Today in History - July 22

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259        Jul 22,  Dionysius was raised to the office of Bishop of Rome.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Dionysius)

1298        Jul 22, King Edward I combined bowmen and cavalry to defeat William Wallace's Scots at Falkirk.
    (HN, 7/22/98)

1306        Jul 22, King Phillip the Fair ordered the expulsion of Jews from France. They returned to Montpellier in 1319, having been recalled by King Sancho, who protected them in 1320 against the fury of the Pastoureaux.
    (www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/judaism/history/expulsionfromfrance.shtml)

1376        Jul 22, The rats were piped out of Hamelin, Germany.
    (HFA, '96, p.34)

1387        Jul 22, French Ackerman (c57), Ghent rebel, leader of Reisers, was murdered.
    (MC, 7/22/02)

1456        Jul 22, At the Battle at Nandorfehervar (Belgrade), the Hungarian army under prince Janos Hunyadi beat sultan Murad II. The siege of Belgrade had fallen into stalemate when a spontaneous fight broke out between a rabble of Crusaders, led by the Benedictine monk John of Capistrano, and the city's Ottoman besiegers. The melee soon escalated into a major battle, during which the Hungarian commander, Janos Hunyadi, led a sudden assault that overran the Turkish camp, ultimately compelling the wounded Sultan Mehmet II to lift the siege and retreat.
    (MC, 7/22/02)(PC, 1992, p.150)(HNPD, 7/23/98)

1497        Jul 22, Francesco Botticini (c52), Italian painter, died.
    (MC, 7/22/02)

1515        Jul 22, Emperor Maximillian and Vladislav of Bohemia forged an alliance between the Habsburg [Austria] and Jagiello [Polish-Lithuanian] dynasties in Vienna.
    (HN, 7/22/98)

1587        Jul 22, A second English colony of 114-150 people under John White, financed by Sir Walter Raleigh, was established on Roanoke Island off North Carolina. The colony included 17 women and 9 children. Croatoan Indians informed them that Roanoke Indians had killed the men from the previous expedition. A three-year draught, the worst in 800 years, peaked during this time.
    (AP, 7/22/97)(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A3)(SFEM, 11/15/98, p.23)(ON, 10/01, p.1)

1620        Jul 22, The Pilgrims set out from Holland destined for the New World. The Speedwell sailed to England from the Netherlands with members of the English Separatist congregation that had been living in Leiden, Holland. Joining the larger Mayflower at Southampton, the two ships set sail together in August, but the Speedwell soon proved unseaworthy and was abandoned at Plymouth, England. The entire company then crowded aboard the Mayflower, setting sail for North America on September 16, 1620.
    (HNQ, 3/4/00)(MC, 7/22/02)

1648        Jul 22, Some 10,000 Jews of Polannoe were murdered in a massacre led by Cossack Bogdan Chmielnicki (55).
    (PC, 1992, p.241)(MC, 7/22/02)

1652        Jul 22, Prince Conde's rebels narrowly defeated Chief Minister Mazarin's loyalist forces at St. Martin, near Paris.
    (HN, 7/22/98)

1789        Jul 22, Thomas Jefferson became the first head of the U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs.
    (HN, 7/22/98)

1795        Jul 22, Spain signed the Peace of Basel, a treaty with France ending the War of the Pyrenees. The treaty ceded Santo Domingo to France.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peace_of_Basel)

1796        Jul 22, Cleveland, Ohio, was founded by Gen. Moses Cleaveland. Moses Cleaveland came to where the city of Cleveland now sits and surveyed the land. After three months he returned to Connecticut. The city bears his name.
    (SFC, 6/2/96, T10)(AP, 7/22/97)

1798        Jul 22, Napoleon captured Cairo, Egypt.
    (PC, 1992, p.354)

1812        Jul 22, English troops under the Duke of Wellington defeated the French at the Battle of Salamanca in Spain.
    (AP, 7/22/97)(HN, 7/22/98)

1814        Jul 22, Five Indian tribes in Ohio made peace with the United States and declared war on Britain.
    (HN, 7/22/98)

1822        Jul 22, Gregor Johann Mendel (d.1884), Austrian botanist who developed the theory of heredity, was born.
    (HN, 7/22/98)(NH, 6/01, p.30)

1826        Jul 22, Giuseppe Piazzi (80), monk, mathematician (found 1st asteroid, 1801), died.
    (MC, 7/22/02)

1832        Jul 22, Napoleon FKJ Bonaparte (21), [l'Aiglon], king of Rome, died.
    (MC, 7/22/02)

1844        Jul 22, William Archibald Spooner, Anglican clergyman whose slips of the tongue caused words and syllables to be transposed and gave rise to the term "spoonerisms," was born in London.
    (AP, 7/22/02)

1849        Jul 22, Emma Lazarus, American poet, was born of Sephardic Jewish parents in NYC. Her poem, "The New Colossus," is inscribed on the base of the Statue of Liberty.
    (HN, 7/22/98)(SFEC, 4/30/00, BR p.2)

1864        Jul 22, The Battle of Atlanta reached its peak when Confederate General John Bell Hood launched an all-out attack on Union General William T. Sherman's Army. Union General James McPherson was killed repulsing a Confederate attack. The Federal officer who sent his men naked against the enemy was Colonel James P. Brownlow of the 1st (Union) Tennessee Cavalry. Confederate casualties numbered 8449, 3641 US. In the mid-1880s a team of German artists in Milwaukee made a cyclorama of the battle to celebrate northern heroism. The six-ton work was then displayed in the south with its meaning reversed and uniforms recolored before being donated to the city of Atlanta. In 2017 it was leased from the city, restored and displayed in a bespoke rotunda with explanations of its past and the battle.
    (HN, 7/22/98)(Econ, 4/29/17, p.22)

1881        Jul 22, Margery Williams Bianco, author (The Velveteen Rabbit), was born.
    (HN, 7/22/02)
1881        Jul 22, The first volume of "The War of the Rebellion," a compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, was published.
    (HN, 7/22/99)

1882        Jul 22,    Edward Hopper (d.1967), American artist (Nighthawks), was born in Nyack, N.Y.
    (www.fact-index.com)

1887        Jul 22, Gustav Hertz, German physicist, was born.
    (HN, 7/22/02)

1888        Jul 22, Selman Abraham Waksman, biochemist, was born.
    (HN, 7/22/02)

1890        Jul 22, Rose Kennedy, mother of President John F. Kennedy and senators Robert and Edward Kennedy, was born.
    (HN, 7/22/98)

1892        Jul 22, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian chancellor, Nazi war criminal, was born.
    (MC, 7/22/02)

1893        Jul 22, Karl Menninger, psychiatrist and founder of the Menninger Foundation for studies mental health problems, was born.
    (HN, 7/22/98)
1893        Jul 22, Katherine Lee Bates (1819-1910), Wellesley professor, wrote the words to the song "America the Beautiful," while atop Pike’s Peak during a trip to Colorado. It appeared in print on July 4, 1895. In 1904 Clarence Barbour adapted it to the melody of Samuel Ward’s “Materna” (1890). Bates’ final version was completed in 1911.
    (WSJ, 9/28/01, p.W13)(SSFC, 10/21/01, Par p.8)(AH, 10/04, p.26)

1894        Jul 22, The first major automobile race with prizes and a promoter was organized as a reliability trial by Le Petit Journal of Paris. It took place on the 78-mile route between Paris and Rouen, France [see Aug 30, 1867]. Only 21 vehicles qualified for the race. The internal combustion engine was the clear winner.
    (http://wapedia.mobi/en/Auto_racing)(Econ, 8/12/17, p.7)(http://tinyurl.com/ycbvsah)

1898        Jul 22, Stephen Vincent Benet, poet and short-story writer, author of John Brown's Body, was born.
    (HN, 7/22/98)
1898        Jul 22,    Alexander Calder (d.1976), American artist. He is considered the inventor of the mobile as a sculpture. In 1998 Marla Prather, Alexander Rower and Arnauld Pierre published the Calder retrospective: "Alexander Calder."
    (SFEM, 11/30/97, p.10)(HN, 7/22/02)

1905        Jul 22, Boris Alexandrov, conductor (Red Army Song/Dance Ensemble), was born.
    (MC, 7/22/02)

1908        Jul 22,     Amy Vanderbilt (d.1974), American journalist, etiquette expert was born in New York City. "One face to the world, another at home makes for misery."
    (AP, 5/12/97)(AP, 7/22/08)

1913        Jul 22, Licia Albanese, operatic soprano (NY Met Opera), was born in Bari, Italy.
    (MC, 7/22/02)

1916        Jul 22, In San Francisco some 50,000 people marched in a Preparedness Day parade sponsored by business leaders and opposed by labor. A bomb went off on Market St. at Steuart during the parade. 10 people were killed including George E. Lawlor and Arthur Nelson. The bomb was set by a professed anarchist. Labor leader Tom Mooney was convicted, but it turned out that the evidence was fabricated. In 1918 Mooney’s death sentence was commuted to life in prison by Gov. William Stephens. In 1930 Gov. Clement Young denied a pardon for Mooney. Labor activist Warren K. Billings was also convicted and sentenced to life in prison. Mooney was pardoned in 1939 by Democratic Governor Culbert Olson. Billings served 23 years in prison before being pardoned by Gov. Olson.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Mooney)(AP, 7/22/97)(SFEC, 12/26/99, p.W5)(SFC, 9/22/01, p.A3)(OAH, 2/05, p.A10)(SFC, 7/8/05, p.F6)(SSFC, 4/27/08, DB p.58)(SSFC, 12/18/11, DB p.42)(SFC, 5/17/14, p.C3)(SSFC, 10/29/17, DB p.54)

1917        Jul 22, British bombed German lines at Ypres with 4,250,000 grenades.
    (MC, 7/22/02)

1918        Jul 22, Florine Stettheimer painted "Heat," wherein she captured the relations between mothers and daughters with deft satire. The date is on the birthday cake in the painting.
    (WSJ, 7/18/95, p.A-12)

1923        Jul 22, Robert Dole, U.S. Senator from Kansas (1969-95), was born. In 1996 he was a Republican candidate for president of the United States.
    (HN, 7/22/98)

1932        Jul 22, Megan Terry, playwright (Calm Down Mother, Goona Goona), was born.
    (HN, 7/22/02)
1932            Jul 22, Florenz Ziegfeld (b.1869), US theatre producer (Ziegfeld Follies), died. In 2008 Ethan Mordden authored “Ziegfeld: The Man Who Invented Show Business.”
        (http://www.ibdb.com/person.asp?ID=5539)(WSJ, 11/14/08, p.W10)

1933        Jul 22, American aviator Wiley Post completed the first solo flight around the world as he returned to New York's Floyd Bennett Field after traveling for 7 days, 18 and 3/4 hours. 
    (AP, 7/22/08)

1934        Jul 22, John Dillinger (b.1903) was shot to death by federal agents outside Chicago’s Biograph Theater. FBI agent Murray Faulkner, brother of William Faulkner, helped in the killing. In 1924 Dillinger was sent to the Indiana State Reformatory for holding up a grocer, and was later transferred to the Michigan City, Indiana, State Prison, where he hatched a plan for a mass breakout with a group of other infamous convicts. When Dillinger was paroled in 1933, he robbed several banks to provide money for his friends’ escape. He was caught in Ohio, but by then his friends had escaped and they helped him break out. Dillinger’s supposed death remains mysterious. Anna Sage, the "Lady in Red," had agreed to deliver Dillinger to the FBI if they would stop deportation proceedings against her. The setup went as planned, and the FBI shot the man with Anna Sage. Dillinger was famous for the size of his penis, which was "reportedly" severed and shown at exclusive viewings.
    (AP, 7/22/97)(SFC, 12/26/97, p.C22)(HNPD, 7/22/98)(HN, 7/22/99)

1936        Jul 22, Tom Robbins, novelist (Another Roadside Attraction, Even Cowgirls Get the Blues), was born.
    (HN, 7/22/02)

1937        Jul 22, The Senate rejected President Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court.
    (AP, 7/22/97)
1937        Jul 22, Irish premier Eamon de Valera won elections. Valera served as prime minister of Ireland until 1948. he served again from 1951-1954, and again from 1957-1959.
    (MC, 7/22/02)(ON, 9/04, p.7)

1938        Jul 22, The Third Reich issued special identity cards for Jewish Germans.
    (HN, 7/22/98)

1941        Jul 22, George Clinton, American musician and the principal architect of P-Funk was born in North Carolina. He was the mastermind of the bands Parliament and Funkadelic during the 1970s and early 1980s.
    (www.last.fm/music/George+Clinton)

1942        Jul 22, Gasoline rationing involving the use of coupons began along the Atlantic seaboard.
    (AP, 7/22/99)
1942        Jul 22, The Americans approved Operation Torch, the British alternative to an invasion of Europe. The design of Operation Torch was to secure all of North Africa for the Allies. In 2002 Rick Atkinson authored "An Army At Dawn," an account of Operation Torch.
    (HN, 2/26/98)(WSJ, 11/19/02, p.D6)
1942            Jul 22, Nazi’s began their transport of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto to the death at Treblinka.
    (www.jewishgen.org/ForgottenCamps/Camps/TreblinkaEng.html)

1943        Jul 22, The American Seventh Army forces led by Gen. George S. Patton captured Palermo, Sicily. Gen Patton moved his troops across Sicily through August.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1943)(WSJ, 12/8/95, p.A-14)(AP, 7/22/07)

1944        Jul 22, German SS officer Siegfried Assmuss, commander of a unit of the Ukrainian Self-Defense Legion, was killed by partisans near Chlaniow, Poland.
    (AP, 6/14/13)(http://tinyurl.com/kk5e6s3)

1946        Jul 22, Paul Schrader, screenwriter and film director (Taxi Driver), was born.
    (HN, 7/22/02)
1946        Jul 22, Jewish extremists, that included Menachem Begin and Yitzhak Shamir, blew up a wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, which housed British administrative offices. 90-92 people were killed and included Britons (28), Arabs and Jews. The admitted terrorists were members of a Zionist organization called Lehi (Lohamei Herut Israel), earlier known as the Stern Gang.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, C8)(AP, 7/22/97)(SSFC, 10/28/01, p.C5)

1953        Jul 22, The Theodore Hamm Brewing Co. of St. Paul, Minn., purchased the Rainier Brewing Co. at 1550 Bryant St., SF, for $1,809,937. The trade name had already been sold to Sick Brewery Enterprises of Seattle.
    (SFC, 7/18/03, p.E5)

1957        Jul 22, Walter "Fred" Morrison applied for a patent for a "flying toy" which became known as the Frisbee.
    (AP, 7/22/07)
1957        Jul 22, In El Segundo, Ca., 2 police officers were shot and killed after pulling over a car for running a red light. Gerald Mason (68) was arrested in 2003 following fingerprint ID from a new FBI database.
    (SFC, 1/30/03, p.A5)

