouse, claiming he was acting for
religious reasons. The gunman released one hostage mid-afternoon, a
woman in her late 20s.
2012 Jun 20, Israel's
government said 30 Jewish families have consented to leave the
Ulpana enclave, an unauthorized West Bank settler outpost,
suggesting their court-ordered evacuation can proceed peacefully.
2012 Jun 20, An Israeli air
strike near Gaza City killed Moamen al-Adam (14). His father was
also seriously wounded, and two other people were said to be in
moderate condition. An earlier air raid killed Hamas militant Ghaleb
Ermilat (21), whom Israel said was a "global jihad operative" who
was behind a deadly ambush along the Israeli-Egyptian border, which
killed one Israeli civilian earlier this week.
2012 Jun 20, In Kenya 6 lions
were speared to death overnight on the outskirts of Nairobi after
they strayed from the city's national park and killed four goats.
Kenya has been losing 100 lions a year for the best part of the past
decade, leaving the country with just 2,000 of its famous big cats.
On June 22 an official said Maasai warriors who speared to death the
six lions will be arrested for killing wildlife.
(AFP, 6/20/12)(AP, 6/22/12)
2012 Jun 20, Kuwait's
constitutional court declared February's legislative polls, in which
the opposition swept to victory, illegal and reinstated the previous
2012 Jun 20, In Mali Islamists
occupying the north gave a couple in Timbuktu 100 lashes of a whip
for having a child out of wedlock as they continue enforcing sharia
2012 Jun 20, In Nigeria new
clashes between Christians and Muslims hit areas in and around the
city of Kaduna, leaving at least five people dead. Days of violence
left 106 people dead.
2012 Jun 20, In Romania former
PM Adrian Nastase shot himself and was hospitalized hours after a
court upheld a 2-year prison sentence on corruption charges.
(SFC, 6/21/12, p.A2)
2012 Jun 20, Senegalese police
detained former interior minister Ousmane Ngom for questioning amid
a probe by the new regime into graft by officials from the previous
government. Amnesty International urged Senegal's new government to
deal with rights violations which have gone unpunished for years in
the west African nation.
2012 Jun 20, In Sweden
explosives were found on a truck at the southwestern Ringhals atomic
power station. Bomb technicians said the material lacked a
detonating device, meaning there was no danger of an imminent
2012 Jun 20, In Syria 29
soldiers were among 46 people killed in violence, as UN observers
said they were "morally obliged" to stay in the country despite the
risks. The mission's mandate ends on July 20. The Observatory later
said 88 people were killed today across the country.
(AFP, 6/20/12)(AFP, 6/24/12)
2012 Jun 20, In Thailand
Michelle Elizabeth Smith (60), an Australian tourist, was stabbed
and killed as 2 men tried to steal her bag on the resort island of
Phuket. Two Thai men were arrested and pleaded guilty on June 26,
saying they meant only to slash her pocketbook strap and never meant
to stab her.
2012 Jun 20, Uganda’s minister
for ethics and integrity, Simon Lokodo, said Uganda will ban 38
nongovernmental organizations for spreading homosexuality.
2012 Jun 20, Uruguay announced
plans to have its government sell marijuana to take drug profits out
of the hands of dealers. The defense minister said Uruguayan farmers
would plant the marijuana.
2012 Jun 20, In southern Yemen
renewed fighting left six al-Qaida fighters and three soldiers dead
as the government consolidated its recapture of militant
strongholds. Demining teams spotted an Egyptian militant but he
killed himself with a hand grenade before being arrested. Officials
also found the bodies of 7 militants, including 3 Egyptians, killed
in earlier fighting. Security forces killed local Al-Qaeda leader
Salah al-Jawhari and two other "suicide bombers who were preparing
to target military and security commanders in Bayda. Security forces
also arrested Majed al-Qulaisi, "a member of the (Al-Qaeda) cell
that planned" the deadly suicide attack that killed more than 100
troops at a military parade rehearsal in Sanaa last month. A
Tunisian, "one of Al-Qaeda's most dangerous foreign nationals in
Yemen," Nizar Abdel Rahman, was also arrested.
(AP, 6/20/12)(AFP, 6/20/12)
2013 Jun 20, The corporate
office of 7-Eleven told its 5,600 franchise owners of the chain's
convenience stores that it was requiring an internal review of
personnel files after federal authorities seized 14 stores in New
York and Virginia this week that employed undocumented workers in a
"modern-day plantation system."
2013 Jun 20, In eastern
Washington state a routine inspection at the Hanford Nuclear
Reservation detected higher radioactivity under a tank holding
(SFC, 6/21/13, p.A4)
2013 Jun 20, Sociology Prof.
Philip Slater (b.1927), author and early LSD tester, died in Santa
Cruz, Ca. His books included “The Pursuit of Loneliness” (1970),
“Wealth Addiction” (1980) and “A Dream Deferred” (1992).
(SFC, 6/27/13, p.D6)
2013 Jun 20, In San Jose, Ca.,
Manuel Urzua (16) died gunshot wound inflicted a day earlier. Police
later arrested four men and two teenage boys in connection with the
(SFC, 10/22/13, p.D3)
2013 Jun 20, An Afghan
spokesman said President Karzai is willing to join peace talks with
the Taliban if the US follows through with promises he says were
made by Secretary of State John Kerry in a phone call. Spokesman
Fayeq Wahidi said Kerry promised that the Taliban flag and a
nameplate with their former regime's name would be removed from the
militant group's newly opened political office in Doha, and said the
US would issue a formal letter supporting the Afghan government.
2013 Jun 20, The Afghan Taliban
said they are ready to free US Army Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl, held captive
since 2009, in exchange for five of their senior operatives
imprisoned at Guantanamo Bay as a conciliatory gesture.
