1396 Jul 31, Philip the Good,
Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Limburg, count, was born.
1498 Jul 31, During his third
voyage to the Western Hemisphere, Christopher Columbus arrived at an
island he named Trinidad because of its 3 hills.
1556 Jul 31, St. Ignatius of
Loyola (65), founder of the Society of Jesus, the Jesuit order of
Catholic priests and brothers, died in Rome.
1629 Jul 31, Johann Jakob Lowe
von Eisenach, composer, was born.
1703 Jul 31, English novelist
Daniel Defoe was made to stand in the pillory as punishment for
offending the government and church with his satire "The Shortest
Way With Dissenters."
1760 Jul 31, Ferdinand, Duke of
Brunswick, foiled last French threat at Warburg and drove the French
army back to Rhine River.
1777 Jul 31, The Marquis de
Lafayette, a 19-year-old French nobleman, was made a major-general
in the American Continental Army.
1790 Jul 31, The first US
patent was issued to Samuel Hopkins of Vermont for an improvement
"in the making of Pot ash and Pearl ash by a new Apparatus and
Process". This patent was signed by then President George
Washington. The first 10,280 patents, issued between 1790 and 1836,
were destroyed by a fire. The legal basis for the United States
patent system (USPTO) is Article 1, Section 8 of the US Constitution
wherein the powers of Congress are defined.
1792 Jul 31, The
foundation-stone was laid for the US Mint by David Rittenhouse, Esq.
The property was paid for and deeded to the United States of America
for a consideration of $4266.67 on July 18, 1792. The money for the
Mint was the first money appropriated by Congress for a building to
be used for a public purpose.
1803 Jul 31, John
Ericsson, inventor of the screw propeller, was born.
1811 Jul 31, Miguel Hidalgo y
Costilla, Mexican hero priest, was executed by Spanish.
1813 Jul 31, British invaded
1816 Jul 31, George Henry
Thomas (d.1870), Union general in the Civil War whose bravery at the
battle of Chickamauga earned him the nickname "the Rock of
Chickamauga," was born.
(HN, 7/31/98)(MC, 7/31/02)
1830 Jul 31, Charles X of
France was forcibly ejected from the French throne. [see Jul 28]
1837 Jul 31, William Clarke
Quantrill (d.1865), Confederate guerrilla leader, was born at Canal
1846 Jul 31, The 3-masted
Brooklyn tied up at Yerba Buena cove following a 6-month journey
from the East Coast. San Francisco, known as Yerba Buena, had only
459 residents, and with the arrival of Sam Brannan and 230 Mormons
became known as a Mormon town. Printer Brannan later published the
first SF newspaper, the California star.
(SFC, 4/9/96, A-7)(SFEC, 7/21/96, DB p.29)(SFC,
1849 Jul 31, Benjamin Chambers
patented a breech loading cannon.
1864 Jul 31, Ulysses S. Grant
was named General of Volunteers.
1864 Jul 31, Louis Hachette
(64), French publisher, died.
1867 Jul 31, S.S. Kresge,
American businessman who owned five-and-ten stores across the
country, was born.
1875 Jul 31, The 17th president
of the United States, Andrew Johnson, died in Carter Station, Tenn.,
at age 66. He had succeeded Abraham Lincoln and was the first US
president to face impeachment proceedings.
(AP, 7/31/97)(HN, 7/31/98)
1876 Jul 31, US Coast Guard
officers' training school was established at New Bedford, MA.
1880 Jul 31, Fancy Farm in
Kentucky announced in a local newspaper upcoming barn dance, picnic
and gander pulling. The event grew to become a major event and its
1982 event was certified in the Guinness Book of Records as the
world’s largest picnic.
(Econ, 8/14/10, p.26)
1882 Jul 31, Belle and Sam
Starr were charged with Horse stealing in the Indian territory. Myra
Maybelle Shirley (Belle Starr) was neither a belle nor the star of
any outlaw band and still remains a legendary wild woman of the Old
1886 Jul 31, Franz Liszt,
composer, died in Bayreuth. His work included the symphonic poem
"Les Preludes" and the "Faust Symphony." Cosima-von-Bulow was an
illegitimate daughter of Liszt and married to Richard Wagner. A 3
volume biography of Liszt (1977, 1983, 1996) was written by Alan
Walker, Vol 3 was titled: "Franz Liszt: The final Years." Deszno
Legany of Hungary earlier wrote: "Liszt and His country: 1874-1866."
(WSJ, 6/18/96, p.A14)
1891 Jul 31, Great Britain
declared territories in Southern Africa up to the Congo to be within
their sphere of influence.
1901 Jul 31, Jean Dubuffet,
French sculptor and painter, was born.
1904 Jul 31, The Trans-Siberian
railroad connecting the Ural mountains with Russia’s Pacific coast,
was completed. [see Jul 21]
1911 Jul 31, George Liberace,
violinist (Liberace Show), was born in Menasha, Wisc.
1912 Jul 31, Milton Friedman
(d.2006), Nobel Prize winning economist (1976), was born. He became
the premier spokesman for the monetarist school of economics. He
argued that changes in money supply precede changes in the overall
economic conditions. He argued that all social welfare programs
should be replaced with a negative income tax. He held that there
was a natural rate of unemployment that depended on the given
(HN, 7/31/98)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R20)
1913 Jul 31, Bulgaria signed an
armistice concluding the 2nd Balkan War. [see Aug 10]
1914 Jul 31, Jean Jaures
(b.1859), French Socialist leader, was assassinated by French
nationalist Raoul Villain (29).
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Jaur%C3%A8s)(Econ., 3/7/15, p.52)
1914 Jul 31, German Kaiser
Wilhelm II threatened war and ordered Russia to demobilize.
1917 Jul 31, The third Battle
of Ypres commenced as the British attacked the German lines.
1919 Jul 31, Curt Gowdy
(d.2006), later leading sports announcer, was born in Green River,
(SFC, 2/21/06, p.B5)
1919 Jul 31, Primo Levi,
Italian writer and scientist (Survival in Auschwitz), was born.
1919 Jul 31, Germany's Weimar
Constitution was adopted by the republic's National Assembly. The
Weimar Republic became Germany’s 1st democratic government.
(AP, 7/31/97)(SFC, 8/3/99, p.A8)(SSFC, 8/1/04,
1921 Jul 31, Whitney Young,
Jr., civil rights leader and executive director of the National
Urban League, was born.
1922 Jul 31, Ralph Samuelson
(18) rode the world's 1st water skis in Minn.
1925 Jul 31, An Unemployment
Insurance Act was passed in England.
1928 Jul 31, Horace Silver,
jazz pianist, composer and bandleader, was born.
1932 Jul 31, The George
Washington quarter went into circulation as a 200 year commemorative
of G. Washington’s birth. It has been in use ever since.
(WSJ, 7/12/96, p.B5B)(MC, 7/31/02)
1932 Jul 31, Adolf Hitler's
Nationalist Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazis) doubled its
strength in legislative elections. Nazi Party won 37.3% of the vote.
1937 Jul 31, The Russian
Politburo enabled Operative Order 00447. This led to the execution
of some 193,000 people.
1941 Jul 31, The U.S. Army
established the Military Police Corps.
1942 Jul 31, At midnight the
record studios fell silent in a struggle with James Caesar Petrillo,
head of the American Federation of Musicians. Petrillo insisted that
the record industry pay a ¼ to ¾ cent royalty to the musicians
union. Decca signed an agreement in Aug, 1943, and Columbia and
Victor surrendered Nov 11, 1944.
(WSJ, 7/31/02, p.D10)
1942 Jul 31, The German SS
gassed some 1,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia.
1944 Jul 31, A large number of
children were deported to Auschwitz from France by Alois Brunner,
deputy to Adolf Eichmann.
(SFC, 3/3/01, p.A10)
1944 Jul 31, Antoine de
Saint-Exupery (44), author of "The Little Prince," died in a plane
crash during reconnaissance off Marseilles. In 1949 Nelly de Vogue,
his longtime mistress, authored the 1st Exupery biography. In 2001 a
memoir by his widow, Consuelo de Saint-Exupery (d.1979) titled "The
Tale of the Rose: The Passion That Inspired the Little Prince," was
published. Saint-Exupery's plane was found in 2004.
(SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)(SFEC, 5/28/00,
p.A15)(SSFC, 8/5/01, DB p.63)(SFC, 4/8/04, p.A2)
1944 Jul 31, The Soviet army
took Kovno [Kaunas], the capital of Lithuania.
1945 Jul 31, Pierre Laval,
premier of the pro-Nazi Vichy government, surrendered to U.S.
authorities in Austria; he was turned over to France, which later
tried and executed him.
1947 Jul 31, The Jewish
underground Irgun Zvai Leumi said it hanged 2 British sergeants in
(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A20)
1948 Jul 31, "Brigadoon" closed
at Ziegfeld Theater in NYC after 581 performances.
1948 Jul 31, President Truman
helped dedicate New York International Airport (later John F.
Kennedy International Airport) at Idlewild Field.
(HFA, ‘96, p.34)(AP, 7/31/97)
1950 Jul 31, India and Nepal
signed a treaty of peace and friendship.
(http://tinyurl.com/mdf3sk5)(Econ, 8/2/14, p.32)
1951 Jul 31, Evonne Goolagong,
Australian tennis player and first aborigine in an international
sport, was born.
1953 Jul 31, Sen. Robert A.
Taft of Ohio (63), known as "Mr. Republican," died in New York. His
successor was named by a Democratic governor.
(AP, 7/31/97)(WSJ, 5/25/01, p.A14)
1954 Jul 31, Italians Lino
Lacedelli (1925-2009) and Achille Compagnoni (1915-2009) first
scaled Pakistan’s K-2, the world's second-highest mountain. In 2004
Lacedelli authored “K2: The Price of Conquest."
(AP, 7/27/04)(SSFC, 11/29/09, p.C8)
1957 Jul 31, The Distant Early
Warning Line, a system of radar stations designed to detect Soviet
bombers approaching North America, went into operation.
1959 Jul 31, In Spain dissident
student members of the Basque Nationalist Party (PNV), inspired by
Marxist-Leninist teachings, formally founded ETA, which stands for
Euskadi ta Askatasuna, meaning Basque Fatherland and Liberty in the
Basque language. Its founders focused on Gen. Francisco Franco's
suppression of the Basque language and culture.
1960 Jul 31, Elijah Muhammad,
leader of Nation of Islam, called for a black state.
1961 Jul 31, Israel welcomed
its 1,000,000th immigrant.
1964 Jul 31, The American space
probe Ranger 7 transmitted pictures of the moon's surface.
1965 Jul 31, J. K. Rowling,
British writer, was born in Yate, Gloucestershire. She became famous
for her Harry Potter fantasy series. By 2012 she was the world’s
richest author with a net worth of some $910
1966 Jul 31, Alabamans burned
Beatle products due to John Lennon's remark that the Beatles are
more popular than Jesus.
1968 Jul 31, The Beatle's
recorded Hey Jude.
1968 Jul 31, In Boston 4 men
were convicted for shooting Edward "Teddy" Deegan in a Chelsea,
Mass., alley in 1965. In 2007 a federal judge in Boston ordered the
government to pay a record nearly $102 million for the FBI's role in
the wrongful murder convictions of the 4 men. Two of the men
convicted, Louis Greco and Henry Tameleo, died behind bars. The
others, Peter Limone (73) and Joseph Salvati (74) spent three
decades in prison.
1969 Jul 31, The Zodiac killer
sent a poorly-spelled letter to the SF Chronicle, Examiner and
Vallejo Times-Herald and took responsibility for the July 5
shootings along with a portion of a cipher.
(SFC, 10/2/00, p.A19)
1969 Jul 31, Gary Allen Hinman,
a California musician and UCLA Ph.D. candidate, was found murdered
at his home in Topanga Canyon, Ca. Bruce Davis, a member of
Charles Manson’s murderous cult, was later convicted for the murder
of Gary Hinman as well as stuntman Donald “Shorty" Shea. Robert
Beausoleil, a follower of Charles Manson, was also convicted in the
slaying of Hinman.
1/29/10, p.A6)(SFC, 1/4/19, p.A4)
1971 Jul 31, Apollo 15
astronauts (Dave Scott) took a drive on the moon in their land
1972 Jul 31, Thomas F. Eagleton
was chosen by the Democratic Party convention and presidential
candidate George McGovern on July 31, 1972 as the Vice presidential
candidate. He withdrew from the 1972 Democratic Party ticket because
of publicity surrounding his hospitalization for psychiatric
treatment. The senator from Missouri was asked to withdraw by
McGovern after reporters discovered and published information about
his three hospitalizations for psychiatric disorders.
(AP, 7/31/97)(HNQ, 4/25/00)
1972 Jul 31, George Wright,
dressed as a priest and using an alias, hijacked a Delta flight from
Detroit to Miami with four other BLA members and three children.
They released 86 other passengers in exchange for a $1 million
ransom and forced the plane to fly to Boston. There an international
navigator was taken aboard, and the plane was flown to Algeria,
where the hijackers sought asylum. Wright's associates were tracked
down, arrested, tried and convicted in Paris in 1976.
1972 Jul 31, The British army
launched "Operation Motorman" to regain control of Catholic parts of
Belfast and Londonderry that had been closed off by IRA road
barricades since 1971. An IRA attack followed in Claudy,
Northern Ireland, and 3 car bombs killed 9 people. In 2002 a court
case was reopened following allegations that Rev. Jim Chesney
(d.1980), a deceased Roman Catholic priest, had led the Claudy
attack. In 2010 a new report said the British government and the
Roman Catholic church colluded to cover up the involvement of Rev.
(AP, 10/1/02)(AP, 11/29/05)(AP, 8/24/10)(Econ,
1975 Jul 31, The Bangkok
Agreement was signed as an initiative of the Economic and Social
Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). As Asia’s 1st
preferential trade agreement between developing countries it aimed
at promoting intra-regional trade through exchange of mutually
agreed concessions by member countries. Five countries, Republic of
Korea, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Lao People’s Democratic
Republic, were the initial signatories. China joined in April, 2000.
Thailand and the Philippines did not ratify the agreement due to
their ASEAN commitments.
1976 Jul 31, "Sugar" Ray
Charles Leonard (b.1956), American boxer, won an Olympic gold medal
1979 Jul 31, Cesar Chavez began
a 12-day march from SF to Salinas to dramatize the 6-month strike of
the United Farm Workers.
(SFC, 7/30/04, p.F2)
1981 Jul 31, A seven-week-old
Major League Baseball strike was resolved. Play resumed on August 9
with the All-Star game.
1981 Jul 31, The leader of
Panama, General Omar Torrijos, died in a plane crash. Michael
Harari, a former Israeli Mossad agent, reorganized, renamed and
trained the Panamanian Defense Forces when Gen. Manuel Noriega
(SFC, 1/2/97, p.A20)(AP,
1982 Jul 31, Jai Alai executive
John B. Callahan (45) was fatally shot in Miami by mob hit man John
Martorano. Callahan’s body was found Aug 2 in the trunk of his
Cadillac. In 2008 former FBI agent John Connolly was convicted of
2nd degree murder for leaking information to mobsters that led to
the shooting death of Callahan. In Jan, 2009, Connolly was sentenced
to 40 years in prison.
p.A9)(http://mafiatoday.com/?p=442)(SFC, 1/16/09, p.A2)
1987 Jul 31, Iranian pilgrims
and riot police clashed in the Muslim holy city of Mecca in Saudi
Arabia. The Saudi government blamed Iranians for the resulting 402
(AP, 7/31/97)(AP, 2/1/04)
1988 Jul 31, The last US
Playboy Club closed in Lansing, Mich.