1960        Jul 22, Cuba nationalized all US owned sugar factories.
    (MC, 7/22/02)

1964        Jul 22, David Spade, an American actor, comedian and television personality, was born in Birmingham, Michigan. He first became famous in the 1990s as a cast member on Saturday Night Live, and from 1997 until 2003 starred as Dennis Finch on Just Shoot Me!.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Spade) 

1966        Jul 22, B-52 bombers hit the Demilitarized Zone between North and South Vietnam for the first time.
    (HN, 7/22/98)

1967        Jul 22, Carl Sandburg (89), historian and poet (Abraham Lincoln: Prairie Years), died in North Carolina.
    (AP, 7/22/07)

1969        Jul 22, Dictator Francisco Franco appointed Prince Juan Carlos de Borbon y Borbon as official successor to the position of Head of State.
    (www.archontology.org/nations/spain/spain_1936s/franco.php)

1971        Jul 22, Salvador Allende and Alejandro Lanusse, Presidents of Chile and Argentina, signed an Arbitration Agreement formally submitting the dispute concerning the territorial and maritime boundaries between them and the title to the islands Picton, Nueva and Lennox near the extreme end of the American continent to binding arbitration under auspices of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beagle_Channel_Arbitration)(SFC, 8/27/96, p.A17)

1972        Jul 22, Eddy Merckx (b.1945)), Belgian professional cyclist, won his 4th consecutive Tour de France.
    (WSJ, 10/22/04, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1972_Tour_de_France)

1974        Jul 22, Wayne L. Morse (b.1900), US Senator from Oregon (1945-1969), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wayne_Morse)
1974        Jul 22, Only one of the 28 Greek commandos and four crew members survived a fiery crash they came in to land at Nicosia airport in the pre-dawn hours. 19 soldiers were believed to be inside the Noratlas' incinerated fuselage. The plane went down under withering volleys of friendly fire from the airport's Greek Cypriot defenders, who were fearful of an imminent landing by invading Turkish forces to take the strategically important area. In 2015 excavations located the aircraft.
    (AP, 8/6/15)

1975        Jul 22, The House of Representatives joined the Senate in voting to restore the American citizenship of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee.
    (AP, 7/22/97)(HN, 7/22/98)

1977        Jul 22, In Iowa John Schweer, a retired white police officer, was murdered. In 1978 Terry Harrington and Curtis McGhee, both black men, were wrongfully convicted and served 25 years in prison before they were freed in 2003. Both men filed suits in 2005 against prosecutors and police officers of Council Bluffs. In 2012 a jury failed to reach a verdict and a judge declared a mistrial.
    (http://tinyurl.com/9xeb75v)(SFC, 10/29/12, p.A6)(SFC, 12/15/12, p.A7)
1977        Jul 22, In China Deng Xiaoping was named vice-premier.
    (SFC, 2/20/96, p.A4)
1977        Jul 22, The Chinese painter, Pan Yu-liang (b.1895), died in Paris. The 1997 biographical film "The Painter" (La Peintre) was based on her biography by Shi Nan.
    (SFC, 8/20/97, p.A1)(www.chinadaily.com.cn/photo/2006-11/14/content_732470.htm)

1980        Jul 22, In Maryland David Theodore Belfield, a convert to Islam (Daoud Salahuddin), murdered Ali Akbar Tabatabai, a former Iranian official and critic of the government of Ayatollah Khomeini. Belfield escaped to Canada and then to Iran. In 2001 Belfield appeared in the movie "Kandahar" made in Afghanistan as an actor named Hassan Tantai.
    (SFC, 1/4/02, p.D1)(http://iona.ghandchi.com/Tabatabai.htm)

1981        Jul 22, Turkish extremist Mehmet Ali Agca was sentenced in Rome to life in prison for shooting Pope John Paul the Second. Agca was pardoned by Italy in June, 2000, and sent to Turkey, where he was scheduled to serve time for a killing that took place before the attack on the pope.
    (AP, 7/22/00)

1983        Jul 22, Samantha Smith and her parents returned home to Manchester, Maine, after completing a whirlwind tour of the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 7/22/03)
1983        Jul 22, Polish government ended 19 months of martial law. Some 100 government opponents lost their lives in the 1½ year crackdown.
    (SFC, 11/22/97, p.C2)(www.videofact.com/english/martial_law.htm)

1986        Jul 22, The US House of Representatives impeached Judge Harry E. Claiborne. He was later convicted by the Senate of tax evasion and bringing disrepute on the federal courts. He was only the fifth person in US history to be removed from office through impeachment by the US Congress, and the first since Halsted Ritter in 1936. Claiborne was sentenced to two years in prison in October, 1986, and was in prison from May 1986 to October 1987. Claiborne was allowed to begin practicing law again in Nevada in 1987, and shot himself to death in Las Vegas, Nevada, on January 19, 2004, apparently due to his health battles with cancer and Alzheimer’s disease.
    (AP, 7/22/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_E._Claiborne)

1987        Jul 22, The United States began its policy of escorting re-flagged Kuwaiti tankers up and down the Persian Gulf to protect them from possible attack by Iran.
    (AP, 7/22/97)

1988        Jul 22, Iran and Iraq said they would send their foreign ministers to New York to meet with U.N. Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar, after Iran said it would accept a U.N. cease-fire resolution.
    (AP, 7/22/98)

1989        Jul 22, Nearly 200,000 Palestinian children returned to classrooms in the West Bank after the Israeli army lifted an order that had kept their schools closed during the Palestinian uprising.
    (AP, 7/22/99)

1990        Jul 22, American Greg Lemond won his third Tour de France title.
    (AP, 7/22/00)
1990        Jul 22, Raymond Mawby (b.1922), a British ex-Conservative Party lawmaker, died. He had briefly served as a junior minister in the mid-1960s and had allegedly provided intelligence to spies working for Czechoslovakia, then a communist state, for a decade from around 1961 to 1971. In 2012 the British government said it would investigate claims that he had sold information to communist spies for a decade during the Cold War.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ray_Mawby)
1990        Jul 22, Voters in Mongolia began casting ballots in their Communist-ruled nation’s first multiparty election ever.
    (AP, 7/22/00)

1991        Jul 22, President Bush returned from a nine-day trip that included the Group of Seven summit in London.
    (AP, 7/22/01)
1991        Jul 22, Police in Milwaukee arrested serial killer Jeffrey L. Dahmer. He was murdered while in prison in 1994.
    (AP, 7/22/97)(SFC, 5/29/96, A4)
1991        Jul 22, Desiree Washington, a Miss Black America contestant, charged she'd been raped by boxer Mike Tyson in an Indianapolis hotel room 3 days earlier. Tyson was later convicted of rape and served three years in prison.
    (AP, 7/22/97)(http://boxing.about.com/od/records/a/tyson_timeline_2.htm)

1992        Jul 22, Wayne McLaren (51), model (Marlboro Man), died of lung cancer.
    (www.snopes.com/radiotv/tv/marlboro.htm)
1992        Jul 22, David Wojnarowicz (b.1954), American painter, photographer, writer, filmmaker, performance artist, and AIDS activist, died AIDS. He was prominent in the New York City art world.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Wojnarowicz)(Econ, 3/19/15, p.91)
1992        Jul 22, Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escaped from his luxury prison near Medellin. He was slain by security forces in December 1993.
    (AP, 7/22/97)

1993        Jul 22, Japanese Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa agreed to resign, following big election losses by the scandal-plagued Liberal Democrats.
    (AP, 7/22/98)

1994        Jul 22, O.J. Simpson pleaded innocent to the slaying of his ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend, Ronald Goldman.
    (AP, 7/22/99)

1995        Jul 22, Susan Smith was convicted by a jury in Union, South Carolina, of first-degree murder for drowning her two sons. She was later sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 7/22/00)
1995        Jul 22, In San Luis Obispo, 15-year-old Elyse Pahler was murdered by 3 teenagers of the death metal band called Hatred patterned after the group "Slayer." Her body was not found for 8 months until revealed by Joseph Fiorella (16), who received a 26 year to life sentence in 1997 as part of a plea bargain. Royce Casey (18) and Jacob Delashmutt still faced trial as adults. Death metal was a sub-genre of heavy metal that featured explicit lyrics dealing with murder, torture and occult practices.
    (SFC, 3/8/96, p.A15)

1996        Jul 22, Friends and families gathered on a Long Island, N.Y., beach for a tearful memorial service dedicated to the 230 victims of the crash of TWA Flight 800.
    (AP, 7/22/97)
1996        Jul 22, In Pakistan a bomb killed 9 at Lahore Int’l. airport in the Punjab province. It was the 13 bombing in the Punjab this year.
    (WSJ, 7/23/96, p.A1)

1997        Jul 22, In San Francisco, Ca., the .38 acres of the Mt. Davidson cross was auctioned off for $26,000 to a group of Armenian organizations who proposed to dedicate it as a memorial to Armenians massacred during WW I. The sale was approved in a US Court of Appeals in 2001.
    (SFC, 7/22/97, p.A1)(SFC, 1/5/00, p.A18)(SFC, 9/6/01, p.A1)
1997        Jul 22, In Michigan some 2,800 UAW workers went on strike at a GM plant in Warren.
    (SFC, 7/23/97, p.A3)
1997        Jul 22, Algerian troops killed 140 of 180 radical Islamist guerrillas in the Attatba area of Blida province in an offensive that began 10 days ago.
    (SFC, 7/23/97, p.A9)
1997        Jul 22, In Austria a campaign was started to rename all public places named after poet Ottokar Kernstock, the man who wrote the words of the "Swastika Song," the election theme of Adolph Hitler’s Nazis.
    (SFC, 7/23/97, p.A11)
1997        Jul 22, In Britain the labor party proposed a somewhat independent assembly for Wales.
    (SFC, 7/25/97, p.A10)
1997        Jul 22, From Columbia it was reported that 30,000 violent deaths per year occurred and marked the country as the world’s most violent.
    (SFC, 7/22/97, p.A8)
1997        Jul 22, In Egypt six police officers were killed in an ambush by militants near Minya.
    (SFC, 7/26/97, p.A13)
1997        Jul 22, More than 2,000 people gathered in Milan, Italy, for a memorial Mass for slain fashion designer Gianni Versace; the mourners included Princess Diana and singer-songwriter Elton John.
    (AP, 7/22/98)
1997        Jul 22, In Liberia results from the election showed Charles Taylor in the lead with about 75 of the vote.
    (SFC, 7/23/97, p.A8)
1997        Jul 22, In South Africa 5 killings in Magoda, Kwa Zulu / Natal Province, were suspected of being caused an unknown "third force," a presumed right-wing group dedicated to fomenting black-on-black violence.
    (SFC, 8/11/97, p.A7)

1998        Jul 22, President Clinton, with Republican lawmakers at his side, signed a bill designed to mold the Internal Revenue Service into a friendlier, fairer tax collector.
    (AP, 7/22/99)
1998        Jul 22, The Senate Armed Services Committee rejected, on a 9-9 vote, Daryl Jones' bid to become Air Force secretary.
    (AP, 7/22/99)
1998        Jul 22, In Bangladesh the death toll from flooding reached 103 and left some 10 million people stranded.
    (SFC, 7/22/98, p.A12)
1998        Jul 22, In China Pres. Jiang ordered the military to close down its many businesses.
    (WSJ, 7/23/98, p.A1)
1998        Jul 22, Iran conducted a successful Shahab 3 missile test with a medium-range of 800 miles.
    (SFC, 7/23/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 11/1/98, p.A23)

1999        Jul 22, Family members watched mournfully from the deck of a Navy destroyer as the ashes of John F. Kennedy Junior, his wife, Carolyn, and her sister, Lauren Bessette, were cast into the sea off Martha’s Vineyard, consigned to the depths where they died.
    (SFC, 7/22/99, p.A1)(AP, 7/22/00)
1999        Jul 22, Joie Ruth Armstrong (26), naturalist for the Yosemite Institute, was found murdered and beheaded in Yosemite National Park. Cary Stayner (38), a motel maintenance man, was sought in relation to the murder. Staynor was arrested July 24 and admitted to the February murders of Carole Sund, Juli Sund and Silvina Pelosso. In 2000 Stayner pleaded guilty to federal murder charges. As of 2008 he was still on death row at San Quentin, Ca.
    (SFC, 7/24/99, p.A1)(USAT, 7/26/99, p.1A)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cary_Stayner)
1999        Jul 22, In Waverly, Iowa, the Cedar River crested at 21 feet and flooded 65 city blocks forcing some 1500 people out of their homes.
    (SFC, 7/23/99, p.A3)
1999        Jul 22, In Maryland some 300,000 menhaden fish turned up dead at the mouth of the Pocomoke River in the Chesapeake Bay. Depleted oxygen in the water due to drought conditions was suspected. Nearly one million fish died in the tributaries of the Pocomoke.
    (SFC, 7/24/99, p.A8)(SFC, 7/31/99, p.A14)
1999        Jul 22, The WTO agreed to a job-sharing deal with New Zealand Premier Mike Moore serving as director-general for 3 years followed by Supachai Panitchpakdi of Thailand.
    (SFC, 7/23/99, p.A12)
1999        Jul 22, In Minsk, Belarus, police broke up a march by some 5,000 people against Pres. Lukashenko.
    (WSJ, 7/23/99, p.A1)
1999        Jul 22, In China the government announced a ban on the Falun Gong spiritual movement.
    (SFC, 7/23/99, p.A1)
1999        Jul 22, In Iran The Culture and Islamic Guidance Ministry moved against 3 newspapers for printing a secret letter from the Revolutionary Guards warning that their patience with "insults against the system" was running out.
    (SFC, 7/22/99, p.A13)

2000        Jul 22, G-8 talks ended in Okinawa and leaders pledged to do more to provide schooling, health care and food to the poorest nations. Pres. Clinton said the US would send $300 million in surplus farm crops to provide school lunches in the developing world. Clinton, in Japan for a Group of Eight summit, addressed US troops on Okinawa, where he said they "need to be good neighbors" with the island’s residents.
    (SFEC, 7/23/00, p.A1)(SFC, 7/24/00, p.A12)(AP, 7/22/01)
2000        Jul 22, Mack Metcalf (42) of Kentucky and his wife Virginia Metcalf Merida (46) won $34.1 million in the Powerball Lottery. They planned to split their winnings 60/40. Mack, former forklift driver for Johnson Controls, died in 2003 at age 45. Virginia, who had worked as a corrugator for Indy Honeycomb, was found dead in 2005.
    (www.lotterybuddy.com/winner00.htm)(http://tinyurl.com/d9fez)
2000        Jul 22, Christopher McCulloch (13) and Blaine Talmo Jr. (14) were bludgeoned to death on a school playground in La Crescenta, Ca. Michael Demirdjian (15) was later convicted and sentenced to 2 consecutive 25-years-to-life terms for murder by torture.
    (SFC, 10/25/06, p.B12)
2000        Jul 22, In Beijing some 100 people were rounded up in a scattered protest marking the first anniversary of the banning of Falun Gong.
    (SFEC, 7/23/00, p.B16)
2000        Jul 22, In Burundi uniformed men killed 53 men, women and children in the village of Butaganzwa, when they refused to go to a government regroupment camp.
    (SFC, 8/1/00, p.A10)
2000        Jul 22, In South Korea torrential rains in Seoul and Kyonggi caused floods and landslides and killed 9 people with 4 missing.
    (SFC, 7/24/00, p.A16)
2000        Jul 22, Mexican women staged a one-day strike, more symbolic than massive, over housework.
    (SFEC, 7/23/00, p.B16)
2000        Jul 22, In the Philippines Muslim rebels ambushed a truck carrying workers for Maranao Planters and killed 13 people, including 3 women and a 2-year-old boy. 14 were wounded.
    (SFC, 7/24/00, p.A16)

