Today in History - September 15

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1514        Sep 15, Selim I entered Tabriz, Persia, and massacred much of the population.
    (PCh, 1992, p.168)

1525        Sep 15, Jan de Bakker (26), Roman Catholic priest also known under the name Pistorius, was burned during the Reformation in the Netherlands.

1613        Sep 15, Francois, duc de la Rochefoucauld (d.1680), writer (Memoires), was born in Paris, France. "When we cannot find contentment in ourselves it is useless to seek it elsewhere."
    (AP, 12/2/98)(
1613        Sep 15, Thomas Overbury (b.1581), Elizabethan poet, died in London. He was murdered by his wife, Florence Maybrick, who used an enema of arsenic. The murder was arranged by Frances Howard, Lady Essex, who felt attacked by Overbury’s poem “A Wife."
    (WSJ, 6/24/05, p.W9)(

1776        Sep 15, British forces occupied New York City during the American Revolution. British forces captured Kip's Bay, Manhattan, during the American Revolution.
    (AP, 9/15/97)(HN, 9/15/99)

1788        Sep 15, An alliance between Britain, Prussia and the Netherlands was ratified at the Hague.
    (HN, 9/15/99)

1789        Sep 15, James Fenimore Cooper (d.1851), American novelist, was born in Burlington, NJ. He is best known for "The Pioneers" and "Last of the Mohicans." "The press, like fire, is an excellent servant, but a terrible master."
    (AP, 6/25/97)(HN, 9/15/99)
1789        Sep 15, The U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs was renamed the Department of State.
    (AP, 9/15/97)

1807        Sep 15, Former Vice President Aaron Burr was acquitted of a misdemeanor charge two weeks after he was found innocent of treason.
    (AP, 9/15/07)

1814        Sep 15, The words of the “Star-Spangled Banner," written by Francis Scott Key following the Sep 13 attack on Fort Henry, was printed on a handbill without the name of Francis Scott Key and originally known as "The Defense of Fort McHenry."
    (HNQ, 2/16/02)

1821        Sep 15, Independence was proclaimed for Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador.
    (NG, 6/1988, p.781)(AP, 9/15/97)

1830        Sep 15, British MP William Huskisson (b.1770) was killed under the wheels of the “Rocket" train at the opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway. He was the 1st person to be run-over by a railroad train.
    (SFEC,12/21/97, Z1 p.5)(

1835        Sep 15, HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reached the Galapagos Islands, a scattering of 19 small islands and scores of islets.
    (SFC, 12/4/94, p. T-5)(

1857        Sep 15, William Howard Taft was born in Cincinnati, Ohio. He served as 26th president (R) of the United States (1909-1913) and as chief justice. He is most remembered for his "dollar diplomacy."
    (AP, 9/15/97)(HN, 9/15/99)
1857        Sep 15, Mormon leader Brigham Young called out the Nauvoo Legion to fight the U.S. Troops if they enter Utah Territory.
1857        Sep 15, Timothy Alden of NYC patented a typesetting machine.

1858        Sep 15, The third debate between senatorial candidates Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas was held in Jonesboro, Ill.
    (AP, 9/15/08)
1858        Sep 15, The Butterfield Overland Mail Company began delivering mail from St. Louis to San Francisco. The company's motto was: "Remember, boys, nothing on God's earth must stop the United States mail!"
    (HN, 9/15/99)
1858        Sep 15, Charles E Vicomte de Foucauld (d.1916), French explorer and hermit, was born in Strasbourg, France.

1859        Sep 15, Isambard Brunel (b.1806), engineer of England’s Thames Tunnel, died. He was the son of Marc Brunel, the engineer who initiated the project. Isambard is best known for the creation of the Great Western Railway, a series of famous steamships, including the first with a propeller, and numerous important bridges and tunnels.  In 2002 R. Angus Buchanan authored “Brunel: The Life and Times of Isambard Kingdom Brunel."
    (, 8/07, p.7)

1862        Sep 15, Confederates captured the Union weapon arsenal at Harpers Ferry, WV, securing the rear of Robert E. Lee's forces in Maryland.
    (HN, 9/15/99)
1862        Sep 15, John T. Wilder, the Union commander at Munfordville, used unconventional methods to stall Confederate General Braxton Bragg’s advance through Kentucky. On September 15, Bragg arrived to find some 4,000 men behind well-built defenses--far more than he had anticipated. He brought up more units and surrounded the area, but instead of pressing his advantage, agreed to a suggestion made by his subordinate, Maj. Gen. Simon Bolivar Buckner. Buckner suggested that he be allowed to parley with the garrison and convince them of the hopelessness of their position. Bragg grudgingly acquiesced.
    (HNQ, 4/26/01)

1864        Sep 15, British explorer John Speke (b.1827) died in England by his gun own during in an alleged hunting accident. In 2006 W.B. Carnochan authored “The Sad Story of Burton, Speke, and the Nile; or Was John Hanning Speke a Cad."
    (, 5/20/06, p.P9)

1876        Sep 15, Bruno Walter (d.1962), [B W Schlesinger], conductor (NY Phil), was born in Berlin, Germany.

1881        Sep 15, Ettore Arco Isidoro Bugatti (d.1947), race car builder (Amaz Bugattis), was born in Milan, Italy.

1885        Sep 15, Jumbo (b.~1860), a circus elephant, was killed in Ontario, Canada, after being struck by a goods train while being loaded into a circus carriage. In 2014 John Sutherland authored “Jumbo: The Unauthorized Biography of a Victorian Sensation."
    (Econ, 2/8/14, p.81)
1885        Sep 15, Juliusz Zarebski, Polish composer, died at 31.

1889        Sep 15, Robert Benchley, humorist, was born.
    (HN, 9/15/00)

1890        Sep 15, Agatha Christie, English writer of mystery novels, was born. Her books included "Death on the Nile" and "And Then There Were None."
    (HN, 9/15/99)
1890        Sep 15, Claude McKay, poet and novelist, was born. He was part of the Harlem Renaissance.
    (HN, 9/15/00)

1891        Sep 15, The Dalton gang held up a train and took $2,500 at Wagoner, Okla.
    (HN, 9/15/99)

1894        Sep 15, Jean Renoir (d.1979), French film director, was born. He was the son of Pierre Renoir (1841-1919), the impressionist painter. His work included “Grand Illusion" and “The Rules of the Game." “When a friend speaks to me, whatever he says is interesting."
    (HN, 9/15/00)(AHD, p.1215)(AP, 10/11/00)
1894        Sep 15, Japan defeated China in the Battle of Ping Yang (Pyongyang).

1901        Sep 15, Sir Howard Bailey, British engineer, was born. He gave his name to a prefabricated bridge used extensively during World War II.
    (HN, 9/15/99)

1904        Sep 15, Wilbur Wright made his 1st controlled half-circle while in flight.

1907        Sep 15, Fay Wray (d.2004), film actress, was born in Alberta, Canada. She became best known for her 1933 performance in “King Kong."
    (SFC, 8/10/04, p.B7)

1911        Sep 15, SF Police Chief D.A. White abolished the “dead line" designed to keep the women of the underworld within the confines of Chinatown. The line was first instituted by Police Chief Biggy had been irregularly enforced.
    (SSFC, 9/11/11, DB p.46)

1913        Sep 15, John Mitchell (d.1988), Pres. Nixon's attorney general (1969-1972), was born. Under Nixon he was a central figure in the Watergate scandal and served time in jail.

1913        Sep 16, San Francisco recorded its hottest day ever and nearly 100,000 people made their way to the seashore.
    (SSFC, 9/15/13, DB p.46)

1914        Sep 15, President Woodrow Wilson ordered the Punitive Expedition out of Mexico. The Expedition, headed by General John Pershing, had been searching for Pancho Villa, a Mexican revolutionary.
    (HN, 9/15/99)

1916        Sep 15, The British introduced armored tanks during the Battle of the Somme.
    (HN, 9/15/00)

1917        Sep 15, Russia was proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky, the head of a provisional government.
    (AP, 9/15/97)

1923        Sep 15, Gov. Walton (b.1881) of Oklahoma declared a state of siege because of KKK terror. Walton was elected governor in 1922 and impeached in 1923.

1926        Sep 15, Bobby Short, singer and pianist (Carlisle Hotel), was born in Danville, Ill.
    (HN, 9/15/00)(

1933        Sep 15, Rafael Fruhbeck de Burgos, conductor, was born in Burgos, Spain.

1935        Sep 15, In Berlin, the Reich under Adolf Hitler adopted The Nuremberg Laws which deprived German Jews of their citizenship, made the swastika the official symbol of Nazi Germany and established gradations of "Jewishness." "Full Jews," people with four "non-Aryan" grandparents, were deprived of German citizenship and forbidden to marry members of the "Aryan race." German Jews, had been barred since 1938 from government, medical, and legal professions, and shut out from every area of German public life. After the war Gen'l. Patton gave the documents to a friend and they were stored in the Huntington Museum in Cal.
    (AP, 9/15/97)(HN, 9/15/99)(SFC, 6/26/99, p.A3)

1937        Sep 15, Prime Minister of England Neville Chamberlain flew to Germany to discuss the future of Czechoslovakia with Adolf Hitler.
    (HN, 9/15/99)

1938        Sep 15, Thomas Wolfe (b.1900), US writer (Look Homeward Angel), died in Baltimore.
1938        Sep 15, There was a conference at Berchtesgaden between Adolf Hitler and British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1682)

1939        Sep 15, The Polish submarine Orzel arrived in Tallinn, Estonia, after escaping the German invasion of Poland.
    (HN, 9/15/99)

1940        Sep 15, The tide turned in Battle of Britain in WW II. A reported 185 German planes were shot down by Royal Air Force (RAF) pilots, forcing Nazi leader Adolf Hitler to abandon his invasion plans.
    (AP, 9/15/97)
1940        Sep 15, Sergeant Ray Holmes (1915-2005) slammed his Hurricane into a German Dornier bomber to prevent it attacking Buckingham Palace. The date of 15 September has come to be known as Battle of Britain Day and has been commemorated every year since.
    (AP, 11/1/05)

1941        Sep 15, Nazis killed 800 Jewish women at Shkudvil, Lithuania.

1942        Sep 15, The USS Wasp was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine at Guadalcanal; the US Navy ended up sinking the badly damaged aircraft carrier.
    (, 9/15/07)

1944        Sep 15, British bombers hit the German pocket battleship Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs.
1944        Sep 15, US troops landed on Palau and Morotai Islands.

1945        Sep 15, Jesse Norman, soprano, was born.
    (HN, 9/15/00) 

1946        Sep 15, Tommy Lee Jones, actor (Executioner's Song, Bloody Monday, Fugitive), was born in San Saba, Texas.
1946        Sep 15, Oliver Stone, film director and screenwriter, was born. His work included “Platoon" and “JFK."
    (HN, 9/15/00)

1948        Sep 15, Gerald Ford upset Rep. Bartel J. Jonkman in the Michigan 5th Dist Rep. primary.

1949        Sep 15, "The Lone Ranger" premiered on ABC television with Clayton Moore (d.1999) as the masked hero and Jay Silverheels (1912-1980) as Tonto. Their 169 [221] episodes ran to 1957. Moore was replaced by John Hart for the 1952-1953 season due to a salary dispute.
    (AP, 9/15/99)(SFC, 12/29/99, p.A1,11)(SSFC, 6/19/05, Par p.2)
1949        Sep 15, Congress extended the Reciprocal Trade Agreement for 2 years.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1207)

1950        Sep 15, During the Korean conflict, United Nations forces landed at Inchon in the south and began their drive toward Seoul. Considered the greatest amphibious attack in history, it was the zenith of General Douglas MacArthur's career. The newly organized X Corps under the command of General Douglas MacArthur launched an amphibious invasion of Korea’s western coast at Inchon, the port of the Korean capital, Seoul. After two days of naval bombardment, U.S. Marines seized the offshore island of Wolmi-do and proceeded inland against surprisingly light resistance. By September 26, American forces had captured Seoul.
    (AP, 9/15/97)(HN, 9/15/99)(HNPD, 9//99)
1950        Sep 15, US troop landed on Wolmi-Do island off of Seoul.

1951        Sep 15, "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" closed at Ziegfeld NYC after 740 performances.

1953        Sep 15, Eric Mendelsohn (b.1887), German-born Jewish expressionist architect, died. From 1941 he lived in the US and established himself in San Francisco. The Russell at 3778 Washington St. in SF is the only house he designed in SF.
    (SSFC, 3/8/09, p.B2)

1958        Sep 15, A commuter train crashed through a drawbridge, killing 48 in Newark, NJ.

1959        Sep 15, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev arrived in the United States to begin a 13-day visit.
    (AP, 9/15/97)

1961        Sep 15, The US resumed underground nuclear testing. Operation Nougat began a series of 45 nuclear tests conducted (with one exception) at the Nevada Test Site.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F4)(

1963        Sep 15, The Alou brothers-Felipe, Matty, & Jesus-appeared in the San Francisco outfield for 1 inning.
1963        Sep 15, The Ku Klux Klan bombed the 16th St. Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama. Four young black girls (Denise McNair, Carole Robertson, Addie Collins, and Cynthia Wesley) were killed in the bombing as they prepared their Sunday school lesson on "The love that forgives." Later on the same day James Ware (16) and his brother Virgil (14) were shot at while bicycling home. Virgil was killed. Another James Ware went on to become a US district judge and falsely used the James and Virgil Ware story for self promotion. Judge Ware withdrew from a new appointment to the SF 9th Circuit Court of Appeals in 1997 after he admitted that he was not the same James Ware. In Birmingham, Alabama, police dogs were set on peaceful, Black demonstrators. The 1997 film "Four Little Girls" by Spike Lee was a documentary of the church burning in Alabama. In 1977 Robert Chambliss (d.1985) was tried and convicted of murder. Suspect Herman Cash died in 1994. In 2000 Thomas E. Blanton Jr. and Bobby Frank Cherry (d.2004) turned themselves in after they were indicted by a state grand jury. In 2001 Thomas Blanton was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison. Cherry was convicted May 22, 2002, and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 4/14/96, p.Z1, p.1)(SFC, 8/16/96, p.D11)(SFEC, 3/16/97, p.T5)(SFEC, 5/18/97, DB p.45)(SFC, 11/6/97, p.A9)(AP, 9/15/97)(SFC, 5/18/00, p.A1)(SFC, 5/2/01, p.A1)(SFC, 5/23/02, p.A1)(NW, 5/27/02, p.43)

1964        Sep 15, The TV series “The Tycoon" featured Van Williams and Walter Brennan. The show continued to April 27, 1965.