1988 Jul 31, In a televised
speech, Jordan's King Hussein called for an independent Palestinian
state in the Israeli-occupied territories as he told the
Palestinians to take affairs into their own hands. Hussein renounced
claims to the West Bank, paving the way for new elections and
(HN, 7/31/98)(AP, 1/23/13)
1989 Jul 31, A pro-Iranian
group in Lebanon released a grisly videotape purportedly showing the
body of American hostage William R. Higgins dangling from a rope, a
day after his kidnappers threatened to kill him.
1990 Jul 31, Pitcher Nolan Ryan
of the Texas Rangers became the 20th major leaguer to win 300 games
as he led his team to victory over the Milwaukee Brewers 11-to-3.
1990 Jul 31, Shoal Creek, a
private club in Birmingham, Alabama, that drew criticism for being
all-white, announced it had accepted a black businessman as an
1990 Jul 31, The Assembly of
Bosnia-Herzegovina adopted constitutional amendments by which
Bosnia-Herzegovina was declared a democratic state of equal citizens
of the peoples of BH, Moslems, Serbs, Croats and others.
1991 Jul 31, A volleyball court
was installed at People’s Park in Berkeley at a cost of over $1
million due to the ensuing 12 days of rioting and arrests. The city
established a five year lease with the Univ. to manage the 2.3 acre
(SFC, 1/4/97, p.A17)(SFEC, 1/5/97, p.B3)
1991 Jul 31, President Bush and
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev signed START I, the Strategic
Arms Reduction Treaty in Moscow. The agreement included the
deactivation and removal by May, 1995, of 150 Minuteman II missiles
in Missouri. The treaty was set to expire in Dec, 2009.
(AP, 7/31/01)(WSJ, 5/23/96, p.A-1)(WSJ, 12/1/07,
p.A8)(Econ, 3/14/09, p.64)
1991 Jul 31, The US Senate
voted to allow women to fly combat aircraft.
1991 Jul 31, Seven people were
killed when an Amtrak passenger train derailed near Camden, South
1991 Jul 31, Seven people were
killed when a bus carrying Girl Scouts crashed in Palm Springs,
1991 Jul 31, In Lithuania 7
border guards were shot to death and one was wounded as OMON
commandos from the Soviet Interior Ministry raided the Medininkai
checkpoint on the border of Lithuania and Belarus.
1992 Jul 31, Summer Sanders
became the first American athlete to win four medals at the
Barcelona Olympics as she won the gold in the women's 200-meter
1992 Jul 31, The space shuttle
Atlantis blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on a problem-plagued
1992 Jul 31, In Italy the scala
mobile wage index, which maintained a rigid link between Italian
wages and prices, was scrapped after a long struggle.
6/13/09, SR p.9)
1993 Jul 31, The Missouri River
overflowed. It was just part of the massive flooding throughout the
(WSJ, 9/11/96, p.A20)
1993 Jul 31, A U.S.-brokered
truce halted Israel's weeklong military offensive in southern
Lebanon, which was launched in retaliation for guerrilla attacks
that killed seven Israeli troops.
1993 Jul 31, Belgium's King
Baudouin I died at age 62; he was succeeded by his brother, Prince
1994 Jul 31, The U.N. Security
Council voted 12-0 with 2 abstentions to authorize member states to
use "all necessary means" to oust the military leadership in Haiti.
(AP, 7/31/99)(MC, 7/31/02)
1995 Jul 31, The Walt Disney
Company agreed to acquire Capital Cities-ABC Inc. in a $19 billion
deal. The deal included the ESPN sports cable network and made
Disney the world’s largest media company.
(AP, 7/31/97)(Econ, 9/18/04, p.70)(Econ, 11/3/12,
1996 Jul 31, After Pres.
Clinton's announcement that he would sign it, 98 Democrats joined
the House's Republican majority to pass a historic welfare overhaul
bill. The White House won agreement with key Republican lawmakers on
a package of anti-terrorism measures.
1996 Jul 31, Mahmoud Jumayal
died under interrogation by the Palestinian security forces. He was
the 8th in 2 years.
(SFC, 8/21/96, p.A8,10)
1996 Jul 31, In South Africa
rush-hour crowds panicked when guards used electric prods to drive
off fare-beaters. At least 15 died and 65 were injured in a
(WSJ, 8/1/96 p.A1)
1997 Jul 31, In New York City,
police seized five bombs believed bound for terrorist attacks on
city subways. 2 potential suicide bombers were shot and wounded in
an explosives laden Brooklyn apartment. Gazi Ibrahim Abu Mezer (23)
and Lafi Khalil (22) were recovering from wounds. In 1998 Khalil was
acquitted and Gazi Ibrahim Aby Mezer was convicted of plotting to
bomb a subway station.
(SFC, 8/1/97, p.A1)(SFC, 8/4/97, p.A3)(WSJ,
7/24/98, p.A1)(HN, 7/31/98)
1997 Jul 31, Bao Dai (85),
former emperor of Annam [now Vietnam] and chief of state of French
Indochina, died in France.
(SFC, 8/2/97, p.A21)(MC, 7/31/02)
1997 Jul 31, Nigeria was named
the most corrupt country in the world by business people in a report
released by the German-based Transparency Int’l. Denmark was named
the least corrupt.
(SFC, 8/1/97, p.B3)
1998 Jul 31, President Clinton
said he would "completely and truthfully" answer prosecutors'
questions about Monica Lewinsky in testimony to be beamed by
closed-circuit television to a grand jury.
1998 Jul 31, IBM's Russian
subsidiary agreed to pay $8.5 million in federal fines for selling
powerful computers ultimately destined for a Russian nuclear weapons
1998 Jul 31, Bicycle production
at the Huffy plant in Celina, Ohio, ended 44 years of production and
650 workers lost their jobs.
(SFC, 8/6/93, p.A8)
1998 Jul 31, In Algeria 6
civilians were killed and 23 wounded in 2 overnight attacks. In
Malakou village in Tiaret province 4 villagers had their throats cut
and in Algiers a parcel bomb killed 2.
(SFC, 8/1/98, p.A11)
1998 Jul 31, Britain's National
Minimum Wage Act came into force.
1998 Jul 31, The British
government banned the manufacture, sale and use of land mines by its
(SFC, 8/1/98, p.A11)
1998 Jul 31, In China Chen
Xitong, former mayor of Beijing, was sentenced to 16 years in prison
for graft. The bribes were to be confiscated and handed over to the
(SFC, 7/31/98, p.D2)
1998 Jul 31, The Canadian
dollar hit a historical low of 66.10 cents to $1US.
(SFC, 8/1/98, p.A10)
1998 Jul 31, In China it was
reported that floods on the Yangtze River had killed 1,261 people in
Hubei, Hunan and Jiangxi provinces.
(SFC, 7/31/98, p.D3)
1998 Jul 31, Talks between
India and Pakistan broke down following border fighting in Kashmir
that killed 50 people.
(SFC, 8/1/98, p.A10)
1998 Jul 31, In Italy over
10,000 members of the nation’s beach workers (bagnini) went on
strike and closed their umbrella stands.
(WSJ, 8/3/98, p.A1)
1998 Jul 31, In Japan Asa
Takii, the oldest person in the country and a survivor of the
Hiroshima blast, died at age 114.
(SFC, 8/1/98, p.A19)
1998 Jul 31, In Kosovo refugees
fled Serb attacks one day after Serbia declared that the military
offensive was over.
(SFC, 8/1/98, p.A10)
1998 Jul 31, In South Africa
the Truth and Reconciliation Commission closed down after 2 years of
hearings. A report was due in October.
(SFC, 8/1/98, p.A12)
1999 Jul 31, NASA controllers
planned to send the $63 million Lunar Prospector crashing into the
Mawson crater located in the Moon’s south pole. They hoped to churn
up some water vapor for possible detection. Evidence of the crash at
2:51 PDT was not detected.
(SFC, 6/3/99, p.A4)(SFEC, 8/1/99, p.A3)
1999 Jul 31, Chicago
authorities said as many as 46 more residents had died as a result
of a relentless heat wave that enveloped much of the nation and
produced the hottest July on record in New York City.
1999 Jul 31, In Cottrellville
Township, Mich., 10 people died from a skydiving plane crash shortly
after takeoff from Marine City Airport, 40 miles north of Detroit.
(SFEC, 8/1/99, p.A5)
1999 Jul 31, Chinese
authorities seized a Taiwanese freighter near the Taiwanese military
post of Matsu Island with accusations of smuggling.
(SFC, 8/2/99, p.A10)
1999 Jul 31, The Ukraine and
the US agreed to extend the nuclear weapon and ballistic missile
dismantling program for 6 years.
(SFEC, 8/1/99, p.A20)
2000 Jul 31, The Republican
national convention opened in Philadelphia, with George W. Bush’s
name put into nomination for president.
(SFEC, 7/30/00, p.A1)(AP, 7/31/01)
2000 Jul 31, William Maxwell
(b.1908) novelist and editor for the New Yorker, died in NYC. In
2008 the Library of America published a 2-volume edition of his
2000 Jul 31, US and British
diplomats accused the Pres. Charles Taylor of Liberia and Pres.
Blaise Compaore of Burkina Faso of trading arms for diamonds and
aiding the rebels in Sierra Leone.
(SFC, 8/1/00, p.A8)
2000 Jul 31, A Beijing court
sentenced Cheng Kejie (66) to death for corruption. He was a former
deputy chairman of the national legislature and headed the southern
region of Guangxi from 1990-1998. Over the last week 48 people were
executed for drug trafficking. Kejie was executed in Sept.
(SFC, 8/1/00, p.A10)(SFC, 9/15/00, p.A14)
2000 Jul 31, In Israel Moshe
Katsav of the opposition Likud Party was elected president over
Shimon Peres. Prime Minister Barak survived an attempt to oust his
(SFC, 8/1/00, p.A1)
2000 Jul 31, North and South
Korea agreed to reopen border liaison offices and reconnect a
railway linking their capitals.
2000 Jul 31, In Mexico aides of
Vincente Fox announced plans to transform the police and judiciary
and to demilitarize the anti-narcotics programs.
(SFC, 8/1/00, p.A8)
2000 Jul 31, Yugoslavia
announced that it had arrested 4 Dutch men for plotting to kidnap or
kill Pres. Milosevic to win a $5 million US reward.
(WSJ, 8/1/00, p.A1)
2000 Jul 31, In Zimbabwe Vice
President Joseph Msika announced that 3,000 white-owned farms would
be resettled by landless black families.
(SFC, 8/2/00, p.A13)
2001 Jul 31, Pres. Bush issued
Executive Order 13221. It instructed government agencies that used
external standby power devices to purchase products that use no more
than one watt in their standby power consuming mode.
2001 Jul 31, The US House of
Representatives voted 265-102 to criminalize all human cloning.
(SFC, 8/1/01, p.A1)
2001 Jul 31, Poul Anderson,
science fiction writer, died at age 74.
(WSJ, 8/3/01, p.A1)
2001 Jul 31, In Colombia 4
rebels and 2 soldiers were killed in fighting in southern and
(SFC, 8/1/01, p.A9)
2001 Jul 31, In Indonesia at
least 62 people were killed when a mudslide buried the village of
Sambulu. At least 35 people were killed and some 200 missing.
(SFC, 8/1/01, p.A9)(AP, 7/31/02)
2001 Jul 31, In the West Bank
Israeli gunships killed 8 people in Nablus including 2 Hamas
leaders, Jamal Mansour and Jamal Salim, and 2 children.
(SFC, 8/1/01, p.A1)(SFC, 8/2/01, p.A7)
2001 Jul 31, Russian commandos
freed 25  hostages held by 2 hijackers in Mineralniye Vody,
(SFC, 8/1/01, p.A8)(WSJ, 8/1/01, p.A1)
2002 Jul 31, The US Senate
rejected a Medicare drug-benefit bill but passed a bill to speed
generic drugs to market.
(WSJ, 8/1/02, p.A1)
2002 Jul 31, US court papers
alleged that Russia's Alimzhan Tokhtakhounov (53) used his influence
with members of the Russian and French skating federations to fix
the outcome of the pairs and ice dancing competitions at the Salt
Lake City Winter Olympics last February. Tokhtakhounov was arrested
in Italy. Italy’s highest court denounced an extradition bid and
(Reuters, 7/31/02)(SFC, 8/1/02,
2002 Jul 31, In Chicago a mob
beat Anthony Stuckey (49) and Jack Moore (62) to death after their
van veered into over a curb and injured 3 women on the South Side.
One woman later died from her injuries. On August 3, seven people
were charged with 1st degree murder. In 2003 Antonio Fort (16) was
cleared of 34 charges, including first-degree murder. Fort had been
charged as an adult.
(SFC, 8/1/02, p.A3)(SSFC, 8/4/02,
2002 Jul 31, In Brunei U.S.
Secretary of State Colin Powell met his North Korean counterpart for
an informal chat, as easing inter-Korean tensions stole the
spotlight at an Asia-Pacific security forum.
2002 Jul 31, Southeast Asian
nations signed an anti-terror pact on with U.S. Secretary of State
Colin Powell ahead of his visit to Indonesia.
2002 Jul 31, In Israel a bomb
exploded in a crowded cafeteria at Hebrew University during
lunchtime, killing 9 people including 5 Americans and wounding more
than 70. Hamas claimed responsibility. The dead included a peace
activist named Dafna, who was a close friend of Israeli novelist
Avraham Yehoshua. His novel “A Woman in Israel," translated to
English in 2006, was dedicated to Dafna.
(SFC, 8/2/02, p.A1)(AP, 7/31/03)(Econ, 8/5/06,
2002 Jul 31, An Israeli man,
his hands and feet bound, was found shot and killed in his factory
office near the West Bank town of Tulkarem.
2002 Jul 31, In Lebanon a
disgruntled Education Ministry employee opened fire at colleagues at
a ministry office in Beirut, killing eight people and wounding five
before he was apprehended by police.
2002 Jul 31, Thousands of
illegal immigrants headed for Malaysia's ports to meet a midnight
deadline for them to leave the country or risk a caning.
2002 Jul 31, Pope John Paul II
canonized Juan Diego, an Indian peasant to whom church tradition
says the Virgin Mary appeared 500 years ago, in a ceremony in Mexico
that drew more than 1 million believers into the streets.
2002 Jul 31, In Mexico 6 masked
gunmen kidnapped a federal congressman from a town in the Pacific
coast state of Guerrero.
2002 Jul 31, In eastern Niger
disgruntled soldiers began a mutiny in N'gourti to protest months of
unpaid salaries, seizing senior officials in the region and taking
control of a radio station.
2002 Jul 31, South Korean
lawmakers vetoed the country's first female prime minister, dealing
a blow to President Kim Dae-jung, who had nominated her to boost his
beleaguered government's image in an election year.
2002 Jul 31, Sudanese rebels
claimed that government troops using bombers and helicopter gunships
attacked areas of a town in Sudan's oil-producing Western Upper Nile
2002 Jul 31, Uruguay prepared
to keep banks closed for a second day in an attempt to stanch the
flow of capital in the midst of a growing financial crisis.
2002 Jul 31, In Ukraine a coal
mine blast killed 19 miners, 3,557 underground.
(SFC, 8/1/02, p.A14)
2003 Jul 31, Two of ousted
Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein's daughters and their nine children were
granted refuge in Jordan.
2003 Jul 31, The Israeli
parliament voted to block Palestinians who marry Israelis from
becoming Israeli citizens of residents. The legislation was enacted
for one year.
(SFC, 8/1/03, p.A20)
2003 Jul 31, In Nepal monsoon
rains triggered landslides, killing at least 48 villagers over the
last 2 days, burying houses and blocking a key highway.
