Today in History - October 25

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1047        Oct 25, Magnus I Godhi, king of Norway and Denmark (1035-47), died.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1131        Oct 25, Louis VII the Young, King of France, was crowned.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1147        Oct 25, At the Battle at Dorylaeum (Turkey) Arabs beat Konrad III's crusaders. Conrad III of Germany and Louis VII of France had assembled 500,000 men for the 2nd Crusade. Most of the men were lost to starvation, disease and battle wounds.
    (PCh, 1992, p.94)(

1360        Oct 25, Louis, founder of house of Anjou, was born.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1400        Oct 25, Geoffrey Chaucer (b.~1343), author (Canterbury Tales), died in London. In 1965 Charles Muscatine (1920-2010) authored “Chaucer and the French Tradition: A Study in Style and Meaning."
    (AP, 10/25/97)(WSJ, 9/18/00, p.A36)(SFC, 3/16/10, p.C5)

1415        Oct 25, An English army under Henry V defeated the French at Agincourt, France. The French had out numbered Henry’s troops, but Welsh longbows turned the tide of the battle. The French force was under the command of the constable Charles I d’Albret. Charles I d’Albret, son of Arnaud-Amanieu d’Albret, came from a line of nobles who were often celebrated warriors. His ancestors had fought in the First Crusade (1096-99) and his father had fought in the Hundred Years War himself--first for the English before joining the side of France. Charles’ own exploits in the ongoing conflict came to an end at the Battle of Agincourt. The decisive victory for the outnumbered English saw the death of not only Charles, but a dozen other high-ranking nobles as well. But Charles’ fate did not end the Albrets as his descendants went on to become kings of Navarre, and later, France. In 2005 Juliet Barker authored “Agincourt: The King, the Campaign, and the Battle."
    (MH, 12/96)(HN, 10/25/98)(Econ, 10/22/05, p.88)(ON, 6/08, p.10)
1415        Oct 25, Edward (b.1373), duke of York, died at the Battle of Agincourt.

1521        Oct 25, Emperor Charles V banned wooden buildings in Amsterdam.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1555        Oct 25, Emperor Charles V put his son Philip II in charge of Netherlands, Naples, and Milan.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1596        Oct 25, The Spanish fleet sailed from Lisbon to Ireland.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1621        Oct 25, Gov. Bradford of US Plymouth colony disallowed sport on Christmas Day.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1692        Oct 25, Elisabeth Farnese, princess of Parma and queen of Spain, was born.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1697        Oct 25, Settlers from Mexico founded the town of Loreto in honor of the Virgin Nuestra Senoro de Loreto, on the Baha Peninsula. It served as the capital of Baha California for the next 132 years.
    (SFEC, 5/18/97, p.T5)

1760        Oct 25, George II (August), king of Great-Britain (1727-60), died at 76.
    (MC, 10/25/01)
1760        Oct 25, King George III of Britain was crowned. He succeeded his late grandfather, George II and ruled until 1820. With the rule of George III the civil list (government officers, judges, ambassadors and royal staff) was paid by the Parliament in return for the king's surrender of the hereditary revenues of the crown.    
    (AHD, 1971, p.552)(AP, 10/25/97)(HN, 10/25/01)

1764        Oct 25, John Adams, future US president, wed Abigail Smith. He called her “a constant feast." Their marriage lasted 54 years.
    (AH, 10/04, p.15)

1800        Oct 25, Thomas Babington Macaulay (d.1859), England, poet and historian, was born. "No particular man is necessary to the state. We may depend on it that, if we provide the country with popular institutions, those institutions will provide it with great men."
    (AP, 11/30/97)(Econ, 10/30/04, p.48)

1812        Oct 25, The U.S. frigate United States captured the British vessel Macedonian during the War of 1812.
    (AP, 10/25/98)

1818        Oct 25, Argentine privateer Frenchman Hipolito Bouchard aboard La Argentina and Englishman Peter Corney in command of the Santa Rosa set sail from Hawaii for Alta California with 360 men and 52 canons.
    (SFC, 11/11/17, p.C3)

1825        Oct 25, Johann Strauss (d.1899), Austrian orchestra conductor and composer, was born.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1405)(HN, 10/25/98)

1838        Oct 25, Georges Alexandre-Cesar-Leopold Bizet, French composer (Carmen), was born.
    (HN, 10/25/98)(MC, 10/25/01)

1854        Oct 25, During the Crimean War, a brigade of British light infantry was destroyed by Russian artillery as they charged down a narrow corridor in full view of the Russians. The Crimean War is largely remembered for the Charge of the Light Brigade, a hopeless but gallant British cavalry charge against a heavily defended Russian force. The battle began when the Russians attacked the British-French supply depot at Balaclava, some eight miles from Sevastopol, on the Black Sea Crimean Peninsula. Taken by surprise, the British counterattacked but failed to follow up. Through a staff error, Gen. Lord Cardigan's Light Brigade of 673 horsemen was ordered to charge the Russian position through a mile-long valley and prevent them from carrying away some captured cannon. The Light Brigade advanced up the valley, taking casualties all the way, and reached the guns. But once there, they could not hold their position and were forced to retreat. Of the 673 men who took part in the senseless charge, only 195 were present at roll call that night. The Charge of the Light Brigade ended the battle, but Balaclava remained in the hands of the British-French Allies. French General Bosquet remarked "It is magnificent, but it is not war."
    (AP, 10/25/97)(HNPD, 10/25/98)(HN, 10/25/98)(MC, 10/25/01)

1864        Oct 25, Skirmishes took place at Mine Creek, Ka., and Turkeytown, Al.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1865        Oct 25, The S.S. Republic was carrying 59 passengers and 20,000 $20 gold coins from New York to New Orleans when it sank in a hurricane off Savannah, Ga. All the passengers boarded life boats and got off alive. In 2003 Odyssey Marine Exploration found the ship. The company recovered some 52,000 silver and gold coins.
    (AP, 8/17/03)(AP, 11/29/03)(SFC, 6/11/12, p.E2)

1869        Oct 25, August Otto Halm, composer, was born.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1870        Oct 25, The Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Md., opened and a horse named Preakness won the first stakes race on the program. 3 years later Pimlico honored that horse by naming a race for him.

1875        Oct 25, Tchaikovsky’s 1st Piano Concerto premiered in Boston.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1878        Oct 25, Ludwig Wilhelm Maurer (89), composer, died.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1881        Oct 25, Pablo Picasso (d.1973), painter and sculptor, was born in Malaga, Spain. He worked in France and a painter and sculptor. Francoise Gilot was the mother of 2 of his children. His work includes “Gilot," and “Self-Portrait with a Palette" (1906). He immortalized the French apéritif Pernod by including it in many paintings. “Picasso and Dora" was written by James Lord.
    (SFC, 7/14/96, p.C11)(SFC, 8/14/96, zz-1 p.4) (WSJ, 9/30/96, p.A14)(HN, 10/25/98)

1885        Oct 25, Johannes Brahms' 4th Symphony in E, premiered.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1888        Oct 25, Richard E. Byrd, U.S. aviator and explorer who made the first flight over the North Pole, was born.
    (HN, 10/25/98)

1898        Oct 25, The 300-foot steamship L.R. Doty was carrying a cargo of corn from South Chicago to Ontario, Canada, when it sailed into a terrible storm and sank in Lake Michigan. All 17 of its crew members  died. The wreck of the wooden ship was found in 2010.
    (AP, 6/25/10)(

1889        Oct 25, Abel Gance, French film director (Napoleon), was born.
    (HN, 10/25/00)(MC, 10/25/01)

1902        Oct 25, Henry Steele Commager (d.1998), American historian was born in Pittsburg, Pa. He wrote the fifty-five volume "Rise of the American Nation."
1902        Oct 25, Santa Maria, Guatemala, was hit by an earthquake and about 6,000 died.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1906        Oct 25, US inventor Lee de Forest patented the "Audion," a 3-diode amplification valve which proved a pioneering development in radio and broadcasting.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1911        Oct 25, In Chicago Ada and Minna Everleigh closed their Everleigh Club, a high-end brothel, which they had begun in 1910. In 2007 Karen Abbott authored “Sin in the Second City: Madams, Ministers, Playboys, and the Battle for America's Soul."
    (WSJ, 1/7/07, p.P8)

1914        Oct 25, John Berryman, poet, was born.
    (HN, 10/25/00)

1916        Oct 25, German pilot Rudolf von Eschwege shot down his first enemy plane, a Nieuport 12 of the Royal Naval Air Service, over Bulgaria.
    (HN, 10/25/99)

1917          Oct 25(OS), In Russia Bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin seized power. Lenin (1870-1924) and Leon Trotsky (1879-1940), seized power from Russian socialist Alexander F. Kerensky (1881-1970) who had taken over the government in July of 1917. Kerensky sent troop on this day to shut down the Bolshevik press in Petrograd (Leningrad, St. Petersburg). Kerensky’s ministers at the Winter Palace surrendered in the face of Bolshevik armed might. [see Nov 7]

1918        Oct 25, In San Francisco 94 people perished from the Spanish flu.
    (SFC, 4/13/20, p.B2)
1918        Oct 25, The Canadian steamship Princess Sophia foundered off the coast of Alaska; some 350 people perished.
    (AP, 10/25/08)

1920          Oct 25, Alexander (27), king of Greece (1917-20), died following a pet monkey bite.

1923        Oct 25, The Teapot Dome scandal came to public attention as Senator Thomas J. Walsh of Montana, subcommittee chairman, revealed the findings of the past 18 months of investigation. His case would result in the conviction of Harry F. Sinclair of Mammoth Oil, and later Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall, the first cabinet member in American history to go to jail. The scandal, named for the Teapot Dome oil reserves in Wyoming, involved Fall secretly leasing naval oil reserve lands to private companies.
    (HN, 10/25/98)

1926        Oct 25, Galina Vishnevskaya, soprano (Madame Butterfly), was born in Leningrad.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1928          Oct 25, An American group, led by James A. Talbot of Richfield Oil, acquired control of the American airplane business of Anthony H.G. Fokker. Fokker (1890-1939), born in Java, had been a principal supplier of aircraft for the World War I German effort. In the 1920s the Fokker D-VII became the mainstay of the Dutch air force.
    (SFC, 10/24/03, p.E10)(

1929          Oct 25, Former US Interior Secretary Albert B. Fall was convicted of accepting a $100,000 bribe in connection with the Elk Hills Naval Oil Reserve in California. This conviction was in addition to the one he received for accepting kickbacks in conjunction with the Wyoming Teapot Dome Scandal. Fall served under Pres. Warren Harding, but it is unclear if Harding was aware of any wrongdoing. [see Oct 25, 1923]
    (AP, 10/25/97)(SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.7)(SFEC, 7/11/99, p.D9)

1931        Oct 25, The George Washington Bridge, linking New York City and New Jersey, opened to traffic. It was completed at a cost of $59 million and 12 lives. The US Post Office featured a commemorative stamp. It was described as the most beautiful bridge in the world.
    (, 9/3/98, p.A19)

1932        Oct 25, Mussolini promised to remain dictator for 30 years.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1938          Oct 25, Hankow, temporary capital of China, fell to the Japanese. The Chinese again moved their capital, this time to Chungking in the mountains above the Yangtze River.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1682)(DoD, 1999, p.452)

1939        Oct 25, George Kaufman and Moss Hart's "Man Who Came to Dinner," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 10/25/01)
1939        Oct 25, The drama "The Time of Your Life," by William Saroyan, opened in NYC.
    (AP, 10/25/97)

1940        Oct 25, The musical play “Cabin in the Sky" opened with an all black cast at the Martin Beck Theater on Broadway. It featured Katherine Dunham (1909-2006) and her dance troupe.
1940        Oct 25, Col. Benjamin O. Davis Sr. (1877-1970), commander of the 369th Infantry of New York, was promoted to brigadier general. In 1955 his son became the first black brigadier general in the Air Force. In 1989 Biographer Marvin Fletcher authored “America's First Black General, Benjamin O. Davis, Sr., 1880-1970." Fletcher presented evidence of Davis’ birth records indicating that he was born in May 1880 and later lied about his age so that he could enlist in the Army without the permission of his parents.
1940        Oct 25, German troops captured Kharkov and launched a new drive toward Moscow.
    (HN, 10/25/98)
1940        Oct 25, Hitler visited Mussolini in Florence.
    (SFC, 10/29/97, p.A23)
1940        Oct 25, The Greek Army beat back an invasion by Mussolini’s forces.
    (SFC, 10/29/97, p.A23)

1941        Oct 25, Anne Tyler, novelist, was born. Her work included “The Accidental Tourist" and  “Ladder of Years."
    (HN, 10/25/00)
1941        Oct 25, Germany attacked Moscow.
    (MC, 10/25/01)
1941        Oct 25, 16,000 Jews were massacred in Odessa, Ukraine. [see Oct 22-23]
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1942        Oct 25, In the 3rd day of battle at El Alamein (Egypt), the British continued an offensive move.
    (MC, 10/25/01)
1942        Oct 25, Battle of Henderson Field, Guadalcanal began.
    (MC, 10/25/01)
1942        Oct 25, Field marshal Erwin Rommel returned to North-Africa.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1943          Oct 25, Japanese forces held an official ceremony for the 415-km Thailand-Burma railroad. The rail was completed Oct 17 at Konkuita, Thailand.  During its construction, approximately 13,000 prisoners of war died and were buried along the “Death Railway." An estimated 80,000 to 100,000 civilians also died in the course of the project, chiefly forced labor brought from Malaya and the Dutch East Indies, or conscripted in Siam (Thailand) and Burma (Myanmar). The movie “The Bridge on the River Kwai" (1957) was a part of this effort and is today a big tourist attraction in Thailand.

1944        Oct 25, Japanese were defeated in the Straits of Surigao in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the world's largest sea engagement. From this point on, the depleted Japanese Navy increasingly resorted to the suicidal attacks of Kamikaze fighters.
    (HN, 10/25/98)(MC, 10/25/01)
1944        Oct 25, In eastern France near Bruyeres Sgt. Clyde Lee Choate (d.2001 at 81) destroyed a German Mark IV tank with 2 bazooka shots while under heavy fire. Choate was later awarded the Medal of Honor and served in the Illinois Legislature (1947-1967). Choate gave credit for the medal to his 601st Tank Destroyer Battalion.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.A21)

1945        Oct 25, Japanese surrendered Taiwan to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. Taiwan was returned to Chinese control following the Japanese occupation during WW II.
    (, 6/9/97, p.A8)

1946        Oct 25, Karl Popper spoke at Cambridge before the weekly meeting of the Moral Science Club on the subject: “Are There Philosophical Problems?" Ludwig Wittgenstein took issue with the presentation and a heated exchange followed. In 2001 David Edmonds and John Eidinow authored “Wittgenstein’s Poker: The Story of a Ten-Minute Argument Between Two Great Philosophers."
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.M3)

1949        Oct 25, Communist troops landed at the small village of Kuningt’ou (Kuningtou), hoping to capture Kinmen Island and prepare an assault on Taiwan. Nationalist Col. Lee Kuang-chi’en died in a 3-day battle, which turned back the communist assault. A plaque in honor of Col Lee was later changed, dropping references to anti-communism.
    (WSJ, 4/21/08, p.A14)(

1950        Oct 25, Chinese Communist Forces launched their first phase offensive across the Yalu River into North Korea.
    (HN, 10/25/98)
1950        Oct 25, Sukarno was appointed president of Republic Indonesia.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1951        Oct 25, Ransom Wilson, flutist and conductor, was born in Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
1951        Oct 25, In a general election, England's Labour Party under Clement Atlee lost to Conservatives. Winston Churchill became prime minister, and Anthony Eden became foreign secretary. The Conservatives and Labour together scooped 97% of the vote.
    (Econ., 2/21/15, p.12)(Econ, 5/9/15, p.52)
1951        Oct 25, Peace talks aimed at ending the Korean Conflict resumed in Panmunjom after 63 days.
    (AP, 10/25/97)

1954        Oct 25, President Eisenhower conducted the first televised Cabinet meeting.
    (HN, 10/25/98)

1955          Oct 25, Tappan sold its 1st home microwave oven for $1,295. It was in 1947 that the first commercial microwave oven hit the market. Amana introduced the Radarange, the first countertop, domestic oven in 1957. It was a 100-volt microwave oven, which cost just under $500 and was smaller, safer and more reliable than previous models.
1955        Oct 25, Austria resumed its sovereignty after the departure of last Allied occupation forces, for 1st time since German occupation of 1938.