2001        Jul 22, David Duval shot a 4-under 67 to win the British Open title, his first major championship.
    (AP, 7/22/02)
2001        Jul 22, Pres. Bush and Pres. Putin agreed to link discussions of US plans for a missile defense system with the prospect of large cuts in their nuclear arsenals.
    (SFC, 7/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Jul 22, President Bush and other world leaders closed out a summit in Genoa, Italy, with a vow to wage a united attack on global poverty and disease. They failed, however, to resolve a sharp dispute over global warming.
    (AP, 7/22/02)
2001        Jul 22, In Nepal Sher Bahadur Deuba was chosen as prime minister.
    (SFC, 7/23/01, p.A9)
2001        Jul 22, In South Korea some 12,000 workers of the Korean Confederation of Trade Unions tried to march into Seoul but were blocked by riot police. Pres. Dae-jung’s corporate restructure programs had caused many layoffs.
    (SFC, 7/23/01, p.A9)
2001        Jul 22, In Macedonia ethnic Albanian rebels attacked government forces in the Tetovo area.
    (SFC, 7/23/01, p.A8)

2002        Jul 22, The Bush administration said it would not contribute to a UN program that it contends provides aid to the Chinese government to coerce women in getting abortions. $34 million was withheld under the 1985 Kemp-Kasten law.
    (SFC, 7/23/02, p.A3)
2002        Jul 22, Gov. Davis signed a bill for California air regulators to enact measures by 2009 to cut vehicle emissions of greenhouse gases believed to contribute to global warming.
    (SSFC, 7/21/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 22, North Dakota's Gov. John Hoeven was headed to Cuba to promote trade of peas, wheat and other foods to the communist island from his state. It was only the 2nd visit to Cuba by a sitting American governor in some 40 years.
    (AP, 7/22/02)
2002        Jul 22, Factory worker Alejandro Avila was charged with murder and kidnapping in the abduction and slaying of 5-year-old Samantha Runnion of Stanton, Calif.
    (AP, 7/22/03)
2002        Jul 22, The DJIA fell almost 234 points to 7,785. Nasdaq fell 3% to 1,283.
    (SFC, 7/23/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 22, At least 12 people have been killed in clashes between rival Afghan factions fighting for control of the Sheen Dend district in the western province of Herat.
    (Reuters, 7/23/02)
2002        Jul 22, In Bosnia forensic experts discovered a mass grave in the northeast that may contain up to 100 bodies of Muslims killed at the end of the country's 1992-95 war.
    (AP, 7/23/02)
2002        Jul 22, In Brazil assailants tortured and killed Bartolemeu Morais da Silva (44), a prominent activist who had been organizing land occupations by the poor in a southern Amazon state.
    (AP, 7/23/02)
2002        Jul 22, Congolese and Rwandan leaders said that they've reached an agreement to end a four-year war in Congo, a fight that has defied resolution as it drew in eight African countries and claimed more than two million lives.
    (AP, 7/22/02)
2002        Jul 22, In Northern Ireland Gerald Lawlor (19), a Catholic man, was shot to death after a night of gun attacks left two others wounded in north Belfast. The Ulster Defense Assoc. claimed responsibility. UDA attackers selected Lawlor because he was walking through a predominantly Catholic area and wearing the green-and-white shirt of Glasgow Celtic, a Scottish soccer club supported exclusively by Catholics in Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 7/22/02)(SFC, 7/23/02, p.A6)(AP, 7/26/02)
2002        Jul 22, In Indian Kashmir 4 suspected separatist rebels were killed in a shootout with troops while a policeman and a civilian were wounded in separate blasts.
    (Reuters, 7/22/02)
2002        Jul 22, Israeli troops killed 2 Islamic Jihad members in a clash near the Gush Katif settlement.
    (SFC, 7/23/02, p.A10)
2002        Jul 22, Morocco and Spain, prodded by the US, agreed to leave Perejil Island empty and free of symbols of sovereignty and planned for future talks on the issue.
    (SFC, 7/23/02, p.A8)
2002        Jul 22, Ahmed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz (43), the genial Saudi prince who dominated racing the last two years with Kentucky Derby winner War Emblem and 2001 horse of the year Point Given, died.
    (AP, 7/23/02)
2002        Jul 22-24, Flooding in southeastern Venezuela killed 5 people and left as many as 50,000 homeless in Apure state.
    (AP, 7/23/02)(SFC, 7/25/02, p.A12)

2003        Jul 22, Months after her prisoner-of-war ordeal, Pvt. 1st Class Jessica Lynch returned home to a hero's welcome in Elizabeth, W.Va.
    (AP, 7/22/04)
2003        Jul 22, Saddam Hussein's sons Odai and Qusai were killed in a fiery battle at a Mosul mansion. Sheik Nawaf al-Zaydan Muhhamad informed US troops of their presence in his home and became $30 million richer.
    (AP, 7/23/03)(AP, 7/24/03)
2003        Jul 22, Italy's state TV chief said she will resign as soon as Premier Silvio Berlusconi's governing coalition passes a law opponents say will grant the business mogul even greater control over Italian media.
    (AP, 7/23/03)
2003        Jul 22, In Paris an electrical fire broke out near the top of the Eiffel Tower, forcing thousands of alarmed visitors to evacuate.
    (AP, 7/23/03)   
2003        Jul 22, In Indian-held Kashmir 3 suspected Islamic guerrillas attacked an army camp, killing at least 8 soldiers and wounding more than a dozen others before being slain.
    (AP, 7/22/03)

2004        Jul 22, The September 11 commission issued a report saying America's leaders failed to grasp the gravity of terrorist threats before the devastating attacks of 9/11, but stopping short of blaming President Bush and former President Clinton.
    (SFC, 7/23/04, p.A1)(AP, 7/22/05)
2004        Jul 22, The Army Inspector General's office released a report on abuses by U.S. troops in Iraq and Afghanistan which found 94 cases of confirmed or alleged abuse and 39 deaths.
    (AP, 7/22/05)
2004        Jul 22, The U.S. House of Representatives gave final approval to a new free trade agreement with Morocco.
    (Reuters, 7/22/04)
2004        Jul 22, Adolph Coors and Molson confirmed that they planned to merge their family-controlled breweries.
    (SFC, 7/23/04, p.C2)
2004        Jul 22, The USS John F. Kennedy aircraft carrier collided with a dhow in the Arabian Gulf while running night flights in support of U.S. operations in Iraq. The crew of the small boat was missing.
    (AP, 7/23/04)
2004        Jul 22, Illinois Jacquet (81), jazz luminary known for his big sound on the tenor sax, died in NYC.
    (WSJ, 7/26/04, p.A1)
2004        Jul 22, The Cuban government released political prisoner Martha Beatriz Roque from a hospital where she was serving a 20-year sentence. She is the seventh and best-known person let out of jail in three months.
    (AP, 7/23/04)
2004        Jul 22, French crooner Sacha Distel (71), whose seductive good looks won him legions of female fans around the world, died.
    (AP, 7/22/04)
2004        Jul 22, A court in Dusseldorf, Germany, acquitted all 6 defendants in the 6-month Mannesmann trial. They were accused of committing a breach of trust relating to bonuses paid to CEO Klaus Esser and other executives following the 2000 sale of Mannesmann to Vodafone.
    (Econ, 7/24/04, p.60)
2004        Jul 22, It was reported that over 200 doctors had been kidnapped in Iraq since the end of the war and that an estimated 10-30 kidnappings take place every day, mostly in Baghdad.
    (WSJ, 7/22/04, p.A1)
2004        Jul 22, In a Gaza City 2 Palestinians were killed when their car exploded. The Israeli attack was aimed at a man involved in the slaying of six Israeli soldiers on May 11.
    (AP, 7/23/04)(SFC, 7/24/04, p.A14)
2004        Jul 22, In northwestern Turkey a new high-speed passenger train derailed killing 37 people and injuring 81 others.
    (AP, 7/23/04)(AP, 7/22/05)

2005        Jul 22, In Irving, Texas, Kimberly-Clark Corp., maker of Kleenex tissues and Huggies diapers, said it plans to cut about 6,000 jobs and sell or close up to 20 manufacturing plants.
    (AP, 7/22/05)
2005        Jul 22, Researchers estimated that deaths of North Atlantic right whales may be underreported by as much as 83 percent annually. At least eight whales have died in the last 16 months, and only 350 of the animals are believed to exist.
    (AP, 7/23/05)
2005        Jul 22, George Wallace (88), stage and screen actor, died in Los Angeles. He played Commando Cody in the 1952 film serial “Radar Men from the Moon.”
    (SFC, 7/28/05, p.B7)
2005        Jul 22, In London a man, who appeared to be South Asian, was slain by officers at the Stockwell subway station. Police said the man was challenged and refused to obey instructions. The next day police identified the man as Jean Charles de Menezes, a Brazilian electrician, and said he was not related the bombings and expressed regret for his death. Menezes was shot in the head 7 times. In 2009 the Metropolitan police agreed to a compensation deal with the family of de Menezes. On March 30 a European court ruled that British authorities were right not to prosecute police over the killing of Menezes.
    (AP, 7/22/05)(AP, 7/23/05)(Econ, 7/22/06, p.18)(AFP, 11/23/09)(SFC, 3/31/16, p.A2)
2005        Jul 22, In Germany a pilot died when his ultralight plane crashed near the German parliament. He was questioned over the disappearance of his wife and expressed "suicidal intentions" before the flight.
    (AP, 7/23/05)
2005        Jul 22, Insurgents targeted two Iraqi police patrols in Baghdad, leaving at least five people dead.
    (AP, 7/22/05)
2005        Jul 22, The Italian government approved a package of anti-terrorism measures that allow authorities to take DNA samples from suspects and jail those who provide explosives training.
    (AP, 7/22/05)
2005        Jul 22, Japan's Parliament approved legislation authorizing the defense chief to shoot down missiles without permission from the prime minister or Cabinet, boosting a missile defense system Japan is working on with the United States.
    (AP, 7/22/05)
2005        Jul 22, In Kashmir separatist militants fighting Indian rule in the country's only Muslim-majority state said they would not allow minority Hindus who fled the region after the revolt broke out 16 years ago to return.
    (AP, 7/22/05)
2005        Jul 22, In Lebanon a bomb exploded on a narrow street crowded with bars and restaurants, wounding 12 people just hours after US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited the area.
    (AP, 7/23/05)
2005        Jul 22, Mexican authorities raided a kidnapping ring that filmed its victims being held inside a cage and beaten. An abducted businessman was freed and five people were arrested. The gang operated in Mexico City and outlying areas in Puebla and Mexico State.
    (AP, 7/23/05)
2005        Jul 22, Former Myanmar PM Khin Nyunt received a 44-year suspended sentence after being convicted on eight charges including bribery and corruption.
    (AP, 7/22/05)
2005        Jul 22, North Korea offered to abandon its nuclear weapons if the two sides in the Korean War sign a peace agreement to replace the 1953 cease-fire that halted hostilities but did not resolve the conflict.
    (AP, 7/22/05)
2005        Jul 22, In Pakistan more than 2,000 supporters of a coalition of radical Muslim groups rallied in Islamabad to condemn a crackdown on Islamic militants that has netted more than 200 suspects.
    (AP, 7/22/05)
2005        Jul 22, Assailants killed five tribal elders who had helped Pakistan's army hunt for al-Qaida-linked militants in a remote, lawless region near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 7/22/05)
2005        Jul 22, Truck drivers in Puerto Rico ended a three-day strike that paralyzed gasoline deliveries.
    (AP, 7/22/05)
2005        Jul 22, Spain banned lighting fires in open spaces nationwide until November. This was Spain’s worst drought since 1947. Spaniards will no longer allowed to smoke as they take a Sunday stroll in the woods, under new government rules aimed at curbing the risk of fires such as a recent one in which 11 firefighters died in Guadalajara.
    (Reuters, 7/25/05)(Econ, 7/23/05, p.47)
2005        Jul 22, Taiwan will allow computer maker Lenovo Ltd. to become the first mainland Chinese company to establish a subsidiary on the island in a significant step forward in commercial ties between the two rivals.
    (AP, 7/22/05)
2005        Jul 22, At a meeting of Andean presidents Pres. Chavez proposed Petroandina, under which oil-producing countries would cooperate on pipelines and refining.
    (Econ, 7/30/05, p.33)
2005        Jul 22, Seniat, Venezuela’s tax authority, presented Harvest Natural Resources with an $85 million retroactive income tax bill. Royal Dutch Shell received a bill a week earlier and was seeking talks on its bill.
    (WSJ, 7/25/05, p.A13)