2013 Jun 20, More than a
million Brazilians poured into the streets of at least 80 cities in
this week's largest anti-government demonstrations yet. Violent
clashes broke out in several cities as people demanding improved
public services and an end to corruption faced tear gas, pepper
spray and rubber bullets. At least one protester was killed in Sao
Paulo state after a car rammed into a crowd of demonstrators.
2013 Jun 20, Britain’s
Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) said the aggregate capital
shortfall at five UK banks at the end of 2012 was 27.1 billion
pounds, slightly higher than its 25 billion initial estimate in
March this year.
2013 Jun 20, In Canada 2 people
were killed in a massive explosion and fire at a fireworks plant
2013 Jun 20, In Colombia
American DEA agent James Watson (43) died in a robbery attempt as he
got into a Bogota taxi. On June 25 police said 5 men were arrested
in the case. On July 1, 2014, seven Colombian taxi drivers were
extradited to stand trial in Virginia for the murder of Watson.
(AP, 6/21/13)(SFC, 6/26/13, p.A2)(SFC, 7/2/14,
2013 Jun 20, In Colombia the
Revolutionary Armed Forces (FARC) caught a US soldier, identified as
Kevin Scott Sutay, in a jungle region in the south of the country.
They reported his capture on July 19 and described him as a mine
clearance expert from New York who has served in Afghanistan. Sutay
was reported released on Oct 27.
(Reuters, 7/19/13)(AFP, 10/28/13)
2013 Jun 20, An Icelandic
businessman linked to the anti-secrecy group WikiLeaks said he had
readied a private plane in China to fly Edward Snowden, who has
admitted leaking secrets about classified US surveillance programs,
from Hong Kong to Iceland if Iceland's government would grant
2013 Jun 20, Iran's state TV
said the country's navy has detained 13 fishermen from two United
Arab Emirates vessels after they trespassed into what the report
said were Iranian territorial waters.
2013 Jun 20, In Iraq a mortar
attack killed one person in Ramadi, Anbar province, while polls were
open. A suicide bomber blew himself up inside a ballot-counting
center in Ramadi, killing at least 4 people, after the polls closed
in elections in two of the country's most volatile province.
2013 Jun 20, Kyrgyzstan
lawmakers voted 91-5 in favor of ending an agreement with the US to
lease the Manas Transit Center in June 2014. The bill will come into
force when it is signed by President Almazbek Atambayev, who has
repeatedly pledged to end the lease.
2013 Jun 20, Lebanese
demonstrators clashed with police in downtown Beirut during a
protest against the extension of parliament's term earlier this
2013 Jun 20, Shell Nigeria said
an explosion and fire caused by oil theft have forced it to shut
down its Trans Niger Pipeline that carries 150,000 barrels of crude
2013 Jun 20, Rami Hamdallah,
the new Palestinian prime minister, submitted his resignation to
President Mahmoud Abbas, after two weeks on the job, because of a
conflict over authority.
2013 Jun 20, Saudi Arabia said
it plans to deport Lebanese citizens who support Hezbollah because
of the militant group's role in the Syrian civil war.
2013 Jun 20, In Singapore the
Pollutant Standards Index, surged to a record reading of 371. People
were urged to remain indoors as a smoky haze wrought by forest fires
in neighboring Indonesia worsened dramatically. Nearby Malaysia
closed 200 schools and banned open burning in some areas.
2013 Jun 20, Syrian rebels and
Kurdish gunmen reached an agreement to end a rebel siege on the
northern predominantly Kurdish region of Afrin that triggered a
shortage of food and medicine there. Violence was reported between
government forces and rebels in different parts of the country,
mostly near Damascus and in Aleppo.
2014 Jun 20, A US State
Department blacklist included Thailand and Malaysia for their
failure to meet minimum standards in fighting human trafficking.
2014 Jun 20, The US issued new
sanctions against seven Ukraine separatists accused of stoking
violence against their capital in Kiev.
2014 Jun 20, Former driver
Peter Malaszuk filed suit against imprisoned hedge-fund founder Raj
Rajaratnam in US District Court alleging that Rajaratnam gave him
names and contact information for the family members of inmates who
were to receive money. He says the cash was meant to secure special
treatment in prison for Rajaratnam, who is serving an 11-year
sentence for insider trading at a minimum-security facility in
2014 Jun 20, Afghanistan's
president Hamid Karzai said that he was in favor of the UN
intervening in the presidential election after one of the candidates
dropped out of the process over allegations of mass fraud. Guards in
a provincial governor's convoy traded gunfire with policemen at a
checkpoint, prompting clashes that left four of the guards dead and
four policemen wounded in Balkh province. A mortar shell slammed
into a home in Nangarhar province, killing one child and wounding
(Reuters, 6/20/14)(AP, 6/20/14)
2014 Jun 20, In southern
Afghanistan 3 US troops and a working dog were killed by a bomb
2014 Jun 20, Albanian police
declared victory over drug producers who for more than 15 years had
run the southern village of Lazarat as a personal fief, churning out
marijuana on an industrial scale untouched by the NATO member state.
Police said most of the ringleaders had escaped under cover of
2014 Jun 20, A British husband
and wife were convicted of murdering the woman's parents, burying
their bodies and collecting their pension checks for 15 years. A
jury at Nottingham Crown Court found Susan and Christopher Edwards
guilty of shooting William and Patricia Wycherly in May 1998.
2014 Jun 20, In China
assailants stabbed two police officers guarding a security
checkpoint in a village in Qaraqash county, Xinjiang, and set fire
to a room in which three other officers were sleeping, killing all
2014 Jun 20, In Egypt two
people were killed in Cairo in clashes during demonstrations by
supporters of ousted Islamist president Morsi.
2014 Jun 20, Estonian PM Taavi
Roivas urged NATO to establish a permanent presence in the Baltic
state in response to Russia's actions in Ukraine.
2014 Jun 20, European Union
finance ministers in Luxembourg agreed on a reform to close a
loophole that allowed companies to shift some of their profits
between different country divisions to avoid taxation.