1957        Oct 25, The movie musical "Pal Joey," starring Frank Sinatra, Rita Hayworth and Kim Novak, was released.
    (AP, 10/25/07)
1957        Oct 25, Mob boss Albert Anastasia, the "Lord High Executioner" of "Murder Inc.," was shot to death in a barber shop inside the Park Sheraton Hotel in New York.
    (AP, 10/25/07)

1958        Oct 25, The last U.S. troops left Beirut
    (HN, 10/25/98)

1960        Oct 25, Martin Luther King, Jr., was sentenced to four months in prison for a sit-in.
    (HN, 10/25/98)
1960        Oct 25, The 1st electronic wrist watch placed on sale in NYC.
    (MC, 10/25/01)
1960        Oct 25, Cuba nationalized all remaining US businesses.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1961        Oct 25, Peter Jensen (75), co-inventor of the loud speaker, died.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1962        Oct 25, American author John Steinbeck was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1392)(AP, 10/25/97)
1962        Oct 25, U.S. ambassador Adlai E. Stevenson presented photographic evidence of Soviet missile bases in Cuba to the U.N. Security Council. Ambassador Adlai E. Stevenson demanded USSR and Zorin answer regarding Cuban missile bases saying "I am prepared to wait for my answer until hell freezes over."
    (AP, 10/25/97)(MC, 10/25/01)

1963        Oct 25, Anti-Kennedy "WANTED FOR TREASON" pamphlets scattered in Dallas.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1970        Oct 25, In Chile a US CIA-backed kidnapping attempt was botched and left Gen. Rene Schneider dead. Schneider had opposed a US plan for a military coup. In 2001 his widow and 3 sons filed a suit against Henry Kissinger, Richard Helms and several other former US bureaucrats.
    (SFC, 9/12/01, p.C4)(

1971        Oct 25, The TV show “The Electric Company" premiered providing an advance for children raised on Sesame Street.
    (NW, 11/11/02, p.56)(
1971        Oct 25, Midori Goto, Japanese violinist, was born in Osaka.
    (HN, 10/25/00)(
1971        Oct 25, The UN General Assembly voted to admit the People’s Republic of China and expel Nationalist China (Taiwan).
    (AP, 10/25/97)(

1973        Oct 25, Pres. Nixon put U.S. troops on high alert for just under a week to show the Soviet Union that America would not allow it to send forces to aid Arab states fighting Israel.
    (AP, 1/1/04)

1974        Oct 25, The US Air Force fired its 1st ICBM. The Space and Missile Systems Organization (SAMSO) successfully launched a Minuteman I from a C-5A cargo aircraft.

1975        Oct 25, Vladimir Herzog (b.1937), Croatia-born Jewish journalist, was murdered by Brazil’s military regime.
    (Econ, 11/27/04, p.37)(

1976        Oct 25, Gov. Wallace of Alabama granted full pardon to Clarence Norris, the last known survivor of 9 Scottsboro Boys who were convicted in a 1931 rape.
1976        Oct 25, Raymond Queneau (b.1903), Parisian surrealist, died. His work included the prewar novel "Les Enfants du Limon." In 1998 it was translated to English as "Children of Clay."
    (SFEC, 8/2/98, BR p.4)(

1978        Oct 25, The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) of 1978 became public law. It prescribed procedures for requesting judicial authorization for electronic surveillance and physical search of persons engaged in espionage or international terrorism against the US on behalf of a foreign power. The FISA court was created to approve or deny government requests to listen to foreigners’ calls on the ground of national security.
    (, 6/15/13, p.23)

1979        Oct 25, In Michigan US District Court Judge John Feikens, in Glover v. Johnson, ruled in favor granting women prisoners a constitutional right to court access and to parity in educational and vocational training. He granted declaratory and injunctive relief to the plaintiffs, holding: 1) that the educational and vocational programs offered to women inmates were markedly poorer than those offered to male inmates and this parity denied equal protection; 2) that the record demonstrated the constitutional inadequacy of the assistance given by the state to ensure the free exercise of the women inmates’ right of access to the courts; and 3) that the state’s use of a county jail as a temporary overflow facility was prohibited by the mandate of the state legislature setting the minimum conditions of confinement.
    (LSA, Fall, 2007, p.44)(
1979        Oct 25, In Texas Johnny Penry raped and stabbed to death Pamela Mosely Carpenter (22). Penry, said to have an IQ of 51-63, was convicted of murder and faced execution in 2000. The US Supreme Court blocked the Nov. execution. The US Supreme Court overturned his death sentence in 2001 due to flawed instructions in his initial conviction.
    (, 6/5/01, p.A1)

1980        Oct 25, The Hague Convention was concluded. It is a multilateral treaty developed by the Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH) that provides an expeditious method to return a child internationally abducted by a parent from one member country to another. It entered into force between the signatories on 1 December 1983. As of May 2017, 97 states are party to the convention.
    (, 2/7/09, p.22)

1981          Oct 25, Ariel Durant (83), US author, died. She was co-author and collaborator on several of her husband’s (Will Durant: 1885-1981) works. They received the Pulitzer Prize for the eleven volume series: “The Story of Civilization" (1935-1975). Born Chaya, which means "life" (Ida in English) Kaufman on May 10, 1898 in Proskurov (now Khmelnitski) Russia to Jewish parents, she immigrated with her mother, three sisters and older brother to the US, landing in New York in November of 1901. She married Will in 1913 when she was 15 and he was 28, and preceded him in death by a matter of days.

1983        Oct 25, Some 1,800 US Marines and Rangers, assisted by 300 soldiers from six Caribbean nations, invaded Grenada at the order of President Reagan, who said the action was needed to protect US citizens there. Protection for the American students at St. George’s Medical School was a pretext for the invasion. 45 Grenadians were killed along with 29 Cubans and 19 Americans. This day later became celebrated as Grenada’s Thanksgiving Day.
    (AP, 10/25/97)(SFC, 7/25/98, p.A10)(SFC, 8/3/98, p.A8)(HN, 10/25/98)(SFC, 3/12/07, p.B4)

1984        Oct 25, The genetic organization of the Hepatitis B virus was published.

1985        Oct 25, Morton Downey (b.1901), popular singer and TV host for “Star of the Family" (1950s) died.

1986        Oct 25, Michael Sergio parachuted into Shea Stadium during game 6 of the World Series. In December he was fined $500 and sentenced to 100 hours of community service. In game 6 a slowly hit ball trickled through the legs of Bill Buckner and cost the Red Sox the game. They lost game 7 and the NY Mets won the series.
    (WSJ, 7/23/98, p.A1)(

1987        Oct 25, The Minnesota Twins won their first World Series championship, beating the St. Louis Cardinals 4-2 in game seven.
    (AP, 10/25/97)

1987        Oct 25, In China Deng Xiaoping stepped down from all but the top military post.
    (SFC, 2/20/96, p.A4)

1988        Oct 25, ABC News reported on potbellied pygmy porkers' popularity as pets.
1988        Oct 25, First lady Nancy Reagan, addressing a U.N. committee, said the United States was responsible for its own drug problem, and charged that every American drug user was "an accomplice to every criminal act" committed by drug barons.
    (AP, 10/25/98)

1989        Oct 25, Novelist and critic Mary McCarthy (b.1912) died in New York at age 77. Her work included: “The Company She Keeps," "Memoirs of a Catholic Girlhood," "The Group," and "Ideas and the Novel." In 2000 Frances Kiernan authored the biography "Seeing Mary Plain."
    (AP, 10/25/99)(WSJ, 3/17/00, p.W9)(SFEC, 4/30/00, BR p.3)
1989        Oct 25, Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev began a three-day visit to Finland.
    (AP, 10/25/99)

1990        Oct 25, Evander Holyfield knocked out Buster Douglas in the third round of their fight in Las Vegas to become the undisputed heavyweight champion of the world.
    (AP, 10/25/00)
1990        Oct 25, Defense Secretary Dick Cheney said the Pentagon was laying plans to send as many as 100-thousand more troops to Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 10/25/00)
1990        Oct 25, NY Daily News went on strike. It lasted through March, 1991.

1991        Oct 25, American rock-and-roll impresario Bill Graham was killed in a helicopter crash near Highway 37 outside Vallejo, in Sonoma County, Ca. Also killed were his girlfriend, Melissa Gold, and pilot, Steve Kahn. A memorial concert in GG Park drew some 300,000 people with music by the Grateful Dead; Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young; John Fogerty; Bobby McFerrin; and Robin Williams.
    (,12/13/97, p.A15)(AP, 10/25/01)(SSFC, 5/6/18, DB p.50)
1991        Oct 25, Israel named a hard-line delegation to the Middle East peace conference.
    (AP, 10/25/01)

1992        Oct 25, Independent presidential candidate Ross Perot, explaining why he had abandoned his White House bid in July, publicly accused the Republican Party of plotting to disrupt his business operations and his daughter's wedding. White House spokesman Marlin Fitzwater called the charges "loony" and "crazy."
    (AP, 10/25/97)
1992        Oct 25, Singer-songwriter Roger Miller (56) died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 10/25/02)       

1993        Oct 25, Actor Vincent Price died in Los Angeles at age 82.
    (AP, 10/25/98)
1993        Oct 25, Canada's Liberal Party ended nine years of rule by the Progressive Conservatives in national elections; Liberal leader Jean Chretien became the 20th Prime Minister, succeeding Kim Campbell.
    (CFA, '96, p.81)(AP, 10/25/98)
1993        Oct 25, Francisco Velis, El Salvador guerilla leader (FMLN), was murdered.

1994        Oct 25, President Clinton began a five-day trip to the Mideast.
    (AP, 10/25/99)
1994        Oct 25, Susan Smith drowned her 2 sons when she let her car roll into John D. Long Lake in South Carolina. Smith of Union, S.C., claimed that a black carjacker had driven off with her two sons and later confessed to drowning the children in John D. Long Lake. She was convicted of murder. On Aug 31, 1996 three adults and 4 children drowned at the same location when their car rolled into lake by accident.
    (SFC, 9/2/96, p.D5)(AP, 10/25/99)
1994        Oct 25, Three defendants were convicted in South Africa of murdering American exchange student Amy Biehl.
    (AP, 10/25/99)

1995        Oct 25, "Victor/Victoria," opened at Marquis Theater NYC for 738 performances.
1995        Oct 25, The Atlanta Braves defeated the Cleveland Indians 5-to-2, taking a three-games-to-one lead in the World Series.
    (AP, 10/25/00)
1995        Oct 25, John J. Sweeney was elected AFL-CIO president. He soon pledged to his 13 million members “We will not be a rubber stamp of the Democrats."
    (AP, 10/25/00)(Econ, 5/14/05, p.32)
1995        Oct 25, A commuter train slammed into a school bus in Fox River Grove, Illinois, killing seven students.
    (AP, 10/25/00)
1995        Oct 25, Tennis hustler Bobby Riggs died in Leucadia, California, at age 77.
    (AP, 10/25/00)
1995        Oct 25, In Sri Lanka the Tamil Tiger rebels struggled to halt an army offensive in their Jaffna stronghold.
    (WSJ, 10/26/95, p.A-1)

1996        Oct 25, The opera Florencia en el Amazonas premiered in Houston. It was composed by Daniel Catan of Mexico with libretto by Marcela Fuentes-Berain.
    (WSJ, 11/1/96, p.A11)
1996        Oct 25, Federal Judge Richard Matsch granted Oklahoma City bombing defendants Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols separate trials rather than let one man drag the other down in the same trial.
    (AP, 10/25/97)
1996        Oct 25, In Canada protestors opposed to spending cuts in Toronto shut down the mass transit system. Ontario Premier Mike Harris planned to cut the provincial budget by 20% in order to wipe out the deficit by the turn of the century.
    (SFC, 10/26/96, p.A8)
1996        Oct 25, The UN announced an emergency food airlift to eastern Zaire to help 300,000 Hutu refugees fleeing violence.
    (SFC, 10/26/96, p.A8)
1996        Oct 25, The US held back $100 million in arms until Bosnia cuts its ties to Iran. M-60 tanks, M-111 armored personnel carriers and 50,000 small arms, ammunition and supplies were part of the deal.
    (SFC, 10/28/96, p.A10)

1997        Oct 25, The Cleveland Indians avoided elimination in the World Series by defeating the Florida Marlins, 4-1, in game six.
    (AP, 10/25/98)
1997        Oct 25, The Million Woman March was in Philadelphia to revitalize black families and communities drew an estimated 300,000 to one million people.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.A3)(SFEC, 10/26/97, p.A1)(AP, 10/25/98)
1997        Oct 25, A blizzard hit the western Plains and dropped up to 3 feet of snow. Colorado Gov. Roy Romer declared a state of emergency.
    (SFEC, 10/26/97, p.A4)
1997        Oct 25, Congo’s Pres. Kabila and the US ambassador to the UN announced an agreement for a UN investigation into alleged massacres by Kabila’s army.
    (SFEC, 10/26/97, p.A22)
1997        Oct 25, In the Republic of Congo (Congo-Brazzaville) Gen. Dennis Sassou-Nguesso was sworn in as president, with the stated aim of achieving "national reconciliation" in the former French colony.
    (SFEC, 10/26/97, p.A22)(AFP, 5/14/19)
1997        Oct 25, Israeli soldiers fired tear gas and rubber bullets at stone-throwing Palestinians who were marching for the release of Palestinian prisoners. Some 3,000 Palestinian political prisoners were being held by Israel and a third have never been tried.
    (SFEC, 10/26/97, p.A24)
1997        Oct 25, In Norway it was reported that a new 8-mile tunnel outside of Oslo was draining water from nearby lakes at the rate of 10,000 gallons a minute. The sealing compound Rhoca-Gil was supposed to stop the leaks, but its use in Sweden had already caused water to be contaminated with acrylamide, an agent that causes nerve damage. In Sweden construction of a controversial tunnel was halted when water draining from the tunnel was found to be contaminated by the sealing compound, Rhoca-Gil.
    (SFC, 10/24/97, p.A11)
1997        Oct 25, In Northern Ireland a small bomb exploded under the car seat of Glen Greer (28) in Belfast and killed him as the car burst into flames. It was the first political killing in three months.
    (SFEC, 10/26/97, p.A20)
1997        Oct 25, In the Republic of Congo Gen. Dennis Sassou-Nguesso was sworn in as president.
    (SFEC, 10/26/97, p.A22)
1997        Oct 25, In Sri Lanka government troops seized 965 ethnic Tamils for questioning over an earlier truck bombing. Rebels in the northeast attacked a military post that left 6 soldiers and three rebels dead.
    (SFEC, 10/26/97, p.A21)