2006        Jul 22, President Bush in Texas conferred with PM Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey about how to help the Lebanese people caught up in the conflict between Israel and Hizbollah.
    (AP, 7/22/06)
2006        Jul 22, Some 3,000 people gathered at the Stardust Hotel in Las Vegas for the annual Lifestyles conference, a five-day, $700-per-couple event that offers a mix of seminars, socializing and sex.
    (Reuters, 7/22/06)
2006        Jul 22, Former Spokane, Wa., Mayor James E. West (55), ousted by a sex scandal in 2005, died of complications from recent cancer surgery.
    (SSFC, 7/23/06, p.B6)
2006        Jul 22, Tamika Mack Norton (31), the wife of Quincy Norton Sr. (32), was stabbed to death at her home in Daly City, Ca. Norton was arrested a month later and charged with her murder. In 2008 he was convicted of murder after his sons testified against him, but the conviction was overturned on the grounds that his defense attorney was incompetent. In 2009 a new trial date was set. In 2010 Norton was again convicted of 1st degree murder and faced 26 years to life in prison.
    (SFC, 4/22/08, p.B2)(SFC, 5/16/08, p.B5)(SFC, 9/23/09, p.D2)(SFC, 10/8/10, p.C5)
2006        Jul 22, In Afghanistan coalition forces killed 13 Taliban over the last 48 hours in the district of Garmser in Helmand province. 2 suicide blasts struck in Kandahar. A suicide car bomb ripped into a Canadian patrol and killed two soldiers and wounded eight others. Ten Afghans were wounded. About an hour later an attacker blew himself up among a crowd of people who had assembled about 100 meters (yards) from the site of the first explosion. Four Afghan passers-by were killed.
    (AP, 7/22/06)(AFP, 7/23/06)
2006        Jul 22, In Preston, England, Shezan Umarji (20), a bank worker and business student, was stabbed in the brawl between around 50 white and South Asian youths. Days later 3 men, one aged 17 and two aged 19, were "jointly charged with murder and violent disorder."
    (AFP, 7/25/06)
2006        Jul 22, A magnitude-5.1 earthquake hit southwestern China, killing at least 19 people.
    (AFP, 7/22/06)
2006        Jul 22, East Timor's newly installed PM Jose Ramos-Horta offered a weapons amnesty to prevent a repeat of communal clashes which left 21 dead two months ago.
    (AFP, 7/22/06)
2006        Jul 22, Ethiopian troops sent to bolster Somalia's weak government against a powerful Islamic militia moved into a second Somali town and seized a strategic airport.
    (AP, 7/22/06)
2006        Jul 22, In Haiti a new rash of kidnappings has raised fears that well-armed, politically aligned street gangs are seeking to destabilize the new government, threatening UN-led efforts to restore security 2 1/2 years after a crippling revolt. At least 30 people have been kidnapped so far in July, about the same number for all of June.
    (AP, 7/22/06)
2006        Jul 22, Iraq's parliament speaker Mahmud Mashhadani bitterly criticized US forces in Iraq, accusing them of "butchery" and demanded that they pull out of the country. 7 Shiite workers were gunned down in a religiously mixed area of west Baghdad, and explosions in the heart of the capital shattered a one-day calm after a ban on private vehicles expired. 3 people were killed and 5 injured in a bombing and shooting in the market in Baqouba. At least 6 more people died in attacks elsewhere across Iraq. US and Iraqi troops battled Mahdi fighters in Musayyib, 40 miles south of Baghdad in a three-hour gunbattle that killed 15 extremists and one Iraqi soldier. 2 US soldiers were killed in Baghdad, one from a roadside bomb, the other from small arms fire.
    (AP, 7/22/06)(AP, 7/23/06)(SSFC, 7/23/06, p.A8)
2006        Jul 22, Israeli tanks and hundreds of troops moved in and out of Lebanon, taking over Maroun al-Ras village, entering a UN observation post and engaging Hezbollah militants by land, sea and air. Israeli warplanes blasted communications and television transmission towers in central and northern Lebanese mountains. Over 130 rockets struck northern Israeli, hitting Karmiel, Kiriyat Shemona, Nahariya and smaller communities such as Bet Hilel, Mayan Baruch and Mashov Am. Five Israelis were wounded. The Lebanese health ministry reported 362 deaths in Lebanon so far in the onslaught. 34 Israelis also have been killed.
    (AP, 7/22/06)(SSFC, 7/23/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 22, Japan's death toll from floods and mudslides triggered by this week's torrential rain rose to 19 as an evacuation warning was issued in the country's southwest. Heavy rains caused mudslides and flooding killed four people in southern Japan. About 100,000 people were urged to flee their homes.
    (AFP, 7/22/06)(AP, 7/23/06)
2006        Jul 22, Police said Mudassir, a top Kashmiri militant commander blamed for dozens of attacks and tourist killings, has been arrested in the Indian portion of Kashmir. He was believed to be the chief planner of Lashkar-e-Tayyaba, a Pakistan-based Islamic militant group linked to "25 incidents of grenade attacks and other violent incidents.
    (AP, 7/22/06)

2007        Jul 22, Cinematographer Laszlo Kovacs died in Beverly Hills, Calif., at age 74.
    (AP, 7/22/08)
2007        Jul 22, Afghan villagers found the body of a German aid worker kidnapped in southern Afghanistan, while a delegation of South Korean officials arrived hours before a purported evening deadline set for 23 Korean hostages. A large group of Taliban had attacked a convoy in Helmand province, and the resulting battle in the Sangin district left more than 30 militants dead and many wounded. In Zabul province Afghan police forces reported killing 14 "enemies" during a 12-hour battle, including a Taliban commander identified as Mohammad Hassan.
    (AP, 7/22/07)(AP, 7/23/07)
2007        Jul 22, Parliamentary and municipal elections were held across Cameroon, with longtime President Paul Biya's ruling party widely expected to dominate as it has for decades.
    (AP, 7/22/07)
2007        Jul 22, China’s state media said record rainfall this week triggered floods, landslides and mud flows had killed 152 people and forced the evacuation of hundreds of thousands.
    (AP, 7/22/07)
2007        Jul 22, Egyptian police shot and killed a Sudanese woman (28) and seriously wounded four others on the Sinai Peninsula as they tried to sneak into Israel. They were among 27 Darfur refugees caught by border guards in the desert after paying 700 dollars (500 euros) to a Bedouin smuggler.
    (AP, 7/22/07)(AFP, 7/24/07)
2007        Jul 22, A bus carrying Polish pilgrims from a holy site in the French Alps plunged off a steep mountain road, crashed into a river bed and burst into flames, killing 26 people.
    (AFP, 7/22/07)
2007        Jul 22, Indian police killed Shiv Kumar (Dadua), one of the country's most notorious bandits. He had ruled the ravines and forests of central India through a mixture of fear and love for three decades, with many hailing him as a modern-day Robin Hood.
    (AP, 7/22/07)
2007        Jul 22, Army Maj. Gen. Benjamin Mixon, the commander of US forces in northern Iraq, said he has proposed reducing his troop levels and shifting next year to missions focused less on direct combat. A senior officer working with the Interior Ministry was shot to death as he was driving his car in northeastern Baghdad. An Iraqi interpreter working for Americans in Kut, was killed by gunmen. A suicide bomber attacked a checkpoint in a village north of Baghdad killing at least 3 people. A bomb on a motorcycle in central Baghdad killed 2 people and wounded 15. US troops in eastern Iraq detained two suspected weapons smugglers who may be linked to Iran's elite Quds force. In Iraq a roadside bomb killed another US soldier.
    (AP, 7/22/07)(AP, 7/23/07)(SFC, 7/23/07, p.A16)
2007        Jul 22, Israeli troops operating in the northern Gaza Strip shot and killed two Hamas gunmen. An Israeli airstrike killed two Palestinian militants in the northern Gaza Strip after they fired rockets at a nearby Israeli town.
    (AP, 7/22/07)(AP, 7/23/07)
2007        Jul 22, In northern Lebanon 3 Lebanese soldiers were killed in sporadic fighting with al-Qaida-inspired Islamic militants barricaded in a Palestinian refugee camp.
    (AP, 7/23/07)
2007        Jul 22, Niger's PM Seyni Oumarou and military chiefs met neighboring Algeria's President Abdelaziz Bouteflika to discuss cross-border cooperation against Tuareg-led rebels in Niger's desert north.
    (AP, 7/22/07)
2007        Jul 22, Islamic militants detonated bombs close to military convoys and attacked government positions in Pakistan's restive northwestern tribal region, sparking gunfights that left 19 insurgents dead. A 45-member delegation of tribal elders was in North Waziristan on a government-backed mission to try to salvage the peace accord.
    (AP, 7/22/07)
2007        Jul 22, The death toll from Romania's heat wave rose to 15 after 6 more people died as temperatures hovered around 40 degrees Celsius (104 Fahrenheit).
    (AP, 7/22/07)
2007        Jul 22, Turks voted for a new Parliament in a contest viewed as pivotal in determining the balance between Islam and secularism in this nation of more than 70 million. The Islamic-rooted ruling party won parliamentary elections by a wide margin. The Justice and Development (AK) party won 47% of the vote. AK secured 341 of 550 seats in the parliament. Deniz Baykal’s pro-secular Republican People’s Party (CHP) won 21%. Sebahat Tuncel (32) walked out of jail after she was elected to parliament along with 18 fellow members of the pro-Kurdish Democratic Society Party.
    (AP, 7/23/07)(Econ, 7/28/07, p.51)(Econ, 8/4/07, p.45)(Econ, 5/3/08, p.60)

2008        Jul 22, North Carolina-based Wachovia Corp., the 4th largest US bank, lost $8.86 billion in the 2nd quarter, and said it was slashing its dividend and cutting 6,350 jobs after losses tied to mortgages soared.
    (AP, 7/22/08)
2008        Jul 22, California reported 63,061 foreclosures during the 2nd 3 months of this year.
    (SFC, 7/23/08, p.A1)
2008        Jul 22, California Gov. Schwarzenegger signed SB685 giving state pet owners the right to set up a legally enforceable trust to care for their animals. The bill was sponsored by Senator Leland Yee (D-San Francisco/San Mateo).
    (SFC, 7/26/08, p.C1)(http://tinyurl.com/5uppps)
2008        Jul 22, Dolly was upgraded to hurricane status as it headed toward the US-Mexican border.
    (WSJ, 7/23/08, p.A1)
2008        Jul 22, Estelle Getty (b.1923), the sarcastic octogenarian Sophia on TV's "The Golden Girls," died. The diminutive stage and TV actress had spent 40 years struggling for success before landing the role of a lifetime in 1985.
    (AP, 7/22/08)(SFC, 7/23/08, p.A8)
2008        Jul 22, US-led coalition and Afghan troops for a 2nd day clashed with and called in airstrikes on Taliban militants in western Afghanistan, killing and wounding more than 25 insurgents. In Kabul a suicide bomber on foot detonated himself next to the walls of the city's historic Babur Gardens, a popular public park, wounding three civilians. In central Wardak province, US-led coalition forces killed "several militants" while hunting for a Taliban leader said to have been behind an attack that killed three American troops and their interpreter last month. Militants attacked a British patrol in Kajaki district of Helmand province. The soldier was initially wounded and later died. A civilian vehicle struck a mine in Khost province, killing four people and wounding three. The dead included a 2-year-old and a woman. In southern Helmand province, Afghan troops killed five insurgents in a clash. A policeman and two Afghan soldiers were wounded in the encounter. Gunmen killed the spokesman for the governor of Paktika province, Ghamai Khan Mohammadyar, and wounded his wife, his brother and his mother.
    (AP, 7/22/08)(AP, 7/23/08)
2008        Jul 22, Cambodia asked the UN Security Council and its Southeast Asian neighbors to intervene in resolving a military standoff over disputed border territory around an ancient temple, stepping up its rhetoric against Thailand.
    (AP, 7/22/08)
2008        Jul 22, Sheik Hassan Dahir Aweys took over the Islamist opposition Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS), which operates in exile in Eritrea.
    (AP, 7/25/08)
2008        Jul 22, India’s BJP opposition was defeated in a confidence vote and charged the ruling Congress Party-led coalition of offering bribes in exchange for abstentions in the vote.
    (WSJ, 7/23/08, p.A8)
2008        Jul 22, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki met with German Chancellor Angela Merkel for talks aimed at strengthening economic ties between the two countries.
    (AP, 7/22/08)
2008        Jul 22, In Mexico a measure took effect eliminating jail times for illegal immigrants caught in Mexico.
    (AP, 7/22/08)
2008        Jul 22, Nepal's Maoists said they would not form the Himalayan nation's first post-royal government after the defeat of their candidate for president, setting off a new political crisis.
    (AFP, 7/22/08)
2008        Jul 22, Palestinian rammed a construction truck into three cars and a bus near the Jerusalem hotel where Barack Obama is supposed to stay, injuring four people before an Israeli civilian shot and killed the attacker.
    (AP, 7/22/08)
2008        Jul 22, Spanish police dismantled the most active cell of the armed Basque separatist group ETA with the detention of nine suspected members of the group. Among those captured was Arkaitz Goikoetxea, the leader of the "Vizcaya" cell which Spanish authorities suspect was behind most of the attacks carried out by ETA since it called off a ceasefire in June 2007.
    (AFP, 7/22/08)
2008        Jul 22, The Tamil Tiger rebels announced they would observe a unilateral 10-day cease-fire as a goodwill gesture during a regional summit to be held later this month. An airstrike deep inside the rebels' de facto state killed 22 members of the Black Tigers, the group's suicide force.
    (AP, 7/22/08)

2009        Jul 22, In Lynn, Massachusetts, 6 boys, aged 7-15, used bricks to severely beat Damien Merida (30), a Guatemalan immigrant, as he slept near railroad tracks.
    (http://tinyurl.com/l6cuf3)(SFC, 9/17/09, p.A7)
2009        Jul 22, Millions of Asians turned their eyes skyward as dawn suddenly turned to darkness across the continent in the longest total solar eclipse this century will see.
    (AP, 7/22/09)
2009        Jul 22, Officials said Afghanistan was repositioning forces to the south after complaints too few are involved in major US and British offensives against the Taliban. A convoy belonging to a minor presidential candidate, former Taliban commander Mullah Salam Rocketi, was ambushed as he returned to Kabul after campaigning in northern Baghlan and one of his campaign officials was killed.
    (Reuters, 7/22/09)
2009        Jul 22, The Algerian government issued a decree effective as of August shifting the dates of the weekend to Friday and Saturday in a move viewed as a boost the North African nation's faltering economy. Algeria had observed its weekends on Thursdays and Fridays since 1976 as do a few other countries including Iran and Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 7/22/09)
2009        Jul 22, In Iraq gunmen in four cars opened fire on a convoy of buses carrying Iranian pilgrims through Iraq, killing five of them near the village of Kebasi. Some 35 others were wounded.
    (AP, 7/22/09)
2009        Jul 22, Israel’s education minister said the Israeli government will remove references to what Palestinians call the "catastrophe" of Israel's creation from textbooks for Arab schoolchildren. The reference to "al-naqba," the Arabic word catastrophe as Palestinians call their defeat and exile in the war over Israel's 1948 creation, was controversially inserted by a dovish education minister for the first time in 2007.
    (AP, 7/22/09)
2009        Jul 22, Italian authorities seized some euro200 million ($284 million) in assets and businesses owned by the 'ndrangheta crime syndicate, including the Cafe de Paris of "La Dolce Vita" movie fame. 12 other restaurants, apartments and luxury cars were also impounded in the operation.
    (AP, 7/22/09)
2009        Jul 22, Malaysia’s PM Najib Razak said a decision to expand TIA (1MDB), a regional development fund for oil-rich Terengganu state, into a federal entity was made to enable its benefits to reach a broad spectrum of Malaysians rather than to the residents of only one state. Tycoon Low Taek Jho helped set up 1MDB.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1Malaysia_Development_Berhad)(Econ, 3/5/15, p.34)(Econ, 7/23/16, p.61)
2009        Jul 22, Pakistan urged the US to share intelligence from spy flights and arm its soldiers against militants accused by Washington of plotting attacks from the Afghan border.
    (AP, 7/22/09)
2009        Jul 22, Amnesty International reported that Saudi Arabia is holding more than 3,000 people in secret detention and has used torture to extract confessions in its anti-terrorism crackdown since the Sept. 11, 2001 terror attacks.
    (AP, 7/22/09)
2009        Jul 22, Somali Islamist insurgents clashed with government forces and African Union peacekeepers, killing 3 government, 3 insurgent fighters. The renewed fighting between the radical Shebab militia and AU-backed government forces killed at least 15 civilians in Mogadishu.
    (AP, 7/23/09)(AFP, 7/24/09)
2009        Jul 22, South Africa reported that wave of protests have erupted in townships across the country over shoddy housing and public services, adding to pressure on President Jacob Zuma to deliver on promises to fight poverty.
    (AFP, 7/22/09)
2009        Jul 22, An international arbitration panel awarded the Sudanese government control over almost all major oil reserves in a disputed region of Sudan that erupted into violence last year between state forces and former southern rebels.
    (AP, 7/22/09)

