Return to homeFor Asian History: http://www.asiaobserver.org/2019/10/23 4004BC Oct 23, According
to 17th century divine James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh, and Dr.
John Lightfoot of Cambridge, the world was created on this day, a
Sunday, at 9 a.m.
42BC Oct 23, Marcus Junius
Brutus, a leading conspirator in the assassination of Julius Caesar,
committed suicide after his defeat at the Battle of Philippi.
Octavian and Mark Antony defeated Brutus and Cassius at Philippi in
(WUD, 1994, p.1081)(MC, 10/23/01)
787 Oct 23, Byzantine
Empress Irene (c. 752-803) attended the final session of the 2nd
church council at Nicaea, Bithynia [now Iznik, a city in Anatolia
(now part of Turkey)]. The council formally revived the adoration of
icons and reunited the Eastern church with that of Rome.
1450 Oct 23, Juan de Capistrano
(70), Italian saint, died.
1520 Oct 23, King Carlos I
(1500-1558) was crowned as German emperor Charles V (1520-1558), a
Holy Roman Emperor.
1582 Oct 23, Cossacks attempted
to storm the Tatar fort at Mount Chyuvash for a 4th time when the
Tatars counterattacked. Over a 100 Cossacks were killed but their
gunfire forced a Tatar retreat allowed the capture of 2 Tatar
(ON, 2/04, p.4)
1588 Oct 23, Medina Sidonia's
Spanish Armada returned to Santander. [see Sep 21]
1641 Oct 23, Catholics in
Ireland, under Phelim O'Neil, rose against the Protestants and
cruelly massacred men, women and children to the number of 40,000
(some say 100,000). [see Oct 21]
1642 Oct 23, The Battle of
Edgehill was the first major clash between Royalist and
Parliamentary forces in the English Civil Wars. King Charles I and
11-15,000 Cavaliers held the high ground against 13-15,000
Roundheads led by the Earl of Essex and Oliver Cromwell. The
conflict began with a smattering of cannon exchanges. The Royalist
artillery was hampered by its uphill position, rendering its cannons
largely ineffective against the enemy below. As a result, Royalist
cavalry, led by the King’s nephew, Prince Rupert, swept down the
hill toward the Parliamentarians, decimating a large section of
their ranks. The Royalists did not capitalize on this initial
success, however, as the troops became more interested in plundering
the town than in finishing the fight. This allowed Parliamentarian
troops to regroup and break up enemy formations. After several hours
of hard fighting, both sides withdrew to their original positions,
leaving a field scattered with debris and casualties.
1642 Oct 23, Sir Edmund Verneys
rode into the battle of Edgehill as the standard bearer of Charles I
and died there. In 2007 Adrian Tinniswood authored “The Verneys: A
True Story of Love, War and Madness in Seventeenth-Century England."
(Econ, 3/3/07, p.87)
1668 Oct 23, Jews of Barbados
were forbidden to engage in retail trade.
1679 Oct 23, The Meal Tub Plot
took place against James II of England.
1690 Oct 23, American colonial
forces from Boston led by Sir William Phips, failed in their attempt
to seize Quebec. Phips lost 4 ships on the return trip due to stormy
1690 Oct 23, There was a revolt
in Haarlem, Holland, after a public ban on smoking.
1698 Oct 23, Ange-Jacques
Gabriel, French court architect (Place de la Concorde), was born.
1707 Oct 23, The first
Parliament of Great Britain, created by the Acts of Union between
England and Scotland, held its first meeting.
1750 Oct 23, Nicolas Appert,
the inventor of canning, was born. [see Oct 23, 1752]
1752 Oct 23, Nicolas Appert,
inventor (food canning, bouillon tablet), was born. [see Oct 23,
1760 Oct 23, The 1st Jewish
prayer books were printed in US.
1767 Oct 23, H. Benjamin
Constant, [de Rebeque], French politician and writer, was born.
1775 Oct 23, Continental
Congress approved a resolution barring blacks from army.
1783 Oct 23, Virginia
emancipated slaves who fought for independence during the
1790 Oct 23, Slaves revolted in
1801 Oct 23, Gustav Albert
Lortzing, composer, was born.
1801 Oct 23, Johann Gottlieb
Naumann (60), German composer, died.
1812 Oct 23, There was a failed
coup against emperor Napoleon.
1814 Oct 23, The 1st plastic
surgery was performed in England.
1824 Oct 23, The 1st steam
locomotive was introduced.
1829 Oct 23, The Eastern State
Penitentiary in Philadelphia received its 1st prisoner, burglar
Charles Williams (18). It was based on the Quaker idea of reform
through solitude and reflection. It opened to tourists in 1971 after
being closed to prisoners. The prison was designed by John Haviland.
(WSJ, 9/19/97, p.B1)(AHHT, 10/02, p.18)
1835 Oct 23, Adlai Ewing
Stevenson, (D) 23rd VP (1893-97), was born.
1844 Oct 23, Sarah Bernhardt,
French actress, was born. [see Oct 22]
1861 Oct 23, President Abraham
Lincoln suspended the writ of habeas corpus in Washington, D.C. for
all military-related cases.
1863 Oct 23, Gen’l. Grant
arrived at Chattanooga. [see Oct 24]
(HT, 4/97, p.56)
1864 Oct 23, Forces led by
Union Gen. Samuel R. Curtis defeated Confederate Gen. Stirling
Price's army in Missouri.
1869 Oct 23, John Heisman,
American college football coach from 1892 to 1927, was born. He had
a trophy for best college player named after him.
1872 Oct 23, Theophile Gautier
(61), French poet, writer, historian, and critic, died.
1890 Oct 23, Borodin's Opera
"Prince Igor" was produced posthumously in St. Petersburg.
1901 Oct 23, Georg von Siemens,
founder of Deutsche Bank, died.
1906 Oct 23, Gertrude Ederle,
swimmer (Olympic-gold-1924), was born in NYC.
1910 Oct 23, Blanche S. Scott
became the first woman to make a solo, public airplane flight,
reaching an altitude of 12 feet at a park in Fort Wayne, Indiana.
1910 Oct 23, Rama V (b.1853)
King Chulalongkorn (b.1853), died. The 42-year reign of King
Chulalongkorn, the son of Mongkut, was known for a modernization
drive and abolition of slavery. He also ceded territories to Western
powers, including Laos and Cambodia to France, and the Malay
sultanates of Kedah, Kelantan, Terengganu and Perlis to Britain.
Chulalongkorn was the first Siamese king to send royal princes to
study King Vajiravudh succeeded his father as Rama VI and
formed a private army, the Wild Tiger Corps, on his accession.in
Europe. He visited twice and presented Siam as a modern nation to
European rulers. He had introduced state corporations as a way to
modernize Siam (Thailand). Rama V lived in the Vimanmek Mansion in
Bangkok. It was made entirely of golden teak wood.
p.A12)(Econ, 3/20/10, p.27)(Econ, 5/24/14, p.36)(Reuters, 5/2/19)
1915 Oct 23, Tens of thousands
of women marched in NYC, demanding the right to vote.
1917 Oct 23, The 1st Infantry
division, "Big Red One," fired the 1st US shot in WW I.
1917 Oct 23, Lenin spoke
against Kamenev, Kollontai, Stalin and Trotsky.
1918 Oct 23, President Wilson
felt satisfied that the Germans were accepting his armistice terms
and agreed to transmit their request for an armistice to the Allies.
The Germans had agreed to suspend submarine warfare, cease inhumane
practices such as the use of poison gas, and withdraw troops back
1919 Oct 23, Sigmund Romberg's
musical "Passing Show," premiered in NYC.
1920 Oct 23, Chicago grand jury
indicted Abe Attell, Hal Chase, and Bill Burns as go-betweens in
Black Sox World Series scandal.
1921 Oct 23, Green Bay Packers
played their 1st NFL game. They won 7-6 over Minneapolis.
1921 Oct 23, Leos Janacek
(1854-1928) completed his opera "Katya Kabanov," and it premiered in
Brno. It was inspired by Alexander Ostrovsky’s mid 19th century play
(WSJ, 1/3/96, p.A7)(WSJ, 1/16/98, p.A12)(MC,
1922 Oct 23, Andrew Bonar Law
(1858-1923) began serving as British prime minister and continued to
May 22, 1923. Winston Churchill dubbed his coalition government the
“second eleven" because so many top players refused to serve in it.
1925 Oct 23, Johnny Carson
(d.2005), American television personality who hosted the "Tonight
Show," was born in Corning, Iowa.
(HN, 10/23/98)(SFC, 1/24/05, p.A7)
1925 Oct 23, Manos Hadjidakis,
Greek composer and conductor (Never on Sunday), was born.
1928 Oct 23, Francois V.
Alphonse Aulard (b.1849), French historian, died.
1929 Oct 23, First
transcontinental air service began from New York to Los Angeles.
1932 Oct 23, "Fred Allen Show"
premiered on radio.
1933 Oct 23, Germany withdrew
from the League of Nations in light of the failure of the Germans to
gain military parity with the Western powers.
1934 Oct 23, Jean Piccard and
Jeanette Ridlen attained a record balloon height of 17,341m.
1935 Oct 23, Dutch Schultz
(33), born as Arthur Flegenheimer, was shot in the men’s room of the
Palace Chop House and Tavern in Newark, New Jersey. He lingered for
nearly a day before dying after being the target of a mob hit.
Schultz wanted to have Thomas E. Dewey murdered because the special
prosecutor had set his sights on the numbers racket operated by
Schultz. A syndicate of New York’s top mobsters decided to murder
Schultz because it feared the wrath of the authorities and decided
against the assassination. Schultz gang members Abe Landau and Otto
"Aba Daba" Berman and bodyguard Bernard "Lulu" Rosencrantz were
1939 Oct 23, Zane Grey (67), US
western writer (Spirit of the Border), died. He authored 89 books,
mostly Westerns. He books on fishing included: "Tales of fishes" and
"An American Angler in Australia."
(SFEC, 9/24/00, p.T10)(MC, 10/23/01)(WSJ, 1/8/02,
1940 Oct 23, Pele, legendary
Brazilian soccer player who scored 1,281 goals in 22 years, was
1941 Oct 23, Walt Disney's
cartoon film, "Dumbo," was released.
1941 Oct 22-23, Some 39,000
Jews were killed by Romanian troops over 2 days in Odessa. Many of
them were burned to death in a public square or in warehouses that
were locked shut. Altogether some 90,000 Jews were killed in Odessa.
(SFC, 6/15/98, p.A11)
1942 Oct 23, Michael Crichton,
writer, was born. His work includes "Jurassic Park" and "The
1942 Oct 23, The Western Task
Force, destined for North Africa, departed from Hampton Roads,
Virginia. The command of the Western Task Force, part of an invasion
of North Africa during World War II known as Operation Torch, was
given to General George Patton. Placed under the command of General
George Patton, the Western Task Force had the advantage of having a
man at the top who would stop at nothing to see that the mission was
accomplished, a quality that would be needed in the days ahead.
Naval operations were in the hands of Rear Adm. H. Kent Hewitt, an
easygoing man who, in the beginning, found it difficult to work with
Patton, but with increasing familiarity became a solid partner.
(HN, 10/23/98)(HNQ, 12/8/00)
1942 Oct 23, Ralph Rainger
(41), pianist and song writer, was among 12 people killed when their
DC-3 crashed after being clipped by a B-34 bomber flown by Army Lt.
William Wilson, who had wanted to thumb his nose at Louis Reppert, a
flight school buddy and co-pilot of the DC-3. An Army court-martial
panel later exonerated Wilson, who had been charged with
manslaughter. Rainger’s songs included “Love in Bloom" and “Thanks
for the Memories," which Bing Crosby made a hit in 1934.
(WSJ, 12/30/08, p.D7)
1942 Oct 23, During World War
II, Britain launched a major offensive against Axis forces at El
Alamein in Egypt.
1943 Oct 23, The 1st Jewish
transport out of Rome reached Birkenau (Poland) extermination camp.
1944 Oct 23, In the Philippines
the Battle of Leyte Gulf began. In 1947 C. Van Woodward authored
"The Battle of Leyte Gulf."
(AP, 10/23/97)(SFEC, 12/19/99, p.C14)
1944 Oct 23, Soviet army
1944 Oct 23, Hanička "Hana"
Brady (b. 1931 as Hana Bradyová), Czechoslovakian Jewish girl, was
murdered in the gas chambers at German concentration camp of
Auschwitz, located in the occupied territory of Poland. She is the
subject of the 2002 non-fiction children's book Hana's Suitcase,
written by Karen Levine.
1945 Oct 23, Jackie Robinson
signed a Montreal Royal contract.
1946 Oct 23, The United Nations
General Assembly convened in New York for the first time, at an
auditorium in Flushing Meadow.
1946 Oct 23, A Vatican document
advised French church authorities on how to handle information
requests from Jewish officials, asking them not to put anything in
writing: “Children who have been baptized must not be entrusted to
institutions that cannot ensure their Christian education." The
document surfaced in 2004.
(SFC, 1/1/05, p.A12)
1948 Oct 23, Israel established
its first diplomatic mission as a new nation at the Bristol Hotel in
central Warsaw, Poland.
1950 Oct 23, Al Jolson (64),
singer and actor (Jazz Singer), died. He was born in Russia as Asa
1952 Oct 23, The Nobel Prize
for Medicine was awarded to Ukrainian-born microbiologist Selmart A.
Waksman for his discovery streptomycin, the 1st antibiotic to
successfully treat tuberculosis.
(HN, 10/23/00)(SFC, 1/11/01, p.C16)
1953 Oct 23, France granted
sovereignty to Laos. [see Oct 22]
1954 Oct 23, In Paris, an
agreement was signed providing for West German sovereignty and
permitting West Germany to rearm and enter NATO and the Western
European Union. Britain, England, France and USSR agreed to end
occupation of Germany. [see Oct 22]
(HN, 10/23/98)(MC, 10/23/01)
1956 Oct 23, The 1st video
recording on magnetic tape was televised coast-to-coast.
1956 Oct 23, Britain’s PM
Anthony Eden admitted to the cabinet that secret conversations had
been held in Paris with representatives of the Israeli government.
(Econ, 12/16/06, p.86)
1956 Oct 23, An anti-Stalinist
revolt began in Hungary. As the revolution spread, Soviet forces
started entering the country, and the uprising was put down within
weeks. Bela Kiraly (1912-2009), recently released from prison, was
named as the military commander of the Budapest and head of the
national guard. In 2001 Bela Liptak authored "A Testament of
Revolution." In 2006 three books were published that covered
Hungary’s October Revolution: “Failed Illusions" by Charles Gati;
“Journey to a Revolution" by Michael Korda; and Viktor Sebestyen’s
“Twelve Days: The Story of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution."
(SFC, 10/23/96, p.A8)(WSJ, 6/19/01, p.A20)(WSJ,
10/20/06, p.W4)(Econ, 10/21/06, p.94)(AP, 10/23/07)(SSFC, 7/5/09,
1958 Oct 23, Boris Pasternak
won the Nobel Prize in literature. However, Soviet authorities
pressured Pasternak into relinquishing the award.
(SFC, 11/27/97, p.B3)(AP, 10/23/99)
1958 Oct 23, De Gaulle offered
Algerian defiance "peace of the brave."
1958 Oct 23, USSR lent money to
UAR to build Aswan High Dam.
1959 Oct 23, "Weird Al"
Yankovic, parody singer (Eat It, UHF, Naked Gun), was born in
1959 Oct 23, Chinese troops
moved into India and 17 died.
1962 Oct 23, US ambassador
Adlai Stevenson spoke at UN about Cuba crisis.