1998        Oct 25, US Congress passed the Chemical Weapons Convention Implementation Act.
    (Econ, 6/7/14, p.35)(
1998        Oct 25, Thousands came to Oklahoma City for the ground-breaking ceremony of a memorial to the 1995 bombing of the Murrah Federal Building. Vice President Al Gore participated.
    (SFC, 10/26/98, p.A3)(AP, 10/25/99)
1998        Oct 25, In Chechnya Shadid Bargishev (27), the top anti-kidnapping official, was killed in a remote-controlled car bombing. He was about as to begin a major offensive on hostage takers.
    (SFC, 10/26/98, p.A7)
1998        Oct 25, In Israel West Bank settlers formally broke ties with Prime Minister Netanyahu over the new peace accord. In Ramallah Wasim Tarifi (17) was killed during a Fatah youth protest.
    (SFC, 10/26/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 25, NATO generals left Belgrade with more assurances from Pres. Milosevic that enough forces will be withdrawn by the 27th deadline to avoid air strikes.
    (SFC, 10/26/98, p.A6)

1999        Oct 25, The 31st Booker Prize in Literature was won by J.M. Coetzee of South Africa for his novel "Disgrace." He became the 1st author to win the prize twice. He won in 1983 for the novel "Live and Times of Michael K."
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.G2)
1999        Oct 25, Pres. Clinton signed a $267.7 billion Pentagon spending bill.
    (WSJ, 10/26/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 25, Republican presidential candidate Pat Buchanan bolted the GOP to mount a bid for the Reform Party nomination.
    (AP, 10/25/00)
1999        Oct 25, Intel introduced its code-named Coppermine chip as the new Pentium III with speeds up to 500 megahertz. The internal circuitry was squeezed to .18 micron.
    (SFC, 10/25/99, p.B1)
1999        Oct 25, It was reported that the chiru, a goat from the high Tibetan plateau, was seriously endangered and down to some 75,000. The animal's hide is used to make expensive shahtoosh shawls.
    (WSJ, 10/25/99, p.A1,15)
1999        Oct 25, Payne Stewart (42), a professional golfer, was killed with 2 agents and 2 pilots when their Lear Jet crashed near Mina, South Dakota. The plane had flown for hours on autopilot before it crashed.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/26/99, p.A1)
1999        Oct 25, In Albania Prime Minister Pandeli Majko planned to resign due to his loss to become the Socialist Party leader earlier in the month.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.B2)
1999        Oct 25, In Bosnia some 30,000 people streamed into Serajevo to protest for job protection and an end to corruption.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.B2)
1999        Oct 25, Iraq reported that 2 civilians were killed and 7 people wounded when US and British jets attacked sites in the northern no-fly zone.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.B2)
1999        Oct 25, Israel opened a 34-mile safe-passage corridor from the Gaza Strip to the West Bank as Pres. Barak visited Turkey to boost military cooperation and economic ties.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.A10,B2)
1999        Oct 25, An Israeli soldier shot and killed a Palestinian souvenir vendor, Mousa Abu Hilail, near Rachel's tomb. Two days of rioting followed.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 25, In Kashmir Indian troops killed 4 Pakistani soldiers with artillery and small arms in the mountainous Uri sector.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.C2)
1999        Oct 25, In Kyrgyzstan 4 Japanese geologists were freed after 2 months of captivity. A $2-5 million ransom was suspected.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 25, In Pakistan Gen. Musharraf announced that he would head the formation of a 7-person National Security Council to run the country until elections.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.A12)
1999        Oct 25, In Tunisia Pres. Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali won a 3rd term in office with over 99% of the vote. It was the nation's first multiparty presidential vote.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.B2)
1999        Oct 25, The UN Security Council voted to send 8,950 peacekeepers, 1,640 police officers and 200 military observers to oversee the East Timor transition to independence.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.A10)

2000        Oct 25, Europe with support from Canada and Japan announced a $280 million support package for Colombian efforts to make peace with leftist rebels.
    (SFC, 10/26/00, p.D8)
2000        Oct 25, In the Ivory Coast a people’s revolt forced Gen. Robert Guei out of power. Laurent Gbagbo (55) of the Ivorian Popular Front was introduced over state TV as the new head of state.
    (SFC, 10/26/00, p.A16)
2000        Oct 25, In Peru Pres. Fujimori ordered the arrest of Vladimiro Montesinos.
    (WSJ, 10/26/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 25, In the Philippines 3 Malaysian hostages held by rebels were rescued on Jolo Island.
    (SFC, 10/25/00, p.A16)(SFC, 10/26/00, p.D8)
2000        Oct 25, Russian divers began to recover bodies from the Kursk submarine, which sank Aug 12. A note was found that indicated 23 men had survived the initial accident but were unable to escape.
    (SFC, 10/26/00, p.A16)(SFC, 10/27/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 25, A Russian plane with at least 75 passengers and crew crashed while trying to land in Georgia. All were feared dead.
    (SFC, 10/26/00, p.D8)
2000        Oct 25, In Sierra Leone the 1,800 man peacekeeping contingent from Jordan began to withdraw and charged that rich nations were not doing their share.
    (WSJ, 10/26/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 25, In Sri Lanka some 3000 Sinhala villagers in Bindunuwewa attacked a Tamil rebel child rehabilitation center and killed 26 ex-fighters (14-25). They were angered when the child soldiers took hostage a Sinhalese officer.
    (SFC, 10/26/00, p.D8)(Econ, 7/18/09, p.40)
2000        Oct 25, In Zimbabwe the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) presented articles of impeachment against Pres. Mugabe.
    (SFC, 10/26/00, p.A16)

2001        Oct 25, A day after the House signed on, the Senate sent President Bush a package of anti-terror measures giving police sweeping new powers to search people's homes and business records secretly and to eavesdrop on telephone and computer conversations.
    (AP, 10/25/02)
2001        Oct 25, A State Dept. mail worker in Virginia was diagnosed with the inhalational form of anthrax.
    (SFC, 10/26/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 25, American warplanes dropped cluster bombs for the 1st time on Taliban front lines.
    (SFC, 10/26/01, p.A18)
2001        Oct 25, Operation Green Quest was the name given to a Treasury Dept. led task force headed by the Customs Service to crack down on financial sponsors of terrorism.
    (WSJ, 10/26/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 25, The Ford Motor Co. reached a settlement that would cost as much as $2.7 billion to replace a $4 ignition device prone to cause stalling.
    (SFC, 10/26/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 25, Microsoft introduced its new Windows XP operating system.
    (SFC, 10/26/01, p.B1)
2001        Oct 25, Israel withdrew from Beit Rama and pledged phased withdrawals if demands for a total cease-fire were met. Three Palestinians were killed in Bethlehem.
    (SFC, 10/26/01, p.D2)

2002        Oct 25, In Minnesota a small plane crash killed Sen. Paul Wellstone (58), his wife, daughter and 5 others. His re-election race was seen as critical to the balance of power in the Senate, where the Democrats held a 50-to-49 edge.
    (AP, 10/26/02)
2002        Oct 25, Peggy Moran (84), film actress, died. She made over 30 horror films in the 1930s and 1940s.
    (SFC, 11/2/02, p.A22)
2002        Oct 25, In Utah 2 F-16 fighter jets collided during training and 1 pilot survived. The 2nd pilot's body was found Oct 26.
    (SFC, 10/26/02, p.A5)(SSFC, 10/27/02, p.A20)
2002        Oct 25, Richard Harris (72), Irish film actor, died in London. His work included appearances in over 80 films.
    (SFC, 10/26/02, p.A2)(AP, 10/25/07)
2002        Oct 25, Australia's prime minister promised to give the world's 50 poorest countries better access to his nation's markets and called on other rich nations to do the same.
    (AP, 10/26/02)
2002        Oct 25, In Brazil unknown gunmen shot and killed eight people in the state of Sao Paulo in two killings. In the first six months of 2002, the state's Public Security Bureau registered 6,159 homicides.
    (AP, 10/26/02)
2002        Oct 25, Koki Ishii (61), a Japanese opposition lawmaker known for his aggressive probing into ruling party corruption scandals, was stabbed to death in what could be the nation's first political assassination in more than four decades. The Democratic Party politician was attacked in front of his home in central Tokyo by an unidentified man in his 50s who ran away.
    (AP, 10/25/02)
2002        Oct 25, In Kenya Pres. Daniel arap Moi announced the end of his 24-year rule, dissolved parliament and kicked off the campaign for a new elections.
    (SFC, 10/26/02, p.A6)
2002        Oct 25, Hurricane Kenna hit Mexico's Pacific coast and over 150 people were injured in the states of Jalisco, Nayarit and Sinaloa. 3 people were later reported killed. Damages were estimated in tens of millions.
    (SFC, 10/26/02, p.A7)(SSFC, 10/27/02, p.A20)
2002        Oct 25, Russia pledged not to kill Chechen guerrillas holding some 600 hostages in a Moscow theater if they freed all their captives. Chechens released eight children and then set a dawn Saturday deadline to begin killing the rest of their captives if Russia does not agree to pull its army out of Chechnya.
    (AP, 10/25/02)
2002        Oct 25, In Spain Jose Antonio Rodriguez Vega (44), a serial killer sentenced to 440 years in jail for raping and strangling 16 elderly widows, was murdered in prison. Two prisoners with makeshift knives attacked Vega in the courtyard of Topas jail in western Salamanca province.
    (AP, 10/25/02)

2003        Oct 25, The Florida Marlins beat the NY Yankees 2-0 at Yankee Stadium and won Baseball's World Series in 6 games.
    (SSFC, 10/26/03, p.B1)
2003        Oct 25, Trainer Richard Mandella won a record four races at the Breeders' Cup in Santa Anita, Ca.
    (AP, 10/25/08)
2003        Oct 25, Florida State's Bobby Bowden became the winningest coach in major college football history with his 339th victory as the Seminoles beat Wake Forest 48-24.
    (AP, 10/25/04)
2003        Oct 25, To chants of "Impeach Bush," thousands of anti-war protesters rallied in the nation's capital and delivered a scathing critique of President Bush and his Iraq policy.
    (AP, 10/25/04)
2003        Oct 25, A US-led coalition troops and Afghan militia killed 18 rebel fighters in a six-hour firefight in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/28/03)
2003        Oct 25, The USS Hartford, a fast attack submarine, went aground off La Maddalena, a tiny island off Sardinia's north coast that hosts a Naval support facility. 2 officers were later relieved of their commands over the incident.
    (AP, 11/13/03)
2003        Oct 25, In Afghanistan CIA operatives William Carlson, 43, of Southern Pines, N.C., and Christopher Glenn Mueller, 32, of San Diego were ambushed and killed near the village in Shkin in Paktika province while "tracking terrorists."
    (AP, 10/29/03)
2003        Oct 25, In northwestern China powerful twin tremors, minutes apart, killed nine people and leveled houses in Gansu province.
    (AP, 10/26/03)
2003        Oct 25, In Colombia voting began on a referendum proposed by Pres. Uribe that aimed to cut government spending, reduce the size of Congress and fight political corruption. Guerrillas attacked an army base, ambushed police and launched other attacks, killing 13 people. The referendum was seen as a test of President Alvaro Uribe's support.
    (AP, 10/25/03)
2003        Oct 25, An Italian court has ordered a crucifix removed from a classroom, where a law still requires public schools to display a cross.
    (AP, 10/26/03)
2003        Oct 25, Thousands of Jamaicans rioted near Montego Bay's airport, burning buses and blocking roads to protest the killings of two elderly men by police in an alleged shootout.
    (AP, 10/26/03)(Econ, 11/1/03, p.35)
2003        Oct 25, In Amman, Jordan, Faisal al-Fayez (51) was sworn in as the new PM along with 20 Cabinet members.
    (AP, 10/26/03)
2003        Oct 25, Secret police arrested YUKOS oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky, Russia's richest man, from his jet in Siberia and hauled him before a Moscow court where he was charged with massive fraud and tax evasion.
    (AP, 10/25/03)
2003        Oct 25, In southern Russia emergency workers rescued 33 cold and exhausted miners from the flooded Zapadnaya coal mine in Novoshakhtinsk, where they had been trapped for nearly two days. The location of 13 men remained unknown.
    (AP, 10/25/03)(SSFC, 10/26/03, p.A7)

2004        Oct 25, The Georgia Supreme Court unanimously threw out the state's hate crimes law, calling it overbroad and "unconstitutionally vague."
    (AP, 10/25/04)
2004        Oct 25, Hamid Karzai was assured of a majority in Afghanistan's election to become its first democratically chosen president. A close to final tally soon gave Karzai 55.4% of the vote.
    (AP, 10/25/04)(SFC, 10/28/04, p.A12)
2004        Oct 25, Suspected Islamic militants decapitated three soldiers in Algeria in an upsurge of violence during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.
    (AP, 10/27/04)
2004        Oct 25, Alberta’s Premier Ralph Klein called for a provincial election on Nov 22. His Conservative government held 73 of 83 legislature seats. Oil income stood to make it Canada’s 1st debt-free province.
    (Econ, 10/30/04, p.46)
2004        Oct 25, China’s state press reported that the population will grow to nearly 1.5 billion over the next 20 to 30 years.
    (AFP, 10/25/04)
2004        Oct 25, Cuba said that dollars will no longer be accepted at island businesses and stores in a dramatic change in how commercial transactions have been done here in more than a decade.
    (AP, 10/26/04)
2004        Oct 25, Egyptian authorities said a Palestinian refugee plotted the coordinated bombings targeting Israeli tourists at resorts in the Sinai and accidentally killed himself while carrying out the deadliest blast. Egypt announced it had arrested five of the nine men who bombed Red Sea resorts almost three weeks ago, saying the attackers used stolen cars packed with old war-time explosives and a washing-machine timer.
    (AP, 10/25/04)
2004        Oct 25, Hundreds of angry French farmers mounted blockades around the country to hold up fuel shipments in protest at soaring diesel and gasoline prices and to press their demands for government aid.
    (AP, 10/25/04)
2004        Oct 25, The UN nuclear agency warned that insurgents in Iraq may have obtained nearly 400 tons of missing explosives that can be used in the kind of car bomb attacks that have targeted U.S.-led coalition forces for months.
    (AP, 10/26/04)
2004        Oct 25, In Iraq bombs hit 4 coalition and Iraqi convoys killing at least 12 including an American and Estonian. Saboteurs blew up a pipeline feeding Iraq’s biggest refinery.
    (WSJ, 10/26/04, p.A1)
2004        Oct 25, Israeli troops killed 14 Palestinians in a Gaza raid.
    (WSJ, 10/26/04, p.A1)
2004        Oct 25, The Norwegian Shipowners Association threatened to lock out more oil and gas rig workers, a move analysts said could result in a near shutdown of the third-largest petroleum exporter's production and drive world oil prices even higher.
    (AP, 10/25/04)
2004        Oct 25, Typhoon Nock-ten hit Taiwan and at least 3 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 10/26/04, p.A1)
2004        Oct 25, In southern Thailand 78 people were suffocated or crushed to death after being arrested and packed into police trucks following a riot over the detentions of Muslims suspected of giving weapons to Islamic separatists. Over 1,300 people were packed in 6-wheeled trucks and taken on a 5-hour journey to barracks in Pattani province.
    (SFC, 10/27/04, p.A7)(AP, 10/25/05)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.52)