2010        Jul 22, Pres. Obama signed into law a restoration of benefits for people who have been out of work for 6 months or more.
    (SFC, 7/23/10, p.A7)
2010        Jul 22, The US said it was dropping a ban on ties with Indonesia's special forces, imposed over human rights abuses in the 1990s, a move that may eventually allow combat training of the once-notorious unit.
    (Reuters, 7/22/10)
2010        Jul 22, The US Treasury Department added two companies owned by daughters of drug lord Ismael "El Mayo" Zambada to the list of sanctioned companies under the Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act. The US Embassy in Mexico City said the two women, Maria Teresa Zambada Niebla and Midiam Patricia Zambada Niebla, served as "front persons" for their father's illicit transactions. The companies named to the list are Arte y Diseno de Culiacan SA de CV and Autotransportes JYM SA de CV.
    (AP, 7/22/10)
2010        Jul 22, The US Treasury Department sanctioned three insurgent leaders, including Nasiruddin Haqqani, an emissary for the Haqqani Network (Afghanistan-Pakistan) and brother of Sirajuddin Haqqani who leads the group with his father, Jalaluddin.
    (AP, 7/24/10)
2010        Jul 22, In California a Greyhound bus crashed just outside downtown Fresno killing 6 people with 9 injured. It had struck an overturned SUV. 3 of the dead were women in the SUV. The driver (18) of the SUV was later found to have a .11% blood alcohol level.
    (SFC, 7/23/10, p.C3)(SFC, 8/4/10, p.C4)
2010        Jul 22, In southern Afghanistan a helicopter crashed killing two US service members. The Taliban claimed it shot down the craft, but NATO said it was still investigating. Several Taliban figures, including a former spokesman for the insurgents, were captured in raids by coalition and Afghan forces across the country. In Uruzgan province the Taliban shot and killed the head of the Khas Uruzgan district development council and his assistant as they were leaving a house.
    (AP, 7/22/10)(AP, 7/23/10)
2010        Jul 22, Burundi was labeled as the most corrupt country in East Africa in a survey by Transparency International. Rwanda was found to be the least corrupt among the five countries in the region.
    (AP, 7/22/10)
2010        Jul 22, In China Guangxi police uncovered a kidnapping ring during a three-month investigation and arrested seven people in coastal Fujian province. One of the suspects confessed to police the group had operated since 1989, kidnapping women and children from cities in Guangxi to sell in Fujian.
    (AP, 8/5/10)
2010        Jul 22, Egyptian security officials said smugglers who sneak consumer goods, cash and weapons into the blockaded Gaza Strip have cut hundreds of holes in an underground steel wall Egypt is building along the border to try to stop them.
    (AP, 7/22/10)
2010        Jul 22, France and Mauritania carried out a military operation against al Qaeda's North African wing, believed to be holding Michel Germaneau, a 78-year-old French hostage in the desert Sahel region.
    (Reuters, 7/23/10)
2010        Jul 22, India unveiled the prototype of a $35 basic touchscreen tablet aimed at students, which it hopes to bring into production by 2011.
    (AP, 7/23/10)
2010        Jul 22, In Iraq 2 Ugandans and a Peruvian who worked as security contractors for the US government were killed during a rocket attack on the Green Zone. In Mosul a bombing and a series of drive-by shootings killed an Iraqi army brigadier general, a Sunni cleric, two policeman, a soldier and two civilians.
    (AP, 7/23/10)
2010        Jul 22, Israeli troops shot and killed a Palestinian man entering a Jewish settlement in the West Bank, drawing a Palestinian accusation that soldiers are too quick to open fire.
    (AP, 7/23/10)
2010        Jul 22, In Italy police carried out six arrests and charged that members of the Camorra mafia won contracts to rebuild the quake-hit city of L'Aquila with the help of four bank employees.
    (AFP, 7/22/10)
2010        Jul 22, Mexican soldiers fought gunbattles overnight with gangs who forced citizens from their cars and used the vehicles to block streets in Nuevo Laredo across the border from Texas. Witnesses reported that several gunmen were killed. 8 suspected drug gang gunmen died in a battle with Mexican soldiers in the remote mountains of northern Chihuahua state. Authorities began uncovering the remains of at least 51 people in a series of pits and scattered on the ground at a suspected drug-gang dumping site near Monterrey, Nuevo Leon state.
    (AP, 7/22/10)(AP, 7/24/10)
2010        Jul 22, In the northern Philippines an American man, Albert Mitchell, and four others were found shot dead at his rented home.
    (AFP, 7/22/10)
2010        Jul 22, The UN Security Council pressed for effective actions to combat the growing threat of drug trafficking and organized crime in the west African nation of Guinea-Bissau.
    (AFP, 7/22/10)
2010        Jul 22, The UN's highest court said that Kosovo's declaration of independence from Serbia in 2008 did not break international law.
    (AP, 7/22/10)
2010        Jul 22, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez broke diplomatic relations with neighboring Colombia, accusing the close US ally of fabricating reports that Colombian rebels find safe haven inside Venezuela.
    (AP, 7/23/10)
2010        Jul 22, In southern Yemen Al-Qaida militants killed five soldiers in an ambush. Rebels in the north fought with army units and government-allied tribes killing at least 20 people in the latest series of clashes there.
    (AP, 7/22/10)

2011        Jul 22, Pres. Obama formally certified that gays will be able to serve openly in the US military in 60 days as the controversial 17-year policy of “don’t ask, don’t tell” is repealed.
    (SFC, 7/23/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 22, In NYC Mohammed Wali Zazi (55), the father of convicted terrorist Najibullah Zazi, was found guilty of charges that he destroyed evidence and lied to investigators to cover up his son’s al-Qaida sanctioned plot to attack NYC subways in 2009. On Feb 10, 2012, Wali Zazi was sentenced to 4½ years in prison.
    (SFC, 7/23/11, p.A6)(SFC, 2/11/12, p.A5)
2011        Jul 22, Temperature records tumbled on the US East Coast. Newark, New Jersey saw an air temperature of 108 degrees Fahrenheit (42 Celsius), the highest ever recorded in the city since records began there in 1931, and the hottest reported by the National Weather Service on the East Coast. Temperature in NYC hit 104.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)(SFC, 7/23/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 22, In Afghanistan the NATO said int’l. and Afghan troops battled heavily armed insurgents holed up in caves and bunkers that served as a way station for foreign fighters crossing into the country from Pakistan. The two days of fighting in Paktika province killed more than 80 militants. An eight-year-old boy kidnapped by insurgents in southern Helmand province was hanged by the militants.
    (AP, 7/22/11)(AP, 7/24/11)(SSFC, 7/24/11, p.A5)
2011        Jul 22, In Chile mine workers at Escondida, the world's most productive copper mine, went on strike. The main issue was a monthly production bonus. BHP owned a 57% share. Other major investors include Rio Tinto, Mitsubishi Corp. and International Finance Corp.
    (AP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 22, China said it had hooked its first so-called "fourth generation" nuclear reactor to the grid, a breakthrough that could eventually reduce its reliance on uranium imports.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, In China a fire on an overcrowded bus carrying flammable materials killed 41 passengers in Xinyang, Hunan province.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, In Curacao Moustapha Khalesa (20), a Dubai-born Canadian citizen, stabbed 24-year-old Kan Mei Chan of the US to death in a medical university dorm as she rushed to help a professor who Khalesa had also stabbed.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 22, Three Georgian photographers were found guilty of spying for Russia but given suspended sentences and released after a 15-minute trial.
    (AP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, In Indian-controlled Kashmir thousands hurled rocks and shouted anti-India slogans protesting in a remote village, after a woman told police she was abducted and raped by army soldiers stationed in the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, In Iraq separate bomb and gun attacks killed five policemen and wounded 17 other people in Baghdad and Baquba.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, More than Jordanian 300 youths demonstrated in Amman to condemn government "oppression" and "terrorizing" of the media, a week after several journalists were beaten up as they covered a pro-reform sit-in.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, In Libya NATO planes reportedly struck a pipe factory near the embattled oil city of Brega killing six guards.
    (AP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, UN food official Olivier De Schutter ended a five-day visit to Madagascar. He said nearly 70 percent of people living in the south of the island nation are food insecure and that the country has one of the world's highest levels of child malnutrition. He also said US and EU sanctions have led to major job losses and hurt agricultural development and urged nations to reconsider their sanctions.
    (AP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 22, Malawi authorities blocked a mass funeral for seven people killed during rioting in the northern town of Mzuzu, as troops patrolled main cities to prevent fresh unrest.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, Mexican officials said 2 police officers assigned to work with US diplomats have been killed in a drive-by shooting in Guadalupe, a suburb of Monterrey. Soldiers killed 6 gunmen who had apparently set up a highway roadblock in a rural area of Zacatecas state. Three people were also found killed in the resort city of Acapulco. A police officer who had been collecting weapons from drug gangs there was shot by assailants, who made off with at least two rifles.
    (AP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, A clash between Moroccan border guards and armed men coming from Algeria left one soldier dead.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, In Norway a powerful bomb tore open several Oslo buildings, including the prime minister's office. Police confirmed the explosion was caused by a bomb. A suspect in police custody, a blonde blue-eyed Norwegian with reported Christian fundamentalist, anti-Muslim views, was suspected in both the shootings at Utoya island and the massive explosion. Anders Behring Breivik (32), suspected in the bomb and shooting attacks that killed 77 people, including 69 on Utoya, had bought six tons of fertilizer weeks before the massacres. A manifesto he published online ranted against Muslim immigration to Europe and vowed revenge on "indigenous Europeans," whom he accused of betraying their heritage.
    (AP, 7/23/11)(AP, 7/24/11)(AP, 7/26/11)(AP, 7/30/11)
2011        Jul 22, In Pakistan authorities said a fresh wave of shootings has killed 11 people and wounded 18 in Karachi.
    (AP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, Sudanese police used tear gas in Khartoum to break up three separate protests at the lack of running water, two days after a similar demonstration in neighboring Gezira state.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 22, Tens of thousands of Syrians defied a massive security crackdown and flooded the streets of Damascus and other cities, insisting their protest movement was united and demanding the downfall of President Bashar Assad's regime. At least five people were reported killed, as security forces used batons, bullets and tear gas to disperse protesters.
    (AP, 7/22/11)(AP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 22, Shelling by Yemeni security forces killed a young girl and her mother in Taiz. Army forces fought with Islamists near Zinjibar in clashes that killed four combatants.
    (AP, 7/23/11)
2011        Jul 22, The United Nations named two Congolese army colonels who appear to be blocking an investigation of soldiers accused of mass gang-raping at least 47 women in eastern Congo, and said if the attackers are not identified the officers themselves should stand trial for the crimes committed by the troopers under their command. Col. Chuma Balumisa was commander of the operational area including the attacked villages, and Col. Bobo Kakudji was commander of overall operations in North Kivu during the New Year eve rapes.
    (AP, 7/22/11)

2012        Jul 22, It was reported that the US has begun training an elite unit of counternarcotics police in Ghana and planned similar units in Nigeria and Kenya.
    (SSFC, 7/22/12, p.A5)
2012        Jul 22, A top US official said that Washington has given $100 million in aid to Jordan to help host tens of thousands of Syrians who have fled the unrest back home and taken refuge in the kingdom.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 22, The 19th International AIDS Conference opened in Washington, DC, with the theme: "Turning the Tide." It returned to the United States for the first time since 1990, after being kept away by laws that barred people with HIV from traveling to the country.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 22, Demonstrators stormed a police department in Orange County, Calif., to protest an officer-involved shooting that left an unarmed man dead and led to a violent clash between witnesses and police. Two officers were placed on paid leave after one of them fatally shot 24-year-old Manuel Diaz a day earlier.
    (AP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 22, In rural South Texas at least 11 people died and another 12 were injured after a pickup truck loaded with passengers left the highway and crashed into trees in Goliad County.
    (AP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 22, In Afghanistan roadside bombs killed 2 NATO service members in the east and 2 more in the south. NATO said that it killed a number of insurgents with an airstrike in the Mohammad Agha district of eastern Logar province. The bodies of 5 kidnapped Afghan men, working a base joint operated by Afghan and NATO forces, were discovered in Wardak province. An Afghan policeman killed 3 civilian contractors, 2 Americans and a British citizen, working for NATO in Herat province.
    (AP, 7/22/12)(AFP, 7/23/12)(SFC, 7/23/12, p.A2)(SFC, 7/24/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 22, A British man attempting to swim the Channel died off the French coast.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 22, Cuban activist Oswaldo Paya (60) died in a car crash in La Gavina. Fellow activist, Harold Cepero Escalante, was also killed. Paya had spent decades speaking out against the communist government of Fidel and Raul Castro and became one of the most powerful voices of dissent against their half-century rule. Cuba later charged Angel Carromero, a Spanish citizen and the driver of the car, with homicide while driving a vehicle on public roads. On Dec 14 Spain's Deputy PM Soraya Saenz de Santamaria said that Carromero would be returning to Spain to complete his 4-year sentence, but did not give an exact date.
    (AP, 7/23/12)(AP, 7/31/12)(AP, 12/14/12)
2012        Jul 22, In Egypt attackers blew up a gas pipeline in the Sinai used to export fuel to Israel and Jordan, the 15th such attack since 2011.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 22, India’s former finance minister Pranab Mukherjee (76) was elected president after votes from national and state lawmakers were counted for the mainly ceremonial post.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 22, In Iraq a car bomb in the center of Najaf wounded 23 people. 17 people were killed across the country.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)(AFP, 8/1/12)
2012        Jul 22, In Madagascar new gunfire was heard from the direction of a military base near the main airport after the defense minister asserted that a mutiny had been brought under control. The leader of the renegade troops was identified as Koto Mainty, or the "Black Corporal." An officer sent in to start talks was shot and later died of his wounds. Another government soldier and the alleged leader of the mutiny were killed during a government assault.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)(AP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 22, In northern Nigeria a bomb blast killed a 10-year-old boy and wounded 10 others, in Bauchi city's Tundunwadan Dan-iya area, an area repeatedly targeted by a radical Islamist group.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 22, Pakistani fighter jets bombarded militant hideouts in different areas of Upper Orakzai tribal region, killing more than 10 people.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 22, Somalia's most powerful militant group publicly executed three of its members because they had spied on the militants for the US and British intelligence agencies.
    (AP, 7/22/12)   
2012        Jul 22, In Spain a vacationing French family of five jumped off a seaside cliff in a desperate attempt to escape a raging wildfire in Portbou, with the father and one of his children plummeting some 50 meters (165 feet) to their deaths. Two other people were also killed by the weekend fires in northeastern Spain.
    (AP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 22, Syrian forces headed by President Bashar al-Assad's brother used helicopters in a new offensive against rebels in Damascus, as clashes also raged in Aleppo. The death toll in fighting across Syria stood at 123, including 67 civilians, 22 rebels and 34 soldiers.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)(AFP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 22, Tanzania police said they have arrested 43 suspected members of an Islamist group (UAMSHO) seeking greater independence for the country's Zanzibar archipelago following a protest rally on July 20.
    (AP, 7/22/12)