2014 Jun 20, Tens of thousands
of Hong Kongers voted in an unofficial referendum on democratic
reform that has alarmed Beijing and sets the stage for a possible
showdown with the government, with mass protests aimed at shutting
down the Chinese capitalist enclave's financial district.
2014 Jun 20, Iran and six
powers made some progress on drafting the wording of a nuclear deal,
but key sections of the document were left blank. Iranian Foreign
Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said full agreement was possible at
the next round, in Vienna on July 2.
2014 Jun 20, Iran’s state TV
reported that a court in Kerman province has convicted two men on
charges of spying for Britain and Israel and sentenced them to 10
and five years in prison, respectively.
2014 Jun 20, In Iraq Grand
Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, the spiritual leader of the Shiite
majority, called for a new, "effective" government, increasing
pressure on PM Maliki as an offensive by Sunni militants rages on.
2014 Jun 20, Iraqi Kurdistan
looked set to unload in Israel a first cargo of disputed crude oil
from its new pipeline after weeks of seeking an outlet as Iraq's
central government has threatened legal action against any buyer.
2014 Jun 20, Israeli soldiers
killed Mohammed Dudin (15), a Palestinian boy, in clashes during
West Bank raids. 3 other Palestinians were seriously wounded by army
gunfire during raids in four towns and refugee camps, as a search
for three Israeli teens feared abducted in the territory entered its
(Reuters, 6/20/14)(AP, 6/20/14)
2014 Jun 20, Kenya's Interior
Ministry said security forces have shot and killed five people
suspected of killing 60 residents in two nighttime attacks on a
coastal town this week.
2014 Jun 20, In eastern Lebanon
a suicide bomber detonated his vehicle near a police checkpoint,
killing one person amid rising fears of renewed violence in this
volatile country sparked by a stunning offensive by Sunni insurgents
in nearby Iraq.
2014 Jun 20, In the Philippines
Sen. Ramon Revilla Jr., popular politician and action movie star,
surrendered after an anti-graft court ordered his arrest on
large-scale corruption charges in a rare spectacle of the country's
political elite being made to answer for alleged crimes.
2014 Jun 20, Slovenia's former
PM Janez Jansa went to prison to begin a two-year sentence for
bribery in an arms deal with a Finnish company. In 2015 a retrial
was ordered by the Supreme Court after the Constitutional Court
overturned his conviction.
(AP, 6/23/14)(AP, 4/23/15)
2014 Jun 20, In Syria a
powerful truck bomb exploded in the government-held village of
Horrah, near Hama, killing at least 34 civilians and wounding more
than 50. Fighters of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)
captured key towns in eastern Syria adjoining territory the al Qaeda
splinter group has seized in Iraq.
(AP, 6/20/14)(Reuters, 6/20/14)
2014 Jun 20, In Syria the
bullet-riddled bodies of 3 officers of the Western and Arab-backed
rebel Free Syrian Army were found, two days after suspected Islamist
militants (ISIL) kidnapped them in the oil-rich eastern province of
2014 Jun 20, In Ukraine 7
government troops were killed in overnight fighting in the Donetsk
region, as clashes between government forces and pro-Russia rebels
flared ahead of the publication of a presidential peace plan that
includes a unilateral cease-fire.
2014 Jun 20, UN
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon urged the Security Council to impose
an arms embargo on Syria, describing foreign powers and groups as
"irresponsible" for giving military support to the warring parties
in the three-year conflict.
2014 Jun 20, The United Nations
cultural agency listed the Palestinian village of Battir as a World
Heritage site in danger, raising hopes among residents that this
will protect their community against Israel's West Bank separation
2014 Jun 20, Yemeni officials
said at least 85 people have been killed over the last week in
clashes between Shiite rebels and Islamist tribesmen supported by
army units. 11 soldiers were among the dead.
(SFC, 6/21/14, p.A2)
2015 Jun 20, In Louisiana
police officer Daryle Holloway was shot and killed while
transporting Travis Boys (33) to jail. Boys escaped but was arrested
the next day.
2015 Jun 20, In South Carolina
several thousand protesters gathered under the controversial
Confederate flag at the state legislature, demanding it be taken
down in response to the June 17 Charleston church massacre.
2015 Jun 20, Virginia’s
attorney general announced a settlement to keep open Sweet Briar
College using $12 million raised by alumnae. The women’s college was
founded in 1901 as the Sweet Briar Institute.
2015 Jun 20, In southern
Afghanistan a powerful roadside bomb exploded killing at least 12
family members in Helmand province.
(AP, 6/20/15)(SSFC, 6/21/15, p.A6)
2015 Jun 20, In Austria a man
(26) apparently distraught over personal issues drove his SUV into a
crowd in Graz, killing 3 people and injuring 34 others.
2015 Jun 20, Thousands of
protesters marched through central London to demonstrate against the
newly re-elected Conservative government's plans for public spending
2015 Jun 20, British police
arrested Karenzi Karake (54), the head of Rwanda's intelligence
service, on a warrant issued by Spain.
2015 Jun 20, In Colombia a
twin-engine Cessna crashed into the thick jungle shortly after
taking flight from Quibdo. The pilot was killed but Maria Nelly
Murillo and her one-year-old son survived and were rescued four days
2015 Jun 20, Cambodian police
said they have made one of their biggest drug seizures in several
years, netting 55 kg (121 pounds) of methamphetamine and heroin at
four locations this past week in Phnom Penh.
2015 Jun 20, Colombia said it
has sent a letter of protest to neighboring Venezuela after the
government of President Nicolas Maduro decreed maritime borders in a
disputed area of the Atlantic Ocean.
