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Wyoming is the Equality State
150Mil BC-145Mil BC Most of the dinosaur
fossils at Thermopolis, Wyo., were from this period. The area had a
humid, tropical climate with many streams. Diplodocus,
Monolophosaurus, and Camarasaur, a 60-foot-tall plant-eater, were
some of the creatures found.
(SFEC, 4/27/97, p.T1,5)
80Mil BC Upper Cretaceous Lance Formation in
Montana, Wyoming and S. Dakota has fossils of Pachycephalosaurus
(thick-headed lizards). They stood on two feet and were herbivorous.
They had a dome-like development on the skull made of solid bone,
most likely used in combat as a battering ram. It stood 5m and had
spikes on its nose and around the back of its skull.
(TE-JB, p.91)(Econ, 10/27/12, p.81)
c65 Million In 1998 fossilized fragments of a tiny
shrew-like mammal, Batodonoides, were reported from north-central
Wyoming. It weighed as little as 1.3 grams.
(SFC, 10/1/98, p.A2)
55Mil BC An increase in temperature prompted a
major shift in plant distribution. In 2005 scientist reported that
Earth warmed 9 to 18 degrees over a 10,000 years to a warm period
that lasted 80-120 thousand years. Plants in the southern US spread
1,000 miles from the gulf Coast to Wyoming, and disappeared when the
climate cooled off.
(SFC, 11/11/05, p.A7)
55Mil BC Alligators and palm trees inhabited
Wyoming during the Palaeocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM).
(Econ, 2/25/06, p.82)
52Mil BC In 2008 the fossil of a bat from this
time indicated that it could fly but not navigate through
echolocation. It was found in Wyoming and scientists named it
Onychonycteridae finneyi, meaning clawed bat due to claws on all
(SFC, 2/14/08, p.A2)
52Mil BC Fossil Lake in south-west Wyoming dated
to about this time. It later become known for its millions of
fossils preserved in layers of limestone and volcanic ash. In 2009
scientists believed that repeated die outs in the lake were caused
by neurotoxins created by dinoflagellates.
(Econ, 10/3/09, p.99)
50Mil BC The Fossil Butte Member of the Green
River Formation in southwest Wyoming represents the sedimentary
remains of an ancient lake community that dates to this time.
Crocodiles inhabited Wyoming.
(NH, 7/98, p.66)(Econ, 9/9/06, p.11)
640000BC Volcanic eruptions in northwest Wyoming,
extending to Idaho and Montana, created a caldera some 40 miles long
and 30 miles wide. The surface collapsed thousands of feet into a
magma pool and marked the area later known as Yellowstone.
Continuing eruptions caused climactic changes around the world.
(SFEC, 10/18/98, p.T5)(HC, 10/10/06)
c6000BC Remains of a probable human structure in
Hells Gap were dated to this time.
(SFC, 9/19/97, p.A3)
1830 Jul 4, William Sublette, a
trapper and explorer, named Independence Rock when he celebrated his
54th birthday there.
(SFC, 8/13/98, p.A3)
1836 Jul 4, Narcissa Prentiss
Whitman and Eliza Hart Spaulding made a marker at South Pass Wyoming
as the first European women to cross the continent.
(SFC, 8/18/98, p.A8)
1842 John C. Fremont, on a
mission for the Army Corps of Topographical Engineers, scaled a
13,570 foot Wyoming peak, later named after him, and claimed it was
the highest in the Rockies.
(SFEC, 2/13/00, BR p.5)
1842 Gold was found near South
Pass, but the prospector was killed by Indians and the location
(SFC, 8/18/98, p.A8)
1845 Dec 29, Texas (comprised
of the present State of Texas and part of New Mexico, Colorado, and
Wyoming) was admitted as the 28th state, with the provision that the
area (389, 166 square miles) should be divided into no more than
five states "of convenient size." Sam Houston insisted on
maintaining control of offshore waters as a condition of joining the
union. The annexation of Texas led Mexico and the US to prepare for
(AP, 12/29/97)(Econ, 7/1/06, p.29)(SFC, 1/11/20,
1851 Sep 17, The Fort Laramie
Treaty was signed between the US government treaty commissioners and
representatives of the Cheyenne, Sioux, Arapaho, Crow, Assiniboine,
Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nations. The Sioux pledged not to
harass the wagon trains traveling the Oregon Trail in exchange for a
$50,000 annuity. The treaty did not last long. Some 12,000 American
Indians gathered at Fort Laramie for a peace council with the US.
The government agreed that 12 million acres of the Mandan, Hidatsa
and Arikara Indians would remain free of settlement (eastern
Montana, northeastern Wyoming and western North Dakota). In 1949
Congress authorized a forced relocation to build the Garrison Dam in
North Dakota. In 1986 Martin Cross won a settlement of $149.2
million for the unjust taking of reservation land. In 2004 Paul
VanDevelder authored “Coyote Warrior: One Man, Three Tribes, and the
Trial that Forged a Nation.”
p.43)(SSFC, 8/29/04, p.M5)
1856 Oct, More than 200 Mormons
died near Martin’s Cove, Wyo., as they migrated West using
(SFC, 8/13/98, p.A9)
1860 A US government expedition
explored the northwest border of the Wyoming territory. Ferdinand
Hayden (30) served as doctor and geologist.