1965        Sep 15, The TV show “I Spy" premiered. Bill Cosby and Roger Culp (1930-2010) starred in the series which ran for 82 episodes until 1968.
    (SFEC, 1/12/97,  p.C10)(SFEC, 5/24/98, DB p.39)(
1965        Sep 15, The TV show "Lost in Space," with its Space Family Robinson and robot premiered on CBS. It was set in the year 1997. The show was cancelled in 1968. The CBS TV show featured Guy Williams, June Lockhart, Billy Mumy, Jonathon Harris (d.2002 at 87) and the robot voice of Dick Tufeld (1926-2012).
    (SFC, 8/27/96, p.B2)(AP, 9/15/97)(SFEC, 1/3/99, DB p.28)(SFC, 11/6/02, p.A34)(SFC, 1/30/12, p.C4)

1970        Sep 15, Pres. Nixon authorized a US-backed coup in Chile.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F7)
1970        Sep 15, The Jordanian army attacked Palestinian positions and expelled PLO officials and commandos from Jordan. The PLO was driven out of Jordan and forced to move to Lebanon.
    (, 2/8/99, p.A6)

1971        Sep 15, The 1st broadcast of "Columbo" on NBC-TV.
1971        Sep 15, A group of activists set sail on the Phyllis Cormack for Alaska from Vancouver, Canada, to stop a US nuclear weapons test in the Aleutian Islands. Panels reading Green and Peace dangled from the bridge. Bob Hunter (d.2005), one of the activists, became the 1st president of Greenpeace (1973-1977).
    (GQ, summer ‘96, p.18)(SFC, 4/30/97, p.A9)(Econ, 5/14/05, p.89)

1975        Sep 15, Feng Zikai (b.1898), influential Chinese painter and pioneering manhua artist popular in the 1920s and 1930s, died.
    (, 12/20/14, p.66)

1976        Sep 15, The play "For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide / When the Rainbow is Enuf" by Ntozake Shange (1948-2018) opened at the Booth Theater in NYC.
    (, 11/2/18, p.C4)

1978        Sep 15, Willy Messerschmitt (b.1898), German aircraft builder, died in Munich.
1978        Sep 15, In Thailand PM Kriangsak Chomanan submitted an amnesty bill for the "Bangkok 18" left-wing students and labor activists jailed in connection with the 1976 crackdown. He also initiated an amnesty program for former members of the Communist Party, a reconciliation policy that eventually helped quash its insurgency.
    (AP, 12/23/03)(

1980        Sep 15, A B-52H bomber carrying nuclear-armed AGM-69 missiles experienced a fuel leak in its number three main wing tank and caught fire on the ground at Grand Forks AFB in North Dakota.
1980        Sep 15, Bill Evans (b.1929), jazz pianist, died. In 1998 Peter Pettinger published “Bill Evans: How My Heart Sings."
    (SFEC, 11/10/96, DB p.35)(WSJ, 8/28/98, p.W7)(SFC, 10/16/00, p.B1)

1981        Sep 15, The US Senate Judiciary Committee voted unanimously to approve the Supreme Court nomination of Sandra Day O'Connor.
    (AP, 9/15/01)

1982        Sep 15, The 1st issue of "USA Today" was published by Gannett Co., Inc., led by Al Neuharth (1924-2013).
    (, 4/20/13, p.A6)
1982        Sep 15, Pope John Paul II received PLO leader Yasser Arafat.
1982        Sep 15, The Israeli army reoccupied Beirut.
    (SFC, 5/24/00, p.A15)(
1982        Sep 15, Sadegh Ghotbzadeh, Iran's former foreign minister, was executed after he was convicted of plotting against the government.
    (AP, 9/15/97)

1983        Sep 15, New York City Cops beat to death Michael Stewart for graffiting the subway.
1983        Sep 15, Israel’s premier Begin (d.1992) resigned.

1984        Sep 15, Henry Charles Albert David, Prince of Wales, 3rd in British succession, was born.

1985        Sep 15, In Sweden Olof Palme (1927-1986) formed a minority government.

1986        Sep 15, The 1st pilot of "LA Law" was broadcast NBC-TV.

1987        Sep 15, On the opening day of his confirmation hearing, US Supreme Court nominee Robert Bork told the Senate Judiciary Committee his philosophy was "neither liberal nor conservative."
    (AP, 9/15/97)

1989        Sep 15, Pulitzer Prize-winning author Robert Penn Warren (b.1905), the first poet laureate of the United States, died in Stratton, Vt., at age 84. He authored 16 poetry collections and 10 novels that included the 1946 "All the King’s Men."
    (WSJ, 2/27/97, p.A15)(AP, 9/14/99)

1990        Sep 15, France announced it would send 4,000 more soldiers to the Persian Gulf and expel Iraqi military attaches in Paris in response to Iraq’s raids on French, Belgian and Canadian diplomatic compounds in Kuwait.
    (AP, 9/15/00)

1991        Sep 15, Iowa Sen. Tom Harkin entered the Democratic presidential race, promising to “take back government from the privileged few."
    (AP, 9/15/01)
1991        Sep 15, Andre Baruch (b.1908), radio and TV announcer, died at 83.

1992        Sep 15, FBI Director William S. Sessions promised a new national campaign to stem a recent wave of carjackings.
    (AP, 9/15/97)
1992        Sep 15, Washington state Sen. Patty Murray defeated former Congressman Don Bonker to win the Democratic nomination for the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by Brock Adams.
    (AP, 9/15/97)

1993         Sep 15, Katherine Ann Power, former 60s radical who spent 23 years in hiding, surrendered to authorities at Boston College law school in Newton. She faced charges stemming from a 1970 bank robbery in which Boston police officer Walter Schroeder Sr. (42) was killed. Power pleaded guilty to charges of armed robbery and the reduced charge of manslaughter. On October 6, 1993, she received a five-year federal term, to run concurrently with an 8-12 year state sentence. She was released in 1999.
    (AP, 9/15/98)(
1993        Sep 15, In Sicily Rev. Giuseppe Puglisi (56), a spokesman against organized crime, was shot in the back of the neck while on the doorstep of his home. Courts later ruled the gunman was carrying out orders by Mafia bosses irritated by the priest's efforts to encourage young people to turn their backs on the mob. In 1999 Giuseppe Graviano, a Mafia boss, was convicted and sentenced to life in prison for ordering the murder. Puglisi was declared a martyr by the Vatican and beatified in 2013, the last formal step before possible sainthood.
    (SFC, 10/6/99, p.C16)(AFP, 9/15/18)

1994        Sep 15, In a terse ultimatum from the Oval Office, President Clinton told Haiti's military leaders in a prime-time address: "Your time is up. Leave now or we will force you from power."
    (AP, 9/14/99)
1994        Sep 15, An Arab Charter on Human Rights was adopted by the Council of the League of Arab States.

1995        Sep 15, The TV series “Xena: Warrior Princess" featured Lucy Lawless as Xena.
    (LSA, Spring, 2009, p.45)(
1995        Sep 15, Hurricane “Marilyn," the third major storm to batter the Caribbean in less than a month, hit the Virgin Islands with heavy rains and 100 mile-an-hour winds.
    (AP, 9/15/00)
1995        Sep 15, The UN Fourth World Conference on Women adjourned in Beijing after approving a wide-ranging platform running the gamut from promoting inheritance rights to condemning rape in wartime. The Beijing Platform, signed by 189 states, urged a review of all laws that punish women for having abortions.
    (AP, 9/15/00)(Econ, 5/19/07, p.65)
1995        Sep 15, A Muslim-Croat offensive won 1,500 square miles of land. More than 150,000 Serbs fled, many to Eastern Slovonia.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1996        Sep 15, Defense Secretary William Perry was making the rounds among American allies in the Persian Gulf region, seeking additional support for the U.S. stance against Iraq. Bahrain agreed to play host to 26 American F-16 jet fighters.
    (AP, 9/15/97)
1996        Sep 15, In Germany it was reported that rival Vietnamese gangs were battling a vicious turf war for trading untaxed cigarettes smuggled in by organized crime. The country was trying to coax Vietnam to accept the return of thousands of men in exchange for aid and future credits.
    (SFC, 9/15/96, p.A14)
1996        Sep 15, In Guatemala crime boss Alfredo Moreno, a former army intelligence officer, was arrested on charges of an enormous smuggling operation.
    (SFC, 9/25/96, p.A9)
1996        Sep 15, In Italy Umberto Bossi, populist politician and leader of the Northern League, planned to declare the independence of the Federal Republic of Padania.
    (WSJ, 9/13/96, p.A6)
1996        Sep 15, In Italy Lorenzo Necci, head of the state-run railroad, was arrested for corruption, embezzlement, abuse of office, falsification of balance sheets and fraud.
    (SFC, 9/17/96, p.A12)
1996        Sep 15, In Mexico Federal police officer Ernesto Ibarra Santes (50) was gunned down in Mexico City. He was in charge of drug trafficking in Baha California del Norte, the center of operations for the narcotics cartel of the Arellano Felix brothers. He had only taken the position on Aug 16.
    (SFC, 9/16/96, p.A9)
1996        Sep 15, In North Korea the Rajin-Sonbong Free Economic and Trade Zone, a 288 sq. ml. area with a local population of 140,000, was being established behind barbed wire in the northeast corner.
    (SFC, 9/15/96, p.A15)
1996        Sep 15, In Singapore all 120,000 internet subscribers will have to go through proxy servers which will screen them from dozens of sites that contain nudity and sexual topics.
    (SFC, 8/15/96, p.B2)

1997        Sep 15, Former Massachusetts Gov. William Weld gave up his battle to be U.S. ambassador to Mexico.
    (AP, 9/15/98)
1997        Sep 15, Two of the nation's most popular diet drugs -- dexfenfluramine and fenfluramine -- were pulled off the market because of new evidence they could seriously damage patients' hearts.
    (AP, 9/15/98)
1997        Sep 15, In Oman a US Navy F/A-18 crashed and the pilot was killed.
    (WSJ, 9/16/97, p.A1)(SFC, 9/20/97, p.A7)
1997        Sep 15, A Marine F/Aa-18 Hornet fighter jet crashed in North Carolina’s Pamlico sound and its 2 pilots were killed.
    (SFC, 9/20/97, p.A7)
1997        Sep 15, From Afghanistan it was reported that the Taliban has prohibited the cultivation of opium poppies. Some 200,000 families produced a record 2,800 tons of opium in 1997, a 25% increase over 1996.
    (SFC, 9/15/97, p.A14)
1997        Sep 15, In Algeria 7 people were killed in Saida by masked assailants and four people had their throats cut in Medea.
    (SFC, 9/16/97, p.A12)
1997        Sep 15, In India at the port city of Visakhapatnam a fire raged at the Hindustan Petroleum Corp. and 37 were reported dead.
    (SFC, 9/16/97, p.A12)
1997        Sep 15, The IRA allied Sinn Fein party entered Northern Ireland's peace talks for the first time. All party talks for peace were to begin in Belfast.
    (SFC, 7/5/97, p.A8)(AP, 9/15/98)
1997        Sep 15, In North Korea it was reported that about 15% of people in the towns and villages of the country may be dying of starvation and famine-related diseases in a survey conducted by Korean-American organizations.
    (SFC, 9/15/97, p.A10)
1997        Sep 15, In Norway Prime Minister Thorbjoern Jagland said he would step down after support in national elections reached only about 35%.
    (SFC, 9/16/97, p.A12)
1997        Sep 15, In Oman a US Navy F/A-18 crashed and the pilot was killed.
    (WSJ, 9/16/97, p.A1)
1997        Sep 15, From Thailand it was reported that layoffs, salary cuts and downsizing was spreading across the economy under an expensive foreign debt load and a 40% fall in the value of the baht.
    (SFC, 9/15/97, p.A10)

1998        Sep 15, Mark McGuire of the St. Louis Cardinals hit his 63rd home run against the Pittsburgh Pirates.
    (WSJ, 9/16/98, p.A1)(AP, 9/14/99)
1998        Sep 15, Nine states and the District of Columbia held primaries. In New York, Rep. Charles Schumer, a liberal, won the Democratic nod to challenge Republican Sen. Alfonse D'Amato. (Schumer won.) In Washington state, Republican Rep. Linda Smith won the right to challenge Sen. Patty Murray, a Democrat. (Murray was re-elected).
    (AP, 9/14/99)
1998        Sep 15, Pres. Clinton and the G-7 nations agreed to work together to deal with the world economic crises.
    (USAT, 9/15/98, p.1A)
1998        Sep 15, John That Luong (27), convicted of smuggling Chinese immigrants into the US, was sentenced to 3 years and 9 months in Federal prison. Testimony at the 9-week trial linked the smuggling to an international crime syndicate involved in microchip robberies, extortion, gambling, prostitution, drug trafficking and murder.
    (SFC, 3/16/98, p.A1)(
1998        Sep 15, BankAmerica announced trading losses of about $330 million so far in the 3rd quarter.
    (WSJ, 9/16/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 15, In Albania Sali Berisha surrendered 2 tanks posted outside his headquarters following threats of force. The government declared the unrest an attempted coup and ordered a criminal investigation.
    (SFC, 9/16/98, p.A11)
1998        Sep 15, For Argentina a World Bank loan of some $4.5 billion was almost completed to help stabilize the economy.
    (WSJ, 9/16/98, p.A19)
1998        Sep 15, In Congo Pres. Kabila restored four generals from late dictator Mobutu’s regime. Government forces were said to be moving on Goma.
    (WSJ, 9/16/98, p.A1)
1998        Sep 15, In the Galapagos Islands the Cerro Azul volcano on Isabela Island began erupting and threatened turtle colonies.
    (SFC, 9/18/98, p.D8)
1998        Sep 15, In Indonesia a 2nd week of looting and rioting continued.
    (WSJ, 9/16/98, p.A19)
1998        Sep 15, Italian police arrested Mariano Troia (65), one of the Mafia’s most notorious figures, near Palermo.
    (USAT, 9/16/98, p.14A)
1998        cSep 15, In Peru archeologist found 6 frozen mummies sacrificed to Inca gods over 500 years ago near the crater of the 19,100 foot El Misti volcano, 465 miles southeast of Lima.
    (SFC, 10/3/98, p.C1)