2003 Jul 31, The Vatican
launched a global campaign against gay marriages, warning Catholic
politicians that support of same-sex unions was "gravely immoral"
and urging non-Catholics to join the offensive.
(SFC, 8/1/03, p.A1)(AP, 7/31/04)
2004 Jul 31, Virginia Grey
(87), American film actress, died in LA. She had appeared in over
100 films and 40 TV shows.
(SFC, 8/7/04, p.B6)
2004 Jul 31, In southern
Afghanistan gunmen killed a local government leader and four of his
bodyguards in an ambush.
2004 Jul 31, Gunmen killed the
head of a state-run teacher's institute as he left a mosque after
prayers, an attack in apparent retribution for his refusal to stop
working for Iraqi authorities.
2004 Jul 31, A 10-day manhunt
for a murder suspect ended in a shootout near the Circus Maximus in
central Rome. Luciano Liboni had allegedly killed a policeman July
2004 Jul 31, Laura Betti (70),
Italian film actress, died. Her debut was in Fellini’s “La Dolce
(SFC, 8/3/04, p.B6)
2004 Jul 31, In Poland some
200,000 people gathered for the 10th annual weekend concert called
Woodstock in Kostrzyn.
2004 Jul 31, Flood-weakened
riverbanks in South Asia collapsed around villages, pushing the
death toll from this season's monsoons above 1,500 and stranding
more than 30 million people.
2004 Jul 31, World Trade
negotiators in Geneva broke months of deadlock and put together a
framework for the rest of the Doha trade round.
(Econ, 8/7/04, p.59)
2004 Jul 31, The Vatican issued
a document denouncing feminism for trying to blur differences
between men and women and threatening the institution of families
based on a mother and a father.
2005 Jul 31, The US Dept. of
Justice released its 1st statistical report on rape behind bars. It
estimated 8,210 allegations of sexual violence in American jails in
(Econ, 8/6/05, p.25)
2005 Jul 31, The HMAS Brisbane,
a decommissioned U.S.-built Australian naval destroyer (1966-2001),
was scuttled with explosives off the coast of Queensland. The vessel
sank evenly to its resting point about 115 feet beneath the surface
to become an artificial reef and a major diving attraction.
2005 Jul 31, Police arrested
seven people during a raid on an apartment in southern England,
bringing to 21 the number in custody in the relentless hunt for
accomplices in the failed July 21 transit bombings in London.
2005 Jul 31, Jeong Jang shot a
3-under 69 to win the Women's British Open by four strokes.
2005 Jul 31, Police in eastern
Germany found the remains of nine newborn babies buried in a garden
and arrested a woman (39) believed to be their mother.
2005 Jul 31, A Honduran
official said police had arrested Erlan Colindres, a 13-year-old
gang member, and Manuel Romero, his teenaged bodyguard, for the July
29 killing of Timothy Markey, a US Drug Enforcement Administration
agent, during an apparent bungled robbery.
2005 Jul 31, In India
authorities warned residents to remain home after new heavy rains
pounded Bombay and the surrounding state, as the official death toll
from last week's record-breaking monsoon rains hit 910.
2005 Jul 31, Hasan Rowhani,
Iran's top nuclear negotiator, said his European counterparts have
proposed a guarantee that Iran will not be invaded if Tehran agrees
to permanently halt uranium enrichment.
2005 Jul 31, A car bomb
exploded south of Baghdad, killing five civilians and wounding 10,
including two policemen.
2005 Jul 31, In southern Mexico
former soldier Oscar Flores (35) killed his wife, infant nephew and
a police officer in a vicious rampage that left 10 people dead
before being wounded by police and killed by an angry crowd.
2005 Jul 31, Maoist rebels
freed seven government officials they had seized in eastern Nepal,
and all were safe and in good health.
2005 Jul 31, John Garang (60),
Sudan's vice president and former southern rebel leader, died when
the helicopter he was flying in crashed into a mountain in southern
Sudan in bad weather killing him and the other 13 people on board.
2006 Jul 31, In California PM
Blair and Gov. Schwarzenegger committed to a number of actions to
fight global warming including a look for market-based ways to stem
emissions of the gases believed to cause global warming.
(WSJ, 8/1/06, p.A8)
2006 Jul 31, In Los Angeles 2
women, Olga Rutterschmidt (73) and Helen Golay (75), were charged
with killing homeless men in hit-and-run car crashes in order to
collect over $2 million in life insurance. In 2008 both women were
convicted of murder and conspiracy. They were sentenced to spend the
rest of their lives in prison.
(SFC, 8/1/06, p.A3)(SFC, 4/18/08, p.B6)(SFC,
2006 Jul 31, SanDisk Corp. of
Milpitas, Ca., agreed to buy M-Systems Flash Disk Pioneers Ltd. of
Israel for $1.56 billion in stock.
(SFC, 8/1/06, p.D1)
2006 Jul 31, Scientists
reported the development of a vaccine to control obesity in rats.
The vaccine produced antibodies against ghrelin, a hormone that
stimulates hunger and fat storage.
(SFC, 8/1/06, p.A2)
2006 Jul 31, NATO took command
of southern Afghanistan from the United States, and the new
commander of the push to pacify the insurgency-wracked region vowed
that he would not fail millions of Afghans seeking peace and
stability. A bomb exploded outside a mosque in eastern Afghanistan
during a memorial service for a mujahedeen commander, killing at
least eight people and wounding 16.
2006 Jul 31, Australian PM John
Howard said he would seek a fifth straight term, ending his
ambitious deputy's leadership hopes and cementing his place as one
of the world's most successful conservative leaders.
2006 Jul 31, A lesbian couple
lost a legal battle to have their Canadian marriage legally
recognized in Britain.
2006 Jul 31, The Canadian Food
Inspection Agency said two separate anthrax outbreaks in the
Canadian Prairies have killed about 500 animals on an estimated 100
2006 Jul 31, In Colombia
suspected rebels ambushed an army patrol, exploded a car bomb in
Bogota and another bomb in the southwest, killing at least 18 people
in a wave of attacks a week before the presidential inauguration.
2006 Jul 31, Dozens of polling
stations reopened in Congo’s second-largest city, offering citizens
stymied by violence during their nation’s historic elections another
chance to vote.
2006 Jul 31, Cuban President
Fidel Castro temporarily ceded power to his brother, Raul, after
gastrointestinal surgery. In 2011 Fidel Castro said he resigned five
years ago from all his official positions, including head of Cuba's
(AP, 7/31/07)(AP, 3/22/11)
2006 Jul 31, France's
agriculture minister condemned the destruction of two fields of
genetically modified corn by activists in southwestern France.
2006 Jul 31, Akbar Mohammadi
(34) died in Tehran’s Evin Prison after a nine-day hunger strike to
protest a lack of medical care. Mohammadi had been arrested for
taking part in protests at Tehran University in July 1999, Iran's
biggest anti-government demonstrations since the 1979 Islamic
revolution. The EU later expressed grave concern regarding the harsh
treatment of dissidents, opposition leaders, student activists and
all human rights defenders in Iranian prisons.
2006 Jul 31, In Iraq gunmen
wearing military fatigues kidnapped 26 employees and customers from
a mobile phone store in the main shopping area of Baghdad. Sectarian
killings claimed 30 lives.
(AP, 8/1/06)(WSJ, 8/1/06, p.A1)
2006 Jul 31, Israeli warplanes
carried out airstrikes in southern Lebanon, hours after agreeing to
temporarily halt raids while investigating a bombing that killed
nearly 60 Lebanese civilians. Israel accidentally killed a Lebanese
soldier when it hit a car that it believed was carrying a senior
2006 Jul 31, In Indian Kashmir
four rebels and a policeman were killed in three separate gunbattles
in southern Poonch and Pulwama districts.
2006 Jul 31, Every Kuwaiti
citizen will get a $694 gift from the government after parliament
unanimously backed the one-time payout. 2 million foreign workers,
who make up the rest of Kuwait's population of 3 million, do not get
2006 Jul 31, Malawi's top
prosecutor said theft and corruption charges against the former
president Bakili Muluzi have been dropped after Pres. Bingu wa
Mutharika suspended the chief investigator in the case.
2006 Jul 31, In Mexico
supporters of the country’s leftist presidential candidate paralyzed
the Mexico City’s financial district and said they won’t leave until
the top electoral court rules on their demands for a recount in the
2006 Jul 31, Mexican police
found the body of a woman on a dirt road in the border city of
Ciudad Juarez. Abigail Rodriguez (29), who apparently had been
killed by a blow to the head and thrown out of a moving car, was the
14th woman found dead in Juarez so far this year.
2006 Jul 31, Peru’s President
Alan Garcia cut government salaries, including his own, three days
after announcing a long list of austerity measures in his inaugural
2006 Jul 31, Russian officials
said more than 220 pieces, including jewelry and enameled objects
worth about $5 million, stolen from the State Hermitage Museum in
St. Petersburg, were not insured. The theft was discovered after a
routine inventory check that began in October 2005 and was completed
at the end of July.
(AP, 8/1/06)(SFC, 8/1/06, p.A3)
2006 Jul 31, Serbia’s PM
Vojislav Kostunica said in published remarks that Serbia will reject
independence as a solution for Kosovo and continue to consider the
province part of its territory.
2006 Jul 31, In South Korea
Jeong Kyung-hak (48) was arrested on charges of being a spy for
North Korea and having illegally arrived on Jul 27 with forged
Philippines identity documents.
2006 Jul 31, In northeastern
Sri Lanka heavy fighting over control of a water supply killed 35
Tamil rebels and seven soldiers. A rebel leader declared the island
nation's four-year-old cease-fire over.
2006 Jul 31, Turkey named Gen.
Yasar Buyukanit as the new military chief. He favored a tougher line
against Kurdish rebels and negotiations on joining the EU.
2006 Jul 31, The UN passed
Resolution 1696, which demanded that Iran suspend uranium enrichment
by the end of August.
2006 Jul 31, The UN scrapped a
meeting of nations that might contribute troops to help stabilize
south Lebanon, a decision that reflected the deep divisions among
key nations on how to end the three-week war between Israel and
2006 Jul 31, Venezuelan
President Hugo Chavez praised Vietnam for its battle against
"imperialism" and pledged to help the communist country develop its
nascent oil and gas industry during a two-day state visit.
2006 Jul 31, Zimbabwe devalued
its currency by 60% and slashed loan rates 550 points to 300%. 3
zeroes were off denominations amid 1200% inflation.
(WSJ, 8/1/06, p.A1)
2007 Jul 31, A US government
watchdog group called for the removal of GOP Sen. Ted Stevens from
his Senate committees, less than 24 hours after the FBI and IRS
raided the senator’s Alaska home in connection with a public
corruption probe centered in the state.
2007 Jul 31, The Government
Accountability Office, the investigative arm of the US Congress,
issued a report saying it could not account for 190,000 AK-47 rifles
and pistols given to Iraqi security forces in 2004 and 2005, or
about half the weapons earmarked for soldiers and police.
2007 Jul 31, The US Army
censured retired three-star Lt. Gen. Philip Kensinger for a "perfect
storm of mistakes, misjudgments and a failure of leadership" after
the 2004 friendly-fire death in Afghanistan of Army Ranger Pat
2007 Jul 31, In California
Michael Schneider (44), a Hillsborough real estate broker, pleaded
no contest in Santa Clara County to 173 felony counts related to
bilking investors out of more than $43 million. He faced as much as
169 years in prison.
(SFC, 8/2/07, p.B3)
2007 Jul 31, In northern
California the governing board of Oakland’s troubled Univ.
Preparatory Charter Academy closed the school leaving over 400
students in the lurch.
(SFC, 8/1/07, p.A1)
2007 Jul 31, Johnson &
Johnson said it would reduce its global work force by up to 4
percent, or up to 4,820 jobs, to cut costs due to slumping sales of
heart stents and its No. 2 drug, plus looming patent expirations.
2007 Jul 31, Rupert Murdoch's
News Corp. was expected to reach a definitive agreement to buy Dow
Jones & Co. Inc., capping his three-month pursuit of the
publisher of the Wall Street Journal, as the Bancroft gave approval
for Murdoch's $60-per-share bid.
2007 Jul 31, A new study
reported that drinking wine or beer every day increases the risk of
bowel cancer. The British Daily Telegraph reported 35,000 people are
diagnosed each year with bowel cancer and that it kills 16,100 a
2007 Jul 31, Norman Cohn (92),
English historian, died. He studied the links between apocalyptic
Medieval sects and 20th century totalitarianism and genocide. His
1957 book: "Pursuit of the Millennium: Revolutionary Millenarians
and Mystical Anarchists of the Middle Ages" drew parallels between
millenarian movements in the Middle Ages and the rise of
2007 Jul 31, In central
Afghanistan police discovered the body of a second South Korean
hostage, and the Taliban threatened to kill more captives if their
demands were not met by a new deadline. A suicide car bomber blew
himself up near a convoy of US troops on the outskirts of Kabul,
leaving up to 7 civilians and three soldiers wounded.
2007 Jul 31, ASEAN Plus Three
foreign ministers gathered in Manila on the eve of high-level
security talks. ARF, which includes the United States, European
Union, India, Pakistan, North and South Korea and other countries,
and will also hold talks here on Aug 1-2.
2007 Jul 31, The British army
marked a milestone of peacemaking as it formally ended its 38-year
mission to bolster security in Northern Ireland.
2007 Jul 31, In Cambodia Kang
Kek Ieu (alias Duch), a former Khmer Rouge prison chief, was charged
with crimes against humanity and detained by Cambodia's UN-backed
tribunal in the first legal action taken by the court against regime
2007 Jul 31, In Canada John
Felderhof, the lone remaining key figure in the multibillion-dollar
Bre-X gold fraud, was found not guilty. It took almost seven years
to reach the not guilty verdict in the trial of the only person to
be prosecuted in the massive Bre-X gold fraud, leading Canadians to
ask once again if the country isn't too soft on corporate crime.
2007 Jul 31, China’s state
media reported another 27 deaths from flooding and landslides in
different parts of the country.
2007 Jul 31, In Egypt US Sec.
of State Rice and Defense Secretary Robert Gates made a joint show
of diplomatic force during two days of meetings with Arab allies,
part of an 11th-hour effort to rally diplomatic and practical help
for the US-backed Shiite-led government in Baghdad. The tour opened
talks on a proposed US arms package for Arab states worth more than
$20 billion. US officials extended a 10-year pledge to continue $1.3
billion in annual aid to Egypt’s military. Military aid to Israel
was raised to $3 billion. Weapons sales to Saudi Arabia and 5
smaller monarchies was said to be $20 billion. Total US military aid
to the region over the next decade amounted to $63 billion.
(AP, 7/31/07)(Econ, 8/4/07, p.39)
2007 Jul 31, An Indian
anti-terror court sentenced Bollywood film star Sanjay Dutt to six
years in jail for illegal weapons possession in connection with
serial bombings in Mumbai in 1993. Dutt was freed on bail after 22
days in jail. In 2013 India's Supreme Court upheld the weapons
(AP, 7/31/07)(Econ, 8/4/07, p.38)(AP,
2007 Jul 31, In Iraq
al-Maliki's government faced a threat by the main Sunni bloc in
parliament to withdraw its Cabinet members if he doesn't meet a
series of demands. At least 11 people were killed or found dead
nationwide, including three Iraqi police in a drive-by shooting and
one soldier in a roadside bombing. A teacher also was shot to death
while driving to work in a mainly Sunni neighborhood in Baghdad. An
explosively-formed penetrator, or EFP, detonated near a US soldiers'
patrol during combat operations, killing 3 with 6 wounded. Another
US soldier was killed by small arms fire in a separate incident. Two
US soldiers were killed in a mortar or rocket attack.
