Timeline: Hair

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50000BC    Research on hair DNA in 2011 indicated that the first humans arrived in Australia about this time.
    (SFC, 9/23/11, p.A10)

1644        Chinas Manchu emperors ordered all subjects to shave the top of their heads and wear the rest of their hair in a braid (queu). The men complied until 1911 but the women did not.
    (SFEC, 9/8/96, Z1 p.6)

1675        Aug 6, Russian Czar Aleksei banned foreign haircuts.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1696        In England Isaac Newton (1642-1727) became Warden of the Mint and started combing his hair.
    (Econ, 8/23/03, p.68)

1821        May 5, Napoleon Bonaparte (b.1769), former emperor of France (1799-1815), died in exile on the island of St. Helena. He died by slow poisoning at the hands of his companion Charles Tristan de Montholon. Scottish pathologist Dr. Hamilton Smith later used Napoleons hair to determine that arsenic had been administered about 40 times from 1820-1821. In 2010 a lock of Napoleons hair fetched 140,000 New Zealand dollars ($97,000) at auction. In 1992 Proctor Patterson Jones authored "Napoleon, An Intimate Account." In 1999 an English translation of Jean-Paul Kauffmann's "The Black Room at Longwood: Napoleon's Exile on St. Helena" was published. In 1904 F. De Bouirrienne published "Memoirs of Napoleon Bonaparte." In 1988 S. De Chair edited "Napoleon's Memoirs." In 2014 Andrew Roberts authored Napoleon the Great.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.232)(AP, 5/5/97)(SFEC, 1/18/98, BR p.9)(SFEC, 8/16/98, Z1 p.8)(SFC, 4/8/99, p.C5)(AP, 8/8/97)(SFEC, 8/1/99, Par p.16)(AP, 7/01/10)(Econ, 9/20/14, p.77)

1903        King C. Gillette replaced the cut-throat razor with his safety razor blade.
    (Econ, 12/20/03, p.111)

1904        Nov 15, King C. Gillette patented his Gillette razor blade.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1910        Dec 5, China set this date for the removal of queus (a braid of hair) from the heads of male citizens. This was expected to glut the human hair market.
    (SSFC, 12/19/10, DB p.50)

1927        Chio Uno (1898-1996) scandalized Japanese society by cutting her hair short.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A21)

1944        Aug, In the weeks following the liberation of France some 20,000 women, accused of relations with the enemy, had their heads shaven.
    (Econ, 9/21/13, IL p.22)

1959        Jul 13, In San Francisco city barbers decided to increase the price of haircuts by 25 cents to $2.00, following a meeting of some 300 of the citys 700 barbers.
    (SSFC, 7/12/09, DB p.42)

1964        Jan 9, In San Francisco the Civil Service Commission voted unanimously to uphold the firing of Juvenile Probation Officer James A. Forstner, who refusing to shave his beard.
    (SSFC, 1/5/14, DB p.42)

1965        South Korea banned the use of Chinese hair in its wig industry. By the late 1960s wigs made up roughly 10 percent of the countrys total exports by revenue.
    (Econ 7/29/17, p.33)

1972        In Thailand military dictator Thanom Kittikachorn (1911-2004) introduced a dress code that included drew-cuts for boys and fringeless bobs for girls. Thanom oversaw a decade of military rule from 1963 to 1973, during which he staged a self-coup, until public protests which exploded into violence forced him to step down.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thanom_Kittikachorn)(Econ., 8/8/20, p.31)

1984        The US Navy banned beards. The Navy said it wanted professionally-looking sailors who could wear firefighting masks and breathing apparatuses without interference.
    (SFC, 7/23/18, p.A5)

1988        Aug 18, FDA approved Minoxidil as a hair loss treatment.
    (MC, 8/18/02)

1999        Dec 15, In Virginia a rule took effect for prison inmates to either cut their hair no longer than their collars and shave their beards, or be placed in administrative segregation. Kendall Gibson (21), a Rastafarian by faith and sentenced to 47 years on robbery, abduction and gun charges, refused to have his hair cut and was placed in administrative segregation where he still remained as of 2010.
    (AP, 5/8/10)

2003        Jan 20, Energizer agreed to buy the Shick-Wilkinson Sword razor business for $930 million from Pfizer as it aimed to expand beyond batteries.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R8)

2008        Jan 16, Turkey's PM Erdogan challenged a ban on women wearing head scarves in universities and public offices, saying there is no need to wait for a constitutional change to remove the ban.
    (AP, 1/16/08)

