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Today in History - August 27

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1521        Aug 27, Josquin Des Prez, composer, died.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1522        Aug 27, Giovanni A. Amadei (75), Amadeo, Italian sculptor, architect, died.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1569        Aug 27, Pope Pius named Cosimo I de' Medici, grand duke of Toscane.
    (MC, 8/27/01)

1576        Aug 27, The Venetian painter Titian (Tiziano Vecelli), born about 1488, died of the plague. His handling of color and mastery of new oil techniques made him one of the greatest painters of the Renaissance. In 2012 Sheila Hale authored “Titian: His Life."
    (Reuters, 8/28/01)(www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/tita/hd_tita.htm)(Econ, 7/28/12, p.72)

1610        Aug 27, Polish King Wladyslaw was crowned king of Russia.
    (MC, 8/27/01)

1626        Aug 27, The Danes were crushed by the Catholic League in Germany, marking the end of Danish intervention in European wars.
    (HN, 8/27/98)

1635        Aug 27, Lope Felix de Vega (72), playwright, poet (Angelica, Arcadia), died.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1665        Aug 27, "Ye Bare & Ye Cubb," the 1st play performed in N. America, was performed at Acomac, Va.
    (MC, 8/27/01)

1675        Aug 27, The Strasbourg Agreement, signed between France and the Holy Roman Empire, banned the use of poison bullets in conflict.
    (AP, 12/4/12)

1770        Aug 27, The German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) was born in Stuttgart. He wrote "The Science of Logic." Hegel greatly influenced Karl Marx. His method was to metaphysicize everything, that is, to discern in concrete reality the working of some Idea or Universal Mind. Hegel proposed that all change, all progress, is brought about by the conflict of vast forces. A world-historical figure or nation or event lays down a challenge. This thesis, as he called it, is opposed by an antithesis. The conflict between them is resolved, inevitably, by a synthesis of the two forces on a higher plane of being.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.258)(AP, 8/27/97)(HN, 8/27/98)

1776        Aug 27, The Americans were defeated by the British at the Battle of Long Island, New York.
    (HN, 8/27/98)

1783        Aug 27, 1st hydrogen balloon flight (unmanned); reached 900 m altitude.
    (MC, 8/27/01)

1788        Aug 27, Jacques Neeker was named French minister of Finance.
    (MC, 8/27/01)

1789        Aug 27, French National Assembly issued "Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen."
    (MC, 8/27/01)

1793        Aug 27, Maximilien Robespierre was elected to the Committee of Public Safety in Paris, France.
    (HN, 8/27/98)

1813            Aug 26-1813 Aug 27, The Battle of Dresden was Napoleon’s last major victory against the allied forces of Austria, Russia and Prussia.

1816        Aug 27, Admiral Sir Edward Pellew, a noble from Devon, England, bombed Algiers, a refuge for Barbary pirates. He flew the green, white and black flag of St. Petroc. In 1836 the battle was pictured in a painting by George Chambers, Senior. Pellew was subsequently named Lord Exmouth.
    (http://tinyurl.com/gjooc)(Econ, 9/30/06, p.66)

1825        Aug 27, William Moorcroft, East India Co. head of 5,000 acre horse farm at Pusa, India, died near Balkh, Afghanistan, while returning to India following his trip to Bukhara, Uzbekistan, to trade for horses. In 1985 Garry Alder authored "Beyond Bukhara: The Life of William Moorcroft, Asian Explorer and Veterinary Surgeon."
    (ON, 1/02, p.6)

1832        Aug 27, Black Hawk, leader of Sauk-Indians, gave himself up.
    (MC, 8/27/01)

1858        Aug 27, The 2nd of 7 of the Lincoln-Douglas debates in the 1858 Illinois senatorial race of took place in Freeport, Ill. Stephen Douglas formulated what became known as the Freeport Doctrine, which stated that the people of a territory could, by lawful means, exclude slavery prior to the formulation of a state constitution. Douglas first pronounced it in response to a question posed by Lincoln as to how Douglas could reconcile the doctrine of "popular sovereignty" with the Dred Scott decision.
    (HNQ, 6/4/99)(ON, 4/08, p.2)   

1859        Aug 27, The first commercial oil well was set up. Colonel Edwin L. Drake drilled the first successful oil well in the United States near Titusville, Penn.
    (HFA, '96, p.36)(AP, 8/27/97)

1861        Aug 27, Union troops made an amphibious landing at Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.
    (HN, 8/27/98)
1861        Aug 27, At the Battle of Cape Hatteras, SC, Union troops took Fort Clark.
    (MC, 8/27/01)

1862        Aug 27, As the Second Battle of Bull Run raged, Confederate soldiers attacked Loudoun County, Virginia.
    (HN, 8/27/98)

1869        Aug 27, Karl Haushofer, soldier, geographer, was born.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1871        Aug 27, Theodore Dreiser (d.1945), American novelist (Sister Carrie, American Tragedy), was born. "Our civilization is still in a middle stage, no longer wholly guided by instinct, not yet wholly guided by reason."
    (AP, 1/4/00)(HN, 8/27/00)

1874        Aug 27, Karl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, Nobel 1931), was born.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1877        Aug 27, Charles Stewart Rolls, British auto manufacturer (Rolls-Royce Ltd), was born.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1881        Aug 27, New York state’s Pure Food Law went into effect to prevent "the adulteration of food or drugs."
    (HN, 8/27/00)
1881        Aug 27, A hurricane hit Florida and the Carolinas; about 700 died.
    (MC, 8/27/01)

1882        Aug 17, Samuel Goldwyn, American movie mogul who helped start MGM (Metro Goldwyn Mayer), was born as Schmuel Gelbfisz in Warsaw, Poland.
    (HN, 8/17/00)

1883        Aug 27, The island volcano Krakatoa erupted; the resulting tidal waves in Indonesia's Sunda Strait claimed some 36,417 lives in Java and Sumatra. In 2003 Simon Winchester authored Krakatoa: The Day the World Exploded: Aug 27, 1883." [see Aug 26]
    (AP, 8/27/97)(SSFC, 4/6/03, p.M2)

1886        Aug 27, Eric Coates, viola player, composer, was born in Hucknall, Nottinghamshire, England.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1890        Aug 27, Man Ray (d.1976) was born as Emmanuel Radinski in Philadelphia, Pa. A painter and photographer, he and Marcel Duchamp founded the Dadaism movement.
    (Reuters, 8/28/01)

1892        Aug 27, Fire seriously damaged New York City's original Metropolitan Opera House, located at Broadway and 39th Street.
    (AP, 8/27/97)

1894        Aug 27, The US Congress passed the Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act, providing for a graduated income tax. It imposed a 2% tax on incomes over $4000. Pres. Grover Cleveland enacted the tax to cope with the deficit. The Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional on May 20, 1895.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ph3srvr)(AP, 8/27/99)(WSJ, 9/25/02, p.D8)

1899        Aug 27, C.S. Forester (Cecil Scott Forester), novelist, was born in England. He authored the "Horatio Hornblower" series.
    (HN, 8/27/00)(MC, 8/27/02)

1901        Aug 27, In Havana, Cuba, U.S. Army physician James Carroll allowed an infected mosquito to feed on him in an attempt to isolate the means of transmission of yellow fever. Days later, Carroll developed a severe case of yellow fever, helping his colleague, Army Walter Reed, prove that mosquitoes can transmit the sometimes deadly disease.
    (MC, 8/27/02)(ON, 10/01, p.8)

1908        Aug 27, Lyndon B. Johnson, the 36th president of the United States (1963-1969), was born near Stonewall, Texas.
    (AP, 8/27/97)(HN, 8/27/98)

1910        Aug 26-27, Agnes Gonxhe Bojaxhiu (d.1997), later known as Mother Teresa and care-taker of the poor in Calcutta, was born to an ethnic Albanian family in Skopje, Macedonia. She later founded the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta and was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize for her work.
    (SFC, 8/28/96, p.A10)(SFC, 8/26/97, p.C3)(AP, 9/12/03)
1910         Aug 27, Thomas Edison demonstrated the first "talking" pictures using a phonograph in his New Jersey laboratory.
    (HN, 8/27/01)

1912        Aug 27, Edgar Rice Burroughs’s "Tarzan of the Apes" first appeared in a magazine. Burroughs (d.1950 at 74) wrote "Tarzan of the Apes" for The All-Story Magazine and received $700.
    (SDUT, 6/6/97, p.E2)(SFEC, 5/9/99, Par p.8)(HN, 8/27/00)

1913        Aug 27, In San Francisco a fire at arcade stables on Folsom St. between 5th and 6th killed 95 horses.
    (SSFC, 8/25/13, DB p.58)

1914        Aug 27, 2nd day of battle at Tannenberg: Germany bombed Usdau.
    (MC, 8/27/01)

1915        Aug 27, Walter W. Heller (d.1987), economist (Old Myths & New Realities), was born in Buffalo, NY.
1915        Aug 27, In San Francisco a fire in the Presidio killed the wife of Brig. Gen. John J. Pershing and 3 of their 4 children.
    (SFEC, 12/26/99, p.W4)(SSFC, 8/23/15, DB p.46)

1916        Aug 27, Italy declared war on Germany.
    (HN, 8/27/98)

1921        Aug 27, J.E. Clair of Acme Packing Co. of Green Bay was granted an NFL franchise.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1928        Aug 27, Fifteen nations signed the Kellogg-Briand Peace Pact, also known as the Pact of Paris, outlawing war and calling for the settlement of disputes through arbitration. Forty-seven other countries eventually sign the pact.  The pact was developed by French foreign minister Aristide Briand and U.S. Secretary of State Frank Kellogg. The document did not stipulate any sanctions and allowed for so many exceptions—including wars of ‘self-defense‘ and obligations under the League Covenant and Monroe Doctrine—that the pact was quite ineffective.
    (AP, 8/27/97)(HN, 8/27/98)(HNQ, 10/20/00)
1928        Aug 27, 16 people died in NYC’s 2nd worst subway accident.
    (MC, 8/27/01)

1929        Aug 27, Ira Levin, author (Rosemary Baby, Boys From Brazil, This Perfect Day), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1932        Aug 27, Antonia Fraser, biographer (Mary Queen of Scots), was born.
    (MC, 8/27/02)
1932        Aug 27-28, In England 200,000 textile workers went on strike.
    (MC, 8/27/01)

1934        Aug 27, Arlen, Ira Gershwin & Harburg musical premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1937        Aug 27, Andrew Mellon (b.1855), equity-fund capitalist and former US Treasury Secretary (1921-1932), died. In 2006 David Canadine authored the biography “Mellon."
    (www.ustreas.gov/education/history/secretaries/awmellon.shtml)(WSJ, 10/6/06, p.W4)

1938        Aug 27, George Eyston set an automobile land-speed record.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1939        Aug 27, Nazi Germany demanded Danzig and Polish corridor.
    (MC, 8/27/01)
1939        Aug 27, The world's first jet-propelled plane, the Heinkel He-178, made its first flight at Marienehe, north Germany. Hans von Ohain’s aircraft became the first jet-powered airplane to fly. It remained airborne for 7 minutes. Erich Warsitz made the 1st jet-propelled flight.
    (SFC, 8/10/96, p.A20)(Reuters, 8/28/01)(MC, 8/27/01)