(AP, 7/31/07)(AP, 8/1/07)(AP, 8/2/07)
2007 Jul 31, Pro-government and
independent candidates swept local elections in Jordan, including
the first-ever vote for city mayors. The Islamist main opposition
group withdrew from Jordan's first mayoral elections and accused the
government of fraud.
(AP, 7/31/07)(AP, 8/2/07)
2007 Jul 31, In Mexico the
bodies of Josue Hernandez (32) and Anibal Sanchez (30), both agents
with Mexico's Federal Agency of Investigation, were found in
Guerrero state, where they were gathering intelligence on drug
traffickers. The agents had taken part in a raid that discovered
$205 million in cash in a Mexico City mansion.
2007 Jul 31, In Mozambique 5
soldiers were killed when an army truck carrying munitions that were
about to be destroyed exploded near the country's main airport.
2007 Jul 31, In Nigeria Peter
Ogwuma, a staff (member) of Elf Petroleum, was abducted as he was
about to leave the church for home.
2007 Jul 31, In northwestern
Pakistan government troops backed by helicopter gunships repelled an
attack on a military checkpoint near Miran Shah, killing 18 Islamic
militants. A local lawmaker said the 18 people killed were tribesmen
and not militants.
(AP, 7/31/07)(SFC, 8/1/07, p.A15)(AFP, 8/2/07)
2007 Jul 31, In northern Sri
Lanka hundreds of ethnic Sinhalese civilians fled three villages,
claiming the government had failed to protect them from attacks by
Tamil Tiger rebels.
2007 Jul 31, A senior Sudanese
official said floods and heavy rains have caused 23,000 mudbrick
homes to collapse and killed at least 62 people across Sudan this
month. In southern Darfur Mahria Arab tribesmen attacked Terjem
Arabs killing over 60 Terjem. Conflict between Arab tribes was on
the increase and included clashes between the Habanniya and Salamat
(AP, 7/31/07)(SFC, 9/3/07, p.A16)
2007 Jul 31, The UN Security
Council approved a 26,000 strong peacekeeping force for Darfur, to
try to end 4 years of fighting that has killed over 200,000.
(SFC, 8/1/07, p.A13)
2007 Jul 31, Zimbabwe's central
bank introduced yet another higher denomination banknote as it
grappled with runaway inflation which is rendering lower-value
banknotes useless. The new 200,000-Zimbabwe dollar bearer check is
worth 800 US dollars at the official rate and one US dollar at the
parallel market rate.
2008 Jul 31, The US Congress
approved legislation that will allow the State Department to settle
all remaining lawsuits against Libya by US terrorism victims.
2008 Jul 31, California’s Gov.
Schwarzenegger ordered the layoffs of thousands of state workers
along with steep pay cuts for most other state employees to ease the
state’s budget gap of $17.2 billion.
(SFC, 8/1/08, p.A1)
2008 Jul 31, A US Virgin
Islands hospital fired four board members after a US government
audit found alleged financial mismanagement and the use of taxpayer
money to fund lucrative pay packages for top administrators.
2008 Jul 31, Booz Allen
Hamilton, a consulting firm on cybersecurity, split from Booz &
Co., in order to focus on the public sector. Booz & Co.
continued focused on the private sector. Their non-compete agreement
expired in August, 2011.
2008 Jul 31, Exxon Mobil Corp.
reported second-quarter earnings of $11.68 billion, the biggest
quarterly profit ever by any US corporation, but the results were
well short of Wall Street expectations and its shares fell.
2008 Jul 31, Scientists
reported that Phoenix spacecraft robot has confirmed the presence of
frozen water lurking below the Martian permafrost.
2008 Jul 31, Ivan Miranda (14)
was killed in the SF Excelsior district in a gang motivated attack.
Rony Aguilera (17), an illegal immigrant from Honduras, was charged
in the sword attack. Aguilera had veen arrested in 2007 in an
assault case, but was not referred to federal authorities under a
recently discarded city sanctuary ordnance. In 2009 Walter
Chinchilla-Linar (23) and Cesar Alvarado (19), alleged members of
MS-13 street gang, were charged with the stabbing death of Miranda.
(SFC, 11/14/08, p.A1)(SFC, 10/23/09, p.A12)
2008 Jul 31, In Wisconsin a
gunman opened fire on a group of young adults from Michigan killing
3, aged 17-19, along the Menominee riverbank in the town of Niagara.
The next day police arrested Scott J. Johnson (38). He had a raped a
woman near the same site the evening before the murders. In 2009
Johnson was sentenced to life in prison without parole.
(AP, 8/2/08)(SFC, 5/22/09, p.A6)
2008 Jul 31, A small jet
crashed while preparing to land at Degner Regional Airport in
Minnesota killing 8 people including several casino and construction
(WSJ, 7/31/08, p.A2)
2008 Jul 31, Brazilian
President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva launched the Amazon Fund to
provide grants to projects intended to stop the Amazon rainforest
(Econ, 8/9/08, p.37)
2008 Jul 31, Haitian lawmakers
ratified Michele Pierre-Louis to be the country's prime minister,
ending more than three months of political bickering and deadlock in
2008 Jul 31, At least 36 Hindu
pilgrims from Nepal were killed when their bus plunged into a river
in the mountainous northern Indian state of Uttarakhand.
2008 Jul 31, In Iraq a suicide
car bomber rammed an explosives-laden vehicle into the wall of a
police station near the northern city of Mosul, killing three
policemen and wounding four. A judge died of wounds suffered in an
attack the day before in Mosul. Insurgents clashed with US-allied
Sunni Arab fighters and killed one of them near the village of
al-Waib, south of Baqouba.
2008 Jul 31, A mortar shell hit
a house in the Swat valley where Pakistani security forces are
battling Islamic militants, killing a family of seven. Another 10
civilians died in fighting in the region. Militants torched a nearby
(AP, 7/31/08)(SFC, 8/1/08, p.A10)
2008 Jul 31, Palestinian
President Mahmoud Abbas ordered the release of all Hamas activists
detained in recent days by his security forces.
2008 Jul 31, Russia’s Pres.
Medvedev said that he had signed an anticorruption plan and that he
was serious about clamping down on graft.
(WSJ, 7/31/08, p.A6)
2008 Jul 31, South Korea's
Constitutional Court overturned a ban on doctors telling parents the
gender of unborn babies, saying the country has grown out of a
preference for sons and that the restriction violates parents' right
2008 Jul 31, Sri Lanka’s army
troops crossed into Kilinochchi district, where the rebels' de facto
capital is located, in fighting for the first time in 11 years.
2008 Jul 31, Sudanese courts
sentenced another 22 alleged Darfur rebels to death over an
unprecedented attack on the capital last May in which more than 222
people were killed.
2008 Jul 31, In Thailand the
wife of ousted PM Thaksin Shinawatra was found guilty of evading
millions of dollars in taxes and sentenced to three years in prison,
dealing a staggering blow to a man who was once one of the richest
and most powerful in Thailand.
2008 Jul 31, Turkey’s Deputy PM
Cemil Cicek signaled the government would not push for a fresh round
of legislation to lift the head scarf ban.
2008 Jul 31, Fourteen of the UN
security council's 15 members voted in favor of Resolution 1828 to
extend the mandate of the joint UN-African Union peacekeeping force
in Darfur (UNAMID) for one year from this day, when it had been set
to expire. The United States abstained in the vote because language
added to the resolution noting concern that any indictment of Beshir
might jeopardize the Darfur peace process.
2008 Jul 31, Venezuela’s Pres.
Chavez said his government will nationalize Banco de Venezuela, the
local unit of the Spanish banking giant Banco Santander.
(WSJ, 7/31/08, p.A6)
2009 Jul 31, California
authorities said the white striped fruit fly has been found in
Southern California, marking the first detection of the Southeast
Asian pest in the Western Hemisphere. Several thousand traps were
soon placed in the La Verne area of eastern Los Angeles County,
where 7 of the flies were found.
(SFC, 8/1/09, p.A4)
2009 Jul 31, A jury ordered
Joel Tenenbaum (b.1983), a student at Boston Univ., to pay damages
of $675,000 for sharing 30 songs over the Internet. He was later
ordered to destroy his illegal music files — but a judge declined to
force him to stop promoting the activity.
(Econ, 9/5/09, TQ
2009 Jul 31, The space shuttle
Endeavour returned to Florida after over 2 weeks aloft and a
successful construction job that boosted the size and power of the
international space station.
2009 Jul 31, In Afghanistan a
US service member died in the south of the country. In Geneva the UN
issued a report stating that the number of civilians killed in
conflict in Afghanistan has jumped 24% so far this year, with
bombings by insurgent and airstrikes by international forces the
biggest single killers.
2009 Jul 31, UN human rights
experts asked Azerbaijan to stop curbing free speech and to protect
journalists from harassment, violence and even murder.
2009 Jul 31, In southeastern
Bangladesh landslides caused by heavy monsoon rains killed 10
2009 Jul 31, Britain's defense
ministry said Sikh soldiers have begun guarding the monarch and her
treasures. “Regiments take it in turn to stand in for the Household
Division and it just happens that two of the soldiers this time
round are Sikh."
2009 Jul 31, In Colombia at
least eight former officials of the domestic intelligence agency
surrendered to face criminal charges for allegedly spying illegally
on opponents of President Alvaro Uribe including judges, journalists
and human rights workers.
2009 Jul 31, Cuba suspended
plans for a Communist Party congress and lowered its 2009 economic
growth projection from 2.5% to 1.7%, as the island's economy
struggled through a "very serious" crisis.
2009 Jul 31, An Indian court
issued a warrant for the arrest of Warren Anderson, the former head
of the American chemical company responsible for a gas leak that
killed at least 10,000 people in Bhopal 25 years ago. Anderson was
the head of Union Carbide Corp. when its factory in the central
Indian city leaked 40 tons of poisonous gas on Dec. 3, 1984, in the
world's worst industrial disaster. In 1989, Union Carbide paid $470
million in compensation to the Indian government and said officials
were responsible for the cleanup. India said its efforts were slowed
when Midland, Mich.-based Dow Chemical Co. took over Union Carbide
in 2001, seven years after Union Carbide sold its interest in the
2009 Jul 31, Iran detained 3
Americans after they mistakenly crossed the border from northern
Iraq. They crossed into Iranian territory while hiking in a
mountainous area near the town of Ahmed Awaa. Freelance journalist
Shane Bauer, Sara Shourd and Josh Fattal, all graduates of the
University of California, Berkeley, were detained after apparently
straying across the border while hiking in Iraq's northern Kurdish
(AP, 8/1/09)(AP, 11/9/09)
2009 Jul 31, In Iraq bombs
exploded near five Shiite mosques in Baghdad, killing at least 29
people, in an apparent coordinated attack that targeted worshippers
leaving Friday prayers. Iraqi police announced they had recovered
millions of dollars stolen on July 28 from a state-run bank in a
robbery that left eight guards dead.
2009 Jul 31, The Irish Times
newspaper won a long-running legal battle to protect the identity of
a key source who provided documents showing that former PM Bertie
Ahern was under investigation for corruption. Colm Keena and
Geraldine Kennedy had refused to comply with an October 2007 High
Court judgment ordering them to identify their source for the
confidential documents from a fact-finding tribunal into political
corruption. The scandal spurred Ahern to resign in May 2008 after 11
years in power.
2009 Jul 31, In Mexico
assailants gunned down five men and a woman in a pool hall in the
border city of Ciudad Juarez.
2009 Jul 31, Anuradha Koirala,
the founder of Nepalese charity Maiti Nepal, said British actress
Joanna Lumley has agreed to be its international ambassador. The
charity helps victims of human trafficking.
2009 Jul 31, Nigeria's national
police claimed victory over a radical Islamist sect after its leader
was killed by security forces. Experts warned revenge attacks could
occur and a leading human rights group demanded a probe into the
killing. At least 300 people were killed in violence that erupted in
several states around northern Nigeria since July 26.
2009 Jul 31, Pakistan's Supreme
Court ruled that former Pres. Pervez Musharraf's imposition of
emergency rule in 2007 was unconstitutional.
2009 Jul 31, Turkey's navy
commandos aboard a frigate captured seven pirates in the Gulf of
Aden off Somalia's coast. Turkish commandos had captured five other
pirates in a similar operation in the Gulf of Aden a week ago.
2009 Jul 31, Venezuelan
regulators revoked the broadcast rights of 34 radio stations for
allegedly failing to submit the proper paperwork to the broadcasting
regulator, deepening a rift between President Chavez's government
and the private media. Venezuelan lawmakers approved an election law
to redraw voting districts, a step that President Hugo Chavez's
opponents say will give his party a big advantage in next year's
(AP, 7/31/09)(AP, 8/1/09)(Econ, 8/8/09, p.32, 34)
2009 Jul 31, A new study by the
Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation and Vietnam's ministry of
defense said more than one-third of the land in six central
Vietnamese provinces remained contaminated with land mines and
unexploded bombs from the Vietnam War.
2009 Jul 31, Global Witness,
which monitors the exploitation of natural resources, backed calls
for a ban on trading in Zimbabwe diamonds due to human rights abuses
in mining of the gem.
2010 Jul 31, Mitch Miller
(b.1911), musician, conductor and producer, died in New York. His TV
show, “Sing Along With Mitch" aired from 1961-1964.
(SFC, 8/3/10, p.C3)
2010 Jul 31, Afghanistan’s
national disaster authority chief said flash floods have killed at
least 65 people and affected more than 1,000 families.
2010 Jul 31, A Canadian
waterbombing plane with 2 crew members crashed while fighting the
blaze in British Columbia. 318 forest fires were burning across
British Columbia, with the largest covering 25 square km (10 square
2010 Jul 31, In northern China
an explosion ripped through a workers' dormitory area in Linfen
city, Shanxi province, and killed at least 15 people at the Liugou
mine, a coal mine notorious for mining disasters.
2010 Jul 31, Across Indian
Kashmir violence continued to rage with two people shot dead and
five wounded after police in two towns opened fire on protesters who
attacked their camps and pelted them with rocks.
2010 Jul 31, A senior Iranian
official said China has invested around 40 billion dollars in the
Islamic republic's oil and gas sector.
2010 Jul 31, In Iraq a roadside
bomb killed four people, including three army soldiers, and wounded
11 people south of Baghdad.
2010 Jul 31, Israeli warplanes
fired missiles killing Issa Batran (42), a senior commander of the
Hamas military wing, and wounding 11 people in five targets hit
across Gaza overnight. Hamas said 8 of its supporters and 3
civilians were also wounded in the overnight airstrikes and vowed
2010 Jul 31, In southern Italy
an apartment building collapsed in Afragola, a small town near
Naples. Rescue workers said they have pulled the bodies of 3 people
from the wreckage, including a little girl.
2010 Jul 31, Mexican federal
police rescued two kidnapped news cameramen in the northern city of
Gomez Palacio, Coahuila state, five days after they were seized by
drug traffickers in a bid to get their employers to broadcast cartel
2010 Jul 31, Mexico said it
will send its ambassador back to Honduras next week, recognizing the
government of Honduran President Porfirio Lobo a year after his
predecessor was ousted by a military-backed coup.
2010 Jul 31, Pakistani
officials said flooding has killed more than 800 people in a week as
rescuers struggled to reach marooned victims and some evacuees
showed signs of fever, diarrhea and other waterborne diseases.
2010 Jul 31, Qatar's emir made
a high-profile visit to south Lebanon, a Hezbollah stronghold
destroyed in a 2006 war with Israel and whose rebuilding the emirate
is helping finance.
2010 Jul 31, Russian police
arrested a leading Kremlin opponent and dozens of fellow activists
at a demonstration demanding freedom of assembly.