1963 Oct 23, Neil Simon's
"Barefoot in the Park," premiered in NYC. [see Oct 24]
1968 Oct 23, In Nicaragua the
Cerro Negro volcano began erupting again and continued to Dec 10. It
had first appeared in 1850.
1972 Oct 23, Jascha Haifetz
(b.1901), virtuoso violinist, performed his farewell concert in Los
Angeles at the age of 72.
1972 Oct 23, The musical
"Pippin" opened on Broadway and ran for 1944 performances.
(AP, 10/23/97)(MC, 10/23/01)
1972 Oct 23, The US Marine
Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 became law.
1973 Oct 23, President Nixon
agreed to turn White House tape recordings requested by the
Watergate special prosecutor over to Judge John J. Sirica.
1975 Oct 23, A Battle between
Cuban and South Africa troops took place in Angola.
1978 Oct 23, CBS raised long
playing vinyl album prices to $8.98.
1978 Oct 23, Sid Vicious
attempted suicide while at Riker's Detention Center in NYC.
1978 Oct 23, Maybelle Carter
(b.1909), Virginia-born country singer, died in Nashville, Tenn. She
was a member of the original Carter Family, which was formed in 1927
by her brother-in-law, A. P. Carter, who was married to her cousin,
Sara, also a part of the trio.
1978 Oct 23, China and Japan
exchanged treaty ratification documents in Tokyo, formally ending
four decades of hostility.
1979 Oct 23, Billy Martin
(1928-1989), NY Yankee baseball manager, was involved in a barroom
altercation when he sucker punched Joseph Cooper, a Minnesota
marshmallow salesman. Cooper required 15 stitches. Martin was fired.
1980 Oct 23, The resignation of
Soviet Premier Alexei N. Kosygin was announced.
1981 Oct 23, The US national
debt hit $1 trillion.
1983 Oct 23, A truck filled
with explosives, driven by a Moslem suicide terrorist, crashed into
the US Marine barracks near the Beirut International Airport in
Lebanon. The bomb killed 241 Marines and sailors and injured 80.
Almost simultaneously, a similar incident occurred at French
military headquarters, where 58 died and 15 were injured. Hezbollah
leader Imad Mughniyah was suspected of involvement. In 2007 under a
law allowing foreign governments to be sued in US courts, US federal
judge Royce Lamberth ordered Iran to pay $2.65 billion to victims'
(WSJ, 8/1/96/p.B1)(AP, 10/23/97)(WSJ, 9/19/01,
1983 Oct 23, Jessica Savitch
(36), news anchor (NBC-TV), died in an automobile accident with
Martin Fischbein in New Hope, Pa.
1984 Oct 23, Oskar Werner
(b.1922), Austrian actor (Fahrenheit 451), died of a heart attack.
1987 Oct 23, The U.S. Senate
rejected, 58-42, the Supreme Court nomination of Robert H. Bork.
1989 Oct 23, In a case that
inflamed racial tensions in Boston, Charles Stuart claimed he and
his pregnant wife, Carol, had been shot in their car by a black
robber. Carol Stuart and her prematurely delivered baby died;
Charles Stuart later died, an apparent suicide, after he was
1989 Oct 23, Twenty-three
people were killed in an explosion at Phillips Petroleum Co.'s
chemical complex in Pasadena, Texas.
1989 Oct 23, Hungary proclaimed
itself a republic and declared an end to communist rule.
1990 Oct 23, Deficit-reduction
negotiations continued between the White House and congressional
leaders. President Bush, campaigning in New England, blamed the
Democratic-controlled Congress for the budget impasse.
1990 Oct 23, Iraq announced the
release of 330 French hostages.
1991 Oct 23, Clarence Thomas
was sworn in as US Supreme Court Justice.
1991 Oct 23, Dr. Jack Kevorkian
attended the suicide machine assisted deaths of 2 women in Michigan.
1991 Oct 23, Cambodia's warring
factions and representatives of 18 other nations signed a peace
treaty in Paris. All the factions signed The Paris Peace Agreements
with the UN to provide peacekeeping and elections. Khmer Rouge Pres.
Khieu Samphan and commander Son Sen soon returned to Phnom Penh for
the first time since 1979, then fled the same day as mobs tried to
lynch Khieu Samphan.
(SFC, 6/14/97, p.A15)(SFEC, 7/26/98, p.T6)(AP,
1992 Oct 23, President Bush
announced that Vietnam had agreed to turn over all materials in its
possession related to U.S. personnel in the Vietnam War.
1992 Oct 23, Japanese Emperor
Akihito began a visit to China, the first by a Japanese monarch.
1992 Oct 23, A French court
convicted three former health officials of charges they knowingly
allowed blood tainted with the AIDS virus to be used in
1993 Oct 23, The Toronto Blue
Jays repeated as baseball champions as they defeated the
Philadelphia Phillies, 8-6, in game six of the World Series.
1993 Oct 23, An IRA bomb
exploded in Belfast, Northern Ireland, killing 10 people, including
an IRA operative at a fish & chips shop on Shankill Road.
1994 Oct 23, Robert Lansing
(66), actor (Twelve O'Clock High, Kung Fu: The Legend Continues,
Equalizer), died of cancer.
1994 Oct 23, In Egypt a British
man was killed and 3 injured in an attack on a van by Islamic
extremists at Naqada.
(SFC, 11/19/97, p.C2)
1994 Oct 23, A suicide bomber
in Colombo, Sri Lanka, killed 50 people including Gamini
Dissanayake, the opposition presidential candidate.
1995 Oct 23, President Clinton
met with Russian President Boris Yeltsin in Hyde Park, New York; the
leaders agreed that Russian troops would help enforce peace in
Bosnia, but remained deadlocked on the issue of NATO command.
1995 Oct 23, The US Congress
passed the Jerusalem Embassy Act, effective as of Nov 8, 1995,
calling for the US embassy to be moved from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.
As of 2017 every US president since has signed a national security
waiver suspending the act.
(Econ, 12/24/16, p.74)
1995 Oct 23, A jury in Houston
convicted Yolanda Saldivar of murdering Tejano singing star Selena.
1996 Oct 23, The New York
Yankees tied the World Series at two games apiece, defeating the
Atlanta Braves, 8-6.
1996 Oct 23, Republican
presidential nominee Bob Dole tried to persuade Ross Perot to quit
the race and endorse the GOP ticket, but Perot refused.
1996 Oct 23, The civil trial of
O.J. Simpson opened in Santa Monica, Calif. Simpson was later found
liable in the deaths of his ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend, Ronald
1996 Oct 23, In Norway Gro
Harlem Brundtland announced her resignation as prime minister.
Thoerbjorn Jagland, leader of the Labor Party, was expected to
(SFC, 10/24/96, p.C3)
1997 Oct 23, The Florida
Marlins beat the Cleveland Indians, 8-7, in game five of the World
1997 Oct 23, British au pair
Louise Woodward, charged with murdering a baby in her care,
testified at her trial in Cambridge, Mass., that she'd never hurt
8-month-old Matthew Eappen, saying, "I love kids."
1997 Oct 23, The stock market
dropped 186.88 points in a ripple effect from an overnight drop in
the Hong Kong market.
(SFC, 10/24/97, p.A1)
1997 Oct 23, A psychologist at
UC Berkeley, S. Marc Breedlove, found that sexual activity among
rats reduced the size of neurons at the base of the spinal cord.
Smaller neurons are more active and fire more frequently and may
have become "primed for more action."
(SFC, 10/23/97, p.A1)
1997 Oct 23, AIDS researchers
reported a new chemokine molecule that blocks HIV from infecting
(WSJ, 10/24/97, p.A1)
1997 Oct 23, The International
Whaling Commission opened the way for an American Indian tribe, the
Makah, to resume traditional whale hunts for the first time in seven
1997 Oct 23, Algeria held local
elections. The government claimed a 66% turnout. The winners will
choose 2/3 of the members of the upper house of parliament. Pres.
Zeroual will choose the other third. Opposition parties charged that
the turnout was greatly inflated and that some poll watchers were
roughed up and stopped from observing the tally.
(SFC, 10/24/97, p.D2,4)(SFC, 10/24/97, p.A10)
1997 Oct 23, In Colombia 2
observers from the Organization of American States were kidnapped by
rebels and on candidate of the upcoming elections was killed. Rebels
detonated some 20 bombs across the country and 2 policemen were
killed as they tried to defuse car bombs.
(WSJ, 10/24/97, p.A1)(SFC, 10/24/97, p.A10)
1997 Oct 23, The UN threatened
a trade ban against Iraq unless Iraq cooperates with weapons
(SFC, 10/30/97, p.A12)
1998 Oct 23, The "BookTalk"
telephone hotline to various authors, founded by David Knight, was
described. Dial 818-788-9722 to listen to a variety of authors speak
(WSJ, 10/23/98, p.W12)
1998 Oct 23, An American
brokered peace deal was reached at the Wye Plantation in Maryland
between Yasser Arafat and Benjamin Netanyahu. Israeli and
Palestinian extremists denounced the deal. Land for the Palestinians
was exchanged for security guarantees to the Israelis backed by the
American CIA. Pres. Clinton agreed to release Jonathan Pollard, who
was jailed 11 years ago on charges of spying for Israel.
(SFC, 10/24/98, p.A1,10,13)(SFEC, 10/25/98,
1998 Oct 23, Researchers
reported the complete genetic sequence of the bacteria chlamydia
(SFC, 10/24/98, p.A3)
1998 Oct 23, Dr. Barnett
Slepian, an obstetrician, gynecologist and abortion practitioner,
was gunned down in his kitchen in Amherst, N.Y. James Charles Kopp
(44), aka "Atomic Dog," was later sought in relation to the killing.
In 1999 a warrant was issued for Kopp's arrest. Kopp was arrested in
France in 2001. Kopp was returned to the US in 2002 and pleaded not
guilty. In 2003 Kopp was found guilty of 2nd degree murder.
(SFEC, 10/25/98, p.A1)(SFC, 11/5/98, p.A7)(SFC,
5/6/99, p.A9)(SFC, 3/30/01, p.A3)(SFC, 6/6/02, p.A5)(SFC, 1/19/02,
1998 Oct 23, Typhoon Babs
pummeled the northern Philippines, killing at least 189.
1998 Oct 23, In Colombia Jesus
Fernandez, alleged ringleader of the Norte del Valle drug cartel,
was arrested in Medellin. He was also wanted by the US.
(SFC, 10/24/98, p.A12)
1998 Oct 23, In Iran voters
selected the 86-member Assembly of Experts, who in turn will select
the supreme leader of the country. Candidates for the Assembly were
tested and graded on Islamic law by the 12-member Council of
Guardians, who were in turn appointed by the supreme leader. The
turnout was low and Conservatives won at least 54 of the 86 seats.
(WSJ, 10/22/98, p.A1)(SFC, 10/24/98, p.A14)(SFC,
1998 Oct 23, Peru and Ecuador
settled their border dispute with a line along the Cordellera de
Condor mountain range. Contiguous national parks were to be created
in the disputed area. Tiwintza Hill, allocated to Peru, was to be
granted as private property to Ecuador.
(SFC, 10/24/98, p.A12)
1998 Oct 23, In Kosovo, Serbia,
4 people were killed trying to cross into Albania when they stepped
(SFC, 10/24/98, p.A10)
1998 Oct 23, In Turkey 5
Kurdish rebels burned themselves to death in loyalty to their leader
Abdullah Ocalan, who was expelled from Syria.
(SFC, 10/24/98, p.A14)
1999 Oct 23, The New York
Yankees won the first game of the World Series, beating the Atlanta
Braves, 4-to-1. The Yankees went on to sweep the series.
1999 Oct 23, Rev. Falwell and
200 members of his Baptist Church were scheduled to meet with 200
gay and lesbian religious leaders in Lynchburg, Va.
(SFC, 10/22/99, p.A1)
1999 Oct 23, A Ku Klux Klan
rally was allowed to proceed in NYC with no masks as thousands of
counter-demonstrators jeered them. 16 Klansmen and 2 Klan women
appeared at Foley Square along with some 6,000 protestors and 2,000
(SFC, 10/23/99, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/26/99, p.A26)(SFEC,
10/24/99, p.A2)(AP, 10/23/00)
1999 Oct 23, Pres. Jiang Zemin
of China visited France and signed a $2.5 billion deal that included
an order for 28 Airbus planes.
(SFEC, 10/27/99, p.A28)
1999 Oct 23, In Palermo, Italy,
Giulio Andreotti (80), 7 times prime minister, was acquitted of
charges that he was the Sicilian Mafia's protector in Rome.
(SFEC, 10/24/99, p.A17)
1999 Oct 23, In Mexico the
first monarch butterflies arrived at sanctuaries in Michoacan in
their annual migration.
(SFC, 11/6/99, p.A24)
1999 Oct 23, Palestine planned
to issue a national currency and the IMF estimated that 2 years of
preparations would be needed.
(SFEC, 10/27/99, p.A28)
2000 Oct 23, Pres. Clinton
signed a bill for a national standard of .08% as the legal limit for
alcohol in drunken driving.
(SFC, 10/24/00, p.A8)
2000 Oct 23, Secretary of State
Madeleine Albright held groundbreaking talks in North Korea with
communist leader Kim Jong Il.
2000 Oct 23, It was reported
that General Electric had agreed to buy Honeywell for $48.4 billion
in stock and assumed debt.
(SFC, 10/23/00, p.D1)
2000 Oct 23, In India at least
16 people were killed in 2 attacks in Assam state. Police blamed the
United Liberation Front of Asom. Over 10,000 people have been killed
since the group began its campaign 2 decades ago.
(SFC, 10/24/00, p.A16)
2000 Oct 23, In Israel Prime
Minister Barak opened negotiations with Ariel Sharon and the Likud
Party for a broad-based emergency government.
(SFC, 10/24/00, p.A14)
2000 Oct 23, The Int’l.
Commission on Kosovo recommended that Kosovo become a separate state
when the safety of its minorities can be guaranteed.
(SFC, 10/24/00, p.A16)
2000 Oct 23, In Lebanon Pres.
Lahoud appointed Rafik Hariri as prime minister.
(SFC, 10/24/00, p.A16)
2000 Oct 23, Two more
Palestinians died from injuries received during rioting in Nablus.
(SFC, 10/24/00, p.A14)
2000 Oct 23, In Peru Vladimiro
Montesinos, the former intelligence chief, landed in Pisco as police
and protesters clashed in Lima.
(SFC, 10/24/00, p.A14)
2000 Oct 23, Senegal struck the
1st cut-rate deal for AIDS drugs with discounts as much as 90% from
US retail prices.
(WSJ, 10/24/00, p.A1)
2000 Oct 23, In Sri Lanka
rebels launched an attack against the navy base at Trincomalee. The
military said 24 combatants died including 18 rebels.
(WSJ, 10/24/00, p.A1)
2001 Oct 23, President Bush
announced he had authorized money for improved post office security
following the deaths of two postal workers from inhalation anthrax.
2001 Oct 23, Traces of anthrax
were found at an off-site facility that handled mail for the White
(SFC, 10/24/01, p.A1)
2001 Oct 23, A relieved NASA
team celebrated as the 2001 Mars Odyssey slipped into orbit around
the Red Planet, two years after back-to-back failures by Mars
missions. The $297 million Mars Odyssey spacecraft entered into a
stable orbit following a 6-month voyage.