1941        Aug 27, The Soviet armada began to move out of Tallinn. By the next day 5 ships were sunk by German bombers and Soviet ships began to encounter minefields set by the Kriegsmarine and Finnish Navy. The Soviets succeeded in evacuating 165 ships, 28,000 passengers and 66,000 tons of equipment from Tallinn.
1941        Aug 27, The Shah of Iran abdicated the throne to his son Reza Pahlavi. Britain forced Reza Shah to abdicate and installed his son Mohammed.
    (www.indiana.edu/~league/1941.htm)(WSJ, 4/2/07, p.A6)
1941        Aug 27, The Prime Minister of Japan, Fumimaro Konoye, issued an invitation for a meeting with President Roosevelt.
    (HN, 8/27/98)

1942        Aug 27, Cuba declared war on Germany, Japan and Italy.
    (MC, 8/27/01)

1944        Aug 27, 200 Halifax bombers attack oil-installations in Hamburg.
    (MC, 8/27/01)

1945        Aug 27, B-29 Superfortress bombers began to drop supplies into Allied prisoner of war camps in China.
    (HN, 8/27/98)
1945        Aug 27, Life Magazine’s issue for VJ-Day featured a photo that Life photographer Alfred Eisenstaedt made on May 8, VE-Day when he got signalman Jim Reynolds to pose for a kiss with a nurse on Times Square. That the photo was posed was denied by Life and Reynold’s role was not verified. Edith Shain (d.2010 at 91) in a letter claimed to be the nurse with documented letters from Eisenstaedt. In 2007 Houston Police Department forensic artist Lois Gibson completed a detailed investigation and concluded that Glenn McDuffie (80) is the man in Alfred Eisenstaedt's Aug. 14, 1945 image of a sailor kissing a nurse in Times Square.
    (WSJ, 8/14/96, p.A14)(WSJ, 8/20/96, p.A11)(AP, 8/4/07)(SFC, 6/24/10, p.A9)
1945        Aug 27, American troops began landing in Japan following the surrender of the Japanese government in World War II.
    (AP, 8/27/97)

1948        Aug 27, Former US Chief Justice Charles Evans (86) Hughes died in Osterville, Mass.
    (AP, 8/27/08)

1950        Aug 27, Charles Fleischer, comedian (Roger Rabbit), was born in Wash, DC.

1952        Aug 27, Paul Reubens (Pee-wee Herman), actor (Pee-wee's Big Adventure), was born in Peekskill, NY.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1955        Aug 27, The "Guinness Book of World Records" was 1st published. It posted sales of 80 million in 1997.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)(WSJ, 7/30/99, p.B1)(MC, 8/27/01)

1958        Aug 27, The Arkansas Legislature voted 94-1 to pass a law allowing Gov. Orval E. Faubus to close public schools in the face of forced integration. Ray S. Smith (1924-2007) was the only dissenting legislator.
    (SFC, 11/13/07, p.D9)
1958        Aug 27, USSR launched Sputnik 3 with 2 dogs aboard.
    (MC, 8/27/01)

1961        Aug 27, Francis the Talking Mule was the mystery guest on "What's My Line."
    (MC, 8/27/01)

1962        Aug 27, The United States launched the Mariner 2 space probe with an Atlas D booster. On December 14, 1962, Mariner 2 passed within just over 20,000 miles of Venus, reporting an 800F surface temperature, high surface pressures, a predominantly carbon dioxide atmosphere, continuous cloud cover, and no detectable magnetic field.
    (AP, 8/27/97)(SFEM, 8/22/99, p.9)(http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/tmp/1962-041A.html)

1963        Aug 27, Cambodia severed ties with South Vietnam.
    (HN, 8/27/98)
1963        Aug 27, William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (b.1868), sociologist, influential leader of black Americans, founder of the National Negro Committee which eventually became the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, died in Accra, Ghana at the age of 95. He coined the phrase "double consciousness" to describe the black survival skill of moving between the black and white American cultures.
    (WUD, 1994, p.439)(SFEC, 3/22/98, BR p.5)(HNPD, 2/23/99)(HNQ, 5/11/99)

1964        Aug 27, Gracie Allen (b.~1895), TV comedian (Burns & Allen), died in Los Angeles.

1965        Aug 27, Bob Dylan was booed off stage in NY's Forest Hills.
    (MC, 8/27/01)
1965        Aug 27-1965 Sep 13, Hurricane Betsy killed 75 in Louisiana & Florida. Betsy left New Orleans under 7 feet of water.
    (www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/Storm_pages/betsy1965/)(WSJ, 8/31/05, p.B1)
1965        Aug 27, Le Corbusier (b.1887), Swiss-French architect and writer, died in France. He was born as Charles Edouard Jeanneret-Gris in La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. His book included books include “Vers une architecture" (Towards a New Architecture) (1923), “The City of Tomorrow" (1925), and “When the Cathedrals Were White" (1937). In 2014 Anthony flint authored “Modern man: The Life of Le Corbusier, Architect of Tomorrow."
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/lecorbu.htm)(Econ, 11/15/14, p.85)

1966        Aug 27, There was a race riot in Waukegan, Illinois.
    (MC, 8/27/02)
1966        Aug 27, Sir Francis Chichester began 1st solo ocean voyage around the world.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1967        Aug 27, Brian Epstein, manager of the Beatles, was found dead in his London flat from an overdose of sleeping pills.
    (AP, 8/27/97)

1971        Aug 27, Bennett Cerf (b.1898), publisher and co-founder of Random House, died. Cerf began appearing weekly on What's My Line? in 1951 and continued until the show's CBS network end in 1967.
1971        Aug 27, Margaret Bourke-White (b.1904), US photographer, died.

1972        Aug 27, The USS Newport News CA-148 and three other ships (USS Rowan DD-782, USS Providence CLG-6, and USS Robison DDG-12) carried out a night time raid against heavily defended targets at the mouth of Haiphong Harbor.

1975        Aug 27, Haile Selassie, the last emperor of Ethiopia’s 3,000-year-old monarchy, died in Addis Ababa at age 83 almost a year after he was overthrown in a military coup. It was later discovered that the Derg, the ruling military committee, had voted to murder the imprisoned emperor. Selassie was born of royal blood and originally named Ras Tafari, and is regarded as the savior by a religious sect originating in Jamaica whose members are called Rastafarians. Crowned emperor in 1930 under the title Haile Selassie I (meaning "Power of the Trinity"), he was by tradition a descendant of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. He reigned as emperor of Ethiopia until 1974. Ryszard Kapuscinski later authored "The Emperor," a biography of Selassie.
    (AP, 8/27/00)(HNQ, 2/4/00)(WSJ, 4/18/01, p.A20)(Econ, 9/29/07, p.49)

1976        Aug 27, Transsexual Renee Richards was barred from competing in US Tennis Open in Forest Hills, NY.

1977        Aug 27, "Chicago" closed at 46th St Theater in NYC after 947 performances.

1979        Aug 27, British war hero Lord Louis Mountbatten was killed off the coast of Ireland in his 29-foot sail boat in Sligo, Ireland; the Irish Republican Army claimed responsibility. Also killed were his 14-year-old grandson Nicholas, 83-year-old Lady Brabourne, and 15-year-old John Maxwell. Thomas McMahon (31) was the bombmaker and was jailed at Dublin’s Mountjoy prison. He was released in 1998 as part of the Northern Ireland peace agreement.
    (AP, 8/27/97)(SFC, 8/8/98, p.A13)(HN, 8/27/98)
1979        Aug 27, In Sanandaj, Iran, 11 Kurdish prisoners were executed by a firing squad following a 30 minute trial under Shiite cleric Sadegh Khalkhali. Jahangir Razmi, a photographer for Iran’s independent Ettela’at newspaper, captured the execution on film. Within hours an anonymous photo of the execution ran across 6 columns of the paper. On Sep 8 the newspaper was seized by the Foundation for the Disinherited, a state-owned holding company. On April 14, 1980, the photo won a Pulitzer Prize. In 2006 Razmi made public 27 images from the execution that he had kept hidden.
    (WSJ, 12/2/06, p.A1)
1979        Aug 27, In Northern Ireland 18 British militia died in ambush and bomb attack at Warrenpoint, South Down.

1980        Aug 27, In South Korea Chun Doo-hwan (b.1931) had the military junta name him president, replacing Choi.
    (AP, 10/24/07)(www.dpg.devry.edu/~akim/sck/kp2.html)

1981        Aug 27, Rene Soto clubbed to death Anselmo Covarrubias in LA County. Maria Suarez (21), a battered "sex slave" to Covarrubias and witness to the murder, was convicted of first-degree murder and sent to prison. In 2002 Gov. Davis rejected a recommended parole for Suarez. In 2003 Gov. Davis issued a parole. Suarez was released in 2004.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.A20)(SFC, 6/22/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/6/03, p.A12)(SFC, 5/26/04, p.A1)
1981        Aug 27, Divers recovered the Banco di Roma safe from the Andrea Doria.

1984        Aug 27, President Reagan announced the Teacher in Space project.

1985        Aug 27, Dr. Fisher was a mission specialist on STS 51-I which launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida.
1985        Aug 27, In Nigeria Gen’l. Ibrahim Babangida began his rule. He gave up power in 1993.

1987        Aug 27, In the Philippines members of the Reform the Armed Forces Movement, led by Colonel Gregorio Honasan, attempted to overthrow Pres. Corazon Aquino. Her son Benigno Aquino and four guards were ambushed as they rushed to the presidential palace. 3 guards were killed.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1986%E2%80%9390_Philippine_coup_attempts)(Econ, 5/31/14, p.36)   
1987        Aug 27, A Soviet Foreign Ministry official said his country was studying a proposal by West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl to dismantle his country's 72 aging Pershing 1A missiles if the superpowers destroyed all their intermediate-range weapons.
    (AP, 8/27/97)

1988        Aug 27, Tens of thousands of civil rights marchers gathered in Washington, D.C., on the eve of the 25th anniversary of Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech.
    (AP, 8/27/98)

1989        Aug 27, Some 100 marched through Bensonhurst, NYC, protesting racial killings.
1989        Aug 27, The first U.S. commercial satellite rocket was launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla., a Delta booster carrying a British communications satellite.
    (AP, 8/27/99)
1989        Aug 27, Chuck Berry performed his tune Johnny B. Goode for NASA staff in celebration of Voyager II's encounter with the planet Neptune.
    (HN, 8/27/98)

1990        Aug 27, Fifty-two Americans reached freedom in Turkey after they were allowed to leave Iraq; three young men originally in the group, however, were detained by the Iraqis. In Washington, the State Department ordered the expulsion of 36 Iraqi diplomats.
    (AP, 8/27/00)
1990        Aug 27, Texan blues guitarist Stevie Ray Vaughan (35) was killed in a helicopter crash after performing at a concert in Wisconsin.
    (Reuters, 8/28/01)

1991        Aug 27, The first flight of the YF23 V-22 Osprey tiltrotor took place.
    (NPub, 2002, p.25)
1991        Aug 27, Moldova (Moldavia) declared independence from USSR.

1992        Aug 27, President Bush ordered federal troops to Florida for emergency relief in the wake of Hurricane Andrew.
    (AP, 8/27/97)
1992        Aug 27, The US and its allies began air patrols following the imposition of a no-fly zone over southern Iraq to stop air attacks on Shiite Muslim rebels.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)
1993        Aug 27, The U.N. Security Council suspended 2 1/2-month-old economic sanctions against Haiti to spur the country's return to democracy. They were reimposed the following October.
    (AP, 8/27/98)
1993        Aug 27, Gen’l. Ibrahim Babangida ended his rule over Nigeria.