2010 Jul 31, In Russia raging
wildfires spread across parts of western Russia, engulfing 30
percent more land in just 24 hours. PM Vladimir Putin described the
situation as very difficult.
2010 Jul 31, Land mines began
washing up on South Korean shores, apparently swept down from North
Korea by torrential rains. One killed a man and wounded another.
2010 Jul 31, The Tanzanian
island of Zanzibar voted to form a unity government after October
elections in an effort to avoid a repeat of previous electoral
violence that killed dozens of people.
2010 Jul 31, In Uganda more
than 50 people died after a boat they were traveling in capsized on
Lake Albert. The boat was carrying between 70 and 80 people, but
only five survivors have been found and 17 bodies recovered.
2010 Jul 31, UNESCO added seven
cultural sites to its World Heritage List including Bikini Atoll in
the Marshall Islands, home to nuclear bomb testing in the 1940s and
1950s. Also added to the list were the Turaif District in Saudi
Arabia; Australia's penal colony sites; the Jantar Mantar
astronomical observation site in India; a shrine in Ardabil in Iran;
the Tabriz historic bazaar complex, also in Iran; and the historic
villages of Hahoe and Yangdong in South Korea.
2011 Jul 31, President Barack
Obama and Republican congressional leaders reached historic
agreement on a compromise to permit vital US borrowing by the
Treasury in exchange for more than $2 trillion in long-term spending
cuts. The Treasury's authority to borrow would be extended beyond
the 2012 elections. No votes were scheduled in either house of
Congress before Aug 1, to give rank and file lawmakers time to
review the package.
2011 Jul 31, A top Afghan
prosecutor said up to 40 people were allegedly involved in scams to
bilk hundreds of millions of dollars from Kabul Bank, which nearly
collapsed last year. Deputy Attorney General Rahmatullah Nazari said
that nearly half the cases will be referred to Afghan courts next
(AP, 7/31/11)(AFP, 7/31/11)
2011 Jul 31, In Afghanistan 12
policemen and a child were killed when a suicide car bomber struck
outside police headquarters in the southern city of Lashkar Gah. 3
foreign troops died “as a result of a non-battle related injury" in
the west. Another ISAF soldier died after an insurgent attack in the
south. A NATO airstrike in the Wama district of Nuristan province,
near the border with Pakistan, killed four Afghan police officers at
a checkpoint. Coalition forces detained 12 police officers following
(AFP, 7/31/11)(AP, 8/1/11)
2011 Jul 31, Chinese police
shot dead 5 terrorist suspects and 6 civilians in Xinjiang province,
bringing to 18 the death toll in weekend violence in the troubled
ethnic region. This followed a day of clashes in Kashgar that killed
7 people and injured 22. Minority Uighurs have been blamed for
previous violence in the region.
(AP, 7/31/11)(SFC, 8/1/11, p.A2)
2011 Jul 31, In Dominica 3
masked men brandishing a machete, a hatchet and a plank of wood
demanded money from the US couple outside their Pagua Bay House
hotel and restaurant in Marigot. Irish national Joseph Costello was
attacked when he rushed from his hotel room to help. He was
pronounced dead at the scene.
2011 Jul 31, In India B.S.
Yeddyurappa (68), head of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata
Party government in Karnataka state, resigned. He was accused of
being at the center of a $3.6 billion mining fraud.
2011 Jul 31, In India hundreds
of protesters took to the streets of New Delhi for India's first
"Slut Walk," to protest at an alarming rise in sexual assault cases
and the growing sense of insecurity among women.
2011 Jul 31, In eastern
Indonesia clashes between supporters of rival candidates in upcoming
local elections killed 17 people and injured dozens in remote Papua
2011 Jul 31, Japan’s PM Naoto
Kan criticized the country's nuclear safety agency for allegedly
trying to plant questions aimed at supporting atomic energy at
public forums. An estimated 1,700 people rallied in the capital of
the Fukushima region, home to a crippled atomic power plant, calling
for an end to nuclear energy.
(AP, 7/31/11)(AFP, 7/31/11)
2011 Jul 31, Libya's rebels
overran the base of a rogue faction, members of the al-Nidaa
Brigade, suspected of breaking pro-Gadhafi fighters out of an
opposition prison. The violence came two days after suspected
al-Nidaa members attacked two prisons in Benghazi, facilitating the
escape of some 200 to 300 inmates, including mercenaries,
pro-Gadhafi fighters and regime loyalists.
2011 Jul 31, Tropical storm
Mufia, named after a Chinese flower, approached the Philippines. It
had already left 2 people dead and caused the 2,400-ton MV Trans
Asia Malaysia cargo ship to sink. All 155 aboard were rescued.
2011 Jul 31, Russian police
detained dozens of antigovernment activists in Moscow and St.
Petersburg. Opposition leaders have called for demonstrations on the
last day of every month with 31 days in reference to the 31st
Article of the Russian Constitution, which guarantees freedom of
(SFC, 8/1/11, p.A2)
2011 Jul 31, In Russia an
overloaded motor boat crashed into the docked Oka barge on the
Moscow River in pre-dawn darkness, killing nine of the 16 people on
2011 Jul 31, Serbia's
parliament, after a heated 10-hour debate, passed a resolution
calling for a peaceful resolution of the nation's worst crisis with
Kosovo since the province declared independence three years go.
2011 Jul 31, In Somalia tens of
thousands of famine-stricken refugees were cold and drenched after
torrential rains pounded their makeshift structures overnight,
leading to appeals for aid. The World Food Program said it cannot
reach 2.2 million Somalis who live in al-Shabab controlled territory
in south-central Somalia. Armed men in Mogadishu shot and killed
Somali lawmaker Kalif Jire Warfa.
(AP, 7/31/11)(AFP, 8/1/11)
2011 Jul 31, Syrian security
forces reportedly killed at least 74 people, including 55 in Hama,
in an escalation of the crackdown on protests ahead of the Muslim
holy month of Ramadan. State-run news agency SANA said that gunmen
in Hama and Deir el-Zour had erected barricades and sand barriers in
the streets, and that extremists in Hama torched police stations and
that 2 policemen, an officer and 2 soldiers were killed.
(AP, 7/31/11)(AP, 8/1/11)
2011 Jul 31, In Uganda a huge
fire gutted the largest market in central Kampala destroying
merchandise worth hundreds of thousands of dollars. Much of the
Owino market was destroyed by fire in 2009.
2011 Jul 31, In southern Yemen
at least 15 suspected Al-Qaeda militants were killed in army air
raids in and around the restive city of Zinjibar.
2011 Jul 31, In northern
Zimbabwe 19 people were reported killed when the commuter bus they
were traveling in lost a wheel and veered off the road in the town
2012 Jul 31, Timothy Hanretty
(55), a former assistant superintendent of Woodside schools, pleaded
no contest in San Mateo County, Ca., to misappropriating millions in
public money and to billing another school district for remodeling
work on his home. On Oct 22 Hanretty was sentenced to two years in
(SFC, 8/2/12, p.C2)(SFC, 10/23/12, p.C2)
2012 Jul 31, Gore Vidal
(b.1925), American author, screenwriter and playwright, died at his
home in Hollywood Hills. His 1948 work “The City and the Pillar"
explored gay life in America. His 25 novels included “Lincoln"
(1984) and “Myra Breckenridge" (1968). In 2015 Jay Parini authored
“Empire of Self: A Life of Gore Vidal."
8/1/12, p.A10) (Econ, 8/11/12, p.82)(Econ, 8/22/15, p.70)
2012 Jul 31, In eastern
Afghanistan insurgents pulled four civilians off a minibus, shot
them and left their bodies on the side of the road.
2012 Jul 31, Australian police
seized a record half a ton of methamphetamine and heroin worth up to
A$500 million ($525 million) hidden in a shipment of terracotta pots
from Thailand. Seven people, including four from Hong Kong, were
arrested after a year-long investigation following a tip-off from US
2012 Jul 31, UN diplomats said
CongoDRC government forces have abandoned villages to rebel M23
forces in the east after running out of ammunition, amid mounting
concern over the new conflict.
2012 Jul 31, The French
Parliament approved legislation making sexual harassment a crime.
(SFC, 8/1/12, p.A2)
2012 Jul 31, In India a massive
power failure hit the country for the second day running as three
regional power grids collapsed, blacking out more than half the
country in a crisis affecting over 600 million people. This was the
world’s largest ever blackout.
(AFP, 7/31/12)(Econ 7/29/17, p.31)
2012 Jul 31, In Iraq twin car
bombs in Baghdad targeted the security headquarters killing 21
people, while another attack west of the capital left two people
(AFP, 7/31/12)(AFP, 8/1/12)(SFC, 8/14/12, p.A2)
2012 Jul 31, Israel's defense
minister Ehud Barak instructed the military to start drafting
ultra-Orthodox Jewish men as it does other Israelis, setting up a
potential clash over an issue that has divided the country for
decades. 60,000 ultra-Orthodox men of military age do not serve
today. Only 1,300 ultra-Orthodox agreed to be drafted this year.
2012 Jul 31, The Japanese
operator of the nuclear power plant devastated in last year's
disasters received a 1 trillion yen ($12.8 billion) bailout, putting
it under government ownership, while international experts visited
another plant that survived the tsunami's impact.
2012 Jul 31, Several areas
across Lebanon, including parts of the capital Beirut, witnessed
power cuts as the national electricity company warned of a
nationwide blackout following a strike by its employees.
2012 Jul 31, Malawi vowed to
press on with oil and gas exploration on Lake Malawi, dismissing a
demand by Tanzania, which claims half of the lake, to halt
prospecting. Mozambique also owns part of the lake.
2012 Jul 31, Mexican
prosecutors formally lodged drug charges against four high-ranking
(SFC, 8/1/12, p.A2)
2012 Jul 31, In central Morocco
a collision between a bus and a lorry killed at least 12 people and
left one critically injured.
2012 Jul 31, Pakistan signed a
deal with the United States allowing NATO convoys to travel into
Afghanistan until the end of 2015, seeking to draw a line under a
7-month border blockade.
2012 Jul 31, In Poland US
Republican presidential contender Mitt Romney said Poland's economy
is a model of small government and free enterprise that other
nations should emulate as they struggle with recession. This was his
final stop on a three-nation tour designed to boost his foreign
policy resume with voters back home.
2012 Jul 31, Russian
authorities charged Alexei Navalny (36), an anti-corruption crusader
and critic of Pres. Putin, of organizing a scheme to steal assets
from a state timber company totaling about half a million dollars.
(SFC, 8/1/12, p.A5)
2012 Jul 31, Russian internet
entrepreneur Yuri Milner announced that he will give $3 million each
year to the most influential thinker in fundamental physics. Nine
physicists received the first Breakthrough prizes this year.
(Econ, 8/4/12, p.70)(Econ, 12/10/16, p.77)
2012 Jul 31, In Somalia gunmen
in Mogadishu shot dead Abdi Jeylani Malaq Marshale, a well-known
comedian known for poking fun at Al-Qaeda linked Shebab insurgents.
2012 Jul 31, In Sudan at least
eight people died as police and anti-regime protesters clashed in
the South Darfur state capital Nyala.
2012 Jul 31, Syrian rebels
attacked key military targets and overran two police stations in
Aleppo, killing 40 officers, as fighting there stretched into its
11th day. In the southern province of Daraa, regime troops shelled a
camp for displaced persons as the towns of Tafas and Al-Ghariyeh
also came under shelling, leaving an unknown number of casualties.
(AFP, 7/31/12)(AP, 7/31/12)
2012 Jul 31, Venezuela was
officially welcomed into the Mercosur trade bloc as Brazilian
President Dilma Rousseff hosted Argentina's President Cristina
Fernandez and Uruguay's Jose Mujica along with Chavez for the
one-day Mercosur meeting in Brasilia.
2012 Jul 31, In Yemen a
firefight erupted between Yemeni security forces and gunmen, dressed
in police uniforms, who had been surrounding the headquarters of the
interior ministry. The gunmen, who were previously working
unofficially in Yemen's police department, had been surrounding the
ministry's headquarters in Al-Hasaba district of Sanaa since July
29, demanding that they be enrolled back into the impoverished
country's police force. The clashes that left at least 15 people
killed and 43 wounded.
(AFP, 7/31/12)(AP, 7/31/12)
2013 Jul 31, A US federal
appeals court ruled that football players can sue Electronic Arts,
based in Redwood City, Ca., over the use of their images in video
(SFC, 8/1/13, p.A10)
2013 Jul 31, The City Council
of Oakland, Ca., ruled that clubs, spray-paint cans, hammers,
sling-shots, fire accelerants and wrenches can no longer be carried
during local demonstrations.
(SFC, 8/1/13, p.A1)
2013 Jul 31, In Afghanistan
NATO helicopter personnel mistakenly killed 5 Afghan police officers
in Nangarhar province. A Taliban ambush left an official and 3 other
people dead in the country's south. Taliban fighters shot and killed
a tribal elder for allegedly cooperating with the Afghan government,
sparking retaliation from the family and other villagers in the
Sherzad district of Nangarhar province.
(AP, 8/1/13)(SFC, 8/2/13, p.A5)(AP, 8/3/13)
2013 Jul 31, The UN said that
civilian casualties in Afghanistan had dramatically increased by 23%
in the first six months of the year and blamed the insurgency for
the vast majority of the dead and wounded.
2013 Jul 31, Bahrain's King
Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa toughened penalties in anti-terrorism laws
before planned anti-government protests this month, approving
proposals that have alarmed human rights groups which fear a
crackdown on the demonstrations.
2013 Jul 31, Britain’s Guardian
newspaper reported that a top-secret US national Security Agency
program called XKeyscore allows an analysts to search with no prior
authorization through vast databases containing e-mails, online
chats and the browsing histories of millions of individuals.
(SSFC, 8/4/13, p.A4)(Econ, 8/3/13, p.23)
2013 Jul 31, Cambodia's
long-serving leader, Hun Sen, said his party was ready to talk to
the opposition after both sides claimed victory in the July 28
2013 Jul 31, Cuba’s public
health ministry said 7 people have died after drinking wood alcohol,
or industrial methanol, they thought was rum. By Aug 2 the death
toll rose to 11 with more than 40 people hospitalized.
(Reuters, 7/31/13)(Reuters, 8/2/13)
2013 Jul 31, Officials and
bankers said Iran and Syrian authorities signed a deal this week to
activate a $3.6 billion credit facility to buy oil products with
long term payment terms.
2013 Jul 31, In Iraq a carload
of gunmen sped through a commercial street in Baghdad's
Shiite-dominated Ur district and opened fire apparently at random,
killing 5 pedestrians and wounding nine others. In the suburb of
Nahrawan, also a majority-Shiite area, drive-by shooters sprayed
farmers in a pickup truck with bullets, killing 2 and wounded three.
The attacks including bombings of Shiite and Sunni mosques left 26
2013 Jul 31, Dissident Kazakh
oligarch Mukhtar Ablyazov (50), accused at home of embezzling more
than $5 billion, was arrested near the French Riviera resort of
Cannes. The next day he was told by a French judge that he faced
extradition, but his family vowed to fight an expulsion it said was
2013 Jul 31, A Kenyan court
awarded compensation to 11 victims of the largest illegal
deportation of terrorism suspects in Africa to countries with
appalling human rights records. Their 2007 deportation from Kenya to
Somalia and finally Ethiopia was ruled unlawful and
2013 Jul 31, In Libya Ahmed
Ibrahim, a former minister in the government of Muammar Gaddafi, was
sentenced to death for inciting violence against protesters during
the uprising that led to the Libyan dictator's overthrow.