2005        Oct 25, In the World Series, the Chicago White Sox and the Houston Astros began playing Game 3, which turned into a 14-inning marathon that did not end until well after midnight with Chicago winning 7-5.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2005        Oct 25, The US State Dept. said all US passports will be implanted with computer chips starting in Oct 2006.
    (SFC, 10/26/05, p.C2)
2005        Oct 25, The US deported Mohammed Abouhalima (41) to Egypt. He had just finished serving an 8-year prison term after being convicted of helping his brother, Mahmoud, flee New York following the Feb. 26, 1993 attack that killed six people and wounded more than 1,000.
    (AP, 10/27/05)
2005        Oct 25, Antar Bey (23), son and designated heir of Black Muslim leader Yusuf Bey (d.2003), was shot and killed in Oakland, Ca., in what appeared to be either a car-jacking attempt or an assassination. On Nov. 8 police arrested Alfonza Phillips (20) and charged him with murder in the failed car-jacking. In 2007 Phillips was convicted of first degree murder and sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.
    (SFC, 10/27/05, p.B1)(SFC, 11/10/05, p.B4)(SFC, 11/20/07, p.D1)(SFC, 12/15/07, p.B3)
2005        Oct 25, In Afghanistan militants opened fire on a police vehicle near Kabul, killing two senior police officers who were teachers at a police academy.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, American and British warplanes pounded a southern Afghan mountain, killing suspected Taliban rebels. A provincial governor said at least 6 rebels were killed and 4 wounded.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 25-2005 Oct 26, Over 130 whales died in a mass stranding on a remote beach in Australia’s southern island state of Tasmania.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, Azerbaijan's President Ilham Aliyev ordered steps to ensure a November 6 parliamentary vote is fair after Washington voiced concern over a police crackdown in the oil-producing ex-Soviet state.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, Chhouk Rin, former Khmer Rouge field commander, was caught in northwestern Cambodia. In 1994 he was convicted in absentia for the murder of 3 Western backpackers.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 25, A Canadian court approved a $4.2 billion takeover of PetroKazakhstan by China's largest oil company, China National Petroleum Corp., clearing the final potential obstacle to China's biggest foreign acquisition yet.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 25, Carlyle, a private-equity firm, paid $375 million for an 85% stake in Xugong, China’s leading maker of construction machinery and became the 1st foreign buyout group to gain control of a big Chinese company.
    (Econ, 11/5/05, p.71)
2005        Oct 25, In southwest China a stampede on a stairwell at an elementary school in Tongjiang killed seven children and injured 37.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 25, A UN official said a bird flu outbreak sickened 2,100 geese in eastern China and killed about a quarter of them, the country's second outbreak reported in a week.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, President Alvaro Uribe accepted the resignation of Colombia's secret police chief and fired the agency's No. 2 amid reports of bitter infighting between the two.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, A rain-swollen river flooded Puerto Plata in the northern Dominican Republic, washing away houses and killing six people, including two children.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 25, The EU's highest court finally settled the fate of feta cheese, decreeing it a traditional Greek product deserving protection throughout the 25-nation bloc in a ruling that went against other European producers.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, Election officials said Iraq's constitution was adopted by a majority in a fair vote during the Oct. 15 referendum, as Sunni Arab opponents failed to muster enough support to defeat it.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, In southern Iraq an American soldier was killed in a vehicle accident near Camp Bucca. The death raised to at least 2,001 the number of members of the US military who have died since the beginning of the in March 2003, according to an Associated Press count.
    (AP, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 25, Al Qaeda's wing in Iraq said it had abducted two Moroccan embassy employees who had gone missing on their way from Jordan to Baghdad, according to a statement on a Web site.
    (Reuters, 10/26/05)
2005        Oct 25, Police in riot gear charged demonstrators in the streets near Italian PM Silvio Berlusconi's office as students protested university reforms sponsored by his conservative government.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, Pakistan’s Supreme Court banned making, selling and flying kites due to deaths from kite-flying rivalries during an annual kite flying festival. The ban was extended in December until at least the next meeting of the court on Jan. 26.
    (SSFC, 12/11/05, p.A2)
2005        Oct 25, A panel of experts highlighted the darker side of South Africa's booming wildlife industry and recommended a total ban on "canned hunting" — the release of captive-bred animals to be killed for sport with no chance of escaping their human predators.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, The UN said Sudanese refugees released 15 aid workers they had detained on Oct 23 in a crowded camp in the violent western Darfur region. Five Sudanese nongovernment organization employees were still being held.
    (AP, 10/25/05)
2005        Oct 25, A Venezuela military court sentenced 3 former Venezuelan military officers and 27 Colombians to prison terms ranging from two to nine years for an alleged plot in May 2004 to kill President Hugo Chavez.
    (AP, 10/26/05)

2006        Oct 25, President Bush conceded that the US is taking heavy casualties in Iraq and said, "I know many Americans are not satisfied with the situation" there. Bush said he would not put unbearable pressure on Iraq's leaders to end the bloodshed.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, A US federal judge ruled that Indiana’s do-not-call list applies to political telemarketers in a House race.
    (WSJ, 10/26/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 25, The US FDA approved Tyzeka, generically known as telbivudine, to help treat adults with chronic hepatitis B. It was developed by Idenix and Novartis.
    (SFC, 10/26/06, p.A9)
2006        Oct 25, New Jersey’s Supreme Court ruled that same-sex couples deserve the same privileges as heterosexuals, but left it up to lawmakers to define marriage.
    (SFC, 10/26/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 25, In Richmond, Ca., federal and local officers arrested 15 people on drug charges.
    (SFC, 10/26/06, p.B3)
2006        Oct 25, Florida executed Danny Rolling (52), an infamous serial killer. He was executed for butchering five college students in Gainesville in 1990.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 25, Texas executed Gregory Summers (48), a man convicted in the stabbing deaths of his parents and an uncle. He paid a hit man to kill his parents in 1990 in an attempt to collect their life insurance and an inheritance.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 25, Argentine prosecutors asked a federal judge to order the arrest of former Iranian President Hashemi Rafsanjani and seven others for the 1994 bombing of a Jewish cultural center that killed scores of people.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, Azerbaijan’s broadcasting chief said government authorities will bar Azerbaijan broadcasters from airing programs of the Voice of America, the BBC and Radio Liberty starting next year.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, A rights group said Burundi's spy agency has executed 38 people and arbitrarily detained 200 others since the Central African nation's new government came to power. New York-based Human Rights Watch accused President Pierre Nkurunziza’s year-old government of failing to prosecute those accused of extra-judicial killings.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, In Finland the US and the EU ended a 2-day meeting on cleaner energy. They agreed on tighter cooperation on renewable energy and other environmental policies despite splits over the UN’s Kyoto Protocol on global warming.
    (WSJ, 10/26/06, p.A6)
2006        Oct 25, French President Jacques Chirac and a delegation of French executives traveled to China in hopes of expanding trade with one of the world's largest economies.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, In India a crowded bus veered off a steep mountain road and plunged into the Teesta River, killing at least 25 people in the northeastern state of Sikkim.
    (AP, 10/26/06)
2006        Oct 25, A semiofficial news agency reported that Iran has expanded its controversial nuclear work by starting a second cascade of centrifuges to enrich uranium.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, Iraqi and US forces raided Sadr City, the stronghold of the feared Shiite militia led by radical anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, but PM Nouri al-Maliki disavowed the operation, saying he had not been consulted and insisting "that it will not be repeated." Four people were killed and 18 wounded in overnight fighting in the overwhelmingly Shiite eastern district. 6 people killed when a roadside bomb destroyed their vehicle in Balad Ruz.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, Robert Rosenberg (54), Boston-born Israeli writer, died of cancer in Tel Aviv, the Israeli daily Haaretz reported on its Web site. Rosenberg was a senior staff editor at the paper. Rosenberg was author of the 1991 New York Times notable thriller, "Crimes of the City," which was followed by 3 more books featuring the same protagonist, detective Avram Cohen. Rosenberg founded the Web site in 1995 as a source for information on Middle East peace efforts.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, In Nigeria angry villagers seized three Shell oil platforms in the volatile Niger Delta, forcing production to be shut down at each.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, The Philippine Supreme Court vetoed a move to change the presidential system to a unicameral parliamentary government, dealing a blow to President Gloria Arroyo's economic agenda.
    (AP, 10/25/06)
2006        Oct 25, Turkmenistan's President Saparmurat Niyazov announced that his energy-rich nation would provide citizens with natural gas and power free of charge through 2030.
    (AP, 10/25/06)

2007        Oct 25, President Bush visited Southern California, telling residents weary from five days of wildfires: "We're not going to forget you in Washington, D.C."
    (AP, 10/25/08)
2007        Oct 25, The Bush administration announced sweeping new sanctions against Iran, the harshest since the takeover of the US Embassy in 1979, charging anew that Tehran supports terrorism in the Middle East, exports missiles and is engaging in a nuclear build up.
    (AP, 10/25/07)
2007        Oct 25,     The US government issued a flurry of product-safety recalls affecting hundreds of thousands of Chinese-made children's toys and jewelry amid fresh concerns about lead paint.
    (AFP, 10/26/07)
2007        Oct 25,     Insurgents ambushed NATO-led forces in eastern Afghanistan, leaving two alliance troops dead and three others wounded in Kunar province. Army Staff Sgt. Salvatore Giunta was serving as a rifle team leader with Company B, 2nd Battalion, 503rd Infantry Regiment when an insurgent ambush split his squad into two groups in the Korengal Valley. Giunta exposed himself to enemy fire to pull a fellow soldier back to cover and engaged the enemy again when he saw two insurgents carrying away a wounded soldier, Sgt. Joshua C. Brennan (22) of McFarland, Wis. Giunta killed one insurgent and wounded the other before tending to Brennan, who died the next day. In 2010 Giunta became the 8th US service member to receive the Medal of Honor during operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. The seven previous medals were awarded posthumously.
    (AP, 10/26/07)(AP, 9/11/10)
2007        Oct 25, An Airbus 380, the world's largest jetliner, made aviation history, completing its first commercial flight from Singapore to Sydney with 455 passengers, some of them ensconced in luxury suites and double beds.
    (AP, 10/25/07)
2007        Oct 25, The Canadian dollar shot to a 33-year high against a broadly weaker US dollar, as oil and gold prices firmed, giving the commodities-based currency a boost.
    (AP, 10/25/07)
2007        Oct 25, In Chad 9 French citizens were arrested after a group tried to fly 103 African children to France, saying it wanted to save them from the crisis in neighboring Darfur. On Oct 29 six French nationals were charged with kidnapping and a judge in the eastern city of Abeche also agreed to allow prosecution charges of complicity against three French journalists.
    (AP, 10/26/07)(AP, 10/30/07)
2007        Oct 25, The Industrial and Commercial Bank of China announced that it was buying 20% of Standard Bank in South Africa for $5.6 billion.
    (Econ, 11/3/07, p.80)
2007        Oct 25, Rebels in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo set new conditions for disarming, stalling the surrender of hundreds of fighters who have begun massing near a designated UN camp.
    (Reuters, 10/25/07)
2007        Oct 25, Amnesty International said human rights violations in the Russian region of Ingushetia have increased with a surge in abductions and beatings.
    (AP, 10/25/07)
2007        Oct 25, Ahmed al-Janabi (45), a Sunni schoolteacher, was seized from his car in Baghdad, then shot to death by suspected Shiite militia fighters.
    (AP, 10/25/07)
2007        Oct 25,     Irish PM Bertie Ahern gave himself a hefty pay increase, putting his salary higher than both President Bush and British Prime Minister Gordon Brown.
    (AP, 10/25/07)
2007        Oct 25, Suu Kyi, detained since May 2003, met with a newly appointed Myanmar government official as part of a UN-brokered attempt to nudge her and the military junta toward reconciliation. At least 70 people detained by the military government following protests in Myanmar, including 50 members of pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi's party, were released.
    (AP, 10/26/07)
2007        Oct 25,     Niger's Tuareg-led rebels allegedly killed at least 12 soldiers and destroyed two army vehicles in the desert north of the central African country, but the military denied this.
    (Reuters, 10/27/07)
2007        Oct 25, In southwest Nigeria 17 people were killed when a passenger bus collided with an oncoming truck on a road.
    (AFP, 10/26/07)
2007        Oct 25, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide car bomber hit a truck carrying Frontier Constabulary paramilitary troops through a crowded area of Mingora, killing 19 soldiers and a civilian, and wounding 35 people.
    (AP, 10/26/07)
2007        Oct 25,     In the Philippines Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo pardoned Joseph Estrada (70), the ousted former president and action hero. He was convicted last month on graft charges and given a life sentence. He had been under house arrest since 2001.
    (AP, 10/26/07)
2007        Oct 25,     In northern Syria authorities hanged five men for murders they committed during attempted robberies.
    (AP, 10/25/07)
2007        Oct 25, A senior security official said Yemen has set free Jamal al-Badawi, one of the al-Qaida masterminds of the USS Cole bombing in 2000 that killed 17 American sailors. Al-Badawi was granted his freedom after turning himself in 15 days ago and pledging loyalty to Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh.
    (AP, 10/25/07)
2007        Oct 25,     Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe launched an intelligence academy named after him, saying it would produce officers able to counter growing threats from Western powers.
    (Reuters, 10/26/07)

2008        Oct 25, The United States announced a pledge of an additional $320 million to the global fight against bird flu at a conference in Egypt. The US also warned against complacency in combating the virus, which could mutate and cause a deadly pandemic.
    (Reuters, 10/25/08)
2008        Oct 25, Anne Pressly (26), an Arkansas KATV anchorwoman, died in Little Rock several days after she didn't answer her wake-up call and was found brutally beaten in her home. On Nov 26 officers arrested suspect Curtis Lavelle Vance (28) at a home in Little Rock. Vance was convicted of murder on Nov 11, 2009.
    (AP, 10/26/08)(AP, 11/27/08)(SFC, 11/12/09, p.A6)
2008        Oct 25, Martin A. Pomerantz (91), astrophysicist, died. In 1979 he built a telescope at the South Pole and propelled the new field of helio-seismology. In 1995 the National Science Foundation dedicated the Martin A. Pomerantz Observatory in Antarctica.
    (SSFC, 11/2/08, p.B3)(WSJ, 11/15/08, p.A4)
2008        Oct 25, An Afghan guard killed a Briton and a South African, 2 top officials working for international courier company DHL, and them himself in a shoot out in Kabul. A senior police official said an argument had erupted between the foreigners and some Afghans and it was not a Taliban attack.
    (AP, 10/26/08)(SSFC, 10/26/08, p.A20)
2008        Oct 25, In China the 2-day ASEM economic summit closed. 43 Asian and European leaders pledged around $4 trillion to support banks and restart money markets to try to stem the global crisis. This was ASEM’s 7th biennial gathering since 1996.
    (Reuters, 10/25/08)(Econ, 11/1/08, p.49)
2008        Oct 25, In Georgia an explosion killed Gia Mebonia, mayor of the small town of Mujhava, while he was inspecting a house damaged by overnight shelling near the separatist region of Abkhazia. A villager was also killed and a local police officer was seriously injured.
    (AP, 10/25/08)
2008        Oct 25, Police in India arrested more than 1,000 students in eastern Bihar state after their protests over the release on bail of a firebrand politician turned violent.
    (AP, 10/25/08)
2008        Oct 25, About 300 Shiites rallied in the southern city of Basra against a security pact being negotiated that allows US troops to stay in Iraq for three more years. In Baghdad, bombs killed an Iraqi army brigadier general and a soldier.
    (AP, 10/25/08)
2008        Oct 25, In Mexico soldiers and federal police arrested Eduardo Arellano Felix (52), a reputed leader of the Tijuana-based Arellano Felix cartel, after a shootout in the border city across from San Diego.
    (AP, 10/26/08)
2008        Oct 25, Pirates stormed and ransacked a French vessel in Nigeria's restive oil-rich south but there were no casualties.
    (AFP, 10/25/08)
2008        Oct 25, Nearly 600 newly trained Palestinian troops took up positions in Hebron. In the Gaza Strip, three Palestinians were killed when a smuggling tunnel linking Gaza to Egypt collapsed. In the West Bank, a 23-year-old Palestinian was seriously wounded by Israeli army fire during a clash in the refugee camp of Fara.
    (AP, 10/25/08)
2008        Oct 25, Pakistan's army captured Loi Sam a key militant stronghold in the Bajur region near the Afghan border, a breakthrough in a bloody push against the Taliban and al-Qaida. The offensive launched in early August has claimed the lives of some 1,500 suspected militant, 73 soldiers and 95 civilians.
    (AP, 10/25/08)(SSFC, 10/26/08, p.A20)
2008        Oct 25, In the Philippines communist guerrillas, disguised as anti-narcotics agents, barged into a poorly guarded prison in Quezon province southeast of Manila and freed seven of their comrades in a daring 15-minute attack staged without firing a shot.
    (AP, 10/26/08)
2008        Oct 25, Muslim Magomayev (66), an Azeri-born Soviet-era opera and pop singer, died in Moscow. His fame was at its peak in the 1960s and 70s.
    (AP, 10/25/08)
2008        Oct 25, A gunman shot dead a Somali woman employee in the latest of a string of attacks on the humanitarian community. Duniya Sheik Daud was the 15th aid worker killed so far this year in Somalia.
    (AP, 10/25/08)
2008        Oct 25, Tens of thousands of opposition supporters marched through Taiwan's capital to protest an upcoming visit by a senior Chinese envoy, saying the trip was part of Chinese efforts to assert control over the self-ruled island.
    (AP, 10/25/08)