1994        Aug 27, The US State Department said the US and Cuba had agreed to resume talks on Cuban migration, with the hope of stemming the flow of refugees headed toward Florida.
    (AP, 8/27/99)

1995        Aug 27, American and Chinese officials agreed to begin planning a fall summit between President Clinton and Chinese President Jiang Zemin.
    (AP, 8/27/00)
1995        Aug 27, A wildfire in the Hamptons, the largest in 50 years, ended after 4 days. A 16-alarm at the St. George Hotel complex began in Brooklyn.

1996        Aug 27, First lady Hillary Rodham Clinton addressed the Democratic convention in Chicago, forcefully making her husband's case for re-election while rebutting her Republican critics.
    (AP, 8/27/97)
1996        Aug 27, California Gov. Pete Wilson signed an executive order aimed at halting state benefits to illegal immigrants.
    (AP, 8/27/97)
1996        Aug 27, In Indianapolis 4 police officers engaged in a fight outside the city’s Circle Center mall. They were off duty and had just consumed a large amount of beer in the city’s luxury suite at a ball game. They were later tried for battery, disorderly conduct and public intoxication but the 1997 trial ended in a hung jury.
    (SFEC, 10/26/97, p.A7)
1996        Aug 27, WorldCom announced the acquisition of MFS Communications in a $12.4 billion deal. WorldCom was formerly LDDS Communications and had gone public this month.
    (WSJ, 1/2/97, p.R2)(WSJ, 5/1/02, p.A8)
1996        Aug 27, Actor Greg Morris ("Mission: Impossible") was found dead at his Las Vegas home; he was 61.
    (AP, 8/27/97)
1996        Aug 27, Alexander Lanusse, military president of Argentina (1971-73), died.
    (MC, 8/27/02)
1996        Aug 27, In Bosnia the municipal elections scheduled for Sep 14 were cancelled by the American diplomat Robert Frowick due to widespread abuse of rules and regulations.
    (SFC, 8/28/96, p.A8)
1996        Aug 27, The last Rwandan refugee camp in Burundi closed.
    (SFC, 8/28/96, p.A10)
1996        Aug 27, In India plans were made to amend the 1948 electricity laws to allow private companies to enter the transmission sector and help shoulder the investment needed to satisfy demand.
    (WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A10)
1996        Aug 27, Seven Iraqis freed their 184 captives aboard a Sudanese airliner at the London airport and asked for political asylum.
    (SFC, 8/28/96, p.A8)
1996        Aug 27, Israeli police tore down a youth center in Jerusalem’s Old City saying that it was illegally built with money from Arafat’s Palestinian Authority.
    (SFC, 8/28/96, p.A8)
1996        Aug 27, In Norway the 29 stave churches (1100-1400AD) left were under government protection and threatened by arsonists of a Satanic movement.
    (WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A12)
1996        Aug 27, Russian and Chechen military commanders signed the Khasavyurt Accords, an agreement for military disengagement.
    (SFC, 8/28/96, p.A8)(USAT, 9/2/04, p.13A)
1996        Aug 27, South Korea was reported to be the world’s 11th largest economy and America’s 5th largest trading partner.
    (WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A1)
1996        Aug 27, The 450,000 strong army of Turkey was the largest in NATO and the only one that was exclusively Muslim.
    (WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A10)

1997        Aug 27, Former Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy was charged with seeking and accepting more than $35,000 dollars in trips, sports tickets and favors from companies that did business with his agency. A jury found Espy innocent in 1998 of taking illegal gifts, but eight others pleaded guilty or were convicted of various charges; President Clinton later issued seven pardons and a commutation.
    (AP, 8/27/02)
1997        Aug 27, There was a report on the US nuclear arsenal broken down to the number of nuclear weapons in each state. New Mexico was 1st with 2,850, Georgia 2nd with 2,000, and Washington State 3rd with 1,600. The total stockpile was totaled at 12,500 warheads, of which 8,750 were described as "operational."
    (SFC, 8/26/97, p.A6)
1997        Aug 27, A secret CIA report acknowledged that the CIA knew of human rights abuses by the Honduran military in the 1980s. It was declassified in 1998.
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.A3)
1997        Aug 27, It was announced that the diet drugs, Redux and Pondimin, caused brain damage in animals at doses similar to those taken by humans.
    (WSJ, 8/27/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 27, Brandon Tartikoff (48), TV exec (NBC), died in Los Angeles.
1997        Aug 27, From India it was reported that at least 945 people had died since June due to torrential monsoon rains.
    (SFC, 8/26/97, p.C3)
1997        Aug 27, It was reported that a 3-part expose in the Israeli Maariv newspaper alleged that gameshow host Dudu Topaz was involved in rigging the winners in the Mar 30 show "First in Comedy."
    (SFC, 8/26/97, p.E7)(WSJ, 8/28/97, p.A1)
1997        Aug 27 Israel lifted a month-long blockade of Bethlehem imposed after a suicide bombing July 30 that killed 16 people.
    (WSJ, 8/28/97, p.A1)(AP, 8/27/98)
1997        Aug 27, It was announced that South Korea had a $22 billion trade deficit in 1996 and that the purchase of foreign goods was being actively discouraged.
    (SFC, 8/26/97, p.C3)
1997        Aug 27, The annual Burning Man Festival began near Gerlach, Nevada, on a private ranch on the Hualapai Playa, a prehistoric lakebed. Some 20,000 people came to the instantly created "Black Rock City" for the torching of the 50-foot effigy.
    (SFEC, 8/24/97, p.A3)(SFC, 8/30/97, p.A1, 15)

1998        Aug 27, Two suspects in the August 7 bombing of the US Embassy in Kenya were sent to the United States to face charges. Mohamed Rashed Daoud al-'Owhali and Mohammed Saddiq Odeh were convicted in 2001 of conspiring to carry out the bombing; both were sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 8/27/08)
1998        Aug 27, The DJIA fell 350 points and markets around the world fell in response to the problems in Russia.
    (SFC, 8/28/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 27, Hurricane Bonnie was downgraded to a tropical storm as its winds dropped to 65 mph.
    (WSJ, 8/28/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 27, In Congo Unita forces from Angola joined the rebels, while forces from Namibia fought for Kabila’s regime.
    (WSJ, 8/28/98, p.A1)
1998        Aug 27, Re: Cyprus. Russia planned to deliver the S-300 anti-aircraft missile system to the Greek Cypriot government for about $200 million. Pres. Glafcos Clerides said the missiles would be deployed in Nov. if Turkey did not accept a proposal for demilitarization.
    (SFC, 4/29/98, p.A11)(SFC, 8/28/98, p.D4)
1998        Aug 27, In Israel a bus bombing in Tel Aviv injured 21 people. A small bomb in a trash can exploded in Tel Aviv and injured one person.
    (WSJ, 8/28/98, p.A1)(SFC, 8/28/98, p.D3)
1998        Aug 27, In Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif announced the coming end of secular law and a new rule of Islamic law based on the Koran.
    (WSJ, 8/31/98, p.A18)
1998        Aug 27, In Kosovo a Serb shell was said to have killed 11 of 14 members of the Asllani family fleeing the village of Grape outside of Pristina.
    (WSJ, 8/28/98, p.A1)(SFC, 8/28/98, p.D4)
1998        Aug 27, In Russia major banks announced plans to merge and the government announced that it would nationalize SBS-Agro, the 3rd largest bank in the country.
    (SFC, 8/28/98, p.A12)

1999        Aug 27, The US Federal Communications Commission announced new government wiretapping rules intended to help law enforcement authorities keep pace with advances in phone technology. A federal appeals court later threw out some of the new rules, citing privacy concerns.
    (AP, 8/27/00)
1999        Aug 27, In Norway the Supreme Court declared that it was legal to use discriminatory statements in real estate listings.
    (SFC, 8/28/99, p.A14)
1999        Aug 27, The Russian Mir space station was closed down as the last crew undocked.
    (SFC, 8/28/99, p.A10)
1999        Aug 27, In Russia investigators suspected that at least 12 current or former Russian officials had diverted $15 billion in IMF funds through 2 NY banks. It was reported that an estimated $10 billion left the country illegally each year.
    (USAT, 8/27/99, p.1A)(SFC, 8/28/99, p.A10)
1999        Aug 27, In East Timor some 800 militiamen attacked the village of Mimo and 3 people were killed.
    (SFC, 8/28/99, p.A10)
1999        Aug 27, In Venezuela members of Congress clashed with police as they attempted to defy a government ban on conducting a legislative session.
    (SFC, 8/28/99, p.A1)

2000        Aug 27, Pres. Clinton visited the village of Ushafa in Nigeria and urged Nigerians to confront the "tyranny" of AIDS.
    (SFC, 8/28/00, p.A1)
2000        Aug 27, In Colombia gunmen killed at least 17 people in 2 massacres at Cienaga and Buenaventura.
    (SFC, 8/28/00, p.A12)
2000        Aug 27, In Costa Rica 10 people were killed when a small plane crashed into a volcano.
    (SFC, 8/28/00, p.A12)
2000        Aug 27, In Iran fighting between students and hard-liners in Khorramabad left a police officer dead.
    (SFC, 8/30/00, p.B10)
2000        Aug 27, In Lebanon elections were held for 63 seats of the 128-member parliament for Mount Lebanon and North Lebanon.
    (SFC, 8/28/00, p.A11)
2000        Aug 27, Kidnappers in the southern Philippines released 6 foreign hostages for a reported $5 million in ransom. The 5 were part of a group of 21 kidnapped on Apr 23.
    (SFC, 8/28/00, p.A11)
2000        Aug 27, In Moscow the Ostankino television tower caught on fire and burned for close to 26 hours. 2 people were found dead in an elevator that fell some 1000 feet during the fire. A 3rd body was later found in the elevator shaft.
    (SFC, 8/28/00, p.A12)(SFC, 8/29/00, p.A7)(WSJ, 8/30/00, p.A1)
2000        Aug 27, In Russia a ferry collided with a barge at the Votkinsky reservoir and 6 people were killed with 16 injured.
    (SFC, 8/28/00, p.A12)

2001        Aug 27, The Bush administration confirmed that Sec. of State Colin Powell would not attend the UN conference on racism in Durban, South Africa.
    (SFC, 8/28/01, p.A6)
2001        Aug 27, An unmanned US reconnaissance aircraft, Predator, was reported shot down over southern Iraq near Basra. In northern Iraq US planes attacked a missile and Iraq claimed 1 civilian was killed.
    (SFC, 8/28/01, p.A7)(WSJ, 8/28/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 27, Intel unveiled a 2-GHz Pentium 4 chip.
    (SFC, 8/27/01, p.D1)
2001        Aug 27, Michael Dertouzos, MIT computer scientist, died at age 64. His books included ""The Unfinished Revolution: Human Centered Computers and What They Can Do For Us." He also helped drive the creation of the WWW Consortium to ensure uniformity on the Web.
    (SFC, 8/31/01, p.A24)
2001        Aug 27, Australia denied access to the Tampa, a Norwegian cargo ship carrying some 433 refugees, mostly from Afghanistan, who had been rescued from a sinking Indonesian ferry.
    (SFC, 8/29/01, p.A8)(Econ, 5/7/05, Survey p.13)
2001        Aug 27, In Belarus a videotape was released that showed 2 men saying they were members of the Belarus KGB and had shot to death 2 Lukashenko opponents in Sep., 1999.
    (SFC, 8/28/01, p.A6)
2001        Aug 27, Israeli helicopters fired missiles into the offices of Mustafa Zibri, chief of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, in El Bireh. Zibri was killed and thousands of Palestinians began protests.
    (SFC, 8/28/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 27, In Indonesia PM Megawati reached an agreement with the IMF to restart a $5 billion loan that was halted last Dec.
    (WSJ, 8/28/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 27, In Macedonia NATO troops began collecting rebel weapons and one British soldier was killed when a suspected block of concrete was thrown at his vehicle by Macedonian youths.
    (SFC, 8/28/01, p.A6)(WSJ, 8/28/01, p.A1)
2001        Aug 27, Peru's Congress voted to lift the constitutional immunity of former President Alberto Fujimori, so that prosecutors could charge him with crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 8/27/02)
2001        Aug 27, It was reported that AIDS victims in Thailand were packing stadiums to receive V-1 Immunitor, a locally produced drug advertised as a clinically tested oral AIDS vaccine. Salang Bunnag sponsored the giveaway directed at Thailand’s 755,000 AIDS patients.
    (SFC, 8/27/01, p.A1)