2013 Jul 31, Manila's foreign
ministry said Washington will raise its military assistance to the
Philippines by about two-thirds, helping its oldest security ally in
Asia defend vast maritime borders against what it sees as Chinese
2013 Jul 31, In Russia police
in Moscow detained 1,200 Vietnamese who were in the country
illegally during a pre-dawn raid on a complex of small workshops.
2013 Jul 31, Syrian government
troops launched an assault to regain control of on Khan al-Assal, a
village on the outskirts of Aleppo that was the site of an alleged
chemical weapons attack earlier this year.
2013 Jul 31, Zimbabwe held
2014 Jul 31, Pres. Obama signed
an executive order to require federal contractors to give their
workers more rights in labor disputes.
(SFC, 8/1/14, p.A8)
2014 Jul 31, US Secretary of
State John Kerry and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced a
72-hour truce in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the most
ambitious attempt so far to end more than 3 weeks of fighting.
2014 Jul 31, The US CDC said a
US aid worker, infected with the deadly Ebola virus while working in
West Africa, will be flown to the US to be treated in a
high-security ward at Emory University Hospital in Atlanta.
2014 Jul 31, In Florida Richard
McTear (26) was convicted of murder for tossing a 3-month-old boy
out a moving car window in 2009 along an interstate, killing the
2014 Jul 31, In Chicago Anthony
DeFrances (60), a senior executive upset about a job demotion,
gravely wounded ArrowStream CEO Steven LaVoie in a downtown office
building and then fatally shot himself.
2014 Jul 31, The Wisconsin
Supreme Court upheld Act 10, the 2011 law that effectively ended
collective bargaining for most public workers.
2014 Jul 31, Warren Bennis
(b.1925) American pioneer on leadership studies, died. He produced
about 30 books on leadership including his classic “On Becoming a
(Econ, 8/9/14, p.57)
2014 Jul 31, Argentina’s stock
fell sharply as the country defaulted on its bills for the 2nd time
in 13 years.
(SFC, 8/1/14, p.A5)
2014 Jul 31, The European Court
of Human Rights awarded awarded fhe shareholders of now-defunct oil
producer Yukos $2.6 billion in compensation for Russia’s seizure of
its assets in 2006.
(Econ, 8/2/14, p.51)
2014 Jul 31, India's tough
diplomacy blocked a landmark world trade treaty late today, despite
last-ditch talks to rescue what would have been the first global
trade reform since the creation of the WTO 19 years ago.
2014 Jul 31, In Iraq car bomb
attacks in Baghdad left 21 dead.
2014 Jul 31, Israel said it
would not pull troops from Gaza until they finish destroying a
network of cross-border tunnels, despite sharp United Nations
criticism over the Palestinian civilian death toll.
2014 Jul 31, Kenyan President
Uhuru Kenyatta said a vast coastal zone nearly the size of
Luxembourg around a proposed multi-billion dollar port area had been
stolen “under dubious and corrupt circumstances" by 22 companies
between 2011 and 2012, fueling a wave of massacres. Kenyatta said he
ordered the lands ministry "to revoke and repossess these land
parcels with immediate effect."
2014 Jul 31, In Libya 2
Egyptians were killed when Libyan guards opened fire to disperse
them as they tried to cross the border to Tunisia.
2014 Jul 31, Mexican security
forces rescued 70 Central American migrants, including children, who
were being held captive in a house in the northern border state of
2014 Jul 31, Sierra Leone
leader Ernest Bai Koroma declared a state of emergency and as the
country struggled to contain the deadly Ebola epidemic.
(Yahoo News, 7/31/14)
2014 Jul 31, In Somalia a
member of Parliament was assassinated by Shebab guerrillas in
Mogadishu, the fifth this year.
2014 Jul 31, In Taiwan five
late night explosions caused by a gas leak in Kaohsiung the
country's second city killed 26 people, injured 267 and sent flames
shooting 15 storeys into the air.
(Reuters, 8/1/14)(SFC, 8/1/14, p.A2)(SFC, 8/2/14,
2014 Jul 31, In eastern Ukraine
an international team of investigators reached the crash site of the
Malaysia Airline Flight 17 for the first time.
2014 Jul 31, The World Health
Organization said the deaths of 57 more people from Ebola in west
Africa have pushed the overall fatality toll from the epidemic to
729, including 339 in Guinea, 156 in Liberia and 233 in Sierra
2015 Jul 31, WikiLeaks said the
US National Security Agency targeted Japanese politicians, its top
central banker and major firms for years, in the latest revelations
about Washington's snooping on allies.
2015 Jul 31, California's Gov.
Brown declared a state of emergency as 18 large wildfires raged
across the state.
2015 Jul 31, In Los Angeles
Moshe Matsri (49) was sentenced in federal court to 32 years in
prison on a slew of money laundering, drug and extortion charges.
Prosecutors said he was a leader of an Israeli organized crime ring
that moved drugs and money across the globe.
2015 Jul 31, In California a
wildfire began east of Fresno. By Sep 5 it covered 134 square miles
and was 25% contained.
(SSFC, 9/6/15, p.A5)
2015 Jul 31, An ASEAN official
said China and Southeast Asian nations have agreed to set up a
foreign ministers' hotline to tackle emergencies in the disputed
South China Sea.
2015 Jul 31, Bangladesh and
India hoisted their respective flags in 162 enclaves -- 111 in
Bangladesh and 51 in India -- to assume sovereignty over the
territories following a border agreement in June. Around 1,000
people on the Bangladesh side opted to keep their Indian
nationalities, meaning they will have to relocate by November.
2015 Jul 31, Brazil's
state-owned oil company received the equivalent of more than $20
million that was recovered as a result of an investigation into a
corruption-kickback scandal engulfing Petrobras. This represented
about 80 percent of the nearly $29 million repatriated in April from
a Swiss bank account opened by former Petrobras executive Pedro
Barusco. He's charged with receiving bribes from some of the
country's top construction firms.
2015 Jul 31, Britain's Serious
Fraud Office (SFO) said it has opened a criminal investigation into
Soma Oil and Gas following allegations of corruption in Somalia. On
August 3 Soma, a private company chaired by Lord Michael Howard,
denied paying more than half a million dollars to Somali government
officials to protect an oil exploration deal signed in 2013.
2015 Jul 31, Britain performed
an about-face and granted a six-month visa to dissident Chinese
artist Ai Weiwei, apologizing for rejecting his application over an
alleged criminal conviction.
2015 Jul 31, In southern
England a pilot and three passengers died when a Saudi-owned
executive jet crashed into a parking lot and burst into flames while
trying to land at Blackbushe Airport. The dead included a sister,
brother-in-law and stepmother of Osama bin Laden as well as the
plane's Jordanian pilot.
2015 Jul 31, Amnesty
International said Muslims in the western part of Central African
Republic are being forced to hide their religion or convert to
Christianity under threat of death by anti-Balaka militia.
2015 Jul 31, The Chadian army
said in a statement that 117 jihadist fighters and two soldiers have
died in an operation against Boko Haram Islamists holed up on the
islands of Lake Chad in the last two weeks with ongoing military
2015 Jul 31, Beijing was
awarded the 2022 Winter Olympics, capitalizing on its previous 2008
Summer Games experience and defying concerns about its air quality
and lack of natural snow.
2015 Jul 31, In Colombia 11
military personnel were killed when their Airbus CN235 transport
plane suffered motor failure and crashed in the northern province of
Cesar, killing all on board.
2015 Jul 31, A Picasso painting
was seized from a yacht by Corsican customs agents. Spain accused
the painting's owner, Jaime Botin (79), a well-known Spanish banker
whose family founded the Santander banking group, of trying to
illegally export it to Switzerland. Painted in 1906, "Head of a
Young Woman" is considered by Spain to be a national treasure.
(AFP, 8/11/15)(AP, 8/11/15)
2015 Jul 31, France’s
Constitutional Council confirmed the ban on the creation of new
cockfighting rings — called cockpits. The law, dating back to 1964,
aims to gradually get rid of all cockpits and therefore,
2015 Jul 31, Ghana's Medical
Association said more doctors working at public hospitals across the
country are set to join a strike demanding better working
2015 Jul 31, Researchers said
an Ebola test vaccine has provided blanket protection in a field
trial in Guinea, possibly heralding "the beginning of the end" for
the devastating West African outbreak that has killed thousands.
2015 Jul 31, India ordered
Internet service providers to block access to 857 adult websites in
what the government has described as a way to protect social
2015 Jul 31, In Iraq and Syria
the United States and its allies launched air strikes with 19 in
Iraq and 11 in Syria in the coalition campaign against Islamic State
2015 Jul 31, Israeli forces
shot Laith Khaldi (14) of the Jalazon refugee camp in the chest
during clashes near the Atara checkpoint. Khaldi died hours later in
hospital. A Palestinian man was killed and another wounded by
Israeli fire when they approached a security fence separating the
Gaza Strip from Israel.
2015 Jul 31, Five Libyan troops
loyal to the internationally recognized government were killed and
another 18 are missing after an attack on an eastern checkpoint
allegedly carried out by the Islamic State group.
2015 Jul 31, In Mexico Ruben
Espinosa Becerill (31), a photographer for the investigative
magazine Proceso, was found slain along with 4 women early in an
apartment in Mexico City. He had fled his home state of Veracruz
after being harassed. Authorities on August 4 arrested ex-convict
Daniel Pacheco Gutierrez in the latest case. On August 30
authorities arrested former police officer and ex-convict Abraham
Torres Tranquilino (24) in connection with the brutal slaying.
(AP, 8/1/15)(AP, 8/31/15)(SSFC, 5/21/17, p.E7)
2015 Jul 31, Myanmar
authorities said 21 people died in July following heavy rains, and
that between 67,000 and 110,000 people were "severely affected" by
2015 Jul 31, NATO allies agreed
on a package of measures to help strengthen Iraqi security and
defense forces, including in the fields of military training,
demining and countering improvised explosive devices.
2015 Jul 31, In northeastern
Nigeria a suicide bomber struck the crowded market city of Maiduguri
killing 6 people.
2015 Jul 31, Palestinian baby
Ali Dawabsheh (18 months) died and his parents were injured in a
fire started by Israeli settlers in the West Bank village of Doma.
Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Yaalon labelled the attack an act of
terrorism. The father of the toddler died August 8 from injuries he
suffered in the attack. The mother was buried on Sep 7 after she
died of her wounds overnight. Brother Ahmed was the sole survivor
from the immediate family but was left with severe burns. In 2018 an
Israeli court struck down some of the confessions of two Jewish
suspects in the arson attack, ruling that interrogators obtained
them by duress.
(AFP, 7/31/15)(AFP, 8/8/15)(AFP, 9/7/15)(Econ,
8/8/15, p.40)(AFP, 6/19/18)
2015 Jul 31, Senegal jailed
journalist Tamsir Jupiter Ndiaye to six months in prison for acts of
homosexuality. He was arrested in June after a young man accused him
of attempted rape.
(SFC, 8/1/15, p.A2)
2015 Jul 31, In South Sudan
thousands of civilians in Upper Nile state faced starvation after
the government blocked aid groups from using the Nile River to
deliver relief food.
2015 Jul 31, In Sri Lanka four
gunmen opened fire at campaign workers in Colombo, killing one woman
and wounding 12 people. The workers were campaigning for Finance
Minister Ravi Karunanayake of the United National Party.
(AP, 7/31/15)(AFP, 8/1/15)
2015 Jul 31, In Syria members
of al-Qaida launched an attack on the command headquarters of a
US-backed rebel faction in northern Syria, killing at least five
fighters. US-led coalition air strikes destroyed two key bridges
used by the Islamic State group on the Syrian side of the Iraqi
border. 25 rebels, including 3 senior commanders, were killed in a
failed attack on a makeshift army base outside the northern city of
Aleppo. 9 regime forces were also killed in the fighting that
erupted after several rebel groups launched the attack late today.
(AP, 7/31/15)(AFP, 7/31/15)(AFP, 8/1/15)
2015 Jul 31, In Venezuela
Gustavo Patinez (21) died of a gunshot wound to the chest and 60
people were detained following looting of supermarkets in the
southeastern city of Ciudad Guayana. President Nicolas Maduro said
the violence was premeditated and blamed the United States as being
2015 Jul 31, Southern Yemeni
fighters backed by a Saudi-led air coalition took more territory
from Houthi militiamen, expanding their control around the port city
of Aden. They reported 14 Houthis were killed and 40 captured. Local
officials said 9 soldiers were killed and 30 wounded in a car
bombing at an army base by suspected Islamist militants in southern
2016 Jul 31, In western
Nebraska 5 people died in a fiery car crash the forced the closure
of I-80 for several hours.
(SFC, 8/1/16, p.A5)
2016 Jul 31, In Austin, Texas,
Teqnika Moultrie (30) was killed and three other women were rushed
to a local hospital with gunshot wounds. The shooter was still at
large. A second, separate shooting incident in the area took place
just minutes later. On August 3 Endicott McCray (24) was arrested
outside Atlanta and charged with the murder of Moultrie. Police said
McCray had been trying to settle a score with his brother-in-law.
(AFP, 7/31/16)(SFC, 8/5/16, p.D7)
2016 Jul 31, An Afghan official
said Taliban attacks on the Kanashin district of Helmand province
have killed at least 24 police officers over the past two days. In
northern Jawzjan province, an official described "tough fighting"
after hundreds of insurgent fighters attacked the Qush Tepa district
with 4 Afghan security forces personnel killed.
2016 Jul 31, In Armenia two
more gunmen barricaded inside a police compound in Armenia's capital
surrendered and one more was shot and wounded by security forces who
are trying to end the two-week standoff. Twenty remaining gunmen
also surrendered after security forces used armored vehicles to
enter the compound.
(AP, 7/31/16)(SFC, 8/1/16, p.A2)
2016 Jul 31, Bangladesh
disaster management officials in Dhaka said lightning has killed 15
people over the the past two days.
2016 Jul 31, British PM Theresa
May set out a drive to tackle modern slavery, pledging more funding
and a new cross-government taskforce to help stamp out what she
called a "barbaric evil". She made the pledge as a review into the
2015 Modern Slavery Act.
2016 Jul 31, In the Dominican
Republic a storm knocked down power lines near the town of Nagua and
started a fire that killed 6 passengers on a bus.
(SFC, 8/2/16, p.A2)
2016 Jul 31, In Germany
thousands of demonstrators from the Turkish community turned out in
Cologne to show their support for Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan
at a rally that ratcheted up diplomatic tensions between Ankara and
Berlin. Germany is home to around 3 million people of Turkish
origin. A regional court ruled, however, that no messages from
speakers elsewhere, such as politicians in Turkey, could be shown on
a video screen at the rally.
(Reuters, 7/31/16)(AP, 8/1/16)
2016 Jul 31, In India at least
9 people were killed when a three-storey building collapsed in heavy
rains in a Mumbai suburb.
2016 Jul 31, India's foreign
minister said the government is providing food aid to thousands of
Indian workers in Saudi Arabia who are not able to buy food after
losing their jobs in the kingdom.
2016 Jul 31, Iraq's Defence
Minister Khalid al-Obeidi said that Islamic State group leaders and
their families have sold their belongings and fled Mosul as Iraqi
forces close in on the northern city.
2016 Jul 31, In northern Iraq
militants attacked a gas facility and oil field in Dibbis killing 5
people. 3 attackers were killed but firefighters were still trying
to extinguish a fire.
(AP, 7/31/16)(AFP, 7/31/16)
2016 Jul 31, Israel's cabinet
approved legislation aimed at loosening the grip of the country's
three largest banks on the credit supply market, despite opposition
by the IMF and a risk that the reform could flood the economy with
2016 Jul 31, In Japan veteran
politician Yuriko Koike (64), fluent in English and Arabic, was
elected as Tokyo's first woman governor.