1999        Sep 15, Daimler-Chrysler unveiled its new Java show car at the Frankfurt auto show.
    (WSJ, 9/16/99, p.A25)
1999        Sep 15, In Oregon a leak at the Umatilla Chemical Depot overcame 34 workers, who were building a new incinerator. The depot contained over 3,000 tons of deadly nerve and mustard agents, scheduled for incineration upon completion of the project in October 2001.
    (SFC, 8/1/00, p.A5)
1999        Sep 15, Hurricane Floyd hit North Carolina and dropped 13-16 inches of rain. Extensive damaged was reported in the Bahamas on the islands of Abaco, Eleuthera, Cat and San Salvador. Damages from Floyd were later estimated at over $800 million and 45 deaths were attributed to the storm.
    (SFC, 9/16/99, p.A1,15)(WSJ, 9/20/99, p.A1)
1999        Sep 15, In New Jersey Mario Ruiz Massieu (48), former Mexican top drug prosecutor, committed suicide. He had been indicted on drug charges a month earlier. He left a suicide note that implicated Pres. Zedillo in the 1994 killing of his brother and presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio.
    (SFC, 9/16/99, p.A12)(WSJ, 9/17/99, p.A1)(AP, 9/15/00)
1999        Sep 15, In Fort Worth, Texas, lone gunman Larry Gene Ashbrook (47) of Forest Hill killed 7 people, aged 14-36, at the Wedgewood Baptist Church before killing himself.
    (SFC, 9/16/99, p.A1)(USAT, 9/17/99, p.1,3A)
1999        Sep 15, It was reported that AIDS killed 2 million Africans in 1998.
    (SFC, 9/16/99, p.A13)
1999        Sep 15, Algeria held a referendum on Pres. Bouteflika's amnesty law. Voters endorsed the plan.
    (SFC, 9/15/99, p.C3)(SFC, 9/17/99, p.D6)
1999        Sep 15, The UN authorized an int'l. peacekeeping force in East Timor led by Australia with some 8,000 troops from a number of nations.
    (SFC, 9/15/99, p.A15)(WSJ, 9/16/99, p.A1)
1999        Sep 15, In southern Russia a truck exploded next to a 9-story apartment building in the Rostov region and at least 11 people were killed. Chechen terrorists were again blamed. The bomb in Volgodonsk killed at least 17 and wounded 500.
    (SFC, 9/16/99, p.A12)(WSJ, 9/17/99, p.A1)(SFC, 9/17/99, p.A10)

2000        Sep 15, The new San Francisco Int’l. Terminal opened at a cost of $950 million. SFO operations at Terminal 2 ceased in December as part of a $2.5 billion airport master plan.
    (SFC, 9/16/00, p.A15)(SFC, 5/13/08, p.D4)
2000        Sep 15, In Australia the XXVII Olympic Games opened in Sidney. The 2000 Summer Olympics opened with a seemingly endless parade of athletes and coaches and a spectacular display that included wild fantasy, blazing color, and booming cheers; Aborigine runner Cathy Freeman ignited an Olympic ring of fire.
    (SFC, 9/16/00, p.A1)(AP, 9/15/01)
2000        Sep 15, Truckers across Europe blocked highways to protest high fuel costs. Protests hit Spain, Germany, Ireland, Poland and the Czech Republic.
    (SFC, 9/16/00, p.A10)
2000        Sep 15, In Indonesia Pres. Wahid called for the arrest of Hutomo Mandala Putra, aka Tommy Suharto, in connection with the recent terrorist bombing. Putra met with police on his own accord.
    (SFC, 9/16/00, p.A10)
2000        Sep 15, In Italy the Mafia was reported to be engaged in a $500 million business of illegal dog fighting. An estimated 5,000 dogs died annually from the fighting.
    (SFC, 9/15/00, p.A16)
2000        Sep 15, In Uganda the chimpanzee population was estimated at about 3,000 and declining due to refugees from Congo eating small apes.
    (SFC, 9/15/00, p.D2)

2001        Sep 15, Pres. Bush stated: “We are planning a broad and sustained campaign to secure our country and eradicate the evil or terrorism." Bush ordered US troops to get ready for war and braced Americans for a long, difficult assault against terrorists to avenge the Sept. 11 attacks. US Congress approved a resolution authorizing Bush to use “all necessary and appropriated force" against anyone associated with the 9/11 terrorist attacks.
    (SSFC, 9/16/01, p.A1)(AP, 9/15/06)(SSFC, 3/16/08, p.A8)
2001        Sep 15, In Mesa, Arizona, Balbir Singh Sodhi, an Indian immigrant gas station owner, was shot to death. A Lebanese clerk was targeted but not injured. Police later arrested Frank Roque (42) for 2 shootings but not the 1st murder. Roque was convicted of murder Sep 30, 2003.
    (SFC, 9/17/01, p.A8)(SFC, 9/29/03, p.A3)
2001        Sep 15, Continental Airlines said it would immediately furlough 12,000 of 56,000 workers. Total air carrier capacity was expected to shrink 20%.
    (WSJ, 9/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Sep 15, In Texas 4 barges smashed into the Queen Isabella Causeway between South Padre Island and the mainland. At least 5 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 9/16/01, p.A28)(SFC, 9/17/01, p.A18)
2001        Sep 15, Fred De Cordova (90), executive producer of "The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson," died in Woodland Hills, Calif.
    (AP, 9/15/02)
2001        Sep 15, As many as 300,000 Afghans reportedly had fled Kandahar in fear of US air strikes against their Taliban rulers who were harboring Osama bin Laden.
    (SFC, 9/17/01, p.A8)(AP, 9/15/02)
2001        Sep 15, Iran ordered its security forces to seal off its 560-mile border with Afghanistan.
    (SSFC, 9/16/01, p.A7)
2001        Sep 15, Gunfire between Israelis and Palestinians in Gaza and Jerusalem left 3 Palestinians dead and 2 Israelis wounded.
    (SSFC, 9/16/01, p.A28)
2001        Sep 15, North and South Korea began a 4-day series of meetings.
    (SSFC, 9/16/01, p.A28)
2001        Sep 15, Pakistan agreed to close its border with Afghanistan and pledged full support to combat int’l. terrorism.
    (SSFC, 9/16/01, p.A7)
2001        Sep 15, In Zimbabwe 2 ruling party militants were killed during clashes with workers on the Bibby family farm. John Bibby (70) was arrested the next day as an accessory to the murders.
    (SFC, 9/17/01, p.A18)

2002        Sep 15, U.S. and British warplanes bombed Iraqi installations in the southern no-fly zone. Major air defense sites were being targeted.
    (AP, 9/15/02)(SFC, 9/17/02, p.A12)
2002        Sep 15, In Knoxville, Tennessee, a Norfolk Southern train derailed near and one car with 93,000 pounds of sulfuric acid ruptured. The liquid acid vaporized creating a toxic cloud.
    (SFC, 9/16/02, p.A7)
2002        Sep 15, Thousands of Muslims gathered at a radical Islamic conference in London to confront what organizers said was a choice between accepting life under a "colonialist world view" or being labeled terrorists.
    (AP, 9/15/02)
2002        Sep 15, Jews in Israel marked Yom Kippur, the holiest day of the Jewish year.
    (AP, 9/15/02)
2002        Sep 15, In Macedonia the opposition led by Branko Crvenkovski swept the ruling coalition from power in the country's first elections since last year's armed uprising. Premier Ljubco Georgievski confirmed the nationalists' defeat.
    (AP, 9/16/02)(WSJ, 9/16/02, p.A1)
2002        Sep 15, At least 5 Iraqi agents graduated from a 2-week course in surveillance techniques at the "Special Training Center" in Moscow.
    (SSFC, 4/13/03, p.A1)
2002        Sep 15, Sweden's voters bucked the conservative trend in Europe, reaffirming support for the country's generous welfare system. The ruling Social Democrats claimed victory in the national elections.
    (AP, 9/16/02)
2002        Sep 15, Derek Davies (71), who ran the Far Eastern Economic Review for 25 years and turned the magazine into a leading source of English-language news and analysis about Asia died in France.
    (AP, 9/17/02)

2003        Sep 15, US professional women's soccer folded due to low attendance. The WUSA soccer league shut down operations five days before the Women's World Cup, saying it didn't have enough money to stay in business for a fourth season.
    (WSJ, 9/16/03, p.A1)(AP, 9/15/04)
2003        Sep 15, In California a judicial panel postponed the Oct 7 recall balloting because old ballot equipment could deprive voters of their right to be counted. On Sep 23 the 9th Circuit Court ruled that the recall be held on Oct 7.
    (AP, 9/16/03)(SFC, 9/16/03, p.A1)(SFC, 9/20/03, p.A1)(SFC, 9/24/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 15, A new human rights report on Brazil said summary executions and killings by death squads, often formed by police officers, are commonplace and frequently tolerated by authorities.
    (AP, 9/16/03)
2003        Sep 15, The Colombian army reported that its forces in Operation Scorpion killed at least 17 suspected members of a rebel special forces unit.
    (AP, 9/15/03)
2003        Sep 15, In India rain-swollen rivers began receding in the state of Uttar Pradesh but the death toll there from monsoon rains rose to 190 after 34 more people were reported killed.
    (AP, 9/15/03)
2003        Sep 15, In Iraq guerrillas killed a US soldier in a rocket-propelled grenade attack in central Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/15/03)
2003        Sep 15, In Kenya gunmen burst into the home of a senior delegate to a constitutional convention and shot him to death.
    (AP, 9/15/03)
2003        Sep 15, More than 100 South Korean tourists flew to North Korea's capital on the first commercial flight between the two countries since they were divided nearly six decades ago.
    (AP, 9/15/03)
2003        Sep 15, In Ingushetia, Russia, a truck filled with explosives blew up outside a government security building, killing at least three people and wounding at least 22.
    (AP, 9/15/03)(WSJ, 9/16/03, p.A1)
2003        Sep 15, In Saudi Arabia a fire that swept through el-Haer prison in Riyadh and 94 were initially reported killed. 67 inmates died in the worst prison fire in Saudi Arabian history.
    (AP, 9/16/03)(AP, 2/16/12)
2003        Sep 15, Over 360 Somali delegates in Kenya adopted a transitional charter that outlines a future government for the troubled African nation.
    (AP, 9/16/03)

2004        Sep 15, Pres. Bush requested shifting $3.46 billion in reconstruction money for Iraq to security.
    (WSJ, 9/16/04, p.A1)
2004        Sep 15, National Hockey League owners agreed to lock out the players.
    (AP, 9/15/05)
2004        Sep 15, Amazon unveiled a new search engine called
    (Econ, 9/25/04, p.76)
2004        Sep 15, Johnny Ramone (55), guitarist and co-founder of the seminal punk band "The Ramones," died of cancer in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 9/16/04)(Econ, 9/25/04, p.100)
2004        Sep 15, Three Americans accused of torturing Afghans in a private jail were found guilty in a Kabul court after a trial denounced by the defense as failing to meet basic international standards of fairness.
    (AP, 9/15/04)
2004        Sep 15, The Egyptian and Syrian presidents linked calls by the UN and fellow Arab leaders for Syrian troops to leave Lebanon to past UN resolutions demanding that Israeli pull out of the West Bank and Golan Heights.
    (AP, 9/15/04)
2004        Sep 15, In England the number of people seeking unemployment benefits fell by 6,100 to 830,200, the lowest level since July 1975.
    (AFP, 9/15/04)
2004        Sep 15, Eight French speaking African countries began retiring over 1 billion in decaying currency with new CFA francs. Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo had until Dec 31 to turn in old bills for new ones.
    (SFC, 9/15/04, p.C8)
2004        Sep 15, India and Bangladesh ended a two-day meeting in Dhaka without any breakthroughs on the sharing of water from common rivers.
    (AP, 9/15/04)
2004        Sep 15, Security forces discovered three beheaded bodies on a road north of Baghdad, and a car bomb exploded in a town south of the capital, killing two people.
    (AP, 9/15/04)
2004        Sep 15, Malaysia declared its entire northern Kelantan state a quarantine zone to halt the spread of bird flu.
    (AP, 9/15/04)
2004        Sep 15, In Pakistan Pres. Musharraf backed out of his pledge to give up his post as army chief.
    (WSJ, 9/16/04, p.A1)
2004        Sep 15, Tropical Storm Jeanne lashed Puerto Rico with damaging winds and rain that knocked out power, flooded roads and killed two people. It soon strengthened from a tropical storm into the 6th hurricane of the season.
    (AP, 9/16/04)
2004        Sep 15, In Saudi Arabia Edward Stuart Muirhead-Smith (55) was killed at the Max shopping center in eastern Riyadh.
    (AP, 9/16/04)
2004        Sep 15, A rebel faction said peace talks with the Sudanese government and rebels from the troubled Darfur region collapsed after three weeks without an accord.
    (AP, 9/15/04)
2004        Sep 15, South Africa formally recognized the pro-independence government in the annexed Moroccan territory of Western Sahara (Sahrawi statehood), prompting Rabat to recall its ambassador from Pretoria in protest.
    (AP, 9/16/04)(Econ, 10/30/04, p.53)