2002        Aug 27, Pres. Bush met with Prince Bandar bin Sultan of Saudi Arabia, who said war with Iraq was not acceptable and that Saudi Arabia would not cooperate. Bush told the Saudi diplomat he had not yet decided whether to attack Iraq.
    (SFC, 8/28/02, p.A1)(AP, 8/27/03)
2002        Aug 27, Stanley R. Greenberg (74), writer, died. His work included over 40 plays for stage, film and TV including the screenplay for the 1973 film "Soylent Green."
    (SFC, 8/28/02, p.A19)(MoTV, 1977, p.667)
2002        Aug 27, In northern Colombia government forces clashed with rebels, killing eight guerrillas. The eight were among 14 people killed in scattered fighting across the insurgency-plagued nation.
    (AP, 8/27/02)
2002        Aug 27, A Tokyo court acknowledged for the first time Japan's use of biological weapons before and during World War II, but rejected demands for compensation by 180 Chinese who claimed they were victims of the germ warfare program.
    (AP, 8/27/03)
2002        Aug 27, In Macedonia 2 policemen were killed ahead of Sep 15 elections.
    (WSJ, 8/27/02, p.A1)
2002        Aug 27, Two Russian border guards were arrested and confessed to killing eight of their comrades in Ingushetia to avenge hazing. President Vladimir Putin called for better discipline and combat-readiness amid a string of deadly incidents.
    (AP, 8/28/02)
2002        Aug 27, In South Africa delegates to the World Summit on Sustainable Development called for increased global efforts to bring new agricultural technologies to poor farmers to help feed the developing world.
    (AP, 8/27/02)
2002        Aug 27, In Sudan more members of the opposition Popular National Congress, including two former government ministers, were arrested on suspicion of creating "instability."
    (AP, 8/28/02)

2003        Aug 27, The Bush administration relaxed clean air rules to allow industrial plants to make upgrades without installing pollution controls.
    (SFC, 8/28/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 27, A moving crew rolled a massive Ten Commandments monument out of the rotunda of the Alabama Judicial Building to comply with a federal court order as protesters knelt, prayed and chanted, "Put it back!"
    (AP, 8/27/04)
2003        Aug 27, Oklahoma charged Bernie Ebbers (62), ex-CEO of WorldCom, and 6 other former executives with 15 felony violations of state's securities laws. The charges against Ebbers were dropped when the Federal government filed on March 2, 2004 security fraud and conspiracy charges. Ebbers was found guilty of all charges on March 15, 2005. He was sentenced to 25 years in a federal prison in Louisiana, the toughest sentence yet among other recent corporate accounting scandals.
    (SFC, 8/28/03, p.B1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Ebbers#Criminal_charges)
2003        Aug 27, In Chicago Salvador Tapia (36) shot and killed 6 people inside Windy City Core Supply Inc. autoparts warehouse. He opened fire on police and was killed. Tapia had been fired from the auto parts warehouse six months earlier.
    (AP, 8/28/04)
2003        Aug 27, American and Afghan forces killed about a dozen insurgents and recaptured a mountain pass in southeastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 8/27/03)
2003        Aug 27, Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder said that Germany was committed to deploying troops to northern Afghanistan to support reconstruction efforts.
    (AP, 8/28/03)
2003        Aug 27, In Nasik, India, thousands of Hindu pilgrims jostling to reach a river for a religious festival toppled a bamboo fence, sparking a stampede that killed at least 39 people, mostly women. At least 125 people were injured.
    (AP, 8/27/03)
2003        Aug 27, In Iraq 2 more US soldiers were killed in combat, and the international relief agency Oxfam said it pulled its foreign staff out of Iraq because of the increasing danger.
    (AP, 8/27/03)
2003        Aug 27, Nepal's rebels announced that they were ending a seven-month cease-fire and withdrawing from peace talks with the government aimed at closing seven years of insurgency.
    (AP, 8/27/03)
2003        Aug 27, The US and North Korea held direct talks for the first time in months, meeting for a half-hour on the sidelines of a six-nation summit in Beijing designed to resolve the standoff over Pyongyang's nuclear program.
    (AP, 8/27/03)
2003        Aug 27, Senegal announced its 5th government in three years under President Abdoulaye Wade, in a Cabinet overhaul that followed criticism of Wade's administration and its handling of recent flooding.
    (AP, 8/27/03)
2003        Aug 27, Serbia declared Kosovo part of its territory.
    (WSJ, 8/28/03, p.A1)
2003        Aug 27, Mars came within 34,646,437 miles of Earth, its closest in the past 60 millennia.
    (SFC, 8/27/03, p.A1)

2004        Aug 27, President Bush signed executive orders designed to strengthen the CIA director's power over the nation's intelligence agencies and create a national counterterrorism center.
    (AP, 8/27/05)
2004        Aug 27, Thousands of cyclists snarled traffic in NYC and police said they arrested more than 250 people and confiscated their bicycles in the first significant protest against President Bush before the Republican convention.
    (Reuters, 8/28/04)
2004        Aug 27, A fire at a University of Mississippi fraternity house killed 3 students.
    (AP, 8/27/05)
2004        Aug 27, It was reported that SABMiller was investing $82.2 million to build a brewery in Dongguan, Guangdong province, China.
    (WSJ, 8/27/04, p.A10)
2004        Aug 27, In eastern Colombia rebels killed a mayor and a former town council member after abducting them at a roadblock.
    (AP, 8/28/04)
2004        Aug 27, Liu Xiang (b.1983), Chinese hurdler, set a record and won Olympic gold in Athens in the 110 meter hurdles with a time of 12.91 seconds equaling the 1993 time of Colin Jackson.
2004        Aug 27, A group of Eritreans expelled from Libya hijacked a plane which was flying them home and forced it to land in Khartoum where they surrendered.
    (AFP, 8/27/04)
2004        Aug 27, Al-Sadr's followers handed over the keys to the Imam Ali Shrine to religious authorities loyal to Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani. Militants, who had been holed up in the site, left it after Iraq's top Shiite cleric brokered a peace deal to end three weeks of fighting. Iraqi police discovered about 10 bodies in a maverick religious court run by rebel Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr's followers.
    (AP, 8/27/04)
2004        Aug 27, In Iraq saboteurs hit a pipeline that runs within the West Qurna oilfields, 90 miles north of the southern city of Basra.
    (AP, 8/28/04)
2004        Aug 27, Pakistan's National Assembly elected former finance minister Shaukat Aziz prime minister, after he was hand-picked for the post by military leader Pres. Pervez Musharraf.
    (Reuters, 8/27/04)
2004        Aug 27, Riot police used water cannons to disperse protesters demanding that the Philippines lift its ban on allowing its citizens to go to war-ravaged Iraq for jobs.
    (AP, 8/27/04)
2004        Aug 27, Officials said one of two Russian airliners that crashed nearly simultaneously was brought down by a terrorist act, after finding traces of explosives in the plane's wreckage. An Islamic militant group claimed responsibility for the attack in a Web statement. Chechen women Amanta Nagayeva (30) and S. Dzhebirkhanova (27) had purchased their tickets at the last minute.
    (AP, 8/27/04)(SFC, 8/31/04, p.A8)
2004        Aug 27, A Zimbabwean court found Briton Simon Mann guilty of attempting to illegally buy arms for an alleged coup plot in oil-rich Equatorial Guinea but absolved 66 other suspected mercenaries. In 2011 Simon Mann authored “Cry Havoc," his chronicle of the failed coup.
    (AP, 8/27/04)(Econ, 12/3/11, p.103)

2005        Aug 27, President Bush asked Americans in his weekly radio address to be patient with the US military mission in Iraq as thousands of pro-Bush and anti-war demonstrators competed for attention in his tiny hometown of Crawford, Texas.
    (AP, 8/27/06)
2005        Aug 27, US Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan said US home prices could fall as the housing surge "inevitably" slows. He cast doubt on central banks' ability to sway such asset values.
    (Reuters, 8/28/05)
2005        Jun 27, Bunnatine Greenhouse, a senior contracting official for the US Army Corps of Engineers, testified to a Democratic Party public committee, alleging specific instances of waste, fraud, and other abuses and irregularities by Halliburton with regard to its operations in Iraq since the Iraq War. In August she was demoted in what her lawyer called an "obvious reprisal" for her revelations about the Halliburton contracts.
    (SFC, 8/29/05, p.A3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bunny_Greenhouse)
2005        Aug 27, John Dobson, Connecticut-based telescope inventor, celebrated his 90th birthday in SF at the Randall Museum.
    (SFC, 8/26/05, p.B1)
2005        Aug 27, Coastal residents jammed freeways and gas stations as they rushed to get out of the way of Hurricane Katrina, which was headed toward New Orleans.
    (AP, 8/27/06)
2005        Aug 27, Sunni negotiator Fakhri al-Qaisi said that the Sunnis have submitted counter-proposals on the constitution to the parliament speaker and will meet later with the U.S. ambassador.
    (AP, 8/27/05)
2005        Aug 27, The US military has released nearly 1,000 prisoners from Abu Ghraib prison after Iraqi authorities requested that they be set free.
    (AP, 8/27/05)
2005        Aug 27, Kyodo News said Kenichi Shinoda, an ex-gang boss in Nagoya and formerly the Yamaguchi-gumi's number-two, became the sixth head of the 90-year-old yakuza gang in a ceremony in the western port city of Kobe. Japan's biggest underworld syndicate, the Yamaguchi-gumi, formally appointed its new don, marking the first change of power for the dreaded group in 16 years.
    (AP, 8/27/05)
2005        Aug 27, A drive-by shooting in Kosovo killed two Serbs and wounded two more. Serbia's PM Vojislav Kostunica blamed the shooting on ethnic Albanians.
    (AP, 8/29/05)
2005        Aug 27, North Korea demanded the US rescind its recent appointment of a special envoy on human rights in the communist country, warning the position could hurt international efforts to end the North's nuclear weapons program. Washington announced last week that Jay Lefkowitz, a former adviser to President Bush, will be in charge of promoting efforts to "improve the human rights of the long-suffering North Korean people."
    (AP, 8/27/05)
2005        Aug 27, Stanislaw Dziwisz (66), Pope John Paul II's longtime aide, was installed as archbishop of Krakow.
    (AP, 8/27/05)
2005        Aug 27, In Sweden the HSB Turning Torso skyscraper was completed and became the new landmark for the city of Malmo.
    (Econ, 2/2/13, SR p.8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turning_Torso)
2005        Aug 27, UN member states agreed to let about 30 nations take the lead in trying to resolve major differences over an action plan world leaders can adopt at next month's summit.
    (AP, 8/27/05)