(SFC, 10/23/01, p.A13)(SFC, 10/24/01, p.C4)(AP,
2001 Oct 23, US bombs in Kabul,
Afghanistan, reportedly killed 22 Harkat ul-Mujahedeen fighters from
(SFC, 10/25/01, p.A3)
2001 Oct 23, John Ashcroft, US
Attorney Gen’l., said 3 men wanted by German authorities, Said
Bahaji, Ramzi Binalshibh and Zakariya Essabar, were part of a
terrorist cell in Hamburg that included 3 men from the Sep 11 attack
on the WTC.
(SFC, 10/24/01, p.A13)
2001 Oct 23, US military
officers were sent to the Philippines to assess how the US might
help the local war against terrorism.
(SFC, 10/24/01, p.A13)
2001 Oct 23, David B. Duncan of
Anderson Accounting called a meeting to organize the destruction of
Enron-related records. Duncan was fired in 2002.
(SFC, 1/16/02, p.A12)
2001 Oct 23, The MacArthur
Foundation announced 23 "genius" award winners. Each would receive
$100,000 over the next 5 years.
(SFC, 10/24/01, p.A15)
2001 Oct 23, African leaders
gathered in Nigeria for the formal launch of the New Africa
Initiative, aimed at reviving ailing their economies.
(WSJ, 10/23/01, p.A1)
2001 Oct 23, Israel rejected a
request by Pres. Bush to withdraw from Palestinian territory as the
(SFC, 10/24/01, p.C3)
2001 Oct 23, The Irish
Republican Army (IRA) began to destroy its arsenal of weapons in a
move to save the Northern Ireland peace process.
(SFC, 10/24/01, p.C3)(AP, 10/23/02)
2001 Oct 23, In the Philippines
6 suspected Muslim rebels surrendered and 3 were captured.
(SFC, 10/25/01, p.C2)
2002 Oct 23, The San Francisco
Giants edged the Anaheim Angels, 4-3, to tie the World Series at two
2002 Oct 23, Pres. Bush signed
a $355.5 billion military budget, a $34 billion increase over fiscal
(SFC, 10/24/02, p.A3)
2002 Oct 23, Pres. Bush signed
the Russian Democracy Act of 2002, intended to strengthen civil
society and independent media in Russia. It authorized more than $50
million for democracy-building programs such as investigative
journalism training and cultural exchanges.
2002 Oct 23, Allied planes
bombed two military air defense sites in the southern no-fly zone
over Iraq in the third round of strikes in a week.
2002 Oct 23, Adolph Green
(b.1914), lyricist, died. His work with Betty Comden included the
screenplay for "Singin' in the Rain."
(SFC, 10/25/02, p.A4)
2002 Oct 23, Lady Antonia
Fraser (96), the Countess of Longford, a historian who wrote
biographies of Queen Victoria and the Duke of Wellington, died. She
was born as Elizabeth Harman and wrote under the name Elizabeth
(AP, 10/23/02)(SFC, 10/28/02, p.A17)
2002 Oct 23, In China rescuers
fought to save 29 miners trapped underground after a coal mine
explosion in the northern province of Shanxi killed 21. China's
death toll from mining accidents up to July this year was 3,620, up
4.8 percent from a year earlier
(AP, 10/25/02)(Reuters, 10/26/02)
2002 Oct 23, In Moscow 40-50
Chechen separatist guerrillas seized a theater and threatened to
shoot or blow up 700 hostages unless Russia pulled its troops out of
their homeland. The next day they killed one woman.
(AP, 10/24/02)(SFC, 10/24/02, p.A1)
2002 Oct 23, The European
Parliament's Conference of Presidents announced that it chose
Oswaldo Paya of Cuba for the prestigious 2002 Sakharov Prize for
Freedom of Thought.
2002 Oct 23, The Nigerian
government said it rejects a World Court ruling that granted
possession of a disputed oil-rich peninsula to neighboring Cameroon.
2002 Oct 23, Turkey's chief
prosecutor moved to outlaw the Justice and Development Party for
ignoring court order that Erdogan step down as leader. The moderate
Islamic party, led by Recep Tayyip Erdogan, was also Turkey's most
(SFC, 10/24/02, p.A11)(AP, 11/4/02)
2003 Oct 23, Pres. Bush, was
heckled inside and outside Australia's Parliament. He said that the
war in Iraq was right and inevitable, but that Americans and
Australians "still have decisive days ahead" and that the broader
war on terror could be long and drawn out.
2003 Oct 23, President Bush
concluded his Pacific trip with a visit to Hawaii, where he dropped
flowers into the water at the sunken battleship USS Arizona.
2003 Oct 23, Bill Clinton
announced that his AIDS foundation clinched a deal to cut drug
prices and improve care in poor nations.
(WSJ, 10/23/03, p.A1)
2003 Oct 23, In Santa Clara,
California, 7-Eleven owner Narinder Badwal learned that he had sold
the winning California Lottery and was entitled to a $250,000
commission. He then learned that he had sold the winning ticket
worth $49,747,500 to himself.
(SFC, 10/28/03, p.A15)
2003 Oct 23, Madame Chiang
Kai-shek (105), who became one of the world's most famous women as
she helped her husband fight the Japanese during World War II and
later the Chinese Communists, died in NYC.
2003 Oct 23, In northern Afghan
attackers fired rockets at a pickup truck ferrying passengers,
killing 10 people, including two children.
2003 Oct 23, Chinese officials
reported that accidents in China's mines and factories killed 11,449
people in the first nine months of this year despite a nationwide
2003 Oct 23, A bomb exploded
near a pipeline in northern Iraq, killing two Iraqi Civil Defense
Corps members and wounding 10 others.
2003 Oct 23, A 3-day dominos
tournament began at the Ocho Rios resort in Jamaica.
(SFC, 10/24/03, p.D3)
2003 Oct 23, Japan refused to
grant citizenship to a Japanese couple's twins because they were
born to an American surrogate mother in California.
(WSJ, 10/24/03, p.A1)
2003 Oct 23, Masked Palestinian
gunmen killed two men suspected of being informers for Israel, then
displayed their bodies in the central square of the Tulkarem refugee
2003 Oct 23, Venezuelan troops
and police killed 7 heavily armed gunmen during a raid on a drug
trafficking ring in northeast Venezuela.
2004 Oct 23, The Boston Red Sox
took Game 1 of the World Series, defeating the St. Louis Cardinals
2004 Oct 23, Robert Merrill
(87), NY Metropolitan Opera star, died in NYC.
(SFC, 10/26/04, p.A2)
2004 Oct 23, A purported
Taliban militant set off grenades strapped to his body on a bustling
Kabul street, killing Jamie Michalsky (23), an American woman, and
an Afghan girl.
(AP, 10/24/04)(SSFC, 10/24/04, p.A3)
2004 Oct 23, The U.S. military
arrested a "senior leader" in the network run by Jordanian terror
mastermind Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, along with five others during
overnight raids in the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.
2004 Oct 23, A suicide car
bomber set off an explosion at a police station near Khan
al-Baghdadi in western Iraq, killing at least 16 policemen and
wounding 40 other people. A 2nd car bomb killed 4 Iraqi guardsmen at
Ishaqi near Samarra. 2 foreign truck drivers were fatally shot in
(SSFC, 10/24/04, p.A3)
2004 Oct 23, Some 50 unarmed
Iraqi soldiers were killed in eastern Iraq as they headed home on
leave after basic training. Many were shot execution style with
gunshots to the back of the head.
2004 Oct 23, Gunmen opened fire
on a convoy of Turkish trucks in Mosul, killing two Turkish drivers
and wounding two others.
2004 Oct 23, Several
earthquakes, the largest measuring 6.8, hit northwestern Japan,
toppling homes, causing blackouts, cutting water and gas and
derailing a bullet train. 40 people were killed and as many as 1,900
(SFC, 10/28/04, p.A12)(Econ, 10/30/04, p.50)(AP,
2004 Oct 23, Kosovo's Serb
minority largely boycotted general elections, dealing a blow to
international efforts to create multiethnic harmony in the province.
About 1.3 million voters in Kosovo and some 108,000 Kosovo Serbs
living in Serbia after fleeing the conflict were eligible to elect
representatives to a 120-seat assembly, which will choose a
president and a government that holds limited authority. 10 assembly
seats are reserved for the Serb minority.
2004 Oct 23, The bullet-riddled
body of a Palestinian was found near a trash bin on a Gaza City.
Hamas said it killed the man on suspicion he passed along
information that helped Israel assassinate the group's founder and
2004 Oct 23, Tunisia’s Pres.
Ben Ali (68) won elections with 94.5% of the vote.
(WSJ, 10/26/04, p.A1)(Econ, 10/23/04, p.46)
2004 Oct 23, In Ukraine tens of
thousands of people supporting opposition presidential candidate
Viktor Yushchenko rallied in Kiev demanding that next week's
presidential election be free and fair.
2005 Oct 23, The Chicago White
Sox took a 2-0 lead in the World Series as they beat the Houston
2005 Oct 23, In SF the 2nd
Annual Nike Women’s Marathon over 15,000 runners raised $14 million
to benefit the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society.
(SFC, 10/24/05, p.B3)
2005 Oct 23, An earthquake
destroyed homes and killed five people near Afghanistan's eastern
border with Pakistan.
2005 Oct 23, Argentina's ruling
party dominated midterm elections seen as a test of President Nestor
Kirchner's two-year-old government, with his Peronist party picking
up support in Congress and his wife winning a Senate seat. Christina
Fernandez de Kirchner won 46% to 20% over Hilda Gonzalez de Duhalde
to represent the province of Buenos Aires.
(AP, 10/24/05)(Econ, 10/29/05, p.37)
2005 Oct 23, Brazilians struck
down a proposal to ban the sale of guns in a national referendum,
rejecting a bid to stem one of the world's highest firearm murder
rates. Gun violence took the lives of about 39,000 people in Brazil
each year, more than any country in the world.
2005 Oct 23, In southern China
an explosion at a coal mine killed 15 miners and injured 3.
2005 Oct 23, In Colombia
suspected rebels launched homemade bombs at a police station and
nearby homes in a southwest town near the border with Ecuador,
killing 7 people.
2005 Oct 23, A suicide bombing
in a Baghdad square killed 4 people. Another suicide car bomber
killed 2 civilians in Kirkuk. In Tikrit a bomb killed a police
colonel and his 2 sons. 2 girls (7 and 9) in a nearby car were also
killed in the explosion. Drive-by shootings around Baquba killed 5
people. Gunmen killed 3 Iraqis driving a water truck to an army base
near Taji. Insurgents killed the head of a Shiite anti-Saddam
Hussein group and his driver outside Amara.
(SFC, 10/24/05, p.A3)
2005 Oct 23, Militant
Palestinians fought members of a Lebanese leftist party in a gun
battle that left one man dead and three wounded outside a refugee
2005 Oct 23, Mexico's ruling
party chose Felipe Calderon, the nation's former energy secretary,
as its candidate for presidential elections next July.
2005 Oct 23, Hurricane Wilma
drifted northward away from Mexico’s Yucatan peninsula where the
storm left 8 people dead. In 2006 insurers put the damage from Wilma
at $3 billion, the largest insured losses in Mexican history.
(AP, 10/23/05)(Econ, 10/29/05, p.38)(AP,
2005 Oct 23, Stella Obasanjo
(59), the wife of Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo, died after
undergoing liposuction surgery in Spain. In 2009 A court in Malaga
convicted plastic surgeon Antonio Mena Molina of negligent homicide.
He was given a suspended sentence of a year in jail, barred from
practicing medicine for three years, and ordered to pay euro120,000
($175,000) in damages to the woman's son.
(AP, 10/23/05)(AP, 9/22/09)
2005 Oct 23, Poles voted for a
new president in an election that opinion polls showed to be a
close-fought battle between Donald Tusk and his vision of a liberal,
free-market Poland, and Lech Kaczynski who favors state intervention
and Catholic conservatism. Warsaw's conservative Mayor Lech
Kaczynski won Poland's presidential runoff vote 54%-46%.
(AP, 10/23/05)(Econ, 10/29/05, p.52)
2005 Oct 23, Taiwan said it is
ready to produce its own Tamiflu, the antiviral avian flu drug, and
will not let patent talks with Swiss drug maker Roche AG stand in
2005 Oct 23, Pope Benedict XVI
named five new saints at the close of a 3-week Synod of Bishops.
They included: Rev. Alberto Hurtado Cruchaga, a Chilean Jesuit who
was known for his work with the poor as well as the young; from
Ukraine Josef Bilczewski, archbishop of Lviv, who was greatly
admired by Catholics, Orthodox Christians and Jews alike during
World War and the Rev. Zygmunt Gorazdowski, who founded the
Congregation for the Sisters of St. Joseph to care for the sick and
poor; and Italians Felice da Nicosia, a lay Capuchin who lived in
the 1700s, and the Rev. Gaetano Cantanoso, who founded the Veronican
Sisters of the Holy Face in 1934.
2006 Oct 23, In Texas a
district judge sentenced Jeffrey Skilling (52), former chief
executive of Enron Corp., to over 24 years in prison for his role in
the financial fraud that destroyed Enron. He was also ordered
Skilling to pay $45 million in restitution to Enron investors.
(SFC, 10/23/06, p.D1)
2006 Oct 23, Ford Motor Co.
posted a 3rd quarter loss of $5.8 billion.
(WSJ, 10/24/06, p.A3)
2006 Oct 23, Tod Skinner
(b.1958), American free climber, died in a fall at Yosemite National
Park after his harness broke.
2006 Oct 23, An Afghan girl was
killed and two wounded when a mortar test-fired by NATO troops fell
short of its target and hit a home in eastern Kunar province.
2006 Oct 23, An Australian
scientist said Global warming will force changes to Australia's
A$4.8 billion ($3.6 billion) wine export industry, threatening the
very existence of some varieties as temperatures rise.
2006 Oct 23, In central
Bangladesh a ferry packed with dozens of people going home for an
Islamic festival capsized in a river after hitting a cargo boat,
killing at least 15 people.
2006 Oct 23, In southeastern
Chad armed men attacked Am Timan, 24 hours after briefly seizing the
town of Goz Beida near the Sudan border. The insurgents, calling
themselves the Union of Forces for Democracy and Development (UFDD),
the latest in a string of titles grouping various rebel factions,
have said they want polls to end the "catastrophic" rule of
President Idriss Deby.
2006 Oct 23, In Hungary riots
left 167 injured, including 17 police officers, while 131 were
detained. The anti-government demonstrations coincided with
Hungary's commemoration of the 50th anniversary of its uprising
against Soviet rule. The next day Viktor Orban, Hungarian
conservative opposition leader, came under withering attack for his
role in fueling the far-right protests in Budapest.
(AFP, 10/24/06)(AP, 10/23/07)
2006 Oct 23, Iraqi PM Nouri
al-Maliki ordered security forces to crack down on unlawful acts by
armed factions. A bombing in Baghdad killed 3 Iraqis. 52 bodies were
found across Baghdad. Ahmed Qusai al-Taayie, a 41-year-old reserve
soldier from Ann Arbor, Mich., went missing and was believed
kidnapped in Baghdad. On Feb 22, 2012, the remains of Ahmed al-Taie
were turned over to Iraqi authorities.
(AP, 10/24/06)(SFC, 10/24/06, p.A5)(AP,
2006 Oct 23, Israeli troops
shot and killed seven Palestinians, including a militant who led a
2006 Oct 23, The military
regime in Myanmar ordered the International Red Cross to close five
key field offices in the country.
2006 Oct 23, In Panama
mechanical problems triggered a fire that raced through a bus in
Panama City, killing at least 18 people, injuring 25.
2006 Oct 23, Portuguese bank
BPI said it will open 30 new branches in fast-growing Angola next
year, bringing its total number of outlets in the oil-rich
southwestern African nation to 100 by the end of 2007.