2005        Sep 15, Pres. Bush gave a speech from New Orleans outlining government plans to rebuild the region devastated by Hurricane Katrina, as the disaster death toll passed the 700 mark. His proposals included the creation of a “Gulf Opportunity Zone" and “Worker Recovery Accounts."
    (AP, 9/15/05)(SFC, 9/16/05, p.A1)
2005        Sep 15, The US government agreed to stockpile $100 million worth of inoculations against bird flu under a contract with French vaccine maker Sanofi-Pasteur.
    (SFC, 9/16/05, p.A4)
2005        Sep 15, In the 4th and final day of Senate confirmation hearings on John Roberts’ appointment as chief justice, Sen. Charles Schumer (D-NY) said “You may very well possess the most powerful intellect of any person to come before the Senate for this position."
    (SFC, 9/16/05, p.A1)
2005        Sep 15, The American Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (Fincen) branded Banco Delta Asia of Macau as a willing pawn for the North Korean government to engage in corrupt financial activities. This cause a $38 million run on the bank. The ploy persuaded other lenders to sever ties with North Korea and dealing a significant blow to North Korea’s financial system.
    (Econ, 9/24/05, p.90)(WSJ, 2/13/06, p.A7)
2005        Sep 15, California’s Gov. Schwarzenegger signed a bill to reduce obesity in schools.
    (SFC, 9/16/05, p.A1)
2005        Sep 15, New York Attorney General Eliot Spitzer announced indictments against 8 former senior executives of Marsh & McLennan for bid rigging and price fixing in the insurance industry.
    (SFC, 9/16/05, p.C1)
2005        Sep 15, The Massachusetts state Legislature voted to override Gov. Mitt Romney's veto of a measure that will expand access to emergency contraception.
    (AP, 9/15/05)   
2005        Sep 15, Yahoo introduced a search feature for instant answers at
    (SFC, 9/15/05, p.C2)
2005        Sep 15, Hurricane Ophelia weakened slightly as it crawled along the North Carolina coast. Early indications were that the storm had not caused the severe flooding many feared.
    (AP, 9/15/05)
2005        Sep 15, Guy Green (91), who won an Academy Award for cinematography for the 1946 film "Great Expectations," died of heart and kidney failure at his Beverly Hills home.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 15, Producer Sid Luft (89), who was credited with reviving the career of his then-wife, Judy Garland, died in Santa Monica, Calif.
    (AP, 9/15/06)
2005        Sep 15, Suspected Taliban gunmen in Helmand province shot and killed Abdul Hadi, a candidate in Afghanistan's legislative elections after dragging him from his house.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 15, British police arrested Governor Diepreye Alamieyeseigha, leader of the oil-rich southern Nigerian state of Bayelsa, as part of a money laundering investigation.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 15, China’s Pres. Hu Jintao spoke at the UN and called for a “harmonious world."
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.23)
2005        Sep 15, Colombian authorities seized $4.5 million worth of counterfeit American currency during a raid on a clandestine printing workshop in south Bogota. The network had been sending the money to Ecuador and Venezuela, where the U.S. dollar is widely accepted as legal tender.
    (AP, 9/15/05)
2005        Sep 15, In the eastern Indian state of Bihar a fire engulfed three illegal firecracker factories in a village, killing at least 30 people.
    (AP, 9/15/05)
2005        Sep 15, In northeastern India a fire broke out in a damaged oil well, and Russian experts were summoned to inspect the site.
    (AP, 9/15/05)
2005        Sep 15, Separatist rebels in Indonesia's Aceh province started handing over weapons to international monitors.
    (AP, 9/15/05)
2005        Sep 15, Iran's Pres. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said Iran is willing to provide nuclear technology to other Muslim states. Hours later, European nations renewed an offer of economic incentives if the Mideast nation would halt its uranium enrichment.
    (AP, 9/15/05)
2005        Sep 15, Iraq’s PM Ibrahim al-Jaafari, speaking at a news conference in Dearborn, Mich., condemned the latest round of bombings that left scores of his countrymen dead, and vowed that his government's "rational, political struggle" would prevail over "criminal acts."
    (AP, 9/15/05)
2005        Sep 15, Two suicide car bombers struck within a minute of each other and a half-mile apart in southern Baghdad, killing 7 policemen and raising the day's death toll from blasts in the capital to at least 31.
    (AP, 9/15/05)
2005        Sep 15, A US Marine was killed in an “indirect fire explosion" at Camp Ramadi in the western province of al-Anbar.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 15, Israel called for wider meetings with Arab nations and said efforts were under way to arrange summit talks with Qatar, a day after Qatar urged the Arab world to open up to the Jewish state following its Gaza Strip withdrawal.
    (AP, 9/15/05)
2005        Sep 15, Israel's Supreme Court upheld the legality of Israel's West Bank security barrier, rejecting a ruling by the International Court of Justice that the barrier violates Palestinian rights and should be torn down. It also ruled that part of the barrier imposed major hardship on Palestinian villagers and must be rerouted.
    (AP, 9/15/05)(SFC, 9/16/05, p.A7)
2005        Sep 15, A Russian Su-27 fighter bomber crashed in Lithuania during a flight across the former Soviet republic to the Russian Baltic enclave of Kaliningrad.
    (AP, 9/15/05)
2005        Sep 15, A fire engulfed Mexico's most famous fireworks market, setting off a chain of explosions in Tultepec, a town northeast of the nation's capital. The fire destroyed hundreds of open-air stands just ahead of Independence Day celebrations.
    (AP, 9/15/05)
2005        Sep 15, North Korea said it won't give up its nuclear weapons without receiving a reactor for generating power, stalling six-nation talks on Pyongyang's atomic programs.
    (AP, 9/15/05)
2005        Sep 15, Russia launched experimental broadcasts of a 24-hour English-language satellite TV news channel aimed at polishing its image abroad and presenting foreign audiences with its view of the world.
    (AP, 9/15/05)
2005        Sep 15, The Saudi government ordered a Jiddah chamber of commerce to allow female voters and candidates.
    (AP, 9/16/05)
2005        Sep 15, In Serbia a judge ordered the arrest of the wife of former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic for failing to attend her corruption trial in Belgrade.
    (AP, 9/15/05)
2005        Sep 15, The UN General Assembly adopted the concept of “responsibility to protect" (R2P) during its World summit in NYC.
    (Econ, 6/28/08, p.51)(
2005        Sep 15, Venezuelan Pres. Hugo Chavez took Pres. Bush to task in front of a global summit for waging war in Iraq without UN consent and won rousing applause for his critique.
    (AP, 9/16/05)

2006        Sep 15, The US joined with the EU and Canada charging that China has erected illegal barriers to the sale of U.S. and other foreign-made auto parts there.
    (AP, 9/15/06)
2006        Sep 15, US Rep. Bob Ney, R-Ohio, agreed to plead guilty to two criminal charges in the congressional corruption probe spawned by disgraced lobbyist Jack Abramoff.
    (AP, 9/15/07)
2006        Sep 15, In Costa Mesa, Ca., the new $200 million Renee and Henry Segerstrom Concert Hall opened. It was designed by Cesar Pelli (79).
2006        Sep 15, In California Gov. Schwarzenegger signed legislation requiring the driver use of hands-free devices for cell phones starting in 2008.
    (SFC, 9/15/06, p.B1)
2006        Sep 15, In East St. Louis, Ill., Jimella Tunstall (23) bled to death after sustaining an abdominal wound caused by a sharp object. Her body was found Sep 21. On Sep 23 investigators found Tunstall’s 3 dead children in a washer and dryer. Prosecutors charged Tiffany Hall (24), a family friend, with the murder of Tunstall and her fetus.
    (AP, 9/24/06)
2006        Sep 15, In Jackson, Mississippi, Mayor Frank Melton was indicted along with 2 police bodyguards on numerous felony charges stemming from his crime-fighting tactics.
    (SFC, 9/16/06, p.A3)
2006        Sep 15, In Missouri Stephenie Ochsenbine (21) was slashed in the throat and had her week-old baby stolen. Police recovered the baby on Sep 19. On Sep 20 Shannon Torrez (36) was charged with kidnapping and assault and ordered held on $1 million bond. On September 12, 2008, Torrez was sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (AP, 9/20/06)(
2006        Sep 15, US automaker Ford Motor Co. unveiled sweeping job cuts and plant closures to stem losses and said it has no intention of selling its luxury brand Jaguar. Ford said it would cut 10,000 more white-collar positions, up from a previous goal of 4,000, and offer buyout and early retirement to all 75,000 hourly employees. Ford stock closed at $8.02.
    (AFP, 9/15/06)(SFC, 9/16/06, p.C1)(WSJ, 9/16/06, p.A1)
2006        Sep 15, A large diabetes-prevention study found that the drug Rosiglitazone (Avandia), made by GlaxoSmithKline, can help keep “pre-diabetics" from developing Type 2 diabetes. The drug was already being used to treat the disease, which afflicted over 200 million worldwide.
    (SFC, 9/16/06, p.A3)
2006        Sep 15, In southern Afghanistan about 60 suspected Taliban militants attacked a police checkpoint in Uruzgan province, starting a battle in which four militants died.
    (AP, 9/16/06)
2006        Sep 15, China denounced accusations by top US officials that it was selling weapons to Iran and North Korea amid nuclear tensions with the two regimes. State media said at least four children, among the hundreds of people sickened by emissions from a lead smelter in western China, are likely to suffer permanent brain damage.
    (AP, 9/15/06)
2006        Sep 15, Cuba took over the leadership of the Nonaligned Movement from Malaysia, with Defense Minister Raul Castro standing in for his ailing brother Fidel.
    (AP, 9/15/06)
2006        Sep 15, Iraq’s Interior Minister said the government will ring Baghdad with a series of trenches and traffic checkpoints to control movement. Police found 30 bodies bearing signs of torture in Baghdad. A US Marine was killed in Anbar province just hours after an American soldier was killed by a roadside bomb northwest of Baghdad. In central Baghdad, a gunman opened fire from the top of an abandoned building in a Sunni Arab neighborhood, killing an Iraqi civilian and wounding five others. Sheik Muhanad al-Gharairi was a spokesman for the Conference of People of Iraq, a Sunni Arab party headed by Adnan al-Dulaimi, was killed by gunmen.
    (AP, 9/15/06)(SFC, 9/16/06, p.A1)
2006        Sep 15, Oriana Fallaci (76), the Italian writer and journalist best known for her abrasive interviews and provocative stances, died in Florence.
    (AP, 9/15/06)(Econ, 9/23/06, p.97)
2006        Sep 15, Ivory Coast protesters beat up the transport minister in response to the Aug 19 toxic sludge shipment that sickened 30,000 people.
    (WSJ, 9/16/06, p.A1)
2006        Sep 15, Latvian President Vaira Vike-Freiberga joined the race to become the next UN secretary-general, becoming the first woman vying for the UN's top post.
    (AP, 9/15/06)
2006        Sep 15, Mexico’s President Vicente Fox backed down from a confrontation with thousands of leftist sympathizers of Manuel Lopez Obrador, moving the annual Independence Day celebration away from Mexico City's main square to avoid protesters. Fox decided to move the ceremony to the central town of Dolores Hidalgo, where Miguel Hidalgo made the first call for independence from Spain in 1810. Supporters of leftist Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador ended the street protest that clogged the heart of the capital for nearly seven weeks, but they vowed to find other ways to resist the incoming conservative president.
    (AP, 9/15/06)
2006        Sep 15, Palestinian gunmen opened fire on a car in Gaza City carrying Brig. Gen. Jad Tayeh, a top Palestinian security officer, in a drive-by shooting that killed Tayeh and four of his bodyguards.
    (AP, 9/15/06)
2006        Sep 15, In Singapore Paul Wolfowitz, the chief of the World Bank, took a hard line on corruption. Rodrigo de Rato, his counterpart at the IMF, said policy-makers need to be ready to adapt to a more difficult economic environment in the coming year as delegates gathered for the sister institutions' annual meetings. Wolfowitz said that Singapore had damaged its own reputation by imposing "authoritarian" restrictions on the entry of activists for the World Bank/IMF meetings.
    (AP, 9/15/06)
2006        Sep 15, Alberto Linero (27) and Alberto Sanchez (24) both privates in the Spanish air force, exchanged vows in a reception room at Seville's town hall, in the first known wedding among same-sex members of the military since Spain legalized gay marriage last year.
    (AP, 9/15/06)
2006        Sep 15, More than 100,000 chanting protesters marched through downtown Taipei, trying to pressure Taiwanese President Chen Shui-bian to resign over a series of corruption scandals.
    (AP, 9/15/06)
2006        Sep 15, Tanzania’s energy minister said ongoing drought in east Africa has forced Tanzania to impose power cuts seven days a week.
    (AP, 9/15/06)
2006        Sep 15, Over strong opposition from China, the UN Security Council put Myanmar on its agenda in what US officials called a "major step forward" in American efforts to increase pressure on the country's military dictatorship.
    (AP, 9/15/06)
2006        Sep 15, The World Health Organization declared its support for indoor use of DDT to control mosquitoes in regions where malaria is a major health problem.
    (SFC, 9/16/06, p.A5)
2006        Sep 15, In Yemen suicide bombers tried to strike two oil facilities with explosives-packed cars. Al-Qaida later claimed responsibility for the attempted suicide attacks and vowed more strikes against the United States and its allies.
    (AP, 9/15/06)(AP, 11/7/06)
2006        Sep 15, Zimbabwe said its annual inflation rate has reached a new record high of more than 1,200% in August despite the conversion to a new currency designed to halt the upwards spiral.
    (AFP, 9/15/06)

2007        Sep 15, In his Saturday radio address, President Bush said while "formidable challenges" remained in Iraq, the United States would start shifting more troops into support roles. Several thousand anti-war demonstrators marched through downtown Washington, DC, clashing with police at the foot of the Capitol steps where more than 190 protesters were arrested.
    (AP, 9/16/07)(AP, 9/15/08)
2007        Sep 15, Sarah Thomas became the first female official to work a game in the Football Bowl Subdivision, formerly I-A, serving as the line judge in the Jacksonville State-Memphis game.
    (AP, 9/15/08)
2007        Sep 15, Live music returned Treasure Island in SF Bay for the first time in almost 70 years as a 2-day festival organized by Noise Pop and Another Planet Entertainment.
    (SSFC, 9/16/07, p.B3)
2007        Sep 15, Brett Somers (b.1924), Canada-born actress-comedian, died in Westport, Conn. She was best known as a panelist on the 1970s game show, Match Game.
    (AP, 9/15/08)(
2007        Sep 15, An estimated 40 insurgents armed with mortars and rocket-propelled grenades attacked an Afghan police and coalition patrol in the Musa Qala district of nearby Helmand province. The joint forces repelled the attack and called in airstrikes, leaving a dozen suspected militants dead. A Bangladeshi development worker was kidnapped by unknown men in a brazen daytime attack on his office in Pul-i-Alam, about 30 miles south of Kabul.
    (AP, 9/16/07)
2007        Sep 15, In China Zhao Yan (45), a Chinese researcher for the NY Times, was released from prison after serving three years of a fraud conviction that was strongly criticized by the international community.
    (AFP, 9/15/07)
2007        Sep 15, EU finance ministers and central bankers agreed in Portugal to step up co-operation among themselves to improve their handling of cross-border financial crises.
    (AP, 9/15/07)
2007        Sep 15, Officials said nearly 13.5 million people have been marooned or displaced by floods in India and Bangladesh. The flooding in South Asia caused by the June-to-September monsoon has been described as the worst in decades, with more than 3,300 people killed. Landslides and floods in Nepal killed at least another 185 people since the start of monsoon.
    (AP, 9/15/07)
2007        Sep 15, An al-Qaida front group warned it will hunt down and kill Sunni Arab tribal leaders who cooperate with the US and its Iraqi partners, saying the assassination of the leader of the revolt against the terror movement was just a beginning. Anti-US cleric Muqtada al-Sadr's followers announced their withdrawal from the Shiite alliance in parliament. Al-Sadr's followers hold 30 of the 275 parliament seats. An Iraqi soldier was killed when gunmen attacked a checkpoint in Baqouba. Police and army officials said eight civilians also were killed and five others wounded in attacks in and around Baqouba. A car bomb struck a Baghdad bakery crowded with customers lining up for bread, killing at least 11 people as they ended their daytime Ramadan fast. The leader of al-Qaida in Iraq offered money for the murder of a Swedish cartoonist and his editor who recently produced images deemed insulting to Islam. Fallah Khalifa Hiyas Fayyas al-Jumayli, an Iraqi also known as Abu Khamis, was seized. The al-Qaida linked militant was believed responsible for the Sep 13 death of Sheik Abdul-Sattar Abu Risha.
    (AP, 9/15/07)(AP, 9/16/07)
2007        Sep 15, Yasuo Fukuda (71), the front-runner to become Japan's next prime minister, vowed to extend his nation's support for US-led operations in Afghanistan. The Sept. 23 Liberal Democratic Party ballot to replace PM Shinzo Abe, who abruptly resigned earlier this week, will pit the liberal Fukuda against the more hawkish former Foreign Minister Taro Aso (66). Both candidates have said Japan cannot afford to drop out of the global war on terrorism.
    (AP, 9/15/07)
2007        Sep 15, Lebanese troops captured Abu Salim Taha, the spokesman for Fatah Islam, and 3 other militants.
    (AP, 9/15/07)
2007        Sep 15, In western Mexico a bus carrying tourists including passengers of a flight from Phoenix crashed, killing at least 17 people.
    (AP, 9/16/07)
2007        Sep 15, Pakistan's ruling party assured President Gen. Pervez Musharraf he will be elected to a new five-year term, and the vote will likely take place the first week of October. Maulana Hassan Jan, a prominent pro-Taliban cleric, was shot and killed by assailants in a car in Peshawar. He was a senior leader of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam, a religious party that controls the provincial government of the Northwest Frontier province.
    (AP, 9/15/07)(SSFC, 9/16/07, p.A17)
2007        Sep 15, A meteorite made a fiery crash to Earth in southern Peru and villagers were soon struck by a mysterious illness.
    (AFP, 9/17/07)
2007        Sep 15, Former world rally champion Colin McRae (39) and his five-year-old son were among four people killed in a helicopter crash in southern Scotland.
    (AFP, 9/16/07)
2007        Sep 15, In Sierra Leone with three-quarters of the vote counted opposition leader Ernest Bai Koroma held a commanding lead in the presidential runoff.
    (AP, 9/15/07)
2007        Sep 15, Hundreds of thousands of Taiwanese took to the streets in support of the island's latest bid for UN membership, which has been criticized by China and the US.
    (AP, 9/15/07)
2007        Sep 15, In Thailand a roadside bomb planted by suspected separatist rebels killed one soldier and wounded five others in the insurgency-torn south. 2 men were killed in a drive-by shooting by suspected militants in Pattani province.
    (AP, 9/15/07)