2013        Jul 22, In San Diego, Ca., Irene McCormack, the former communications director for Mayor Bob Filner, filed a sexual harassment lawsuit against Filner alleging unwanted sexual advances that included demands to work without panties.
    {California, USA, Sex}
    (SFC, 7/23/13, p.A5)
2013        Jul 22, In Ohio a federal judge granted marriage rights to a same-sex couple residing in the state as one of the partners neared death. Ohio at this time did not recognize such unions. This highlighted a new front for gay rights activists seeking to expand rights for couples living in states that are unfriendly to same-sex marriage.
    (CSM, 7/24/13)(SFC, 7/24/13, p.A8)
2013        Jul 22, American TV and film actor Dennis Farina (69) died in Scottsdale, Arizona. His films included “Manhunter” (1986), “”Midnight Run” (1988), “Saving Private Ryan” (1998), “Out of Sight” (1998) and “Get Shorty” (1995). From 2004-2006 he played Detective Joe Fontana on the TV show “Law & Order.”
    (SFC, 7/23/13, p.C3)
2013        Jul 22, Afghanistan's parliament voted to dismiss Ghulam Mujtaba Patang, one of the country's top security chiefs, by impeaching the interior minister in a potential blow to stability as NATO-led international forces speed their withdrawal from the country.
    (Reuters, 7/22/13)
2013        Jul 22, Australia’s PM Kevin Rudd succeeded in changing the ruling party's regulations to make his job safer.
    (AP, 7/22/13)
2013        Jul 22, Pope Francis arrived in Rio de Janeiro to begin a weeklong visit to participate in the World Youth Day festival.
    (AP, 7/22/13)
2013        Jul 22, Kate Middleton, the Duchess of Cambridge, gave birth to a baby boy. The child is now third in line to the British throne.
    (AP, 7/22/13)
2013        Jul 22, In northwest China two earthquakes shook an arid, hilly farming area sparking landslides that destroyed or damaged thousands of brick-and-mud homes in Gansu Province. At least 95 people were killed and more than 400 injured.
    (AP, 7/22/13)(AP, 7/23/13)(SSFC, 7/28/13, p.A4)
2013        Jul 22, Congo's army said fighting has resumed between government forces and M23 rebels in the east of the country following a three-day lull.
    (AP, 7/22/13)
2013        Jul 22, Human Rights Watch reported that the M23 rebel group in eastern Congo continued to receive significant support from neighboring Rwanda despite ongoing abuses including killings, rape and forced recruitment of children.
    (AP, 7/23/13)
2013        Jul 22, In Egypt 2 civilians, 2 army officers and 2 policemen were killed in at least 10 overnight attacks in the Sinai province's northern cities of Rafah and El-Arish against police stations and security and army checkpoints.
    (Reuters, 7/22/13)
2013        Jul 22, The EU agreed to put the armed wing of Hezbollah on its terrorism blacklist, a move driven by concerns over the Lebanese militant group's roles in a bus bombing in Bulgaria and the Syrian war.
    (Reuters, 7/22/13)
2013        Jul 22, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber rammed his explosives-laden car into an army convoy in Mosul, killing at least 13 people, including 10 soldiers.
    (AP, 7/22/13)(AP, 7/24/13)
2013        Jul 22, In Jamaica Dwayne Jones (16) was beaten, stabbed, shot and run over by a car when he showed up at a street party dressed as a woman. He had confided to a friend that he was attending a "straight" party as a girl for the first time in his life.
    (AP, 8/11/13)
2013        Jul 22, Japan’s Tokyo Electric Power said its crippled Fukushima nuclear plant is probably leaking contaminated water into the sea.
    (SFC, 7/23/13, p.A2)
2013        Jul 22, In southern Mexico prosecutors in Oaxaca state, arrested Aquila police chief Adan Gonzalez for allegedly shooting Aquila Mayor Geronimo Manuel Garcia Rosas to death.
    (SFC, 7/23/13, p.A2)
2013        Jul 22, In Mexico 2 people were killed and 12 wounded in an explosion at Italian-Argentine steelmaker Ternium's Guerrero plant in Nuevo Leon state.
    (Reuters, 7/22/13)
2013        Jul 22, Mexican authorities detained 94 illegal immigrants, including 19 from the Indian subcontinent, packed into a truck bound for the US border.
    (AP, 7/23/13)
2013        Jul 22, In Pakistan 3 Spanish climbers went missing while descending Gasherbrum-1 amid hostile weather. Two members of the team reached base camp with information of the other three's deaths.
    (AP, 7/27/13)
2013        Jul 22, In Peru several thousand people gathered outside Congress to protest a Congressional decision to share among party hacks important jobs at supposedly independent bodies. Legislators swiftly backed down.
    (Econ, 8/3/13, p.31)
2013        Jul 22, Portuguese financial markets cheered the decision to allow the fragile coalition government to remain in charge, eliminating for now the prospect of snap elections and more political uncertainty.
    (AP, 7/22/13)
2013        Jul 22, Syrian rebels seized Khan al-Assal, a strategic village on the edge of the northern city of Aleppo, just hours after other opposition fighters sustained some of their heaviest losses in months in battles to the south near the capital, Damascus.
    (AP, 7/22/13)
2013        Jul 22, Ugandan armed police surrounded the home of Kizza Besigye, the leader of Uganda's protest movement, put him in a car and drove him to a secret location in the pre-dawn hours. He had planned to launch today a new wave of anti-government demonstrations across the East African country. Police placed Kampala Mayor Erias Lukwago, a fierce critic of Pres. Museveni, under temporary suspension.
    (AP, 7/22/13)(SFC, 7/26/13, p.A2)
2013        Jul 22, In Uganda a building under renovation collapsed in downtown Kampala, killing at least four people.
    (AP, 7/22/13)

2014        Jul 22, In northern California federal and state agencies launched Operation Yurok on and around Yurok reservation land in Humboldt County that had been taken over by marijuana growers.
    (SFC, 7/23/14, p.E2)
2014        Jul 22, Babar Suleman (58) and his son Haris (17) were killed when their small plane crashed shortly after leaving Pago Pago in American Samoa. They had departed Indiana on June 19 for a round the world flight to raise to break records and raise money for the Citizens Foundation, a nonprofit that builds schools in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 7/24/14, p.A8)(SFC, 7/25/14, p.A11)
2014        Jul 22, In Nevada Nathan Stoliar (64) of Australia pleaded guilty to charges in federal court for his role in a scheme to bilk a US biodiesel fuel program out of more than $41 million. Federal prosecutors said Stoliar and a Las Vegas man, James Jariv, used firms in Canada and Las Vegas to fraudulently generate millions of dollars' worth of federally-funded credits known as renewable identification numbers.
    (AP, 7/23/14)
2014        Jul 22, In Ohio Jordie Callahan (28) was convicted of enslaving a mentally disabled woman for two years along with other charges. Callahan was sentenced to 30 years in prison. Jessica Hunt (33), his convicted girlfriend, was sentenced on July 24 to 32 years in federal prison. 
    (SFC, 7/23/14, p.A7)(SFC, 7/25/14, p.A7)
2014        Jul 22, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide attacker riding a motorbike killed at least 4 guards in an area occupied by trainers from DynCorp. Int’l. in Kabul. The victims included 3 from Nepal and one from Peru.  
    (AFP, 7/22/14)(SFC, 7/23/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 22, Canada’s Public Safety Minister said twenty members of a Hungarian human trafficking ring have been deported.
    (SFC, 7/23/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 22, Cambodia's main opposition party struck a deal with strongman premier Hun Sen to end its year-long boycott of parliament triggered by a disputed election.
    (AFP, 7/22/14)
2014        Jul 22, In China the Paper, a new digital news platform, was launched as an offshoot of the Oriental Morning Post in Shanghai.
    (Econ, 12/13/14, p.46)
2014        Jul 22, In northeastern China a man tied up two bedridden patients and a mentally disabled one and used a dull razor to castrate them. A 60-year-old victim lost both his testicles while the other two victims, aged 53 and 80, lost one each. A suspect was soon detained.
    (AP, 7/24/14)
2014        Jul 22, In CongoDRC gunmen attacked a major military base in Kinshasa, but the government said the situation had been quickly brought under control. At least 4 attackers were reported killed.
    (Reuters, 7/23/14)
2014        Jul 22, The EU agreed to impose new sanctions against officials deemed responsible for Russia's actions in Ukraine, amid mounting international anger after a Malaysia Airlines plane was shot down over rebel-held territory.
    (AP, 7/22/14)
2014        Jul 22, Indonesia officials said Jakarta Gov. Joko Widodo won the country's presidential election with 53 percent of the vote. Former Gen. Prabowo Subianto, declared he was withdrawing from the contest shortly before the final numbers were released by the Election Commission, saying there was massive fraud during the election, and that it was unfair and undemocratic.
    (AP, 7/22/14)
2014        Jul 22, Iranian authorities arrested Washington Post correspondent Jason Rezaian (38) and his wife, also a journalist. Two American photographers were also arrested. In early October Yeganeh Salehi (30) was released on bail, while her husband, Washington Post correspondent Jason Rezaian, 38, remained in detention.
    (AFP, 7/26/14)(SFC, 7/26/14, p.A1)(AP, 10/6/14)
2014        Jul 22, In Iraq a suicide bombing in Baghdad killed 31 people. The Islamic State group claimed responsibility for a deadly attack on a checkpoint near a revered Shiite shrine in the heart of the capital. Deadly clashes erupted between government security forces and militants outside the city of Ramadi, Anbar province, killing 8 militants.
    (AP, 7/23/14)
2014        Jul 22, Israel bombed five mosques, a sports stadium and the home of the late Hamas military chief in the Gaza Strip. An Israeli soldier was killed in fighting in southern Gaza, raising the number of Israeli troops confirmed dead to 27. Israel’s military said Sgt. Oron Shaul is dead, but that his body is missing. He was among seven soldiers in a vehicle that was hit by an anti-tank missile in Gaza over the weekend. Hamas' claimed earlier this week that it had captured an Israeli soldier. The Gaza Health Ministry said at least 609 Palestinians have been killed in Gaza.
    (AP, 7/22/14)
2014        Jul 22, Lebanese conscript Atef Saadeddine (b.1991) defected to the Al-Qaeda-affiliated Al-Nusra Front. Gunmen who crossed from Syria "looted Lebanese army weapons" and Saadeddine fled with them back across the border.
    (AFP, 7/24/14)
2014        Jul 22, A Hamas rocket exploded near Israel's main airport, prompting a ban on flights from the US and many from Europe and Canada as aviation authorities responded to the shock of seeing a civilian jetliner shot down over Ukraine. The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) banned flights to Tel Aviv for at least 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 7/23/14)
2014        Jul 22, In Sierra Leone Sheik Umar Khan (39), the head doctor fighting the deadly tropical virus Ebola, was reported to have caught the disease. Across Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, 632 people have died from the illness according to the latest WHO report.
    (Reuters, 7/23/14)
2014        Jul 22, In Syria 6 children from the same family were killed in an air strike by government forces on Wahshiyeh village, Aleppo province. A 15-year-old was killed in an air raid on Latamneh, Hama province. A girl (7) died in army shelling near Jisr al-Shughur, Idlib province.
    (AFP, 7/23/14)
2014        Jul 22, The Western-backed National Coalition of Syrian opposition members said it had voted to force out its "interim government" and form a new one within a month.
    (Reuters, 7/22/14)
2014        Jul 22, Thailand's junta won approval from King Bhumibol Adulyadej (86) for an interim constitution mapping out year-long political reforms expected to curb the influence of fugitive ex-premier Thaksin Shinawatra. The new constitution allows the leader of the ruling junta to serve as interim prime minister. Section 44 gave the junta power to stop and suppress “any act which undermines public peace and order or national security, the monarchy, national economics or administration of state affairs.”
    (AFP, 7/22/14)(SFC, 7/24/14, p.A5)(Econ, 1/26/17, p.29)
2014        Jul 22, Turkish authorities arrested dozens of senior police officers in a criminal probe over alleged illegal wire-tapping and forgery, the latest crackdown on opponents of PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan ahead of presidential polls.
    (AFP, 7/22/14)
2014        Jul 22, Ukraine’s government said the separatists were leaving their positions on the outskirts of Donetsk and retreating towards the city center.
    (Reuters, 7/23/14)
2014        Jul 22, In Ukraine five refrigerated wagons containing 200 body bags arrived in the city of Kharkiv after pro-Russian separatists agreed to hand over the black boxes from MH17 to Malaysian authorities and the bodies to the Netherlands, where many victims had lived.
    (Reuters, 7/22/14)
2014        Jul 22, Alexander Khodakovsky, commander of the Vostok Battalion, acknowledged for the first time since MH17 airliner was brought down in eastern Ukraine that the rebels did possess the BUK missile system and said it could have been sent back subsequently to remove proof of its presence.
    (Reuters, 7/24/14)
2014        Jul 22, In Venezuela the first of thousands of squatters at the half-built “Tower of David” in Caracas were moved out by armed police and soldiers to be relocated to new government-provided apartments in Cua. The structure, named after financier David Brillembourg, was abandoned in the 1990s amid a banking crisis.
    (SFC, 7/23/14, p.A6)
2014        Jul 22, Yemeni media reported that AQAP, Yemen's al Qaeda wing, has ordered men and women in eastern Hadramout province to obey its strict interpretation of Islamic law, saying it aimed to set up an emirate in the remote area.
    (Reuters, 7/22/14)