2006        Aug 27, Heart-pounding spy thriller "24" finally broke through at the Emmy Awards, winning the prize as best drama series in its fifth try, while new workplace satire "The Office" was crowned best comedy.
    (Reuters, 8/28/06)
2006        Aug 27, In Kentucky a Comair commuter jet carrying 50 people, crashed in a field and caught fire shortly after taking off in light rain. The co-pilot was the sole survivor. The taxi route for commercial jets using Blue Grass Airport's main runway was altered a week before Comair Flight 5191 took the wrong runway and crashed.
    (AP, 8/27/06)(AP, 8/28/07)
2006        Aug 27, Ernesto became the first hurricane of the Atlantic season with winds of 75 mph, and forecasters said it would strengthen as it headed toward the Gulf of Mexico.
    (AP, 8/27/06)
2006        Aug 27, In Afghanistan insurgent attacks in Helmand province killed a British soldier, while 10 suspected Taliban militants died when police repelled an attack on a government compound in the same province. Insurgent attacks left seven wounded in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 8/27/06)(AP, 8/28/06)
2006        Aug 27, In Brazil archbishop Luciano Mendes de Almeida (75), an avid human rights defender, died.
    (AP, 8/27/06)
2006        Aug 27, Britain’s National Patient Safety Agency reported that 2,159 patients died between April 2005 and March 2006 as a result of "patient safety incidents" in the National Health Service (NHS).
    (AP, 8/27/06)
2006        Aug 27, China adopted a new bankruptcy law making it easier to restructure insolvent firms. It became effective on June 1, 2007.
2006        Aug 27, State media quoted officials saying that one-third of China's vast landmass is suffering from acid rain caused by its rapid industrial growth, while local leaders are failing to enforce environmental standards for fear of hurting business.
    (AP, 8/27/06)
2006        Aug 27, In western India a water tank collapsed during a Bharatpur town fair, killing 45 people who had climbed on top of it to watch a wrestling match.
    (AP, 8/27/06)
2006        Aug 27, Iran test fired a new submarine-to-surface missile during war games in the Persian Gulf. A brief video clip showed the long-range missile, called Thaqeb, or Saturn, exiting the water and hitting a target on the water's surface within less than a mile.
    (AP, 8/27/06)
2006        Aug 27, In Baghdad 2 explosions killed at least 12 people and wounded dozens. Gunmen in 3 cars opened fire at the outdoor market of Khalis, a mostly Shiite town. 12 people were killed and 25 others were wounded. 7 US soldiers were killed in and around Baghdad, 6 by roadside bombs and one by gunfire. Bombings and shootings killed at least 73 people across the country. A US service member died in fighting in Anbar province west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/27/06)(AP, 8/28/06)(SFC, 8/28/06, p.A3)(AP, 8/29/06)
2006        Aug 27, Israeli aircraft fired two missiles at an armored car belonging to the Reuters news agency, wounding five people, including two cameramen. Two Hamas militants were killed in separate airstrikes.
    (AP, 8/27/06)
2006        Aug 27, Jordan's parliament endorsed the country's first anti-terrorism law despite objections by some lawmakers that the bill curtails freedoms.
    (AP, 8/27/06)
2006        Aug 27, Mauritania police said the bodies of 15 people found washed ashore on the beaches of Nouakchatt, Mauritania's capital, are believed to be those of African migrants who were trying to reach Spain's Canary Islands by boat. Spain's Interior Ministry said more than 18,300 people have reached the Canary Islands so far this year, the highest total ever.
    (AP, 8/27/06)
2006        Aug 27, Mexican electoral officials said Juan Sabines, a leftist candidate, won the governor's race in Mexico's volatile southernmost state of Chiapas, edging out Jose Antonio Aguilar, backed by President Vicente Fox's party by about 6,300 votes.
    (AP, 8/27/06)
2006        Aug 27, Hundreds of rioters angered by the killing of a rebel Baluch tribal leader rampaged through Quetta in southwestern Pakistan, burning shops, banks and police vehicles. Police arrested 450 rioters who rampaged overnight.
    (AP, 8/27/06)
2006        Aug 27, Militants freed Steve Centanni and cameraman Olaf Wiig, two Fox News journalists in the Gaza Strip, ending a nearly two week hostage drama.
    (AP, 8/27/06)
2006        Aug 27, In Russia a man doused himself with flammable liquids and set himself on fire on Red Square before dozens of shocked tourists.
    (AP, 8/28/06)
2006        Aug 27, In Turkey a bomb on a minibus injured 21 people including 10 British tourists. The explosion was in the popular Mediterranean resort town of Marmaris. 2 other bomb blasts hit at the same time in garbage cans on the main boulevard.

2007        Aug 27, Officials announced that US Attorney General Alberto Gonzales had resigned, ending a months long standoff with critics who questioned his honesty and competence at the helm of the Justice Department. Pres. Bush accepted his resignation Aug 24. Solicitor General Paul Clement will be acting attorney general until a replacement is found.
    (AP, 8/27/07)
2007        Aug 27, Sen. Larry Craig, R-Idaho, said in a statement he was not involved in any inappropriate conduct when he was arrested at the Minneapolis airport and should have not pleaded guilty to disorderly conduct. The Capitol Hill newspaper Roll Call reported that Craig was arrested June 11 by a plainclothes officer investigating complaints of lewd conduct in an airport restroom.
    (AP, 8/27/08)
2007        Aug 27, Atlanta Falcons quarterback Michael Vick apologized for "using bad judgment and making bad decisions" and vowed to redeem himself after pleading guilty in Richmond, Va., to a federal dogfighting charge.
    (AP, 8/27/08)
2007        Aug 27, Police arrested Paul Devoe III (43) in Shirley, NY, following 5 recent murders in Texas and one in Pennsylvania. On December 19, 2007, the Texas Travis County District Attorney announced his office's intention to pursue the death penalty.
     (SFC, 8/28/07, p.A6)(www.nytimes.com/2007/08/28/us/28texas.html)
2007        Aug 27, The US-led coalition in Afghanistan accused Taliban militants of falsely reporting civilian casualties to discredit Afghan and international forces. Afghan and US-led coalition troops killed up to 21 suspected Taliban militants in 3 separate clashes in southern Afghanistan. A roadside blast killed 4 Afghan soldiers in the east. 3 American and 2 Afghan soldiers were killed in a Taliban ambush in the Ghazi Abad district of eastern Kunar province. A NATO trooper died in a nearby area.
    (AP, 8/27/07)(Reuters, 8/27/07)(AP, 8/28/07)(AFP, 8/28/07)
2007        Aug 27, In Colombia the Bogota stock exchange launched the sale of up to 20% of state-owned Ecopetrol’s shares.
    (Econ, 9/1/07, p.31)
2007        Aug 27, Ethiopia ordered six Norwegian diplomats to leave the country by Sept. 15, expressing "dissatisfaction" with Norway's conduct in the Horn of Africa region.
    (AP, 8/27/07)
2007        Aug 27, Pres. Sarkozy called for a clear timetable for the withdrawal of foreign troops from Iraq as he outlined an assertive role for France in other world hotspots. Sarkozy urged EU nations to accept a greater share of defense spending to cope with escalating global threats.
    (AFP, 8/27/07)(Reuters, 8/27/07)
2007        Aug 27, The French government said a tax official cheated the government out of 600,000 euros ($820,000) by creating a phantom identity as a university professor and claiming a salary for some 15 years.
    (Reuters, 8/28/07)
2007        Aug 27, In Greece the worst wildfires in living memory have killed 63 people and tore through town and forest alike. In the last 24 hours, 89 new fires broke out. Arson is often suspected, mostly to clear land for development.
    (AP, 8/27/07)
2007        Aug 27, A sniper killed a Shiite pilgrim on a Baghdad bridge while another was killed and six injured in other attacks as tens of thousands of faithful made their way to the southern city of Karbala for a major religious commemoration. At least five people were killed in Karbala as scuffles broke out between police and pilgrims. North of Baghdad hundreds of US and Iraqi forces backed by helicopters and jet fighters killed 33 Sunni insurgents who were holding back the water supply to the Shiite town of Khalis. In Fallujah a mosque suicide bombing left 11 dead and 10 people were wounded in an attack that targeted an anti-al-Qaida Sunni sheik who had just returned from Syria.
    (AP, 8/27/07)(AP, 8/28/07)(AP, 8/29/07)
2007        Aug 27, Israel’s Haaretz newspaper reported that security officials fear Hamas' exiled leadership in Syria is working to renew suicide attacks against Israel in an effort to derail peace efforts by Israel and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. Israeli intelligence assessed that Islamic Hamas militants have smuggled 40 tons of weapons into the Gaza Strip since the group wrested control of the territory in June.
    (AP, 8/27/07)
2007        Aug 27, Morocco's former interior minister, Driss Basri (69), died in a Paris hospital, to be mourned in some circles as a loyal servant of the crown and condemned by others as a ruthless axeman.
    (AFP, 8/27/07)
2007        Aug 27, About 50 pro-democracy activists were arrested outside Yangon, as the Myanmar junta clamped down on dissent following a series of protests last week against a sharp hike in fuel prices.
    (AFP, 8/27/07)
2007        Aug 27, An official said the Dutch government will spend $38 million over the next four years to prevent both the growth of Islamic fundamentalism and right-wing nationalism.
    (AP, 8/27/07)
2007        Aug 27, Gunmen in southern Nigeria set free Peter Agwuna, a Nigerian supervisor for the Elf oil group, who was seized in Port Harcourt about a month ago.
    (AFP, 8/28/07)
2007        Aug 27, Pakistan's PM Aziz called for reconciliation between the country's main political parties as President Gen. Pervez Musharraf prepares to seek re-election. But he said the government had no plans to allow two banned opposition leaders to become premiers again. In northwest Pakistan militants and soldiers exchanged fire, killing one militant and injuring three civilians and a soldier in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 8/28/07)(AP, 8/27/07)
2007        Aug 27, Panama’s cabinet resigned after a tainted medicine scandal and the government’s failure to implement construction safety standards.
    (WSJ, 8/28/07, p.A1)
2007        Aug 27, Russia announced the arrest of 10 people in the killing of journalist and Kremlin critic Anna Politkovskaya. Russia's top prosecutor said a Chechen crime boss, Russian police and security officers were involved in the death of the journalist Anna Politkovskaya. But he suggested that someone outside Russia masterminded the killing of the frequent Kremlin critic.
    (AP, 8/27/07)(AP, 8/27/08)
2007        Aug 27, In South Africa Hewlett-Packard became the first multinational to be exempted from selling 30 percent of its business in South Africa to black investors. Under an agreement reached with the government, the company will instead invest millions of dollars in a new business institute to provide training for 1,800 students over the next six years.
    (AFP, 8/27/07)
2007        Aug 27, A Sudanese criminal court dismissed the case against nine people on trial in connection with the beheading of Mohammed Taha, a prominent journalist, and brought formal charges against 10 other defendants. CARE’s country director Paul Barker said the Sudanese government's Humanitarian Aid Commission had given him 72 hours to leave the country without giving reasons for the decision.
    (AP, 8/27/07)(Reuters, 8/27/07)
2007        Aug 27, Taiwan's leading computer vendor Acer Inc moved to substantially boost its market share by acquiring US rival Gateway amid a major consolidation among the world's top computer companies. Acer said it would pay $710 million for Gateway.
    (AP, 8/27/07)(Econ, 9/1/07, p.60)
2007        Aug 27, The UN opened in Vienna its latest round of talks on global warming.
    (WSJ, 8/27/07, p.A1)
2007        Aug 27, Opera Romana Pellegrinaggi, a Vatican-backed charter airline service, made its inaugural flight, aiming to carry pilgrims to such Catholic shrines as Lourdes, Fatima, Santiago de Compostela and the Holy Land.
    (AP, 8/27/07)