2008        Feb 2, In Turkey tens of thousands of secular Turks rallied against a plan by the government to allow women students to wear the Muslim headscarf at university, a move they say will usher in a stricter form of Islam.
    (Reuters, 2/2/08)

2008        Feb 7, Turkeys lawmakers voted to approve a constitutional amendment allowing female students to enter universities wearing Islamic head scarves, a move that many secular Turks view as an attempt to impose religion on their daily lives.
    (AP, 2/7/08)

2008        Feb 9, Turkeys parliament voted to amend the constitution to lift a decades-old ban on Islamic head scarves at Turkey's universities, despite fierce opposition from the secular establishment.
    (AP, 2/9/08)

2009        Oct 28, Kuwait's highest court ruled that women lawmakers are not obliged by law to wear the headscarf, a blow to Muslim fundamentalists who want to fully impose Islamic Sharia law in this small oil-rich state.
    (AP, 10/28/09)

2010        Mar 4, Gaza's Islamic militant Hamas government banned men from working in women's hair salons. The announcement came amid a Hamas campaign to impose Islamic customs on Gaza's 1.5 million people.
    (AP, 3/4/10)

2010        Apr 13, Indian Sikhs celebrated World Turban Day to demonstrate the importance of retaining the headgear rather than adopting Western-style haircuts.
    (AFP, 4/13/10)

2010        Jul 7, Iranian media reported that the Veil and Modesty  Festival, a fashion organization, has issued a new list of culturally appropriate haircuts for men, possibly indicating a new crackdown on male attire after years of strict rules for women, Iranian media reported.
    (AP, 7/7/10)

2011        Nov 23, US federal authorities in Ohio charged Sam Mullet and six others with hate crimes in haircutting attacks against other Amish.
    (SFC, 11/24/11, p.A14)

2012        May 3, The journal Science reported that a single gene mutation is responsible for the unique pairing of very dark skin and very blond hair in the Solomon Islands. The findings debunked theories Solomon Islanders got their blond hair from intermarrying with European explorers.
    (http://home.topnewstoday.org/Crime/article/2169304/)

2012        May 9, Vidal Sassoon (b.1928), internationally-famed hairstylist, died in Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 5/10/12, p.C7)

2012        Oct 10, In southern Egypt Abu Bakar, a teacher in Luxor province, punished two 12-year-old schoolgirls for not wearing the Muslim headscarf by cutting their hair. On Nov 6 Bakar was given a 6-month suspended sentence for childe abuse and fined $8.
    (AP, 10/17/12)(AP, 11/6/12)

2013        Feb 8, in Ohio Samuel Mullet Sr. (67), the ringleader of hair- and beard-cutting attacks on fellow members of his faith, was sentenced to 15 years in prison. Family members convicted of carrying out his orders got sentences ranging from one to seven years.
    (AP, 2/7/13)

2013        Jun 12, Officials in Hartford, Conn., ordered good Samaritan Anthony Cymerys (82) out of a city park because residents were concerned about the safety and sanitation of his free haircuts to homeless people.
    (AP, 6/13/13)

2014        Aug 6, Chinas state media said Karamay city in the western region of Xinjiang, has banned people with head scarves, veils and long beards from boarding buses, as the government battles unrest with a policy that critics said discriminates against Muslims.
    (Reuters, 8/6/14)

2014        Sep 24, In South Korea Qatari basketballers forfeited a women's match against Mongolia and considered withdrawing from the Asian Games competition after being refused permission to wear a hijab.
    (AP, 9/24/14)

2014        Oct 3, Comer Cottrell (b.1931), black entrepreneur and philantropist, died. His Curly Kit (1980) was the first do-it-yourself product for producing loose waves favored by many top black celebrities. His Pro-Line became a division of Alberto-Culver in 2000.
    (SFC, 10/10/14, p.D5)

2015        Mar 13, Germanys top court ruled that Muslim women teachers can wear headscarves as long as it does not cause disruption in school overturning its own 2003 ban.
    (Reuters, 3/13/15)

2015        Revecca Hercig authored Plucked: A History of Hair Removal.
    (Econ, 2/7/15, p.79)

2016        Apr 4, Air France decided to allow female flight attendants to refuse to work the company's new route to Iran, beginning April 17, for which they must wear a headscarf.
    (AP, 4/4/16)