2008        Sep 15, Lehman Brothers, burdened by $60 billion in soured real-estate holdings, filed a Chapter 11 bankruptcy petition after attempts to rescue the 158-year-old firm failed. Bank of America Corp. said it is snapping up Merrill Lynch & Co. Inc. in a $50 billion all-stock transaction. In 2009 Lawrence G. McDonald and Patrick Robinson authored “A Colossal Failure of Common Sense: The Inside Story of the Collapse of Lehman Brothers." With over $600 billion in assets Lehman was America’s largest and most complex corporate failure.
    (AP, 9/15/08)(Econ, 9/12/09, p.91)(Econ, 9/11/10, p.86)
2008        Sep 15, Oil prices plunged to a seven-month low as the Gulf Coast energy infrastructure appeared relatively unharmed after Hurricane Ike and traders bet that Lehman Brothers' bankruptcy could ignite a massive liquidation of commodities. Oil closed at $95.71, its first close below $100 since March 4.
    (AP, 9/15/08)(WSJ, 9/16/08, p.A12)
2008        Sep 15, Hewlett-Packard said it will cut 24,600 jobs as part of its plan to integrate Electronic Data Systems Corp. (EDS).
    (WSJ, 9/16/08, p.B1)
2008        Sep 15, An Australian jury found Abdul Benbrika (48), a Muslim cleric, and five of his followers guilty of planning to stage a "violent jihad" in Melbourne in 2005 to force Australian troops out of Iraq. A 7th man was convicted the next day. In 2009 Benbrika was sentenced to at least 12 years in prison.
    (Reuters, 9/15/08)(AP, 9/16/08)(AP, 2/3/09)
2008        Sep 15, South American presidents agreed to work urgently to prevent a political collapse in Bolivia, where the government said it would charge a rebellious governor with genocide for allegedly ordering the machine-gunning of peasants.
    (AP, 9/16/08)
2008        Sep 15, According to a new UN report Brazilian police carried out a "significant proportion" of the 48,000 murders that swept Brazil last year, casting doubt on the government's ability to curtail drug violence and reign in vigilante militias.
    (AP, 9/15/08)
2008        Sep 15, In London the sale of pickled sharks, butterfly paintings and other pieces by Damien Hirst (43), the provocative British artist, raised some US$127 million. The sale continued the next day. Total sales reached $199 million. In 2009 his total auction sales shrunk to $19 million. Hirst had taken over Sotheby’s London headquarters for his two-day show “Beautiful Inside My Head Forever."
    (AP, 9/16/08)(Econ, 9/20/08, p.73)(Econ, 9/11/10, p.99)(Econ, 4/15/17, p.72)
2008        Sep 15, Richard Wright (65), a founding member of the rock group Pink Floyd, died. Pink Floyd's spokesman, Doug Wright, who is not related to the artist, said Wright died after a battle with cancer at his home in Britain. The band released a series of commercially and critically successful albums including 1973's "Dark Side of the Moon," which has sold more than 40 million copies.
    (AP, 9/16/08)
2008        Sep 15, China’s central bank cut interest rates for the first time in over 6 years. Its benchmark one year lending rate will fall .27% to 7.2% effective Sep 16.
    (WSJ, 9/16/08, p.A10)
2008        Sep 15, Cuba said hurricanes Gustav and Ike together delivered the worst hurricane-related blow in Cuba's storm-battered history, causing "around US$5 billion" in collective damage.
    (AP, 9/16/08)
2008        Sep 15, In Egypt a speeding truck collided with a tourist bus in Egypt's Sinai peninsula, killing 12 people and injuring 33.
    (AP, 9/15/08)
2008        Sep 15, Europe's major central banks moved quickly to calm markets, pumping billions of euros and pounds into the financial system to shore up confidence in the aftermath of Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc.'s bankruptcy filing in the United States.
    (AP, 9/15/08)
2008        Sep 15, In Indonesia at least 23 people were killed in a stampede as they crowded an alley to receive $4.25 in cash handouts for the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.
    (AFP, 9/15/08)(WSJ, 9/16/08, p.A20)
2008        Sep 15, A new International Atomic Energy Agency report said that Iran has repeatedly blocked a UN investigation into allegations it tried to make nuclear arms and the probe is now deadlocked.
    (AP, 9/15/08)
2008        Sep 15, A suicide bomber blew herself up among police officers who were celebrating the release of a comrade from US custody, killing at least 22 people. Separate bombings in Iraq killed 13 other people.  A member of a Sunni group allied with US forces was killed by a bomb stuck to his car in a mainly Sunni neighborhood in northern Baghdad.
    (AP, 9/15/08)(AP, 9/16/08)
2008        Sep 15, In Mauritania suspected al-Qaeda militants killed 12 soldiers. The terror group had promised to avenge the country’s recent coup.
    (SFC, 9/16/08, p.A3)
2008        Sep 15, Mexican police and soldiers quelled a riot at a Tijuana prison that left 4 inmates dead and at least 31 prisoners and officials injured.
    (AP, 9/16/08)(AP, 9/19/08)
2008        Sep 15, In Oaxaca, Mexico, Omar Yoguez Singu (32) allegedly had consensual sex with Marcella Grace Eiler (20) of Eugene, Oregon. He then killed her with a machete after an argument. Her badly decomposed body was found Sep 24 in a shack 80 miles south of Oaxaca City. Friends of Singu beat him up after he confessed to the crime and on Sep 24 turned him over to police.
    (AP, 9/28/08)
2008        Sep 15, Hundreds of disco workers protested in Kathmandu against a government crackdown on "nude dancing" in its bid to improve the deteriorating law and order.
    (Reuters, 9/15/08)
2008        Sep 15, Nigerian militants attacked a Shell-operated oil facility, killing two and forcing the evacuation of nearly 100 staff, in a third day of fighting with security forces in the Niger Delta. Police in northern Nigeria arrested a Muslim preacher who claims 86 wives and 107 children, charging him with breaking Islamic laws governing marriage.
    (AP, 9/15/08)(AP, 9/16/08)
2008        Sep 15, Pakistani troops backed by helicopter gunships and fighter jets killed 15 suspected militants as security forces advanced on Taliban strongholds near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 9/15/08)
2008        Sep 15, Rwandan voters went to the polls for parliamentary elections contested only by movements allied to the ruling party of Pres. Paul Kagame. His Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) won 42 of 53 contested seats in a proclaimed turnout of 98.5%.
    (AP, 9/15/08)(Econ, 9/27/08, p.61)
2008        Sep 15, In Somalia an African Union peacekeeper was killed in a roadside bomb explosion in Mogadishu, the 2nd AU member to be killed in there in as many days.
    (AP, 9/15/08)
2008        Sep 15, Darfur rebels said they were fighting back against attacking government troops for a fourth day, the latest in a series of battles in Sudan's war-torn western region.
    (AP, 9/15/08)
2008        Sep 15, Thailand's ruling party chose the brother-in-law of ousted former leader Thaksin Shinawatra as its nominee to become the next prime minister, immediately drawing opposition from anti-government protesters and dozens of its own members.
    (AP, 9/15/08)
2008        Sep 15, President Robert Mugabe relaxed his iron hold on Zimbabwe for the first time in nearly three decades of one-man rule, forced by escalating economic chaos into sharing power with his bitter political rivals. PM Morgan Tsvangirai used his first platform as head of government to call on Zimbabwe's rival political parties to work together to "unite" the country.
    (AP, 9/15/08)(AFP, 9/15/08)

2009        Sep 15, The Obama administration embraced cloud computing to help reduce government waste and ease environmental impact.
    (SFC, 9/16/09, p.C1)
2009        Sep 15, California’s Gov. Schwarzenegger signed an executive order mandating that the state Air Resources Board create a regulation requiring that 1/3 of energy sold by utility companies in the state over the next decade come from renewable sources.
    (SFC, 9/16/09, p.A16)
2009        Sep 15, In California a juice sucking grapevine moth, known as Lobesia botrana, was first detected in the Oakville area of Napa County. In March, 2010, the California Dept. of Food and Agriculture quarantined 162 square miles of land in the area to halt the infestation.
    (SFC, 3/12/10, p.A1)
2009        Sep 15, In northern Afghanistan a mass grave was unearthed in Ali Abad district of Kunduz province, containing at least 20 bodies believed to date from the Soviet-backed government era. During Soviet-backed rule in the late 1970s, a group of 35 people were arrested in Ali Abad district and were never heard of again.
    (AFP, 9/15/09)
2009        Sep 15, Australia announced shock plans to break up dominant telecommunications player Telstra to boost competition as it presses ahead with a 37 billion US dollar national broadband network.
    (AP, 9/15/09)
2009        Sep 15, The Frankfurt auto show opened. The French company Renault unveiled a lineup that includes a purely electric sedan, without a backup internal combustion engine. Renault says the vehicle will be in showrooms by 2011.
    (, 10/17/09, p.74)
2009        Sep 15, In Guatemala the bullet-ridden bodies of eight men suspected to be drug traffickers were found in a frontier town near the Mexican border.
    (AP, 9/16/09)
2009        Sep 15, Muntadhar al-Zeidi (30), the Iraqi journalist who threw his shoes at former President George W. Bush, was released after nine months in prison and in a defiant address, he accused Iraqi security forces of torturing him with beatings, whippings and electric shocks. 3 rockets were fired at Baghdad's heavily fortified Green Zone, where visiting Vice President Joe Biden was spending the night. A fourth rocket fell short and hit a residential building, killing two and injuring five others. US-Iraqi forces arrested three militants suspected of firing the rockets.
    (AP, 9/15/09)(AP, 9/16/09)
2009        Sep 15, Israeli and Palestinian activists presented the most detailed vision yet of what a peace deal could look like. It included more than 400 pages crammed with maps, timetables for troop withdrawals and even a list of weapons a non-militarized Palestine would be barred from having. The UN Goldstone Commission accused Israel of having deliberately committed war crimes during its 3-week attack on Gaza in January.
    (AP, 9/15/09)(Econ, 9/19/09, p.14)
2009        Sep 15, In Kenya clashes between the Samburu and Pokot tribes killed 24 people and wounded dozens as the country's scorching drought exacerbates tensions over land and water in the arid north.
    (AP, 9/15/09)
2009        Sep 15, Lithuanian lawmakers ousted their speaker in a no-confidence vote after he was accused of links to an organized crime syndicate in the Baltic state. Arunas Valinskas (42), a former showbiz personality who took the political stage in last year's parliamentary election, denied any wrongdoing and said he was the victim of a political vendetta by former party allies, among others.
    (AP, 9/15/09)
2009        Sep 15, In Mexico firefighters found six bodies inside a burning car in Tijuana. In Ciudad Juarez gunmen killed five people at a car wash. Gunmen burst into a drug treatment center in Ciudad Juarez and shot to death 10 people, the second such mass killing this month.
    (AP, 9/16/09)(AP, 9/16/09)
2009        Sep 15, In the Netherlands the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal announced it has approved the early release from prison of former Bosnian Serb President Biljana Plavsic (79) after she served two-thirds of her 11-year sentence for persecution.
    (AP, 9/15/09)
2009        Sep 15, Norway's PM Jens Stoltenberg (50) said fighting climate change would be a priority in his 2nd term after his left-leaning government beat a splintered opposition to win re-election.
    (AP, 9/15/09)
2009        Sep 15, In Puerto Rico several employees of American Airlines were among a group of at least 20 people arrested on suspicion of aiding a smuggling ring that shipped drugs from Puerto Rico's main airport to the US mainland.
    (AP, 9/15/09)
2009        Sep 15, Russian news agencies said the country's coast guard warned that it will detain Georgian ships entering the territorial waters of Abkhazia. Viktor Turfanov, the head of the coastal division of the border guards service, said that Georgia this year has intercepted more than 20 ships in Abkhazian waters.
    (AP, 9/15/09)
2009        Sep 15, In Turkey security talks failed over Syria's refusal to extradite some suspects accused of deadly bombings in Baghdad. Senior Iraqi and Syrian diplomats attended the talks.
    (AP, 9/16/09)
2009        Sep 15, The UN refugee agency said 16 African migrants have died and another 49 were missing and presumed dead after trying to cross the Gulf of Aden in three boats. One boat reached Yemen on Sep 13, one had capsized on Sep 13 and one sank on Sep 14.
    (AP, 9/15/09)