2008        Aug 27, In Colorado Democrats officially made Barack Obama their presidential nominee and Sen. Joe Biden, D-Del., their vice presidential nominee, following speeches by former Pres. Bill Clinton and Sen John Kerry, the Democrat’s 2004 presidential candidate. Obama made a surprise late visit to the convention, following Biden’s acceptance speech, to praise his wife, his former rival, and former President Bill Clinton for going to bat for him.
    (AP, 8/28/08)
2008        Aug 27, In Honolulu Marcus Eriksen and fellow eco-mariner Joel Paschal celebrated the end of their 2,600-mile voyage on what they call the JUNK raft. They had spent three months crossing the Pacific on a raft made of plastic bottles to raise awareness of ocean debris. Research suggested that every square kilometer of the ocean has an average of 13,000 pieces of plastic floating in it. The floating portion was thought to make up only 15% of marine litter.
    (AP, 8/28/08)(Econ, 2/28/09, SR p.9)
2008        Aug 27, US scientists said they have transformed ordinary pancreas cells in living mice into a rarer type of cell that churns out insulin opening possibilities for future treatment of disease.
    (WSJ, 8/28/08, p.D3)
2008        Aug 27, In Afghanistan a German soldier was killed and another three injured in a roadside bomb attack in Kunduz province. Germany counted some 3,300 soldiers as part of the international force in Afghanistan. US-led coalition troops clashed and called in airstrikes against militants in Kunduz province, killing more than a dozen insurgents. In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a US coalition soldier on a patrol. In the Nad Ali area of Helmand province, a fight between police and militants killed 14 insurgents. More than a dozen militants were killed after they attacked a coalition base in Shaheed Hasas district of the southern Uruzgan province. Two Afghan guards also died during the attack. About a dozen militants were killed during a raid by coalition troops in eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 8/27/08)(AP, 8/28/08)(AP, 8/30/08)
2008        Aug 27, The first outbreak of violence in China's western region of Xinjiang since a pair of high-profile attacks during the Olympics left 2 Chinese policemen dead and 7 more wounded. In north China 9 miners in Hebei province became trapped underground after the illegal mine they worked in collapsed. Police were only informed 2 days later. All 9 were feared dead.
    (AP, 8/28/08)(AFP, 8/29/08)
2008        Aug 27, China and Iraq signed a $3 billion deal revising a prewar agreement for China's biggest oil company to help develop the Ahdab oil field. On Sep 2 Iraq’s Cabinet approved the deal with China National Petroleum Corp.
    (AP, 8/28/08)(AP, 9/2/08)
2008        Aug 27, The Group of Seven (G7) industrialized democracies condemned Russia for its actions in Georgia, underlining the country's growing estrangement from the West.
    (AP, 8/28/08)
2008        Aug 27, A US military ship docked at the southern Georgian port of Batumi. Meanwhile, Russia's missile cruiser, the Aurora, and two missile boats, anchored at the port of Sukhumi, the capital of Abkhazia. The moves by both sides underscored an escalating standoff between Moscow and the West over this small Caucasus nation devastated by war with Russia.
    (AP, 8/27/08)
2008        Aug 27, Indian police were ordered to shoot on sight to end Hindu-Christian clashes. Parts of eastern Orissa state have been rocked by Hindu-Christian clashes since Aug 23, when a hardline Hindu holy leader and four other people were shot dead by unknown assailants.
    (AFP, 8/27/08)
2008        Aug 27, American forces arrested Ali al-Lami, a top Iraqi Shiite government official, as he stepped off a plane at Baghdad's airport. The US said the man arrested was a leader of Iranian-backed militias and was behind a bombing that killed 10 people on June 24, including four Americans. An American soldier died of wounds suffered in a roadside bombing a day earlier in northeast Baghdad.
    (AP, 8/27/08)(AP, 8/28/08)
2008        Aug 27, In Indian-administered Kashmir police traded fire with militants allegedly holding 8 people hostage, including 6 children, in a building in Jammu. 3 soldiers and 3 civilians died in the violence. The militants had illegally crossed into Indian Kashmir from Pakistan a day earlier.
    (AP, 8/27/08)(AP, 8/28/08)
2008        Aug 27, Abie Nathan (81), the peace activist who made a dramatic solo flight to Egypt in a rattletrap single-engine plane (1966) and later founded the groundbreaking "Voice of Peace" radio station, died in Tel Aviv.
    (AP, 8/28/08)
2008        Aug 27, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to keep a peacekeeping force in Lebanon for another year, calling for stepped-up efforts to achieve a permanent cease-fire and long-term resolution of the 2006 Israel-Hezbollah war.
    (AP, 8/27/08)
2008        Aug 27, In Mexico a 38-year-old man from Oregon was arrested in San Jose del Cabo following a fight at an apartment complex. He died in jail hours later. On Aug 31 six Mexican officers placed under house arrest on suspicion of homicide.
    (AP, 9/2/08)
2008        Aug 27, In Pakistan security forces clashed with militants across the wild tribal belt, trading fire with insurgents in a health center and repelling a major assault on an outpost in a region known as an al-Qaida safe haven. Officials claimed as many as 49 insurgents died as the fighting spread to South Waziristan.
    (AP, 8/27/08)(SFC, 8/28/08, p.A5)
2008        Aug 27, In Spain tens of thousands of people from around the world hurled tons of ripe tomatoes at each other in the annual food fight in the eastern Spanish town of Bunol.
    (AP, 8/27/08)
2008        Aug 27, Two hijackers, who commandeered a jetliner from Sudan's Darfur region and diverted it to a remote desert airstrip in southern Libya, surrendered after a 22-hour standoff.
    (AP, 8/27/08)
2008        Aug 27, Thailand issued arrest warrants for protest leaders besieging the main government complex, as authorities scrambled to find a peaceful end to the administration's most serious challenge yet.
    (AP, 8/27/08)
2008        Aug 27, Zimbabwe's opposition said it will not join any new government with President Robert Mugabe until power-sharing talks are concluded, after the 84-year-old declared he would name his own cabinet.
    (AFP, 8/27/08)

2009        Aug 27, Chicago's 9-story old main post office, which dated from the 1920s and has been vacant for more than a decade, was sold at auction for $40 million to International Property Developers North America Inc, which did not specify its plans.
    (AP, 8/28/09)
2009        Aug 27, Toyota confirmed that it would stop making cars at the NUMMI plant in Fremont, Ca., idling some 4,700 workers.
    (SFC, 8/28/09, p.A1)
2009        Aug 27, In Afghanistan a US service member died in a militant attack involving a roadside bomb and gunfire, a death that pushed August into a tie with July as the deadliest months of the eight-year war.
    (AP, 8/27/09)
2009        Aug 27, A senior UN official condemned Australia's controversial intervention into remote Aboriginal communities, describing the measures as discriminatory and finding entrenched racism in Australia.
    (Reuters, 8/27/09)
2009        Aug 27, Mike Perham (17) became the youngest person to sail solo around the world with assistance, as he entered British waters after 156 days at sea. The Guinness Book of World Records created a new category for Perham: youngest sailor to circumnavigate the globe solo, supported. His father, Peter, sailed in a boat behind him, but did not offer assistance, which Guinness defines as being accompanied on the boat by another human being.
    (AFP, 8/27/09)
2009        Aug 27, In Honduras a plan was made public in which the interim leader offered to resign and back exiled President Manuel Zelaya's return home, provided the ousted leader gives up his claim to the presidency.
    (AP, 8/28/09)
2009        Aug 27, In Iraq car bombs targeted primarily Iraqi troops in the city and a northern Baghdad suburb, killing one and wounding 22 people. Iraqi forces tightened security around Shiite mosques, shrines and political party offices ahead of the funeral of Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim, a top Shiite leader, who died in Iran a day earlier.
    (AP, 8/27/09)
2009        Aug 27, In Mexico the bodies of four farm workers were found dumped in a stable for bulls in the western state of Michoacan. The bodies bore signs of torture and had the letter "Z" carved into their foreheads, a possible reference to the Zetas, hit men tied to the Gulf cartel. In the northern state of Nuevo Leon, state Public Safety Secretary Aldo Fasci said about 2,000 police officers across the state had been fired over the last two years for suspected links to organized crime and drug cartels. Speaking at a meeting of private security firms, he said 500 others were dismissed for other causes.
    (AP, 8/28/09)
2009        Aug 27, In Oaxaca, Mexico, supporters of a teacher’s union tried to retake a school controlled by Section 59 when gunfire erupted and teacher Antonio Norberto Camacho was shot to death. Section 59 was created in the midst of the protests led by Section 22 and anti-government groups in 2006.
    (AP, 8/29/09)
2009        Aug 27, In Myanmar fresh fighting erupted between government forces and an armed ethnic group in the remote northeast, forcing tens of thousands to flee across the border into China.
    (Reuters, 8/28/09)
2009        Aug 27, In Pakistan a suicide bomber killed at least 19 security officers at the Torkham security checkpoint, one of the main border crossings for convoys ferrying NATO supplies into Afghanistan. A suspected US drone fired two missiles at a militant hide-out in northwest Pakistan, killing at least six people and wounding nine.
    (AP, 8/27/09)(AP, 8/30/09)   
2009        Aug 27, In Russia Sergei Mikhalkov (96), an author favored by Stalin who wrote the lyrics for the Soviet and Russian national anthems, died. He fathered two noted film directors. As a functionary and later chairman of the government-regulated Soviet Writers' Union, Mikhalkov became an integral part of the propaganda machine designed to indoctrinate Soviet citizens and weed out dissidents.
    (AP, 8/27/09)(Econ, 9/12/09, p.96)
2009        Aug 27, In Saudi Arabia a suicide bomber targeted the assistant interior minister, Prince Mohammed bin Nayef, and blew himself up just before going into a gathering of well-wishers for the Muslim holy month of Ramadan in Jiddah. Nayef was slightly wounded.
    (AP, 8/28/09)
2009        Aug 27, In Sudan Martin Luther Agwai, the outgoing military commander of the joint UN-African Union (UNAMID) peacekeeping force in the western Sudan region, said there is no more war in Darfur. Agwai defended his soldiers against persistent criticism of their effectiveness, insisting they have ended the massacres that long plagued the Sudanese region. The Nigerian officer will be replaced next week by Rwandan Patrick Nyamvumba.
    (AFP, 8/27/09)
2009        Aug 27, Taiwan's president angered China with his surprise announcement that he has agreed to let the Dalai Lama visit the island to comfort survivors of a devastating typhoon.
    (AP, 8/27/09)   
2009        Aug 27, A Turkish train collided with a construction vehicle during a journey from Ankara to Istanbul, derailing several carriages and leaving many people injured.
    (AP, 8/27/09)
2009        Aug 27, Uruguay lawmakers approved a bill allowing gay and lesbian couples to adopt. The 99-seat Chamber or Representatives passed the bill 40-13, with the remaining members absent. The law, still needing Senate approval, was supported by socialist President Tabare Vazquez's Broad Front coalition, which has already legalized gay civil unions and ended a ban on homosexuals in the armed forces.
    (AP, 8/28/09)
2009        Aug 27, Vietnam police took Bui Thanh Hieu, who writes a blog under the pen name Nguoi Buon Gio, or Wind Trader, into custody for questioning. Pham Doan Trang, a writer for the popular online newspaper VietnamNet, was detained the day before. Both were released on Sep 6.
    (AP, 9/6/09)
2009        Aug 27, In Zimbabwe South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma he met with PM Tsvangirai who has accused Mugabe's ZANU-PF party of stalling on reforms and continuing to attack and harass its activists.
    (AP, 8/28/09)