2006 Oct 23, In Uruguay
thousands of taxi and truck drivers went on strike to demand lower
fuel prices in a challenge to the center-left government. The strike
ended later in the day.
2006 Oct 23, A WTO draft report
said Vietnam has succeeded in introducing the reforms necessary for
it to join the World Trade Organization and become the world body's
2007 Oct 23,
Thousands more residents were ordered to evacuate their homes,
bringing the number of people chased away by the wind-whipped flames
that have engulfed Southern California to at least 300,000. At least
700 homes were already destroyed. President Bush declared a federal
emergency for seven counties.
(AP, 10/23/07)(AP, 10/23/08)
2007 Oct 23,
The US space shuttle Discovery launched from Cape Canaveral
with a 7-person crew for a 14-day mission to the int’l. space
(SFC, 10/24/07, p.A9)
2007 Oct 23, In Afghanistan a
child and 5 militants were killed in Zabul province after militants
fired on coalition soldiers from a tent.
(AP, 10/23/07)(AP, 10/24/07)
2007 Oct 23,
Fernando de la Rua, Argentina’s former president (1999-2001),
was charged with manslaughter in connection with bloody street riots
(WSJ, 10/24/07, p.A1)
2007 Oct 23, It was reported
that police patrolling the red-light district of the Belgian capital
have been ordered to stop visiting brothels and drinking in bars
when on duty.
2007 Oct 23,
In London a Quran written in 1203, believed to be the oldest
known complete copy, sold for more than $2.3 million at an auction.
A nearly complete, 10th-century Kufic Quran, thought to be from
North Africa or the near East, sold $1,870,000.
2007 Oct 23,
The Canadian dollar roared to a 33-year high against the US
dollar after domestic retail sales data for August beat
2007 Oct 23,
French lawmakers adopted a hotly contested bill that would
institute language exams and potential DNA testing for prospective
immigrants, making it more difficult for families to join loved ones
2007 Oct 23,
A US helicopter opened fire on a group of men as they were
planting roadside bombs in a Sunni stronghold north of Baghdad, then
chased them into a nearby house, killing 11 Iraqis, including at
least six civilians. Iraq pledged to rein in Kurdish rebels who are
launching attacks on Turkey from mountain hideouts near the border
after Ankara threatened to send forces into Iraqi territory to
confront the guerrillas.
(AP, 10/23/07)(Reuters, 10/23/07)
2007 Oct 23, Israel killed a
top Gaza militant with a missile strike on his car prompting threats
of more rocket attacks on Israeli border towns. A Palestinian
prisoner who was wounded in rioting at an Israeli desert prison
died, prompting Palestinian threats of revenge and accusations that
the man was abused by Israeli authorities.
(AP, 10/23/07)(WSJ, 10/24/07, p.A1)
2007 Oct 23,
Police broke up an Italian-Canadian mafia clan that ran drug
trafficking and money laundering operations, arresting 12 people and
seizing millions of dollars in assets. The clan was led from Canada
by Nick and Vito Rizzuto, a father and son, who were jailed for
previous crimes respectively in 2006 and 2005.
2007 Oct 23,
Lim Goh Tong (b.1918), Chinese businessman, died in Kuala
Lumpur. The casino king of Malaysia had made a fortune in gambling
casinos and a cruise fleet. His family fortune was estimated at $4.2
(AP, 10/23/07)(WSJ, 10/27/07, p.A6)
2007 Oct 23, At least 21 oil
workers were killed when a drilling rig hit an oil platform in
stormy weather, spilling gas and oil into the Gulf of Mexico. Pemex
said the workers who died included four Pemex employees, seven
employees of the subcontractor company that operated the rig, at
least one rescue boat crew member, and six others who worked for
other companies. On Dec 16 Pemex announced that the well was finally
capped. Roughly 420 barrels of oil per day had spilled from the
damaged platform since the accident.
(AP, 10/25/07)(AP, 12/16/07)
2007 Oct 23,
A bomb courier accidentally blew up a taxi in Russia's
Dagestan region, killing herself and wounding eight other people.
2007 Oct 23, First lady Laura
Bush helped launch a screening facility in Saudi Arabia as part of a
U.S.-Saudi initiative to raise breast cancer awareness in the
kingdom where doctors struggle to break long-held taboos about the
2007 Oct 23,
Mohammed Atif Siddique (21), a British-born Muslim student,
described at his trial as a "wannabe suicide bomber," was jailed in
Scotland for 8 years after being convicted of promoting Islamist
extremism on the Internet. On Feb 9, 2010, his conviction was
overturned after a court in Scotland ruled that the trial judge did
not properly instruct the jury.
(AFP, 10/23/07)(AP, 2/9/10)
2007 Oct 23,
A new Bin Laden tape called for foreign forces to be driven
from Darfur. The Justice and Equality Movement, one of the leading
Darfur rebel groups, attacked the Defra oil field in Sudan’s
Kordofan region and abducted 2 foreign workers. A rebel chief gave a
one-week ultimatum for foreign oil companies to cease operating in
(SFC, 10/24/07, p.A3)(AP, 10/25/07)
2007 Oct 23,
Turkey's foreign minister rejected any cease-fire by Kurdish
rebels as he met with Iraqi leaders in Baghdad to press them to
crack down on the guerrillas. Turkish forces massed on the border
and tensions rose over a threatened military incursion.
2007 Oct 23,
In Uzbekistan Karim Bozorboyev, leader of the Esguliq rights
group in the central city of Syrdarya, was arrested and charged with
fraud. Bozorboyev joined the group in 2004, after he left
Fidokorlar, a government-affiliated political party, saying he was
disgusted by the amount of corruption among Uzbek officials.
2007 Oct 23,
In Venezuela thousands of university students scuffled with
police and government supporters during a protest against
constitutional reforms that would let President Hugo Chavez run for
2008 Oct 23, Former Federal
Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan said the current financial crisis is
a "once-in-a-century credit tsunami" which will have a severe impact
on the US economy, driving unemployment higher. Greenspan also said
he was "shocked" at the breakdown in US credit markets and that he
was "partially" wrong to resist regulation of some securities.
(AP, 10/23/08)(Reuters, 10/23/08)
2008 Oct 23, Secretary of State
Condoleezza Rice said the US is suspending a trade deal with
Bolivia. She called it unfortunate but necessary because Bolivian
President Evo Morales has failed to improve anti-drug efforts.
2008 Oct 23, NYC Mayor
Bloomberg persuaded the city council, in a 29-22 vote, to amend the
term limit law allowing him to run for re-election next year.
(SFC, 10/24/08, p.A4)
2008 Oct 23, In California a
new solar thermal power plant, built by startup Ausra, opened north
of Bakersfield. It will generate as much as 5 megawatts, enough for
3,750 homes. Ausra and other companies planned bigger plants in the
(SFC, 10/24/08, p.C1)
2008 Oct 23, In Afghanistan a
US coalition raid in Paktika province killed three insurgents and
detained four others. Three Turks were kidnapped in Khost province.
In southern Helmand province armed assailants attacked a man and
gouged out his eyes in front of his family during a gruesome
(AP, 10/24/08)(AP, 10/25/08)(AP, 10/26/08)
2008 Oct 23, England Schools
Minister Jim Knight said millions of children in England aged from
five to 16 in state-funded schools will receive compulsory lessons
about subjects including sex and drug use.
2008 Oct 23, Canada’s Finance
Minister Jim Flaherty said the government would guarantee borrowing
by the nation's banks to ease a lending crunch and keep them on
equal footing with foreign competitors. The Bank of Canada said the
global financial crisis, a US recession and falling commodity prices
will bring Canada to the brink of a recession in late 2008 and early
2008 Oct 23, Rebel attacks
using land mines in Chechnya killed one Russian soldier and wounded
10 other servicemen and police.
2008 Oct 23, China arrested six
people for their alleged role in supplying contaminated milk to the
country's dairy companies, as the Health Ministry said more than
3,600 Chinese children remain hospitalized after consuming
compromised products. Scores of villagers in a remote timber region
ransacked the offices of a forestry company and fought with security
guards, accusing the company of paying too little for use of their
(AP, 10/23/08)(AP, 10/27/08)
2008 Oct 23, China and
Singapore signed a free trade agreement on the eve of a summit of
European and Asian leaders in Beijing. Held every two years, ASEM
has no mandate to issue decisions, but participants hope it will
produce some degree of consensus ahead of a Nov. 15 meeting of the
world's top economies in Washington to discuss the worst financial
crisis since the 1930s.
(AP, 10/23/08)(WSJ, 10/24/08, p.A13)
2008 Oct 23, Colombia's
director of domestic intelligence resigned after her agency was
caught spying on a prominent political opponent of President Alvaro
Uribe. At least six small explosive devices left in trash cans
detonated in Bogota, wounding 18 people and frightening residents.
2008 Oct 23, In Croatia Ivo
Pukanic (47), who owned and edited Nacional, an influential
publication known for its investigative journalism and Nacional's
marketing director, Niko Franjic, died when an explosive device was
placed near their car in the capital, Zagreb. On Oct 31 Croatian
police filed murder charges against five people over the bombing
deaths. In 2010 six alleged members of a crime gang were convicted
of conspiring to assassinate Pukanic and a fellow worker. Main
suspect Zeljko Milovanovic, who was tried in absentia, was sentenced
to the maximum 40 years in prison. He was being held in neighboring
Serbia and tried on similar charges. 5 other defendants were
sentenced to 15 to 33 years in prison.
(AP, 10/24/08)(AP, 10/31/08)(AP, 11/3/10)
2008 Oct 23, Cuba and the
European Union ended a five-year standoff by signing an agreement
that calls for EU members to send the island euro2 million (US$2.6
million) in immediate hurricane recovery aid and up to euro30
million (US$38.8 million) more in financing next year.
2008 Oct 23, The European
Parliament awarded a prestigious rights prize to jailed Chinese
dissident Hu Jia on the eve of a key Beijing summit and despite
pressure from Beijing not to honor him.
2008 Oct 23, A European Union
court has ruled that EU governments should no longer freeze the
funds of People's Mujahedeen Organization of Iran, an Iranian
opposition group on the bloc's terror blacklist. A British court
ruled in its favor last year.
2008 Oct 23, France’s Pres.
Sarkozy unveiled a strategic national investment fund that will buy
stakes in French industries with borrowed money to protect them from
(Econ, 11/1/08, p.62)
2008 Oct 23, A Paris criminal
court convicted nine people including a French-Algerian former
prison inmate who admitted establishing an Islamic group that called
for armed jihad in France.
2008 Oct 23, The French Navy
captured nine pirates near the Gulf of Aden finding anti-tank
missiles, other weapons and ship boarding gear on the boats. A
Somali pirate warned that if a hijacked Ukrainian arms ship was
attacked the ship's 20-man crew would be killed.
2008 Oct 23, A Greek minister
resigned after being accused of involvement in a burgeoning scandal
involving a state land swap with a powerful Orthodox monastery that
has undermined the government's popularity. Minister of State
Theodoros Roussopoulos, who is also the government spokesman, said
he was stepping down in order to defend himself against a "malicious
and totally groundless attack."
2008 Oct 23, A huge explosion
at an illegal fireworks factory in western India killed 27 people,
including 12 children.
2008 Oct 23, The US
relinquished control of a southern province that includes Sunni
areas once known as the "triangle of death," handing security
responsibility to the Iraqi government. Babil was the 12th of 18
Iraqi provinces to be placed under Iraqi control. In Baghdad Iraq's
labor minister escaped assassination when a suicide bomber rammed an
explosives-laden SUV into his convoy, killing at least nine people.
2008 Oct 23, An Italian
military helicopter crashed in northeastern France, killing all
eight people on board.
2008 Oct 23, In Mexico 2 people
were found dead in Tijuana, across the border from San Diego,
California, including a badly burned corpse left in a trash bin.
2008 Oct 23, Nigeria's Supreme
Court deferred ruling on challenges to President Umaru Yar'Adua's
April 2007 election victory but did not set a date for handing down
its final judgment. Nigerian troops killed two militants in a river
clash with insurgents in the volatile oil-rich Niger Delta. 2 AK 47
rifles and ammunitions were recovered from the militants.
(Reuters, 10/23/08)(AFP, 10/24/08)
2008 Oct 23, In Pakistan
suspected US spy drones fired missiles into a school set up by a top
Taliban commander in a tribal area bordering Afghanistan, killing 11
people. Residents said that all of the victims were local tribesmen,
adding that locals had fired at two suspected US drones hovering
2008 Oct 23, Mohammed Albaden,
a Palestinian assailant, stabbed two Israelis in an east Jerusalem
neighborhood, killing an 86-year-old man and wounding a police
officer in what authorities called a "terror incident."
2008 Oct 23, In Romania vandals
rampaged through a sprawling Jewish cemetery in Bucharest, toppling
tombstones and smashing markers for as many as 200 graves.
2008 Oct 23, Russia, which sent
a warship to Somalia's coast to combat pirates, asked the African
nation for carte blanche to use force in its territorial waters.
2008 Oct 23, South Africa’s
National Assembly approved new legislation to disband the Scorpions
investigating unit and incorporate it into the police force.
2008 Oct 23, The Ukrainian
currency plunged against the dollar as people raced to exchange
booths to convert their savings into US currency. Ukraine's Foreign
Ministry said in a statement that the Russia’s desire to extend its
port lease at Sevastopol "cannot be a subject of discussion." It
said that Russian ships will have to leave Ukrainian waters in 2017.
2008 Oct 23, In southern Yemen
a tropical storm, formed out in the Indian Ocean earlier in the
week, hit the remote Hadramut province. Flooding which followed left
at least 90 people dead and some 20,000 displaced.
(AP, 10/25/08)(SSFC, 10/26/08, p.A18)(AP,
2009 Oct 23, President Barack
Obama signed a declaration making the swine flu outbreak a national
emergency, giving his health chief the power to let hospitals move
emergency rooms offsite to speed treatment and protect noninfected
2009 Oct 23, Top US safety
officials met with their Chinese counterparts to discuss complaints
from American homeowners of illness and other damage from suspect
drywall imported from China. Consumer Products Safety Commission
Chairman Inez Tenenbaum said that the two sides were talking about
the issue while they await results of tests on what is causing the
2009 Oct 23, US regulators shut
down 3 small banks in Florida and one each in Georgia, Illinois,
Minnesota and Wisconsin bringing the total for the year of failed US
banks to 106.
(SFC, 10/24/09, p.A6)
2009 Oct 23, Anthony Pellicano
and associate Alexander Proctor pleaded no contest to threatening LA
Times reporter Anita Busch, who was putting together a story on
actor Steven Seagal’s possible connections to organized crime.
Pellicano, a former Hollywood private eye, was already serving a 15
year sentence for digging up dirt public figures.
(SFC, 10/24/09, p.A8)
2009 Oct 23, In Richmond, Ca.,
a girl (16) left a homecoming dance at Richmond High gym and joined
a group of men drinking in a nearby alley. She became drunk and was
raped and robbed by as many as 10 young men. Police found her
semi-conscious near a lunch table and arrested one suspect fleeing
the scene. 2 more suspects, aged 15 and 21, were arrested on Oct 27.
On Oct 28 three juveniles were arrested in connection to the crime
and charged as adults. A 6th suspect was arrested on Oct 29. On Jan
19 John Crane Jr. (43) turned himself in for participating in the
rape. In 2010 Cody Smith, the youngest of 7 defendants was released,
because his Miranda rights had been violated. In 2011 the West
Contra Costa Unified School District settled a civil suit and agreed
to pay the victim $4 million. On Sep 6, 2012, Manuel Ortega (22)
pleaded guilty as was expected to receive 32 years behind bars. On
Aug 15, 2013, Jose Montano (22) was sentenced to 33 years to life;
Marcelles Peter (20) was sentenced to 29 years to life.