2010        Sep 15, The United States ordered oil and gas firms to permanently plug nearly 3,500 unused wells and dismantle hundreds of idle platforms in the Gulf of Mexico, in a bid to shore up industry safety after the disastrous BP spill.
    (AFP, 9/15/10)
2010        Sep 15, The US steel industry, Ohio lawmakers and two veteran US trade policy experts urged Congress to pass legislation to push back against China's "undervalued" currency by slapping duties on Chinese imports that threaten American jobs. The senior Republican on the House of Representatives Ways and Means Committee said a proposed bill to press China to revalue its currency would not address fundamental Chinese trade barriers.
    (Reuters, 9/15/10)
2010        Sep 15, Microsoft Corp. unveiled the "beta" test version of Internet Explorer 9, the first of a new generation of Web browser programs that tap into the powerful processors on board newer computers to make websites load and run faster.
    (AP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 15, California Attorney General Jerry Brown sued 8 current and former members of the city of Bell accusing them of defrauding taxpayers by granting themselves high salaries and bloated pensions. The suit demanded that officials return hundreds of thousands of dollars.
    (SFC, 9/16/10, p.A10)
2010        Sep 15, In Afghanistan at least one person was killed when police fired into the air to disperse angry anti-US protesters in Kabul, highlighting security concerns three days before a parliamentary election. It was reported that printers in Peshawar, Pakistan, say they have produced thousands of fake voter registration cards at the request of Afghan politicians for use in that country's Sep 18 parliamentary elections. 8 insurgents who "actively" planned to execute attacks during the elections were killed in an airstrike and a follow-up ground operation against a Taliban district commander in northern Kunduz province. 2 campaign workers were gunned down in northern Balkh province.
    (Reuters, 9/15/10)(AP, 9/15/10)(AP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 15, Brazil's government unveiled plans to slow the deforestation and help halt the wildfires that destroy its tropical savanna. The government plans to spend $200 million in the next two years to combat illegal deforestation and prevent fires.
    (AP, 9/15/10)
2010        Sep 15, Greenpeace said China's coal-fired plants produce enough toxic ash to fill an Olympic-sized swimming pool every two-and-a-half minutes, creating contaminants that travel far and wide.
    (AFP, 9/15/10)
2010        Sep 15, Ethiopian PM Meles Zenawi said his often drought-ravaged country would not need food aid after 2015 as he formally launched a five-year development program.
    (AFP, 9/15/10)
2010        Sep 15, France's National Assembly passed President Nicolas Sarkozy's controversial pension reform bill by 329 votes to 233 during a stormy session in the lower house. The measure would raise the minimum pension age to 62 by 2018. Unions have vowed to stage mass protests when the law goes before France's upper house, the Senate, on September 23.
    (AFP, 9/15/10)
2010        Sep 15, A French court rejected Kigali's request to extradite Rwandan doctor Eugene Rwamucyo, who is suspected of involvement in the 1994 genocide, sparking Rwanda's ire.
    (AFP, 9/15/10)
2010        Sep 15, Indian police opened fire on Muslim demonstrators in a town near Kashmir, killing four people and wounding 30 as leaders of India's main political parties debated how to end months of separatist protests in the region.
    (AP, 9/15/10)
2010        Sep 15, Iranian security forces raided the office of Mir Hossein Mousavi, the top opposition leader, and seized computers after days of intimidating visitors with a heavy force presence around the building.
    (AP, 9/17/10)
2010        Sep 15, In Iran Sakineh Mohammad Ashtiani, whose stoning sentence for adultery was suspended in July, appeared on state TV to say she has not been whipped or tortured.
    (AP, 9/15/10)
2010        Sep 15, Iraqi and US forces launched a raid on the former insurgent stronghold of Fallujah, killing seven people including former Iraqi military commander Yasseen Kassar. 2 Iraqi soldiers were killed in the fight. 9 Iraqi soldiers were killed near Mosul when a bomb exploded on a bus as they left their base in Tal Afar for vacation. An American airman was killed and a soldier wounded in a controlled detonation at the US Joint Base Balad.
    (AP, 9/15/10)(AFP, 9/15/10)(AP, 9/16/10)(SFC, 9/16/10, p.A4)
2010        Sep 15, Israeli and Palestinian leaders held peace talks in Jerusalem with US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton. A Qassam rocket and six mortar rounds hit southern Israel. Israeli jets bombed smuggling targets along the Gaza-Egypt border. Hamas officials said one person was killed and four wounded.
    (AP, 9/15/10)(AFP, 9/15/10)
2010        Sep 15, In Kyrgyzstan the Nooken District Court convicted Azimjon Askarov, an ethnic Uzbek, on charges including complicity in murder, participating in mass violence and hostage-taking during deadly ethnic unrest that roiled the south in June. Amnesty International condemned the life sentence saying Askarov had gathered evidence implicating police in the violence before being detained. On Jan 24, 2017, a Kyrgyzstan court upheld his life sentence.
    (AP, 9/16/10)(AP, 1/24/17)
2010        Sep 15, Mexico looked beyond its drug war to throw a 200th birthday bash celebrating a proud history, whimsical culture and resilience embodied in the traditional independence cry: "Viva Mexico!" A gunbattle between Mexican soldiers and suspected drug cartel members left 22 dead at ranch on the outskirts of Ciudad Mier near the US border.
    (AP, 9/16/10)(AP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 15, Pakistan's President Asif Ali Zardari said that his nation's intelligence services are willing to cooperate closer with Afghanistan to fight Taliban militants. Two separate US missile strikes targeting Al-Qaeda-linked fighters in the northwest tribal belt killed 15 militants.
    (AP, 9/15/10)(AFP, 9/15/10)
2010        Sep 15, In Puerto Rico a man, accused of dragging a stubborn horse last February alongside his truck, became the first person convicted by a local jury under an animal protection law enacted after dogs were thrown to their deaths from a bridge. On Nov 17 Georgenan Lopez (24) received a 12-year prison sentence, becoming the first person convicted by a jury under the animal cruelty law implemented in August 2008.
    (AP, 9/16/10)(AP, 11/17/10)
2010        Sep 15, Russia and Norway ended a 40-year dispute in signing an Arctic border treaty which opens the door to offshore oil and gas exploration. President Dmitry Medvedev and Norway's PM Jens Stoltenberg presided over the signing in Murmansk.
    (AP, 9/15/10)
2010        Sep 15, The Korea Communications Commission said there were 50 million mobile service subscribers in South Korea as of this month, more than the population of 48.8 million.
    (AFP, 9/15/10)
2010        Sep 15, Uganda police arrested Al-Amin Kimathi of the Kenyan Muslim Human Rights Forum and lawyer Mbugua Mureithi as they arrived to attend the hearing of 34 people charged for allegedly taking part in the July 11 bomb attacks, that targeted large groups gathered to watch the televised World Cup final. Uganda's police said the two were with a wanted al-Shabab militant that police had been trailing for days before the arrests.
    (AP, 9/17/10)

2011        Sep 15, The US Supreme Court issued a stay for Duane Buck (48) who had been scheduled to be put to death at 6 p.m. local time in Huntsville, Texas, for a pair of shotgun murders on July 30, 1995. Buck was convicted in 1997 of capital murder in connection with the deaths of his former girlfriend, Debra Gardner, and Kenneth Butler, who were shot to death with a shotgun at her Houston home. Lawyers for Buck had appealed to the Supreme Court and said he had been unfairly sentenced because a psychologist testified that black men were more likely than other races to be repeat offenders after their release from prison.
    (Reuters, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 15, In North Carolina Elisa Baker pleaded guilty to second-degree murder in the death of her 10-year-old stepdaughter, a cancer survivor whose prosthetic leg and other remains were found scattered at several sites. Zahra Baker, a freckled Australian native was reported missing last October in the small town of Hickory. Elisa accused Adam Baker, her husband and the girl's father, of dismembering Zahra.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, Australia’s government said Australian passports will now have three gender options: male, female and indeterminate, under new guidelines to remove discrimination against transgender and intersex people.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, In Bolivia Esther Rodriguez Roy (30) of Spain died when seven of 97 capsules filled with drugs burst inside her.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 15, Brazil’s Finance Minister Guido Mantega announced a 30% tax increase on cars with less than 65% local content.
2011        Sep 15, British PM David Cameron and French President Nicolas Sarkozy gave Libya's new rulers strong support during a landmark visit to Tripoli, vowing to release billions of dollars more in frozen assets and to push ahead with NATO strikes against Gadhafi's last strongholds. 11 fighters were killed and 34 wounded in a first assault on Sirte launched before sunset.
    (AP, 9/15/11)(AFP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 15, British police arrested Kweku Adoboli (31) in London after the rogue trader at Swiss bank UBS lost an estimated $2.3 billion in unauthorized trades. On Sep 24 UBS announced the resignation of CEO Oswald Gruebel.
    (AFP, 9/15/11)(AFP, 9/16/11)(SSFC, 9/25/11, p.A15)
2011        Sep 15, British scientists reported that fluctuating levels of the brain chemical serotonin, often brought on when someone hasn't eaten or is stressed, affect brain regions that enable people to regulate anger.
    (Reuters, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, In Britain’s south Wales a mine flooded at the Gleision Colliery near Swansea. 4 miners died after being trapped by the flooding.
    (AFP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 15, Danish voters appeared set to elect their first female prime minister and end 10 years of pro-market reforms and a hardening of immigration laws. Polls predicted a majority in the 179-seat Parliament for the left-leaning opposition led by Social Democratic leader Helle Thorning-Schmidt.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, In Egypt steel magnate Ahmed Ezz, once a leading figure in the former ruling party, was sentenced along with former government official Amr Assal. The two were fined a total of $110 million dollars. Former Trade Minister Rachid Mohammed Rachid, who remains at large, was sentenced to 15 years in jail and ordered to pay a 237 million dollar fine for approving production licenses to Ezz without auctioning them publicly first.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, Iraq’s anti-graft watchdog published a statement, made public on Sep 17, saying Iraq has recovered $116 million from bank accounts in France belonging to an official from ex-dictator Saddam Hussein's regime.
    (AFP, 9/17/11)
2011        Sep 15, In the Ivory Coast armed men from Liberia began attacking villagers. They killed at least 23 people in days of attacks before retreating across the border.
    (AP, 9/17/11)(AP, 9/19/11)
2011        Sep 15, The IMF said it has agreed in principle to give Ivory Coast a $600-million loan to help revive its economy devastated by recent post-election violence.
    (AFP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, Japan's Fisheries Agency said that its fleet has harvested 49 minke, 95 sei and 50 Bryde's whales and one sperm whale during its three-month Pacific expedition.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, An army patrol in Niger attacked a four-car convoy carrying suspected al-Qaida-linked militants, killing three of them and leading to the liberation of more than four dozen youths that had been forcibly recruited by the extremist group. On Oct 1 officials said 59 suspected followers of Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), arrested on Sep 16, were simply migrants, admitting a blunder by troops who killed their driver. The magazine Air-Info, published in Agadez, said there were two separate incidents.
    (AP, 9/15/11)(AFP, 10/1/11)
2011        Sep 15, Former Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo spoke with the family of late Boko Haram leader Mohammed Yusuf for two hours in the northeast city of Maiduguri. Relatives said current attacks represented revenge against the government for Yusuf's death and the killing of two other leaders during the 2009 uprising. Relatives also said they have representatives in Chad, Niger and Cameroon.
    (AP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 15, Passengers on the MS Nordlys were forced to evacuate a popular cruise off Norway's craggy western coast when a fire in the engine room killed two crew members and sent heavy smoke billowing through the ship.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, In Pakistan a suicide bomber attacked the funeral service of a tribesman opposed to the Taliban, killing 31 people in the Lower Dir region.
    (AP, 9/15/11)(SFC, 9/16/11, p.A5)
2011        Sep 15, Russian tycoon Mikhail Prokhorov (46) abandoned his efforts to build up the Right Cause political party and enter parliament, saying he was unwilling to tolerate interference from the Kremlin. He also lambasted Vladislav Surkov, the Kremlin's seldom-glimpsed political strategist.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, Somalia officials and residents said Kenyan helicopter gunships fired missiles around Elwak region near the Kenyan border. Explosions were also heard around the Islamist controlled Kismayo region in the south of the conflict-torn country.
    (AFP, 9/16/11)
2011        Sep 15, Around 500 Swazi teachers marched through the capital Mbabane to protest the closure of schools due to the kingdom's severe budget crisis.
    (AFP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, Syrian opposition members announced a national council made up of 60 exiled opponents and 70 dissidents inside Syria, in their bid to present a united front against President Bashar Assad's regime.
    (AP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, New Thai premier Yingluck Shinawatra held her first official talks with her Cambodian counterpart seeking to patch up relations after deadly border clashes.
    (AFP, 9/15/11)
2011        Sep 15, In Yemen government troops shelled a district overnight in Sanaa, home to the chief of the main tribe opposing Pres. Saleh, killing 3 and wounding 5 people. Witnesses said 13 people were killed when government forces shelled Arhab mountain villages north of Sanaa. In Taiz 10 protesters were wounded as the army opened fire at tens of thousands who were rallying and calling for President Saleh to step down.
    (AP, 9/15/11)

2012        Sep 15, Owners of the National Hockey League locked out their players after failing to agree on a new contract.
    (Economist, 9/22/12, p.71)
2012        Sep 15, In Missouri 5 people, including 3 children, were killed when their small plane crashed near Willard.
    (SSFC, 9/16/12, p.A7)
2012        Sep 15, In southern Afghanistan a man believed to be a member of the Afghan local police turned his weapon on US-led coalition forces, killing two British soldiers in Helmand province.
    (AP, 9/15/12)(AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 15, In China protests against Japan over its control of disputed islands spread across more than two dozen cities and turned violent at times, with protesters burning Japanese flags and clashing with Chinese paramilitary police at the Japanese Embassy in Beijing before order was restored.
    (AP, 9/15/12)
2012        Sep 15, Ethiopia's ruling party named as its leader acting PM Hailemariam Desalegn, who took over after the death last month of longtime leader Meles Zenawi at the end of a congress of party bosses.
    (AP, 9/15/12)
2012        Sep 15, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh issued a statement saying that has he suspended the imminent executions of 37 inmates sentenced to death, as long as violent crime does not rise in Gambia.
    (AP, 9/15/12)
2012        Sep 15, In Lebanon Pope Benedict XVI appealed for religious freedom in the Middle East, calling it fundamental for stability in a region bloodied by sectarian strife.
    (AP, 9/15/12)
2012        Sep 15, The Merlin entertainment group opened a Legoland theme park in Malaysia.
    (, 11/16/13, p.72)
2012        Sep 15, In Russia tens of thousands of people marched across downtown Moscow in the first major protest in three months against President Vladimir Putin, a sign of the opposition's strength despite the Kremlin's efforts to muzzle dissent.
    (AP, 9/15/12)
2012        Sep 15, South African police fired rubber bullets and tear gas sending men, women and children scattering as they herded them into their shacks in a crackdown on striking miners at the at Lonmin PLC platinum mine.
    (AP, 9/15/12)
2012        Sep 15, In Spain tens of thousands of people from all over the country converged on Madrid to hold a large anti-austerity demonstration.
    (AP, 9/15/12)
2012        Sep 15, Tunisia's governing moderate Islamist party condemned the attack on the U.S. Embassy in Tunis and the neighboring American school, saying Saturday that such violence threatens the country's progress toward democracy after decades of dictatorship.
    (AP, 9/15/12)
2012        Sep 15, In southeast Turkey an attack on a military convoy killed four soldiers and wounded five in Hakkari province.
    (AP, 9/16/12)
2012        Sep 15, Zimbabwe PM Morgan Tsvangirai (60) went ahead with wedding celebrations despite a court ruling that cancelled his marriage license on allegations that he would be committing bigamy. Tsvangirai and his bride, Elizabeth Macheka (35), exchanged vows and rings at a luxury convention facility in Harare but did not sign the legal marriage register.
    (AP, 9/15/12)