2010        Aug 27, Aijalon Gomes (31) hugged former US President Jimmy Carter and boarded a plane for Boston, seven months after his arrest in North Korea. The North's state news agency said Kim Yong Nam, the number two leader, has told former Carter that the reclusive state is committed to denuclearizing the peninsula and resuming six-way talks.
    (AP, 8/27/10)(Reuters, 8/27/10)
2010        Aug 27, The Washington Post reported that the CIA is making payments to a significant number of officials in Afghan President Hamid Karzai's administration. The Post also cited a former CIA official as saying that the CIA payments to Afghan officials were necessary because "the head of state is not going to tell you everything" and because Karzai often seems unaware of moves that members of his own government make.
    (Reuters, 8/27/10)
2010        Aug 27, US federal officials said they had arrested 370 illegal immigrants as part of a 3-day roundup in the Midwest.
    (SFC, 8/28/10, p.A5)
2010        Aug 27, The US military said it is demanding to know what happened to $1.9 million worth of computers intended for Iraqi schoolchildren. The computers were allegedly auctioned off by Iraqi officials for less than $50,000.
    (SFC, 8/28/10, p.A2)
2010        Aug 27, Scott Curley (23) shot and killed Utah Kane county Deputy Brian Harris (41) following an attempted robbery. Harris was shot near Fredonia, just south of the Utah border. Curley escaped into the desert area along the Utah-Arizona border.
    (SFC, 8/28/10, p.A5)
2010        Aug 27, Homemade bombs killed 3 US troops in southern and eastern Afghanistan. 3 insurgents were reported killed and 3 detained in eastern Paktiya province by Afghan and coalition forces pursuing a Taliban sub-commander.
    (AP, 8/27/10)
2010        Aug 27, Australian police warned social networking sites to be alert to illegal child sex activity, after cracking an alleged pedophile porn ring operating on Facebook. Australian police said six arrests had been made in Britain, including the alleged head of the network, three in Australia and two in Canada.
    (AFP, 8/27/10)
2010        Aug 27, Bahrain's public prosecutor banned media from reporting on a prominent Shiite activist and scores of other opposition members detained in an ongoing crackdown ahead of October parliament elections.
    (AP, 8/27/10)
2010        Aug 27, Forensic experts in Bosnia said they have exhumed the remains of 54 Muslim civilians killed in the July, 1995, Srebrenica massacre. The skeletal remains were dug out of three mass graves buried under garbage at a dump site near Srebrenica.
    (AP, 8/27/10)
2010        Aug 27, British researchers said they have decoded the genetic sequence of wheat.
    (SFC, 8/28/10, p.A2)
2010        Aug 27, In northern Iraq gunmen killed three anti-Qaeda militiamen overnight in the latest revenge attack against the force credited with turning the tide against the jihadists.
    (AFP, 8/27/10)
2010        Aug 27, Kenya's President Mwai Kibaki signed a new constitution into law that institutes a US-style system of checks and balances and has been hailed as the most significant political event since Kenya's independence nearly a half century ago.
    (AP, 8/27/10)
2010        Aug 27, In northern Mexico a car exploded in front of the offices of a major Mexican television station in Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas state, where officials were investigating the massacre of 72 Central and South American migrants.
    (AP, 8/27/10)
2010        Aug 27, Myanmar's junta carried out a major military reshuffle Friday that retired more than a dozen senior leaders, in an apparent move to prepare for November national elections.
    (AP, 8/27/10)
2010        Aug 27, In Nigeria Jhalil Tafawa Balewa, a physician, businessman and son of the country's first prime minister, was abducted by gunmen and taken to a forest in Katampe area on the outskirts of Abuja. The next day police engaged the suspects and rescued the abductee.
    (AFP, 8/29/10)
2010        Aug 27, Some Nigerian women and girls are being forced into prostitution in neighboring Ivory Coast after being deceived with promises of a better life outside of their country, according to a new report by Human Rights Watch.
    (AP, 8/27/10)
2010        Aug 27, Hundreds of thousands of Pakistanis fled floodwaters after the surging River Indus smashed through levees in two places, but many refused to leave the danger zone while others took shelter in an ancient graveyard for Muslim saints.
    (AP, 8/27/10)
2010        Aug 27, In Peru Police two Roman Catholic priests were stabbed to death inside the historic at the San Francisco monastery two blocks from Lima's main square. The victims are identified as Ananias Aguila of Peru and Linan Ruiz of Puerto Rico.
    (AP, 8/27/10)
2010        Aug 27, In Russia 9 suspected militants were killed in two separate shootouts with police in the Kabardino-Balkariya republic. Separately 5 suspected militants and a police officer were killed in another shootout in the republic of Dagestan.
    (AP, 8/28/10)
2010        Aug 27, Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir, for whom international arrest warrants have been issued over the Darfur conflict, returned home after a trip to Kenya.
    (AFP, 8/28/10)
2010        Aug 27, In northern Turkey overnight torrential rains triggered landslides and floods in Gundogdu, killing at least 12 people.
    (AP, 8/27/10)
2010        Aug 27, The UN anti-racism panel called on Iran to counter racism and ethnic discrimination, including incitement to hatred by officials and "double discrimination suffered by women from minorities.
    (AP, 8/27/10)
2010        Aug 27, A Venezuelan National Guard helicopter crashed during a counter-drug mission near the Colombian border, killing all 10 soldiers on board.
    (AP, 8/28/10)
2010        Aug 27, In Yemen gunmen killed a soldier and wounded three others in an ambush in the southern province of Lahij.
    (AFP, 8/28/10)

2011        Aug 27, Hurricane Irene knocked out power to nearly 250,000 customers in North Carolina and Virginia and a nuclear power station in the storm's path reduced power but remained undamaged.
    (Reuters, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, In northern California Jere Melo, a Fort Bragg councilman, was shot and killed after he stumbled on a marijuana operation east of the city. Aaron Bassler was identified as the suspect in the shooting.
    (SFC, 8/29/11, p.C1)
2011        Aug 27, In Afghanistan a car bomb exploded outside a bank in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province, killing four people, including 3 children. Less than three hours later, two explosions hit Kandahar. The first blast, a car bomb outside the city's main hospital, wounded seven people. Soon after, a suicide car bomber blew up his vehicle near a police compound, killing 3 civilians and wounding more than 20 people. A NATO service member was killed in a roadside bombing in the south.
    (AP, 8/27/11)(AFP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, In Brazil a streetcar popular with tourists derailed in Rio de Janeiro and at least five people were killed.
    (AP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 27, Seven heavily armed assailants boarded the Cameroonian ship Monica with 150 people on board off the coast of Nigeria and took its captain hostage. The others on board were released unharmed.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, The Canadian Union of Public Employees, which represents 6,800 Air Canada flight attendants, said Air Canada flight attendants have rejected a tentative contract that union bargainers negotiated with the country's largest air carrier. The union has scheduled a strike vote for next month.
    (Reuters, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, National carrier Egyptair resumed direct flights to Iraq after a break of 21 years.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, Indian hunger-striker Anna Hazare (74), who has led a huge public campaign against corruption, agreed to end his 12-day fast after forcing new concessions from lawmakers.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, Off eastern Indonesia a ferry sank off southern Sulawesi killing at least 12 people. 93 people were rescued, but others were feared trapped.
    (SSFC, 8/28/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 27, In Iraq 24 people, all but one of them women and children, were killed when a bus caught fire after being hit by a car in the northern city of Kirkuk. 3 more people were killed in the car.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)(SSFC, 8/28/11, p.A6)
2011        Aug 27, Iran warned that a power vacuum in Damascus could spark an unprecedented regional crisis, as thousands of protesters insisted they will defy tanks and bullets until President Bashar Assad is toppled.
    (AP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, In Iran residents of Orumiyeh residents demonstrated against parliament’s refused in mid-August to fast-track a rescue plan to save Lake Orumiyeh, Iran’s largest lake. The drying lake, situated between East and West Azarbaijan provinces in the northwest, has lost more than half of its surface over the last two decades due to drought and the damming of rivers feeding it. The protest was repressed by force.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)
2011        Aug 27, Iran inaugurated a plant for producing carbon fiber, which it is banned from importing by international sanctions targeting dual-use materials.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, In Libya rebels claimed victory over the suburb of Qasr bin Ghashir, near Tripoli's airport, after an overnight battle. Egyptian news agency MENA reported from Tripoli that six armored Mercedes sedans have crossed the border at the southwestern Libyan town of Ghadamis into Algeria. Khamis Gaddafi and Abdullah al-Senussi were reportedly killed by a unit of the national liberation army during clashes in Tarhouna. Khamis had been reported dead twice before during the uprising.
    (AP, 8/27/11)(Reuters, 8/29/11)
2011        Aug 27, In Pakistan some 200 to 300 "terrorists" based in Afghanistan attacked seven paramilitary Frontier Corps checkposts in the northwestern district of Chitral. Pakistani military said 25 troops and 20 militants were reported killed in the cross-border raid. Local police said 38 soldiers and 9 militants were killed.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)(SSFC, 8/28/11, p.A8)
2011        Aug 27, In the Philippines a slow-moving typhoon made landfall, drenching most of the north and triggering landslides that killed five children and a man digging for gold. Super-typhoon Nanmadol killed at least 16 people and left flattened bridges and blocked roads in its wake as it moved away from the Philippines and churned towards Taiwan.
    (AP, 8/27/11)(AP, 8/28/11)(AFP, 8/29/11)
2011        Aug 27, Singapore held its first contested presidential election in nearly two decades. The election was emerging as a two-way fight between Tony Tan (71), widely perceived as the government's candidate, and former legislator and ex-PAP member Tan Cheng Bock, a medical doctor. Former deputy prime minister Tony Tan was elected president with a margin of just 7,269 votes out of 2.1 million ballots cast.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)(AFP, 8/28/11)
2011        Aug 27, Singapore held its first contested presidential election in nearly two decades. The election was emerging as a two-way fight between Tony Tan (71), widely perceived as the government's candidate, and former legislator and ex-PAP member Tan Cheng Bock, a medical doctor.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, Syrian security forces fanned out in flashpoint cities nationwide to crush protests against President Bashar Assad.
    (AP, 8/27/11)
2011        Aug 27, Turkey’s government published a decree for returning assets that once belonged to Greek, Armenian or Jewish trusts. It made provisions for the government to pay compensation for any confiscated property that has since been sold on.
    (AP, 8/28/11)