2015 Jun 20, In Germany
Al-Jazeera journalist Ahmed Mansour (52) was arrested at a Berlin
airport, after Germany acted on an international arrest warrant
issued by his native country Egypt. An Egyptian court had sentenced
Mansour in absentia in 2014 to 15 years in prison, for "torturing a
lawyer in 2011 on Tahrir Square" in Cairo, epicenter of an
anti-regime uprising that brought down former president Hosni
Mubarak. Mansour was soon released without charges.
(AFP, 6/21/15)(Reuters, 6/22/15)
2015 Jun 20, In northern India
a passenger bus rolled down a gorge on a mountainous road, killing
at least 16 people.
2015 Jun 20, In Iraq US and
coalition forces launched 18 air strikes against Islamic State
targets, with four each in Tal Afar and Mosul.
2015 Jun 20, Italian
prosecutors sought to indict 297 people and the Bank of China in
connection with a massive money-laundering investigation. The Bank
of has denied any wrongdoing.
(SFC, 6/22/15, p.A2)
2015 Jun 20, In Italy hundreds
of thousands gathered in Rome to demonstrate against gay unions and
the teaching of gender theories in schools, as PM Matteo Renzi
worked to push a civil union bill through parliament.
2015 Jun 20, Italian pizza
makers in Milan won a Guinness World Record for creating a pizza
1.59 km long.
(SSFC, 6/21/15, p.A3)
2015 Jun 20, In northeastern
Kenya Mohamed Barre Abdullahi, a local chief in Wajir, was gunned
down by suspected members of the Somali-led Shebab militia.
2015 Jun 20, In Latvia up to
5,000 people participated in a high-profile gay pride event in Riga.
Police said three people from the counter-demonstration were
arrested for trying to throw eggs and for illegal picketing.
2015 Jun 20, In Libya dozens of
fighters from the Islamic State group were killed as militiamen
sought to dislodge them from a neighborhood in the eastern city of
2015 Jun 20, Mali's Tuareg-led
rebel alliance signed a landmark deal to end years of unrest in a
nation riven by ethnic divisions and in the grip of a jihadist
2015 Jun 20, Mexican
authorities in Tamaulipas state said soldiers have killed 6 presumed
criminals who shot at them as they patrolled a rural area of the
community of Matamoros across the border from Brownsville, Texas.
2015 Jun 20, In Slovakia at
least 140 people were arrested after violence broke out at an
anti-immigration rally in Bratislava attended by thousands of people
in protest at EU quotas on migrant numbers.
2015 Jun 20, In Somalia gunmen
from the Islamist group al Shabaab killed at least 8 officers in a
raid early today on a police station near Mogadishu.
2015 Jun 20, In Syria three US
and coalition forces air strikes near Tal Abyad hit three Islamic
State tactical units.
2015 Jun 20, Islamic State
planted mines and bombs in the ancient part of the central Syrian
city of Palmyra, home to Roman-era ruins.
2015 Jun 20, In Venezuela some
500 marchers hit the Caracas streets to demand elections and the
release of jailed opposition activists including figurehead Leopoldo
Lopez, who has been on hunger strike since May 24.
2015 Jun 20, In Yemen a car
bomb exploded in Sanaa near the Qiba al-Mahdi mosque, killing 2
people and wounding six others. The Islamic State group claimed
responsibility. Arab air strikes killed 15 people and wounded dozens
across the country late today.
(Reuters, 6/20/15)(Reuters, 6/21/15)
2016 Jun 20, The US Supreme
Court effectively upheld Connecticut and New York state bans on
military-style assault weapons, declining to hear a challenge to
bans on guns like the one used to kill 49 people in Orlando earlier
(AFP, 6/20/16)(SFC, 6/21/16, p.A6)
2016 Jun 20, In southern
California two wildfires erupted near Duarte. On July 7 the bodies
of hikers Jonathan Pardo (16) and cousin Carlos Perez (31) were
found burned to death in the Angeles National Forest.
(SFC, 7/9/16, p.A11)
2016 Jun 20, Chicago reported
55 shot over the weekend, 13 fatally. The city counted 306 people
killed this year by shooting, stabbing or other means.
(SFC, 6/21/16, p.A6)
2016 Jun 20, The Solar Impulse
2 aircraft took off from New York's JFK airport and soared over the
western Atlantic, one of the most difficult legs of its
record-breaking bid to fly across the globe using only solar energy.
2016 Jun 20, In Afghanistan a
Taliban suicide bomber killed 14 Nepalese security guards in an
attack on their minibus in Kabul. A second Taliban bombing in Kabul
killed a civilian and wounded five people. A bomb rigged to a
motorbike killed 10 Afghan civilians during morning rush hour in a
busy market in a province in the northeast.
2016 Jun 20, In Armenia Jirair
Sefilian, a leader of the opposition group Founding Parliament, was
arrested and charged with illegal acquisition and possession of
weapons. Investigators said he and his supporters were planning to
seize government buildings and the television transmission tower.
2016 Jun 20, Bahrain said it
has revoked the citizenship of Sheikh Isa Qassim, the Sunni-ruled
kingdom's top Shiite cleric, accusing him of sowing sectarian
divisions. The move sparked fresh protests among the majority
2016 Jun 20, Belgian police
detained six people in connection with a foiled attack last August
21 on a high-speed train travelling from Amsterdam to Paris.
2016 Jun 20, In Brazil Oi
telecom operator made the largest bankruptcy in the country’s
history. The company was $19 billion in debt.
(Econ, 6/25/16, p.59)
2016 Jun 20, China’s government
said severe floods in the south have killed at least 22 people and
left 20 missing June 18, with the rains expected to continue for the
next three days. Three days of heavy rain last week had already
killed 14 people.
2016 Jun 20, Croatian lawmakers
voted to dissolve Parliament, paving the way for early elections
after the government fell in a no-confidence vote last week.
2016 Jun 20, In Cyprus a
large forest fire continued to rage out of control and so far has
scorched 15 square km (5.8 sq. miles) of trees and countryside.