(ON, 11/02, p.1)
1866 Dec 21, Indians led by Red
Cloud and Crazy Horse killed Captain William J. Fetterman and 79
other men who had ventured out from Fort Phil Kearny to cut wood.
U.S. Army Captain William J. Fetterman once boasted, "Give me 80 men
and I'll march through the whole Sioux nation!" When Lakota warriors
under the overall leadership of Chief Red Cloud gathered around Fort
Phil Kearny (in what is now Wyoming), Fetterman got command of his
80 men. Disobeying the orders of his commander, Colonel Henry B
Carrington, not to proceed beyond the Lodge Trail Ridge, Fetterman
pursued a band of retreating Indians--and rode right into a waiting
trap, allegedly laid by the Ogallala warrior Crazy Horse. Fetterman,
his executive officer and 78 troopers were wiped out.
(HNPD, 12/21/98)(HN, 12/21/98)
1866 Dec 26, Native American’s
handed the U.S. Army their worst defeat prior to Little Big Horn at
the Fetterman Fight in Powder River County in the Dakota territory.
[see Dec 21]
1866 More gold was found near
South Pass and a rush led to the growth of South Pass City to a
population of 3,000.
(SFC, 8/18/98, p.A8)
1866-1868 When the US government tried to force
the Sioux back to Fort Laramie, the Indians responded with attacks
that culminated in Red Cloud’s War of this period. Red Cloud's War
of 1866-'68 was waged in opposition to the development by the U.S.
government of a trail through Wyoming and Montana to the Montana
gold camps. The two-year war was waged between the Lakota Sioux, led
by Ogallala chief Red Cloud, and the U.S. Army. On December 21,
1866, the Sioux won a major victory, wiping out the entire command
of 80 men under Capt. William J. Fetterman. The war ended with the
signing of the Laramie Treaty, which included the closure of the
Bozeman Trail and U.S. abandonment of three forts.
(HT, 3/97, p.43)(HNQ, 8/22/98)
1867 Jul 25, President Andrew
Johnson signed an act creating the territory of Wyoming. [see Jul
1868 Apr 29, The US government
and the Sioux Indians signed a treaty that ended Red Cloud’s War.
The 1868 treaty at Fort Laramie (Wyoming Territory) made the Black
Hills part of the Great Sioux Reservation.
p.37)(AH, 6/03, p.36)
1868 Jul 25, Congress passed an
act creating the Wyoming Territory. [see Jul 25, 1867]
1869 May 24, John Wesley Powell
departed Green River City, Wyoming, with 9 men on an expedition to
explore the canyons of the Green and Colorado River. Over 3 years he
led two expeditions to explore the Grand Canyon. Three members of
the first expedition were killed, reportedly by Indians. His written
account was suspected to be inflated if not fictitious. A 1997 novel
by Oakley Hall, “Separations,” depicted the events.
(HFA, ‘96, p.127)(SFC, 4/23/97, p.D5)(ON, 5/02,
1869 Dec 10, Governor John
Campbell signed a bill that granted women in the Wyoming Territory
the right to vote as well as hold public office. Esther Morris had
pressed state senator William Bright to sponsor the suffrage bill.
Wyoming became the 1st US state to enfranchise women.
(AP, 12/10/97)(HN, 12/10/98)(USAW, 5/19/02, p.8)
1870 Jan 19, Nathaniel
Langford, agent of the Northern Pacific Railroad Co., presented a
lecture in Wash. DC on the challenges of building a RR through the
northern Rockies and reported that Yellowstone Valley contained
dozens of geysers. This prodded Ferdinand Hayden to seek
Congressional support for a scientific expedition to the valley.
(ON, 11/02, p.2)
1870 Aug 17, Esther Morris was
named a justice of the peace in South Pass City, the first woman to
hold public office in the US.
(SFC, 8/18/98, p.A8)(SC, 8/17/02)
1871 Jul 26, Ferdinand Hayden
(1830-1887) and his government sponsored team arrived at the
Yellowstone Lake and the geyser fields.
(ON, 11/02, p.3)
1872 Mar 1, President Ulysses
S. Grant signed a measure creating Yellowstone National Park (Idaho,
Montana, Wyoming). The act of Congress creating Yellowstone National
Park was based on a report from an expedition led by Ferdinand
Hayden. The 2.2 million-acre preserve was the first step in a
national park system. Nathaniel Pitt Langford (39) was appointed the
(SFC, 5/19/96, Z1, p.2)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)(ON,
11/02, p.4)(PCh, 1992, p.526)(AP, 3/1/08)
1872 Jun 4, Kentucky conmen
Philip Arnold (40) and John Slack took a party of San Francisco
investors, including Asbury Harpending, to a site in Wyoming where
diamonds and other precious stones were salted about. The con job
took in hundreds of thousands of dollars before geologist Clarence
King (30) identified the Wyoming site as a scam.