2016 Jul 31, In western Libya
the mayor of Sabratha said more than 120 bodies of migrants who died
trying to cross the Mediterranean to Europe have washed up around
his town this month.
2016 Jul 31, Palestinian Rami
Awartani (31), armed with a knife, charged at Israeli soldiers on
the outskirts of of Nablus in the occupied West Bank and was shot
2016 Jul 31, In Poland Pope
Francis encouraged hundreds of thousands of young people at
the end of World Youth Day to "believe in a new humanity" that is
stronger than evil and refuses to see borders as barriers.
2016 Jul 31, In Somalia 6
people were killed in a gun and car-bomb assault on a police
building in the center of Mogadishu. 7 assailants were also left
2016 Jul 31, In southern Syria
a government airstrike on a hospital in opposition-controlled Jasem
put the facility out of service. It was targeted in one of several
airstrikes to hit the town in Deraa province. 6 people were reported
killed in the strikes.
2016 Jul 31, The Islamic State
called on its group members to carry out jihad in Russia in a
nine-minute YouTube video.
2016 Jul 31, Turkey's President
Recep Tayyip Erdogan issued a decree that introduced sweeping
changes to the military. The government also dismissed 1,389
military personnel, including a top aide to Erdogan, for suspected
links to the Islamic preacher Gulen.
(AFP, 7/31/16)(Reuters, 8/1/16)(SFC, 8/1/16,
2016 Jul 31, In Turkey 4
government soldiers were killed in two separate clashes with
militants of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK).
2016 Jul 31 ,
Yemen's internationally-recognized government agreed to extend peace
talks with Shiite rebels for another week, reversing an earlier
decision to quit the negotiations hosted by Kuwait.
2017 Jul 31, US Vice President
Mike Pence met with the presidents of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania
in the Estonian capital of Tallinn and strongly pledged America's
commitment to protecting NATO allies against attacks.
2017 Jul 31, Pres. Donald
Trump’s drug commission called on him to deal with the country’s
opioid drug epidemic saying some 142 deaths occur each day from drug
(SFC, 8/1/17, p.A5)
2017 Jul 31, Pres. Donald
Trump’s new chief of staff John F. Kelly began his first day by
firing communications director Anthony Scaramucci ten days after he
(SFC, 8/1/17, p.A5)
2017 Jul 31, Discovery, a cable
network group, agreed to buy Scripps Networks Interactive, owner of
the Food Network, HGTV and other channels, in a $14.6 billion deal.
(Econ, 8/5/17, p.48)
2017 Jul 31, Wikileaks
published a cache of more than 70,000 emails related to the recent
campaign of French Pres. Emmanuel Macron going back to 2009. There
were no immediate bombshell disclosures.
(SFC, 8/1/17, p.A2)
2017 Jul 31, In Afghanistan a
suicide bomber blew himself up at the main gate of the Iraqi embassy
in Kabul, allowing gunmen to enter the building and battle security
forces. Four attackers were killed along with two embassy workers.
2017 Jul 31, Algerian troops
killed six armed Islamist militants west of Algiers, where security
forces last week broke up an Islamic State cell.
2017 Jul 31, A British judge
sentenced former Royal Marine Ciaran Maxwell (31) to 18 years in
prison for a series of terrorism-related offenses. Maxwell had lived
a double life as a member of the military and as a bombmaker for
dissident Irish republicans. He pleaded guilty to preparation of
terrorist acts between January 2011 and August 2016, possessing
images of bank cards for fraud and possessing marijuana.
2017 Jul 31, A British man,
David Turner (72), was convicted of importing a lifelike child sex
doll from China in what police said was a landmark case in the fight
against a new form of sex crime against children.
2017 Jul 31, One of China’s
"most-wanted" overseas fugitives turned herself in after spending 19
years in the United States. Huang Hong (50) was a Beijing-based
accountant for a state-owned firm from the neighboring province of
Hebei accused of misappropriating public funds. She had fled to the
US in 1998.
2017 Jul 31, The European Union
condemned what it said was excessive use of force by state troops in
Venezuela and said it was unlikely to recognize results of elections
a day earlier that were marred by deadly clashes.
2017 Jul 31, French actress
Jeanne Moreau (b.1928) died at her home in Paris. She lit up the
screen in "Jules et Jim" (1962). Her other films included “Elevator
to the Gallows" (1957) and “The Bride Wore Black" (1968).
(AFP, 7/31/17)(SFC, 9/14/17 p.E8)(Econ, 8/12/17,
2017 Jul 31, Indonesian police
said they have detained 148 Chinese nationals and some Indonesians
over the weekend accused of carrying out a sophisticated scam that
netted around $450 million by tricking their compatriots into paying
to make legal cases go away.
2017 Jul 31, A Jerusalem court
upheld controversial real estate deals involving Israeli
pro-settlement organization Ateret Cohanim and the Greek Orthodox
church for two hotel properties in a mainly Palestinian area of
occupied and annexed east Jerusalem near the Jaffa Gate entrance to
the Old City.
2017 Jul 31, Japan said the
United States had returned a sliver of land at a controversial US
air base on the southern island of Okinawa which has sparked a
lengthy and fierce dispute.
2017 Jul 31, A senior Kenyan
official was found murdered in Nairobi three days after he went
missing. Chris Msando, the election board's head of information,
communication and technology, was tortured before he died.
(Reuters, 7/31/17)(Econ 8/5/17, p.33)
2017 Jul 31, Scores of buses
and ambulances arrived at the Lebanon-Syria border for the second
phase of an exchange between Lebanon's Hezbollah group and Syria's
al-Qaida affiliate that would lead to the resettlement of thousands
of refugees in Syria.
2017 Jul 31, Myanmar police
detained Swe Win, the editor of the nonprofit online news outlet
Myanmar Now, accusing him of attempting to flee the country shortly
before his trial on defamation charges brought by a follower of a
Buddhist monk who has stirred up anti-Muslim hatred.
2017 Jul 31, Poland said it
would press on with logging the country's primeval Bialowieza forest
in defiance of a ruling by the European Union's top court, saying it
needed to cut down trees to defeat insect pests.
2017 Jul 31, Venezuelan
President Nicolas Maduro celebrated the election of a new
legislative superbody that is expected to give the ruling Socialist
Party sweeping powers and mocked US criticism that the vote was an
affront to democracy.
2017 Jul 31, A former
Vietnamese oil executive surrendered to police after a year on the
run amid a crackdown on corruption by the country's communist
authorities. Trinh Xuan Thanh (51) disappeared in July last year
after he was accused of mismanagement at a subsidiary of national
oil and gas giant PetroVietnam, resulting in losses of some $150
2017 Jul 31, In Yemen a man
convicted of raping and murdering a three-year-old girl was executed
in Sanaa in front of hundreds of onlookers. A policeman fired five
bullets from an assault rifle into Muhammad al-Maghrabi (41) as he
lay with his hands handcuffed behind his back on a blanket on the
ground in Tahrir Square.
2018 Jul 31, The United States
froze the assets of three Pakistanis it has linked to
Lashkar-e-Taiba, the militant group blamed for the deadly 2008
attacks in India's financial capital, Mumbai. The US Treasury
targeted Hameed ul Hassan and Abdul Jabbar, who it said were
responsible for funneling money to Lashkar-e-Taiba and paying
salaries to its members. The State Department added Abdul Rehman
al-Dakhil to its list of "specially designated global terrorists,"
saying he was a senior commander of the group.
2018 Jul 31, A US federal judge
in Seattle issued a temporary restraining order to stop the release
of blueprints to make 3D-printed plastic guns. US-based Defense
Distributed, founded by Cody Wilson (b.1988), planned to release
blueprints on August 1, which anyone with a specialized 3-D printer
could download online. In 2015 and 2017 Wired named Wilson one of
the five most dangerous people on the Internet.
8/1/18, p.D6)(SFC, 8/2/18, p.A5)
2018 Jul 31, In northern
California the Carr fire, now the seventh most destructive in state
history, consumed 110,000 acres (45,000 hectares) of mountainous
terrain near the city of Redding and was 27 percent contained. It is
the biggest of 17 wildfires that raged across the state.
2018 Jul 31, In eastern
Afghanistan at least 15 people were killed in Jalalabad when gunmen
stormed a government building, trapping dozens inside after a
suicide bomber blew himself up at the entrance gate. Unknown
attackers seized 22 people from vehicles on a highway linking Kabul
and Gardez, in the eastern province of Paktia. In the western
province of Farah, 11 people were killed when their bus hit a
2018 Jul 31, In Australia Agim
Kruezi (25), an extremist who planned a suicide attack with Molotov
cocktails after he was prevented from flying to Syria to fight, was
sentenced by an judge to 17 years and four months in prison, with a
non-parole period of 13 years.
2018 Jul 31, In Belgium a
former soldier (65) walked to the middle of an empty soccer pitch in
Verviers and blew himself up with a grenade in what authorities said
was an act of despair.
2018 Jul 31, Central African
Republic and Russian officials said three Russian journalists were
killed in an ambush outside Sibut, CAR. Russian media said they were
reporting on a private Russian security firm.
(SFC, 8/1/18, p.A2)
2018 Jul 31, China's finance
ministry said it will scrap vehicle and vessel taxes on new energy
vehicles and ships powered by natural gas, as part of its efforts to
encourage cleaner energy consumption.
2018 Jul 31, Egyptian rights
attorney said a military court has sentenced poet Galal el-Beheiri
to three years in prison for "disseminating false news" and
insulting the country's security forces.
(SFC, 8/1/18, p.A2)
2018 Jul 31, The EU expanded
its sanctions against Moscow to include companies that helped build
a bridge from mainland Russia to Kremlin-annexed Crimea, which it
says violates Ukraine's sovereignty.
2018 Jul 31, In Germany Ralf
Spies (52) was cleared of 12 counts of attempted murder with a
"racist" motive and with causing an explosion in the attack at a
commuter rail station in the western city of Duesseldorf on July 27,
2018 Jul 31, German farmers
intensified calls for around 1 billion euros ($1.17 billion) in
special aid after crop damage from a drought and heatwave, but
Berlin said it would wait for an August harvest report before making
2018 Jul 31, In Greece port
police said the bodies of two people thought to have fled into the
sea to escape the wildfires that ravaged coastal towns near Athens
last week have been recovered. Confirmation that the pair were
victims of the fire would bring the disaster's death toll to at
2018 Jul 31, Senior Iranian
officials rejected US President Donald Trump's offer of talks
without preconditions as worthless and "a humiliation" after he
acted to reimpose sanctions on Tehran following his withdrawal from
a landmark nuclear deal. Interior minister Abdolreza Rahmani Fazli
said: "The United States is not trustworthy. How can we trust this
country when it withdraws unilaterally from the nuclear deal?"
2018 Jul 31, An Israeli court
jailed Israeli Arab poet Dareen Tatour (36) for five months after
convicting her of incitement to terrorism for a poem and remarks she
posted on social media during a wave of Palestinian street attacks.
She had published her poem "Resist, My People, Resist" in October
2015 as a soundtrack to footage of masked Palestinian youths
throwing stones and firebombs at Israeli soldiers.
2018 Jul 31, Japan pledged to
reduce its controversial stocks of plutonium, the world's biggest
inventory of the highly toxic material held by a state without
nuclear weapons, following pressure from the United States, China
and other countries.
2018 Jul 31, A third party in
Mali's presidential election claimed that its candidate had made it
through to a run-off vote, further complicating a poll beset by
violence that has stopped thousands from casting their ballots.
2018 Jul 31, In northern Mexico
an Embraer E-190 plane operated by Aeromexico crashed in Durango
state. All 99 passengers and four crew members made it off the
plane, but the pilot was severely injured. One person died of
2018 Jul 31, North and South
Korea held military talks to build trust.
2018 Jul 31, It was reported
that the Philippines has lifted a two-year moratorium on approving
mining exploration permits, in a move that the government and
industry hope will help determine the potential of some prospects in
the world's No. 2 nickel ore exporter.
2018 Jul 31, In the southern
Philippines a bomb exploded in a van on Basilan Island, killing 11
people at a military checkpoint in Colonia village in an attack
officials blamed on militants with ties to Islamic State. The attack
targeted a big public gathering but failed after the vehicle stalled
and instead killed the suspect and 10 others.
(AP, 7/31/18)(SFC, 8/1/18, p.A3)(AP, 8/9/18)
2018 Jul 31, In South Africa
fifteen units were down at nine power stations, taking over 6,000
megawatts or 13 percent of Eskom's output off the national grid. The
state-owned utility has been hit by labor unrest over wage talks as
it tries to reverse a decade of financial decline by cutting costs.
2018 Jul 31, In Sweden thieves
made off with two crowns and an orb worth about 65 million Swedish
crowns ($7.1 million) from a hilltop cathedral in Strangnas, 60
miles west of Stockholm, before fleeing via on Lake Malaren near the
capital city. In 2019 Police said they had recovered what they
believed to be King Karl IX's funeral jewels in an area around
(AP, 8/1/18)(Reuters, 2/5/19)
2018 Jul 31, In Syria dozens of
Islamic State group fighters were cornered in a pocket of Daraa
after losing all other territory there to a Russian-backed regime
assault. Iranian-backed Hezbollah group's al-Manar TV said the
Syrian army and its allies have taken full control of the Yarmouk
Basin in southwestern Syria after routing Islamic State (IS)
(AFP, 7/31/18)(Reuters, 7/31/18)
2018 Jul 31, Thailand's PM
Prayuth Chan-ocha said Britain has been asked to extradite former
prime minister Yingluck Shinawatra, overthrown in a coup in 2014 and
sentenced in absentia to jail for negligence.
2018 Jul 31, The Turkish
central bank sharply hiked its inflation forecast for 2018 to well
over 13 percent, putting new pressure on the embattled lira and
raising fears over the extent of price pressure in the economy.
2018 Jul 31, A Vietnamese
military court sentenced the first military official to go on trial
in the communist-ruled country's ongoing crackdown against
corruption to 12 years in jail. Former colonel Dinh Ngoc He, known
by his nickname "Little Baldy", was convicted of "abusing power in
performance of official duties" and "using fake documents".
2018 Jul 31, Yemen's Houthi
group said it is ready to unilaterally halt attacks in the Red Sea
to support peace efforts, days after Saudi Arabia suspended oil
exports through a strategic Red Sea channel following an attack on
crude tankers last week.
2018 Jul 31, Zimbabwe's
opposition MDC party claimed victory in the country's historic
elections, setting the scene for a showdown with the ruling ZANU-PF
that has held power since independence in 1980. The opposition
alleged that results were not posted outside one-fifth of polling
stations as required by law.
(AFP, 7/31/18)(SFC, 8/1/18, p.A3)
2019 Jul 31, The Trump
administration took a first step toward allowing the importation of
medicines from Canada, an action the president has advocated as a
way to bring cheaper prescription drugs to Americans.
2019 Jul 31, The United States
imposed sanctions against Iran's foreign minister, Mohammad Javad
Zarif, effectively slamming the door on the country's top diplomat.
2019 Jul 31, The United States
said it was extending waivers for three civilian nuclear projects in
Iran by 90 days, despite Washington's withdrawal from the 2015
nuclear agreement. The Trump administration extended waivers
allowing foreign firms to work at Iranian nuclear facilities without
(AFP, 8/1/19)(AP, 8/1/19)
2019 Jul 31, US Federal Reserve
Chairman Jerome Powell announced quarter-point rate reduction and
signaled that a series of further cuts was unlikely. The was the
first rate cut by the Fed since the financial crisis of 2008.
(Reuters, 8/1/19)(SFC, 8/1/19, p.D1)
2019 Jul 31, Kelly Craft (57),
married to a wealthy coal magnate, won Senate confirmation to be the
next US ambassador to the UN, overcoming Democratic resistance after
Pres. Donald Trump tapped her for the high-profile post.