2016 Jun 20, Indonesia,
Malaysia and the Philippines agreed to designate a transit corridor
for commercial vessels crossing a maritime zone hit by a spate of
hijackings by Islamist militants in the southern Philippines.
2016 Jun 20, Iran's
intelligence ministry said it had thwarted a major jihadist plot to
carry out bomb attacks in the capital Tehran and other parts of the
2016 Jun 20, In Iran the
Ghanoon newspaper said in a statement on its website that Tehran's
prosecutor ordered it to halt operations based on allegations of
"libel and spreading lies to create public anxiety," following
complaints from the Revolutionary Guard.
2016 Jun 20, An Iraqi military
commander said his forces are battling Islamic State militants in
the northern neighborhoods of Fallujah days after most of the city
was declared liberated.
2016 Jun 20, Kenya Forest
Service rangers and police began a 2-day eviction of more than 200
families of Ogiek hunter gatherers on the wooded slopes of Mt.
Elgon. The indigenous people have suffered repeated expulsions since
being moved by the British colonial government in the 1930s.
(http://tinyurl.com/zz37v4q)(Econ, 7/16/16, p.37)
2016 Jun 20, Nepalese police
said they have arrested 53 people for allegedly working as doctors
with fake credentials or false education certificates and that more
suspects would be arrested this week as part of "Operation Quack."
Another 17 had been arrested in February when authorities began the
2016 Jun 20, The Nigerian naira
depreciated 30% as the government allowed the currency to float,
with business welcoming the move as an overdue step towards reviving
Africa's biggest economy. The central bank released the naira from
its peg of 197-199 to the dollar.
(AFP, 6/20/16)(Econ, 7/9/16, p.62)(Econ, 3/4/17,
2016 Jun 20, Al Fatihin, an
online newspaper published in the Indonesian language and linked to
the Islamic State militant group, was launched in the southern
Philippines. It was soon distributed in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia,
Singapore, and southern Thailand.
2016 Jun 20, Russian
investigators announced they had completed a first probe into the
February 27, 2015, murder of Kremlin critic Boris Nemtsov,
describing the killing as a hit ordered by a low-ranking Chechen
official and other "unidentified" suspects. Five suspects currently
in detention had been reportedly offered 15 million rubles (about
$235,000) for the murder by Ruslan Mukhudinov and other individuals.
2016 Jun 20, A Serbian court
sentenced Miroslav Miskovic (70), one of the richest businessmen in
the Balkans, for helping his son evade paying about $3.4 million in
taxes linked to his road construction business.
(SFC, 6/21/16, p.A2)
2016 Jun 20, Somalia's al
Shabaab militants killed 5 police officers in a border region in
2016 Jun 20, The UN said the
number of refugees and others fleeing their homes worldwide has hit
a new record, spiking to 65.3 million people by the end of 2015.
2016 Jun 20, In Yemen an air
strike by the Saudi-led military coalition reportedly killed and
wounded 8 civilians in Lahj province.
2017 Jun 20, The Trump
administration announced that it has imposed sanctions on two
Russian officials and three dozen other individuals and companies
over Russian activities in the Ukraine. Soon after the announcement
Pres. Trump met with Ukraine’s Pres. Petro Poroshenko.
(SFC, 6/21/17, p.A3)
2017 Jun 20, The San Francisco
Board of Supervisors passed a citywide ban on the sale of flavored
(SFC, 6/21/17, p.A1)
2017 Jun 20, Uber CEO Travis
Kalanick resigned under pressure from five major investors. He had
co-founded the firm in 2009.
(SFC, 6/21/17, p.A1)(Econ 6/24/17, p.58)
2017 Jun 20, In Georgia
Republican Karen Handel won a congressional election with almost 53%
of the vote in a race recognized as the most expensive House history
with a price tag that might exceed $50 million.
(SFC, 6/21/17, p.A4)
2017 Jun 20, A federal judge in
Ferguson, Mo., approved a settlement in the wrongful death lawsuit
filed by the parents of Michael Brown, who was fatally shot by a
white police officer on August 9, 2014.
(SFC, 6/21/17, p.A4)
2017 Jun 20, Cisco announced
that it has found a way to detect malware hidden in encrypted
traffic without decrypting, or cracking the secret code protecting
the data being transmitted using its “intent-based” network.
(SFC, 6/21/17, p.C1)
2017 Jun 20, GE Transportation
said it has signed a $575 million deal with Egypt's national railway
system to provide 100 locomotives. Most of the company's
international locomotives are built in Erie, Pennsylvania.
2017 Jun 20, In Afghanistan
four policemen were killed when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb
in southern Helmand province. In eastern Nangarhar province a judge
died when his vehicle was blown up by a sticky bomb.
2017 Jun 20, In Belgium a
soldier shot dead a Moroccan national (36) attempting an attack on
Brussels' Central Station. Oussama Z. carried a suitcase, later
found to contain nails and gas bottles, which caught fire and then
exploded a second time more violently as the man ran downstairs to
the platforms where he was killed.
(Reuters, 6/21/17)(SFC, 6/23/17, p.A3)
2017 Jun 20, The London-based
group World Animal Protection said dried penises of endangered
Bengal monitor lizards and yellow monitor lizards look similar to a
rare plant root sought by people who believe it brings good luck.
Wildlife authorities conducted raids in five Indian states last
month and some raids were continuing.
2017 Jun 20, British regulators
charged Barclays bank and four former executives, including then-CEO
John Varley, with conspiracy to commit fraud when they asked Qatar
for 6.1 billion ($7.7 billion) to avoid a government bailout at the
height of the financial crisis in 2008.
2017 Jun 20, The Catholic
church released a document saying more than 3,300 people have been
killed in central Congo’s Kasai province since August.
(SFC, 6/21/17, p.A2)
2017 Jun 20, The European Court
for Human Rights ruled that Russia’s law banning dissemination of
so-called gay propaganda to minors violates the right to freedom of
(SFC, 6/21/17, p.A2)
2017 Jun 20, Finland's
government survived a no-confidence vote after a coalition partner
split in two following a leadership battle.