(SFC, 4/26/14, p.D2)
1874 Jul 2, Colonel Custer
departed from Fort Abraham Lincoln with some 1,000 soldiers and 70
Indian scouts on a 1200 mile expedition to chart the Black Hills of
eastern Wyoming western South Dakota, land which belonged to the
Sioux. The expedition returned on August 30.
(AH, 6/03, p.37)
1877-1880 Arthur Lakes, geologist, filled field
journals with eyewitness reports on the early days of vertebrate
paleontology in Wyoming. In 1997 Michael F. Kohl and John S.
McIntosh edited his work in the book: “Discovering Dinosaurs in the
(NH, 6/97, p.12)
1878 Cheyenne Indians fled to
the Powder River home in Wyoming. The Howard Fast novel “Freedom
Road” (1941) told their story.
(SFC, 3/13/03, p.A21)
1885 Sep 2, In Rock Springs,
Wyoming Territory, 28 Chinese laborers were killed and hundreds more
chased out of town by striking coal miners.
(HN, 9/2/98)(SFEC, 2/6/00, Rp.10)
1889 Feb 4, Harry Longabaugh
was released from Sundance Prison in Wyoming, thereby acquiring the
famous nickname, “the Sundance Kid.”
1890 Jul 10, Wyoming became the
(AP internet 7/10/97)(HN, 7/10/98)
1896 Cody, Wyoming, was
founded. It was named after William "Buffalo Bill" Cody in the hopes
that his reputation would bring settlers. Cody guards the eastern
gate to Yellowstone, the country’s first official national park,
accessed through the Wapiti Valley of the Shoshone National Forest,
the first such forest. Buffalo Bill guided hunting parties, and even
Yale paleontologist O.C. Marsh, through the Yellowstone and Big Horn
Basin area as early as 1871. Although he played a limited role in
the founding of the town that would eventually bear his name (at his
suggestion), he contributed much to its development.
1896 The US Army took over the
operation of Yellowstone National Park.
(SFEC, 10/18/98, p.T5)
1897 Sep 23, The 1st frontier
days rodeo celebration in Cheyenne, Wyoming, was held. By 1998 it
had become the world’s largest outdoor rodeo.
(SFEC, 6/28/98, p.T3)(MC, 9/23/01)
1901 Jul 18, Willie Nickell,
14, was murdered. In 1903 42-year-old hired gunman Tom Horn, a
one-time scout in the Indian wars, was hanged for the murder.
1902 Apr 14, James Cash Penney
(J.C. Penney) opened his first Golden Rule Store for clothes, shoes
and dry goods in Kemmerer, Wyoming. It grew to a chain and was
renamed J.C. Penney in 1913. By 1929 there were 1,395 stores in the
1903 Nov 20, In Cheyenne,
Wyoming, 42-year-old hired gunman and stock detective Tom Horn was
hanged for the 1901 murder of Willie Nickell (14). Horn had made a
controversial confession to U.S. Deputy Marshal Joseph S. LeFors
that was pivotal in the conviction.
1905-1976 The Governor’s Mansion in Cheyenne was
home to the state governors over this period.
(SSFC, 5/19/02, p.C7)
1906 Sep 24, Devils Tower, the
first US National Monument, was designated by President Theodore
Roosevelt. Devils Tower is a volcanic rock formation, rising 867
feet over a base of gray igneous rock at 1,700 feet, located in the
Black Hills of Wyoming.
(SSFC, 6/18/06, p.G5)(www.nps.gov/deto/)
1912 Jan 28, Jackson Pollock
(d.1956), "Jack the Dripper", expressionist painter (Lavender Mist),
was born in Cody, Wyoming. Leader of the abstract expressionist
school of art. He filled two sketchbooks between 1937-1939 and
another from 1938-1941.
(AHD, 1971, p.1015)(WSJ, 11/5/97, p.A20)
1912 The 25,000 acre National
Elk Refuge was established outside of Jackson Hole, Wyoming.
(SSFC, 1/6/02, p.C7)
1916 Apr 21, Bill Carlisle, the
infamous ‘last train robber,’ robbed a train in Hanna, Wyoming.
1918 Jan 1, The first gasoline
pipeline began operation with 40 miles of three inch pipe from Salt
Creek to Casper, Wyoming.
1919 Jan 16, Nebraska, Wyoming
and Missouri became the 36th, 37th and 38th states to ratify
Prohibition, which went into effect a year later. Prohibition became
law in the US with the passage of the Volstead Act on Oct 28, which
enforced and defined the 18th Amendment. It was passed over
President Wilson's veto with the necessary two-thirds majority of
(WSJ, 8/22/96, p.A14)(AP, 1/16/98)
1919 Jul 31, Curt Gowdy
(d.2006), later leading sports announcer, was born in Green River,
(SFC, 2/21/06, p.B5)
1922 Apr 7, U.S.
Secretary of Interior leased Naval Reserve #3, "Teapot Dome,"
in Wyoming to Harry F. Sinclair.