2016        Jul 13, The French weekly Canard Enchaine reported that Pres. Francois Hollande's hair is kept perfectly groomed at a cost of of 9,895 euros ($10,900) a month. Canard Enchaine also reported that in addition to his salary, the hairdresser was entitled to a "housing allowance" and other "family benefits".
    (AFP, 7/13/16)

2016        Aug 30, A South African school was ordered to suspend allegedly racist hairstyle regulations after black pupils said they had been called monkeys by teachers for wearing banned 'afros'.
    (AFP, 8/30/16)

2016        Dec 28, The New York City Police Dept. announced new rules allowing Sikh officers to wear turbans and grow beards up to a half-inch long.
    (SFC, 12/30/16, p.A6)

2017        Jan 1, In Illinois a new law took effect that mandated an hour of training for stylists, barbers, cosmetologists, hair braiders and nail technicians for abuse training as part of their licensing process.
    (SFC, 1/2/17, p.A4)

2017        May 17, Concert Pharmaceuticals Inc said the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) imposed a clinical hold on a trial testing the company's drug to treat alopecia areata, a type of hair loss.
    (Reuters, 5/17/17)

2017        Oct 25, It was reported that women in Kashmir over the past month have reported over 100 cases of masked men chopping off their hair.
    (SFC, 10/25/17, p.A4)

2017        Dec 13, France-based L'Oreal said it is launching its first wholly plant-based hair dye as cosmetics companies look to win over customers who are becoming increasingly wary of chemical ingredients.
    (Reuters, 12/13/17)

2017        In Iran Vida Movahed (30) was dubbed the "Girl of Enghelab Street" and briefly arrested after she took off her headscarf and held it in the air. A court sentenced her in March, 2018, after finding her guilty of encouraging public "corruption." She was arrested in November. In 2019 she was sentenced to one year in prison but pardoned by the supreme leader.
    (AP, 4/14/19)

2018        Jan 31, Iranian police detained 29 women who removed their obligatory Islamic veils. They were taking part in an antihijab campaign known as White Wednesdays, advocated by the foreign-based Farsi language satellite TV networks. Women showing their hair in public can be jailed for up to two months or fined $25.
    (SFC, 2/2/18, p.A2)

2018        Sep 12, An Egyptian court suspended a ruling that allowed the return to work of policemen with beards which are usually reserved for pious Muslims.
    (AFP, 9/12/18)

2018        Dec 17, In China the wife of detained Chinese lawyer Wang Quanzhang and three supporters shaved their heads and attempted to submit to a Beijing court a petition protesting her husband's indefinite detention.
    (AFP, 12/17/18)

2019        Feb 18, The NYC Human Rights Commission released guidelines enabling people to seek fines and other remedies if they've been harassed or punished in public spaces because of their hair texture or style.
    (SFC, 2/19/19, p.A4)

2019        May 15, Austrian lawmakers approved plans to ban girls in elementary schools from wearing headscarves, a move that would add to existing restrictions on veils.
    (AP, 5/16/19)

2019        Jul 3, California became the first state in the US to ban discrimination against black employees based on their natural hairstyles. In 2020 July 3 was declared National Crown Day to celebrate the day the CROWN Act (Create a Respectful and Open Workplace for Natural Hair) legislation was signed into law.
    (SFC, 7/4/19, p.A1)(Good Morning America, 7/2/20)

2020        Aug 15, It was reported that workers in the Chinese town of Pyawbwe earn about $1.20 a day untangling hair from Bangladesh and India.
    (Econ., 8/15/20, p.43)

2020        Sep 7, In South Africa protests over a hair advertisement, viewed as racially offensive, forced the closure of at least 60 outlets of a chain of drugstores of nationwide retailer Clicks. Some supporters of the Economic Freedom Fighters vandalized some stores.
    (AP, 9/7/20)

2021        Feb 26, The US Army will now allow female soldiers to wear ponytails and several other hairstyles in addition to the traditional tight bun a response to the growing number of women, particularly Black women, in its ranks.
    (NY Times, 2/26/21)

2021        May 22, It was reported that North Koreas leader Kim Jong Un recently banned mullets and other "non-socialist" haircuts as well as skinny jeans over fears the fashions would lead to capitalistic urges among the closed-off nations young people.
    (Fox News, 5/22/21)

2021        Sep 27, In Afghanistan the Taliban banned barbershops in Helmand province from shaving or trimming beards, claiming their edict is in line with Shariah, or Islamic, law.
    (AP, 9/27/21)

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