2009        Oct 25, The New York Yankees, baseball's biggest spenders, finally cashed in with their first pennant in six years, beating the Los Angeles Angels 5-2 in Game 6 of the AL championship series behind the savvy pitching of Andy Pettitte.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 25, In California a fire broke out in the Santa Cruz Mountains between Morgan Hill and Sant Cruz. The Loma Fire covered 485 acres and was only 20% contained. The Loma Fire was fully contained on Oct 27.
    (SFC, 10/26/09, p.A1)(SFC, 10/28/09, p.A9)
2009        Oct 25, Lawrence Halprin (b.1916), SF Bay Area landscape architect, died. His work included the design of San Francisco’s Ghirardelli Square in 1968 and the FDR Memorial in Washington DC, completed in 1997.
    (SFC, 10/27/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 25, In Florida Jeffry Picower (67) was found by his wife at the bottom of a pool at the couple's sprawling oceanside Palm Beach mansion. He had suffered a heart attack and died a short time later at a nearby hospital. He was accused of making more than $7 billion off the investment schemes of jailed financial manager Bernard Madoff.
    (AP, 10/26/09)(SFC, 10/27/09, p.A4)
2009        Oct 25, Seymour Fromer (87), founder of the Berkeley-based Judah Magnes Museum, died. Fromer learned of Judah Magnes (1877-1948), the first ordained rabbi in California, in an 1894 Oakland high school yearbook.
    (SFC, 11/6/09, p.C5)(
2009        Oct 25, Henry P. Becton, Sr. (b.1914), former Chairman of the Board for Becton Dickinson Corp., died at his home in Maine. He was the son of BD co-founder Maxwell W. Becton and saw BD grow from 600 associates and sales of $2.5 million to 29,000 associates and over $7 billion in annual sales.
    (Echo, 12/09, p.1)
2009        Oct 25, In Afghanistan 2 American service members died, one in a bomb attack in the east, and another wounds sustained in an insurgent attack in the same region.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 25, In Honduras the body of Enzo Micheletti, the nephew of interim Honduran President Roberto Micheletti, was found in Choloma. He had been shot to death execution-style. The body of another, unidentified man was found nearby. Gunmen killed army Col. Concepcion Jimenez outside his home in Tegucigalpa. Honduras was noted for the highest homicide rate in Central America, much of it related to drugs.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 25, In Iran UN IAEA inspectors got their first look inside the Fordo uranium enrichment site 20 miles north of Qom, a once-secret uranium enrichment facility that has raised Western suspicions about the extent of Iran's nuclear program.
    (AP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 25, In Iraq 2 suicide car bombs exploded in downtown Baghdad, killing 155 people. The car bombs targeted the Justice Ministry and the Baghdad provincial administration. The explosions also injured some 500 people who were taken to six area hospitals. 11 army officers and 50 security officials were soon taken into custody over the bombings. Three jailed suspects in the bombings later said they filmed the targeted buildings before the attack and escorted the car bombs in a convoy into Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/25/09)(AP, 10/26/09)(AP, 10/30/09)(AP, 11/22/09)
2009        Oct 25, Israeli forces stormed Jerusalem's holiest shrine, firing stun grenades to disperse hundreds of stone-throwing Palestinian protesters in a fresh eruption of violence at the most volatile spot in the country.
    (AP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 25, In Italy 4 policemen were questioned for allegedly attempting to blackmail opposition leader Piero Marrazzo (51). The case centered on widespread media reports that a video shows the center-left politician in the company of a transsexual in a Rome apartment.
    (AP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 25, Energy giant BP signed a deal with Jordan to explore for natural gas reserves in the Risheh field near the border with Iraq in an investment that could reach billions of dollars.
    (AFP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 25, Oil-rich Nigeria's main militant group (MEND) called an indefinite cease-fire to encourage dialogue with the government.
    (AP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 25, In northeastern Pakistan a suicide bomber killed a police officer on a highway near Jhelum city, about 60 miles south of Islamabad. The man taken into custody told police they had planned to detonate the bomb in Lahore. A minister for education was fatally attacked by gunmen in Quetta, the capital of southwestern Baluchistan province. A nationalist group, the Baluchistan United Liberation Front, claimed responsibility. Taliban militants attacked a security post in Hangu district northwest of South Waziristan, killing one soldier.
    (AP, 10/25/09)(AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 25, In southern Russia Maksharip Aushev a prominent opposition activist in Ingushetia was shot and killed by unidentified gunmen in at least the third such killing in the North Caucasus region in just over three months. Aushev died when several assailants sprayed his vehicle with automatic gunfire from a passing car. A woman traveling with him was badly wounded in the attack on a road in the neighboring province of Kabardino-Balkariya.
    (AP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 25, In Somalia Islamist militants in the port town of Merca shot to death two men accused by fighters of spying for the weak government.
    (AP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 25, In Thailand Asian leaders heard competing plans from Australia and Japan for a massive EU-style community covering half the world's population as they wrapped up their annual East Asian summit. Thai PM Abhisit Vejjajiva said leaders of 16 Asian countries gave high priority to finding a new economic growth model to free half the world's population from merely serving as producers for the West.
    (AFP, 10/25/09)   
2009        Oct 25, Tunisians cast ballots for president and parliament in elections expected to hand another landslide victory to incumbent leader Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (73), who warned opponents they would face legal retaliation if they questioned the elections' fairness. Pres. Zine El Abidine Ben Ali was re-elected for a fifth 5-year term with an overwhelming 89% of the vote, his weakest performance yet but more than enough to show his solid grip on the nation.
    (AP, 10/25/09)(AP, 10/26/09)(Econ, 10/31/09, p.59)
2009        Oct 25, Uruguay held presidential elections. Voters faced a stark choice between: Jose "Pepe" Mujica (74), an ex-rebel who yearns to create enduring socialism or Luis Alberto Lacalle (69), a former center-right president (1990-1995) who privatized government services and wants to pull away from alliances with Latin American leftists. Mujica, the candidate of the governing leftist Broad Front coalition, got 47.5% of the votes, just below the majority needed to win outright. Conservative ex-president Luis Alberto LaCalle got 28.5%, and Pedro Bordaberry of the Colorado Party 17%.
    (AP, 10/25/09)(AP, 10/26/09)(Econ, 10/24/09, p.44)
2009        Oct 25, Pope Benedict XVI ended a three-week Vatican meeting on Africa with a call for peace and reconciliation among all people on the continent, regardless of ethnic and religious differences.
    (AP, 10/25/09)

2010        Oct 25, In Wyoming a single-engine plane disappeared after takeoff from the Jackson airport. The plane’s wreckage was found Nov 1. Luke Bucklin (40) of Minneapolis and his 3 sons were killed. Bucklin was co-founder of Sierra Bravo Corp., a web development company.
    (SFC, 11/1/10, p.A6)(SFC, 11/3/10, p.A5)
2010        Oct 25, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said that once or twice a year Iran gives his office $700,000 to $975,000 for official presidential expenses, and that Washington also provides "bags of money" because his office lacks funds. Gunmen seized a Dutch aid worker and his Afghan driver in Takhar province. The NATO-led International Security and Assistance Force (ISAF) said at least 15 insurgents were killed in a NATO raid and air strike targeting a Taliban commander overnight in southern Afghanistan. In Logar province a senior Taliban leader, who is believed to have played a role in the kidnapping and subsequent murder of two US sailors in July, was captured along with two of his associates. An air strike killed Qari Mahmad Umar, a senior leader of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, who was serving as a Taliban chief in the northern Takhar province where violence is on the rise.
    (AP, 10/25/10)(Reuters, 10/25/10)(AP, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 25, The Australian and Singapore stock exchanges announced an 8.3 billion dollar merger that would create one of the world's largest and most diversified financial trading hubs.
    (AFP, 10/25/10)(Econ, 10/30/10, p.78)   
2010        Oct 25, Bolivian President Evo Morales was in Tehran on a 3-day visit aimed at securing Iranian investment in the South American country.
    (AFP, 10/25/10)
2010        Oct 25, Toronto voters elected conservative Rob Ford as mayor of Canada's biggest city, tilting away from their recent liberal leanings and opting for his platform of small government, fewer taxes and big spending cuts.
    (Reuters, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 25, Omar Khadr, a Canadian prisoner at Guantanamo accused of killing an American soldier, pleaded to five charges including murder in a plea agreement with military authorities. Khadr had been facing a possible life sentence if convicted at a trial that was scheduled to start today. He was 15 at the time of his capture.
    (AP, 10/25/10)
2010        Oct 25, In Egypt a planned website, Harrasmap, will allow women to quickly report instances of harassment via text message or Twitter, to be loaded onto a digital map of Cairo to show hotspots and areas that might be dangerous for women to walk alone. The data will be shared with activists, media, and police. Cairo's online map will run off a platform called Ushahidi, an open-source software first developed to report violence in Kenya after 2008 elections there. Since then test models of it have run in South Africa, Gaza and India.
    (AP, 10/25/10)
2010        Oct 25, President Nicolas Sarkozy's government warned that strikes against pension reform have cost up to three billion euros and threaten to derail France's still fragile economy recovery. Finance Minister Christine Lagarde said the strikes are costing the economy up to euro400 million ($562 million) each day.
    (AFP, 10/25/10)(AP, 10/25/10)
2010        Oct 25, In Haiti gunmen shot up and robbed a bus carrying journalists covering the campaign of a presidential candidate, killing the driver and injuring a reporter.
    (AP, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 25, The leaders of India and Japan signed a broad agreement in Japan aimed at increasing trade and agreed to speed up talks toward a civilian nuclear energy deal despite sensitivity in Japan over India's past atomic test blasts. PM Naoto Kan and PM Manmohan Singh also agreed to speed up talks toward a civilian nuclear cooperation deal that would allow Japanese companies to export nuclear power generation technology and equipment to India.
    (AP, 10/25/10)
2010        Oct 25, In western Indonesia a 7.7 magnitude earthquake off Sumatra’s coast triggered a 10-foot (3m) tsunami that pounded remote island villages, killing over 400 people and leaving scores more missing.
    (AP, 10/26/10)(AP, 10/29/10)
2010        Oct 25, In Iraq masked gunmen in Baghdad stole more than $27,000 in cash intended for university workers' salaries in a daylight ambush of a money courier's car.
    (AP, 10/25/10)
2010        Oct 25, A senior Israeli settler official said that work has begun on up to 600 new homes in West Bank settlements since Israel lifted its curb on such construction Sep 26. Palestinian Pres. Mahmoud Abbas has said he will only resume talks once building restrictions are reimposed, arguing there is no point negotiating while Israel continues to build on land the Palestinians want for a future state.
    (AP, 10/25/10)
2010        Oct 25, Libya's Kadhafi Foundation announced projects costing eight million dollars to help Darfur refugees displaced by the conflict in western Sudan to return to their homes.
    (AFP, 10/25/10)
2010        Oct 25, Humans Rights Watch said in a new report that suspects detained under Morocco's counterterrorism laws are routinely subjected to human rights violations.
    (AP, 10/26/10)
2010        Oct 25, Myanmar state television reported that at least 27 people were killed and tens of thousands displaced when Cyclone Giri struck its western coast a week earlier.
    (SFC, 10/26/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 25, In Pakistan a bomb blast outside the Sufi Farid Shakar Ganj shrine in Pakpattan killed at least 5 people, including 2 women. 12 people were wounded.
    (AP, 10/25/10)(AFP, 10/25/10)
2010        Oct 25, South African soldiers strayed into neighboring Mozambique and exchanged fire with civilians, leaving 2 people dead and one injured.
    (AP, 10/26/10)(AP, 10/27/10)
2010        Oct 25, South Korea prepared to send 5,000 tons of rice to flood victims in North Korea in its first humanitarian rice shipment to its communist neighbor since a conservative, pro-US government took office in 2008.
    (AP, 10/25/10)
2010        Oct 25, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez announced the expropriation of the local affiliate of the US-based glassmaker Owens Illinois, accusing it of causing environmental damage and exploiting its workers. To date almost 400 companies have been nationalized since Chavez became president in 1999.
    (AFP, 10/26/10)(Econ, 11/20/10, p.44)
2010        Oct 25, In Zimbabwe Kobus Joubert (67), a prominent white farmer, was shot dead in a robbery at his home. The Commercial Farmers Union, representing about 300 whites still on their land after a decade-long violent land seizure program that ousted some 4,000 white farmers, said the killing showed "the flagrant disregard for the rule of law" in farming areas ahead of proposed elections.
    (AP, 10/27/10)