(SFC, 10/27/09, p.C6)(SFC, 10/28/09, p.A10)(SFC,
10/29/09, p.A1)(SFC, 10/30/09, p.A1)(SFC, 1/22/10, p.C9)(SFC,
12/22/10, p.C2)(SSFC, 1/23/11, p.C3)(SFC, 9/7/12, p.A20)(SFC,
2009 Oct 23, In Colorado Miguel
Angel Caro Quintero (46), a Mexican drug kingpin, pleaded guilty in
Denver to federal drug and racketeering charges. He had led the
Sonora Cartel in the 1980s and faced up to 20 years in prison.
(SFC, 10/24/09, p.A5)
2009 Oct 23, In Missouri police
found the body of Elizabeth Olton (9). She had gone missing 2 days
earlier. A 15-year-old, who led police to her body, was charged with
(SSFC, 10/25/09, p.A8)
2009 Oct 23, In New Jersey Rev.
Ed Hinds (61), a Catholic priest, was found stabbed 32 times at the
rectory of St. Patrick’s Church in Chatham. The next day Jose
Feliciano (64), a janitor, was charged with the slaying. The priest
had fired him after discovering an outstanding arrest warrant for
sexually touching a child. In 2012 Feliciano was sentenced to life
(SFC, 10/24/09, p.A5)(SSFC, 10/25/09, p.A8)(SFC,
2009 Oct 23, African leaders,
meeting in Uganda, ratified a convention on the protection of the
continent's internally-displaced people, refugees and returnees,
billed as the first of its kind worldwide.
2009 Oct 23, In southern
Afghanistan 2 US soldiers were killed by a home-made bomb. A Danish
soldier lost his life in clashes with Taliban-led insurgents in the
2009 Oct 23, Australia approved
Yanzhou Coal's 3.2 billion US dollar takeover of miner Felix
Resources, its biggest by a Chinese firm, in a breakthrough for the
Asian giant's scramble for commodities.
2009 Oct 23, British far-right
leader Nick Griffin accused the BBC of mounting a "lynch mob" on him
in a charged appearance on a TV political panel show, and called for
it to be re-recorded.
2009 Oct 23, British couple
Paul and Rachel Chandler were heading from the Seychelles to
Tanzania in their yacht, the Lynn Rival, when the distress signal
was sent. Reports followed that the couple were seized by pirates.
The couple were taken to the Somali pirate lair of Harardhere and $7
million was later demanded for their release. The Chandlers were
released on Nov 14, 2010, after a ransom of at least 750,000 dollars
(AP, 10/27/09)(AFP, 10/29/09)(AP, 10/31/09)(AFP,
2009 Oct 23, In Canada a judge
in Winnipeg acquitted Kyle Unger (38) of the 1990 murder of Brigitte
Grenier (16). DNA tests in 2005 showed that hair on the victim came
from somebody else. Unger had spent 13 years in jail before he was
granted bail in 2005.
(SFC, 10/24/09, p.A2)
2009 Oct 23, Chinese state
media reported that police have arrested 42 alleged members of a
trafficking ring that sold dozens of infants stolen or bought from
their rural parents.
2009 Oct 23, The Czech Republic
and NATO said that they backed a reworked US missile defense plan
meant to defend against threats from Iran and other nations.
2009 Oct 23, In France Jean
Sarkozy (23), President Nicolas Sarkozy's son, was elected to the
board of the organization that runs France's most important business
district after a dramatic withdrawal of his bid for the top spot
amid fierce accusations of favoritism. He had been the leading
candidate to head EPAD, a quasi-governmental organization overseeing
real estate and the administration of La Defense, the neighborhood
of skyscrapers west of Paris that is home to top companies and the
workplace of 150,000 people.
2009 Oct 23, In Honduras a
negotiator for ousted leftist President Manuel Zelaya said the
latest round of talks to resolve the dispute over the June 28 coup
has ended in failure, adding that further talks were unlikely.
Escaped inmates in Santa Barbara set fire to a prison, a public
market and a cultural center before authorities stopped the riot and
captured 76 of the 79 fugitives.
2009 Oct 23, A Kenyan court
released gang leader, Maina Njenga, after prosecutors dropped 28
murder charges against him. He had been in prison since 2006. His
Mungiki gang was notorious for beheading its victims.
2009 Oct 23, In northwest
Pakistan a suicide bomber killed 8 people in Kamra, near the
Pakistan Aeronautical Complex. An anti-tank mine killed 16 wedding
guests in the tribal belt. Most of the dead were women and children.
A car bomb exploded outside a restaurant in the northwestern city of
Peshawar, wounding 15.
(AP, 10/23/09)(AFP, 10/23/09)
2009 Oct 23, In Puerto Rico an
earthshaking explosion at the Caribbean Petroleum Corp. in the
suburb of Bayamon, just west of the capital of San Juan, led to the
evacuation of more than 1,500 people. Authorities wee concerned
about those downwind of the fire.
2009 Oct 23, Somali Islamist
rebels threatened to attack the capitals of Burundi and Uganda, the
two central African countries that have deployed peacekeeping troops
to prop up Somali's transitional government.
2009 Oct 23, Swiss and US
authorities said the US has asked Switzerland to hand over Roman
Polanski to authorities in California, where he could serve up to
two years in prison for having sex in 1977 with a 13-year-old girl.
2009 Oct 23, In Thailand the
annual summit of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations began
inauspiciously when half the bloc's 10 leaders failed to show up at
the opening of the 3-day conference due to a tropical storm,
domestic politics, a VIP visit and a possible illness. ASEAN nations
inaugurated their first regional human rights commission, a watchdog
immediately derided as toothless by activists who walked out of a
meeting to protest being snubbed by five of the governments
2009 Oct 23, Bishops attending
a Vatican meeting on Africa issued a blunt ultimatum to corrupt
Catholic political leaders in Africa: repent or leave public office.
2009 Oct 23, The World Health
Organization said nearly 5,000 people have reportedly died from
swine flu since it emerged this year and developed into a global
2009 Oct 23, In Zimbabwe armed
police raided a house belonging to PM Morgan Tsvangirai's party in a
new threat to the country's faltering unity government.
2010 Oct 23, The whistleblowing
organization WikiLeaks said it will soon publish 15,000 more secret
Afghan war documents.
2010 Oct 23, The SF Giants won
a trip to the World Series. In Pennsylvania Juan Uribe hit a
tiebreaking homer off Ryan Madson with two outs in the eighth inning
and the Giants held off the Phillies 3-2 in Game 6 of the NL
championship series. This finished off the Phillies' bid to become
the first NL team in 66 years to win three straight pennants.
(AP, 10/24/10)(SSFC, 10/24/10, p.1)
2010 Oct 23, In western
Afghanistan a suicide car bomber and three armed militants wearing
explosives vests and dressed as women attacked a UN compound, but
Afghan security forces killed the attackers and no UN employees were
harmed. NATO forces killed two civilians, including a teenage boy,
during a fight with insurgents in Wardak province. In Kandahar a
suicide bomber on a motorbike blew himself up before reaching a
checkpoint, killing two civilians and wounding two others. A Danish
soldier was killed in Helmand province after insurgents attacked his
patrol. Joao Silva (44), a photographer for The New York Times, was
seriously injured when he stepped on a mine in Kandahar province.
2010 Oct 23, Bahrainis voted
for the third time since reforms which turned the Gulf state into a
constitutional monarchy, with the Shiite majority demanding an
easing of the Sunni dynasty's grip on power. The embattled
Shiite-led opposition held on to all of its parliament seats in the
elections, but fell short of the majority it hoped to win as a show
of strength against the island kingdom's Sunni rulers.
(AFP, 10/23/10)(AP, 10/24/10)
2010 Oct 23, Bangladeshi police
used rubber bullets and teargas to disperse thousands of people
protesting against plans to acquire land for army housing.
2010 Oct 23, Barbados PM David
Thompson (48) died following a struggle with pancreatic cancer.
Thompson had become PM of the Caribbean nation of 270,000 people in
2010 Oct 23, In Belgium police
and demonstrators opposed to President Joseph Kabila of the
Democratic Republic of Congo clashed in Brussels during a protest
over the Oct 1 death in jail of Armand Tungulu, a visiting Congolese
dissident who lived in Belgium.
2010 Oct 23, In the Czech
Republic opposition Social Democrats won an election for one-third
of Parliament's upper house, gaining a majority in the Senate for
the first time. Voters were selecting 27 senators for the 81-seat
Senate in the two-day balloting. The top two finishers from last
week's first round were facing runoffs.
2010 Oct 23, In Dagestan a
suicide bomber in a car tried to attack a police dormitory in the
town of Khasavyurt but an armored vehicle blocked his way. The
explosion killed the suspected militant and a police officer, and
wounded seven people. In the village of Komsomolskoye two suspected
militants were holed up in a house when police attacked, killing
both of them.
2010 Oct 23, An Egyptian court
issued a final ruling against the permanent presence of police on
university campuses, saying they restricted academic independence.
2010 Oct 23, The European
Commission warned Italy that it may face sanctions if it doesn’t
remove some 2,400 tons of trash piled up in the streets of Naples.
(SSFC, 10/24/10, p.A6)
2010 Oct 23, French unions took
their battle against extending retirement from 60 to 62 to the
courts, challenging orders to return to work the day after the
Senate backed the fiercely-contested reform.
2010 Oct 23, In Haiti 194 dead
were confirmed dead of cholera in the poor Caribbean nation's worst
health crisis since the Jan 12 quake. Authorities said more than
2,000 people were sick. Experts were investigating possible cases in
Croix-des-Bouquet, a suburb of the capital, and radio reports said
there were two dozen cases of diarrhea on Gonave island.
(AP, 10/23/10)(SFC, 10/23/10, p.A3)
2010 Oct 23, New Delhi
Commonwealth Games organizers informed Sri Lanka that boxer Manju
Wanniarachchi (30), Sri Lanka's only gold medalist at this month's
games, had tested positive for the performance-enhancing steroid
2010 Oct 23, In Indonesia a
small freighter with seven crew was reported to be going down off
Flores. Three people were apparently missing while the others
2010 Oct 23, In Ingushetia
police shot and killed two militants in a car chase. The men were
later identified as being wanted on terrorism charges. Police found
two machine guns and ammunition inside their men's car.
2010 Oct 23 ,
Iraq's PM Nouri al-Maliki accused WikiLeaks of releasing documents
that detail prisoner abuse by Iraqi security forces to sabotage his
2010 Oct 23, In Italy mafia
fugitive Gerlandino Messina (38) was nabbed by Carabinieri in
Favara, near Agrigento, his power base in Sicily. He had been on the
run for 11 years before being caught.
2010 Oct 23, In Kenya 7 fans
died in a stampede while trying to enter a stadium where a football
match between two of the country’s most popular teams in Nairobi.
2010 Oct 23, In the southern
Mexico state of Oaxaca Heriberto Pazos, the leader of a leftist
Indian group left disabled in 2001 by a previous assassination
attempt, was shot to death by gunmen riding on a motorcycle.
2010 Oct 23, Pakistani army
airstrikes killed 12 suspected insurgents in the Orakzai tribal
region near the Afghan border.
2010 Oct 23, Somali pirates
seized the MV York, a Singapore-registered liquefied gas tanker, 105
miles (165 km) off the coast of Kenya in the Somali Basin.
2010 Oct 23, In Vietnam Le
Nguyen Huong Tra, who blogged under the pen name of Do Long Girl,
was taken into police custody from a home in Ho Chi Minh City for
allegedly slandering a senior government official. Police in Ho Chi
Minh City also arrested blogger Phan Thanh Hai, known as Anhbasg,
over the weekend and continued to detain Nguyen Van Hai, a blogger
known as Dieu Cay, even though he had served out his 30-month
sentence on "trumped-up" tax evasion charges.
2011 Oct 23, Anti-Wall Street
demonstrators of the Occupy Chicago movement stood their ground in a
downtown park in noisy but peaceful defiance of police orders to
clear out, prompting 130 arrests.
2011 Oct 23, In Georgia
Christopher Michael Hodges (26), a Tennessee National Guardsman
training at the Fort Gordon military post, shot and killed sheriff's
deputy James D. Paugh (47), then committed suicide on the side of
the Bobby Jones Expressway.
2011 Oct 23, In Afghanistan
bodyguards for Interior Minister Bismullah Khan Mohammadi shot and
killed a would-be suicide bomber who was waiting for the minister's
convoy in Sayyed Khel district of Parwan province. NATO said two of
its service members were killed in the last 24 hours in separate
clashes with insurgents in the south and east of the country. 5
villagers were killed while trying to remove a roadside mine planted
by the Taliban in the western province of Herat.
2011 Oct 23, In Algeria gunmen
kidnapped three aid workers, two Spaniards and an Italian, from the
Rabuni refugee camp near Tindouf, injuring one of the hostages and a
local guard in the late night attack. Security sources in Nouakchott
and Bamako later said those responsible belonged to a Sahrawi wing
of the north African Al-Qaeda branch, Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Magreb
(AQIM). The group later demanded 30 million euros ($39 million) to
free the 3 aid workers held in northern Mali. Spaniards Enric
Gonyalons and Ainhoa Fernandez del Rincon and Italian Rossella Urru
were released on July 18, 2012, in exchange for three Islamists. The
Islamist rebel group that freed them claimed that they also received
a ransom of €15 million ($18.4 million).
(AP, 10/23/11)(AFP, 12/5/11)(AFP, 3/3/12)(AP,
2011 Oct 23, Argentina held
national elections. President Cristina Fernandez appeared to be
headed for a landslide victory over six rivals. Fernandez had 53% of
the vote after three-fourths of the polling stations reported
nationwide. Her nearest challenger got just 17%.
2011 Oct 23, In Brazil five
employees of the government's Indian affairs agency and two workers
for an electric company were released in good condition. They had
been held for five days in the Amazon community of Kururuzinho. The
Kaiabi opposed the construction of a dam and demand speedier
official recognition of their land in Mato Grosso state.
2011 Oct 23, Bulgaria held
elections. Rosen Plevneliev, the candidate of the ruling
center-right GERB party, was favored to win in the presidential
elections that tested the government's popularity and the EU
nation's ability to overcome concerns about vote-buying and
corruption. Plevneliev finished first with 40.11%, and Ivailo Kalfin
of the opposition Socialist Party second with 28.96%. A run-off was
set for Oct 30. The winner will replace incumbent Georgi Parvanov,
who was barred by law from seeking a third term in office.
(AP, 10/23/11)(AP, 10/27/11)
2011 Oct 23, Germany’s retired
research ROSAT satellite crashed into Earth at 0150 GMT somewhere in
the Bay of Bengal between India and Myanmar.
2011 Oct 23, In Hong Kong more
than 1000 protesters, including pregnant women, marched to oppose
the growing number of mainland Chinese women coming to the city to
give birth. Women from mainland China are keen to have babies in
Hong Kong because it entitles their child to rights of abode and
2011 Oct 23, Kenya warplanes
targeted the Shebab-held Somali port city of Kismayo as troops
advanced on the insurgents. The US warned of an imminent threat of
attack on foreigners in Kenya.
2011 Oct 23, Libya’s National
Transitional Council (NTC) declared liberation in the wake of
Kadhafi's capture and death. It said the new Libya will be governed
in line with Islamic sharia law, but stressed it would remain a
"moderate" Muslim country.