(HN, 4/7/97)(MC, 4/7/02)
1922 Apr 15, Wyoming Democratic
Senator John Kendrick introduced a resolution that set in motion one
of the most significant investigations in Senate history. On the
previous day, the Wall Street Journal had reported an unprecedented
secret arrangement in which the Secretary of the Interior, without
competitive bidding, had leased the U.S. naval petroleum reserve at
Wyoming's Teapot Dome to a private oil company. Wisconsin Republican
Senator Robert La Follette arranged for the Senate Committee on
Public Lands to investigate the matter. His suspicions deepened
after someone ransacked his Russell Building office.
1922 The Colorado River Compact
allocated 7.5 million acre-feet of water from the upper basin states
(Wyoming, Colorado, Utah and New Mexico) to be delivered to the
lower basin sates (California, Arizona and Nevada) plus the rights
to divert another 1 million acre-feet from the river’s lower
(SFEC, 8/24/97, p.A10)(SFCM, 7/17/05, p.6)
1923 Oct 25, The Teapot Dome
scandal came to public attention as Senator Thomas J. Walsh of
Montana, subcommittee chairman, revealed the findings of the past 18
months of investigation. His case would result in the conviction of
Harry F. Sinclair of Mammoth Oil, and later Secretary of the
Interior Albert B. Fall, the first cabinet member in American
history to go to jail. The scandal, named for the Teapot Dome oil
reserves in Wyoming, involved Fall secretly leasing naval oil
reserve lands to private companies. The administration of President
Warren G. Harding was rocked by the Elk Hills Scandal-also known as
the Teapot Dome Scandal or Oil Reserves Scandal. In 1921 and 1922
Harding’s secretary of the interior, Albert B. Fall secretly granted
Mammoth Oil exclusive rights to California’s Teapot Dome oil
reserves and portions of the Elk Hills and Buena Vista Hills
reserves to American Petroleum, in exchange for some $300,000.
Supervision of the oil reserves had been transferred from the Navy
to the Department of the Interior in 1921. Fall was imprisoned for
accepting a bribe in the Elk Hills case and the Supreme court ruled
Harding’s transfer illegal.
(HN, 10/25/98)(HNQ, 4/19/99)
1924 Nov 4, Nellie T. Ross of
Wyoming was elected the nation's first woman governor; she was to
serve the remaining term of William B. Ross, her husband who died in
office. Miriam Ferguson was elected the second women governor in
(AP, 11/4/97)(HN, 11/4/98)
1925 Jan 5, Nellie Tayloe Ross
(1876-1977) of Wyoming was sworn in as the first woman governor in
the United States. She succeeded Frank E. Lucas, who had served as
acting governor after the death of Ross' husband, William B. Ross.
Ross took office as governor of Wyoming, just 16 days before
Miriam A. Ferguson became governor of Texas.
1926 The last grey wolf
disappeared from the Yellowstone region. By 1973 only a few wolves
remained in northern Michigan and Minnesota. In 1995 the federal
government reintroduced wolves to the greater Yellowstone region
(Idaho, Montana, Wyoming) and by 2008 their population reached
(Econ, 3/29/08, p.44)
1927 May 18, "Slide Lake" in
Gros Ventre, WY, collapsed.
1929 Feb 26, President Coolidge
signed a measure establishing Grand Teton National Park In Wyoming.
(AP, Internet, 2/26/98)(WUD, 1994, p.615)
1929 Oct 25, Former US
Interior Secretary Albert B. Fall was convicted of accepting a
$100,000 bribe in connection with the Elk Hills Naval Oil Reserve in
California. This conviction was in addition to the one he received
for accepting kickbacks in conjunction with the Wyoming Teapot Dome
Scandal. Fall served under Pres. Warren Harding, but it is unclear
if Harding was aware of any wrongdoing. [see Oct 25, 1923]
(AP, 10/25/97)(SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.7)(SFEC,
1933-1955 Nellie Tayloe Ross, former governor,
served as the first woman director of the U.S. Mint.
1937 Ruel Call opened a small
filling station in Afton, Wyoming. He was one of the grandsons of
Anson Vasco Call, who had 4 wives and 37 children. In the early
1960s Ruel launched his own gasoline brand, Maverik. In the
mid-1960s his nephew, O. Jay Call, launched Flying J, a discount
fuel retailer. In May, 2004, Kristen Call and her father Bill
launched iFuel, a discount gasoline retailer that used the Internet
for paying with bank transfers.
(WSJ, 5/4/06, p.A10)
1937-1938 An infestation of Mormon crickets
(Anabrus simplex) in Montana and Wyoming caused nearly $1 million in
(SFC, 5/19/01, p.A3)
1942 The Heart Mountain
Relocation Center in Wyoming began to serve as an internment camp
for some 10,000 Japanese Americans. It’s story was later documented
by Mamoru Inouye in “The Heart Mountain Story” with photographs by
Hansel Mieth and Otto Hagel.
(SFC, 2/17/98, p.E4)
1943 The US Kooskia Internment
Camp for people of Japanese ancestry opened in northern Idaho. It
operated until the end of WWII and held more than 250 detainees.
Similar camps included Manzanar in California, Heart Mountain in
Wyoming and Minidoka in Idaho.
(SFC, 7/27/13, p.A7)
1946 May 28, Madeleine Le Roux,
Broadway actress (Cry Uncle), was born in Wyoming.