2012        Aug 27, NYC prosecutors said Democrat state Senator Shirley Huntley helped create a false paper trail to conceal that a nonprofit agency she had founded was a sham charity that allowed her nice and an aide pocket money rather than help poor parents navigate the city’s school system.
    (SFC, 8/28/12, p.A5)
2012        Aug 27, Share of Hertz Global Holdings Inc. and Dollar Thrifty rose after Hertz struck a deal to acquire Thrifty for about $2.6 billion.
    (SFC, 8/28/12, p.D2)
2012        Aug 27, The US FDA said it has approved a request by Gilead Sciences to sell a pill for new HIV patients that combines four of the company’s drugs into one. The Stribild therapy contains two new rugs and two previously approved compounds for the Truvada HIV medicine.
    (SFC, 8/29/12, p.D2)
2012        Aug 27, In Afghanistan 2 American soldiers were shot and killed by one of their Afghan colleagues in Laghman province. A NATO helicopter crashed in Logar province, but NATO said no one was killed.
    (AP, 8/27/12)(AP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 27, Greenpeace said in a statement that 14 activists have chained themselves to the anchor chain of the vessel which was carrying Gazprom's workers to the Prirazlomnaya platform in the Pechora Sea.
    (AP, 8/27/12)
2012        Aug 27, In China Tibetans Lobsang Kalsang (18), a Buddhist monk, and former monk Damchoek (17) died in hospital after setting themselves on fire in Aba town.
    (AFP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 27, In northwest China a commercial van slammed into a truck, killing nine people.
    (AP, 8/27/12)
2012        Aug 27, Curacao conservationists and residents said an extensive fuel spill has fouled a stretch of shoreline and oiled pink flamingos and other wildlife in a nature preserve on the tiny Dutch Caribbean island.
    (AP, 8/28/12)
2012        Aug 27, Iraqi officials said gunmen with silenced weapons killed army Brig. Gen. Abdul-Muhsen Khazal in the Sunni town of Taji. Two civilians died in separate attacks in Haditha and Mosul.
    (AP, 8/27/12)
2012        Aug 27, In Kenya deadly riots broke out in Kenya's main port of Mombasa after the assassination of a radical cleric linked to Somalia's Al-Qaeda-allied Shebab militants. Thousands of angry protestors took to the streets after Aboud Rogo Mohammed, who was on US and UN sanction lists for allegedly supporting the Shebab, was shot dead. One civilian was killed in the riots.
    (AFP, 8/27/12)(AP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 27, In Nigeria 10 people were killed in floods in Adamawa state following the release of water from a dam in Cameroon.
    (SFC, 8/27/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 27, In southwestern Pakistan two gunmen riding a motorcycle opened fire on a car carrying Shiite Muslims in Quetta, killing three of them. In a separate incident, gunmen killed five Sunni Muslims in the town of Mach in Baluchistan. Fighting in Bajaur claimed the lives of 31 militants and two members of a government-backed peace committee.
    (AP, 8/27/12)(AFP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 27, Senegal’s President Macky Sall cut short his trip to South Africa, and was returning to Senegal where he had ordered a full emergency response after weekend torrential rain left 6 people dead.
    (AP, 8/27/12)
2012        Aug 27, In Somalia African Union forces seized the port city of Merca from rebels linked to al-Qaida. At least 5 children were killed and more than 10 others wounded in a blast in a school in Balad, after they played with explosives left over from fighting in the area.
    (AP, 8/27/12)(AFP, 8/27/12)
2012        Aug 27, In South Africa strikers threatened retaliation against non-strikers at the London-listed Lonmin mine where most of the 28,000-workforce did not show up for shift 11 days after the country's worst police violence since apartheid.
    (AFP, 8/27/12)

2012        Aug 27, A Syrian military helicopter caught fire and crashed after it was apparently hit during fighting between government forces and rebels in the capital Damascus. SANA reported that authorities released a total of 378 people detained for their participation in street protests. A car-bomb killed 12 mourners at a funeral for two regime supporters in the largely Druze and Christian Damascus suburb of Jaramana. Some 190 people were reported killed across Syria.
    (AP, 8/27/12)(AFP, 8/28/12)(Economist, 9/1/12, p.49)
2012        Aug 27, In Syria Czech Ambassador Eva Filipi, who has overseen US interests in Syria since the US embassy was closed in February, told a Czech television station that US reporter Austin Tice (31) has been "detained by government forces on the outskirts of Damascus. Tice last communicated with his colleagues on August 13, though he did not indicate how he planned to leave Syria.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)
2012        Aug 27, Tunisia extended the state of emergency in the country for another month ahead of the start of the new school year over fears of increased violence. This was the 8th extension following the popular uprising that overthrew long-ruling dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali a year and a half ago.
    (AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 27, Uganda's Pres. Yoweri Museveni made his son, Col. Muhoozi Kainerugaba, a one-star general and appointed him commander of the country's special forces, leading some Ugandans to conclude that the son is being groomed to succeed his father.
    (AP, 8/27/12)

2013        Aug 27, Entergy Corp. said it will shut down the Yankee Nuclear Power Station, Vermont’s only nuclear power plant, in the 4th quarter of 2014.
    (SFC, 8/28/13, p.A8)
2013        Aug 27, In Brazil a commercial building, under construction in Sao Paulo, collapsed and killed at least 6 people.
    (SFC, 8/28/13, p.A2)
2013        Aug 27, British farm union officials said a cull of badgers has begun in a bid to halt the spread of cattle tuberculosis. Plans called for about 5,000 badgers to be killed during the six-week program.
    (AP, 8/27/13)
2013        Aug 27, In the Central African Republic sustained gunfire and looting broke out overnight in Bangui, causing many people to flee their homes.
    (AFP, 8/27/13)
2013        Aug 27, A Dominican Rep. judge ruled there is enough evidence to try sect leader Peter Brunck (62) and his son, Daniel Roland, on weapons violations and a charge of "rebellion." They faced up to 10 years in prison, and prosecutors said further counts are possible. The Academy for Future Health's German-language website says the planet is "cleansing itself of the debris that lives on its surface," and goes on to mention aspects of the global financial crisis, extraterrestrials and the looming fall of the "inhuman" US government.
    (AP, 9/2/13)
2013        Aug 27, In Ingushetia unidentified gunmen assassinated the top regional security official as he was being driven to work.
    (AFP, 8/27/13)
2013        Aug 27, Kyrgyzstan officials scrambled to control the spread of bubonic plague that killed a rural boy last week as three more people showed possible symptoms of the disease.
    (AFP, 8/27/13)
2013        Aug 27, Pakistani Taliban fighters attacked an army camp overnight near the Afghan border, killing at least one soldier.
    (AP, 8/27/13)
2013        Aug 27, In Portugal and Spain firefighters and local residents struggled to tackle raging wildfires that have consumed large swathes of forest, claiming the lives of 4 emergency workers. Almost 31,000 hectares (77,000 acres) of Portugal's countryside has already been destroyed by fire this year.
    (AFP, 8/27/13)
2013        Aug 27, South Africa's petrol station and car dealership workers announced a strike for higher wages next week, signaling further labor disruption to a struggling economy that also faces looming stoppages in its gold mines.
    (Reuters, 8/27/13)
2013        Aug 27, Syria's foreign minister said his country would defend itself using "all means available" in case of a US strike, denying his government was behind an alleged chemical weapons attack near Damascus and challenging Washington to present proof backing up its accusations.
    (AP, 8/27/13)
2013        Aug 27, Tunisia’s PM Ali Larayedh declared Ansar al-Sharia a terrorist organization after obtaining proof it killed two secular politicians and several soldiers.
    (Reuters, 8/27/13)

2014        Aug 27, White House Press Sec. Josh Earnest confirmed that Douglas McAuthur McCain, of the Minneapolis area, was fighting alongside militants who were trying to carve out their own state in Iraq and Syria, and that he had died there.
    (Reuters, 8/27/14)(SFC, 8/28/14, p.A3)
2014        Aug 27, Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal sued the Obama administration over school standards. The suit accused the US Dept. of Education of illegally manipulating money and regulations to force states to adopt Common Core standards.
    (SFC, 8/28/14, p.A6)
2014        Aug 27, In in Stratford, Pa., Raymond Wychowanec (63) shot and killed his hospitalized wife (62) and then tried to kill himself, prompting investigators to search their New Jersey home, where their son (35) was found fatally shot.
    (AP, 8/27/14)
2014        Aug 27, An F-15 fighter jet enroute to Louisiana crashed in a mountainous area western Virginia. Pilot Lt. Col. Morris Fontenot Jr. was killed.
    (SFC, 8/28/14, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/kgw6bvm)
2014        Aug 27, Afghanistan's deadlocked presidential election veered further off course after both candidates withdrew their observers from a U.N.-supervised audit of votes that was meant to resolve the crisis.
    (Reuters, 8/27/14)
2014        Aug 27, Australia’s intelligence chief David Irvine said 15 Australians, including two suicide bombers, are believed to have died fighting in Syria and Iraq and warned that espionage and foreign intervention threats were increasing.
    (AFP, 8/27/14)
2014        Aug 27, Britain's bailed-out Royal Bank of Scotland was fined £14 million for not taking enough care to explain to home-buyers the costs of taking out a mortgage.
    (AFP, 8/27/14)
2014        Aug 27, Bulgarian poet Valeri Petrov (born as Valeri Nissim Mevorah in 1920), died. His many translations included the complete works of Shakespeare.
    (AP, 8/27/14)
2014        Aug 27, Cameroon's army attacked the Nigerian Islamist group Boko Haram, shelling one of their camps across the border and reportedly killing "many" fighters.
    (AFP, 8/28/14)
2014        Aug 27, China moved to limit 2017 elections for Hong Kong's leader to a handful of candidates loyal to Beijing.
    (Reuters, 8/27/14)
2014        Aug 27, China and Vietnam said they're committed to negotiating maritime disputes to avoid a recurrence of tensions that spiked when China deployed an oil rig in waters claimed by Hanoi.
    (AP, 8/27/14)
2014        Aug 27, A landslide in southwest China killed at least 15 people, with 8 missing and 22 injured.
    (Reuters, 8/30/14)(SFC, 8/30/14, p.A2)
2014        Aug 27, Muslims for Human Rights alleged that corrupt Kenyan wildlife rangers have been killing poachers to cover up the officers' collusion with the criminals slaughtering the country's elephants. The group has documented the disappearances of 18 suspected poachers over the last three years.
    (AP, 8/27/14)
2014        Aug 27, Moldova and Romania inaugurated a new pipeline that will pump gas from Romania to Moldova in an attempt to reduce the former Soviet republic's dependence on Russian energy. However, 43-km (28-mile) pipeline will provide only five percent of its gas needs.
    (AP, 8/27/14)
2014        Aug 27, In central Nigeria clashes broke out in Nasawrawa state, a week after some Eggon villagers accused Fulanis of stealing cattle. Fighting between the Fulani herdsmen and farmers from the Eggon ethnic group left at least 60 people dead, mostly from machete cuts.
    (Reuters, 8/28/14)
2014        Aug 27, Saudi authorities beheaded three citizens after they were convicted of murder in separate cases, bringing to 41 the number of executions there this year.
    (AFP, 8/27/14)
2014        Aug 27, Sierra Leone said a third top doctor has died from Ebola, as health workers tried to determine how a fourth scientist also contracted the disease before being evacuated to Europe.
    (AP, 8/27/14)
2014        Aug 27, Switzerland said Russian banks will require approval to issue long-term financial instruments in Switzerland, as it detailed measures to ensure it does not become a place for individuals or funds to avoid European sanctions on Moscow.
    (Reuters, 8/27/14)
2014        Aug 27, Syrian rebels, including fighters from an al-Qaida-linked group, seized control of a frontier crossing with Israel in the Golan Heights after heavy clashes with Pres. Assad's forces. The heavy fighting that left at least 20 Syrian soldiers and an unknown number of rebels dead. Dozens of Syrian soldiers escaping Tabqa were captured as they attempted to cross the desert to government-held territory in the Orontes Valley to the west.
    (AP, 8/27/14)(AFP, 8/28/14)
2014        Aug 27, In southeastern Ukraine pro-Russian rebel forces entered the key town of Novoazovsk after three days of heavy shelling. The new southeastern front has raised fears the separatists are seeking to create a land link between Russia and Crimea. The Ukrainian military said that more Russian soldiers had crossed the border entering the small town of Amvrosiyivka in five armored infantry carriers and a truck.
    (AP, 8/27/14)(Reuters, 8/27/14)
2014        Aug 27, Zimbabwe riot police beat and briefly detained more than a dozen opposition protesters, at a demonstration over high unemployment.
    (AFP, 8/27/14)

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