2011        Oct 25, The White House said Pres. Obama is taking steps to ease the burden of student loans, potentially helping millions of cash-strapped college graduates in a tough economy. The White House also announced new initiatives urging Community Health Centers to hire 8,000 veterans, approximately one veteran per health center, in the next three years and expand opportunities for veterans to become physician assistants.
    (Reuters, 10/26/11)(ABC, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 25, In Oakland, Ca., police fired tear gas into a crowd of over 100 Occupy Oakland protesters who had marched to City Hall to reclaim the camp they’d been evicted from early in the day. 97 people were arrested in the early morning raid. Scott Olsen (24), an Iraq war veteran, suffered a skull fracture from a police projectile. In 2014 Oakland agreed to pay Olsen $4.5 million to settle a federal lawsuit.
    (ABC, 10/26/11)(SFC, 11/14/11, p.A9)(, 3/22/14, p.A1)
2011        Oct 25, In San Francisco Democratic Assemblywoman Mary Hayashi (45) of Castro Valley was stopped by a security detail at Nieman Marcus after she left the store with unpaid items worth $2450.
    (SFC, 10/29/11, p.A1)
2011        Oct 25, In Florida Joel Esquenazi (52), the former boss of Terra Telecommunications Corp., was sentenced to 15 years in jail for paying over $890,000 in bribes to Haiti’s national telephone company (2001-2005). He and executive Carlos Rodriguez (55) were convicted on Aug 4. Rodriguez was sentenced to 7 years.
    (Econ, 11/5/11, p.72)(
2011        Oct 25, A US federal judge blocked part of North Carolina’s new abortion law ruling that providers do not have to place an ultrasound image next to a pregnant woman so she can view it, nor do they have to describe features and offer a chance to listen to the heartbeat.
    (SFC, 10/26/11, p.A5)
2011        Oct 25, IBM said Virginia Rometty (54) will succeed Sam Palmisano as chief executive officer effective Jan 1. Rometty, currently head of sales and marketing, will become IBM’s first female chief.
    (SFC, 10/26/11, p.D3)
2011        Oct 25, In Afghanistan a bomb hidden inside a fuel truck in Parwan province exploded, killing at least five people. Local residents claimed more than 10 people were killed.
    (AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 25, Lawyers in Algeria began a 3-day strike to protest proposed changes in the organization of the profession which they say will limit their independence and powers in court.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, China’s state media reported that China will replace popular television entertainment with so-called "healthy" programming, reflecting regulators' latest move to tighten media control.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, In China another monk set himself ablaze outside a Tibetan monastery in southwestern Sichuan province's Ganzi prefecture. This was the 10th self-immolation this year protesting against Chinese rule over the Himalayan region. London-based Free Tibet group said it was unable to confirm the monk's age or name and was unsure of his condition.
    (AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 25, Amnesty International said police in the Dominican Republic have been responsible for an alarming number of killings and torture over a five-year period.
    (AP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, India's central bank announced the deregulation of interest rates on savings bank deposits, in a landmark decision seen as a key financial sector reform.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, In India Sushil Kumar, a poor government clerk, became the first person to win $1 million in an Indian game show in India’s version of “Who Wants to Be a Millionaire."
    (SFC, 10/28/11, p.A6)
2011        Oct 25, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed a traffic policemen in Baghdad, on the second morning in a row in which traffic patrols appear to have been targeted by insurgents. Armed men in a night attack killed Ali al-Massudi, the Shiite mayor of the Iskandiriyah sub-district.
    (AP, 10/25/11)(AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 25, In Ireland 2 people died and hundreds were stranded in northern and eastern Ireland after torrential rain closed roads and rail lines, left shops and homes under water. Dublin was put on an emergency footing.
    (Reuters, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, Japanese officials said computers in the parliament have been found to be infected with a virus.
    (SFC, 10/26/11, p.A4)
2011        Oct 25, In Libya Moammar Gadhafi was buried in secrecy and anonymity, laid to rest in an unmarked grave before dawn in the Libyan desert that was home to his Bedouin tribal ancestors. A Human Rights Watch team saw trucks drive out of Tawergha with furniture and carpets that had apparently been looted, and that Misrata fighters who claimed to be guarding the town did not intervene.
    (AP, 10/25/11)(AP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 25, Malawi’s Anti-Corruption Bureau said Richard Kapinga (42), a government accounts officer earning about $300 a month, has been arrested after authorities found $2.4 million in his bank accounts.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, Mexican authorities said federal police in Acapulco caught a young woman, Damaris Gomez (19), and a young man (21) as they were getting off a car near a shopping mall with an ice chest containing a decapitated head and other human remains. Police in Ciudad Juarez found the dismembered bodies of four men in bits scattered around the city.
    (AP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, The Mexican navy arrested Carlos "The Bam Bam" Pitalua, the alleged local chief of the Zetas drug cartel in the Gulf coast port of Veracruz. The navy said he is tied to the dumping of eight bodies in a rural town a week ago. Mexican marines also captured alleged Zetas "accountant" Carmen del Consuelo Saenz (29) in Veracruz, along 10 other alleged Zetas members.
    (AP, 10/26/11)(AP, 10/27/11)
2011        Oct 25, Nigeria’s anti-graft agency said a court has jailed 7 Nigerians and 2 Ghanaians for dealing in illegal petroleum products.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, In northwest Pakistan a roadside bomb targeted an anti-Taliban militia member, ripping through his vehicle and killing four people in Lower Dir.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, In northern Somalia gunmen kidnapped a female American aid worker (32) and a Danish man (60), working for the Danish Demining Group. Their Somali colleague was placed under police custody.
    (AP, 10/25/11)(AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 25, South Africa threw its weight behind Palestine's bid to become a full member of the United Nations and called on the international body to settle the bid quickly.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, South Africa’s Finance Minister, Pravin Gordhan, said South Africa will launch a $3.2 billion package to boost the economy, as he revised the 2011 growth forecast for the country down to 3.1 percent.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, Human Rights Watch said Sudan has condemned more than 300 Eritreans asylum seekers to "certain detention and abuse" by deporting them back to Eritrea, one of the "most brutal" countries in the world. Last week Sudan handed more than 300 Eritreans to the neighboring country's military without screening them for refugee status.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, In Geneva US and North Korean officials concluded their two-day talks about Pyongyang's nuclear program. Top US envoy Stephen Bosworth expressed confidence about the prospects of restarting long-stalled nuclear negotiations after two days of "very positive" talks with North Korea.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, Bangkok's second airport shut down as floodwaters advanced into the Thai capital, forcing authorities in "crisis mode" to declare a five-day public holiday in preparation for the deluge.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)
2011        Oct 25, In southern Thailand a series of explosives planted by suspected Muslim rebels ripped through Yala town, killing at least 3 people and wounding dozens more.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)(SFC, 10/26/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 25, In Turkey crowds of Kurds pelted journalists and police with stones in the quake-hit city of Van as their anger at the media's coverage of the disaster boiled over. The stoning of the reporters in the eponymous provincial capital, which left several people injured, was brought to a halt only after police used pepper-spray.
    (AFP, 10/26/11)
2011        Oct 25, The UAR said a ship carrying 450 tons of diesel fuel sank off the coast of Umm al-Quwain emirate.
    (SFC, 10/26/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 25, In Yemen 5 civilians were killed in clashes and protests Sanaa and Taez, as calls mounted for President Ali Abdullah Saleh to step down. A Yemeni military cargo plane crashed while landing at a base in the southern province of Lahej killing at least four of 15 people on board. President Saleh informed US Ambassador Gerald Feierstein that he would sign a deal to step down and spoke of a new cease-fire, but clashes on the streets threw that into doubt. Activists said seven protesters were killed and 10 wounded.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)(AP, 10/25/11)

2012        Oct 25, In NYC a nanny stabbed Lucia Krim (6) and Leo Krim (2) to death. In 2018 Yoselyn Ortega (55) was convicted of murder and faced life in prison. On May 14, 2018, Ortega was sentenced to life in prison.
    (, 4/19/18, p.A5)(SFC, 5/15/18, p.A6)
2012        Oct 25, A Texas state trooper fired on a pickup truck from a helicopter and killed two illegal immigrants from Guatemala during a chase through the desert. He was trying to disable the vehicle and suspected it was being used to smuggle drugs. Eight people in the truck were arrested. No drugs were found.
    (AP, 10/26/12)
2012        Oct 25, Jacques Barzun (104), American cultural historian, died in San Antonio. He had taught at Columbia Univ. for nearly 60 years. His dozens of books included “From Dawn to Decadence" (2000).
    (SSFC, 10/28/12, p.A17)
2012        Oct 25, In Afghanistan a man in an Afghan police uniform shot and killed two American service members in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 10/25/12)
2012        Oct 25, Hundreds of Argentine sailors returned home after abandoning their frigate on orders from President Cristina Fernandez, after the ARA Libertad was detained by a Ghanaian judge in a debt dispute. The sailors arrived home on an Air France charter because the Argentine government couldn't send one of its own planes, for fear that it, too, could be seized as collateral. The ship's captain and 43 crew members were left behind with the ship at Ghana's Tema Port.
    (AP, 10/25/12)
2012        Oct 25, In China Tibetan cousins Tsepo (20) and Tenzin (25) called for independence for Tibet as they set fire to themselves in front of a government building in their village in Biru county north of Lhasa.
    (AP, 10/27/12)
2012        Oct 25, The NY Times furnished evidence that family members of China’s PM Wen Jiabao has accumulated some $2.7 billion during his decade in office.
    (Econ, 11/3/12, p.45)
2012        Oct 25, Hurricane Sandy crossed mountainous eastern Cuba as a Category 2 storm. 11 people were killed in eastern Santiago and Guantanamo provinces as its howling winds and rain toppled houses and ripped off roofs. About 30% of Cuba’s coffee crop was reportedly lost.
    (AP, 10/25/12)(AP, 10/26/12)(Econ, 11/3/12, p.38)
2012        Oct 25, Israel's PM Netanyahu announced that he was joining forces with his hardline foreign minister in upcoming elections, instantly creating a hawkish new bloc that now appears poised to lead the country.
    (AP, 10/25/12)
2012        Oct 25, Russia's top investigative agency launched a criminal probe into alleged fraud in the selloff of Defense Ministry assets, a high-profile case that could shake up the nation's scandal-marred military establishment.
    (AP, 10/25/12)
2012        Oct 25, Some 3.4 million Muslims from 300 nations started their annual hajj pilgrimage by ascending Mount Arafat in Saudi Arabia on a day pilgrims believe offers them a chance to repent their sins.
    (AP, 10/25/12)
2012        Oct 25, In Syria anti-regime forces advanced in Aleppo and took control of several neighborhoods. The deputy head of the United Nations urged Syrian rebels and the regime in Damascus to observe a four-day cease-fire to observe the Muslim holy day of Eid al-Adha on Oct 26.
    (AP, 10/25/12)
2012        Oct 25, In Yemen militants assassinated two senior officers in drive-by shooting in Damar, 100 km    south of Sanaa.
    (AP, 10/26/12)

2013        Oct 25, The US FDA approved Zohydro, an extended-release capsule that contains up to five times the amount of narcotic hydrocodone previously available in pills. Sales began in March 2014.
2013        Oct 25, Hal Needham (b.1931), former stuntman and action-movie director, died in Los Angeles. His films included “Smokey and the Bandit" (1977) and “The Cannonball Run" (1981).
    (SSFC, 10/27/13, p.C12)
2013        Oct 25, In Bangladesh 3 demonstrators were killed as more than 100,000 opposition activists rallied in the Dhaka to demand that PM Sheikh Hasina quit and order polls under a caretaker government.
    (AFP, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, Brazilian police said a group of hit men shot to death 7 people at a house in a suburb of Rio de Janeiro.
    (SFC, 10/26/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 25, In Brazil protesters went on a rampage in Sao Paulo, smashing windows and teller machines and battling riot police in violence blamed on the "Black Bloc" anarchist group. The protests began as a peaceful march to demand free public transportation for students before turning violent. Police fired tear gas and arrested 92 people.
    (AFP, 10/26/13)
2013        Oct 25, Britain’s PM David Cameron accused US whistleblower Edward Snowden and unnamed newspapers of assisting Britain's enemies by helping them avoid surveillance by its intelligence services.
    (Reuters, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, British police appeared to downplay a raid after claiming to have seized suspected 3D-printed gun parts from a shop in Manchester. Some observers pointed out that the images released by police resembled printer parts.
    (AFP, 10/25/13)(AP, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, British police freed a Malaysian woman (69), an Irishwoman (57) and a 30-year-old Briton. A man and a woman, both 69, were arrested following an investigation on slavery at a house in London. Police announced the release on Nov 21 and said the women had been held for at least 30 years.
    (AFP, 11/21/13)(SFC, 11/22/13, p.A5)
2013        Oct 25, Some 20,000 Cambodian opposition supporters wrapped up a three-day demonstration to petition foreign embassies and the UN for intervention in what they claim was a rigged election.
    (AP, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, In China ousted politician Bo Xilai lost his appeal against a life sentence for corruption in his final public appearance before prison.
    (AP, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, In CongoDRC fighting resumed between the army and rebels in the northeast, just days after the latest effort at peace talks fell apart. Rwanda said Congolese army shells had landed on its territory.
    (AFP, 10/25/13)(Reuters, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, Czechs went to the polls in an election that will swing the nation toward the left after unpopular budget cuts and graft scandals felled a center-right government.
    (Reuters, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, Leaders of the 15-nation west African bloc ECOWAS met in Dakar, Senegal, for a special summit focused on moving the region towards a common market and a single currency by 2020.
    (AFP, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, In Egypt thousands of supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood group marched in Cairo to keep pressure on the military-backed leadership as it tries to stabilize a country.
    (AP, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, Ethiopia banned domestic workers from moving overseas for employment, following an "exodus" of workers leaving the country through illegal placement agencies.
    (AFP, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, French President Francois Hollande said he will stick to a government tax plan to impose a super-levy on soccer players' salaries despite the threat of the nation's pro clubs to scrap games one weekend next month.
    (AP, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, Greek authorities said DNA tests have confirmed that Sasha Ruseva, a Bulgarian Roma woman (35), is the mother of a mysterious girl in Greece known as Maria.
    (AP, 10/25/13)(SFC, 10/25/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 25, Greek police said they have arrested a childless couple in Athens on suspicion of buying an 8-month-old Roma girl and trying to register her as their own, amid international uproar over another little girl who was found living with unrelated Gypsies in Greece.
    (AP, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, Iran's Revolutionary Guard killed 3 rebels and arrested three others in Baneh, a Kurdish populated region in northwestern Iran.
    (AFP, 10/27/13)
2013        Oct 25, A senior Iraqi security official said the Baghdad government wants the immediate delivery of US drones and F-16 fighter jets in order to combat al Qaeda insurgents. Bombings in central Iraq that targeted a market, a cafe and the homes of police officers killed 13 people.
    (Reuters, 10/25/13)(AP, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, Italian vessels rescued another 700 migrants while the two-day EU summit was going on. EU leaders failed to take new action to ease the plight of thousands of boat refugees trying to cross from North Africa.
    (AP, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, Japanese media said Mizuho Bank will punish more than 30 executives over revelations that the lender made loans to underworld figures in the latest chapter of a headline-grabbing scandal.
    (AFP, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, Luxembourg’s royal palace said Xavier Bettel, the mayor of Luxembourg City, has been asked to form the next government, sidelining long-serving PM Jean Claude Juncker.
    (Reuters, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, Madagascar residents voted in a presidential election they hope will restore security, improve lives and mark the end of political and economic turmoil brought about by a 2009 coup.
    (AP, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, North Korea repatriated six South Korean citizens and a corpse at a heavily defended border crossing.
    (Reuters, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, Norway rejected a US request to help destroy Syria's chemical arms, arguing that the Nordic nation was an unsuitable site because it lacked suitable staff, equipment and regulations.
    (Reuters, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, A Pakistani court extended the custody of former dictator Pervez Musharraf, dampening hopes he would be able to leave the country any time soon following months under house arrest and legal wrangling over his fate.
    (Reuters, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, South African official figures showed poachers have killed more than 100 rhinos over the past four weeks, pushing the death toll so far this year towards 800.
    (AP, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, A South Sudan army spokesman said ten soldiers were imprisoned for human rights abuses perpetrated during a 2012 campaign to disarm fighters from warring communities.
    (AFP, 10/25/13)
2013        Oct 25, In Syria a car bomb explosion killed at least 40 people and wounded dozens more near a mosque in the Damascus province town of Suq Wadi Barada. Government troops ambushed rebels near Damascus, killing at least 40 opposition fighters.
    (AFP, 10/25/13)(AP, 10/25/13)