2013        Sep 15, Nina Davuluri (b.1989) was crowned as Miss America 2014 in Atlantic city, NJ. She became the first Indian American to be chosen as Miss America.
    (SFC, 9/18/13, p.A12)(
2013        Sep 15, In Afghanistan female police officer Lieutenant Negar (38) was shot in an assassination attempt, two months after her female predecessor was killed, underscoring worries about both security and the role of women as foreign troops prepare to leave. Negar died the next day.
    (Reuters, 9/15/13)(SFC, 9/16/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 15, Cambodia police used teargas, smoke grenades and water cannon to disperse hundreds of demonstrators after a rally in Phnom Penh to push for an independent investigation into the July election they say was fixed to favor the ruling party. One man was shot dead.
    (Reuters, 9/15/13)(Reuters, 9/16/13)
2013        Sep 15, In Iraq a wave of car bombs and shootings across the country killed at least 58 people.
    (Reuters, 9/15/13)(SFC, 9/16/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 15, Goods from Kosovo and Macedonia crossed their border, ending a trade dispute that closed the frontier between the Balkan neighbors to goods and vehicles for six days.
    (Reuters, 9/15/13)
2013        Sep 15, Mexico’s southwestern Pacific coast was drenched by Tropical Storm Manuel and Hurricane Ingrid closed in on the Gulf Coast. Heavy rains and landslides killed at least 21 people and caused the evacuation of thousands of others.
    (SFC, 9/16/13, p.A2)
2013        Sep 15, A roadside bomb killed 3 Pakistani soldiers near the Afghan border. Major General Sanaullah Khan, along with a lieutenant colonel and another soldier, were killed in the Upper Dir district after visiting an outpost near the border.
    (Reuters, 9/15/13)
2013        Sep 15, Filipino officials said government forces have killed at least 51 rebels and captured 42. Six police officers have been killed so far along with 4 villagers since the standoff began on Sep 9.
    (SFC, 9/16/13, p.A3).
2013        Sep 15, Romanian gold miners, who staged a five-day protest underground against plans to halt development of the site, ended their sit-in after PM Victor Ponta went into the pit to meet them. Ponta promised them a parliamentary commission to assess the proposed mine (before a vote in parliament.
    (Reuters, 9/15/13)
2013        Sep 15, A Yemeni court sentenced three al Qaeda members to jail for plotting to kill President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi and target foreign diplomats, including the US ambassador to Sanaa.
    (Reuters, 9/15/13)

2014        Sep 15, In California the Boles Fire broke out in Siskiyou County forcing as many as 2,000 residents to flee the town of Weed. On October 11 police arrested Ronald Bean Marshall (24) on suspicion of starting the Boles Fire.
    (SFC, 9/16/14, p.A1)(SSFC, 10/12/14, p.A11)
2014        Sep 15, Oklahoma state trooper Eric Roberts (42) was arrested on complaints of kidnapping, rape and othercrimes after three women alleged the officer sexually assaulted them while he was on duty.
    (SFC, 9/16/14, p.A6)
2014        Sep 15, Gilead Sciences said it will begin selling its $1,000 per pill hepatitis C treatment in India and other developing countries at a fraction of the price it charges in the US. Gilead said it had struck agreements with seven Indian generic drug makers to sell lower cost versions.
    (SFC, 9/16/14, p.D2)
2014        Sep 15, Microsoft announced a $2.5 billion deal to acquire Mojang, the Swedish firm behind the “Mindcraft" video game said to have over 100 million players.
    (SFC, 9/16/14, p.A1)
2014        Sep 15, In Belgium Frank Van Den Bleeken, convicted of murder and rape and imprisoned for almost three decades, was granted the right to die after doctors agreed his psychological condition was incurable.
    (AP, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 15, In Brazil Cardinal Orani Joao Tempesta, the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Rio de Janeiro, escaped injury during a robbery by three gunmen.
    (AP, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 15, China's President Xi Jinping enlisted the Maldives' backing for a "21st century maritime silk road" as he began a tour of South Asia in the strategically located Indian Ocean island chain.
    (AFP, 9/15/14)
2014        Sep 15, An Egyptian court sentenced the Muslim Brotherhood's top official Mohamed Badie and 14 others to life in jail on charges of murder and inciting violence during a protest near Cairo last year. Prominent activist Alaa Abdel-Fattah was released on 5,000 Egyptian pounds ($714) bail along with two other activists. He faced retrial on a 15-year prison sentence for violating a draconian protest law.
    (Reuters, 9/15/14)(AP, 9/15/14)
2014        Sep 15, In France world powers backed military measures to help defeat Islamic State fighters in Iraq, boosting Washington's efforts to set up a coalition, but made no mention of the tougher diplomatic challenge next door in Syria. Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said French aircraft would begin reconnaissance flights over Iraq. Iran ruled out working with any international coalition and rejected American requests for cooperation against the militants.
    (Reuters, 9/15/14)(AP, 9/15/14)
2014        Sep 15, French flag carrier Air France scrapped half of its flights as pilots began a strike against the company's plan to develop its low-cost subsidiary.
    (AFP, 9/15/14)
2014        Sep 15, German prosecutors said Oskar Groening (93) has been charged with 300,000 counts of accessory to murder for serving as as SS guard at the Auschwitz death camp between May and June of 1944.
    (SFC, 9/16/14, p.A2)
2014        Sep 15, In Iraq the United States bombed militants near Baghdad in support of government forces, striking close to the capital for the first time in its expanded campaign against Islamic State jihadists. Attack and fighter aircraft to conduct two air strikes Sunday and Monday in support of Iraqi security forces near Sinjar and southwest of Baghdad.
    (AFP, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 15, In Libya unidentified warplanes conducted four airstrikes near the Libyan capital of Tripoli, leaving one dead and five wounded.
    (AP, 9/15/14)
2014        Sep 15, A boat carrying at least 250 African migrants to Europe capsized before leaving the coast near Tripoli, drowning dozens.
    (AP, 9/15/14)
2014        Sep 15, In the northern Philippines Typhoon Kalmagi left at least 2 people dead. 8 others were killed when the storm sank a ferry on Sep 13.
    (SFC, 9/16/14, p.A2)
2014        Sep 15, In Thailand British tourists Hannah Witheridge (23), and David Miller (24) were found battered to death on a beach on Koh Tao, a small island in the Gulf of Thailand. An autopsy indicated that Witheridge had been raped. On Oct 2 police said two workers from Myanmar have confessed to the murders. On Oct 21 Win Zaw Htun and Zaw Lin, both 21, sent a retraction letter to prosecutors handling their case claiming they were tortured and forced to confess under police custody. On Dec 24, 2015, Win Zaw Htun and Zaw Lin were sentenced to death.
    (AP, 9/15/14)(AP, 10/2/14)(AP, 10/22/14)(AP, 12/24/15)
2014        Sep 15, In Ukraine US-led military exercises involving 15 countries began, as fighting rumbled on in the restive east between government forces and pro-Russian rebels in violation of a ceasefire.
    (AFP, 9/15/14)

2015        Sep 15, Amazon founder Jeff Bezos said he is shipping his Blue Origin space company to Florida, where he will build rockets and launch them from Cape Canaveral Air Force Base.
    (SFC, 9/16/15, p.A6)
2015        Sep 15, In North Carolina the town council in coastal Surf City approved the retirement of Police Chief Mike Halstead, who said he was forced to retire after he described the Black Lives Matter movement as "an American-born terrorist group" in a post on his personal Facebook page this month.
    (Reuters, 9/16/15)
2015        Sep 15, In Utah 12 people were killed after flash floods struck the town of Hildale overnight. Another 7 people were killed in nearby Zion national Park.
    (AFP, 9/15/15)(SFC, 9/16/15, p.A7)(SFC, 9/18/15, p.A6)
2015        Sep 15, In Australia multi-millionaire former banker Malcolm Turnbull (60) was sworn in as the nation’s 29th prime minister and the fourth in just over two years.
    (AFP, 9/15/15)(Econ, 9/19/15, p.35)
2015        Sep 15, In Chile a 24-hour strike by civil aviation workers grounded departing flights.
    (AP, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, In Congo DRC more than 1,000 people demonstrated on the streets of the capital against what they said are plans by President Joseph Kabila to cling to power after his constitutional mandate ends next year.
    (Reuters, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, In France 7 people were killed when an avalanche swept them away at the Snow Dome in the Alps' Massif des Ecrins.
    (AFP, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, Germany called for an EU summit on Europe's biggest migrant crisis since World War II as Hungary's right-wing government shut the main land route for migrants into the EU, taking matters into its own hands to halt Europe's influx of refugees. Berlin called for financial penalties against countries that refused to accommodate their share of migrants, drawing a furious response from central Europe.
    (Reuters, 9/15/15)(AFP, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, At least 22 Greece-bound migrants drowned when their boat sank off Turkey. Police blocked hundreds of others seeking to find an alternative route to Europe by land.
    (AFP, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, Israeli forces stormed Jerusalem's Al-Aqsa mosque compound as they clashed with Palestinians for the third day straight at the flashpoint site.
    (AP, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, In Kenya Google launched its Street View service in Samburu park, in a move conservationists said could help protect endangered elephants.
    (AFP, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, A Kuwaiti court sentenced seven men to death, five of them in absentia, for their roles in the deadly June 26 Shiite mosque bombing claimed by the Islamic State group. The court sentenced eight people, including five women, to jail terms ranging from two to 15 years for providing weapons training, abetting the attack, or knowing about it and failing to inform authorities.
    (AFP, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, A Malawian teacher was arrested on suspicion of attempting to sell an albino schoolgirl for $10,000.
    (AFP, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, North Korea said its main nuclear complex was operating and it was working to improve the "quality and quantity" of its weapons which it could use against the United States at "any time".
    (Reuters, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, Norway said it will make a final $100-million payment to Brazil this year to complete a $1-billion project that rewards a slowdown in forest loss in the Amazon basin.
    (Reuters, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, Pakistan's military accused neighboring India of killing a Pakistani soldier by resorting to what it called "unprovoked firing" in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, In Romania city officials suspended Bucharest Mayor Sorin Oprescu (63), who is under arrest on suspicion of taking bribes worth 25,000 euros ($28,000) from companies working for the city hall.
    (AP, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, Russian state news agencies said French supermarket chain Auchan has been fined over $370,000 by Russian officials over alleged food safety violations.
    (AP, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, Saudi police captured two suspected militants, along with several weapons and an explosive vest, in two raids around the capital Riyadh.
    (Reuters, 9/16/15)
2015        Sep 15, Sierra Leone health authorities said they had quarantined almost 700 people as they battled to contain a new outbreak of Ebola.
    (AFP, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, PM Robert Fico said Slovakia will never support mandatory quotas as part of the European Union's response to its migrant crisis.
    (Reuters, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, South Sudan's president urged his people to "join hands" in implementing a peace deal to end more than 20 months of conflict.
    (Reuters, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, In Spain a fighting bull was stabbed to death with lances as the town of Tordesillas held its controversial annual festival to a background of clashes between animal rights activists and participants.
    (Reuters, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, Switzerland said it is ready to accept a migrant quota on the lines proposed by European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, providing the EU accepts the plan. The planned admission of some 29,000 migrants was later raised to 30,000 as hundreds of thousands of migrants surged through the Balkans.
    (Reuters, 9/15/15)(Econ, 10/24/15, p.50)
2015        Sep 15, In Tajikistan Major General Abduhalim Nazarzoda (51) was killed by security forces after a failed coup in which gunmen loyal to him clashed with government forces in battles that killed dozens of people.
    (, 8/9/17)
2015        Sep 15, Tunisia, whose economy has remained stagnant since the ouster of a long-time dictator in 2011, unveiled the outlines of a five-year plan to cut unemployment by stimulating growth.
    (AFP, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, Vietnam agreed with Japan to step up security cooperation, becoming the latest Southeast Asian country to seek closer ties with Tokyo as China maintains an assertive posture in disputed waters in the South China Sea.
    (Reuters, 9/15/15)
2015        Sep 15, Yemeni loyalist forces, backed by the Saudi-led Arab coalition, said they were advancing in a key province east of Sanaa, on the third day of a major offensive against rebels.
    (AFP, 9/15/15)

2016        Sep 15, Brazil's federal police said they were conducting search and seizure warrants as part of an investigation into fraudulent public contracts that includes loans from the country's massive state development bank BNDES.
    (Reuters, 9/15/16)
2016        Sep 15, China launched the Tiangong 2, its second space station, atop a Long March 7 rocket from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center.
    (SFC, 9/16/16, p.A2)
2016        Sep 15, In northern China 4 people, including two children, died in a plane crash during an air show in Hebei province.
    (AP, 9/16/16)
2016        Sep 15, In China Typhoon Meranti swept into Fujian province after hitting Taiwan, leaving a total of two dead and dozens injured. Meranti killed at least 28 people in China, one in Taiwan and cut power to more than a million homes.
    (AP, 9/15/16)(AP, 9/17/16)(SSFC, 9/19/16, p.A5)
2016        Sep 15, Congo DRC Justice Minister Alexis Thambwe Mwamba said the Democratic Republic of Congo will form an interim government that includes opposition members, as part of a deal to set up new elections and break a political impasse.
    (Reuters, 9/15/16)
2016        Sep 15, The European Union said it has admitted Indonesia to a special licensing system it hopes will prevent the illegally felled tropical timber that makes up a substantial part of the country's wood production from being shipped to the 28-nation bloc.
    (AP, 9/15/16)
2016        Sep 15, The European Union's border agency Frontex said some 23,000 irregular migrants arrived in Italy in August, most crossing the Mediterranean from Libya on what has become the main immigration route into Europe.
    (AP, 9/15/16)
2016        Sep 15, Deutsche Bank confirmed that America’s Dept. of Justice had asked for $14 billion to settle possible claims connected with the underwriting and sale of residential mortgage-backed securities (RMBSS) between 2005 and 2007.
    (Econ, 9/24/16, p.71)
2016        Sep 15, In India thousands of indigenous people rallied in the eastern state of Jharkhand, protesting against the government's proposal to amend decades-old land laws, saying it would deprive them of their rights.
    (Reuters, 9/16/16)
2016        Sep 15, India detained Khurram Parvez (39), a leading Kashmiri human rights activist, a day after it stopped him from boarding a flight to attend a UN Human Rights Council meeting in Geneva. Parvez has spoken out against the use of force in an ongoing security crackdown.
    (Reuters, 9/16/16)
2016        Sep 15, In India Tariq Hameed Karra, a founding member of the People's Democratic Party, resigned from India's Parliament and from his regional party to protest a government crackdown in Kashmir that prevented people from offering Eid prayers for the first time in the troubled region.
    (AP, 9/15/16)
2016        Sep 15, In Indonesia 2 foreign tourists were killed and about 20 other people were injured in an explosion on a speedboat that was ferrying them from the tourist island of Bali to neighboring Lombok.
    (AP, 9/15/16)
2016         Sep 15, A local Japanese official said that hundreds of horseshoe crabs -- known as "living fossils" because they are among the Earth's oldest creatures -- have been found dead near Kitakyushu city where they lay their eggs.
    (AFP, 9/15/16)
2016        Sep 15, In Mexico thousands of protesters marched through Mexico City to demand the resignation of Pres. Enrique Nieto Pena over a sluggish economy and a renewed rise in violent crime. Pena’s approval rating had dropped to 23%.
    (Econ, 10/1/16, p.36)
2016        Sep 15, Pakistani police arrested the father, husband and brother of a woman who was tortured and hanged alongside her alleged boyfriend in a family courtyard in eastern Punjab province. Khalida Bibi, a married mother-of-three, and her alleged boyfriend, Mohammad Mukhtar (21), were murdered in a so-called honor killing in the village of Mian Channu.
    (AP, 9/15/16)
2016        Sep 15, A Pakistani express train crashed into a freight train killing at least four people and injuring 93.
    (Reuters, 9/15/16)
2016        Sep 15, It was reported that private banks in Singapore are sharing with local police the names of clients embracing an Indonesian tax amnesty. The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) confirmed in a statement that it has advised local banks to encourage their clients to use tax amnesty programs to regularize their tax affairs.
    (Reuters, 9/15/16)
2016        Sep 15, Ocean Tankers, the Singapore-based owner of the two 74,000 ton ships, the Chao Hu and the Hong Ze Hu, confirmed that the vessels were being denied permission to leave the Red Sea port of Hodeida, Yemen's second-biggest port, which is controlled by the Houthi movement that also holds the capital Sanaa.
    (Reuters, 9/15/16)
2016        Sep 15, In Uganda two activists of the self-styled Jobless Brotherhood released ten piglets outside parliament to protest a decision by MPs to award themselves $59,000 each on fancy new cars.
    (Econ, 9/24/16, p.47)