1946 Jul 14, Heart Mountain,
Wyoming, Japanese-American draft resisters were released from McNeil
(SFC, 10/26/01, p.A28)
1955 Oct 6, A United Airlines
plane bound for SF crashed in Wyoming killing 66 people. It was the
worst commercial airline crash to date in US history.
(SFC, 9/30/05, p.F3)
1959 Richard B. Cheney, US
Vice-President under George W. Bush (2001), graduated from Natrona
County high School in Caspar.
(WSJ, 6/12/01, p.A1)
1968 Oct 1, The US Congress
created the Flaming Gorge National Recreation Area in Wyoming.
1971 Feb 12, James Cash Penney
(b.1875), US founder of the J.C. Penney stores, died in NYC. His
first store, a branch of the Colorado based Golden Rule stores
(1902), was in Kemmerer, Wyoming.
1975 Jul 28, The US Dept of
Interior designated the grizzly bear a threatened species in the
lower 48 states under the US Endangered Species Act. Most of the
bears in the lower US lived in and around Yellowstone National Park
in Idaho, Montana and Wyoming.
1975 The Jonah gas field was
discovered in western Wyoming.
(Econ, 8/20/05, p.27
1981 In Wyoming a rancher found
a solitary enclave of the black-footed ferret. The prairie-dg-eating
member of the weasel family had been thought to be extinct. Plans in
2013 called for boosting the ferret count to 3,000 across its
12-state historic range.
(SFC, 12/24/13, p.A4)
1988 May, Fires were ignited in
Yellowstone Nat’l. Park by lightning. The fires expanded to become
the largest single fire in the US since the Peshtigo inferno of
1873. The fires lasted to Sep.
(HFA, '96, p.71)(SFC, 6/22/98, p.A4)
1989 Mar 17, The Senate
unanimously confirmed Wyoming Congressman Dick Cheney to be
secretary of defense, following the failed nomination of former Sen.
(AP, Internet, 3/17/99)
1991 Oct 21, Steamboat Geyser
erupted in Yellowstone National Park. The next eruption did not
occur until 2000.
(SFC, 5/6/00, p.B8)
1996 Apr 11, Jessica Dubroff
(7) was killed with her father and flight instructor when their
Cessna Cardinal 177B crashed during bad weather in Cheyenne,
Wyoming. She was attempting to become the youngest person to fly
across the US.
(SFC, 4/16/96, p.A-1,11)(AP, 4/11/97)
1998 Oct 7, In Laramie, Wyo.,
Matthew Shepard (22), a gay student at the University of Wyoming,
was found beaten, burned and tied to a wooden ranch fence. Police
arrested Russel Arthur Henderson (21) and Aaron McKinney for
attempted murder, kidnapping and robbery. Also picked up as
accessories to the charges were Chastity Vera Pasley (20) and
Kristen Leann Price (18). Shepard died Oct 12. Pasley was sentenced
in 1999 to 15-24 months in jail for lying to police and destroying
evidence. [See Oct 12] Henderson and McKinney were later convicted
and sentenced to life in prison.
(SFC, 10/10/98, p.A3)(SFC, 10/13/98, p.A1)(SFC,
5/22/99, p.A11)(AP, 10/7/99)
1998 Oct 12, Matthew Shepard, a
gay student at the University of Wyoming, died in fort Collins,
Colorado, five days after he was beaten and lashed to a fence; two
men were charged with his murder. Russell Henderson later pleaded
guilty to murder and kidnapping; a second suspect, Aaron McKinney,
was convicted of felony murder, kidnapping and aggravated robbery.
McKinney was sentenced to 2 life terms.
(SFC, 10/13/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/12/99)(SFC, 11/4/99,
p.A1)(SFC, 11/5/99, p.A1)
1999 Jan 3, Cindy Thompson
Dixon (40) was found dead near a road about 5 miles north of
Laramie. She was reported to have frozen to death after leaving a
bar. She was the mother of Russell Henderson (21), who was waiting
in jail for trial in the death of Matthew Shepard. Henderson pleaded
guilty to murder in 1999 to avoid a trial and possible death
sentence. He was sentenced to 2 consecutive life terms without
eligibility for parole.
(SFC, 1/5/99, p.A3)(SFC, 1/6/99, p.A3)(SFC,
1999 Nov 3, In Laramie,
Wyoming, Aaron McKinney (22) was convicted of murder in the October
6-7, 1998, beating of gay Wyoming college student Matthew Shepard
(21). Shepard died on October 12, 1998, at Poudre Valley Hospital in
Fort Collins, Colorado. McKinney and Russell Henderson, who pleaded
guilty to kidnapping and murder, were sentenced to life in prison.
McKinney had faced the possibility of being sentenced to death by
lethal injection. A deal was reached after Shepard’s parents agreed
to accept two life terms in prison for their son’s killer.
1999 Dec 27, It was reported
that gas producers were scrambling for mineral rights in the Powder
River Basin where local coal reserves were estimated to hold 10
trillion cubic feet of recoverable methane gas. Extraction of the
gas included the release of large quantities of water.