2011 Oct 23, In Malaysia
Italian rider Marco Simoncelli (24) died after crashing and being
hit by two other riders at the Sepang MotoGP motorcycle race. This
raised the number of recorded deaths in MotoGP to 47 since it was
founded in 1949.
2011 Oct 23, The Mexico army
arrested 10 people and confiscated 10 cars or SUVs that were being
bulletproofed for drug gangs, as well as six other vehicles in a
warehouse in the northern state of Sinaloa.
2011 Oct 23, In Mexico two
Americans died in the crash of a small plane in the city of Angela
R. Cabada, Veracruz state.
2011 Oct 23, In central
Pakistan Mohammad Afzal (19) shot dead his parents and six siblings
because his father, a poor donkey cart owner, could not feed the
2011 Oct 23, In Somalia a
suicide bomber blew himself up in Mogadishu, wounding two AU
2011 Oct 23, In South Africa
Kirsty Theologo (18) was doused in petrol and burned alive by her
friends in a Johannesburg park, in what police suspect was a satanic
ritual. Two men aged 19 and 21 who took part in the incident turned
themselves in. Theologo suffered burns over three quarters of her
body, damaging her lungs and throat, and remained in a coma.
Theologo died on Oct 28. A 2nd girl (16) survived her burns.
(AFP, 10/24/11)(AP, 10/28/11)
2011 Oct 23, Switzerland held
national elections. Citizens were poised to hand nationalists an
unprecedented 30 percent voice, following voting dominated by
concerns about immigration, nuclear power and the economy.
2011 Oct 23, Syrian security
forces moved into villages where residents have been on strike and
shot 2 people dead in the village of Qalaat al-Madeeq, Hama
province. Pres. Assad named Yasser al-Shoufi, a former police
general, as governor of the northwestern province of Idlib.
2011 Oct 23, In southern
Thailand at least seven people were killed in back-to-back shooting
and bomb attacks in a town in Narathiwat province.
2011 Oct 23, Tunisia held its
first truly free elections since independence in 1956. Voters
elected a 217-seat constituent assembly that would shape their
fledgling democracy, choose a new government and write a new
constitution that would pave the way for future elections. The
moderate Islamist party Ennahda, led by Rached Ghannouchi (b.1941),
claimed the biggest block of votes. Ennahda (Renaissance), banned
for decades, emerged the official victor taking 41.47% of the vote
and 89 of 217 seats in the new assembly.
(AP, 10/23/11)(AP, 10/24/11)(AFP, 10/25/11)(AP,
2011 Oct 23, A powerful
7.2-magnitude earthquake struck eastern Turkey, collapsing about 45
buildings. It was estimated that up to 1,000 people could have been
killed. The worst damage was caused to the town of Ercis, in the
mountainous eastern province of Van where 80 multi-story buildings
collapsed with people trapped in 40 of them. By Nov 4 the death toll
reached 603 with some 2500 injured and thousands homeless.
(AP, 10/23/11)(AP, 10/24/11)(AP, 11/4/11)
2011 Oct 23, Pope Benedict XVI
named 3 new saints for the Catholic Church during a Mass in St.
Peter's Square that was disrupted by a man who climbed out onto the
upper colonnade of the square and burned a bible. Named were 3
19th-century founders of religious orders: Italian bishop and
missionary Monsignor Guido Maria Conforti, Spanish nun Sister
Bonifacia Rodriguez de Castro and Rev. Luigi Guanella an Italian
priest who worked with the poor.
2012 Oct 23, The US Immigration
and Customs Enforcement agency (ICE) said it will end its contract
with BlackBerry maker Research In Motion Ltd in favor of Apple Inc's
iPhone, dealing a new blow to RIM just months before it launches a
vital new device.
2012 Oct 23, In California
surfer Francisco Javier Solorio Jr. was killed in a shark attack off
the coast of Surf Beach in Lompoc.
(SFC, 10/24/12, p.A6)
2012 Oct 23, In NYC ex-convict
Darrell Fuller (33) was arrested in Queens after he killed a police
officer on Long Island and a motorist nearby during a carjacking.
(SFC, 10/24/12, p.A9)
2012 Oct 23, In Afghanistan an
American service member was killed in an insurgent attack in the
2012 Oct 23, Britain’s
Environment Secretary Owen Paterson said a plan to shoot thousands
of badgers to stop the spread of tuberculosis in cattle has been
delayed in the face of overwhelming public opposition to the cull.
2012 Oct 23, In China Dorje
Rinchen (58), a Tibetan farmer, set himself on fire and died on the
main street in Xiahe near the Labrang Monastery.
2012 Oct 23, Egypt's security
forces intercepted a group of smugglers bringing in weapons from
2012 Oct 23, In Iraq a series
of attacks struck Shiite neighborhoods in Baghdad early today,
killing nine people and wounding 26.
2012 Oct 23, Kuwait banned
public gatherings of more than 20 people and said police have the
power to disperse unauthorized crowds.
2012 Oct 23, Nigerian
authorities intercepted a ship and found on board several guns and
thousands of rounds of ammunition. 15 Russian sailors were soon
charged with illegally bringing weapons into the country. All
charges against the sailors were dropped in 2013.
2012 Oct 23, The emir of Qatar,
Sheik Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, received a hero's welcome in Gaza,
becoming the first head of state to visit the Palestinian territory
since the Islamist militant Hamas seized control of the coastal
strip five years ago.
2012 Oct 23, Romania's highest
court upheld the conviction of Archbishop Pimen (83) for serving as
an informant sent by the church and the Securitate to spy on fellow
clergy and members of Romania's expatriate community in the United
States in the 1970s.
2012 Oct 23, A Russian Soyuz
spacecraft launched in Kazakhstan carrying a 3-man crew, including
an American and 2 Russians, to the Intl. Space Station.
(SFC, 10/24/12, p.A2)
2012 Oct 23, Somali journalist
Ahmed Farah Sakin, a reporter for the Somali television station
Universal, was shot to death in the town of Lasanod in the breakaway
region of Somaliland. This brought the number of journalists killed
in Somalia this year to 16.
2012 Oct 23, Syrian warplanes
struck Maaret al-Numan, a strategic rebel-held town in the country's
north in an attempt to reopen a key supply route. At least 20 people
were killed in Aleppo when a bakery was hit by a shell. Over 100
people were reported killed in fighting across the country. A
UN-proposed cease-fire meant to start this week appeared
increasingly unlikely to take hold.
(AP, 10/23/12)(SFC, 10/24/12, p.A2)
2012 Oct 23, In Taiwan an early
morning fire ripped through a nursing home, killing 12 people and
injuring 60, many of them too weak to get out of their beds to
escape. A nursing home resident confessed to setting the fire.
2013 Oct 23, In Washington
Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif urged US President Barack Obama to end
drone strikes in Pakistan. Obama and Sharif pledged cooperation on
the security issues that have strained ties between their nations.
(Reuters, 10/23/13)(AP, 10/23/13)
2013 Oct 23, A Nevada jury
found Saudi Arabian air force Sgt. Mazen Alotaibi guilty of sexually
assaulting a boy (13) at the Circu Circus hotel in las Vegas on New
(SFC, 10/24/13, p.A6)
2013 Oct 23, In Afghanistan a
nighttime Taliban attack on a security outpost killed 4 policemen in
the Bla Murghab district of Badghis province.
2013 Oct 23, Argentine local
experts and a government source said its agricultural soils are
being depleted by lack of crop rotation as soy farming encroaches on
areas once used for corn, wheat and cattle grazing.
2013 Oct 23, Australian
investigators said a military training exercise ignited the largest
of the wildfires that have ravaged its most populous state over the
2013 Oct 23, British sculptor
Anthony Caro (89), whose abstract metal sculptures were shown around
the world, died of a heart attack.
(AFP, 10/24/13)(Econ, 11/9/13, p.98)
2013 Oct 23, Thousands of
Cambodia opposition supporters staged a demonstration over disputed
elections that extended strongman PM Hun Sen's near three-decade
rule, under a heavy security presence after bloody clashes last
2013 Oct 23, In Beijing China’s
PM Li Keqiang and India’s PM Manmohan Singh sounded a new optimistic
tone in their relationship as they oversaw the signing of 9
agreements including a Defense Cooperation Agreement.
(AP, 10/23/13)(Econ, 10/26/13, p.47)
2013 Oct 23, Wang Qishan,
China's top official battling deeply-ingrained corruption, warned
staff their jobs were on the line if they failed to root out abuses,
telling them to "shock and awe" their targets.
2013 Oct 23, China’s state-run
New Express tabloid printed a front-page commentary begging police
in the south-central city of Changsha to set reporter Chen Yongzhou
free under the headline: "Please release him." Chen was detained
after writing more than a dozen stories criticizing the finances of
Zoomlion, a major state-owned construction equipment maker.
(Reuters, 10/23/13)(Econ, 10/26/13, p.54)
2013 Oct 23, Chinese police
officers were injured in clashes with villagers in southwestern
Yunnan province. Some 200 residents in Guangji village near the
provincial capital Kunming stopped 11 officers on a highway after
police had summoned two people a day earlier for alleged crimes.
2013 Oct 23, In China 2
children were killed and another four injured after a wall at their
primary school collapsed in Yunnan province.
2013 Oct 23, India accused
Pakistani troops of firing guns and mortars on at least 50 Indian
border posts overnight in disputed Kashmir, calling it the most
serious cease-fire violation between the nuclear-armed neighbors in
2013 Oct 23, In Iraq gunmen
killed 6 people in the northern city of Mosul. In Baghdad a roadside
bomb in the Ghazaliyah area killed at least 3 people and wounded 11.
Another roadside bomb killed 4 people and wounded at least nine in
Madain. 2 Sahwa anti-Al-Qaeda fighters were kidnapped and killed in
the northern province of Kirkuk.
2013 Oct 23, The Israeli
incumbent Mayor Nir Barkat of Jerusalem won re-election in a hotly
contested race that dealt a political blow to his challenger's main
backers, former Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman and the
ultra-Orthodox Shas party.
2013 Oct 23, A Kenya court
sentenced 4 Somali pirates sentenced to seven years each in prison
after they were found guilty of hijacking a fishing dhow in the
Indian Ocean in 2010.
2013 Oct 23, In Mali a suicide
bomber killed two Chadian troops from the UN peacekeeping mission
and injured six others in an attack on a checkpoint at the entry to
the northern town of Tessalit.
2013 Oct 23, Pirates near the
coast of Nigeria attacked a commercial ship, named C-Retriever, and
kidnapped two US mariners.
2013 Oct 23, Russia said it
will boycott maritime court hearings sought by the Netherlands in a
bid to free 30 crew members of a Greenpeace ship who were detained
during a protest against Arctic oil drilling. Russia dropped piracy
charges against 30 people involved in a Greenpeace protest against
Arctic oil drilling, replacing them with lesser offences and cutting
the maximum jail sentence they face to seven years from 15.
(AFP, 10/23/13)(Reuters, 10/23/13)
2013 Oct 23, In Sudan
carjackers killed a Sudanese aid worker in the country's Darfur
region, bringing to four the number of humanitarian staff killed
this year in the region's worsening unrest.
2013 Oct 23, Swiss-based
petrochemical firm Ineos said it would close its Grangemouth plant
in Scotland with the loss of hundreds of jobs after failing to
resolve a bitter labor dispute.
2013 Oct 23, A Swiss Air Force
F/A-18 jet went down near a military airport in Alpnach in the Lake
2013 Oct 23, Syrian activists
said the army has sealed the few remaining smuggling routes into the
besieged Eastern Ghouta region of suburbs of Damascus. Aid workers
in Damascus, who negotiated a truce to get out thousands of
residents from the town, said that locals had resorted to eating
leaves and grass.
2013 Oct 23, Thousands of
Tunisians marched through Tunis chanting for their government to
step down. Ruling Islamists and opposition leaders prepared to start
talks aimed at end months of political crisis. PM Ali Larayedh
said his government was committed in "principle" to resigning to
pave a way out of the crisis. Clashes between security forces and
gunmen rocked the central Sidi Bouzid region, leaving at least six
(Reuters, 10/23/13)(AFP, 10/24/13)
2013 Oct 23, UN Secretary
General Ban Ki-moon requested the deployment of 250 troops to
protect the global body's personnel and facilities in the
strife-torn Central African Republic.
2013 Oct 23, The UN said
extreme floods across vast parts of remote and impoverished South
Sudan have affected over 156,000 people.
2013 Oct 23, Pope Francis
temporarily expelled German Bishop Franz-Peter Tebartz-van Elst (53)
from his diocese because of a scandal over a 31-million-euro project
to build a new residence complex, but refused calls to remove him
(AP, 10/23/13)(SFC, 10/24/13, p.A3)
2013 Oct 23, Yemeni police said
a father has burned his 15-year-old daughter to death for keeping in
touch with her fiance, sparking further outrage after an eight-year
girl died from internal bleeding on her wedding night a month ago.
2014 Oct 23, The US Treasury
Department said Islamic State militants are earning about $1 million
a day just from black market oil sales.
2014 Oct 23, Joan Quigley
(b.1927), former astrologer to Ronald and Nancy Reagan, died in San
Francisco. The SF socialite and writer began working for the Reagans
in May, 1981, and continued for seven years.
2014 Oct 23, In Maryland a
small plane and a helicopter collided before crashing. 3 people were
(SFC, 10/24/14, p.A7)
2014 Oct 23, In NYC four rookie
police officers in the city's Queens borough were posing for a
photograph at the request of a freelance photographer when Zale
Thompson walked up and without saying a word attacked them with the
hatchet. Officers shot and killed Thompson.
2014 Oct 23, NYC officials said
Dr. Craig Spencer (33), a physician for doctors Without Borders, has
tested positive for Ebola after returning from Guinea last week.
(SFC, 10/24/14, p.A7)
2014 Oct 23, In Oklahoma a
person drove across the Capitol lawn in Oklahoma City and knocked
over a Ten Commandments monument, that a group has been suing to
have removed, smashing it to pieces.
(SFC, 10/25/14, p.A4)
2014 Oct 23, In Bangladesh
Ghulam Azam (91), a former leader of Jamaat-e-Islami (1960-2000),
died died of a stroke while serving jail sentences for crimes
against humanity. Azam had opposed the independence of Bangladesh
during the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War.
2014 Oct 23, Brazilian
companies Cutrale and Safra said they are again raising their bid
for banana producer Chiquita, to $681 million, a day before Chiquita
shareholders are expected to vote on a combination with Irish fruit
importer Fyffes. Shareholders rejected the proposal.
(AP, 10/23/14)(AP, 10/24/14)
2014 Oct 23, The chairman of
Britain's biggest retailer Tesco resigned as the troubled
supermarket group said a huge accounting error began earlier than
thought and contributed to plunging profits.
2014 Oct 23, Alvin Stardust
(b.1942), British singer and former glam rock star, died after a
short battle with cancer, just weeks before he was due to release a
new album. His real name was Bernard Jewry.
2014 Oct 23, The EU came up
with another 24.4 million euros ($31 million) to fight Ebola and
agreed to up its aid for the fight against Ebola in west Africa to
one billion euros. Christos Stylianides, the incoming Cypriot
Humanitarian Aid Commissioner, was named an Ebola "czar".
(AP, 10/23/14)(AFP, 10/24/14)
2014 Oct 23, EU lawmakers took
the latest step in efforts to bring Kiev closer to Europe, extending
Ukrainian exporters' open access to the European Union until a trade
deal takes effect at the end of next year.