2017 Jun 20, French Defence
Minister Sylvie Goulard announced her resignation over a fake jobs
scandal that has hit her small centrist MoDem party, which has
allied itself with President Emmanuel Macron's party.
2017 Jun 20, In France a truck
driver was killed in a highway accident prompted by a roadblock
installed by migrants trying to board trucks traveling across to
Britain. Nine Eritrean migrants were detained.
2017 Jun 20, Israel’s PM
Benjamin Netanyahu said ground has been broken in the West Bank for
the first new Israeli settlement in two decades to compensate for
the Amona outpost demolished earlier this year.
2017 Jun 20, Tokyo's Gov.
Yuriko Koike said the giant Tsukiji fish market, popular with
tourists, won't be destroyed, although it will be closed for up to
five years while it is modernized and turned into a food theme park.
2017 Jun 20, A court in Myanmar
sentenced a self-styled exorcist to death for killing three children
during a ritual he carried out after telling their parents their
offspring were possessed by evil spirits. The court sentenced Tun
Naing for the deaths of two girls, aged 8 months and 2 years, and a
3-year-old boy. The children suffered fatal injuries last October
when Tun Naing punched and kicked them.
2017 Jun 20, The Dutch Senate
approved legislation that obliges all new migrants to sign a
declaration pledging to respect "the values and rules of Dutch
society" as part of a civic integration test to help them gain
citizenship or residency.
2017 Jun 20, Pakistan's army
says construction will begin soon on a fence across the border with
Afghanistan in order to improve security.
2017 Jun 20, In Somalia at
least 15 people were killed after a suicide car bomber posing as a
milk delivery van detonated at a district headquarters in Mogadishu.
The al-Qaida-linked al-Shabab extremist group quickly claimed
responsibility for the attack.
2017 Jun 20, A Vatican
statement said auditor general Libero Milone had offered his
resignation and Pope Francis had accepted it. A search is underway
for a replacement.
2017 Jun 20, It was reported
that the number of Venezuelans seeking asylum in the United States
is accelerating as the oil-rich economy crashes and bloody,
anti-government protests roil the nation.
2018 Jun 20, President Donald
Trump signed an executive order reversing a policy of separating
migrant families at the Mexico border. This sparked confusion over
how the new guidelines will play out and deep concern that the
changes don't go far enough, allowing children to still be held in
detention even if they remain with their families.
(AP, 6/21/18)(SFC, 6/21/18, p.A5)
2018 Jun 20, The New York
Archdiocese said Cardinal Theodore McCarrick (87), the former
Archbishop of Washington, has been removed from ministry after an
investigation found credible allegations that he sexually abused a
teenager 47 years ago while serving as a priest in New York.
(SFC, 6/21/18, p.A5)
2018 Jun 20, In NYC Lesandro
Guzman -Feliz (15) died after he was slashed in the neck with a
machete outside a Bronx bodega. The killers later wrote apology
notes to the boy's family on Facebook, saying they targeted the
wrong teen. On July 3 police announced the arrest of a 10th suspect
in the case and searched for another.
(http://tinyurl.com/yb7dbfvr)(SFC, 7/5/18, p.A6)
2018 Jun 20, In Afghanistan
Taliban fighters killed at least 30 Afghan soldiers overnight in an
attack on two checkpoints in western Badghis province.
2018 Jun 20, British PM Theresa
May's government saw off a rebellion by her pro-European MPs after
making further concessions over parliament's role in the final
2018 Jun 20, In China North
Korea's Leader Kim Jong Un and Chinese President Xi Jinping came to
an understanding on issues discussed at a summit of the two leaders,
including denuclearization of the Korean peninsula as Kim ended a
2-day visit to Beijing.
2018 Jun 20, Eritrea's
President Isaias Afwerki announced he is sending a rare delegation
to neighboring Ethiopia for peace talks, days after Ethiopia's new
PM Abiy Ahmed took a major step toward calming deadly tensions with
its decades-long rival.
2018 Jun 20, The European Union
said it will from start taxing a range of imports from the US on
June 22, including quintessentially American goods like
Harley-Davidson bikes and cranberries, in response to President
Donald Trump's decision to slap tariffs on European steel and
2018 Jun 20, The European Union
adopted a support package to Lebanon of 165 million euros ($191
million) to help the country cope with hosting Syrian refugees.
2018 Jun 20, The European Union
finalized new climate rules after months of talks, targeting a total
energy saving of 32.5 percent and an uplift in the share of
renewable energy to 32 percent by 2030.
2018 Jun 20, The Finnish border
guard said five people have entered Finland illegally with the help
of soccer World Cup fan identity papers and then applied for asylum.
2018 Jun 20, The French
government approved six long-delayed offshore wind projects but
sharply cut their subsidies.
2018 Jun 20, Hungary's
parliament approved a package of bills that criminalizes some help
given to illegal immigrants, defying the European Union and human
rights groups and narrowing the scope for action by non-governmental
2018 Jun 20, India's federal
government took direct control of Kashmir state after the ruling
Hindu nationalist party ended its long-troubled alliance there with
a Kashmiri political party.
2018 Jun 20, Vedanta Ltd said a
sulphuric acid leak from a tank at its southern Indian copper
smelter was severe and inaction could lead to serious environmental
consequences. The Tamil Nadu state government ordered a permanent
closure of the plant and disconnected the power supply last month
following protests over alleged pollution.
2018 Jun 20, Iraqi police
surrounded the headquarters of an Iran-backed militia and detained
one of its members after an armed clash left three people wounded in
2018 Jun 20, Israeli warplanes
pounded Hamas targets in the Gaza Strip early today in a new
flare-up of hostilities that saw dozens of rockets and mortar shells
fired from the Palestinian enclave.