(WSJ, 12/27/99, p.A1)
2000 Dec 13, Pres. Clinton
declared Wyoming a disaster area following a month of storms.
(WSJ, 12/14/00, p.A1)
2000 Mark Spragg authored the
essays "Where Rivers Change Direction," based on his adolescence as
the son of a dude-ranch operator in Wyoming.
(SFEC, 1/30/00, BR p.8)
2000 The Mexican Sagaste-Cruz
drug ring moved in and near Wind River Reservation of Wyoming to
deal methamphetamine. They started with free meth samples. The men
pursued Indian women, providing them with meth even as they romanced
them and fathered their children. Eventually, the women needed to
support their habit, so they became dealers and used free samples to
recruit new customers.
2001 May 26, Laurence
Rockefeller donated his 1,106-acre ranch to the national parks
system. It was within the 310,000-acre Grand Teton National Park and
would become part of the park in 2006.
(SSFC, 5/27/01, p.A6)
2003 Mar 18, A major snowstorm
hit Colorado and Wyoming with over 3-6 feet of snow. The Denver
(SFC, 3/19/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 3/20/03, p.A1)
2004 Feb 3, Wyoming Gov.
Freudenthal said he supports state term limits and that voters
should be the ones to decide whether to keep it.
(USAT, 2/4/04, p.9A)
2004 Oct 15, A federal judge
struck down a 2001 Clinton-era ban on snowmobiles in Yellowstone and
Grand Teton national parks.
(SFC, 10/16/04, p.A4)
2005 Jun 27, Wal-Mart heir John
T. Walton (58), crashed and died while at the controls of a
homemade, experimental aircraft near Jackson Hole Airport, Wyoming.
His net worth was over $18 billion. Walton supported efforts to
educate low-income children.
(AP, 6/28/05)(SFC, 6/28/05, p.A2)
2005 Aug 12, Residents of
Wright, Wyoming, had just 5 minutes warning before a tornado tore
into a mobile home park, killing two people and destroying dozens of
2005 Oct 18, Scientists
announced that tracks of a previously unknown swimming dinosaur have
been found along the shores of an ancient sea in Wyoming.
2005 Dec 20, Wyoming planned to
embark on an $8.8 million, five-year cloud-seeding project that aims
to bolster mountain snowpack, and possibly yield proof of whether
cloud seeding actually works.
2006 Jan 25, It was reported
that Wyoming rancher Allen Cook (57), with no connection to the
University of Pittsburgh, has given the school 4,700 acres of land
littered with dinosaur fossils.
2006 May 22, AP reported that
the Wyoming Department of Family Services has funneled tens of
thousands of dollars to a grant program administered by a private
religious corporation that has funded churches, ministries and
religiously oriented anti-abortion centers.
2007 Jan 4, Pieces of a spent
Russian rocket reentered the atmosphere over Colorado and Wyoming,
showering parts of the western United States with space debris.
2007 Feb 1, Montana sued
Wyoming in the Supreme Court saying its neighbor takes more Tongue-
and Powder- River water that it is entitled to.
(WSJ, 2/2/07, p.A1)
2007 Jun 4, US Sen. Craig
Thompson (74), 3-term Republican conservative from Wyoming, died of
(SFC, 6/5/07, p.A5)
2007 Jun 22, In Wyoming
Republican legislator John Barrasso was named as the country’s
newest US senator to replace the late Craig Thomas.
(SFC, 6/23/07, p.A3)
2007 Jul 15, In Cheyenne,
Wyoming, Robin Munis was shot in the head just after midnight
Saturday as she sang with the classic rock and country group Ty and
the Twisters. Police searched for David Munis (36), a National
Guardsman with sniper training who they suspect shot his wife.
Police located David Munis’ pickup truck the next in rural Albany
County. As they closed in on the suspect and called for him to
surrender, Munis shot himself in the chest. He was flown to Laramie,
Wyoming, where he was pronounced dead on July 18th.
2007 Aug 25, Wyoming
Republicans decided to hold their delegate selection process on Jan
5, 2008, before both Iowa and New Hampshire.
(SFC, 8/30/07, p.A8)
2007 Dec 23, High wind and ice
coated power lines blacked out tens of thousands of people in the
Midwest. The storm was blamed for at least 22 deaths. At least 8
people in Minnesota, 5 in Wisconsin, 3 each in Indiana and Wyoming
and one each in Michigan, Texas and Kansas were killed in traffic
(AP, 12/23/07)(WSJ, 12/24/07, p.A1)(SFC,
2008 Mar 8, Sen. Barack Obama
captured the Wyoming Democratic caucuses, seizing a bit of momentum
in the close, hard-fought race with rival Sen. Hillary Rodham
Clinton for the party's presidential nomination.
2008 Mar 28, The grey wolf of
the northern Rocky Mountains was taken off the federal protection
list after reaching a population of some 1,500 in the greater
Yellowstone region. Wolves were reintroduced in 1995 after
disappearing from the area in 1926. On July 18 a judge restored
protection for the wolves in Montana, Wyoming and Idaho, derailing
plans for public wolf hunts this fall. On Sep 29 a federal court
overturned the Bush administration’s decision to remove gray wolves
from the endangered species list in the Great lakes region.