2015        Jul 22, The Obama administration issued permits with conditions clearing the way for Royal Dutch PLC to begin limited exploratory drilling in Chukchi Sea off Alaska’s northwest coast.
    (SFC, 7/23/15, p.A5)
2015        Jul 22, Police and media reports said US and Israeli authorities have arrested four men in two separate fraud schemes and who are said to be linked to last year's massive hack of computers at JPMorgan Chase. Court documents in the stock scam say Joshua Samuel Aaron, Gery Shalon, and Ziv Orenstein gained millions of dollars in their operations to artificially pump up the prices of small stocks and cash in while other investors lost heavily. In the other case, Anthony Murgio and Yuri Lebedev allegedly used a front company and a licensed credit union to hide an operation to transfer large sums of money using the crypto-currency Bitcoin.
    (AP, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, The MacArthur Foundation, a prominent American non-governmental organization that has operated in Russia for more than two decades, announced it was leaving Russia because of the government's crackdown on foreign groups. The group, which has worked in Russia since 1992, says it has awarded more than $173 million in grants here.
    (AP, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, In the San Francisco Bay Area Hayward police Sgt. Scott Lunger (48) was shot and killed during a routine traffic stop. Suspect Mark Anthony Estrada (21) was soon arrested as he showed up at a hospital with gunshot wounds.
    (SFC, 7/23/15, p.A1)
2015        Jul 22, Researchers at the Alzheimer’s Association Int’l. Conference in Washington, DC, announced that an antibody called solanezumab appeared to slow the progress of the disease.
    (Econ, 7/25/15, p.63)
2015        Jul 22, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a market crowded with shoppers, killing at least 19 people and wounding 38 amid other Taliban assaults in Faryab province.
    (AP, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, A supporter of Burundi's opposition was shot dead, a victim of electoral violence as the country awaits results of the presidential election amid unrest due to President Pierre Nkurunziza's bid for a third term.
    (AP, 7/23/15)
2015        Jul 22, In Cameroon twin suicide bombings by two young girls killed at least 22 people in a market in Maroua. Boko Haram was blamed.
    (AP, 7/23/15)(AFP, 7/24/15)(SFC, 7/24/15, p.A6)
2015        Jul 22, Chinese artist and social critic Ai Weiwei received his passport back after it was seized by authorities in 2011 in apparent retaliation for his social and political activism.
    (SFC, 7/23/15, p.A2)
2015        Jul 22, In the Czech Rep. a high speed train hit a truck at a rail crossing in the eastern town of Studenka as it was traveling from Bohumin to the western spa of Frantiskovy Lazne. 2 people were killed and a 3rd died of injuries the next day. In 2016 a Czech court convicted a Polish truck driver of being responsible for the collision and sentenced him to 8 1/2 years in prison.
    (AP, 7/23/15)(AP, 2/24/16)
2015        Jul 22, Former Egyptian PM Ahmed Nazif, who served under ousted president Hosni Mubarak, was sentenced to five years in jail on graft charges in a retrial.
    (Reuters, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, In Egypt at least 21 people celebrating an engagement were killed on the Nile north of Cairo late today when a cargo ship hit their chartered boat. The death toll soon rose to 36.
    (AFP, 7/23/15)(AFP, 7/26/15)
2015        Jul 22, In Egypt Tomislav Salopek (30) of Croatia was captured in Cairo by Islamic State militants.
    (AP, 8/8/15)
2015        Jul 22, In Indonesia eruptions of ash at five volcanoes shrouded the skies over parts of the archipelago, forcing three airports to close.
    (AP, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, Iran said it will not accept any extension of sanctions beyond 10 years, in the latest attempt by its pragmatist government to sell a nuclear deal with world powers to skeptical hardliners.
    (AP, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, In Iraq two car bombings in a mainly Shi'ite Muslim district of Baghdad killed at least 26 people. IS militants the next day claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 7/23/15)(SFC, 7/23/15, p.A2)
2015        Jul 22, In Israel Mohammed Ahmed Alauna (21), a Palestinian man, died after he was shot by Israeli troops during a clash near the town of Jenin.
    (AP, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, Italian police seized assets worth 2 billion euros ($2.2 billion) and issued 41 arrest warrants in raids on gambling companies in Italy and abroad run by the 'Ndrangheta mafia organization.
    (Reuters, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, Italian police arrested two men suspected of supporting the Islamic State group and plotting to carry out attacks in the country.
    (AFP, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, In Japan an outside director of Mitsubishi Materials said that the company hopes to apologize to former British, Dutch and Australian World War II POWs, and also reach an amicable agreement with Chinese forced laborers, following a landmark apology to American POWs earlier this week.
    (AP, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, Kurdish militants claimed responsibility for today’s assassination of two Turkish police officers in what they said was retaliation for the July 20 suspected Islamic State suicide bombing which killed 32 mostly young students.
    (Reuters, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, Maldives’ President Yameen Abdul Gayoom appointed Ahmed Adeeb, his trusted tourism minister, as vice president. Parliament ousted his former deputy on negligence charges a day earlier.
    (AP, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, Mexican government data showed a poverty rate increase to 46.2% compared to 45.5% in 2012. This meant that 55 million of the country’s nearly 120 million people live in poverty.
    (SSFC, 7/26/15, p.A4)
2015        Jul 22, In Mexico 7 corpses, including some with signs of torture and a decapitated body, were discovered in the southern state of Guerrero. One of the dead was a member of a local Guerrero drug cartel, Reds.
    (AFP, 7/24/15)
2015        Jul 22, A court in northern Myanmar sentenced 153 Chinese nationals to life in prison after convicting them of illegal logging in a case that has already strained relations with Beijing.
    (AP, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, In Nigeria bomb blasts blamed on Boko Haram killed 37 people at bus stations in Gombe. President Muhammadu Buhari warned that the US refusal to sell his country strategic weapons is "aiding and abetting" the Islamic extremist group.
    (AP, 7/23/15)(Reuters, 7/24/15)
2015        Jul 22, Pakistan's military deployed helicopters and boats to evacuate flood victims in and around the city of Chitral in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, where monsoon rains and flash floods washed away several villages this week. So far, 3 people have died while 285,000 have been affected by the floods.
    (AP, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, Philippine authorities said that 155 foreigners, mostly Chinese, face deportation after being arrested for working in the country illegally.
    (AP, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, In Portugal lawmakers in the center-right government coalition used their majority to amend the 2007 law that granted abortion on demand up to the 10th week of pregnancy. Women seeking an abortion in Portugal will now have to pay for the procedure and attend mandatory prior counselling.
    (AP, 7/23/15)
2015        Jul 22, Federal authorities in the US territory of Puerto Rico began serving more than 100 arrest warrants on drug trafficking and weapon charges.
    (AP, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, In Belgrade leaders of former Balkan foes Serbia and Bosnia pledged to boost fragile post-war ties shaken earlier this month on the 20th anniversary of the Srebrenica massacre.
    (AP, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, Romania's Pres. Klaus Iohannis signed into law legislation that punishes Holocaust denial and the promotion of the fascist Legionnaires' Movement with prison sentences of up to three years.
    (AP, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, Ugandan rebel leader Jamil Mukulu, accused of killing hundreds of civilians, was charged in court with crimes against humanity and mass murder. Mukulu, leader of the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), was arrested in neighboring Tanzania in April, before being extradited to Uganda earlier this month.
    (AFP, 7/22/15)
2015        Jul 22, The United Arab Emirates said it is ending gas price subsidies effective Aug 1. Current prices were about $1.78 per gallon.
    (SSFC, 7/26/15, p.A4)
2015        Jul 22, In Yemen a Saudi military plane loaded with arms for fighters loyal to Yemen's deposed president landed at Aden airport, the first flight to reach the embattled port city in four months.
    (Reuters, 7/22/15)

2016         Jul 22, In southern California a fast-moving wildfire broke out and soon forced hundreds of people to flee from their homes in the drought-parched foothills northwest of Los Angeles. By July 24 it had blackened some 20,000 acres and threatened homes and commercial structures.
    (Reuters, 7/24/16)
2016        Jul 22, A Florida judge said that bitcoin is not real money. The ruling meant that no specific license is needed to buy and sell the crypto-currency.
    (AFP, 8/5/16)
2016        Jul 22, American Atheists Inc. and two Kansas City members filed suit against Kansas City, Mo., over the city’s planned use of $65,000 in tourism tax dollars to aid an upcoming Baptist convention.
    (SFC, 7/27/16, p.A6)
2016        Jul 22, In northern Indiana 14 dogs were found dead after air conditioning failed in a truck they were housed in for a dog show.
    (SFC, 7/26/16, p.A5)
2016        Jul 22, WikiLeaks released nearly 20,000 emails from a 17-month span that appeared to have been obtained by someone who hacked into the accounts of seven top Democratic Party officials.
    (SFC, 7/25/16, p.A4)
2016         Jul 22, In Afghanistan a suicide bombing on a peaceful protest in Kabul killed at least 80 people and wounded more than 200. The attack was the deadliest to hit Kabul in 15 years of civil war. The Hazaras were marching for a major regional power line to be routed through their home province.
    (AP, 7/24/16)
2016        Jul 22, The Afghan military launched a major offensive in Nangarhar province hours after a suicide bombing in Kabul that killed at least 80 people.
    (SFC, 7/27/16, p.A3)
2016        Jul 22, President Francois Hollande said France will supply weapons to Iraq to support its fight against the Islamic State group, but ruled out any troop deployment in the country.
    (AFP, 7/22/16)
2016        Jul 22, IMF chief Christine Lagarde was ordered to stand trial in France over a massive state payout to a colourful tycoon when she was French economy minister.
    (AFP, 7/22/16)
2016         Jul 22, In Germany teenager David Ali Sonboly (18) went on a shooting spree at a shopping center in Munich. He shot dead 9 people in a gun rampage before turning the gun on himself. Police later said he was "obsessed" with mass killers like Norwegian rightwing fanatic Anders Behring Breivik and had no links to the Islamic State group. Police later said he had been preparing for the shooting for a year.
    (AFP, 7/23/16)(AFP, 7/24/16)   
2016        Jul 22, The Indian air force lost contact with a transport plane carrying 29 people to islands in the Bay of Bengal.
    (AP, 7/22/16)
2016        Jul 22, Two more people died in Indian-controlled Kashmir, as anti-India protests and clashes with government forces persisted despite a strict curfew in place for a 14th straight day.
    (AP, 7/22/16)
2016        Jul 22, In Kenya a court in Mombasa convicted Feisal Mohamed Ali of possessing ivory. He had been accused of leading an ivory smuggling ring. Ali was arrested in Tanzania in December 2014 over illegal elephant tusks weighing more than 2 tons.
    (AP, 7/22/16)
2016        Jul 22, Libyan forces said they had edged further into the center of Sirte as they sought to recapture the city from Islamic State, following heavy fighting until late the previous evening that left dozens dead.
    (Reuters, 7/22/16)
2016        Jul 22, A Dutch court convicted four men in absentia for travelling to Syria to join extremists, including the Islamic State group, and sentenced them to six years in prison. All four suspects were believed to be in Syria, where some 260 Dutch citizens have gone to fight in recent years.
    (AP, 7/22/16)
2016        Jul 22, Pakistan's PM Nawaz Sharif pledged an "era of development" in Pakistan-controlled Kashmir after his party won 31 of 41 seats in the local legislative assembly. Sharif urged a crowd of supporters in Muzaffarabad, the capital of Pakistan-held Kashmir, not to forget the sacrifices of people living in the Indian-controlled side.
    (AP, 7/22/16)
2016        Jul 22, It was reported that days of heavy snowfall in Peru have killed some 50,000 alpacas. Sheep were also reported dying in large numbers in the high Andean plateaus.
    (SFC, 7/22/16, p.A2)
2016        Jul 22, Poland's parliament eased some restrictions on the constitutional court in a move the government said addressed concerns that the ruling party had undermined the rule of law but the opposition said the changes did not go far enough.
    (Reuters, 7/22/16)
2016        Jul 22, Romania's Court of Appeal has upheld prison sentences for eight people for money laundering and embezzlement worth 83.5 million euros ($92 million). Sorin Ovidiu Vantu was sentenced to six years and two months in prison. Trade union leader Liviu Luca was sentenced to six years in prison for misusing the funds of Petromservice, a petroleum-facility maintenance company. The court also confirmed sentences for six other former company employees to prison terms.
    (AP, 7/22/16)
2016        Jul 22, In Serbia hundreds of migrants from the Middle East and Asia marched through Belgrade on their way to Hungary and announced a hunger strike to underline their demand for passage to western Europe.
    (Reuters, 7/22/16)
2016        Jul 22, Singapore banned the distribution and possession of Al Fatihin, a newspaper linked to the Islamic State militant group, after government officials repeatedly warned against terror threats.
    (Reuters, 7/22/16)
2016        Jul 22, South Korea's central bank said North Korea's economy shrank 1.1 percent last year, in its first contraction in five years.
    (AP, 7/22/16)
2016        Jul 22, In northern Syria sporadic clashes between Islamic Sate militants and US-backed fighters erupted in the IS-held town of Manbij after the extremists ignored a 48-hour offer from the day before to leave the besieged town without a fight.
    (AP, 7/22/16)
2016        Jul 22, The United Nations refugee agency said more than 26,000 people have fled South Sudan to Uganda this month.
    (AP, 7/22/16)
2016        Jul 22, The UN World Tourism Organization signed an agreement with Turkey to help the country boost its ailing tourism sector, which has suffered due to a string of bombings and a failed coup.
    (AFP, 7/22/16)