2014 Oct 23, A Kosovo foreign
minister traveled to Serbia for the first time since Kosovo declared
independence in 2008. Enver Hoxhaj urged Serbia to recognize Kosovo
(AP, 10/23/14)(Reuters, 10/23/14)
2014 Oct 23, In Lebanon 4 men
were killed in clashes that erupted when the army raided the
apartment of Syrian refugees in the village of Aasun in the Dinniyeh
region. The army captured a soldier, who recently announced via
YouTube his defection from the army, and arrested Ahmad Miqati, a
man in his 60s accused, along with his fugitive son, of beheading
soldiers in Arsal.
2014 Oct 23, A Lebanese man who
arrived from West Africa is suspected of having Ebola and was
quarantined in a Beirut hospital, the first such suspected case in
2014 Oct 23, Liberia’s state
radio said dozens of people quarantined for Ebola monitoring in
Jenewonda were threatening to break out of isolation because they
have no food.
2014 Oct 23, In Pakistan 8
Shi'ite members of Pakistan's ethnic Hazara minority were killed and
one wounded after gunmen opened fire on a bus in Quetta, Baluchistan
province. Another explosion targeting a car used by security forces
killed 2 people and injured 12. In a third explosion 2 people were
killed and 30 wounded near a vehicle belonging to pro-Taliban cleric
2014 Oct 23, The general
director of Moscow's Vnukovo Airport and his deputy resigned and
Russian investigators detained four other airport employees
following a plane crash that killed a top French oil executive and
three crew members.
2014 Oct 23, Saudi Arabia
authorities said female drivers will be dealt with "strictly",
before a right-to-drive campaign culminates at the weekend.
2014 Oct 23, A group of South
Sudanese women peace activists said they have suggested that men in
the civil war-torn country be denied sex until they stop fighting.
2014 Oct 23, In Syria
government shelling in the northern village of Tel Qrah killed at
least 9 people.
2014 Oct 23, A Tunisian
policeman was killed when security forces clashed with Islamist
militants on the outskirts of Tunis, as the country prepared for
parliamentary elections. Police arrested two men armed with assault
rifles in the southern of Kebili in a clash that left a bystander
(Reuters, 10/23/14)(AP, 10/23/14)
2014 Oct 23, Turkish President
Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that 200 Iraqi Kurd peshmerga fighters
would travel through Turkey to join the battle in Kobane, where
about 1,000 IS militants are believed to be fighting. US-led air
strikes in Syria were reported to have killed more than 521
jihadists and 32 civilians over the last month.
(AFP, 10/23/14)(Reuters, 10/23/14)
2014 Oct 23, Southern Yemeni
separatists pledged to escalate protests demanding secession, as
northern Shiite rebels vie to expand their control over more of the
2015 Oct 23, The United States,
Russia, Turkey and Saudi Arabia met in Vienna to explore a political
solution to the Syrian civil war despite the basic US-Russian
disagreement over Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's fate.
2015 Oct 23, The United States
and its allies carried out 21 air strikes against Islamic State
militants in Iraq.
2015 Oct 23, US FDA authorities
said they have confiscated shipments of the lethal-injection
chemical sodium thiopental that Arizona and Texas tried to bring in
from abroad, saying such imports are illegal.
(SFC, 10/24/15, p.A4)
2015 Oct 23, TalkTalk, a
British telephone and broadband provider, said it has been hit by a
"significant and sustained" cyber-attack and that the personal data
of millions of Britons could be at risk after.
2015 Oct 23, In northern
Cameroon Boko Haram Islamists seized control of Kerawa, a town in on
the border with Nigeria. An unspecified number of civilians were
killed in the assault.
2015 Oct 23, Quebec province
officials said eight Canadian police officers, suspected of sexually
assaulting and beating aboriginal women, have been put on leave or
transferred to administrative duty.
2015 Oct 23, Chinese President
Xi Jinping has ended his state visit to Britain after being greeted
by hundreds of enthusiastic and well-organized well-wishers in the
northwest England city of Manchester.
2015 Oct 23, China cut interest
rates to support stuttering growth and announced that it was setting
banks free in theory to offer depositors whatever interest they
(Econ, 10/31/15, p.69)
2015 Oct 23, Croatia and Serbia
agreed to increase the flow of asylum-seekers over their border
after thousands were forced to spend a muddy night out in the open
in near-freezing temperatures.
2015 Oct 23, In France at least
43 people on a bus carrying elderly day-trippers were killed early
today when the bus hit a truck head-on and caught fire near
Puisseguin in the Gironde region.
2015 Oct 23, Germany defended a
decision to allow the export of tanks and artillery to Qatar, saying
it was confident the arms would not be used in a war in Yemen
between government supporters and the Iran-allied Houthis.
2015 Oct 23, German authorities
arrested an Iranian man on suspicion he was spying for Tehran.
Maysam P. (31) was accused of spying since December 2013 for Iran on
the opposition group known as the People's Mujahedin of Iran, or
2015 Oct 23, India accused
Pakistan of a cease-fire violation in Kashmir in which one Indian
civilian was killed and another was wounded.
2015 Oct 23, In Indonesia a law
that makes gay sex punishable by public caning took effect in
conservative Aceh province.
2015 Oct 23, Japan and
Turkmenistan signed deals worth over $18 billion on a package of
projects in the energy-rich central Asian nation, which has become
an important supplier of natural gas to China.
2015 Oct 23, In Mexico
Hurricane Patricia, a Category 5 storm, crashed into western Mexico
with rain and winds of up to 165 mph (266 kph). The hurricane was
downgraded to a tropical storm and then a depression as it moved
northeast in Zacatecas the following morning.
(Reuters, 10/24/15)(AFP, 10/24/15)
2015 Oct 23, Niger was ordered
to pay compensation to the family of former president Ibrahim Bare
Mainassara, who was killed by members of the presidential guard in a
1999 coup. Five judges sitting at the ECOWAS Court of Justice said
Niamey should pay a total of 435 million CFA francs (663,000 euros,
$750,000) to Mainassara's widow, five children and 11 brothers and
2015 Oct 23, In northeastern
Nigeria 42 people were killed and 11 wounded in bomb attacks at
mosques in Maiduguri, Borno state, and in Yola, Adamawa state.
(Reuters, 10/23/15)(AP, 10/24/15)
2015 Oct 23, In southern
Pakistan a suicide bomber targeted a Shiite religious procession,
killing at least 18 people and wounding 40 others in Jacobabad,
2015 Oct 23, A Peruvian
prosecutor said Lt. Wilmer Eduardo Delgado Ruiz (35), arrested for
allegedly letting small planes ferry cocaine unhindered from the
world's No. 1 coca-producing valley, was getting bribes of $10,000 a
planeload that he apparently shared with his superiors.
2015 Oct 23, Philippine
aviation authorities said haze from Indonesian forest fires has
spread to the southern and central Philippines, disrupting air
traffic and prompting warnings for residents to wear face masks.
2015 Oct 23, Portugal's
parliament elected Eduardo Ferro Rodrigues as Socialist speaker of
the house. Leftist parties used their majority in the new parliament
to block the incoming center-right government's candidate.
2015 Oct 23, In South Africa
thousands of university students protesting planned tuition hikes
flocked to the country's main government complex, with some setting
fires and throwing stones as police responded with stun grenades,
tear gas and a water cannon. Pres. Zuma met with student leaders and
university managers. His office later announced that there would be
no fee increase for university students in 2016.
2015 Oct 23, The Syrian
Observatory for Human Rights said Russian air strikes in Syria have
killed at least 446 people, more than a third of them civilians,
since they began end-September.
2015 Oct 23, In Thailand police
Major Prakrom Warunprapa, charged under a controversial royal
defamation law, died in custody after "hanging" himself in his cell.
He was accused of embezzling money by falsely claiming links to the
(AFP, 10/24/15)(Econ, 11/14/15, p.42)
2015 Oct 23, In Ukraine
pro-Russian insurgents in eastern separatist Donetsk region said
they have banned Doctors Without Borders (MSF) and UN agencies.
2015 Oct 23, Yemeni security
officials said heavy fighting between pro-government forces and the
Shiite Houthi rebels besieging the western city of Taiz killed 71
people in the past two days.
2016 Oct 23, In southern
California a tour bus plowed into a big-rig on I-10 near Palm
Springs killing 13 people and injuring 31 others. On Oct 19, 2017,
big rig driver Bruce Guilford (51) was arrested in Georgia a day
after being charged in Riverside County with 13 counts of vehicular
(SFC, 10/24/16, p.A4)(SFC, 10/20/17, p.A5)
2016 Oct 23, Tom Hayden
(b.1939), American social and political activist, author and
politician, died in Santa Monica, Ca., following a lengthy illness.
2016 Oct 23, In southern
California a tour bus plowed into a big-rig on I-10 near Palm
Springs killing 13 people and injuring 31 others. On Oct 19, 2017,
big rig driver Bruce Guilford (51) was arrested in Georgia a day
after being charged with 13 counts of vehicular manslaughter.
(SFC, 10/24/16, p.A4)(SFC, 10/20/17, p.A5)
2016 Oct 23, In Oklahoma
Michael Vance (38) shot two police officers, stole a patrol car,
carjacked another car and then killed his aunt and uncle in Luther.
On Oct 30 Vance was shot and killed in a gunbattle with state
troopers near Leedey.
(SFC, 10/25/16, p.A6)(SFC, 11/1/16, p.A10)
2016 Oct 23, The Afghan
government and UN released a new joint survey that saw an increase
of 10 percent in opium poppy cultivation and 91 percent decrease in
eradication across the country.
2016 Oct 23, In Afghanistan a
precision strike conducted by the US military in Kunar province
killed Farouq al-Qahtani, Al-Qaeda's emir for northeastern
2016 Oct 23, Police in
Argentina found the body of Claudia Arias (31) in Mendoza, alongside
the corpses of her aunt and grandmother. The women had been beaten
and stabbed to death. Two of Claudia’s three children were wounded.
Ex-partner Daniel Zalazar was soon arrested on suspicion of murder.
(Econ, 11/5/16, p.30)
2016 Oct 23, In India police
opened fire in Saiko in the district of Khunti, Jharkhand state,
after protesters blocked the road, assaulted police and took several
policemen hostage. One man was killed.
2016 Oct 23, Italian officials
said that 14 bodies have been recovered in a two-day period on
smugglers' boats packed with migrants. In all 5,700 migrants were
rescued from dozens of small boats and rubber dinghies over the
previous two days.
2016 Oct 23, In Kashmir
shelling across the border between India and Pakistan killed two
Pakistani civilians, an Indian soldier and a boy.
2016 Oct 23, Kurdish fighters
said they had taken the town of Bashiqa near Mosul from Islamic
State as coalition forces pressed their offensive against the
jihadists' last stronghold in Iraq.
2016 Oct 23, In Russia 3 people
were killed and 13 others injured after an explosion, believed to
have been caused by gas, hit a high-rise apartment building in
2016 Oct 23, Russian police
killed two suspected terrorists in a shootout in in Nizhny Novgorod.
A bomb was found in the suspects' car.
2016 Oct 23, Spain's embattled
Socialists voted to lift a long-standing veto that has prevented the
conservatives from forming a minority government, in what should
finally end a ten-month political impasse.
2016 Oct 23, A leading northern
Syrian rebel coalition warned civilians in Aleppo to stay away from
government positions around the contested city as rebels and
pro-government forces clashed along the city's outskirts. Clashes
and air strikes shook Aleppo, as heavy fighting resumed after the
end of a 3-day ceasefire.
(AP, 10/23/16)(AFP, 10/23/16)
2016 Oct 23, Venezuela's
opposition-majority legislature declared that President Nicolas
Maduro's government had committed a coup d'etat by blocking a
referendum on removing him from power, vowing mass protests and
2016 Oct 23, In Yemen warplanes
from a Saudi-led coalition attacked targets in Sanaa at dawn, hours
after a three-day truce expired.
2017 Oct 23, The Hollywood
sexual abuse scandal widened after 38 women were reported to have
accused US film director James Toback (72) of unwanted sexual
encounters over a period of decades. His semi-autobiographical "The
Pick-up Artist" was made in 1987.
2017 Oct 23, In Pennsylvania a
law took effect that allows casino-style gambling on mobile phones
and websites. It also put video gaming terminals in big truck stops.
2017 Oct 23, Argentina's
President Mauricio Macri pledged to press ahead with an austerity
drive in Latin America's third-largest economy, following a sweeping
victory in mid-term elections.
2017 Oct 23, Bangladesh called
on Myanmar to allow nearly 1 million Rohingya Muslim refugees to
return home under safe conditions, saying that the burden had become
"untenable" on its territory. Governments and international donors
pledged $234 million to help over 600,000 Rohingya people who have
fled violence in Myanmar into neighboring Bangladesh over the last
(Reuters, 10/23/17)(AP, 10/23/17)
2017 Oct 23, A Benin judicial
source said wealthy businessman and failed presidential candidate
Sebastien Ajavon is under investigation over an allegedly fraudulent
export deal. The alleged offences dated back to 2009 and could see
him jailed if charged and convicted. In October 2016, he was
arrested after 18 kg (40 pounds) of cocaine with a street value of
$16 million was found in a container destined for one of his
2017 Oct 23, In Brazil police
shot and killed Spanish tourist Maria Esperanza Ruiz Jimenez (67) in
a Rio de Janeiro slum after the guided tour car she was riding in
failed to stop at a police road block. Two military police officers
were soon arrested in connection with the shooting death.
(Reuters, 10/23/17)(AP, 10/24/17)
2017 Oct 23, London brought in
a new levy on the oldest and most polluting cars entering the city
center, almost doubling how much motorists have to pay in the latest
blow to diesel.
2017 Oct 23, Canadian PM Justin
Trudeau appointed a special envoy to Myanmar tasked with pressing
its leadership to resolve the Rohingya refugee crisis.
2017 Oct 23, In Chechnya a
Russian National Guard officer killed four other servicemen before
he was killed by guards in Shelkovskaya.
(SFC, 10/24/17, p.A2)
2017 Oct 23, The Egyptian
military said its air force hit eight four-wheel-drive vehicles
carrying arms and explosives at its western border with Libya,
killing the militants on board.
2017 Oct 23, An agreement
reached by EU member states limited the amount of time workers can
be "posted" from one EU country to another, but the agreement did
not cover the road transport sector.
2017 Oct 23, The German
government said it approved the sale of three Thyssenkrupp
submarines to Israel and will provide financial support for the
2017 Oct 23, In Germany a
right-wing extremist member of a group that claims allegiance to
Adolf Hitler's World War Two-era German Reich was convicted of
murder for shooting and killing a police officer last October and
sentenced to life in prison.
2017 Oct 23, Amnesty
International said that Ahmadreza Djalali, an Iranian doctor who
studied and taught in Sweden, had been sentenced to death in Iran on
espionage charges. Neither Iran nor Amnesty said when the verdict
2017 Oct 23, In Israel several
thousand ultra-Orthodox Jews blocked the main entrance to Jerusalem
and protested in other areas as part of a series of demonstrations
against serving in the Israeli military.
2017 Oct 23, Political leaders
in northern Italy claimed an overwhelming mandate to seek greater
autonomy from Rome after referendums backed the party's autonomy bid
by more than 95 percent in Lombardy and Veneto. In Lombardy less
than half of the electorate turned out. The votes were legal, but
not binding on Rome.
2017 Oct 23, Japan’s PM Shinzo
Abe, buoyed by a huge election win for lawmakers who favor revising
the post-war, pacifist constitution, signaled a push towards his
long-held goal but will need to convince a divided public to
2017 Oct 23, Kenya’s chief
prosecutor's office said authorities will arrest and charge Ruth
Odinga, the sister of opposition leader Raila Odinga, with
incitement to violence after attacks on the election board.