(Econ, 3/29/08, p.44)(SFC, 7/19/08, p.A4)(WSJ,
2008 Oct 14, Gray wolves in the
northern US Rocky Mountains returned to the endangered species list,
thanks to a court victory by environmental groups over the US
government [see May 28, 2008].
2008 Dec 29, Yellowstone
National Park was jostled by a host of small earthquakes for a third
straight day, and scientists watched closely to see whether the more
than 250 tremors were a sign of something bigger to come.
2009 Feb 25, US Interior Sec.
Ken Salazar scrapped leases, created under the Bush administration,
on federal land for oil-shale development in Colorado, Utah and
2009 May 4, Wolves in parts of
the northern Rockies and the Great Lakes region come off the
endangered species list, opening them to public hunts in some states
for the first time in decades. States such as Idaho and Montana
planned to resume hunting the animals this fall, but no hunting has
been proposed in the Great Lakes region. About 300 wolves in Wyoming
will remain on the list because the US Fish and Wildlife Service
rejected the state's plan for a "predator zone" where wolves could
be shot on sight. An estimated 4,000 wolves lived in Michigan,
Wisconsin and Minnesota.
2009 Apr 27, In Japan Univ. of
Wyoming professor Craig Arnold (41), an award-winning poet, was
reported missing after he failed to return from a hike on the tiny
island of Kuchinoerabu-jima, about 30 miles (50 km) off the coast of
southern Kyushu island.
2010 Mar 3, Wyoming Gov. Dave
Freudenthal signed legislation adopting an official Wyoming state
code. Its “cowboy ethics” admonishments to residents included such
phrases as: “ to live courageously, take pride in work, and to keep
(SFC, 3/4/10, p.A8)
2010 Jul 30, In Arizona 3
convicted murderers escaped from a private prison. Daniel Renwick
(36) was caught on Aug 1. Terry Province (42) and John McCluskey
(45) remained at large. On Aug 4, the burned remains of Linda and
Gary Haas (61) were found in a charred camper in Santa Rosa, New
Mexico. Province and McCluskey were linked to their killing as was
Casslyn Welch (44), a woman who helped them escape. Province was
captured on Aug 9 in Meeteetse, Wyoming.
(SFC, 8/2/10, p.A5)(SSFC, 8/8/10, p.A7)(SFC,
2010 Oct 25, In Wyoming a
single-engine plane disappeared after takeoff from the Jackson
airport. The plane’s wreckage was found Nov 1. Luke Bucklin (40) of
Minneapolis and his 3 sons were killed. Bucklin was co-founder of
Sierra Bravo Corp., a web development company.
(SFC, 11/1/10, p.A6)(SFC, 11/3/10, p.A5)
2010 Nov 2, Iowa (Terry
Branstad), Kansas (Sam Brownback), Maine (Paul LePage), Michigan
(Rick Snyder), New Mexico (Susana Martinez), Ohio (John Kasich),
Oklahoma (Mary Fallin), Pennsylvania (Tom Corbett), Tennessee (Bill
Haslam), Wisconsin (Scott Walker), Wyoming (Matt Mead) all replaced
the Democratic governors with Republicans. Snyder (R) defeated
Michigan Gov. Jennifer Granholm (D) by bragging about his managerial
(Econ, 11/6/10, p.45)
2011 Jun 20, Wyoming became the
first state to begin using a suite of cloud computing tools from
Google for its entire executive branch of government, allowing data
and applications to be stored on remote servers and accessed over
the Internet. The system was formally unveiled on June 22 as Gov.
Matt Mead cut a red data cable with scissors.
2011 Jul 6, In Wyoming a female
grizzly bear attacked and killed a man who encountered the bruin and
her cubs while he was hiking with his wife in Yellowstone National
2011 Jul 7, In Wyoming Everett
E. Conant III opened fire inside a mobile home in Wheatland killing
his three sons and a brother. His wife was
wounded. He surrendered without incident and was
charged with first-degree murder, attempted first-degree murder,
battery and a weapons violation.
2011 Aug 29, In eastern Wyoming
3 workers were killed in an oil field explosion on a private ranch
40 miles northeast of Casper.
(SFC, 8/31/11, p.A6)
2011 Dec 8, The US
Environmental Protection Agency announced for the first time that
fracking, a controversial method of improving the productivity of
oil and gas wells, may be to blame for causing groundwater
pollution. The EPA found that compounds likely associated with
fracking chemicals had been detected in the groundwater beneath
Pavillion, a small community in central Wyoming where residents say
their well water reeks of chemicals.
2012 Feb 15, In Wyoming a
search and rescue helicopter crashed while attempting to rescue an
injured snowmobiler. A volunteer crew member was killed.
(SFC, 2/17/12, p.A5)
2012 Mar 10, Rick Santorum won
the Republican caucuses in Kansas picking up 33 of 40 delegates.
Mitt Romney won 7 of 12 delegates in Wyoming.