2018 Jun 20, The Macedonian
parliament formally ratified a landmark name agreement with Greece,
paving the way for Skopje's admission to NATO and the opening of
accession talks with the European Union.
2018 Jun 20, In Mexico Omar
Gomez Lucatero, an independent candidate for the mayorship of
Aguililla, a conflict-ridden rural town in western Mexico, was
killed. He was the 17th candidate killed so far in the 2018
2018 Jun 20, Nigerian President
Muhammadu Buhari (75) signed the 2018 budget into law, more than six
months after the 9.1-trillion-naira ($25 billion, 22-billion-euro)
spending plan was first presented to parliament.
2018 Jun 20, In Pakistan gunmen
opened fire on a police officer's car in the northwestern city of
Quetta, killing his minor son and uncle and injuring the officer
critically. The attackers escaped on motorcycles.
2018 Jun 20, In northwestern
Pakistan a vehicle drove off a road in a mountainous area, killing
nine people and injuring another four. Hours earlier, a vehicle
carrying tourists in the scenic Swat Valley drove into a river,
killing six people and injuring three.
2018 Jun 20, Poland's PM
Mateusz Morawiecki warned of "very significant" crop losses as the
EU country scrambled to help farmers struggling to cope with an
unusual spring drought amid soaring temperatures. Grain and
vegetable farmers in neighboring Lithuania have also warned of
drought-related losses. Latvian officials were considering the
declaration of a state of emergency.
2018 Jun 20, In Romania
protesters gained access to the Parliament building and staged a
noisy protest against recent legislation they say will facilitate
2018 Jun 20, The Russian
Foreign Ministry said it had given Latvia a list of Latvian citizens
it has banned from entering Russia for their "Russophobic" views and
calls to tighten sanctions against Russia. The entry ban is
retaliation for a similar move by Latvia with regard to 49 Russian
2018 Jun 20, South Korea urged
North Korea to present a plan with concrete steps toward
denuclearization, raising the pressure on its leader Kim Jong Un as
he met with Chinese President Xi Jinping in a visit designed to
convey the countries' growing closeness.
2018 Jun 20, South Sudan's
President Salva Kiir headed to Ethiopia for talks with rebel leader
Riek Machar on ending a five-year civil war in which tens of
thousands of civilians have been killed.
2018 Jun 20, Opposition sources
said the Syrian army stepped up shelling of opposition-held parts of
the southwest as it mobilizes for a campaign to regain the area
bordering Jordan and the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights.
2018 Jun 20, In southeastern
Turkey Kurdish militants fired on military vehicles, killing two
soldiers and wounding another. Turkey's warplanes carried out air
strikes in northern Iraq, killing 10 militants in the Avasin-Basyan
and Sinat Haftanin areas and destroying weapon stores and shelters.
2018 Jun 20, Yemeni forces
seized Hodeida airport in a major step towards retaking the
rebel-held port city. At least 156 Huthis and 28 soldiers killed in
the fight for the airport. A week of fighting has left 348 people
dead in the battle for the city.
2019 Jun 20, US military cyber
forces launched a strike against Iranian military computer systems
as President Donald Trump backed away from plans for a more
conventional military strike in response to Iran's downing of a US
2019 Jun 20, The US Supreme
Court ruled 7-2 to uphold the display of a 40-foot cross at a busy
Maryland intersection, ruling that the symbol can be seen as a war
memorial honoring local soldiers and not an unconstitutional
promotion of a favored religion.
(SFC, 6/21/19, p.A7)
2019 Jun 20, Retired US Army
colonel Joseph Baptiste (64) was convicted by a federal jury of
conspiring to bribe Haitian government officials. Roger Richard
Boncy (74), a dual US and Haitian citizen living in Spain, was also
2019 Jun 20, Potent
thunderstorms left more than 200,000 people with power in Arkansas,
Alabama, Louisiana and Texas.
(SFC, 6/21/19, p.A6)
2019 Jun 20, Univ. of Utah
student Mackenzie Lueck (23) was reported missing. On June 28 Ayoola
Ajayi (31) was arrested by a Salt Lake City SWAT team after burned
evidence was found at his home. Lueck's body was found on July 3 in
a canyon 80 miles from Salt Lake City. On July 10 Ajayi ws chrged
with murder and kidnapping.
(SFC, 6/29/19, p.A6)(SFC, 7/6/19, p.A6)(SFC,
2019 Jun 20, Brazil's Pres.
Jair Bolsonaro said if Congress does not substantially reform
Brazil's political system, he will consider running again in 2022.
2019 Jun 20, A British court
ruled that Britain broke the law by allowing arms sales to Saudi
Arabia that might have been used in Yemen's war, after activists
said there was a clear risk the weapons could be operated in
violation of human rights legislation. Britain temporarily suspended
approving new Saudi arms export licenses that might contribute to
the Gulf kingdom's four-year bombing campaign in neighboring Yemen.
International Trade Minister Liam Fox said he disagreed with the
judgment and would seek permission to appeal.
(Reuters, 6/20/19)(AFP, 6/20/19)
2019 Jun 20, Britain's foreign
secretary, Jeremy Hunt, won the right to take on Boris Johnson in
the final race to become the next prime minister.
(SFC, 6/21/19, p.A2)
2019 Jun 20, Asian nations
scrambled to contain the spread of highly contagious African swine
fever, with Vietnam culling 2.5 million pigs and China reporting
more than a million dead in an unprecedentedly huge epidemic some
fear is out of control.
2019 Jun 20, China warned that
threats and tariffs will not resolve trade tensions between the two
biggest economies and blasted Republican Sen. Marco Rubio for his
criticism of technology giant Huawei over patents.
2019 Jun 20, A Chinese court
said former Interpol President Meng Hongwei confessed to accepting
more than $2 million in bribes and expressed regret for his crime.