2014        Oct 25, In Afghanistan insurgents attacked several police checkpoints in the northeast, killing 4 police officers. 4 civilians were killed in two roadside bombings in the south.
    (AP, 10/26/14)
2014        Oct 25, An Afghan court in Kabul sentenced mullah Mohammad Amin to 20 years in prison after finding the religious teacher guilty of raping a 10-year-old girl. The rape took place in May in the girl's home village near the provincial capital of Kunduz.
    (AP, 10/26/14)
2014        Oct 25, Jack Bruce (71), British vocalist and bassist for the blues trio Cream, died at his home in Suffolk. The group also included drummer Ginger Baker and guitarist Eric Clapton. Cream the world’s first platinum disc for the double album “Wheels of Fire" (1968).
    (SSFC, 10/26/14, p.D8)
2014        Oct 25, Colombia’s Pres. Juan Manuel Santos unveiled new details of a $400 million development strategy for the Pacific coast, including a pldege of $12 million to provide drinking water for every resident of Buenaventura.
    (Econ, 11/8/14, p.39)
2014        Oct 25, Egypt imposed a state of emergency across much of the Sinai Peninsula after 30 soldiers were killed in a suicide car bombing a day earlier by suspected jihadists. Egypt also announced it would close the Rafah crossing into the Gaza Strip.
    (AFP, 10/25/14)
2014        Oct 25, French police arrested 14 teenagers dressed as the pranksters, carrying pistols, knives and baseball bats in the port town of Agde. The phenomenon of dressing up as an evil clown and terrifying passers-by cropped up in the north of France in early October.
    (AFP, 10/26/14)
2014        Oct 25, In Iran Reyhaneh Jabbari (26), on death row for five years, was hanged at dawn. The interior designer was convicted for the 2007 stabbing of Morteza Abdolali Sarbandi, a former intelligence officer. She claimed he had tried to sexually assault her.
    (AFP, 10/25/14)
2014        Oct 25, Iran’s interior minister said several men arrested on suspicion of committing horrific acid attacks on women in Isfahan have been released due to insufficient evidence.
    (AFP, 10/25/14)
2014        Oct 25, In Iraq a suicide bombing killed 8 Shiite militiamen in Taji, just north of Baghdad. 17 people were wounded. The US and its allies conducted 22 air strikes against Islamic State forces with attacks in the frequently targeted areas near the vital Mosul dam, the city of Fallujah and the northern city of Bayji, home of an oil refinery. Kurdish forces retook the northern Iraqi town of Zumar and several nearby villages.
    (AP, 10/25/14)(Reuters, 10/25/14)
2014        Oct 25, In Italy demonstrators from across the country filled the streets of Rome to protest against labor market reforms which the government of PM Matteo Renzi has made a cornerstone of its policy.
    (Reuters, 10/25/14)
2014        Oct 25, Lebanese troops attacked Islamist gunmen holed up in the historic market of the northern city of Tripoli. A clash in the Akkar region near the Syrian border left 2 militants dead. Unidentified gunmen had tried to cut off a main road.
    (AFP, 10/25/14)
2014        Oct 25, It was reported that the number of Rohingya Muslims from western Myanma, who have fled by boat since communal violence broke out two years ago, is now topping 100,000 with an average of 900 people per day piling into cargo ships parked off Rakhine state.
    (AP, 10/25/14)
2014        Oct 25, Pakistani army jets killed at least 18 militants as part of an ongoing offensive to eliminate militants' hideouts and ammunition stockpiles in the Khyber tribal region.
    (AP, 10/26/14)
2014        Oct 25, In Somalia at least one person was killed and several others wounded in a car bombing outside a hotel in Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 10/25/14)
2014        Oct 25, South Korean activists launched balloons to send leaflets to North Korea with messages critical of its leader, ignoring threats of military action from Pyongyang and a plea by Seoul not to jeopardize efforts to improve ties with the North.
    (Reuters, 10/25/14)
2014        Oct 25, Syrian rebels fought fierce clashes with loyalist troops as they tried to secure their supply line to second city Aleppo against advances by the army. US warplanes over the last 24 hours destroyed an Islamic State artillery piece near Kobani.
    (AFP, 10/25/14)(Reuters, 10/25/14)
2014        Oct 25, In southeastern Turkey Kurdish militants killed 3 Turkish soldiers.
    (Reuters, 10/25/14)
2014        Oct 25, The UN World Health Organization said the number of confirmed and probable Ebola cases has risen to 10,141 with 4,922 deaths. This included 200 new cases in the last four days.
    (SSFC, 10/26/14, p.A7)

2015        Oct 25, A US-led coalition conducted 15 air strikes against Islamic state in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 10/2615)
2015        Oct 25, Florida called an early end to the state’s black bear hunt saying 298 bears were taken nearing the set limit.
    (SFC, 10/27/15, p.A5)
2015        Oct 25, Argentina held presidential elections. Mauricio Macri dealt a major blow to the ruling Front for Victory in the first round, winning 34.3 percent of the vote, slightly less than Daniel Scioli of the ruling party at 36.9 percent.
    (AP, 10/2515)(Reuters, 10/2615)
2015        Oct 25, Former British PM Tony Blair acknowledged the 2003 invasion of Iraq played a part in the rise of the Islamic State militant group, and apologized for some mistakes in planning the war.
    (Reuters, 10/2515)
2015        Oct 25, In Canada 5 Britons were killed when a Canadian whale-watching boat carrying 27 passengers sank off the coast of British Columbia. An Australian man remained missing and the rest were rescued.
    (Reuters, 10/2615)(SFC, 10/27/15, p.A2)
2015        Oct 25, China said it will provide Nepal with 1.3 million liters (340,000 gallons) of gasoline to help it cope with severe fuel shortages as a result of restricted supplies from neighboring India.
    (AP, 10/2515)
2015        Oct 25, Colombians went to the polls to elect provincial governors and hundreds of local officials who will have a crucial role in implementing any peace agreement reached with leftist FARC rebels.
    (AFP, 10/2515)
2015        Oct 25, The Republic of Congo voted on whether to amend the constitution to enable one of Africa's longest-serving leaders, President Denis Sassou Nguesso, to seek a third term, extending his 31-year grip on power. More than 92 percent of voters supported the change and turnout stood at 72 percent.
    (AFP, 10/2515)(AP, 10/27/15)
2015        Oct 25, Central and eastern European leaders met in Brussels to draw up a common approach to dealing with the thousands of migrants streaming into the EU every day from the Middle East, North Africa and Afghanistan. The leaders committed to bolster the borders of Greece as it struggles to cope with the wave of refugees from Syria and beyond who cross over through Turkey.
    (Reuters, 10/2515)(AP, 10/2615)
2015        Oct 25, It was reported that carbon nanotubes have been found in the lung fluid of asthmatic children living in Paris. The nanomaterial has only recently been used to manufacture items such as bicycle parts, sporting goods and wind turbines.
    (SSFC, 10/25/15, p.D16)
2015        Oct 25, At least three migrants, two children and a woman, drowned when their boat sank off the Greek island of Lesbos.
    (AFP, 10/2515)
2015        Oct 25, Guatemala held runoff elections. Comedian Jimmy Morales faced former first lady Sandra Torres, a businesswoman and longtime political operative. Morales (46) won after officials results showed him winning about 68% of the vote.
    (AP, 10/2515)(SFC, 10/27/15, p.A4)
2015        Oct 25, Haitians began voting for a new president with a choice of 54 candidates. Jude Celestin, of the Lapeh party, garnered 25 percent of the vote, according to results. He will face ruling party candidate Jovenel Moise, the frontrunner at 32 percent, in a December 27 runoff.
    (AFP, 10/2515)(AFP, 11/6/15)
2015        Oct 25, Indonesian police on Bali arrested Rajendra Nikalje, one of India's most wanted gangsters, sought in more than two dozen murder cases. On Nov 5 he was deported to India after being on Interpol's most-wanted list for two decades.
    (Reuters, 10/2615)(AP, 11/5/15)
2015        Oct 25, In Indonesia 17 people were killed in a fire that raced through a karaoke bar early today on Sulawesi island. 71 others were hospitalized for smoke inhalation.
    (AP, 10/2515)
2015        Oct 25, Ivory Coast voters headed to the polls as the West African nation held its first presidential election since a disputed vote five years ago triggered violence in which more than 3,000 people died. Alassane Ouattara won a landslide victory.
    (AP, 10/2515)(AFP, 10/28/15)
2015        Oct 25, Kenya's military says it has destroyed a base in Somalia operated by the Islamic extremist rebels of al-Shabab and killed 15 of its fighters in a dawn attack.
    (AP, 10/2515)
2015        Oct 25, In Pakistan gunfire and shelling by Indian border guards killed three civilians near Sialkot, a city in the eastern Punjab province. Another 14 people were wounded. India said Pakistan fired first.
    (AP, 10/2615)
2015        Oct 25, A Palestinian woman was shot dead while trying to knife Israeli border police and two Israelis were wounded in attempted stabbings as PM Benjamin Netanyahu agreed to install more security cameras at the flashpoint Al-Aqsa mosque compound in a bid to defuse tensions.
    (AFP, 10/2515)
2015        Oct 25, Poland held parliamentary elections. The conservative Law and Justice (PiS) party under party leader Jaroslaw Kaczynski won 235 seats in the 460-seat lower house and a majority in the Senate, sweeping the economically liberal pro-EU center-right Civic Platform from office. No party left of center won a seat. Beata Szydlo will serve as prime minister.
    (Reuters, 10/2615)(AP, 10/27/15)(SFC, 10/29/15, p.A2)(Econ, 10/31/15, p.51)
2015        Oct 25, Romania's President Klaus Iohannis demanded that the prime minister and interior minister address public anger over the on-duty death of a police motorcyclist on Oct 20. Hundreds of protesters took to the streets of Bucharest calling for the resignation of Interior Minister Gabriel Oprea.
    (AP, 10/2515)
2015        Oct 25, Direct flights between Russia and Ukraine stopped as a result of continuing tensions over Russia's annexation of Crimea and backing of separatists in eastern Ukraine.
    (AP, 10/2515)
2015        Oct 25, Tanzania and Zanzibar held general elections. Ruling party candidate, Works Minister John Magufuli (55), battled former PM Edward Lowassa (62), who defected to the opposition earlier this year after being rejected as the ruling party's candidate. On Oct 29 the National Electoral Commission said John Magufuli won the presidential elections with over 58 percent of votes, but the opposition said the vote was rigged and also claimed victory.
    (AP, 10/2515)(AFP, 10/29/15)
2015        Oct 25, In western Thailand 8 people were killed and over 20 injured when a bus carrying workers back from a holiday weekend crashed in Kanchanaburi province.
    (AP, 10/2515)
2015        Oct 25, Turkish military shot at Kurdish forces deployed in the town of Tal Abyad, Syria, using mostly machine guns. There were no casualties in the shooting and the Kurdish forces didn't return fire.
    (AP, 10/27/15)
2015        Oct 25, Ukrainians voted in local elections that were seen as a test of the strength of President Petro Poroshenko's government and of the oligarchs accustomed to running regions of the country. The Mariupol vote was pushed back to next month "due to the improper preparation of election ballots.
    (AP, 10/2515)(AFP, 10/2515)
2015        Oct 25, Pope Francis closed a contentious bishops' meeting on family issues calling for a more open-hearted, compassionate Church rooted in people's lives and not a programmatic, arid one that fears changes and challenges.
    (Reuters, 10/2515)
2015        Oct 25, In Yemen about 30 Islamic militants stormed a supermarket in Aden, firing into the air and taking hostages.
    (AP, 10/2515)

2016        Oct 25, A US Coast Guard search plane located the 97-foot sailboat of Chinese sailor Guo Chuan (51) 600 miles northwest of Oahu. He had departed San Francisco on October 18 in an effort to break a world record and reach Shanghai in 18 days. Rescuers boarded the boat a day later and found Chuan missing.
    (SFC, 10/28/16, p.D2)
2016        Oct 25, New York novelist Paul Beatty (b.1962) became the first American to win the Man Booker Prize for Fiction for “Sellout," his 4th novel.
    (SFC, 10/26/16, p.A6)(Econ, 10/29/16, p.74)
2016        Oct 25, In Afghanistan battles were underway between the Taliban and Afghan security forces that saw two militant commanders killed. Taliban insurgents abducted a group of 33 people near the Ghor province capital of Ferozkoh.
    (AP, 10/26/16)
2016        Oct 25, Iraqi forces backed by US-led coalition airstrikes battled Islamic State militants for a third day in Ruba, Anbar province, hundreds of km to the south of the operation to retake the northern city of Mosul.
    (AP, 10/25/16)
2016        Oct 25, An Israeli man reportedly working on a border fence between Israel and Egypt was shot and killed when gunmen in Egypt opened fire at him. A senior Egyptian security official said that human traffickers shot at Israelis working on the barrier.
    (AP, 10/25/16)
2016        Oct 25, In Saudi Arabia gunmen shot dead two security officers in the eastern city of Dammam. The Interior Ministry later said the gunmen were connected to previous militant attacks in the region and had been trained abroad.
    (Reuters, 10/27/16)
2016        Oct 25, The Saudi-led coalition denied it had imposed a "blockade" on Yemen, saying instead that it was controlling access to the country to prevent pro-Iran rebels from obtaining arms.
    (AFP, 10/25/16)
2016        Oct 25, In Venezuela opposition supporters headed to rallies around the country against unpopular socialist President Nicolas Maduro, whom they accuse of turning into a dictator by preventing a plebiscite to remove him.
    (Reuters, 10/26/16)

2017        Oct 25, The United States and its Gulf Arab allies announced a coordinated effort to sanction a number of Yemenis and an entity suspected of financing the Islamic State group and al-Qaida.
    (AP, 10/25/17)   
2017        Oct 25, A US federal judge denied an attempt by California to force the Trump administration to pay billions of dollars to insurance companies to subsidize health plans for low income Americans.
    (SFC, 10/26/17, p.A1)
2017        Oct 25, In Hawaii a law took effect that allows Honolulu police to fine pedestrians up to $35 for viewing their electronic devices while crossing city streets.
    (SFC, 10/25/17, p.A5)
2017        Oct 25, West Virginia inmate Todd Boyes (43) escaped from the South Central Regional Jail in Charleston. His escape was not discovered until Oct 27. Boyes was captured on Oct. 29 as he tried to enter Mexico from Laredo, Texas.
    (SFC, 10/28/17, p.A4)(SFC, 10/30/17, p.A5)
2017        Oct 25, Thousands of pensioners from across Bosnia's Bosniak-Croat Federation, most of whom live on the edge of poverty, took to the streets in Sarajevo to protest for a rise in pensions and better social and health care.
    (Reuters, 10/25/17)
2017        Oct 25, The Brazilian unit of Bayer AG said it has received regulatory approval to sell its FOX Xpro fungicide, potentially boosting its agro-chemical business in one of the world's largest grains-producing nations.
    (Reuters, 10/25/17)
2017        Oct 25, The British Supreme Court upheld a lower court ruling that American poker star Phil Ivey had used illegitimate means to amass 7.7 million pounds ($10.2 million) in winnings during a stint at the baccarat table in 2012.
    (AP, 10/25/17)
2017        Oct 25, The BBC said it has filed a complaint to the United Nations over Iran freezing the assets of more than 150 people associated with its Persian service, calling the Islamic Republic's actions "a deprivation of human rights."
    (AP, 10/25/17)
2017        Oct 25, Cameroon blasted the International Crisis Group (ICG) as an "agency of destabilization" after the thinktank warned an armed insurgency could erupt in the country's restive anglophone regions.
    (AFP, 10/25/17)
2017        Oct 25, China's ruling Communist Party unveiled its core decision-making body, the Politburo Standing Committee, headed by President Xi Jinping.
    (Reuters, 10/25/17)
2017        Oct 25, Chinese President Xi Jinping spoke to the country about "waves of positive energy" from the ruling Communist Party after its twice-a-decade leadership shuffle. Jinping told foreign journalists to roam the country and report more, even as five global news organizations found themselves without invitations to cover his speech.
    (Reuters, 10/25/17)
2017        Oct 25, Crimean Tatar activists Ilmi Umerov and Ahtem Chiygoz, who opposed to Moscow's annexation of Ukraine's Crimea region, were released from prison and flown to Turkey. Ukraine President Petro Poroshenko thanked Turkey's president for helping broker the release.
    (AP, 10/25/17)(Reuters, 10/27/17)
2017        Oct 25, An Egyptian court sentenced policeman Samir Hani to seven years in prison for torturing worker Talaat el-Rashidi to death in the Luxor police station after he was arrested in front of a coffee shop for possession of narcotics. The court also handed down three-year sentences to five other policemen involved in the case.
    (AP, 10/25/17)
2017        Oct 25, The European Union minus Britain held its first internal talks on how it envisages future relations with London and what sort of transition period there will be after Brexit in March 2019.
    (Reuters, 10/25/17)
2017        Oct 25, Israeli authorities approved a major expansion of a Jewish settler enclave in the heart of a Palestinian neighborhood of East Jerusalem, issuing building permits for 176 new housing units. The construction was swiftly condemned by the Palestinians as a violation of international law.
    (Reuters, 10/25/17)
2017        Oct 25, It was reported that women in Kashmir over the past month have reported over 100 cases of masked men chopping off their hair.
    (SFC, 10/25/17, p.A4)
2017        Oct 25, Kenya plunged deeper into crisis after a no-show by a majority of Supreme Court judges scuppered an eleventh-hour petition to delay a presidential election and the governor of a volatile opposition region endorsed rebellion against the state.
    (Reuters, 10/25/17)
2017        Oct 25, Kurdish authorities in Iraq offered to put an independence drive on hold, stepping up efforts to resolve a crisis in relations with Baghdad via dialogue.
    (Reuters, 10/25/17)
2017        Oct 25, In northeastern Libya suspected Islamist militants attacked a military checkpoint, killing two soldiers and wounding three.
    (Reuters, 10/25/17)
2017        Oct 25, Buddhists in Myanmar blocked aid workers from visiting a camp for displaced Muslims in the central part of Rakhine State.
    (Reuters, 10/25/17)
2017        Oct 25, The Swiss government said neutral Switzerland's embassies in Riyadh and Tehran have signed agreements to represent Iranian interests in Saudi Arabia and Saudi interests in Iran.
    (Reuters, 10/25/17)
2017        Oct 25, Thailand marked the start of a lavish, five-day funeral for King Bhumibol Adulyadej with a Buddhist religious ceremony attended by senior members of its royal family.
    (Reuters, 10/25/17)
2017        Oct 25, In Turkey Meral Aksener, a former interior minister seen as a potentially strong challenger to President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, delivered a defiant speech in Ankara promising a "strong, happy" Turkey at the official launch of the Iyi ("Good") Party.
    (AFP, 10/25/17)
2017        Oct 25, Uganda's opposition leader Kizza Besigye and five others were charged with inciting violence and freed from jail after six nights in detention.
    (AFP, 10/25/17)
2017        Oct 25, In Ukraine Radical Party member Igor Mosiychuk was walking out of its studio after giving an interview when an explosive device went off near a scooter parked on the street. Ukraine soon opened a "terror" probe after the lawmaker was wounded and two people killed in the bombing. His nationalist party called this assassination attempt linked to Russia.
    (AFP, 10/26/17)