2017        Jul 22, Pres. Donald Trump asserted that has complete power to pardon in an apparent allusion to the probe into his campaign contracts with Russian officials.
    (SSFC, 7/23/17, p.A6)
2017        Jul 22, Pres. Donald Trump helped commission the $12.9 billion Gerald R. Ford aircraft carrier in Norfolk, Va.
    (SSFC, 7/23/17, p.A7)
2017        Jul 22, A Minnesota mink farm said 15,000 mink have died after unknown culprits released them from cages last week. Some 38,000 mink were released and 14,000 were unaccounted for.
    (SSFC, 7/23/17, p.A6)
2017        Jul 22, In southern California Clarence Francis Matthews (b.1906), believed to be the oldest man in the US, died at his home in Indian Wells.
    (SFC, 7/25/17, p.C4)
2017        Jul 22, In Afghanistan two police were killed late today when Taliban using the cover of darkness to attack the district headquarters, setting fire to the police headquarters buildings in northern Faryab province's Lawlash district.
    (AP, 7/23/17)
2017        Jul 22, British officials announced plans to regulate drone use in a bid to prevent accidents and threats to commercial aviation.
    (SSFC, 7/23/17, p.A3)
2017        Jul 22, It was reported that nearly one young person a week has been stabbed to death in London so far this year. Figures from London city hall twenty-seven people under the age of 25 have been stabbed to death in London since the start of 2017.
    (AFP, 7/22/17)
2017        Jul 22, In southern China a crane at a construction site collapsed in Guangzhou city killing seven people. Authorities the next day suspended all construction projects in the city pending inspection.
    (Reuters, 7/23/17)
2017        Jul 22, In Egypt a Cairo criminal court sentenced to death 28 people over the 2015 killing of Hisham Barakat, Egypt's top prosecutor, and handed 15 others jail sentences of 25 years each.
    (Reuters, 7/22/17)(SSFC, 7/23/17, p.A3)
2017        Jul 22, Egypt’s military said security forces have killed 30 extremists during several days of security operations in the Sinai Peninsula involving the army, air force and police.
    (AFP, 7/22/17)
2017        Jul 22, Lebanon's Shi'ite militia Hezbollah and the Syrian army advanced against Sunni militants, the second day of an assault to drive them from their last foothold along the Syria-Lebanon border, pro-Damascus media reported.
    (Reuters, 7/22/17)
2017        Jul 22, Two Palestinians died in clashes with Israeli forces as the army moved in to seal off an attacker's home after violence over security measures at an ultra-sensitive holy site.
    (AFP, 7/23/17)
2017        Jul 22, The Philippine Congress overwhelmingly approved the president's appeal for martial law on Mindanao Island to be extended to the end of the year, granting greater powers to security forces to go after extremists with a reach that goes far beyond Marawi.
    (AP, 7/22/17)(Reuters, 7/23/17)
2017        Jul 22, Poland's Senate approved a contentious law that gives politicians substantial influence over the Supreme Court, in defiance of EU criticism. The bill proposed by the populist ruling party only needs the signature of President Andrzej Duda to become binding. Outrage over plans by the governing party to put the judicial system under its political control sparked another day of nationwide protests, with some people gathering outside the home of ruling party leader Jaroslaw Kaczynski and accusing him of being a dictator.
    (AP, 7/22/17)
2017        Jul 22, Russia's Defense Ministry said an agreement has been reached with the Syrian opposition on the boundaries for a de-escalation zone for the East Ghouta area near the Syrian capital Damascus.
    (AP, 7/22/17)
2017        Jul 22, Syrian warplanes carried out air strikes against Islamic State in an area of countryside east of Raqqa and close to where US-backed forces operate.
    (Reuters, 7/22/17)
2017        Jul 22, The Syrian army announced a halt in fighting for parts of Eastern Ghouta, a rebel-held region on the outskirts of the capital that has been ravaged in the six-year conflict.
    (AFP, 7/23/17)
2017        Jul 22, Voters in East Timor queued up to cast their vote in the country's fourth parliamentary elections since independence in a ballot where campaigning has focused on development and jobs in Asia's youngest democracy.
    (Reuters, 7/22/17)
2017        Jul 22, In Venezuela another day of violent clashes took place as security forces blocked protesters with armored cars and riot shields. The injured included Violinist Wuilly Arteaga, famous for his musical protests. The opposition called for a fresh 48-hour general strike against President Nicolas Maduro's plans to have the constitution rewritten giving him broader powers.
    (AP, 7/23/17)(AFP, 7/23/17)
2017        Jul 22, In Zimbabwe a bull elephant, that gave tourist rides in the town of Victoria Falls, trampled to death Enock Kufandanda (50), his professional handler. Parks and wildlife authority rangers shot and killed the elephant, reported to be about 30 years old.
    (AFP, 7/25/17)

2018        Jul 22, California's Ferguson Fire near Yosemite National Park, which began July 13, has now burned through 32484 acres in Mariposa County and was just 6% contained.
    (SFC, 7/23/18, p.C1)
2018        Jul 22, In Oakland, Ca., Nia Wilson (18) died after being stabbed on BART's MacArthur station platform. Transient John Lee Cowell (27) had stabbed Wilson and her sister, who was hospitalized, and escaped the scene. Cowell was arrested the next day. BART officials later acknowledged that this was the third possible homicide on the transit system in the last five days.
    (SFC, 7/24/18, p.A1)
2018        Jul 22, In Nevada John Kelley O'Connor (48) walked into his Mormon church in Fallon and opened fire killing one man and wounding another. O'Connor was charged with murder and battery.
    (SFC, 7/24/18, p.A5)
2018        Jul 22, In Washington state a Kent police officer was hit and killed by a police vehicle while attempting to deploy spike strips to stop a fleeing driver. The suspect also crashed and was taken into custody.
    (SFC, 7/23/18, p.A4)
2018        Jul 22, In Afghanistan 14 people, including both civilians and military forces, were killed in a suicide attack near Kabul's airport shortly after Vice President Gen. Abdul Rashid Dostum landed on his return from abroad. Gunmen opened fire on worshippers inside a mosque in eastern Nangarhar province, killing four people.
    (AP, 7/22/18)(AP, 7/23/18)
2018        Jul 22, A new poll said PM Theresa May's plans to leave the EU are overwhelmingly opposed by the British public. More than a third of voters would support a new right-wing political party committed to quitting the bloc, according to a new poll.
    (Reuters, 7/22/18)
2018        Jul 22, In Canada Faisal Hussain (29) opened fire late today on a street in Toronto's Greektown filled with people in restaurants, killing two people and injuring 12 others. The suspected shooter (29) was soon found dead, but it was not clear if he killed himself or was killed by police.
    (Reuters, 7/23/18)(SFC, 7/24/18, p.A2)
2018        Jul 22, Chinese censors deleted articles and postings about the vaccine industry as an online outcry over the country's latest vaccine scandal intensified. Regulators said last week that they had halted production of a rabies vaccine at Changchun Changsheng Biotechnology in the northeast after finding fabricated records and other problems during an inspection.
    (AFP, 7/22/18)
2018        Jul 22, Typhoon Ampil hit Chinese financial hub Shanghai around midday, bringing heavy rainfall and disrupting transport and shipping. More than 600 flights from the city's two airports were canceled and high-speed rail services also impacted.
    (Reuters, 7/22/18)
2018        Jul 22, Comoros vice-president Moustoidrane Abdou escaped an assassination attempt early today when his vehicle was fired on days before a controversial referendum on constitutional reform.
    (AP, 7/22/18)
2018        Jul 22, In Germany thousands of people protested in the southern city of Munich against what they say is the "politics of fear" that is pushing public debate in the country to the right.
    (AP, 7/22/18)
2018        Jul 22, German soccer star Mesut Ozil announced his decision to quit the national team due to the "racism and disrespect" he faced over his Turkish roots. This triggered a bad-tempered public debate about the country's relations with its largest immigrant community.
    (Reuters, 7/23/18)
2018        Jul 22, India said people whose names are missing from a list of citizens to be issued by Assam state this month will not be detained, amid concerns that Muslims will be targeted under the guise of detecting illegal immigrants from Bangladesh.
    (Reuters, 7/22/18)
2018        Jul 22, Human rights groups called for an independent investigation, after Indonesian police shot dead 11 men earlier this month as part of a security clampdown ahead of the Asian Games.
    (Reuters, 7/22/18)
2018        Jul 22, Iranian Pres. Hassan Rouhani told US Pres. Trump that hostile policies toward Tehran could lead to "the mother of all wars." Trump soon responded saying Iran risked dire consequences "the like of which few throughout history have suffered before" if the Islamic Republic made more threats against the United States.
    (AP, 7/23/18)
2018        Jul 22, Fresh protests hit southern Iraq as medical sources put at 11 the number of demonstrators killed in two weeks of unrest sparked by ire over corruption and lack of public services.
    (AFP, 7/22/18)
2018        Jul 22, Human Rights Watch called on Iraq's government to declare the number of detention facilities it maintains and not to hold suspects without informing their families.
    (AP, 7/22/18)
2018        Jul 22, Israelis demonstrated and held a one-day strike to protest a law denying surrogacy to gay couples, with some blocking a major highway in Tel Aviv.
    (AFP, 7/22/18)
2018        Jul 22, In Japan Chiyo Miyako (b.1901), the world's oldest woman, died.
    (SFC, 7/28/18, p.A2)
2018        Jul 22, In Kashmir three rebels were killed in a gunbattle with Indian troops early today in southern Khudwani village.
    (AP, 7/22/18)
2018        Jul 22, Malta's PM Joseph Muscat said his country will take in 19 migrants rescued after their boat capsized in the Mediterranean overnight.
    (AFP, 7/22/18)
2018        Jul 22, In Pakistan Ikramullah Gandapur, a candidate from the party of Pakistan prime ministerial hopeful and former cricket star Imran Khan, was killed in a suicide attack that wounded four others in the northwestern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.
    (Reuters, 7/22/18)
2018        Jul 22, Syrian and Russia jets stepped up their bombing of an Islamic State bastion along the Jordan-Israel border in southwestern Syria, as the militants pushed into areas abandoned by other rebel groups.
    (Reuters, 7/22/18)
2018        Jul 22, Some 422 members of Syria's "White Helmet" civil defense group and their families fled advancing government forces and slipped over the border into Jordan overnight with the help of Israeli soldiers and Western powers.
    (Reuters, 7/22/18)
2018        Jul 22, About 2,400 swimmers took part in the Samsung Bosphorus Cross-Continental Swim, organized by the Turkish Olympic Committee, for the 30th race since the tradition began in 1989.
    (AFP, 7/22/18)

2019        Jul 22, The Trump administration announced that it will vastly extend the authority of immigration officers to deport migrants without allowing them to appear before judges, its second major policy shift on immigration in eight days.
    (AP, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, A group of American citizens and legal residents trying to bring their Iranian spouses and other family to join them in the United States filed a federal lawsuit saying they are being unfairly blocked by the Trump administration's travel ban.
    (AP, 7/23/19)
2019        Jul 22, US federal health officials said the United States recorded 25 new measles cases last week, bringing the total number of cases in the year to 1,148 as the country recorded its worst outbreak of the disease since 1992.
    (Reuters, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, The Washington Post reported that Huawei Technologies Co Ltd, the Chinese company put on a US black list because of national security concerns, secretly helped North Korea build and maintain its commercial wireless network over at least eight years.
    (Reuters, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, Oakland, Ca., released numbers of a one-night street count that showed a 47% increase in the homeless population between 2017 and 2019.
    (SFC, 7/23/19, p.A1)
2019        Jul 22, It was reported that Microsoft Corp has agreed to pay about $25.3 million, including an $8.75 million criminal fine, to settle US charges it violated a federal anti-bribery law by making improper payments to government officials in Hungary and other countries.
    (Reuters, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, Britain announced plans to develop and deploy a Europe-led maritime protection mission to safeguard shipping in the Strait of Hormuz.
    (SFC, 7/23/19, p.A4)
2019        Jul 22, Britain called on Iran to release a British-flagged tanker and its crew immediately, describing the seizure of the Stena Impero in the Strait of Hormuz as illegal.
    (Reuters, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, Pilot union BALPA said British Airways pilots overwhelmingly voted for strike action, in a dispute over pay that could disrupt the peak summer holiday season of the British flag carrier.
    (AP, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, Cambodia's PM hun Sen denied that he was allowing China to set up a military outpost in his country. The Wall Street Journal alleged the two nations had signed a secret pact allowing Beijing exclusive use of a naval base on the Gulf of Thailand.
    (SFC, 7/23/19, p.A2)
2019        Jul 22, Li Peng (b.1928), 4th premier of the people's Republic of China (1987-1998), died in Beijing. He is best know for announcing martial law during the 1989 Tiananmen Square pro-democrqacy protests.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li_Peng)(SFC, 7/24/19, p.A4)
2019        Jul 22, It was reported that tankers are offloading millions of barrels of Iranian oil into storage tanks at Chinese ports, creating a hoard of crude sitting on the doorstep of the world’s biggest buyer.
    (Bloomberg, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, An Egyptian court sentenced 11 people to life in prison on charges of joining the Islamic State group in Syria and Iraq.
    (AP, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, India launched a rocket into space in an attempt to safely land a rover on the moon, its most ambitious mission yet in the effort to establish itself as a low-cost space power.
    (Reuters, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, Iran said it has arrested 17 Iranian nationals allegedly recruited by the Central Intelligence Agency to spy on the country's nuclear and military sites, and that some of them have already been sentenced to death.
    (AP, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, Human Rights Watch released a report entitled: "Basra is Thirsty: Iraq's Failure to Manage the Water Crisis," a full year after Basra's violent protests.
    (AP, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, Israeli work crews began demolishing dozens of Palestinian homes in an east Jerusalem neighborhood, in one of the largest operations of its kind in years. Israel said the buildings were erected too close to its West Bank separation barrier. Residents say the buildings are on West Bank land, and the Palestinian Authority gave them construction permits.
    (AP, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, Kenya's Finance Minister Henry Rotich and other treasury officials were arrested on corruption and fraud charges over a multi-million dollar project to build two mega dams.
    (The Telegraph, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, Nigerian police and a group of Shi'ite Muslim protesters clashed in the capital Abuja, with at least one marcher appearing to be dead.
    (Reuters, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, In Portugal more than 1,000 firefighters battled a major wildfire for a third day amid scorching temperatures.
    (AP, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, In Puerto Rico thousands of people blocked a major San Juan highway in a protest aimed at forcing Governor Ricardo Rosselló to resign over offensive chat messages. Rosselló's announcement a day earlier that he would not seek re-election next year and would step down as head of the New Progressive Party seemed to have little effect on the crowds.
    (Reuters, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, President Vladimir Putin handed Russian citizenship to gas producer Novatek's veteran finance chief Mark Gyetvay, a move that could potentially help the US national bypass some sanctions restrictions.
    (Reuters, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, Sri Lanka extended a law granting security forces emergency powers for a fourth month following the Easter Day bomb attacks on hotels and churches that killed more than 250 people.
    (Reuters, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, Sweden-based Volvo Cars said it is recalling about half a million cars worldwide because of a faulty engine component that may in extreme cases cause a vehicle to catch a fire. Volvo Cars has been owned by China's Zhejiang Geely Holding Group since 2010.
    (AP, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, In northwestern Syria multiple airstrikes hit a busy market in the rebel-controlled town of Maaret al-Numan, killing at least 32 people and turning several buildings into piles of rubble. Shortly afterward rebels shelled the government-held village of Jourin, killing seven.
    (AP, 7/22/19)(Reuters, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, UAE state news agency WAM reported that Dubai's largest listed developer Emaar Properties has signed an agreement to help deliver an $11 billion project at the site of Beijing's new mega airport.
    (Reuters, 7/22/19)
2019        Jul 22, In Venezuela lights went out across much of the country. The government again accused opponents of sabotaging the nation's hydroelectric power system.
    (SFC, 7/23/19, p.A2)
2019        Jul 22, It was reported that Zimbabwean VP Constantino Chiwenga (62) has been flown to China for medical treatment. Chiwenga is widely seen as the power behind Pres. Emmerson Mnangagwa.
    (Reuters, 7/22/19)

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