2017        Sep 15, Harvard University revoked convicted US intelligence leaker and transgender activist Chelsea Manning's visiting fellowship position after sharp criticism from the Central Intelligence Agency. Manning lashed out at Harvard's decision via Twitter, accusing the institution of repressing "marginalized voices."
    (AFP, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, In St. Louis, Missouri, protests with vandalism and violence followed the acquittal of police Officer Jason Stockley who had shot a killed Anthony Lamar Smith (24) following a high speed chase in 2011. Smith was shot five times and prosecutors said Stockley had planted a gun on Smith following the shooting. Peaceful protests continued the next day.
    (, 9/16/17 p.A4)(SSFC, 9/17/17 p.A7)
2017        Sep 15, The Cleveland Indians had their AL record run stopped at 22 straight games as they were beaten 4-3 by the Kansas City Royals, who became the first team to conquer the defending league champions since Aug. 23.
    (AP, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, NASA’s Cassini spacecraft, launched in 1997, burned up in a fiery dive into Saturn, where it had been circling since 2004.
    (SFC, 9/16/17 p.A8)
2017        Sep 15, Harry Dean Stanton (b.1926), acclaimed American actor, died in Los Angeles. His more than 200 movies and TV shows included “Paris, Texas," 1984) and “Repo Man) (1984).
    (SFC, 9/16/17 p.A9)
2017        Sep 15, In southern Afghanistan a car carrying explosives rammed into a convoy of international troops killing Romanian Cpl. Madalin Stoica (41) and wounding two others in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, In London a home-made bomb on a packed rush-hour commuter train engulfed a carriage in flames and injured 22 people in Britain's fifth major terrorism incident this year, but apparently failed to fully explode. Security services identified a suspect involved in the Parsons Green bombing with the help of surveillance footage. Suspect Ahmed Hassan (18) was arrested the following morning by Kent police in the port of Dover carrying 2,320 pounds in cash and a new phone.
    (AP, 9/15/17)(Reuters, 9/15/17)(AP, 9/16/17)(AP, 9/17/17)(AP, 3/16/18)
2017        Sep 15, Cambodia's PM Hun Sen escalated his feud with the United States, calling for US Peace Corps volunteers doing development work to be withdrawn.
    (AP, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, Chinese authorities charged nine people from a waste treatment facility with the dumping tens of thousands of tons of toxic waste into a section of the Yangtze River near Shanghai.
    (AP, 9/17/17)
2017        Sep 15, In eastern Congo DRC at least 36 Burundian refugees were killed in clashes with Congolese security forces in the town of Kamanyola over plans to send some of them home. One Congolese officer was killed. Congo's government spokesman Lambert Mende denied that those killed were refugees, saying that the clashes broke out when assailants from an unidentified armed group attacked an office belonging to the national intelligence agency.
    (Reuters, 9/16/17)(SSFC, 9/17/17 p.A3)
2017        Sep 15, French President Emmanuel Macron invited cameras into his Elysee Palace office as he signed into law new legislation, making him the first French president to wield his constitutional power in public view.
    (Reuters, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, France's highest court ruled that a researcher could be denied access to sensitive archives concerning the 1994 genocide in Rwanda even though they were ostensibly opened to the public in 2015.
    (AFP, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, In France two women were injured by an attacker wielding a hammer and shouting Allahu Akbar in the eastern town of Chalon-sur-Saone in Burgundy. The attacker was on the run.
    (Reuters, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, Greek authorities banned swimming along a long line of popular Athens beaches following extensive sea pollution from the sinking of a small oil tanker five days ago, which prompted a large containment and cleanup operation.
    (AP, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, In Guinea unrest over wages and electricity cuts kept the bauxite mining hub of Boke partially blocked after a night of gunfire in which witnesses said youths set up roadblocks and burned tires. A day earlier a boy (17) was shot and killed. On Sep 13 security forces shot dead another man when they intervened to break up riots.
    (Reuters, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, Iceland's nine-month-old, center-right government collapsed after a small coalition member quit over an attempt by the prime minister's father to help clear a convicted pedophile's name.
    (AP, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, Iranian state news agency IRNA said the China Development Bank has signed a memorandum of understanding for $15 billion. Iranian media reports have said projects would include water management, energy, environment and transport.
    (AP, 11/30/17)
2017        Sep 15, Norway's Foreign Minister Boerge Brende said he has resigned from his position to become president of the World Economic Forum.
    (Reuters, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, North Korea conducted its longest-ever test flight of a ballistic missile, sending an intermediate-range weapon 2,300 miles over US ally Japan into the northern Pacific Ocean in a launch that signals both defiance to its rivals and a big technological advance.
    (AP, 9/15/17)(SFC, 9/16/17 p.A3)
2017        Sep 15, In Pakistan a suspected US drone strike killed three people in the tribal area near the Afghanistan border, in what Afghan Taliban sources say was an attack targeting a Haqqani network militant.
    (Reuters, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, A Pakistani judge sentenced a Christian man to death after finding him guilty of insulting Islam's Prophet in the eastern Punjab province.
    (AP, 9/16/17)
2017        Sep 15, Peruvian President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski's entire 19-member Cabinet was forced to resign following a no-confidence vote by the opposition-led congress, throwing the country into political turmoil. Mr. Kuczynski reappointed most of them two days later, except for PM Fernando Zavala and four others.
    (AP, 9/15/17)(Econ, 9/23/17, p.32)
2017        Sep 15, A Philippine official ordered the entire police for of Caloocan off the job after some of its members were suspected in the gruesome killings of three teenagers and others were seen on surveillance cameras robbing a house.
    (SFC, 9/16/17 p.A3)
2017        Sep 15, Slovenia launched legal action against the European Commission for issuing a permit to Croatia last July to use the Teran red wine brand in the bloc.
    (AP, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, This was the official release date for South Korea-based Samsung’s new smartphone, the Galaxy Note 8, for $960.
    (, 9/16/17, p.58)
2017        Sep 15, Syrian government forces pressed their offensive in the province of Hama in an attack aimed at clearing central Syria of Islamic State group fighters. The violence came as a deal was announced in the Kazakh capital of Astana on de-escalation in the nearby, mostly rebel-held province of Idlib.
    (AP, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, Turkey detained Celal Celik, the main opposition leader's lawyer, for alleged links to the network accused of carrying out last year's failed coup, in a widening government crackdown.
    (Reuters, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, Turkey’s foreign ministry said Russia, Iran and Turkey have agreed to post observers on the edge of a de-escalation zone in northern Syria's Idlib region, which is largely controlled by Islamist militants.
    (Reuters, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, In Ukraine a fire swept through a children's camp in the Black Sea port of Odessa, killing two girls and leaving a third one missing.
    (AFP, 9/16/17)
2017        Sep 15, Vatican and US officials said a high-ranking priest working in the Vatican's embassy in Washington has been recalled after US prosecutors asked for him to be charged there and face trial in a child pornography investigation.
    (AP, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, Typhoon Doksuri slammed into central Vietnam, killing four people and injuring 10 others as heavy rains and strong winds ripped off roofs and knocked over many electricity poles.
    (AP, 9/15/17)   
2017        Sep 15, In Yemen mortar rounds fired by Huthi rebels on residential districts in Taez killed three children and severely wounded nine others.
    (AFP, 9/16/17)

2018        Sep 15, US authorities warned residents displaced by a killer hurricane against returning home, as storm Florence dumped "epic amounts of rainfall" across the eastern United States, resulting in life-threatening flooding. Five deaths were officially confirmed in North Carolina.
    (AP, 9/15/18)
2018        Sep 15, Officials in Arizona said Christopher Matthew Clements (36) has been indicted in the kidnappings and killings of two girls who went missing in 2012 and 2014. Mercedes Celis (6) was last seen in her bedroom in Tucson on April 20, 2012. The body of Mirabel Gonzalez (13) was discovered in Tucson in June, 2014..
    (SSFC, 9/16/18, p.A10)
2018        Sep 15, NASA launched a satellite, designed to measure changes in Earth's ice sheets, into orbit from southern California's Vandenberg Air Force Base.
    (SSFC, 9/16/18, p.A10)
2018        Sep 15, California Gov. Jerry Brown announced a sister-state relationship with the German state of Baden-Württemberg that furthers strengthens climate and economic ties between the two entities.
    (AP, 9/16/18)
2018        Sep 15, In Massachusetts Arthur Medici (26), boogie-boarding off Newcomb Hollow Beach at Cape Cod, was attacked by a shark and died soon after at a hospital.
    (SSFC, 9/16/18, p.A14)(SFC, 9/17/18, p.A4)
2018        Sep 15, Jean Briggs Watters (92), World War II British codebreaker, died in Nebraska. She was among about 10,000 people, mostly women, who participated in the Allied effort to crack German communication codes throughout the war and was buried on Sept. 24 with British military honors.
    (AP, 9/25/18)
2018        Sep 15, In Texas US Border Patrol agent Juan David Ortiz was arrested in Laredo for the murder of four women, believed to have worked as prostitutes. Erika Pena managed to escape from him on Sept. 14 and notified authorities. Two other victims were killed after Pena ran off. In December Ortiz was charged with capital murder.
    (SSFC, 9/16/18, p.A14)(SFC, 9/17/18, p.A5)(SFC, 12/6/18, p.A6)
2018        Sep 15, The Australian state of Queensland offered a A$100,000 ($71,500) reward for information leading to the arrest of those responsible for sabotaging strawberries with sewing needles.
    (Reuters, 9/15/18)
2018        Sep 15, In Australia a man (23) and a woman (21) died after collapsing at the Defqon.1 music festival in Sydney. A dozen more were hospitalized and hundreds others sought medical assistance after suspected drug overdoses.
    (Reuters, 9/16/18)
2018        Sep 15, In Burundi hundreds of people took part in government organized protests in Bujumbura against a UN report that blamed President Pierre Nkurunziza for fuelling hatred and violence.
    (AFP, 9/15/18)
2018        Sep 15, Egyptian police detained the sons of former president Hosni Mubarak along with three others in connection with insider trading charges for which the five are on trial.
    (AP, 9/15/18)
2018        Sep 15, Ethiopia's exiled leadership of the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), which had previously been declared a terrorist movement by the government, returned home, marking another step in political reforms driven by the new prime minister.
    (Reuters, 9/15/18)
2018        Sep 15, In Ethiopia shops were looted and people attacked by mobs of Oromo youth who stormed through streets targeting businesses and homes of ethnic minorities. At least 23 people were killed in violence targeting minorities in the ethnic Oromo heartland near Addis Ababa.
    (Reuters, 9/17/18)
2018        Sep 15, In France four men allegedly raped a woman (19) outside a nightclub in Toulouse. Images of the apparent attack soon circulated on social media. The alleged victim later told police that she had been attacked in the nightclub's car park and that she believed she had been drugged.
    (Reuters, 9/20/18)
2018        Sep 15, Iraqi lawmakers elected Mohammed al-Halbousi (37), an Iran-backed Sunni Arab, as speaker of parliament, the first step in forming a new government four months after national elections.
    (AP, 9/15/18)
2018        Sep 15, In Indian-controlled Kashmir a young man was killed and more than a dozen other people were injured when government forces fired at anti-India protesters after soldiers killed five rebels in fighting.
    (AP, 9/15/18)
2018        Sep 15, Israeli missiles late today targeted Syria's Damascus international airport.
    (AFP, 9/16/18)
2018        Sep 15, In northwestern Pakistan the roof of a mud and brick house collapsed amid heavy rain killing four members of a family and injuring another.
    (AP, 9/16/18)
2018        Sep 15, Palestinian Saheeb Abu Kashef (16) died late today after being shot on August 3 east of Khan Yunis in the southern Gaza Strip.
    (AFP, 9/16/18)
2018        Sep 15, In the northern Philippines Typhoon Mangkhut slammed ashore before dawn and left at least 12 people dead, mostly in landslides and houses that got pummeled by the storm's fierce winds and rain.
    (AP, 9/15/18)
2018        Sep 15, In eastern Romania US basketball players Darrell Bowie (24) and Joseph McClain (25) were stabbed late today in a club and Bowie was in a serious condition.
    (AP, 9/16/18)
2018        Sep 15, Pyotr Verzilov, publisher of a Russian online news outlet and affiliated with the anti-Kremlin punk band Pussy Riot, arrived in Berlin from Moscow late today on a medical transport plane. The anti-Kremlin activist lost his sight, hearing and his ability to walk in a suspected poisoning last week.
    (Reuters, 9/16/18)
2018        Sep 15, In Rwanda prominent opposition leader Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza walked free after the government approved the early release of more than 2,100 prisoners with little explanation. She quickly urged Pres. Kagame to release all other political prisoners.
    (AP, 9/15/18)
2018        Sep 15, Pope Francis appealed to Mafiosi to renounce their quests for power and money as he visited Sicily to honor a priest slain by mob henchmen for trying to protect youths from the evil clutches of organized crime.
    (AP, 9/15/18)
2018        Sep 15, Sudan's new 21-member cabinet was sworn in, with PM Moutaz Mousa Abdallah also assuming the finance portfolio in a bid to revive the country's ailing economy.
    (AFP, 9/16/18)
2018        Sep 15, The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Force entered the eastern village of Bagouz held by the Islamic State group where intense clashes were ongoing.
    (AP, 9/15/18)
2018        Sep 15, In Thailand police arrested three people and charged them with possession of 2,060 grams (73 ounces) of crystal methamphetamine bought from a gang of Africans in Thailand.
    (AP, 9/18/18)
2018        Sep 15, Turkish unions said hundreds of workers on the construction site of Istanbul's third airport, one of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's mega development projects, have been arrested for protesting at the number of work-related deaths and poor conditions.
    (AFP, 9/15/18)
2018        Sep 15, Turkey freed 160 workers late today out of almost 600 who were arrested following a protest over work-related deaths and poor conditions at the construction site for Istanbul's third airport.
    (AFP, 9/16/18)
2018        Sep 15, In Yemen a court in Sanaa, controlled by the Houthi rebels, charged 24 Baha'is and put them on trial for apostasy and espionage, which carry the death penalty.
    (AP, 10/30/18)

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