2018        Oct 25, The US Treasury Department imposed sanctions on two Singapore-based entities and Tan Wee Beng, a director and shareholder of a Singapore-based commodities trading company, accused of money laundering through the US financial system to evade sanctions against North Korea.
    (Reuters, 10/25/18)
2018        Oct 25, This year's Kirkus Prize for non-fiction was awarded to Rebecca Solnit for her latest book "Call Them By Their True Names: American Crises (and Essays)." Ling ma won the fiction award for her first novel "Severance." Winners received $50,000.
    (SFC, 10/27/18, p.E3)
2018        Oct 25, In California Yosemite Park rangers recovered the bodies of 29-year-old Vishnu Viswanath and 30-year-old Meenakshi Moorthy from about 800 feet (245 meters) below Taft Point. The couple had set up a tripod for a selfie near the ledge on the evening of Oct 23.
    (AP, 10/30/18)
2018        Oct 25, Oregon's Gov. Kate Brown issued an executive order blocking offshore oil and gas drilling to protect the state's coatal economy.
    (SFC, 10/27/18, p.A6)
2018        Oct 25, Argentina's lower house approved a 2019 budget bill that includes austerity measures demanded by the International Monetary Fund.
    (AP, 10/25/18)
2018        Oct 25, A British judge ruled that unregistered beautician Donna Francis (38) should be sent to the United States to face trial for allegedly killing an American woman with a botched buttocks injection. Kelly Mayhew (34) died in May 2015 after silicone was injected into her buttocks at a house in New York's Queens borough.
    (AP, 10/25/18)
2018        Oct 25, China denounced a US newspaper report that it is listening to President Donald Trump's phone calls as "fake news," and suggested he exchange his iPhone for a cellphone made by Chinese manufacturer Huawei.
    (AP, 10/25/18)
2018        Oct 25, The EU awarded its top human rights prize to Oleg Sentsov, a Ukrainian filmmaker imprisoned in Russia accused of plotting acts of terrorism, calling him a symbol of all political prisoners being held there.
    (AP, 10/25/18)
2018        Oct 25, Central European University said it will move its US-accredited programs from Budapest to the Austrian capital of Vienna because of the "uncertain" academic environment in Hungary. Central European University was founded by Hungarian-American billionaire and philanthropist George Soros in 1991.
    (AP, 10/25/18)
2018        Oct 25, The Paris-based International Federation for Human Rights said foreign fighters, including many Europeans, took a leading role in carrying out the Islamic State group's atrocities against minority Yazidis.
    (AP, 10/25/18)
2018        Oct 25, Italian authorities said 3 suspects, two Senegalese citizens and one Nigerian, were being held on suspicion of murder, group sexual assault and handing out drugs in the death late last week of 16-year-old Desiree Mariottini.
    (AP, 10/25/18)
2018        Oct 25, Japan's PM Shinzo Abe arrived in Beijing as both countries try to repair ties that have been riven by disputes over territory, military expansion in the Pacific and World War II history.
    (AP, 10/25/18)
2018        Oct 25, In Jordan flash floods killed at least 21 people, most of them school children in a bus that was swept away.
    (AP, 10/26/18)
2018        Oct 25, Jihadist-hit Mali extended by a year a state of emergency in place since a deadly November 2015 attack on a top hotel in the capital Bamako which claimed 20 lives.
    (AFP, 10/25/18)
2018        Oct 25, NATO's biggest military maneuvers since the Cold War kicked off in Norway with about 55,000 military personnel.
    (AP, 10/25/18)
2018        Oct 25, Residents of the Northern Mariana Islands braced for months without electricity or running water after the islands were slammed by Super Typhoon Yutu, the strongest storm to hit any part of the US this year. At least one person was killed.
    (AP, 10/25/18)(SFC, 10/26/18, p.A8)
2018        Oct 25, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte fired the head of the Bureau of Customs and ordered all top bureau officials replaced after the agency failed to intercept more than a ton of drugs, the second such case in two years.
    (Reuters, 10/25/18)
2018        Oct 25, President Vladimir Putin says Russia will commission new weapons that have no comparisons anywhere in the world.
    (AP, 10/25/18)
2018        Oct 25, A Russian military tribunal upheld murder and torture convictions against senior security and police officers in the region of Ingushetia. The officers were convicted of using electric shocks and other torture techniques to force confessions from detainees in the mainly-Muslim region.
    (AFP, 10/26/18)
2018        Oct 25, A Russian Soyuz rocket lifted off from the Plesetsk launch facility in Mirny and put a military satellite into orbit.
    (SFC, 10/26/18, p.A2)
2018        Oct 25, Saudi state TV quoted the Saudi public prosecutor as saying the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi was premeditated, and that prosecutors were interrogating suspects on the basis of information provided by a joint Saudi-Turkish task force. 18 Saudis have been arrested and five top officials fired in the case.
    (Reuters, 10/25/18)(SFC, 10/25/18, p.A2)
2018        Oct 25, South Africa's top court ruled that a platinum miner that has a deal with a tribal chief could not evict a group of black farmers, in a decision that could curtail the power of traditional leaders whose deals often disadvantage poor blacks.
    (Reuters, 10/25/18)
2018        Oct 25, South Sudan freed five political detainees and prisoners of war, although none appeared to be senior rebel officials, a category of captive whose release is required by a peace deal signed last month.
    (Reuters, 10/25/18)
2018        Oct 25, Spain's Supreme Court ordered 18 former Catalan leaders to stand trial over their role in last year's declaration of independence.
    (AFP, 10/25/18)
2018        Oct 25, Spanish police said they have seized more than 6.3 metric tons (6.94 tons) of cocaine and broken up a Dutch-led drug-trafficking gang, arresting 16 people.
    (AP, 10/25/18)
2018        Oct 25, Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir lifted a 17-month long ban on agricultural imports from Egypt, during an official visit by Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to Khartoum.
    (AFP, 10/25/18)

2019        Oct 25, The United States asked foreign governments to submit detailed reports on humanitarian exports to Iran, a step observers said could have a chilling effect and cast a pall over European efforts to allow trade.
    (AFP, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, The United States suspended duty-free treatment for $1.3 billion worth of Thai imports, including seafood products, under its Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) program, saying Thailand did not "afford workers in Thailand internationally recognized worker rights." The tariffs that would take effect in six months would be 4-5% instead of zero.
    (Reuters, 10/27/19)
2019        Oct 25, US Defense Secretary said the US will strengthen its military presence in Syria with "mechanized forces" to prevent Islamic State fighters seizing oil fields and revenue.
    (Reuters, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, The US Dfense Dept. said it has awarded a $10 billion, 10-year Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure (JEDI) contract to Microsoft Corp. Amazon had been considered a front- runner to win.
    (SSFC, 10/27/19, p.D3)
2019        Oct 25, The US Treasury department said the government ended fiscal year 2019 with the largest budget deficit in seven years as gains in tax receipts were offset by higher spending and growing debt service payments. The budget deficit widened to $984 billion, which was 4.6% of the nation's gross domestic product.
    (Reuters, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, US officials said the Trump administration is banning US flights to all Cuban cities except Havana starting in December to prevent tourism banned by US law.
    (SFC, 10/26/19, p.A2)
2019        Oct 24, A federal magistrate in San Francisco held US Education Sec. Betsy DeVos in contempt of court and fined her $100,000 for violating a court order by continuing to collect debts from more than 16,000 former students of Corinthian Colleges.
    (SFC, 10/26/19, p.C2)
2019        Oct 25, Maria Butina, convicted in the US of being a Russian agent, was deported by the United States after serving a prison sentence. The Russian woman returned to Moscow the next day and declared that she has no desire to go back to America.
    (AP, 10/26/19)
2019        Oct 25, The American Civil Liberties Union said US immigration authorites separated more than 1,500 children from their parents at the Mexican border early in the Trump administration, bringing the total number of children separated since July 2017 to more than 5,400.
    (SFC, 10/26/19, p.A6)
2019        Oct 25, The US weather service said parts of the drought-parched South were under flood watches and warnings with forecasters saying as much as 10 inches of rain could fall.
    (AP, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, California firefighters sought to take advantage of a brief lull in high winds behind fast-moving wildfires that forced the evacuation of more than 40,000 residents north of Los Angeles.
    (Reuters, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, In Missouri a jury recommended that St. Louis County police Sgt. Keith Wildhaber be awarded nearly $20 million after finding the department discriminated against him because he's gay.
    (AP, 10/26/19)
2019        Oct 25, In South Carolina former Greenville County Sheriff Will Lewis, found guilty of misconduct for using his power and office to push a personal assistant to have sex with him, was sentenced to the maximum of a year in prison.
    (AP, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, Facebook unveiled Facebook News, its latest foray into digital publishing.
    (SFC, 10/26/19, p.D1)
2019        Oct 25, Target Corp became the latest retailer to remove all 22-ounce bottles of Johnson & Johnson baby powder from its stores, after the healthcare conglomerate recalled some bottles because of possible asbestos contamination.
    (Reuters, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, Argentina's central bank kept selling dollars in defense of the beleaguered peso, with concerns rising about the bank's falling reserves ahead of the Oct. 27 presidential election dreaded by the financial markets.
    (Reuters, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, It was reported that Australia has banned climbers on Uluru, one of the country's landmarks that is sacred to its indigenous custodians. The UNESCO World Heritage Site, formerly known as Ayers Rock, will become permanently off limits to climbers from Oct. 26 after a decades-long fight by the Anangu people, the traditional owners of Uluru.
    (Reuters, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, Bolivian elections officials said Pres. Evo Morales had received 47% of the Oct. 20 vote with a margin large enough to avoid a runoff.
    (SSFC, 10/27/19, p.A5)
2019        Oct 25, British police arrested a 4th person in connection with the deaths of 39 people found in the back of a truck two days earlier. A man (48) from Northern Ireland was arrested on suspicion of involvement in the deaths. The bodies were found in the back of a truck at the Waterglade Industrial Park, Essex, which had arrived in the UK from Belgium.
    (AP, 10/25/19)(SFC, 10/26/19, p.A2)(Reuters, 10/26/19)
2019        Oct 25, In China Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro met Chinese leaders including Xi Jinping in Beijing, as the Latin American leader looks to balance his tilt toward the US.
    (Bloomberg, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, EU ambassadors agreed in principle to delay Brexit, but set no new date.
    (Reuters, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, Iraqi police fired live shots into the air as well as rubber bullets and dozens of tear gas canisters to disperse thousands of anti-government protesters, sending young demonstrators running for cover and enveloping a main bridge in Baghdad with thick white smoke. The anti-government violence claimed the lives of 42 people.
    (AP, 10/25/19)(AP, 10/26/19)
2019        Oct 25, In Iraq at least three people died when a Shi'ite militia group opened fire on a group of protesters attempting to break into the group's local offices in the southern city of Nasiriya.
    (AP, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, Torrential rains battered parts of eastern Japan, killing at least four people, causing rivers to overflow and prompting evacuation orders for hundreds of thousands two weeks after the areas were hit by floods and high winds from Typhoon Hagibis.
    (Reuters, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, Lebanese banks, universities and schools remained closed on the ninth day of nationwide protests. Hassan Nasrallah, the leader of Lebanon's militant Hezbollah, called on his supporters to leave anti-government protests to avoid friction and seek dialogue instead.
    (AP, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, In northern Mexico three people were killed and hundreds evacuated from their homes as fires spread through forests near the US border.
    (Reuters, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, In the Philippines David Navarro, a town mayor on Mindanao listed on President Rodrigo Duterte's list of local officials suspected to have drug links, was killed by still unidentified gunmen. Navarro was arrested by the police a day earlier after he was accused of assaulting a massage therapist in Cebu.
    (Reuters, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, The Russian Defense Ministry said it has sent hundreds of additional troops to Syria to help patrol the country's Turkey-Syria border after a deal between Moscow and Ankara.
    (AP, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, Russian soldier Ramil Shamsutdinov (20) killed eight of his comrades and wounded two others in a shooting outburst at a base in Siberia before being apprehended.
    (AP, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, Serbia's Pres. Aleksandar Vucic praised Russia for sending sophisticated anti-aircraft missiles to joint air defense drills, the first such deployment by Moscow to a country seeking to join the European Union.
    (AP, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, Serbian PM Ana Brnabic went to Moscow to sign a free trade deal with the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), Russian President Vladimir Putin’s hapless EU clone. The new agreement extends the cooperation to Armenia and Kyrgyzstan. As Serbia worked on the deal, it received repeated warnings from the EU that this represented an unwelcome detour from the European path.
    (Bloomberg, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, Yemeni officials said the internationally-recognized government and southern separatists have reached an initial agreement to end their infighting in the country's south. The tentative deal between the separatists and the government envisages the formation of a new Cabinet with equal representation of northern and southern politicians, excluding the Houthis.
    (AP, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, A massive march that Zimbabwe's government tried to rouse for a new anti-sanctions public holiday appeared to fizzle, as just hundreds of people turned out in Harare, instead of the many thousands the ruling party had in mind.
    (AP, 10/25/19)
2019        Oct 25, Humane Society International said Zimbabwe has sent about 30 young elephants to China this week, where they will be held in zoos. Authorities said at least 55 elephants have starved to death in the past two months in Hwange National Park as drought dries up water sources and overcrowding results in massive loss of habitat. The park has a carrying capacity of 15,000 elephants but is home to more than 50,000.
    (AP, 10/25/19)

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