2017 Oct 23, In northern Mali
the French military targeted Islamist militants of Ansar Dine near
the border with Algeria and took 15 militants "out of action" in an
2017 Oct 23, The Philippine
government declared the end to the militant siege of Marawi that
lasted five months, left more than 1,100 people dead and sparked
fears of the Islamic State group gaining a foothold in Southeast
Asia. Combat operations in Marawi ended after troops recovered 42
bodies of the last group of militants. The Islamic State had sent at
least $1.5 million to finance the Marawi militants.
(AP, 10/23/17)(SFC, 10/25/17, p.A2)
2017 Oct 23, Poland's President
Andrzej Duda signed a law that will eventually increase the
country's spending on defense to at least 2.5 percent of GDP, well
above the 2 percent required by membership in NATO.
2017 Oct 23, In Russia Tatyana
Felgengauer (32), a presenter for the Echo of Moscow radio station,
suffered a knife attack after a suspect entered the radio station's
building in central Moscow and blinded the security guard with a
spray. The attacker, identified as Boris Grits (48), was caught.
(AFP, 10/23/17)(AP, 11/8/17)
2017 Oct 23, The Syrian
government and activists said the bodies of at least 67 civilians,
many summarily killed by the Islamic State group, have been
discovered in al-Qaryatayn, a town that government forces retook
from the extremists over the weekend. The Britain-based Syrian
Observatory for Human Rights said it had documented the killings of
at least 128 people in al-Qaryatayn during the last days of IS
control of the town. 30 of the 50 militants, who overran the town
last month, were originally from the town.
(AP, 10/23/17)(Reuters, 10/23/17)(SFC, 10/24/17,
2017 Oct 23, In Syria Jac
Holmes (24), a British man who was fighting with US-backed Kurdish
forces against the Islamic State group, died while clearing mines in
the northern city of Raqqa.
2017 Oct 23, In Turkey Ankara
Mayor Melih Gokcek announced that he would step down on Oct. 28
following a meeting with Pres. Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Gokcek became
the fifth elected mayor to leave office under pressure from Pres.
(SFC, 10/24/17, p.A2)
2017 Oct 23, A Turkish military
vehicle was hit by an improvised explosive device in the
southeastern province of Hakkari, killing one soldier.
2017 Oct 23, Ukrainian
anti-corruption investigators raided the home and office of Odessa
Mayor Gennadiy Trukhanov and his associates at the center of a
politically charged embezzlement probe.
2017 Oct 23, In southern Yemen
suspected al Qaeda militants attacked a military checkpoint in Abyan
province, killing four soldiers and wounding 10.
2017 Oct 23, A UN committee
said it has added 32 items that have both civilian and military use
to a list of prohibited goods and technologies banned from sale or
transfer to North Korea.
(SFC, 10/24/17, p.A2)
2017 Oct 23, UNICEF said more
than 1,100 children are suffering from acute malnutrition in the
besieged rebel-held Eastern Ghouta area outside Damascus.
2017 Oct 23, The UN's
humanitarian coordination agency OCHA said more than 11 million
Yemeni children need humanitarian aid as a result of a war raging
since March 2015.
2018 Oct 23, The US Treasury
Department imposed sanctions targeting Afghanistan's Taliban
insurgency, designating eight people including two Iranians linked
to Tehran's Revolutionary Guards' Quds force.
2018 Oct 23, Johnson &
Johnson said it is paying about $2 billion in cash for the
outstanding stake of Ci:z Holdings Co., a Japanese cosmetics and
skincare products company.
2018 Oct 23, In Afghanistan at
least 14 civilians were killed during an operation by Afghan
security forces in eastern Nangarhar province.
2018 Oct 23, British electric
appliance pioneer Dyson said it had picked Singapore as the site for
its first electric car plant, sparking criticism of the company's
Brexit-backing billionaire founder James Dyson for not investing
more in British manufacturing.
2018 Oct 23, A Cameroon court
sentenced former opposition presidential candidate and
anti-corruption campaigner Akere Muna to a three-year suspended
sentence on forgery charges.
2018 Oct 23, Chinese media
Caixin reported that a senior official overseeing birth policy
explained birth policy changes last week to a UN conference held in
Beijing. He said China won't set a population target in the future
and will give epople more freedom around childbirth.
(SFC, 10/25/18, p.A3)
2018 Oct 23, China opened the
world's longest sea-crossing bridge linking Hong Kong to the
mainland, a feat of engineering carrying immense economic and
political significance. The 55-km (34-mile)-long bridge linked China
to the semi-autonomous regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
2018 Oct 23, The European
Commission rejected Italy's proposed budget — the first time it has
ever done so with a member state.
2018 Oct 23, France-based
Interpol said coordinated police raids in 116 countries have netted
500 tons of illicit pharmaceuticals available online, including fake
cancer medications, counterfeit pain pills and illegal medical
2018 Oct 23, German automaker
BMW said it is expanding a recall to cover 1.6 million vehicles
worldwide due to possible fluid leaks that could result in a fire.
2018 Oct 23, In Iraq a bomb
blast at a market in a town south of the city of Mosul killed at
least six people, including two soldiers.
2018 Oct 23, Ireland's
government approved a forensic excavation of the former Bon Secours
Mother and Baby Home in Tuam, County Galway, a Catholic-run
orphanage where a mass grave containing the remains of hundreds of
children was discovered.
2018 Oct 23, The live-betting
esports platform Unikrn had its wagering license approved by the
Isle of Man, clearing the way for users to legally gamble on
competitive video games. Unikrn had previously only been licensed to
provide real-money betting on esports in the UK and Australia.
2018 Oct 23, Japan was informed
by Qatar that a man, believed to be journalist Jumpei Yasuda, has
been released. Yasuda was last heard from in Syria in 2015. Contact
was lost with Yasuda after he sent a message to another Japanese
freelancer on June 23, 2015.
2018 Oct 23, In Mexico
thousands of people were evacuated, buildings were boarded up and
schools closed along the Pacific coast as Hurricane Willa threatened
to batter tourist resorts. Hurricane Willa crashed ashore in western
Mexico, lashing the Pacific coast with powerful winds and heavy rain
before weakening to a tropical depression as it moved inland. Nearly
102,000 homes last power after the storm made landfall.
(Reuters, 10/23/18)(AFP, 10/24/18)(SFC, 10/25/18,
2018 Oct 23, Nigeria's
President Muhammadu Buhari flew in by helicopter to cut the ribbon
at the new Seme-Krake Joint Border Post with his Beninese
counterpart Patrice Talon.
2018 Oct 23, Human Rights Watch
said security forces of the rival Palestinian governments routinely
use torture and arbitrary arrests, among other tactics, to quash
dissent by peaceful activists and political opponents.
2018 Oct 23, Pakistan
negotiated a $6 billion assistance package of loans and deferred
payments from Saudi Arabia in hopes of resuscitating its flagging
economy, struggling under the weight of a whopping $18 billion
2018 Oct 23, A high-profile
economic forum in Saudi Arabia began in Riyadh. Crown Prince
Mohammed bin Salman trumpeted a conference that has drawn investment
deals worth $50 billion despite a boycott over the killing of
journalist Jamal Khashoggi.
2018 Oct 23, Saudi Energy
Minister Khalid al-Falih said the OPEC kingpin was ready to boost
its crude production and spare capacity to help maintain a balance
in the global oil market.
2018 Oct 23, Saudi Arabia said
it and Bahrain had added Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps and senior
officers of its Quds Force to their lists of people and
organizations suspected of involvement in terrorism.
2018 Oct 23, Tech entrepreneurs
in Somalia began holding a first ever summit in battle-scarred
Mogadishu, attracting hundreds to talk about business and innovation
in a city more used to conflict and suffering.
2018 Oct 23, The UN Human
Rights Committee said that France's ban on the niqab, the full-body
Islamic veil, was a violation of human rights and called on it to
review the legislation. It gave Paris 180 days to report back to say
what actions it had taken.
2018 Oct 23, Vietnam's rubber
stamp National Assembly elected Communist Party General Secretary
Nguyen Phu Trong (74) as the country's president. He succeeds Tran
Dai Quang, who died last month after battling a viral illness for
more than a year.
2018 Oct 23, Zimbabwe's main
opposition leader Nelson Chamisa called for a transitional emergency
government to resolve the worsening economic and political crisis
engulfing the country.
2019 Oct 23, US President
Donald Trump declared success in Syria and created a bumper-sticker
moment to illustrate his campaign promise to put a stop to American
involvement in "endless wars".
2019 Oct 23, President Donald
Trump said he will lift sanctions on Turkey after the NATO ally
agreed to permanently stop fighting Kurdish forces in Syria and he
defended his decision to withdraw American troops.
2019 Oct 23, A US federal judge
ordered the Trump administration to start turning over documents
regarding potentially improper White House influence on diplomacy in
(Yahoo News, 10/23/19)
2019 Oct 23, A senior Pentagon
official Laura Cooper, who oversees US defense policy on Ukraine and
Russia, testified privately in the Democratic-led US House of
Representatives inquiry against Republican President Donald Trump.
2019 Oct 23, US Attorney
General William Barr announced an effort to prevent mass shootings
through new tactics such as court-ordered counseling and supervision
of potentially violent individuals.
2019 Oct 23, About two dozen US
House Republicans delayed an impeachment related deposition for
hours when they burst into the proceedings.
(SFC, 10/24/19, p.A6)
2019 Oct 23, Aniah Blanchard
(19), a student at Alabama's Southern Union State Community College,
went missing. Blanchard, the stepdaughter of Ultimate Fighting
Championship (UFC) fighter Walt Harris, was last seen at a
convenience store in Auburn. Her car was found abandoned near an
apartment complex in Montgomery on October 25. On Nov. 8 Ibraheem
Yazeed (30) of Montgomery, was taken into custody in Florida's
Escambia County. Authorities later said shot her when she "went for
the gun." Her body was found on Nov. 25, approximately 36 miles away
in a wooded area in Shorter.
(The Independent, 10/31/19)(Good Morning America,
11/8/19)(Good Morning America, 12/21/19)
2019 Oct 23, The Los
Angeles-based Berggruen Institute said US Supreme Court Justice Ruth
Bader Ginsburg is this year's winner of its $1 million Berggruen
Prize for philosophy and culture.
(SFC, 10/24/19, p.A6)
2019 Oct 23, In northern
California Deputy Brian Ishmael was fatally shot early today in the
community of Somerset. A ride-along passenger with him was injured
while responding to a call about a theft from a marijuana garden in
the rural Sierra Nevada foothills.
(AP, 10/23/19)(SFC, 10/24/19, p.C1)
2019 Oct 23, Facebook Inc CEO
Mark Zuckerberg sought to reassure skeptical US lawmakers that the
company's planned digital currency Libra would be a force for good
that could reduce costs for electronic payments and help more people
participate in the global financial system.
2019 Oct 23, Google said it had
achieved a breakthrough in computer research, by solving a complex
problem in minutes with a so-called quantum computer that would take
today's most powerful supercomputer thousands of years to crack.
2019 Oct 23, Albanian police
said they have discovered an Iranian paramilitary network that
allegedly planned attacks in Albania against exiled members of an
Iranian group seeking to overthrow the government in Tehran. The
foreign wing of Iran's Revolutionary Guard operated an "active
terrorist cell" targeting Mujahedin-e Khalq, or MEK, group members
2019 Oct 23, Botswana faced its
tightest election in history as the long-peaceful southern African
nation wondered if the ruling party would be toppled for the first
time since independence.
2019 Oct 23, British
authorities found a tractor-trailer truck in Grays, in southeast
England with 39 dead people inside. The dead were initially believed
to be Chinese nationals, but police later said the dead were all
from Vietnam. The truck had Bulgarian registration dating to 2017. A
25-year-old-man from Northern Ireland who was driving the truck was
arrested on suspicion of murder.
(AP, 10/23/19)(Reuters, 10/24/19)(Reuters,
2019 Oct 23, Cyprus said it
would investigate the circumstances under which relatives of
Cambodia's prime minister were granted citizenship and did not rule
out revoking passports if necessary.
2019 Oct 23, Ethiopian police
fired gunshots and teargas as thousands protested over the treatment
of a prominent activist, in a sign that the country's Nobel
Prize-winning prime minister might be losing support among his
2019 Oct 23, Hong Kong's
legislature formally withdrew planned legislation that would have
allowed extraditions to mainland China, but the move was unlikely to
end months of unrest as it met just one of five demands of
2019 Oct 23, Iraq's defense
minister said US troops withdrawing from northeastern Syria to Iraq
are "transiting" and will leave the country within four weeks.
2019 Oct 23, Israel's former
military chief Benny Gantz received an official mandate to form the
country's next government. He had few options after last month's
elections left him in a near tie with PM Benjamin Netanyahu. Gantz
will have 28 days to form a coalition.
2019 Oct 23, The head of
Italy's Bio-on was arrested in a probe into false accounting and
market manipulation, just three months after the bio-plastics maker
suffered an attack by a short seller fund that erased 80% of its
2019 Oct 23, Lebanon's
state-run news agency said a Lebanese man shot down an Israeli drone
with a hunting rifle near the border village of Kfar Kila.
2019 Oct 23, Six medical
workers were released in Libya after being abducted and held hostage
for nearly two weeks by unknown armed men.
2019 Oct 23, North Korea said
that leader Kim Jong-un has ordered the destruction of all
facilities built by South Korea at the Mount Kumgang (Diamond
Mountain) tourist zone, apparently because of Seoul’s refusal to
break ranks with the United States.
(SFC, 10/24/19, p.A4)
2019 Oct 23, Russian President
Vladimir Putin hosted dozens of leaders of African nations for the
first-ever Russia-Africa summit, reflecting Moscow's new push to
expand its clout on the continent and saying there is "enormous
potential for growth." 43 leaders of the continent's 54 countries
attended the 2-day summit.
(AP, 10/23/19)(SFC, 10/24/19, p.A2)
2019 Oct 23, Russia landed the
world’s biggest military aircraft in South Africa, the Tupolev
Tu-160 ‘Blackjack’ bomber, in a rare display of cooperation between
the defense forces of the two countries. The two bombers, which are
capable of launching nuclear missiles, are the first to ever land in
Africa and were escorted by fighter jets from the South African Air
Force as they arrived at the Waterkloof air base in Tshwane.
2019 Oct 23, Russian military
police began patrols on part of the Syrian border, quickly moving to
implement an accord with Turkey that divvies up control of
northeastern Syria. The Kremlin told Kurdish fighters to pull back
from the entire frontier or else face being "steamrolled" by Turkish
2019 Oct 23, South African
Airways (SAA) and Comair began returning grounded planes to service
a day after South Africa's air safety regulator flagged maintenance
2019 Oct 23, In Switzerland a
Syrian Kurdish man set himself on fire in front of the United
Nations refugee agency's headquarters in Geneva. Security guards
doused the flames and the man was then taken by helicopter to a
hospital in Lausanne that specializes in treating burns.
2019 Oct 23, Ukraine's Pres.
Volodymyr Zelensky urged a group of lawmakers to take lie detector
tests to show they are not involved in a widening corruption
(SFC, 10/24/19, p.A2)
2019 Oct 23, Michael Lynk, the
UN independent expert on human rights in the Palestinian
territories, called for an international ban on all products made in
Israeli settlements as a step to potentially end Israel's 52-year
2019 Oct 23, The World Health
Organization said Zambia has reported its first case of polio since
1995, in a boy (2) paralyzed by the vaccine-derived poliovirus