2019 Jun 20, Chinese President
Xi Jinping began a 2-day visit to North Korea, the first by a
Chinese president in 14 years. Kim Jong Un said that his country is
waiting for a desired response in stalled nuclear talks with the
2019 Jun 20, It was reported
that Marxist rebels and right-wing paramilitaries in Colombia are
recruiting Venezuelan migrants to strengthen their ranks.
2019 Jun 20, An Ecuador court
ordered the release of Ola Bini, a Swedish national with ties to
WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, who was accused of computer
hacking. His April 11 detention was deemed "arbitrary".
2019 Jun 20, An advocate
general for the EU's top court said Poland's new rules that lower
the retirement age for judges, introduced in 2017, break European
2019 Jun 20, In Georgia rallies
broke out in Tbilisi after a Russian lawmaker addressed parliament
from the speaker's seat. Police fired rubber bullets and tear gas at
crowds, leaving at least 160 demonstrators and 80 officers injured.
305 people were arrested.
2019 Jun 20, German federal
police office, on a European arrest warrant issued by the Belgian
authorities, picked up a suspect (39) overnight in connection with
the 2015 Paris attacks.
2019 Jun 20, In Honduras three
people were killed in Tegucigalpa in violent protests against
President Juan Orlando Hernandez. Riot police ended a three-day work
stoppage but warned the government they will not crack down on
thousands who continue to protest in the streets demanding President
Juan Orlando Hernández resign.
(AFP, 6/21/19)(AP, 6/21/19)
2019 Jun 20, A deadline imposed
by activist groups for Hong Kong's government to scrap highly
unpopular extradition bills and accept other demands passed without
an official response.
2019 Jun 20, In Hungary four
human traffickers involved in the gruesome deaths of 71 migrants in
a truck abandoned on an Austrian highway in 2015 were jailed for
life, in a case that sparked international revulsion. Hungary took
over the proceedings from Vienna after it emerged that the migrants
had suffocated on Hungarian soil.
2019 Jun 20, India's government
created a new ministry to respond to a growing water crisis, with
more than 60% of the country's 1.3 billion people dependent on
farming and favorable monsoon rains. The new Ministry of Water Power
will tackle water conservation and management.
2019 Jun 20, An Indian court
sentenced former police officer Sanjiv Bhatt, who alleged PM
Narendra Modi's complicity in killings of Muslims in 2002, to life
in prison over the 1990 death of a person in custody.
2019 Jun 20, In northern India
a bus plunged down a 1,600-foot gorge killing at least 44 people in
Himachal Pradesh state.
2019 Jun 20, Iran shot down a
US spy drone near the strategic Strait of Hormuz, with the two sides
at odds whether it was in Iranian or international airspace, in the
latest incident stoking tensions between the arch-foes.
2019 Jun 20, Italy's far-right
interior minister marked World Refugee Day by insisting migrants
rescued by a charity vessel are banned from entering Italian
2019 Jun 20, Laos reported its
first cases of African swine fever (ASF), confirming outbreaks in
the southern province of Saravane.
2019 Jun 20, Malawi police
fired tear gas at some protesters as thousands demonstrated in major
cities over last month's disputed elections.
(SFC, 6/21/19, p.A2)
2019 Jun 20, Malaysian PM
Mahathir Mohamad rejected the implication that Russia may have been
involved in the downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 over Ukraine,
after international prosecutors charged with murder four men in the
July 17, 2014, missile attack that killed all 298 people aboard.
2019 Jun 20, Malaysia
authorities arrested four Indians and seized more than 14 kg of
drugs and 5,255 turtles from their luggage at the Kuala Lumpur
airport. The red-ear slider baby turtles were kept in small baskets
from the luggage of two Indian nationals who flew in from Guangzhou,
2019 Jun 20, Mexican
researchers said they have confirmed the existence of 1,606 secret
graves containing some 2,489 bodies from 2006 to 2017.
(http://tinyurl.com/y2upbpsw)(SFC, 6/22/19, p.A4)
2019 Jun 20, Mexico announced a
program for millions of new trees to be planted in El Salvador in a
program funded by the Mexican government that aims to help
impoverished communities that often create fertile ground for
2019 Jun 20, Russians took
their fears over falling incomes and a creaking healthcare system to
President Vladimir Putin during a glossy annual phone-in that comes
following a decline in his ratings.
2019 Jun 20, State TV said
Russia has started releasing a group of captive killer whales whose
detention in Russia's Far East has caused an international outcry.
Russian Deputy PM Alexei Gordeyev said the whales would be taken
back to where they were caught and released within four months.
2019 Jun 20, In Russia former
US Marine Paul Whelan, held on suspicion of spying, called on US
Pres. Donald Trump and the leaders of Britain, Canada and Ireland to
help him as he appeared in court at an appeal hearing that extended
custody to Aug. 29.
2019 Jun 20, South African
President Cyril Ramaphosa delivered his first state-of-the-nation
address since the ruling ANC party won elections in May.
2019 Jun 20, South Sudanese
lawmakers stormed out of a budget presentation by the finance
minister, with one citing frustrations over non-payment of salaries
to civil servants and soldiers.
2019 Jun 20, In Syria 16 people
were killed including at least two ambulance workers, several other
civilians and children, in government airstrikes in the last rebel
stronghold in Idlib province. The Syrian Observatory for Human
Rights said clashes between regime forces and jihadist-led fighters
killed 130 combatants since June 18.
(AP, 6/20/19)(AFP, 6/20/19)
2019 Jun 20, A strike by flight
attendants at EVA Air, Taiwan's second-largest airline, left
thousands of passengers scrambling for alternative transport.
2019 Jun 20, Turkey launched a
second drillship that will drill for gas off neighboring Cyprus'
east coast despite European Union warnings to refrain from such
illegal actions or face sanctions.
2019 Jun 20, A Turkish court
has sentenced 128 people accused of being among the ringleaders to
life terms in prison for their roles in the July 15, 2016 coup
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