(SSFC, 3/11/12, p.A12)
2012 Apr 5, Buford, Wyoming,
was purchased by Vietnamese businessman Pham Dinh Nguyen (38). He
bid $900,000 for Buford, which consists of a gas station and
convenience store, a 1905 schoolhouse, a cabin, a garage and a
three-bedroom house on 10 acres between Cheyenne and Laramie. The
town was formed as the Transcontinental Railroad was built in the
1860s. It was sold by Don Sammons, the self-proclaimed "mayor" who
owned it for the past two decades and was its sole inhabitant.
2012 Aug 31, The US Fish and
Wildlife announced the end of protections for wolves in most of
Wyoming. Protections remained in some areas such as Yellowstone
(SFC, 9/1/12, p.A4)
2012 Nov 30, In Caspar,
Wyoming, Christopher Krumm (25) shot his father (56) in the head
with a bow and arrow in front of a computer science class not long
after fatally stabbing his James Krumm’s live-in girlfriend at their
home a couple of miles away. After shooting his father with the
arrow, Christopher Krumm stabbed himself, then fatally stabbed his
father in the chest in a struggle in the classroom.
2013 Mar 2, In Wyoming Ildiko
Freitas (40) and her parents were killed by two intruders at her
home in Cody. Stephen Hammer (19) and Tanner Vanpelt (18) were soon
arrested and charged with murder and robbery.
(SFC, 3/6/13, p.A5)
2013 Jun 7, Paul Cardwell, a
former hospital administrator in Wyoming, was arrested in Thailand.
He was accused of stealing $848,000 from Powell Valley Healthcare in
2011. He was also accused of stealing $846,000 from a hospital in
Monticello, Ind., between 2003 and 2009.
(SSFC, 6/9/13, p.A12)
2013 Oct 7, A record-breaking
storm dropped 4 feet of snow in parts of South Dakota and left over
22,000 homes and businesses without electricity. Tens of thousands
of cattle died in South Dakota. The storm also buried parts of
Wyoming and Colorado and spawned tornadoes in Nebraska and Iowa. At
least 4 people died due to the storm.
(SFC, 10/8/13, p.A5)(SFC, 10/14/13, p.A4)
2013 Dec 20, Wyoming Governor
Matt Mead said his state will challenge a US government ruling that
more than one million acres of the western state's land still
legally belongs to two Native American tribes.
2014 Nov 3, The US Air Force
fired two commanders and disciplined a third for lapses and
misbehavior at intercontinental ballistic missile bases in North
Dakota and Wyoming.
(SFC, 11/5/14, p.A7)
2015 Jan 12, Darrell Winfield,
the “real” Marlboro man (1968-1989) of the Philip Morris Tobacco
Co., died in Riverton, Wyoming. The company began using Marlboro men
in its advertising in 1954.
2016 Jan 22, The leading US
regulator for the coal industry said it suspects Wyoming officials
have wrongly allowed mining companies to forego cleanup insurance.
2016 Jun 9, In Wyoming 3 German
motorcyclists were killed and three injured in a traffic accident
outside of Yellowstone National Park. Manuel Moreno Defuentes (61)
of Oregon was soon charged with misdemeanor homicide by vehicle
after his pickup crashed into a group of motorcyclists.
2016 Jun 21, A federal judge in
Wyoming set aside new regulations for hydraulic fracturing on public
lands that were vehemently opposed by oil and gas producers.
2017 Feb, In Wyoming a new
supercomputer began critical climate change research at the National
Center for Atmospheric Research in Cheyenne. About 70 percent of its
costs came from the National Science Foundation.
(SFC, 2/18/17, p.A11)
2017 Mar 3, A DC federal
appeals court ruled that wolves in Wyoming should be stripped of
Endangered Species Act protections and management given to the state
rather than the US government, a decision that opens the door for
hunting of the animals.
2017 The US Fish and Wildlife
Service lifted protections for 700 grizzly bears in and around
Yellowstone National Park, located in Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming.
(SFC, 8/31/18, p.A9)
2018 Feb 27, Jian Cai, a former
University of Wyoming professor, was ordered to leave the US and
return to China within 90 days. He had pleaded guilty to possessing
child pornography last November. A district judge also ordered Cai
to pay $6,000 in restitution.
2018 Jun 9, In Wyoming two
people were killed when their glider crashed in Grand Teton National
(SFC, 6/11/18, p.A4)
2018 Sep 14, In Wyoming hunting
guide Mark Uptain (37) and client Corey Chubon were attacked by a
bear. Chubom escaped with injuries. Uptain's body was found the next
(SFC, 9/17/18, p.A4)
2018 Nov 8, Raymond Plank
(b.1922), co-founder of Apache Corp., died at his home in Ucross,
(SSFC, 11/11/18, p.C10)
2019 Nov 30, In Wyoming
back-to-back snowstorms and strong winds have combined to make
travel difficult to impossible across much of the state as wintry
caused serious complications for post-Thanksgiving holiday travel
while a powerful storm moves east toward the Midwest.
2020 Jan 6, In Wyoming gunners
contracted by Grand Teton National Park began culling about 100
goats that threatened the park's bighorn sheep herd.
(SFC, 1/6/20, p.A6)
Subject = Wyoming
End of file.