2019 Jul 31, A federal judge
overturned the US Forest Service's approval of plans for a new
copper mine in southeastern Arizona in a decision that comes amid a
larger battle across the West over the use of public lands for
2019 Jul 31, A US Navy F/A-18E
Super Hornet jet crashed in Death Valley National Park leaving seven
visitors with minor injuries. Navy pilot Lt. Charles Walker (33) was
(SFC, 8/1/19, p.A8)(SSFC, 8/4/19, p.A8)
2019 Jul 31, In Detroit ten
more Democratic candidates debated their positions in the US
presidential race. Joe Biden’s rivals went right at his strength at
(Yahoo News, 8/1/19)
2019 Jul 31, In Pennsylvania
Kathleen Kane, a former state attorney general who was convicted of
leaking grand jury material, walking free after serving eight months
behind bars. Kane resigned after being convicted in 2016 of perjury,
obstruction and other counts for leaking grand jury material to a
Philadelphia newspaper and lying about it.
2019 Jul 31, In Pennsylvania
John Miller (44) was released from prison after spending more than
two decades behind bars for a murder he didn't commit. The key
witness against him confessed multiple times to be the real shooter
and even sent a letter to Miller's mother apologizing for lying.
2019 Jul 31, In Washington
state the Pend Oreille Mine, just north of Metaline Falls, closed at
a cost of about 200 family wage jobs in an area of less than 1,000
2019 Jul 31, Algeria's interim
president fired the justice minister and named the Algiers public
prosecutor to replace him, amid a series of corruption
investigations involving allies of former President Abdelaziz
2019 Jul 31, Britain's new PM
Boris Johnson held talks with allies in Northern Ireland in a bid to
solve the Irish border conundrum that has scuppered all efforts to
secure an orderly withdrawal from the European Union..
2019 Jul 31, Bulgarian
authorities said that they would cull another 17,000 pigs after
detecting an outbreak of African swine fever at a breeding farm in
the north of the country, the fifth hit by the fast-spreading virus
2019 Jul 31, Egypt's foreign
minister said hydrocarbon finds in the eastern Mediterranean have
bolstered an already "strong partnership" with neighboring Cyprus.
2019 Jul 31, Amnesty
International said 130 detainees in a notorious Egyptian prison have
been on hunger strike for more than six weeks to protest what it
calls "cruel and inhumane detention conditions." The rights group
called on authorities to investigate the prisoners' allegations of
torture and other abuses.
2019 Jul 31, Ethiopia's
parliament passed a bill to open up the country's financial sector
to an estimated five million of its citizens who have taken other
nationalities, including allowing them to buy shares in local banks
and start lending businesses.
2019 Jul 31, Finland's Orion
and Germany's Bayer said the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
had approved prostate cancer drug daroluramide, which the two
companies have been developing together.
2019 Jul 31, Olaf Scholz, the
German vice-chancellor, publicly confirmed that his country would
not take part in a US-led naval taskforce to protect shipping in the
(The Telegraph, 7/31/19)
2019 Jul 31, The heat wave that
smashed high temperature records in five European countries a week
ago mover over Greenland, accelerating the melting of the island's
ice sheet and causing massive ice loss in the Arctic.
2019 Jul 31, Iran said that
European nations still party to the 2015 nuclear deal are "obliged"
to allow it to sell and ship oil, amid a standoff with Britain over
the seizure of tankers.
2019 Jul 31, Iran’s official
Islamic Republic News Agency reported the cabinet has approved a
plan to slash four zeros from the national currency, the rial.
2019 Jul 31, Iranian forces
seized a ship in the Persian Gulf suspected of carrying smuggled
fuel, marking the Revolutionary Guard's third seizure of a vessel in
recent weeks and the latest show of strength by the paramilitary
force amid a spike in regional tensions. seven crew members were
detained. Iranian media reported last month that some 8 million
liters of government-subsidized Iranian fuel are smuggled daily to
other countries where prices are much higher.
2019 Jul 31, It was reported
that Iraq's top judicial authority has requested the parliament lift
immunity for 21 lawmakers, including 10 wanted on charges of
2019 Jul 31, The Israeli
Cabinet unanimously approved a proposal to build over 700 housing
units for Palestinians in addition to 6,000 Israeli settlement
housing units in the West Bank.
2019 Jul 31, Israel's Pluristem
Therapeutics Inc reported positive results from a series of studies
in animals of its placenta-based stem cell therapy to treat acute
radiation syndrome (ARS).
2019 Jul 31, In Mexico a
Honduran migrant (29) was shot and killed at a train station by a
member of a state police unit in the northern city of Saltillo. On
August 2 Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador instructed
officials to investigate the killing.
2019 Jul 31, A North Korean
soldier crossed the demilitarized zone into South Korea late today
and was taken into Seoul’s custody.
(The Telegraph, 8/1/19)
2019 Jul 31, It was reported
that tens of thousands of Twitter users have expressed support for
gay rights in Poland as part of the #jestemLGBT campaign, aimed at
fighting discrimination and homophobia in a country where the ruling
party is strongly socially conservative.
2019 Jul 31, A Russian state
hospital said that opposition leader Alexei Navalny had tested
negative for poison after falling ill in custody, but his personal
doctor warned the findings were inconclusive and could be wrong.
2019 Jul 31, South Korea's
military said North Korea conducted its second weapons test in less
than a week, firing two short-range ballistic missiles off its east
coast in a move observers said could be aimed at boosting pressure
on the United States as the rivals struggle to set up fresh nuclear
2020 Jul 31, President Donald
Trump told reporters that he plans to ban the TikTok app in the US
through executive authority before heading to Florida. TikTok has an
estimated 65 million to 80 million users in the United States. It
was said that Microsoft is in talks to buy TikTok.
(Good Morning America, 7/31/20)(SFC, 8/1/20,
2020 Jul 31, The US Supreme
Court declined by a 5-4 vote to halt the Trump administration's
construction of portions of the border wall with Mexico following a
recent lower court ruling that the administration improperly
diverted money to the project.
2020 Jul 31, A US federal
appeals court ruled vacated the death penalty of Boston Marathon
bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, but said he will remain in prison for the
rest of his life. However, the court ordered a retrial over the
sentence for Tsarnaev's crimes, where a new set of jurors can again
decide if he should be sentenced to death.
(Business Insider, 8/1/20)
2020 Jul 31, The US FDA said a
salmonella outbreak has infected nearly 400 people in more than 30
states and was likely linked to red onions coming from Thomson
International Inc. of Bakersfield, Ca. The company said it was
recalling all varieties of onions that could have come in contact
with the contaminated red onions.
(SSFC, 8/2/20, p.A8)
2020 Jul 31, In Alaska 7
people, including state lawmaker Rep. Gary Knopp (67), died when two
small airplanes collided in midair near the airport in Soldotna, a
small community on Alaska’s Kenai Peninsula.
2020 Jul 31, California
to date had 500,293 cases of coronavirus and 9,169 deaths. The SF
Bay Area had 53,205 cases and 811 deaths. Total cases nationwide
reached over 4,556,232 with the death toll at 153,268.
2020 Jul 31, Officials in
southern California said at least 45 fraternity members at the
University of Southern California have tested positive for COVID-19.
(Good Morning America, 7/31/20)
2020 Jul 31, In Florida Graham
Clark (17) of Tampa was arrested "for being the mastermind behind" a
July 15 Twitter hack that saw high-profile accounts, including those
belonging to former President Obama and former Vice President Joe
Biden, taken over to promote a Bitcoin scam, which involved asking
followers to send money to a Bitcoin address while claiming double
that amount would be returned. The DoJ announced charges against two
alleged co-conspirators, Mason Sheppard (19) and Nima Fazeli (22),
of Orlando, Florida, who goes by the hacker name “Rolex". Sheppard,
from Bognor Regis (UK), faces three charges in connection with the
apparent cyber scam targeting around 130 accounts on the social
media site. A Massachusetts teenager (16) was also soon linked to
the Twitter hack.
(The Week, 7/31/20)(The Independent, 8/1/20)(SFC,
2020 Jul 31, Florida reported a
record increase in new COVID-19 deaths for a fourth day in a row,
with 257 fatalities in the last 24 hours. Florida also reported
9,007 new cases, bringing its total infections to over 470,000.
2020 Jul 31, West Virginia
confirmed 182 coronavirus cases, its highest daily count since the
(SFC, 8/1/20, p.A6)
2020 Jul 31, Twitter Inc said
it has permanently suspended the account of David Duke, a former
leader of the white supremacist group Ku Klux Klan, as the social
media company tries to curb the spread of hateful content on its
2020 Jul 31, Pharma giants
GlaxoSmithKline and Sanofi Pasteur announced they will supply 100
million doses of its experimental COVID-19 vaccine to the United
States as governments buy up supplies in hopes something will work.
2020 Jul 31, Pfizer Inc and
BioNTech SE said they have agreed to supply Japan with 120 million
doses of their experimental coronavirus vaccine in the first half of
2020 Jul 31, Britain's PM Boris
Johnson put some planned measures to ease the UK's lockdown on hold,
just hours before they were due to take effect, saying the number of
new coronavirus cases in the country is on the rise for the first
time since May.
2020 Jul 31, British PM Boris
Johnson named 36 new members to Parliament’s unelected House of
Lords, including his brother, a slew of prominent Brexit supporters
and a Russia-born newspaper owner whose father was a KGB agent.
2020 Jul 31, British film
director Sir Alan Parker (b.1944) died in London following a long
illness. His films included "Fame" (1980), Mississippi Burning"
(1988), "The Commitments" (1991), and "Angela's Ashes" (1999).
2020 Jul 31, A court in the
West African nation of Cape Verde approved the extradition to the
United States of Alex Saab, a Colombian businessman wanted on
suspicion of money laundering on behalf of Venezuela's socialist
government. His legal team planned to appeal. In 2021 it was
reported that Saab was carrying a letter from Venezuelan President
Nicolas Maduro accrediting him to Iran's supreme leader.
(AP, 8/4/20)(AP, 1/21/21)
2020 Jul 31, China's
Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corp (SMIC) said it would
establish a joint venture company to develop wafer production units
in Beijing to bump up its semiconductor output and reduce costs.
2020 Jul 31, It was reported
that Chinese electric vehicle (EV) maker Xpeng Motors has raised an
additional $300 million from investors including Qatar's sovereign
2020 Jul 31, In Cuba Eusebio
Leal (77), the historian of Havana and longtime leader of the city's
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eusebio_Leal)(SSFC, 8/2/20, p.C11)
2020 Jul 31, The European
Center for Disease Prevention and Control said Luxembourg had 240.6
COVID-19 cases per 100,000 population over the last 14 days, much
higher than any other country in the European Economic Area.
Luxembourg said its large number of COVID-19 cases reflects its
unrivalled level of testing.
2020 Jul 31, Hong Kong leader
Carrie Lam announced that the government will postpone highly
anticipated legislative elections by one year, citing a worsening
coronavirus outbreak in the semi-autonomous Chinese city. Ahead of
the announcement a group of 22 lawmakers issued a statement accusing
the government of using the outbreak as an excuse to delay the vote.
2020 Jul 31, Indian police said
that at least 21 people have died in Punjab state over the last
three days after drinking tainted alcohol. The death toll was later
raised to at least 69. Local media put the number at 86. Police soon
arrested more than two dozen people on suspicion of selling tainted
(SFC, 8/1/20, p.A2)(SFC, 8/3/20, p.A2)
2020 Jul 31, In India monsoon
floods have swamped large parts of densely populated Bihar state and
displaced more than 300,000 people, exacerbating the risk of the
coronavirus and stymieing the state's response to the pandemic. The
floods have killed at least 24 people in the state. Bihar has so far
recorded 48,197 coronavirus cases including 282 deaths.
2020 Jul 31, India recorded
55,079 new coronavirus cases in the last 24 hours taking its total
to 1,638,871. The death toll rose by 779 taking that total to
(SFC, 8/1/20, p.A6)
2020 Jul 31, It was reported
that after a decade of campaigning, Kenyan environmental activist
Phyllis Omido has won a court ruling that awarded $12m (£9.2m) to
the Owino Uhuru community poisoned by lead pollution from a nearby
2020 Jul 31, A military court
in eastern Libya sentenced local photojournalist Ismail Bouzreeba
al-Zway (39) to 15 years in prison on vague terrorism-related
charges, prompting an outcry from human rights groups. He was first
scooped up by security agents while covering a local news event in
his hometown of Ajdabiya, east Libya, in 2018.
2020 Jul 31, It was reported
that demonstrators in northern Mexico have burned several government
vehicles, blocked railway tracks and set afire a government office
and highway toll booths to protest water payments to the US under a
1944 treaty. Farmers in Chihuahua want the water for their own
(SFC, 7/31/20, p.A2)
2020 Jul 31, Mexican health
officials reported 688 new deaths, pushing the country’s confirmed
total to over 46,600. Mexico now has the third most COVID-19 deaths
in the world, behind Brazil and the United States.
2020 Jul 31, Northern Ireland
launched the United Kingdom's first COVID-19 tracing app, and the
first one that can also trace users in another country, Ireland, who
have been in contact with someone suffering from the disease.
NearForm launched a similar app in Ireland on July 8, and cases can
now be traced across the island's open border by two separate health
2020 Jul 31, The University
Hospital of North Norway said three members of the crew of Norwegian
cruise vessel Roald Amundsen have been diagnosed with COVID-19. The
vessel had close to 200 passengers on board when it arrived at the
Arctic port of Tromsoe.
2020 Jul 31, Romania said its
number of coronavirus infections rose by 1,295 new cases on the day
taking the cumulative total to 50,886 cases. 2,343 people have died.
The country is under a state of alert that is due to end in two
2020 Jul 31, In Saudi Arabia
small groups of pilgrims, masked and physically distancing, made
their way toward the massive multi-story Jamarat Complex in the
Saudi valley area of Mina. There, the pilgrims cast pebbles at three
large columns. It is here where Muslims believe the devil tried to
talk the Prophet Ibrahim, or Abraham, out of submitting to God’s
will. Muslims worldwide marked the start of the Eid al-Adha holiday.
2020 Jul 31, Slovakia reported
its first coronavirus death since the middle of May, bringing its
toll to 29, one of the lowest in Europe. A day earlier the country
detected 27 new cases. 2,292 cases have been found since March.
2020 Jul 31, In northern Sudan
a speeding truck trying to overtake a car crashed into a passenger
bus on a highway, killing 13 people and injuring 15.
2020 Jul 31, The Barakah
nuclear power plant in the UAE's far western desert near the border
with Saudi Arabia reached what scientists called its “first
criticality." That's when the nuclear chain reaction within the
reactor is self-sustaining. This is the first nuclear power plant on
the Arabian Peninsula.
2020 Jul 31, Vietnam reported
its first-ever death of a person with the coronavirus as it
struggles with a renewed outbreak after 99 days with no local cases.
Vietnam reported 37 more novel coronavirus infections, bringing the
total number of cases in the Southeast Asian country to 546. More
than 100 new cases have been confirmed in the past week, more than
half of them patients at a hospital in Da Nang.
(AP, 7/31/20)(Reuters, 7/31/20)
2020 Jul 31, Tedros Adhanom
Ghebreyesus, the head of the World Health Organization, predicted
the effects of the coronavirus pandemic will be felt for decades to
2020 Jul 31, Award-winning
Zimbabwean author Tsitsi Dangarembga (61), a nominee for this year's
Booker Prize, was among scores arrested in Harare during an
anti-government protest. The government had warned that
participation in today's demonstration would be regarded as